Results for 'DM Hausman'

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  1.  66
    Review. Causal Asymmetries. DM Hausman.C. Hitchock - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (1):175-179.
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  2. Discussion. The Impossibility of Interpersonal Utility Comparisons - a Reply.DM Hausman - 1997 - Mind 106 (421):99-100.
  3.  9
    Some Parting Words: Daniel Hausman and Michael McPherson.Daniel M. Hausman - 1995 - Economics and Philosophy 11 (1):i.
  4. When Jack and Jill Make a Deal*: DANIEL M. HAUSMAN.Daniel M. Hausman - 1992 - Social Philosophy and Policy 9 (1):95-113.
    In ordinary circumstances, human actions have a myriad of unintended and often unforeseen consequences for the lives of other people. Problems of pollution are serious examples, but spillovers and side effects are the rule, not the exception. Who knows what consequences this essay may have? This essay is concerned with the problems of justice created by spillovers. After characterizing such spillovers more precisely and relating the concept to the economist's notion of an externality, I shall then consider the moral conclusions (...)
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  5.  77
    Weighing Lives.Daniel M. Hausman - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):718-722.
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  6.  40
    Hausman and McPherson on Welfare Economics and Preference Satisfaction Theories of Welfare: A Critical Note.Alexander F. Sarch - 2015 - Economics and Philosophy 31 (1):141-159.
    Hausman and McPherson defend welfare economics by claiming that even if welfare does not consist in preference satisfaction, preferences still provide good, if fallible, evidence of welfare. I argue that this strategy does not yet fully solve the problems for welfare economics stemming from the preference satisfaction theory of welfare. More work is needed to show that our self-interested preferences are sufficiently reliable, or in some other sense our best, evidence of well-being. Thus, my aim is to identify the (...)
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  7.  8
    The Inexact and Separate Philosophy of Economics: An Interview with Daniel Hausman.Daniel M. Hausman - 2011 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 4 (1):67.
  8.  12
    Liberalism, Welfare Economics, and Freedom*: DANIEL M. HAUSMAN.Daniel M. Hausman - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (2):172-197.
    With the collapse of the centrally controlled economies and the authoritarian governments of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet republics, political leaders are, with appreciable public support, espousing “liberal” economic and political transformations—the reinstitution of markets, the securing of civil and political rights, and the establishment of representative governments. But those supporting reform have many aims, and the liberalism to which they look for political guidance is not an unambiguous doctrine.
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  9.  11
    The Creative Imagination: Enlightenment to Romanticism.Carl B. Hausman - 1982 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 40 (4):437-439.
  10. Comment on Hausman & Woodward on the Causal Markov Condition.Daniel Steel - 2006 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 57 (1):219-231.
    Woodward present an argument for the Causal Markov Condition (CMC) on the basis of a principle they dub ‘modularity’ ([1999, 2004]). I show that the conclusion of their argument is not in fact the CMC but a substantially weaker proposition. In addition, I show that their argument is invalid and trace this invalidity to two features of modularity, namely, that it is stated in terms of pairwise independence and ‘arrow-breaking’ interventions. Hausman & Woodward's argument can be rendered valid through (...)
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  11.  34
    Knowledge of Consequences: An Explanation of the Epistemic Side-Effect Effect.Katarzyna Paprzycka-Hausman - 2018 - Synthese 197 (12):5457-5490.
    The Knobe effect :190–194, 2003a) consists in our tendency to attribute intentionality to bringing about a side effect when it is morally bad but not when it is morally good. Beebe and Buckwalter have demonstrated that there is an epistemic side-effect effect : people are more inclined to attribute knowledge when the side effect is bad in Knobe-type cases. ESEE is quite robust. In this paper, I present a new explanation of ESEE. I argue that when people attribute knowledge in (...)
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  12.  59
    The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics.Daniel M. Hausman - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a comprehensive overview of the structure, strategy and methods of assessment of orthodox theoretical economics. In Part I Professor Hausman explains how economists theorise, emphasising the essential underlying commitment of economists to a vision of economics as a separate science. In Part II he defends the view that the basic axioms of economics are 'inexact' since they deal only with the 'major' causes; unlike most writers on economic methodology, the author argues that it is the rules (...)
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  13.  11
    The Breakdown of Cartesian Metaphysics.Alan Hausman - 1993 - Noûs 27 (2):272-275.
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  14.  16
    Preference, Value, Choice, and Welfare.Daniel M. Hausman - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about preferences, principally as they figure in economics. It also explores their uses in everyday language and action, how they are understood in psychology and how they figure in philosophical reflection on action and morality. The book clarifies and for the most part defends the way in which economists invoke preferences to explain, predict and assess behavior and outcomes. Hausman argues, however, that the predictions and explanations economists offer rely on theories of preference formation that are (...)
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  15.  47
    Causal Asymmetries.Daniel M. Hausman - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, by one of the pre-eminent philosophers of science writing today, offers the most comprehensive account available of causal asymmetries. Causation is asymmetrical in many different ways. Causes precede effects; explanations cite causes not effects. Agents use causes to manipulate their effects; they don't use effects to manipulate their causes. Effects of a common cause are correlated; causes of a common effect are not. This book explains why a relationship that is asymmetrical in one of these regards is asymmetrical (...)
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  16. Debate: To Nudge or Not to Nudge.Daniel M. Hausman & Brynn Welch - 2010 - Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (1):123-136.
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  17.  31
    Hausman on Certainty and Necessity in Hume.Robert A. Imlay - 1976 - Hume Studies 2 (1):47-52.
  18.  36
    The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics.David Phillips & Daniel M. Hausman - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):348.
  19.  34
    Models of Man: Philosophical Thoughts on Social Action.Daniel M. Hausman - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (7):386-391.
  20.  32
    The Structure of Good. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Hausman - 1993 - Ethics 103 (4):792 - 806.
  21.  4
    Microeconomic Laws: A Philosophical Analysis.Daniel M. Hausman - 1979 - Noûs 13 (1):118-122.
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  22.  87
    Review of Dowe, Physical Causation. [REVIEW]D. M. Hausman - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (4):717-24.
  23.  36
    Toward a New Elitism. Skaggs & Hausman - 2012 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 46 (3):83-106.
    The rise of popular culture programs in universities is to a significant degree a consequence of the rejection of a particular theory of aesthetics. According to this older, rejected view, the classical, “fine” arts were considered—largely on the basis of complexity of form—higher, more refined, more admirable, and of greater value than other kinds of “popular” creative activities. While the former were the subject of intense critical study, the latter were neglected, seen as unworthy of serious attention. Ultimately, the sociological (...)
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  24. Independence, Invariance and the Causal Markov Condition.Daniel M. Hausman & James Woodward - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (4):521-583.
    This essay explains what the Causal Markov Condition says and defends the condition from the many criticisms that have been launched against it. Although we are skeptical about some of the applications of the Causal Markov Condition, we argue that it is implicit in the view that causes can be used to manipulate their effects and that it cannot be surrendered without surrendering this view of causation.
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  25.  16
    IV. Strawson on the Traditional Logic.Alan Hausman - 1969 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 12 (1-4):254-259.
    In his Introduction to Logical Theory, Strawson argues that Aristotelian logic can be given a successful interpretation into ordinary English, but not into the symbolism of Principia Mathematica, on the grounds that Aristotelian logic and ordinary English share something absent in PM, namely, the doctrine of presupposition. It is argued that Strawson is mistaken. PM does justice to the logical rules of Aristotelian logic and also has a fully articulated doctrine of presupposition.
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  26.  54
    Charles S. Peirce's Evolutionary Philosophy.Carl R. Hausman - 1993 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    In this systematic introduction to the philosophy of Charles S. Peirce, the author focuses on four of Peirce's fundamental conceptions: pragmatism and Peirce's development of it into what he called 'pragmaticism'; his theory of signs; his phenomenology; and his theory that continuity is of prime importance for philosophy. He argues that at the centre of Peirce's philosophical project is a unique form of metaphysical realism, whereby continuity and evolutionary change are both necessary for our understanding of experience. In his final (...)
  27.  15
    What Is and What Ought to Be Done: An Essay on Ethics and Epistemology.Daniel M. Hausman - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (5):312-315.
  28.  90
    Review: Hausman, D. Essays on Philosophy and Economic Methodology.Luc Bovens - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (4):818-820.
  29.  19
    Standards.Daniel M. Hausman & Michael S. McPherson - 1988 - Economics and Philosophy 4 (1):1.
  30.  88
    Health, Naturalism, and Functional Efficiency.Daniel M. Hausman - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (4):519-541.
    This essay develops an account of health, the functional efficiency theory, which derives from Christopher Boorse's biostatistical theory. Like the BST, the functional efficiency theory is a nonevaluative view of health, but unlike the BST, it argues that the fundamental theoretical task is to distinguish levels of efficiency with which the parts and processes within organisms and within systems within organisms function. Which of these to label as healthy or pathological is of secondary importance. Because the statistical distributions that Boorse's (...)
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  31.  29
    Health, Disease and Naturalism: Hausman on the Public Value of Health.Elselijn Kingma - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2):109-121.
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  32.  17
    Between Science and Nature: Interpreting Lactation Failure in Elizabeth von Arnim's The Pastor's Wife.Bernice L. Hausman - 1999 - Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (2):101-115.
    Interpreting a scene of lactation failure allows us to represent breast-feeding as a contested social practice. This essay reads a novelistic scene of lactation failure in the context of the decline of breast-feeding in the twentieth century. The protagonist's ignorance of the female experiences of pregnancy, childbirth, and lactation is an effect of her objectification within the opposition between science and nature. Unnatural as a woman because she is a natural individual, the pastor's wife exemplifies the dilemmas of breast-feeding as (...)
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  33.  15
    Ovaries to Estrogen: Sex Hormones and Chemical Femininity in the 20th Century. [REVIEW]Bernice L. Hausman - 1999 - Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (3):165-176.
  34.  73
    Review: Carl R. Hausman, Charles S. Peirce's Evolutionary Philosophy. [REVIEW]H. G. Callaway - 1996 - Dialectica 50 (No. 2):153-161.
    Carl Hausman is a former editor of The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, a revival of one of the first American philosophy journals, where Peirce published some of his early work; and Hausman has devoted a good deal of his career to Peirce scholarship. He interprets Peirce’s thought “as a fallibilistic foundationalism that affirms a unique realism according to which what is real is a dynamic, evolving extramental condition.” The theme is an interesting one partly in view of the (...)
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  35. Preference Satisfaction and Welfare Economics.Daniel M. Hausman - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):1-25.
    The tenuous claims of cost-benefit analysis to guide policy so as to promote welfare turn on measuring welfare by preference satisfaction and taking willingness-to-pay to indicate preferences. Yet it is obvious that people's preferences are not always self-interested and that false beliefs may lead people to prefer what is worse for them even when people are self-interested. So welfare is not preference satisfaction, and hence it appears that cost-benefit analysis and welfare economics in general rely on a mistaken theory of (...)
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  36.  3
    Charles S. Peirce's Evolutionary Philosophy.Carl R. Hausman - 1993 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    In this systematic introduction to the philosophy of Charles S. Peirce, the author focuses on four of Peirce's fundamental conceptions: pragmatism and Peirce's development of it into what he called 'pragmaticism'; his theory of signs; his phenomenology; and his theory that continuity is of prime importance for philosophy. He argues that at the centre of Peirce's philosophical project is a unique form of metaphysical realism, whereby continuity and evolutionary change are both necessary for our understanding of experience. In his final (...)
  37.  14
    Hausman, Daniel. Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering.Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Pp. 288. $55.00. [REVIEW]Lasse Nielsen - 2016 - Ethics 126 (3):836-840.
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  38.  8
    Hausman, Daniel M. Preference, Value, Choice, and Welfare. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. Pp. 153. $90.00 ; $26.99. [REVIEW]Donald W. Bruckner - 2013 - Ethics 123 (2):370-374.
  39.  69
    Philosophy of Economics: Past and Future.Daniel M. Hausman - 2021 - Journal of Economic Methodology 28 (1):14-22.
    This essay offers a history of the development of philosophy of economics from the 1830s until today, with a personal perspective on the developments of the last four decades. It argues that change...
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  40. Against Modularity, the Causal Markov Condition, and Any Link Between the Two: Comments on Hausman and Woodward.Nancy Cartwright - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (3):411-453.
    In their rich and intricate paper ‘Independence, Invariance, and the Causal Markov Condition’, Daniel Hausman and James Woodward ([1999]) put forward two independent theses, which they label ‘level invariance’ and ‘manipulability’, and they claim that, given a specific set of assumptions, manipulability implies the causal Markov condition. These claims are interesting and important, and this paper is devoted to commenting on them. With respect to level invariance, I argue that Hausman and Woodward's discussion is confusing because, as I (...)
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  41.  6
    Introduction.Bernice L. Hausman - 2004 - Journal of Medical Humanities 25 (3):167-171.
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  42. Is an Overdose of Paracetamol Bad for One’s Health?Daniel M. Hausman - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (3):657-668.
    1 Overview of the problem2 Situationally Specific Normal Functioning and Capacities3 Kingma’s Criticism4 How Normal Responses can be Pathological5 Too Many Pathologies?6 Conclusions.
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  43.  54
    The Handbook of Economic Methodology, John Davis, D. Wade Hands, and Uskali Mäki . Edward Elgar, 1998, Xviii + 572 Pages. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Hausman - 1999 - Economics and Philosophy 15 (2):289.
  44. Charles S. Peirce's Evolutionary Philosophy.Charles S. Peirce & Carl R. Hausman - 1994 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 30 (2):401-413.
     
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  45. The Impossibility of Interpersonal Utility Comparisons.Daniel M. Hausman - 1995 - Mind 104 (415):473-490.
  46.  10
    MINERVA-DM: A Memory Processes Model for Judgments of Likelihood.Michael R. P. Dougherty, Charles F. Gettys & Eve E. Ogden - 1999 - Psychological Review 106 (1):180-209.
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  47.  10
    A Discourse on Novelty and Creation.Carl Hausman - 1975 - State University of New York Press.
    Carl Hausman presents here a sustained and systematic examination of the problems of constructing a framework for understanding the concept of creativity. His discussion is unique in focusing systematically on problems of understanding creativity, examining our assumptions about what we take to be creative, and the possibility of seeing how creativity fits into a world that we expect to behave in rational patterns. In a careful examination of this complex phenomena, Hausman suggests a way of approaching creativity in (...)
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  48.  33
    Health and Functional Efficiency.Daniel M. Hausman - 2014 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 39 (6):634-647.
    This essay argues that what is central to Christopher Boorse’s biostatistical theory of disease as statistically subnormal part function (BST) are comparisons of the “functional efficiency” of parts and processes and that statistical considerations serve only to pick out a healthy level of functional efficiency. On this interpretation, the distinction between health and pathology is less important than comparisons of functional efficiency, which are entirely independent of statistical considerations. The clarifications or revisions of the BST that this essay offers are (...)
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  49. Economic Analysis, Moral Philosophy and Public Policy.Daniel Hausman, Michael McPherson & Debra Satz - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book shows through argument and numerous policy-related examples how understanding moral philosophy can improve economic analysis, how moral philosophy can benefit from economists' analytical tools, and how economic analysis and moral philosophy together can inform public policy. Part I explores the idea of rationality and its connections to ethics, arguing that when they defend their formal model of rationality, most economists implicitly espouse contestable moral principles. Part II addresses the nature and measurement of welfare, utilitarianism and cost-benefit analysis. Part (...)
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  50.  87
    Philip Kitcher, Science, Truth, and Democracy:Science, Truth, and Democracy.Daniel M. Hausman - 2003 - Ethics 113 (2):423-428.
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