274 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Donald C. Williams [54]David Williams [26]Daniel Williams [21]David M. Williams [19]
David Lay Williams [18]Donald Williams [14]Donald Cary Williams [14]Daniel D. Williams [10]

Not all matches are shown. Search with initial or firstname to single out others.

See also
Dan Williams
Cambridge University
Duncan Williams
University of Leeds
3 more

Other users were found but are not shown.
  1. The Elements of Being.Donald Cary Williams - 1953 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (2):3-18, 171-92.
  2.  93
    Predictive Coding and Thought.Daniel Williams - 2020 - Synthese 197 (4):1749-1775.
    Predictive processing has recently been advanced as a global cognitive architecture for the brain. I argue that its commitments concerning the nature and format of cognitive representation are inadequate to account for two basic characteristics of conceptual thought: first, its generality—the fact that we can think and flexibly reason about phenomena at any level of spatial and temporal scale and abstraction; second, its rich compositionality—the specific way in which concepts productively combine to yield our thoughts. I consider two strategies for (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  3. Predictive Processing and the Representation Wars.Daniel Williams - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (1):141-172.
    Clark has recently suggested that predictive processing advances a theory of neural function with the resources to put an ecumenical end to the “representation wars” of recent cognitive science. In this paper I defend and develop this suggestion. First, I broaden the representation wars to include three foundational challenges to representational cognitive science. Second, I articulate three features of predictive processing’s account of internal representation that distinguish it from more orthodox representationalist frameworks. Specifically, I argue that it posits a resemblance-based (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   39 citations  
  4.  56
    Socially Adaptive Belief.Daniel Williams - 2020 - Mind and Language 36 (3):333-354.
    I clarify and defend the hypothesis that human belief formation is sensitive to social rewards and punishments, such that beliefs are sometimes formed based on unconscious expectations of their likely effects on other agents – agents who frequently reward us when we hold ungrounded beliefs and punish us when we hold reasonable ones. After clarifying this phenomenon and distinguishing it from other sources of bias in the psychological literature, I argue that the hypothesis is plausible on theoretical grounds and I (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  5. The Myth of Passage.Donald C. Williams - 1951 - Journal of Philosophy 48 (15):457-472.
  6. On the Elements of Being: I.Donald Cary Williams - 1953 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (1):3--18.
    Metaphysics is the thoroughly empirical science. Every item of experience must be evidence for or against any hypothesis of speculative cosmology, and every experienced object must be an exemplar and test case for the categories of analytic ontology. Technically, therefore, one example ought for our present theme to be as good as another. The more dignified examples, however, are darkened with a patina of tradition and partisanship, while some frivolous ones are peculiarly perspicuous. Let us therefore imagine three lollipops, made (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   102 citations  
  7.  52
    From Symbols to Icons: The Return of Resemblance in the Cognitive Neuroscience Revolution.Daniel Williams & Lincoln Colling - 2018 - Synthese 195 (5):1941-1967.
    We argue that one important aspect of the “cognitive neuroscience revolution” identified by Boone and Piccinini :1509–1534. doi: 10.1007/s11229-015-0783-4, 2015) is a dramatic shift away from thinking of cognitive representations as arbitrary symbols towards thinking of them as icons that replicate structural characteristics of their targets. We argue that this shift has been driven both “from below” and “from above”—that is, from a greater appreciation of what mechanistic explanation of information-processing systems involves, and from a greater appreciation of the problems (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  8. On the Elements of Being: I.Donald C. Williams - 1953 - In Tim Crane & Katalin Farkas (eds.), Metaphysics: A Guide and Anthology. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   82 citations  
  9.  31
    Motivated Ignorance, Rationality, and Democratic Politics.Daniel Williams - 2020 - Synthese 198 (8):7807-7827.
    When the costs of acquiring knowledge outweigh the benefits of possessing it, ignorance is rational. In this paper I clarify and explore a related but more neglected phenomenon: cases in which ignorance is motivated by the anticipated costs of possessing knowledge, not acquiring it. The paper has four aims. First, I describe the psychological and social factors underlying this phenomenon of motivated ignorance. Second, I describe those conditions in which it is instrumentally rational. Third, I draw on evidence from the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  10.  47
    Hierarchical Bayesian Models of Delusion.Daniel Williams - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 61:129-147.
  11. Universals and Existents.Donald C. Williams - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (1):1 – 14.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   56 citations  
  12. Principles of Empirical Realism: Philosophical Essays.Donald Cary Williams - 1966 - Charles C. Thomas.
  13. On the Elements of Being: I.Donald C. Williams - 1997 - In D. H. Mellor & Alex Oliver (eds.), Properties. Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   45 citations  
  14.  54
    Pragmatism and the Predictive Mind.Daniel Williams - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 17 (5):835-859.
    Predictive processing and its apparent commitment to explaining cognition in terms of Bayesian inference over hierarchical generative models seems to flatly contradict the pragmatist conception of mind and experience. Against this, I argue that this appearance results from philosophical overlays at odd with the science itself, and that the two frameworks are in fact well-poised for mutually beneficial theoretical exchange. Specifically, I argue: first, that predictive processing illuminates pragmatism’s commitment to both the primacy of pragmatic coping in accounts of the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  15.  52
    Epistemic Irrationality in the Bayesian Brain.Daniel Williams - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (4):913-938.
    A large body of research in cognitive psychology and neuroscience draws on Bayesian statistics to model information processing within the brain. Many theorists have noted that this research seems to be in tension with a large body of experimental results purportedly documenting systematic deviations from Bayesian updating in human belief formation. In response, proponents of the Bayesian brain hypothesis contend that Bayesian models can accommodate such results by making suitable assumptions about model parameters. To make progress in this debate, I (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  16.  29
    Hierarchical Minds and the Perception/Cognition Distinction.Daniel Williams - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy:1-23.
    ABSTRACTRecent research in cognitive and computational neuroscience portrays the neocortex as a hierarchically structured prediction machine. Several theorists have drawn on this research to challe...
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  17. Bayesian Alternatives for Common Null-Hypothesis Significance Tests in Psychiatry: A Non-Technical Guide Using JASP.D. S. Quintana & D. R. Williams - 2018 - BMC Psychiatry 18:178-185.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  18.  2
    Affective Determinants of Physical Activity: A Conceptual Framework and Narrative Review.Courtney J. Stevens, Austin S. Baldwin, Angela D. Bryan, Mark Conner, Ryan E. Rhodes & David M. Williams - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The literature on affective determinants of physical activity is growing rapidly. The present paper aims to provide greater clarity regarding the definition and distinctions among the various affect-related constructs that have been examined in relation to PA. Affective constructs are organized according to the Affect and Health Behavior Framework, including: affective response to PA; incidental affect; affect processing; and affectively charged motivational states. After defining each category of affective construct, we provide examples of relevant research showing how each construct may (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  19.  32
    Action, Affordances, and Anorexia: Body Representation and Basic Cognition.Stephen Gadsby & Daniel Williams - 2018 - Synthese 195 (12):5297-5317.
    We evaluate a growing trend towards anti-representationalism in cognitive science in the context of recent research into the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa in cognitive neuropsychiatry. We argue two things: first, that this research relies on an explanatorily robust concept of representation—the concept of a long-term body schema; second, that this body representation underlies our most basic environmental interactions and affordance perception—the psychological phenomena supposed to be most hospitable to a non-representationalist treatment.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  20.  42
    Relationships Between Implicit and Explicit Uncertainty Monitoring and Mindreading: Evidence From Autism Spectrum Disorder.Toby Nicholson, David M. Williams, Catherine Grainger, Sophie E. Lind & Peter Carruthers - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 70:11-24.
  21.  15
    Resting Heart Rate Variability Predicts Self-Reported Difficulties in Emotion Regulation: A Focus on Different Facets of Emotion Regulation.DeWayne P. Williams, Claudia Cash, Cameron Rankin, Anthony Bernardi, Julian Koenig & Julian F. Thayer - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  22.  29
    On the Elements of Being: II.Donald C. Williams - 1953 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (2):171-192.
    If a bit of perceptual behavior is a trope, so is any response to a stimulus, and so is the stimulus, and so therefore, more generally, is every effect and its cause. When we say that the sunlight caused the blackening of the film we assert a connection between two tropes; when we say that Sunlight in general causes Blackening in general, we assert a corresponding relation between the corresponding universals. Causation is often said to relate events, and generally speaking (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  23.  7
    Bayesian Psychiatry and the Social Focus of Delusions.Daniel Williams & Marcella Montagnese - manuscript
    A large and growing body of research in computational psychiatry draws on Bayesian modelling to illuminate the dysfunctions and aberrations that underlie psychiatric disorders. After identifying the chief attractions of this research programme, we argue that its typical focus on abstract, domain-general inferential processes is likely to obscure many of the distinctive ways in which the human mind can break down and malfunction. We illustrate this by appeal to psychosis and the social phenomenology of delusions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  24. The Ground of Induction.Donald Williams - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (88):86-88.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  25.  13
    Imaginative Constraints and Generative Models.Daniel Williams - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (1):68-82.
    ABSTRACT How can imagination generate knowledge when its contents are voluntarily determined? Several philosophers have recently answered this question by pointing to the constraints that underpin imagination when it plays knowledge-generating roles. Nevertheless, little has been said about the nature of these constraints. In this paper, I argue that the constraints that underpin sensory imagination come from the structure of causal probabilistic generative models, a construct that has been highly influential in recent cognitive science and machine learning. I highlight several (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  26.  19
    Imaginative Constraints and Generative Models.Daniel Williams - forthcoming - Tandf: Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-15.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  27. Natural Taxonomy in Light of Horizontal Gene Transfer.Cheryl P. Andam, David Williams & J. Peter Gogarten - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):589-602.
    We discuss the impact of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) on phylogenetic reconstruction and taxonomy. We review the power of HGT as a creative force in assembling new metabolic pathways, and we discuss the impact that HGT has on phylogenetic reconstruction. On one hand, shared derived characters are created through transferred genes that persist in the recipient lineage, either because they were adaptive in the recipient lineage or because they resulted in a functional replacement. On the other hand, taxonomic patterns in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  28.  12
    Is the brain an organ for free energy minimisation?Daniel Williams - 2022 - Philosophical Studies 179 (5):1693-1714.
    Two striking claims are advanced on behalf of the free energy principle in cognitive science and philosophy: that it identifies a condition of the possibility of existence for self-organising systems; and that it has important implications for our understanding of how the brain works, defining a set of process theories—roughly, theories of the structure and functions of neural mechanisms—consistent with the free energy minimising imperative that it derives as a necessary feature of all self-organising systems. I argue that the conjunction (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  29.  3
    Introduction.David Lay Williams - 2021 - European Journal of Political Theory 20 (3):568-574.
    This introduction to the review symposium on Ryan Patrick Hanley’s works on the relatively neglected early modern philosopher François Fénelon provides a brief overview of the symposium itself before turning to Hanley’s treatment of Fénelon’s work on the intersection of politics and religion, culminating in a comparison of Fénelon with his most celebrated admirer, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The article sketches how both francophone thinkers employ conceptions of divine justice as a measure to counter the dangers of amour-propre, contrasting Fénelon’s thick theology (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  30.  7
    Assessing the Effectiveness of Automated Emotion Recognition in Adults and Children for Clinical Investigation.Maria Flynn, Dimitris Effraimidis, Anastassia Angelopoulou, Epaminondas Kapetanios, David Williams, Jude Hemanth & Tony Towell - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  31.  9
    Current Emotion Research in Health Behavior Science.David M. Williams & Daniel R. Evans - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (3):277-287.
    In the past two to three decades health behavior scientists have increasingly emphasized affect-related concepts in their attempts to understand and facilitate change in important health behaviors, such as smoking, eating, physical activity, substance abuse, and sex. This article provides a narrative review of this burgeoning literature, including relevant theory and research on affective response, incidental affect, affect processing, and affectively charged motivation. An integrative dual-processing framework is presented that suggests pathways through which affect-related concepts may interrelate to influence health (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  32.  37
    Predictive Minds and Small-Scale Models: Kenneth Craik’s Contribution to Cognitive Science.Daniel Williams - 2018 - Philosophical Explorations 21 (2):245-263.
    I identify three lessons from Kenneth Craik’s landmark book “The Nature of Explanation” for contemporary debates surrounding the existence, extent, and nature of mental representation: first, an account of mental representations as neural structures that function analogously to public models; second, an appreciation of prediction as the central component of intelligence in demand of such models; and third, a metaphor for understanding the brain as an engineer, not a scientist. I then relate these insights to discussions surrounding the representational status (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33.  63
    The Ground of Induction.Donald Cary Williams - 1947 - New York: Russell & Russell.
    A classic defense of the rationality of induction. Williams argues that induction (conceived as inference from sample to population in general) is justified by the proportional syllogism (direct inference), the argument form "Probably if most As are Bs and this is an A, then this is a B." It is a necessary mathematical fact that the vast majority of large samples of a population nearly match the population in composition (e.g. if they have an unknown proportion of black and white). (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  34.  4
    The Marketplace of Rationalizations.Daniel Williams - forthcoming - Economics and Philosophy.
    Recent work in economics has rediscovered the importance of belief-based utility for understanding human behaviour. Belief ‘choice’ is subject to an important constraint, however: people can only bring themselves to believe things for which they can find rationalizations. When preferences for similar beliefs are widespread, this constraint generates rationalization markets, social structures in which agents compete to produce rationalizations in exchange for money and social rewards. I explore the nature of such markets, I draw on political media to illustrate their (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35.  34
    Connecting the Two Faces of Csr: Does Employee Volunteerism Improve Compliance?Susan M. Houghton, Joan T. A. Gabel & David W. Williams - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 87 (4):477 - 494.
    In 2004, the United States Sentencing Commission amended the Federal Sentencing Guidelines to allow firms that create “effective compliance and ethics programs” to receive better treatment if prosecuted for fraud. Effective compliance and ethics, however, appear to be limited to activities focused on complying with the firms’ internal legal and ethical standards. We explored a potential connection between the firms’ external corporate social responsibility (CSR) behaviors and internal compliance: Is there an organizationally valid relationship between these two firm activities? That (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  36.  68
    Dispensing with Existence.Donald C. Williams - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (23):748-763.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  37. Principles of Empirical Realism.Donald Cary Williams - 1968 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 24 (3):377-377.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  38.  70
    The Sea Fight Tomorrow.Donald Cary Williams - 1951 - In Structure, Method and Meaning. New York: Liberal Arts Press. pp. 282-306.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  39. The Philosophy of Japanese Wartime Resistance: A Reading, with Commentary, of the Complete Texts of the Kyoto School Discussions of "the Standpoint of World History and Japan".David Williams - 2014 - Routledge.
    The transcripts of the three Kyoto School roundtable discussions of the theme of 'the standpoint of world history and Japan' may now be judged to form the key source text of responsible Pacific War revisionism. Published in the pages of Chuo Koron, the influential magazine of enlightened elite Japanese opinion during the twelve months after Pearl Harbor, these subversive discussions involved four of the finest minds of the second generation of the Kyoto School of philosophy. Tainted by controversy and shrouded (...)
    No categories
  40. Continued Wilderness Participation: Experience and Identity as Long-Term Relational Phenomena.Jeffrey Brooks & Daniel R. Williams - 2012 - In David N. Cole (ed.), Wilderness visitor experiences: Progress in research and management; April 4-7, 2011 (pp. 21-36); Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-66. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fort Collins, CO, USA: USDA Forest service. pp. 21-36.
    Understanding the relationship between wilderness outings and the resulting experience has been a central theme in resource-based, outdoor recreation research for nearly 50 years. The authors provide a review and synthesis of literature that examines how people, over time, build relationships with wilderness places and express their identities as consequences of multiple, ongoing wilderness engagements (i.e., continued participation). The paper reviews studies of everyday places and those specifically protected for wilderness and backcountry qualities. Beginning with early origins and working through (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  41.  93
    Plato's Noble Lie: From Kallipolis to Magnesia.David Williams - 2013 - History of Political Thought 34 (3):363-392.
    The tradition of the political lie infamously commences with Platos Noble Lie in the Republic. It is woven with great care into his utopian state on the premise that Philosopher-Rulers are incorruptible wielders of political power.Most treatments of the Noble Lie understand this and then proceed to dismiss Plato on the basis of his unrealistic assumptions about human nature. But when consideration is extended to the Laws, one finds a far more nuanced and relevant Plato uncomfortable with the > practice (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  42.  92
    A New Cladistics of Cladists.Malte C. Ebach, Juan J. Morrone & David M. Williams - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):153-156.
  43.  12
    Distributional Learning has Immediate and Long-Lasting Effects.Paola Escudero & Daniel Williams - 2014 - Cognition 133 (2):408-413.
  44.  48
    Necessary Facts.Donald C. Williams - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):601 - 626.
    My main thesis is that the necessary and its necessity are factual, or matters of fact, in the sense that they are realities on the same ontic plane or planes with any other beings there may be, physical, phenomenal, or Platonically transcendent, and are no more creatures of thought and speech than dogs and gravity are; if I think they are all physical actualities, this is only because I think everything is. I have a second thesis, however, which is that (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  45.  18
    Metacognitive Monitoring and Control Processes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Diminished Judgement of Confidence Accuracy.Catherine Grainger, David M. Williams & Sophie E. Lind - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:65-74.
  46.  8
    The Exercise–Affect–Adherence Pathway: An Evolutionary Perspective.Harold H. Lee, Jessica A. Emerson & David M. Williams - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  47.  47
    Place as Relationship Partner: An Alternative Metaphor for Understanding the Quality of Visitor Experience in a Backcountry Setting.Jeffrey J. Brooks, George N. Wallace & Daniel R. Williams - 2006 - Leisure Science: An Interdisciplinary Journal 28 (4):331-349.
    This article presents empirical evidence to address how some visitors build relationships with a wildland place over time. Insights are drawn from qualitative interviews of recreation visitors to the backcountry at Rocky Mountain National Park in Colorado. The article describes relationship to place as the active construction and accumulation of place meanings. The analysis is organized around three themes that describe how people develop relationships to place: time and experience accrued in place, social and physical interactions in and with the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  48. Milestones in Systematics.David M. Williams & Peter L. Forey - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):165-167.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  49.  8
    Rousseau's Social Contract: An Introduction.David Lay Williams (ed.) - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    If the greatness of a philosophical work can be measured by the volume and vehemence of the public response, there is little question that Rousseau's Social Contract stands out as a masterpiece. Within a week of its publication in 1762 it was banished from France. Soon thereafter, Rousseau fled to Geneva, where he saw the book burned in public. At the same time, many of his contemporaries, such as Kant, considered Rousseau to be 'the Newton of the moral world', as (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  50.  18
    Limitations of the Western Scientific Worldview for the Study of Metaphysically Inclusive Peoples.Gerhard P. Shipley & Deborah H. Williams - 2019 - Open Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):295-317.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 274