Search results for 'Danièle Dubois' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  14
    Gina Bravo, Marcel Arcand, Danièle Blanchette, Anne-Marie Boire-Lavigne, Marie-France Dubois, Maryse Guay, Paule Hottin, Julie Lane, Judith Lauzon & Suzanne Bellemare (2012). Promoting Advance Planning for Health Care and Research Among Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):1.
    Background: Family members are often required to act as substitute decision-makers when health care or research participation decisions must be made for an incapacitated relative. Yet most families are unable to accurately predict older adult preferences regarding future health care and willingness to engage in research studies. Discussion and documentation of preferences could improve proxies' abilities to decide for their loved ones. This trial assesses the efficacy of an advance planning intervention in improving the accuracy of substitute decision-making and increasing (...)
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  2.  14
    Gina Bravo, Lise Trottier, Marie-France Dubois, Marcel Arcand, Danièle Blanchette, Anne-Marie Boire-Lavigne, Maryse Guay, Paule Hottin, Julie Lane, Suzanne Bellemare & Karen Painter (forthcoming). Does Promoting Research Advance Planning in A General Elderly Population Enhance Completion of A Research Directive and Proxies' Predictive Ability? A Randomized Controlled Trial. Ajob Empirical Bioethics:00-00.
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  3.  30
    Daniele Dubois (1994). Identity and Autonomy of Psychology in Cognitive Sciences: Some Remarks From Language Processing and Knowledge Representation. World Futures 42 (1):71-78.
    (1994). Identity and autonomy of psychology in cognitive sciences: Some remarks from language processing and knowledge representation. World Futures: Vol. 42, No. 1-2, pp. 71-78.
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  4.  8
    Danièle Dubois (1997). Cultural Beliefs as Nontrivial Constraints on Categorization: Evidence From Colors and Odors. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):188-188.
    The following provides further arguments for the nonuniversality of color as an autonomous dimension. Research on odors suggests that there are cultural constraints on the abstraction of dimensions for objects. Color vision analysis leads to an overemphasis on the role of perceptual processes in categorization. The study of odors points to human activities as a more important principle of categorization that drives the perceptual processing and suggests a reconsideration of vision itself.
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  5. Pierre Dubois (1989). Essays on Berkeley: A Tercentennial Celebration. History of European Ideas 10 (5):603-605.
    This book-review was written by Professor Pierre Dubois just before his untimely death. The Editors are grateful to his wife, Dr Elfrieda Dubois, for preparing the text for publication in History of European Ideas.
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  6.  8
    W. E. B. DuBois, The Souls of Black Folk.
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  7. Florian Cova, Maxime Bertoux, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Bruno Dubois (2012). Judgments About Moral Responsibility and Determinism in Patients with Behavioural Variant of Frontotemporal Dementia: Still Compatibilists. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):851-864.
    Do laypeople think that moral responsibility is compatible with determinism? Recently, philosophers and psychologists trying to answer this question have found contradictory results: while some experiments reveal people to have compatibilist intuitions, others suggest that people could in fact be incompatibilist. To account for this contradictory answers, Nichols and Knobe (2007) have advanced a ‘performance error model’ according to which people are genuine incompatibilist that are sometimes biased to give compatibilist answers by emotional reactions. To test for this hypothesis, we (...)
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  8.  18
    James M. DuBois, John T. Chibnall, Raymond C. Tait, Jillon S. Vander Wal, Kari A. Baldwin, Alison L. Antes & Michael D. Mumford (2016). Professional Decision-Making in Research : The Validity of a New Measure. Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (2):391-416.
    In this paper, we report on the development and validity of the Professional Decision-Making in Research measure, a vignette-based test that examines decision-making strategies used by investigators when confronted with challenging situations in the context of empirical research. The PDR was administered online with a battery of validity measures to a group of NIH-funded researchers and research trainees who were diverse in terms of age, years of experience, types of research, and race. The PDR demonstrated adequate reliability and parallel form (...)
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  9.  14
    Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (2012). From Blanché's Hexagonal Organization of Concepts to Formal Concept Analysis and Possibility Theory. Logica Universalis 6 (1-2):149-169.
    The paper first introduces a cube of opposition that associates the traditional square of opposition with the dual square obtained by Piaget’s reciprocation. It is then pointed out that Blanché’s extension of the square-of-opposition structure into an conceptual hexagonal structure always relies on an abstract tripartition. Considering quadripartitions leads to organize the 16 binary connectives into a regular tetrahedron. Lastly, the cube of opposition, once interpreted in modal terms, is shown to account for a recent generalization of formal concept analysis, (...)
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  10. Gregory Izatt, Julien Dubois, Nathan Faivre & Christof Koch (2014). A Direct Comparison of Unconscious Face Processing Under Masking and Interocular Suppression. Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  11.  6
    Aniruddh D. Patel & Joseph R. Daniele (2003). An Empirical Comparison of Rhythm in Language and Music. Cognition 87 (1):B35-B45.
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  12.  12
    J. M. Dubois (2010). The Ethics of Creating and Responding to Doubts About Death Criteria. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 35 (3):365-380.
    Expressing doubts about death criteria can serve healthy purposes, but can also cause a number of harms, including decreased organ donation rates and distress for donor families and health care staff. This paper explores the various causes of doubts about death criteria—including religious beliefs, misinformation, mistrust, and intellectual questions—and recommends responses to each of these. Some recommended responses are relatively simple and noncontroversial, such as providing accurate information. However, other responses would require significant changes to the way we currently do (...)
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  13.  4
    W. E. B. DuBois, Darkwater; Voices From Within the Veil.
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  14.  24
    Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (1997). Some Syntactic Approaches to the Handling of Inconsistent Knowledge Bases: A Comparative Study Part 1: The Flat Case. Studia Logica 58 (1):17-45.
    This paper presents and discusses several methods for reasoning from inconsistent knowledge bases. A so-called argued consequence relation, taking into account the existence of consistent arguments in favour of a conclusion and the absence of consistent arguments in favour of its contrary, is particularly investigated. Flat knowledge bases, i.e., without any priority between their elements, are studied under different inconsistency-tolerant consequence relations, namely the so-called argumentative, free, universal, existential, cardinality-based, and paraconsistent consequence relations. The syntax-sensitivity of these consequence relations is (...)
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  15.  17
    James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher (2011). Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases. Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
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  16.  23
    Ayanna K. Thomas, John B. Bulevich & Stacey J. Dubois (2012). An Analysis of the Determinants of the Feeling of Knowing. Consciousness and Cognition 21 (4):1681-1694.
    Research has demonstrated that feeling-of-knowing judgments are affected by the amount of accessible information related to an inaccessible target. Further, studies have demonstrated that, in some situations, FOK judgment magnitude is not only related to the amount of accessed features, but also the correctness of those features . The present study examined the conditions under which the correctness of features would influence FOK judgment magnitude. We hypothesized that accuracy of retrieved features would influence FOK judgments, but only in situations where (...)
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  17. W. E. Burghardt DuBois (1904). The Development of a People. International Journal of Ethics 14 (3):292-311.
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  18.  7
    James M. DuBois, John T. Chibnall & John Gibbs (2016). Compliance Disengagement in Research: Development and Validation of a New Measure. Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):965-988.
    In the world of research, compliance with research regulations is not the same as ethics, but it is closely related. One could say that compliance is how most societies with advanced research programs operationalize many ethical obligations. This paper reports on the development of the How I Think about Research questionnaire, which is an adaptation of the How I Think questionnaire that examines the use of cognitive distortions to justify antisocial behaviors. Such an adaptation was justified based on a review (...)
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  19. Davide Ciucci & Didier Dubois (2012). Three-Valued Logics for Incomplete Information and Epistemic Logic. In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 147--159.
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  20.  29
    Bertrand Thirion, Edouard Duchesnay, Edward M. Hubbard, Jessica Dubois, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Denis Lebihan & Stanislas Dehaene (2006). Inverse Retinotopy: Inferring the Visual Content of Images From Brain Activation Patterns. NeuroImage 33 (4):1104-1116.
  21.  10
    James M. DuBois (2011). Dead Tired of Repetitious Debates About Death Criteria. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):45-47.
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  22. Page DuBois (1991). Torture and Truth. Routledge.
     
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  23.  27
    Monica Bucciarelli & Margherita Daniele (2014). Reasoning in Moral Conflicts. Thinking and Reasoning 21 (3):265-294.
    Following the assumptions of the mental model theory and its account of moral judgements, we argue for a main role of reasoning in moral judgements, especially in dealing with moral conflicts. In four experiments, we invited adult participants to evaluate scenarios describing moral or immoral actions. Our results confirm the predictions deriving from our assumptions: Given a moral or immoral scenario, the manipulation of the propositions which refer to norms and values results in a scenario eliciting a moral conflict ; (...)
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  24.  19
    Jean-François Bonnefon, Didier Dubois, Hélène Fargier & Sylvie Leblois (2008). Qualitative Heuristics For Balancing the Pros and Cons. Theory and Decision 65 (1):71-95.
    Balancing the pros and cons of two options is undoubtedly a very appealing decision procedure, but one that has received scarce scientific attention so far, either formally or empirically. We describe a formal framework for pros and cons decisions, where the arguments under consideration can be of varying importance, but whose importance cannot be precisely quantified. We then define eight heuristics for balancing these pros and cons, and compare the predictions of these to the choices made by 62 human participants (...)
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  25. E. Belin-Ferré & J. -M. Dubois (2008). Experimental Evidence of the Formation of D-Like States Near the Fermi Energy in Complex Metallic Alloys. Philosophical Magazine 88 (13-15):2163-2170.
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  26.  97
    Laurent Dubois (2013). ""Lambda Theory: Introduction of a Constant for" Nothing" Into Set Theory, a Model of Consistency and Most Noticeable Conclusions. Logique Et Analyse 222:165-181.
    The purpose of this article is to present several immediate consequences of the introduction of a new constant called Lambda in order to represent the object ``nothing" or ``void" into a standard set theory. The use of Lambda will appear natural thanks to its role of condition of possibility of sets. On a conceptual level, the use of Lambda leads to a legitimation of the empty set and to a redefinition of the notion of set. It lets also clearly appear (...)
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  27.  16
    James M. DuBois (2004). Is Compliance a Professional Virtue of Researchers? Reflections on Promoting the Responsible Conduct of Research. Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):383 – 395.
    Evidence exists that behavioral and social science researchers have been frustrated with regulations and institutional review boards (IRBs) from the 1970s through today. Making matters worse, many human participants protection instruction programs - now mandated by IRBs - offer inadequate reasons why researchers should comply with regulations and IRBs. Promoting compliance either for its own sake or to avoid penalties is contrary to the developmental aims of moral education and may be ineffective in fostering the responsible conduct of research. This (...)
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  28.  2
    Emily E. Anderson & James M. DuBois (2012). IRB Decision-Making with Imperfect Knowledge: A Framework for Evidence-Based Research Ethics Review. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (4):951-969.
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  29.  39
    Lorenzini Daniele (2010). Sainte-Beuve, Tocqueville e la religione della libertà. In Olivia Catanorchi & David Ragazzoni (eds.), Il Destino Della Democrazia: Attualità di Tocqueville. Edizioni di Storia E Letteratura. pp. 43--61.
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  30.  2
    M. Dubois (forthcoming). > : Theorie de lacteur-reseau et le probleme Des generations scientifiques. Social Science Information.
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  31.  9
    Julien Dubois & Ralph Adolphs (2016). Building a Science of Individual Differences From fMRI. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (6):425-443.
  32. M. Sales, A. Merstallinger, P. Brunet, M. C. de Weerd, V. Khare, G. Traxler & J. M. Dubois (2006). Cold Welding and Fretting Tests on Quasicrystals and Related Compounds. Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):965-970.
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  33. S. Alarcón Villaseca, J. -M. Dubois & É Gaudry (2011). First-Principles Study of Low-Index Surfaces of the Al5Co2complex Metallic Alloy. Philosophical Magazine 91 (19-21):2894-2903.
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  34. C. Tromas, P. Villechaise, V. Gauthier-Brunet & S. Dubois (2011). Slip Line Analysis Around Nanoindentation Imprints in Ti3SnC2: A New Insight Into Plasticity of MAX-Phase Materials. Philosophical Magazine 91 (7-9):1265-1275.
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  35.  29
    J. M. Dubois (2008). Is Anesthesia Intrinsically Wrong? On Moral Absolutes and Natural Law Methodology. Christian Bioethics 14 (2):206-216.
    This article engages two fundamentally different kinds of so-called natural law arguments in favor of specific moral absolutes: Elizabeth Anscombe's claim that certain actions are known to be intrinsically wrong through intuition (or mystical perceptions), and John Finnis's claim that such actions are known to be wrong because they involve acting directly against a basic human good. Both authors maintain, for example, that murder and contraceptive sexual acts are known to be wrong, always and everywhere, through their respective epistemological lens. (...)
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  36.  3
    James M. DuBois (2009). Increasing Rates of Organ Donation: Exploring the Institute of Medicine's Boldest Recommendation. Journal of Clinical Ethics 20 (1):13.
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  37.  6
    W. E. B. DuBois, The Conservation of Races.
    This chapter presents an essay by W. E. B. Du Bois that deals with the issue of race. He raises questions such as: What is the real meaning of race. What has, in the past, been the law of race development? What lessons has the past history of race development to teach the rising Negro people? He describes the American Negro Academy, which aims at once to be the epitome and expression of the intellect of the black-blooded people of America, (...)
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  38.  17
    James M. DuBois (1999). Non-Heart-Beating Organ Donation: A Defense of the Required Determination of Death. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 27 (2):126-136.
    The family of a patient who is unconscious and respirator-dependent has made a decision to discontinue medical treatment. The patient had signed a donor card. The family wants to respect this decision, and agrees to non-heart-beating organ donation. Consequently, as the patient is weaned from the ventilator, he is prepped for organ explantation. Two minutes after the patient goes into cardiac arrest, he is declared dead and the transplant team arrives to begin organ procurement. At the time retrieval begins, it (...)
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  39. Maria D. Sera, Chryle Elieff, James Forbes, Melissa Clark Burch, Wanda Rodríguez & Diane Poulin Dubois (2002). When Language Affects Cognition and When It Does Not: An Analysis of Grammatical Gender and Classification. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (3):377-397.
  40.  2
    Didier Dubois & Henri Prade (2009). Accepted Beliefs, Revision and Bipolarity in the Possibilistic Framework. In Franz Huber & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Degrees of Belief. Springer. pp. 161--184.
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  41.  4
    James DuBois (2009). Adolf Reinach. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  42.  2
    James DuBois (2009). What Counts as Empirical Research in Bioethics and Where Do We Find the Stuff? American Journal of Bioethics 9 (6):70-72.
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  43.  16
    James DuBois (2007). Avoiding Common Pitfalls in the Determination of Death. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 7 (3):545-550.
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  44.  31
    Salem Benferhat, Didier Dubois, Henri Prade & Mary-Anne Williams (2002). A Practical Approach to Revising Prioritized Knowledge Bases. Studia Logica 70 (1):105-130.
    This paper investigates simple syntactic methods for revising prioritized belief bases, that are semantically meaningful in the frameworks of possibility theory and of Spohn''s ordinal conditional functions. Here, revising prioritized belief bases amounts to conditioning a distribution function on interpretations. The input information leading to the revision of a knowledge base can be sure or uncertain. Different types of scales for priorities are allowed: finite vs. infinite, numerical vs. ordinal. Syntactic revision is envisaged here as a process which transforms a (...)
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  45.  45
    Didier Dubois, Petr Hájek & Henri Prade (2000). Knowledge-Driven Versus Data-Driven Logics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (1):65--89.
    The starting point of this work is the gap between two distinct traditions in information engineering: knowledge representation and data - driven modelling. The first tradition emphasizes logic as a tool for representing beliefs held by an agent. The second tradition claims that the main source of knowledge is made of observed data, and generally does not use logic as a modelling tool. However, the emergence of fuzzy logic has blurred the boundaries between these two traditions by putting forward fuzzy (...)
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  46.  15
    Frederick T. Travis, Alarik T. Arenander & D. DuBois (2004). Psychological and Physiological Characteristics of a Proposed Object-Referral/Self-Referral Continuum of Self-Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (2):401-420.
    This research extends and confirms recent brainwave findings that distinguished an individual’s sense-of-self along an Object-referral/Self-referral Continuum of self-awareness. Subjects were interviewed and were given tests measuring inner/outer orientation, moral reasoning, anxiety, and personality. Scores on the psychological tests were factor analyzed. The first unrotated PCA component of the test scores yielded a “Consciousness Factor,” analogous to the intelligence “g” factor, which accounted for over half of the variance among groups. Analysis of unstructured interviews of these subjects revealed fundamentally different (...)
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  47. E. Belin-Ferré, M. -F. Fontaine, J. Thirion, S. Kameoka, A. P. Tsai & J. M. Dubois (2006). Electronic Structure of Leached Al–Cu–Fe Quasicrystals Used as Catalysts. Philosophical Magazine 86 (3-5):687-692.
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  48. V. Demange, J. Ghanbaja & J. M. Dubois (2006). Electron Microscopy Study of Approximant Phases in the Al–Cr–Fe System. Philosophical Magazine 86 (3-5):469-474.
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  49. J. -M. Dubois, M. -C. de Weerd, J. Brenner, M. Sales, G. Mozdzen, A. Merstallinger & E. Belin-Ferré (2006). Surface Energy of Complex – and Simple – Metallic Compounds as Derived From Friction Test in Vacuum. Philosophical Magazine 86 (6-8):797-805.
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  50. S. Kenzari, P. Weisbecker, G. Geandier, V. Fournee & J. M. Dubois (2006). Influence of Oxidation Ofi-AlCuFeB Particles on the Formation of Al-Based Composites Prepared by Solid State Sintering. Philosophical Magazine 86 (3-5):287-292.
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