Results for 'Dafydd Stephens'

524 found
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  1.  14
    Preferences for Communication in Clinic From Deaf People: A Cross‐Sectional Study.Anna Middleton, Graham H. Turner, Maria Bitner-Glindzicz, Peter Lewis, Martin Richards, Angus Clarke & Dafydd Stephens - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (4):811-817.
  2. The Works of Francis Bacon [Collected by R. Stephens and J. Locker, Publ. By T. Birch].Francis Bacon, Thomas Birch & Robert Stephens - 1765
     
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  3. By William O. Stephens.William Stephens - manuscript
    More than 2,200 years have passed since a group of sober people gathered in a covered colonnade, or stoa, in the marketplace of Athens to discuss the good life – a life of virtue and honor. They became known as Stoics, and their ancient creed is enjoying a renaissance today in, of all things, popular culture.
     
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  4.  48
    Distributed Cognition and the Will: Individual Volition and Social Context.Don Ross, David Spurrett, Harold Kincaid & G. Lynn Stephens (eds.) - 2007 - Bradford.
    Recent scientific findings about human decision making would seem to threaten the traditional concept of the individual conscious will. The will is threatened from "below" by the discovery that our apparently spontaneous actions are actually controlled and initiated from below the level of our conscious awareness, and from "above" by the recognition that we adapt our actions according to social dynamics of which we are seldom aware. In Distributed Cognition and the Will, leading philosophers and behavioral scientists consider how much, (...)
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  5.  5
    When Self-Consciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts.Christian Perring, G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):623.
    Stephens and Grahamset themselves an apparently modest task, to understand why people who experience alien voices and inserted thoughts do not believe that they themselves are the source of these experiences. However, it soon becomes clear that there are many connected issues here. In eight short chapters, they address the phenomenology and ontology of consciousness, the phenomenology of alien voices, inserted thoughts, obsessive-compulsive thoughts and feelings, and other cases of unusual experience often associated with psychopathology, including brief discussion of (...)
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  6. Stoic Ethics: Epictetus and Happiness as Freedom.William O. Stephens - 2007 - London, UK: Continuum.
    The impact of Stoicism on Roman culture and early Christianity was considerable. Unfortunately, little survives of the early writings on Stoicism. Our knowledge of it comes largely from a few later Stoics. In this unique book, William O. Stephens explores the moral philosophy of the late Stoic Epictetus, a former slave and dynamic Stoic teacher. His philosophy, as recorded by one of his students, is the most earnest and most compelling defense of ancient Stoicism that exists. Epictetus' teachings dramatically (...)
     
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  7.  32
    Peirce on Psychological Self-Knowledge.G. Lynn Stephens - 1980 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 16 (3):212 - 224.
    Discusses the psychological self-knowledge of philosopher G. Lynn Stephens who contends that both the overarching assertion that humans have psychological stress at all and each specific ascription of a psychological state to oneself requires justification by inference. Objectivity of moral and aesthetic values and the analysis of modal discourse; Role of certain qualities of objects in interactions among objects; Irrefragable reasons requirement of each psychological self-ascription.
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  8.  8
    Fox-Hunting as Recorded by Raed.C. A. Stephens & John C. Winston Company ) - unknown
    (Statement of Responsibility) by C.A. Stephens ; illustrated.
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  9.  3
    Marcus Aurelius: A Guide for the Perplexed.William O. Stephens - 2012 - London, UK: Bloomsbury (Continuum).
    This book is a clear and concise introduction to the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. His one major surviving work, often titled 'meditations' but literally translated simply as 'to himself', is a series of short, sometimes enigmatic reflections divided seemingly arbitrarily into twelve books and apparently written only to be read by him. For these reasons Marcus is a particularly difficult thinker to understand. His musings, framed as 'notes to self' or 'memoranda', are the exhortations of an earnest, conscientious Stoic (...)
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  10. When Self-Consciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts.G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2000 - MIT Press.
  11. Selection, Drift, and the “Forces” of Evolution.Christopher Stephens - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):550-570.
    Recently, several philosophers have challenged the view that evolutionary theory is usefully understood by way of an analogy with Newtonian mechanics. Instead, they argue that evolutionary theory is merely a statistical theory. According to this alternate approach, natural selection and random genetic drift are not even causes, much less forces. I argue that, properly understood, the Newtonian analogy is unproblematic and illuminating. I defend the view that selection and drift are causes in part by attending to a pair of important (...)
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  12. Philosophical Psychopathology.George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens - 1994 - MIT Press.
  13. When Selfconsciousness Breaks: Alien Voices and Inserted Thoughts.G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2000 - Philosophical Quarterly 52 (206):128-131.
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  14. Philosophical Psychopathology.George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens - 1998 - Philosophical Quarterly 48 (193):545-548.
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  15. How Not to Detect DesignThe Design Inference. William A. Dembski.Brandon Fitelson, Christopher Stephens & Elliott Sober - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):472-488.
    As every philosopher knows, “the design argument” concludes that God exists from premisses that cite the adaptive complexity of organisms or the lawfulness and orderliness of the whole universe. Since 1859, it has formed the intellectual heart of creationist opposition to the Darwinian hypothesis that organisms evolved their adaptive features by the mindless process of natural selection. Although the design argument developed as a defense of theism, the logic of the argument in fact encompasses a larger set of issues. William (...)
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  16.  54
    Self-Consciousness, Mental Agency, and the Clinical Psychopathology of Thought-Insertion.G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 1994 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 1 (1):1-10.
  17. Anomalous Control: When "Free Will" is Not Conscious.Patrick Haggard, Peter Cartledge, Meilyr Dafydd & David A. Oakley - 2004 - Consciousness and Cognition 13 (3):646-654.
    The conscious feeling of exercising ‘free-will’ is fundamental to our sense of self. However, in some psychopathological conditions actions may be experienced as involuntary or unwilled. We have used suggestion in hypnosis to create the experience of involuntariness in normal participants. We compared a voluntary finger movement, a passive movement and a voluntary movement suggested by hypnosis to be ‘involuntary.’ Hypnosis itself had no effect on the subjective experience of voluntariness associated with willed movements and passive movements or on time (...)
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  18.  67
    When is It Selectively Advantageous to Have True Beliefs? Sandwiching the Better Safe Than Sorry Argument.Christopher L. Stephens - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 105 (2):161-189.
    Several philosophers have argued that natural selection will favor reliable belief formation; others have been more skeptical. These traditional approaches to the evolution of rationality have been either too sketchy or else have assumed that phenotypic plasticity can be equated with having a mind. Here I develop a new model to explore the functional utility of belief and desire formation mechanisms, and defend the claim that natural selection favors reliable inference methods in a broad, but not universal, range of circumstances.
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  19.  11
    Initial Reactions to the Recent CDF Responsum on Hysterectomy.Nicanor Austriaco, Janet E. Smith, Elliott Louis Bedford, Travis Stephens & C. Ryan McCarthy - 2018 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 18 (4):647-669.
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  20.  21
    Corporate Social Responsibility: An Examination of Individual Firm Behavior.Ronald Paul Hill, Debra Stephens & Iain Smith - 2003 - Business and Society Review 108 (3):339-364.
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  21. Reconceiving Delusions.G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2004 - International Review of Psychiatry 16:236-241.
     
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  22.  42
    Does Moral Judgment Go Offline When Students Are Online? A Comparative Analysis of Undergraduates' Beliefs and Behaviors Related to Conventional and Digital Cheating.Jason M. Stephens, Michael F. Young & Thomas Calabrese - 2007 - Ethics and Behavior 17 (3):233 – 254.
    This study provides a comparative analysis of students' self-reported beliefs and behaviors related to six analogous pairs of conventional and digital forms of academic cheating. Results from an online survey of undergraduates at two universities (N = 1,305) suggest that students use conventional means more often than digital means to copy homework, collaborate when it is not permitted, and copy from others during an exam. However, engagement in digital plagiarism (cutting and pasting from the Internet) has surpassed conventional plagiarism. Students (...)
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  23.  1
    Stories as Artworks: Giving Form to Felt Dignity in Connections at Work.Jason Kanov & John Stephens - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (2):235-249.
    This paper is a conceptual essay rooted in two basic observations. First, felt dignity—the subjective sense people have of their own autonomy and self-worth—ultimately emerges from, and is thus most evident in the connective space between people. Second, stories are everyday works of art that afford unique insight into the subtle complexities of the socio-emotional realities of work. Building on these observations, we describe how personal stories about episodes of interpersonal connections and disconnections at work—moments in which we feel mutual (...)
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  24.  39
    Are Qualia a Pain in the Neck for Functionalists?George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens - 1985 - American Philosophical Quarterly 22 (January):73-80.
  25.  39
    Forces and Causes in Evolutionary Theory.Christopher Stephens - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):716-727.
  26.  24
    One True Life: The Stoics and Early Christians as Rival Traditions.William O. Stephens - 2018 - Ancient Philosophy 38 (2):477-481.
    A sloppy, smug, conceptually muddled, and tendentious Christian apologist's comparison of narrowly selected texts from Seneca, Epictetus, Marcus Aurelius, Paul, Luke, and Justin Martyr. Following Alasdair MacIntyre, Rowe defends the traditionist view according to which Spirit-enhanced ‘supernatural’ discourse is intelligible only to those on the inside of Christian faith. Rowe argues that morality and religion are abstractions. Rowe presents his translations of Seneca, Epictetus, Marcus, Paul, Luke, and Justin into modern English while also being committed to the traditionist view that (...)
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  27.  8
    What Does Ethical Treatment of a Dying Inmate Entail?Stephanie Stephens - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):58-59.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 58-59.
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  28.  20
    Kalderon, ME, 129.G. Bealer, D. Braun, G. Ebbs, C. L. Elder, A. S. Gillies, J. Jones, M. A. Khalidi, K. Levy, M. K. McGowan & C. L. Stephens - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 105 (311).
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  29.  8
    Cases of Incongruity: Exploring the Divide Between Adolescents’ Beliefs and Behavior Related to Academic Dishonesty.Jason M. Stephens & Heather Nicholson - 2008 - Educational Studies 34 (4):361-376.
    The past several decades of research has produced many important insights into prevalence and correlates of academic dishonesty. While these studies have offered important contributions to our understanding of such cheating, we are in need of research that allows us to hear what students have to say about it. This paper begins to fill the relative void of student voices by presenting results from individual interviews with a sample of adolescents who acknowledge cheating despite believing that is wrong to do (...)
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  30.  17
    An Organizational Field Approach to Corporate Rationality: The Role of Stakeholder Activism.Lenahan L. O’Connell, Carroll U. Stephens, Michael Betz, Jon M. Shepard & Jamie R. Hendry - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):93-111.
    This paper contends that rationality is more properly evaluated as a property of an organization’s relationships with its stakeholders than of the organization itself. We predicate our approach on the observation that stakeholders can hold goals quite distinct from those of owners and top managers, and these too can be rationally pursued. We build upon stakeholder theory and Weber’s classic distinction between wertrationalitat and zweckrationalitat, adding to them the “new institutionalist” concept of the organization field . Stakeholders employ a variety (...)
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  31. Mind and Mine.George Graham & G. Lynn Stephens - 1993 - In George Graham & G.L. Stephens (eds.), Philosophical Psychopathology. Cambridge: MIT Press.
  32. The Loss of Animal Companions: A Humanistic and Consumption Perspective.Ronald Paul Hill & Debra Lynn Stephens - 1996 - Society and Animals 4 (2):189-210.
    This research project examines the dispossession of animal companions by loving owners. The results of two data collections reveal six highly interrelated themes: Love and Friendship, Joy in Life versus Sorrow in Death, Pets as Family Members, Vividness of Unexpected Death, Good-bye Rituals, and Return to Nature. The article closes with a brief discussion of the implications of these themes for service providers and for the education of potential pet owners.
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  33. The Delusional Stance.G. Lynn Stephens & George Graham - 2007 - In Man Cheung Chung, K. W. M. Fulford & George Graham (eds.), Reconceiving Schizophrenia. Oxford University Press.
  34.  18
    Business Ethics: A Synthesis of Normative Philosophy and Empirical Social Science.Carroll Underwood Stephens - 1994 - Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):145-155.
    A synthesis of the two theoretical bases of business ethics-normative philosophy and descriptive social science-is called for. Examples from the literature are used to demonstrate that to ignore the descriptive aspects of moral behavior is to risk unreal philosophy, and that to ignore the normative aspects is to risk amoral social science. Business ethics is portrayed as a single unified field, in which fact-value distinctions are inappropriate.
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  35.  43
    Corporate Citizenship in Japan: Survey Results From Japanese Firms. [REVIEW]Arie Y. Lewin, Tomoaki Sakano, Carroll U. Stephens & Bart Victor - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (2):83 - 101.
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  36. 7 Walter Benjamin.Angharad Closs Stephens - 2009 - In Jenny Edkins & Nick Vaughan-Williams (eds.), Critical Theorists and International Relations. Routledge.
     
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  37.  18
    Distributed Cognition and the Will: Individual Volition and Social Context.David Spurrett, Don Ross, Harold Kincaid & Lynn Stephens (eds.) - 2007 - MIT Press.
    Philosophers and behavioral scientists discuss what, if anything, of the traditionalconcept of individual conscious will can survive recent scientific discoveries that humandecision-making is distributed across different brain processes and ...
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  38.  15
    Varieties of Testimony: Children’s Selective Learning in Semantic Versus Episodic Domains.Elizabeth C. Stephens & Melissa A. Koenig - 2015 - Cognition 137:182-188.
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  39.  18
    Nature, Purity, Ontology.P. H. G. Stephens - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (3):267-294.
    Standard defences of preservationism, and of the intrinsic value of nature more generally, are vulnerable to at least three objections. The first of these comes from social constructivism, the second from the claim that it is incoherent to argue that nature is both 'other' and something with which we can feel unity, whilst the third links defences of nature to authoritarian objectivism and dangerously misanthropic normative dichotomies which set pure nature against impure humanity. I argue that all these objections may (...)
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  40. Five Arguments for Vegetarianism.William O. Stephens - 1994 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 1 (4):25-39.
    Five different arguments for vegetarianism are discussed: the system of meat production deprives poor people of food to provide meat for the wealthy, thus violating the principle of distributive justice; the world livestock industry causes great and manifold ecological destruction; meat-eating cultures and societal oppression of women are intimately linked and so feminism and vegetarianism must both be embraced to transform our patriarchal culture; both utilitarian and rights-based reasoning lead to the conclusion that raising and slaughtering animals is immoral, and (...)
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  41.  16
    The Place of Ethics in Business: Shifting Paradigms?Jon M. Shepard, Jon Shepard, James C. Wimbush & Carroll U. Stephens - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):577-601.
    This article uses concepts from sociology, history, and philosophy to explore the shifting relationship between moral values and business in the Western world. We examine the historical roots and intellectual underpinnings of two major business-society paradigms in ideal-type terms. In pre-industrial Western society, we argue that business activity was linked to society’s values of morality . Armed with this understanding of the intellectual history of the moral unity and amoral business-society paradigms, we suggest that some variant of the moral unity (...)
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  42.  54
    Confucianism, Pragmatism, and Socially Beneficial Philosophy.Daniel J. Stephens - 2009 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 36 (1):53-67.
  43.  56
    Rewriting the Soul: Multiple Personality and the Sciences of Memory. Ian Hacking.Lynn Stephens - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (1):185-187.
  44.  45
    Toward a Jamesian Environmental Philosophy.Piers H. G. Stephens - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (3):227-244.
    William James’s radical empiricism and pragmatism constitutes a philosophy that can reconcile the split between intrinsic value theorists, who stress the development and relevance of theoretical axiology, and pragmatists who have favored a more direct emphasis on environmental policy and application. By distinguishing James’s emphasis on direct personal experience from John Dewey’s more socialized approach, James’s distinctive emphasis on the transformative possibilities of pure experience and his links to romantic sensibility enable us to articulate and validate the noninstrumental aspects of (...)
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  45.  14
    The Place of Ethics in Business: Shifting Paradigms?Jon M. Shepard, Jon Shepard, James C. Wimbush & Carroll U. Stephens - 1995 - Business Ethics Quarterly 5 (3):577-601.
    This article uses concepts from sociology, history, and philosophy to explore the shifting relationship between moral values and business in the Western world. We examine the historical roots and intellectual underpinnings of two major business-society paradigms in ideal-type terms. In pre-industrial Western society, we argue that business activity was linked to society’s values of morality (the moral unity paradigm}-for good or for ill. With the rise of industrialism, we contend that business was freed from moral constraints by the alleged “invisible (...)
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  46. Nietzsche: The Resurrection of Parts.Anthony Stephens - 1986 - Thesis Eleven 13 (1):94-109.
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  47.  9
    Reframing HIV Stigma and Fear.Caitlyn D. Placek, Holly Nishimura, Natalie Hudanick, Dionne Stephens & Purnima Madhivanan - 2019 - Human Nature 30 (1):1-22.
    HIV stigma and fears surrounding the disease pose a challenge for public health interventions, particularly those that target pregnant women. In order to reduce stigma and improve the lives of vulnerable populations, researchers have recognized a need to integrate different types of support at various levels. To better inform HIV interventions, the current study draws on social-ecological and evolutionary theories of reproduction to predict stigma and fear of contracting HIV among pregnant women in South India. The aims of this study (...)
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  48.  75
    Simplicius. On Epictetus’ Handbook 1–26. [REVIEW]William O. Stephens - 2004 - Ancient Philosophy 24 (2):519-523.
  49.  86
    Metabolic Theories of Whipple Disease.Oscar Morice, Mathew Elameer, Mina Arsanious, Helen Stephens, Eleanor Soutter, Thomas Hughes & Brendan Clarke - manuscript
    Whipple disease is a rare, infectious, disease first described from a single case by Whipple in 1907. As well as characterising the clinical and pathological features of the condition, Whipple made two suggestions regarding its aetiology. These were either than the disease was caused by an infectious agent, or that it was of metabolic origin. As the disease is now thought to be caused by infection with the bacterium Tropheryma whipplei, historical reviews of the history of the disease typically mention (...)
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  50.  6
    Seeing Double: Intercultural Politics in Ptolemaic Alexandria.Arthur Verhoogt & Susan A. Stephens - 2004 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 124 (2):368.
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