Results for 'Dallas Lie Ouren'

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  1.  24
    Emerson’s Anti-Slavery Writings. [REVIEW]Dallas L. Ouren - 1997 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 25 (77):26-27.
  2.  15
    Emerson and Skepticism: The Cipher of the World. [REVIEW]Dallas L. Ouren - 1992 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 20 (62):44-45.
  3.  25
    Words and Life.Dallas L. Ouren - 1994 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 22 (69):23-25.
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  4.  9
    Emerson on the Scholar.Dallas Ouren - 1993 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 21 (65):24-25.
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  5.  14
    Founders of Constructive Postmodern Philosophy.Dallas Ouren - 1995 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 23 (72):12-13.
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  6.  4
    Pragmatism: From Progessivism to Postmodernism. [REVIEW]Dallas Ouren - 1996 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 24 (74):17-18.
  7.  9
    Pragmatism.Dallas Ouren - 1996 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 24 (74):17-18.
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  8. Paideia.Dallas L. Ouren - forthcoming - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association.
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  9.  20
    Priority Setting in Health Care: Lessons From the Experiences of Eight Countries.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - unknown
    All health care systems face problems of justice and efficiency related to setting priorities for allocating a limited pool of resources to a population. Because many of the central issues are the same in all systems, the United States and other countries can learn from the successes and failures of countries that have explicitly addressed the question of health care priorities. We review explicit priority setting efforts in Norway, Sweden, Israel, the Netherlands, Denmark, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and the (...)
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  10.  29
    The Standard of Care Debate: The Declaration of Helsinki Versus the International Consensus Opinion.R. K. Lie - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):190-193.
    The World Medical Association’s revised Declaration of Helsinki endorses the view that all trial participants in every country are entitled to the worldwide best standard of care. In this paper the authors show that this requirement has been rejected by every national and international committee that has examined this issue. They argue that the consensus view now holds that it is ethically permissible, in some circumstances, to provide research participants less than the worldwide best care. Finally, the authors show that (...)
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  11.  27
    Attitudes Towards Transfers of Human Tissue Samples Across Borders: An International Survey of Researchers and Policy Makers in Five Countries.Xinqing Zhang, Kenji Matsui, Benjamin Krohmal, Alaa Zeid, Vasantha Muthuswamy, Young Koo, Yoshikuni Kita & Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):16-.
    Background: Sharing of tissue samples for research and disease surveillance purposes has become increasingly important. While it is clear that this is an area of intense, international controversy, there is an absence of data about what researchers themselves and those involved in the transfer of samples think about these issues, particularly in developing countries. Methods: A survey was carried out in a number of Asian countries and in Egypt to explore what researchers and others involved in research, storage and transfer (...)
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  12.  38
    Evidence-Based Medicine as an Instrument for Rational Health Policy.Nikola Biller-Andorno, Reidar K. Lie & Ruud Ter Meulen - 2002 - Health Care Analysis 10 (3):261-275.
    This article tries to present a broad view on the values and ethicalissues that are at stake in efforts to rationalize health policy on thebasis of economic evaluations (like cost-effectiveness analysis) andrandomly controlled clinical trials. Though such a rationalization isgenerally seen as an objective and `value free' process, moral valuesoften play a hidden role, not only in the production of `evidence', butalso in the way this evidence is used in policy making. For example, thedefinition of effectiveness of medical treatment or (...)
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  13.  16
    Ethics of Placebo Controlled Trials in Developing Countries.Reidar K. Lie - 1998 - Bioethics 12 (4):307–311.
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  14.  36
    The Fair Benefits Approach Revisited.Reidar K. Lie - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (4):3-3.
    In this issue, Alex London and Kevin Zollman provide an analysis of an influential approach to the ethics of international research, known as the “fair benefits” approach. According to them, the fair benefits approach suffers from a fatal flaw: it is either too vague to be useful, or worse, is internally inconsistent. The fair benefits approach was developed based on a presentation I gave at a workshop organized in Malawi in March 2001 by the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center’s (...)
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  15.  57
    Principles Versus Procedures in Making Health Care Coverage Decisions: Addressing Inevitable Conflicts.Lindsay M. Sabik & Reidar K. Lie - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (2):73-85.
    It has been suggested that focusing on procedures when setting priorities for health care avoids the conflicts that arise when attempting to agree on principles. A prominent example of this approach is “accountability for reasonableness.” We will argue that the same problem arises with procedural accounts; reasonable people will disagree about central elements in the process. We consider the procedural condition of appeal process and three examples of conflicts over coverage decisions: a patients’ rights law in Norway, health technologies coverage (...)
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  16.  15
    Bioethical Implications of Globalization: An International Consortium Project of the European Commission.Thomas E. Novotny, Emilio Mordini, Ruth Chadwick, J. Martin Pedersen, Fabrizio Fabbri, Reidar K. Lie, Natapong Thanachaiboot, Elias Mossialos & Govin Permanand - 2006 - PLoS Med 3 (2):e43.
    The term “globalization” was popularized by Marshall McLuhan in War and Peace in the Global Village. In the book, McLuhan described how the global media shaped current events surrounding the Vietnam War [1] and also predicted how modern information and communication technologies would accelerate world progress through trade and knowledge development. Globalization now refers to a broad range of issues regarding the movement of goods and services through trade liberalization, and the movement of people through migration. Much has also been (...)
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  17.  11
    Research Ethics and Evidence Based Medicine.R. K. Lie - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):122-125.
    In this paper, the author argues that the requirement to conduct randomised clinical trials to inform policy in cases where one wants to identify a cheaper alternative to known effective but expensive interventions raises an important ethical issue. This situation will eventually arise whenever there are resource constraints, and a policy decision has been made not to fund an intervention on cost effectiveness grounds. It has been thought that this is an issue only in extremely resource poor settings. This paper (...)
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  18. The 'Borderzone Zone' Controversy a Study of Theory Structure in Biomedicine.Reidar Krummradt Lie - 1986 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 7 (3).
    This paper gives an account of theory structure in the biomedical sciences with particular emphasis on cardiology. Rather than regarding theories as axiomatizable sets of statements (the so-called received view), theories are regarded as answers to questions which are accepted as legitimate and interesting by scientists within a field of investigation at a given time. This account of theory structure is used to distinguish between theories which are quite liable to be revised during the course of scientific investigation, here called (...)
     
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  19. The Use of Interval Estimators as a Basis for Decision-Making in Medicine.Reidar K. Lie - 1984 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3).
    Decision analysts sometimes use the results of clinical trials in order to evaluate treatment alternatives. I discuss some problems associated with this, and in particular I point out that it is not valid to use the estimates from clinical trials as the probabilities of events which are needed for decision analysis. I also attempt to show that an approach based on objective statistical theory may have advantages over commonly used methods based on decision theory. These advantages include the recognition of (...)
     
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  20. Reviews. [REVIEW]Wolfgang U. Eckart, Marion Weber, Reidar Krummradt Lie & Reidar K. Lie - 1988 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 9 (3).
     
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  21. The Importance of Epistemology for Clinical Practice.Paola Cuzzani & Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 12 (1):87-90.
     
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  22.  35
    Patterns of Theory Change in Biomedicine: A Case Study From Cardiology.Reidar K. Lie - 1991 - Synthese 89 (1):75 - 88.
    This article presents a case study from the history of cardiology, namely, the development towards the acceptance of the coronary theory of angina pectoris. I show that the arguments which were considered decisive against the theory were not answered at the time the theory was accepted. I also point out that the experimental and practical success of the theory cannot be used to support the initial choice because, in the subsequent development, the field researchers became preoccupied with new questions and (...)
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  23. Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Reidar K. Lie & John Root Stone - 1989 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 10 (3).
     
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  24. Review. [REVIEW]Reidar K. Lie - 1987 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (2).
     
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  25.  7
    Truth in Philosophy.DaIIas L. Ouren - 1994 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 22 (68):26-28.
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  26.  12
    The Ethics of the Physician-Patient Relationship.Reidar Lie - 1997 - Ethical Perspectives 4 (4):263-270.
    It is a remarkable fact about the development of medical ethics from the 1960s until today that there has been a dramatic shift from a position where it was taken for granted that the physician knows best, to a position where much greater emphasis is put on the patient’s treatment preferences. This shift is evident with regard to physician attitudes towards disclosing a cancer diagnosis. For example, in 1961, a survey of cancer physicians showed that almost 90% of the physicians (...)
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  27.  4
    The Topical Notebooks of Emerson, Vol. II.D. L. Ouren - 1993 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 21 (66):23-24.
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  28.  12
    Healthy Thoughts: European Perspectives on Health Care Ethics.Reidar Krummradt Lie (ed.) - 2002 - Peeters.
    This book, edited by a team of leading European bioethicists, is in all respects an innovative publication.
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  29. The Comparative Advantages of Brain-Based Lie Detection: The P300 Concealed Information Test and Pre-Trial Bargaining.John Danaher - 2015 - International Journal of Evidence and Proof 19 (1).
    The lie detector test has long been treated with suspicion by the law. Recently, several authors have called this suspicion into question. They argue that the lie detector test may have considerable forensic benefits, particularly if we move past the classic, false-positive prone, autonomic nervous system-based (ANS-based) control question test, to the more reliable, brain-based, concealed information test. These authors typically rely on a “comparative advantage” argument to make their case. According to this argument, we should not be so suspicious (...)
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  30.  53
    Does the Lie Contradict the Truth?Urszula Wybraniec-Skardowska - 2010 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 20 (33).
    The main task of this work is not to determine the bases for a moral evaluation of the lie; neither is it to describe its negative qualification. We are interested rather in the very problemate of the truth and the lie itself, considered as a juxtaposition of two of its notions: the truth and the lie, one that aims to provide a positive – as it would seem obvious – answer to the question contained in the title of the present (...)
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  31.  18
    It’s Easier to Lie If You Believe It Yourself: Derrida, Arendt, and the Modern Lie.’.Marguerite La Caze - 2017 - Law, Culture, and the Humanities 13 (2):193-210.
    In ‘History of the Lie: Prolegomena’ (2002) Jacques Derrida examines Hannah Arendt’s analysis of the modern lie in politics in her essays ‘Lying in Politics’ (1972) and ‘Truth and Politics’ (1968/ 1993). Arendt contrasts the traditional lie, where lies were told and secrets kept for the greater good or to defeat the enemy, with the modern lie, which comprises deception and self-deception on a massive scale. My paper investigates the seriousness of different kinds of lies in political life in the (...)
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  32.  43
    The Lie of Fmri: An Examination of the Ethics of a Market in Lie Detection Using Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. [REVIEW]Amy E. White - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (3):253-266.
    In this paper, I argue that companies who use functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) scans for lie detection encounter the same basic ethical stumbling blocks as commercial companies that market traditional polygraphs. Markets in traditional voluntary polygraphs are common and fail to elicit much uproar among ethicists. Thus, for consistency, if markets in polygraphs are ethically unproblematic, markets using fMRIs for lie detection are equally as acceptable. Furthermore, while I acknowledge two substantial differences between the ethical concerns involving polygraphs and (...)
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  33.  8
    ‘Let Me See Her Face When He Kisses Her, Please’: Mediating Emotion and Locating the Melodramatic Mode in Stella Dallas.Ilka Brasch - 2015 - Film-Philosophy 19 (1):289-303.
    This article explores melodrama's capacity to evoke strong emotional responses with a focus on the ending of King Vidor's Stella Dallas. It suggests a consideration of the phenomenological concept of instrument-mediation as coined by Vivian Sobchack as a filmic structure that fosters melodrama's emotional appeal and the spectator's engagement with it. It suggests a self-reflexive element in highly emotional film scenes that inscribes the spectator's subject position into the film, thus enabling the film to impact the spectator's body. This (...)
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  34.  9
    Montage and Tableau in King Vidor's Stella Dallas.Richard Smith - 2014 - Film-Philosophy 18 (1):70-91.
    The final moments of King Vidor's melodrama, Stella Dallas is famous as a tableau of exquisite pathos and feeling. This paper examines Stanley Cavell's reading of Vidor's tableau of an unknown woman in relation to Linda Williams's earlier feminist reading, it examines Cavell's dispute with Williams and seeks to offer a different reading of the film that takes the contemporary art historical discourse about tableau as its guide, and comes to the conclusion that Vidor's tableau anticipates the 'return to (...)
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  35.  12
    Post-Truth and Lie. Variations on Hannah Arendt.Francisco Javier Ansuátegui Roig - forthcoming - Governare la Paura. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies:19.
    The essay reflects on the harmful effect that recourse to post-truth supposes for democracy. Taking Hannah Arendt's thought as a reference, the Author analyzes the role that truth plays in the political sphere and the recourse to lying as a mode of domination by totalitarian political systems where reality constitutes an uncomfortable fact. Opposite with these systems, democracies try to preserve the autonomy of citizens to shape their political preferences, in a context dominated by reason and truth, against the deformations (...)
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  36.  8
    Protection From the Lie and Protection of Truth Between Philosophy and Law.Corrado Del Bò - forthcoming - Governare la Paura. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies:93.
    In the era of fake news, truth has become a different and more urgent political problem than the traditional issues of the arcana imperii and the lies of the rulers. Starting from this observation, and deepening some considerations contained in the essay by Hannah Arendt Thruth and Politics, the article offers a worried report on the possibility of truth not to be reduced to mere opinion among others, and concludes that only a loyal collaboration between epistemic authorities and politics can (...)
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  37.  39
    Neural Lie Detection, Criterial Change, and OrdinaryLanguage.Thomas Nadelhoffer - 2011 - Neuroethics 4 (3):205-213.
    Michael Pardo and Dennis Patterson have recently put forward several provocative and stimulating criticisms that strike at the heart of much work that has been done at the crossroads of neuroscience and the law. My goal in this essay is to argue that their criticisms of the nascent but growing field of neurolaw are ultimately based on questionable assumptions concerning the nature of the ever evolving relationship between scientific discovery and ordinary language. For while the marriage between ordinary language and (...)
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  38.  9
    The Nature of Errors in Experimental Lie Detection.D. Van Buskirk & F. L. Marcuse - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (3):187.
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  39. How the Laws of Physics Lie.Nancy Cartwright - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
    In this sequence of philosophical essays about natural science, the author argues that fundamental explanatory laws, the deepest and most admired successes of modern physics, do not in fact describe regularities that exist in nature. Cartwright draws from many real-life examples to propound a novel distinction: that theoretical entities, and the complex and localized laws that describe them, can be interpreted realistically, but the simple unifying laws of basic theory cannot.
  40. On a Supposed Right to Lie From Philanthropy.Helga Varden - forthcoming - In Julian Wuerth (ed.), The Cambridge Kant Lexicon.
    Lexicon entry on Kant's Essay "On a Supposed Right to Lie from Philanthropy.".
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  41. Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals: With on a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns.Immanuel Kant - 1993 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    This expanded edition of James Ellington’s preeminent translation includes Ellington’s new translation of Kant’s essay Of a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns in which Kant replies to one of the standard objections to his moral theory as presented in the main text: that it requires us to tell the truth even in the face of disastrous consequences.
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  42. Can You Lie Without Intending to Deceive?Vladimir Krstić - 2019 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 100 (2):642–660.
    This article defends the view that liars need not intend to deceive. I present common objections to this view in detail and then propose a case of a liar who can lie but who cannot deceive in any relevant sense. I then modify this case to get a situation in which this person lies intending to tell his hearer the truth and he does this by way of getting the hearer to recognize his intention to tell the truth by lying. (...)
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  43. Just Go Ahead and Lie.J. Saul - 2012 - Analysis 72 (1):3-9.
    The view that lying is morally worse than merely misleading is a very natural one, which has had many prominent defenders. Nonetheless, here I will argue that it is misguided: holding all else fixed, acts of mere misleading are not morally preferable to acts of lying, and successful lying is not morally worse than merely deliberately misleading. In fact, except in certain very special contexts, I will suggest that – when faced with a felt need to deceive – we might (...)
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  44. Better Lie!Clea F. Rees - unknown
    I argue that lying is generally morally better than mere deliberate misleading because the latter involves the exploitation of a greater trust and more seriously abuses our willingness to fulfil epistemic and moral obligations to others. Whereas the liar relies on our figuring out and accepting only what is asserted, the mere deliberate misleader depends on our actively inferring meaning beyond what is said in the form of conversational implicatures as well. When others’ epistemic and moral obligations are determined by (...)
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  45. On a Supposed Right to Lie Because of Philanthropic Concerns.Immanuel Kant - unknown
    "The moral principle stating that it is a duty to tell the truth would make any society impossible if that principle were taken singly and unconditionally. We have proof of this in the very direct consequences which a German philosopher has drawn from this principle. This philosopher goes as far as to assert that it would be a crime to tell a lie to a murderer who asked whether our friend who is being pursued by the murderer had taken refuge (...)
     
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  46.  39
    Why Physicians Ought to Lie for Their Patients.Nicolas Tavaglione & Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):4-12.
    Sometimes physicians lie to third-party payers in order to grant their patients treatment they would otherwise not receive. This strategy, commonly known as gaming the system, is generally condemned for three reasons. First, it may hurt the patient for the sake of whom gaming was intended. Second, it may hurt other patients. Third, it offends contractual and distributive justice. Hence, gaming is considered to be immoral behavior. This article is an attempt to show that, on the contrary, gaming may sometimes (...)
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  47. Why Shouldn't I Lie? Ten Preliminaries.Shahrar Ali - 2011 - Ethical Record 116 (10):6-10.
    I introduce the reader to the character and complexity of lying, in terms of how the lie should be defined as a particular type of intentionally deceptive utterance, whether or not the deceiver succeeded in that aim, and examine how we might usefully avoid prejudging the justifiability of the lying utterance when compared to alternative forms of intentional deception and the overall outcome sought.
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  48.  9
    ‘Supposing That Truth is a Woman, What Then?’: The Lie Detector, the Love Machine, and the Logic of Fantasy.Geoffrey C. Bunn - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (5):135-163.
    One of the consequences of the public outcry over the 1929 St Valentine’s Day massacre was the establishment of a Scientific Crime Detection Laboratory at Northwestern University. The photogenic ‘Lie Detector Man’, Leonarde Keeler, was the laboratory’s poster boy, and his instrument the jewel in the crown of forensic science. The press often depicted Keeler gazing at a female suspect attached to his ‘sweat box’, a galvanometer electrode in her hand, a sphygmomanometer cuff on her arm and a rubber pneumograph (...)
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  49.  23
    Type-Definability, Compact Lie Groups, and o-Minimality.Anand Pillay - 2004 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 4 (02):147-162.
    We study type-definable subgroups of small index in definable groups, and the structure on the quotient, in first order structures. We raise some conjectures in the case where the ambient structure is o-minimal. The gist is that in this o-minimal case, any definable group G should have a smallest type-definable subgroup of bounded index, and that the quotient, when equipped with the logic topology, should be a compact Lie group of the "right" dimension. I give positive answers to the conjectures (...)
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  50.  42
    To Lie or Not to Lie? The Influence of Parenting and Theory-of-Mind Understanding on Three-Year-Old Children’s Honesty.Fengling Ma, Angela D. Evans, Ying Liu, Xianming Luo & Fen Xu - 2015 - Journal of Moral Education 44 (2):198-212.
    Prior studies have demonstrated that social-cognitive factors such as children’s false-belief understanding and parenting style are related to children’s lie-telling behaviors. The present study aimed to investigate how earlier forms of theory-of-mind understanding contribute to children’s lie-telling as well as how parenting practices are related to children’s antisocial lie-telling behaviors. Seventy-three three-year-olds from Hangzhou, P. R. China were asked not to peek at a toy in the experimenter’s absence. The majority of children who peeked, lied about it. Children’s lies were (...)
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