Results for 'DUPR�� John'

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  1.  39
    I—John Dupré: Living Causes.John Dupré - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):19-37.
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  2.  24
    I—John Dupré: Living Causes.John Dupré - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):19-37.
    This paper considers the applicability of standard accounts of causation to living systems. In particular it examines critically the increasing tendency to equate causal explanation with the identification of a mechanism. A range of differences between living systems and paradigm mechanisms are identified and discussed. While in principle it might be possible to accommodate an account of mechanism to these features, the attempt to do so risks reducing the idea of a mechanism to vacuity. It is proposed that the solution (...)
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  3.  15
    Interview: John Dupré.John Dupré & Edit Talpsepp-Randla - 2019 - Philosophy Now 133:20-22.
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  4.  21
    I_– _John Dupré.John Dupré - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):153-171.
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  5.  12
    I_– _John Dupré.John Dupré - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):153-171.
  6.  8
    John Dupré, Review of the Mind Works by Steven Pinker. [REVIEW]John Dupré - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):489-493.
  7.  88
    Against Reductionist Explanations of Human Behaviour: John Dupré.John Dupré - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):153–172.
    [John Dupré] This paper attacks some prominent contemporary attempts to provide reductive accounts of ever wider areas of human behaviour. In particular, I shall address the claims of sociobiology (or evolutionary psychology) to provide a universal account of human nature, and attempts to subsume ever wider domains of behaviour within the scope of economics. I shall also consider some recent suggestions as to how these approaches might be integrated. Having rejected the imperialistic ambitions of these approaches, I shall briefly (...)
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  8.  44
    The Mental Lives of Nonhuman Animals John Dupre.John Dupre - 1996 - In Colin Allen & D. Jamison (eds.), Readings in Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 323.
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  9.  8
    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science | Vol 73, No 3.John Dupré - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
  10. Philosophy of Biology.John Dupre - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (4):1084-1087.
     
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  11. Varieties of Living Things: Life at the Intersection of Lineage and Metabolism.John Dupré & Maureen A. O'Malley - 2009 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 1 (20130604).
    We address three fundamental questions: What does it mean for an entity to be living? What is the role of inter-organismic collaboration in evolution? What is a biological individual? Our central argument is that life arises when lineage-forming entities collaborate in metabolism. By conceiving of metabolism as a collaborative process performed by functional wholes, which are associations of a variety of lineage-forming entities, we avoid the standard tension between reproduction and metabolism in discussions of life – a tension particularly evident (...)
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  12. The Disorder of Things: Metaphysical Foundations of the Disunity of Science.John Dupré - 1993 - Harvard University Press.
    With this manifesto, John Dupré systematically attacks the ideal of scientific unity by showing how its underlying assumptions are at odds with the central conclusions of science itself.
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  13.  11
    Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.John Dupré - 2011 - Oxford University Press UK.
    John Dupré explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and human society. Epigenetics and related areas of molecular biology have eroded the exceptional status of the gene and presented the genome as fully interactive with the rest of the cell. Developmental systems theory provides a space for a vision of evolution that takes full account of the fundamental importance of developmental processes. Dupré shows the importance of microbiology for a proper (...)
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  14.  67
    Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.John Dupré - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    John Dupr explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and society. He reveals how the advance of genetic science is changing our view of the constituents of life, and shows how an understanding of microbiology will overturn standard assumptions about the living world.
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  15.  22
    Concepts and Methods in Evolutionary Biology.John Dupré - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (2):292-296.
    This book is a collection of essays by a leading philosopher of biology and spans his career over almost the last twenty years. Most of the topics that have been of concern to philosophers of biology in this period are touched on to some extent, and the collection of these essays in a convenient volume will certainly be welcomed by everyone working in this field. The essays are arranged chronologically, and divided into three sections. Although the chapters in the first (...)
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  16.  11
    The Latest on the Best: Essays on Evolution and Optimality : Conference on Evolution and Information : Papers.John Dupré (ed.) - 1987 - MIT Press.
    Controversies about optimality models and adaptationist methodologies have animated the discussions of evolutionary theory in recent years. The sociobiologists, following the lead of E. O. Wilson, have argued that if Darwinian natural selection can be reliably expected to produce the best possible type of organism - one that optimizes the value of its genetic contribution to future generations - then evolution becomes a powerfully predictive theory as well as an explanatory one. The enthusiastic claims of the sociobiologists for the predictability (...)
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  17. Value-Free Science: Ideals and Illusions?Harold Kincaid, John Dupre & Alison Wylie (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    It has long been thought that science is our best hope for realizing objective knowledge, but that, to deliver on this promise, it must be value free. Things are not so simple, however, as recent work in science studies makes clear. The contributors to this volume investigate where and how values are involved in science, and examine the implications of this involvement for ideals of objectivity.
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  18.  7
    The Structure of Biological Science.John Dupré - 1986 - Philosophy of Science 53 (3):461-463.
  19.  56
    Probabilistic Causality Emancipated.John Dupré - 1984 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 9 (1):169-175.
  20. A Manifesto for a Processual Philosophy of Biology.John A. Dupre & Daniel J. Nicholson - 2018 - In Daniel J. Nicholson & John A. Dupre (eds.), Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology.
    This chapter argues that scientific and philosophical progress in our understanding of the living world requires that we abandon a metaphysics of things in favour of one centred on processes. We identify three main empirical motivations for adopting a process ontology in biology: metabolic turnover, life cycles, and ecological interdependence. We show how taking a processual stance in the philosophy of biology enables us to ground existing critiques of essentialism, reductionism, and mechanicism, all of which have traditionally been associated with (...)
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  21.  11
    The Metaphysics of Biology.John Dupré - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element is an introduction to the metaphysics of biology, a very general account of the nature of the living world. The first part of the Element addresses more traditionally philosophical questions - whether biological systems are reducible to the properties of their physical parts, causation and laws of nature, substantialist and processualist accounts of life, and the nature of biological kinds. The second half will offer an understanding of important biological entities, drawing on the earlier discussions. This division should (...)
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  22.  85
    Human Nature and the Limits of Science.John Dupré - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    John Dupre warns that our understanding of human nature is being distorted by two faulty and harmful forms of pseudo-scientific thinking. Not just in the academic world but in everyday life, we find one set of experts who seek to explain the ends at which humans aim in terms of evolutionary theory, while the other set uses economic models to give rules of how we act to achieve those ends. Dupre demonstrates that these theorists' explanations do not work and (...)
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  23.  80
    Sex, Gender, and Essence.John Dupré - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 11 (1):441-457.
  24.  73
    The Lure of the Simplistic.John Dupré - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S284-S293.
    This paper attacks the perennial philosophical and scientific quest for a simple and unified vision of the world. Without denying the attraction of this vision, I argue that such a goal often seriously distorts our understanding of complex phenomena. The argument is illustrated with reference to simplistic attempts to provide extremely general views of biology, and especially of human nature, through the theory of evolution. Although that theory is a fundamental ingredient of our scientific world view, it provides only one (...)
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  25.  67
    Probabilistic Causality: A Rejoinder to Ellery Eells.John Dupré - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (4):690 - 698.
    In an earlier paper (Dupré 1984), I criticized a thesis sometimes defended by theorists of probabilistic causality, namely, that a probabilistic cause must raise the probability of its effect in every possible set of causally relevant background conditions (the "contextual unanimity thesis"). I also suggested that a more promising analysis of probabilistic causality might be sought in terms of statistical relevance in a fair sample. Ellery Eells (1987) has defended the contextual unanimity thesis against my objections, and also raised objections (...)
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  26.  12
    Aryeh Kosman is the John Whitehead Professor of Philosophy at Haver-Ford College in Haverford, Pennsylvania. He Works on the Interpretation of Ancient Philosophy, Particularly the Works of Plato and Aristotle. Zvi Biener is a Graduate Student at the University of Pittsburgh's Depart-Ment of History and Philosophy of Science. He Specializes in the History Of. [REVIEW]John Dupré & Stathis Psillos - 2004 - Perspectives on Science 12 (3).
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  27. Human Nature and the Limits of Science.John Dupré - 2004 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (1):134-135.
     
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  28.  47
    Could There Be a Science of Economics?John Dupré - 1993 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 18 (1):363-378.
    Much scientific thinking and thinking about science involves assumptions that there is a deep and pervasive order to the world that it is the business of science to disclose. A paradigmatic statement of such a view can be found in a widely discussed paper by a prominent economist, Milton Friedman (a paper which will be discussed in more detail shortly): A fundamental hypothesis of science is that appearances are deceptive and that there is a way of looking at or interpreting (...)
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  29.  18
    Wilkerson on Natural Kinds.John Dupré - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (248):248 - 251.
  30. Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology.Daniel J. Nicholson & John Dupré (eds.) - 2018 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    This collection of essays explores the metaphysical thesis that the living world is not made up of substantial particles or things, as has often been assumed, but is rather constituted by processes. The biological domain is organised as an interdependent hierarchy of processes, which are stabilised and actively maintained at different timescales. Even entities that intuitively appear to be paradigms of things, such as organisms, are actually better understood as processes. Unlike previous attempts to articulate processual views of biology, which (...)
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  31.  44
    Humans and Other Animals.John Dupré - 2002 - Clarendon Press.
    John Dupré explores the ways in which we categorize animals, including humans, and comes to refreshingly radical conclusions. He opposes the idea that there is only one legitimate way of classifying things in the natural world, the 'scientific' way. The lesson we should learn from Darwin is to reject the idea that each organism has an essence that determines its necessary place in the unique hierarchy of things. Nature is not like that: it is not organized in a single (...)
  32.  58
    On the Impossibility of a Monistic Account of Species.John Dupré - 1999 - In Robert A. Wilson (ed.), Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. Bradford Books. pp. 3-22.
  33. Natural Kinds and Biological Taxa.John Dupre - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):66-90.
  34.  70
    Science and Values and Values in Science: Comments on Philip Kitcher's Science, Truth, and Democracy.John Dupré - 2004 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 47 (5):505 – 514.
  35. Humans and Other Animals.John Dupré - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (2):374-375.
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  36.  27
    The Metaphysics of Evolution.John Dupre - 2017 - Interface Focus 7 (5):1-9.
    This paper briefly describes process metaphysics, and argues that it is better suited for describing life than the more standard thing, or substance, metaphysics. It then explores the implications of process metaphysics for conceptualizing evolution. After explaining what it is for an organism to be a process, the paper takes up the Hull/Ghiselin thesis of species as individuals and explores the conditions under which a species or lineage could constitute an individual process. It is argued that only sexual species satisfy (...)
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  37.  38
    Natural Kinds and Biological Taxa.John Dupre - 1981 - The Philosophical Review 90 (1):66-90.
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  38. Are Whales Fish.John Dupré - 1999 - In D. Medin & S. Atran (eds.), Folkbiology. MIT Press. pp. 461--476.
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  39.  16
    The Constituents of Life.John Dupré - 2007 - Uitgeverij van Gorcum.
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  40.  24
    The Advancement of Science: Science Without Legend, Objectivity Without Illusions.John Dupre & Philip Kitcher - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (1):147.
  41. The Miracle of Monism.John Dupré - 2004 - In Mario De Caro & David Macarthur (eds.), Naturalism in Question. Harvard University Press. pp. 36--58.
    This chapter defends a pluralistic view of science: the various projects of enquiry that fall under the general rubric of science share neither a methodology nor a subject matter. Ontologically, it is argued that sciences need have nothing in common beyond an antipathy to the supernatural. Epistemically one central virtue is defended, empiricism, meaning just that scientific knowledge must ultimately be answerable to experience. Prima facie science is as diverse as the world it studies; and rejection of this prima facie (...)
     
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  42. Humans and other Animals.John Dupré - 2004 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (1):135-136.
     
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  43. Human Nature : A Process Perspective.John Dupré - 2018 - In Elizabeth Hannon & Tim Lewens (eds.), Why We Disagree About Human Nature. Oxford University Press.
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  44. Humans and Other Animals.John Dupré - 2009 - Critica 41 (123):170-176.
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  45. It is Not Possible to Reduce Biological Explanations to Explanations in Chemistry and/or Physics.John Dupré - 2010 - In Francisco José Ayala & Robert Arp (eds.), Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology. Wiley-Blackwell.
  46. Living Causes.John Dupré - 2013 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 87 (1):19-37.
    This paper considers the applicability of standard accounts of causation to living systems. In particular it examines critically the increasing tendency to equate causal explanation with the identification of a mechanism. A range of differences between living systems and paradigm mechanisms are identified and discussed. While in principle it might be possible to accommodate an account of mechanism to these features, the attempt to do so risks reducing the idea of a mechanism to vacuity. It is proposed that the solution (...)
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  47. Towards a Processual Microbial Ontology.Eric Bapteste & John Dupre - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):379-404.
    Standard microbial evolutionary ontology is organized according to a nested hierarchy of entities at various levels of biological organization. It typically detects and defines these entities in relation to the most stable aspects of evolutionary processes, by identifying lineages evolving by a process of vertical inheritance from an ancestral entity. However, recent advances in microbiology indicate that such an ontology has important limitations. The various dynamics detected within microbiological systems reveal that a focus on the most stable entities (or features (...)
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  48.  79
    Life as Process.John Dupré - 2020 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 57 (2):96-113.
    The thesis of this paper is that our understanding of life, as reflected in the biological and medical sciences but also in our everyday transactions, has been hampered by an inappropriate metaphysics. The metaphysics that has dominated Western philosophy, and that currently shapes most understanding of life and the life sciences, sees the world as composed of things and their properties. While these things appear to undergo all kinds of changes, it has often been supposed that this amounts to no (...)
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  49.  25
    The Methodology of Economics: Or How Economists Explain. 2nd Ed. Blaug Mark. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992, 286 + Xxviii Pages. [REVIEW]John Dupré - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (1):138.
  50. The Disorder of Things. Metaphysical Foundation of the Disunity of Science.John Dupré - 1995 - Studia Logica 54 (1):133-137.
     
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