41 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Daniel Brudney [41]Daniel Philip Brudney [1]
See also
Daniel Brudney
University of Chicago
  1. Agency and authenticity: Which value grounds patient choice?Daniel Brudney & John Lantos - 2011 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 32 (4):217-227.
    In current American medical practice, autonomy is assumed to be more valuable than human life: if a patient autonomously refuses lifesaving treatment, the doctors are supposed to let him die. In this paper we discuss two values that might be at stake in such clinical contexts. Usually, we hear only of autonomy and best interests. However, here, autonomy is ambiguous between two concepts—concepts that are tied to different values and to different philosophical traditions. In some cases, the two values (that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  2.  66
    Marx's attempt to leave philosophy.Daniel Brudney - 1998 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Rather, in all the texts of this period Marx tries to mount a compelling critique of the present while altogether avoiding the dilemmas central to philosophy in ...
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  3.  53
    Choosing for Another: Beyond Autonomy and Best Interests.Daniel Brudney - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (2):31-37.
    According to bioethics orthodoxy, the question, “What would the patient choose?” is a question about the patient's autonomy. is at stake. In fact, what underpins the moral force of that question is a value different from either autonomy or best interests. This is the value of doing things in a way that is authentic to the person.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   28 citations  
  4.  31
    Beyond Autonomy and Best Interests.Daniel Brudney - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 39 (2):31-37.
    According to bioethics orthodoxy, the question, “What would the patient choose?” is a question about the patient's autonomy. is at stake. In fact, what underpins the moral force of that question is a value different from either autonomy or best interests. This is the value of doing things in a way that is authentic to the person.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  5.  17
    The Philosophy of Recognition: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives.Frederick Neuhouser, Jay M. Bernstein, Michael Quante, Ludwig Siep, Terry Pinkard, Daniel Brudney, Andreas Wildt, Nancy Fraser, Axel Honneth, Emmanuel Renault, Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch, Jean-Philippe Deranty & Arto Laitinen - 2009 - Lexington Books.
    Edited by Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch & Christopher Zurn. This volume collects original, cutting-edge essays on the philosophy of recognition by international scholars eminent in the field. By considering the topic of recognition as addressed by both classical and contemporary authors, the volume explores the connections between historical and contemporary recognition research and makes substantive contributions to the further development of contemporary theories of recognition.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  6. Marx’s Attempt to Leave Philosophy.Daniel Brudney - 1998 - Science and Society 66 (2):282-287.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  7.  28
    The Different Moral Bases of Patient and Surrogate Decision‐Making.Daniel Brudney - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (1):37-41.
    My topic is a problem with our practice of surrogate decision-making in health care, namely, the problem of the surrogate who is not doing her job—the surrogate who cannot be reached or the surrogate who seems to refuse to understand or to be unable to understand the clinical situation. The analysis raises a question about the surrogate who simply disagrees with the medical team. One might think that such a surrogate is doing her job—the team just doesn't like how she (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  8.  98
    Lord Jim and moral judgment: Literature and moral philosophy.Daniel Brudney - 1998 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (3):265-281.
  9.  83
    Are alcoholics less deserving of liver transplants?Daniel Brudney - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (1):41-47.
    When does behavior trigger a lesser claim to medical resources? When does chronic drinking, for example, mean that one has a lesser claim to a liver transplant? Only when one's behavior becomes a callous indifference to others' needs—when one knows the consequences of heavy drinking and knows that by drinking one may end up depriving someone else of a liver.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  10.  23
    On Productivity Holism.Daniel Brudney - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):1092-1109.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  11.  98
    Two Types of Civic Friendship.Daniel Brudney - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (4):729-743.
    Among the tasks of modern political philosophy is to develop a favored conception of the relations among modern citizens, among people who can know little or nothing of one another individually and yet are deeply reciprocally dependent. One might think of this as developing a favored conception of civic friendship. In this essay I sketch two candidate conceptions. The first derives from the Kantian tradition, the second from the 1844 Marx. I present the two conceptions and then describe similarities and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  12.  31
    On Noncoercive Establishment.Daniel Brudney - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (6):812-839.
    In this essay, I raise the question of whether some degree of noncoercive state support for religious conceptions (broadly understood) should be left to the majoritarian branch ofgovernment. I argue that the reason not to do so is that such state support would alienate many citizens. However to take this as a sufficient reason to constrain the majoritarian branch is to accept the thesis that not being alienated from one's polity is a significant part of the human good. Those who (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  13.  99
    Hypothetical consent and moral force.Daniel Brudney - 1991 - Law and Philosophy 10 (3):235 - 270.
    This article starts by examining the appeal to hypothetical consent as used by law and economics writers. I argue that their use of this kind of argument has no moral force whatever. I then briefly examine, through some remarks on Rawls and Scanlon, the conditions under which such an argument would have moral force. Finally, I bring these considerations to bear to criticize the argument of judge Frank Easterbrook's majority opinion in Flamm v. Eberstadt.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  14.  11
    The Young Marx and the Middle‐Aged Rawls.Daniel Brudney - 2013 - In Jon Mandle & David A. Reidy (eds.), A Companion to Rawls. Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 450–471.
    This chapter compares the 1844 Marx (the Marx of the Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844) and the Rawls of A Theory of Justice, with the central topic being the young Marx and the middle‐aged Rawls. It starts with the standard Marxian criticism of Theory, and then discusses the two ways in which the writers resemble one another. Eventually, the discussion returns to the standard criticism, casting it as a difference in the writers’ conceptions of “alienation.” The 1844 Marx condemns (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  15.  6
    A Justifiable Asymmetry.Mark Siegler & Daniel Brudney - 2015 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 26 (2):100-103.
    It is a clinician’s cliché that a physician only challenges a patient’s capacity to make a treatment decision if that decision is not what the physician wants. Agreement is proof of decisional capacity; disagreement is proof or at least evidence of capacity’s absence. It is assumed that this asymmetry cannot be justified, that the asymmetry must be a form of physicians’ paternalism. Instead what is at issue when patient and physician disagree are usually two laudable impulses. The first is physicians’ (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  16. Community and completion.Daniel Brudney - 1997 - In Andrews Reath, Barbara Herman, Christine M. Korsgaard & John Rawls (eds.), Reclaiming the History of Ethics: Essays for John Rawls. Cambridge University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  26
    Changing the Question.Daniel Brudney - 2019 - Hastings Center Report 49 (2):9-16.
    Jack, who is seventy‐five years old, is in the hospital with a terminal condition that has undermined his cognitive faculties. He has left no advance directive and has never had a conversation in which he made his treatment wishes remotely clear. Yet now, a treatment decision must be made, and in modern American medicine, the treatment decision for Jack is supposed to be made by a surrogate decision‐maker, who is supposed to use a decision‐making standard known as “substituted judgment.” According (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  30
    Pregnancy Is Not a Disease: Conscientious Refusal and the Argument from Concepts.Daniel Brudney - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (5):43-49.
    A new kind of argument has been proposed to explain why health-care workers can sometimes refuse to offer a service or treatment. But this new kind of argument must also be evaluated and invoked differently.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  19.  29
    Knowledge and Silence: "The Golden Bowl" and Moral Philosophy.Daniel Brudney - 1990 - Critical Inquiry 16 (2):397-437.
    When literary texts are included in a course on moral philosophy they tend to be classical tragedies or existentialist novels: texts filled with major moral transgressions and agonized debates over rights, wrongs, and relativism. Recently, however, the focus of much discussion on literature and moral philosophy has been Henry James’s last novel, The Golden Bowl. This ought to seem surprising. For The Golden Bowl is a quintessential Jamesian novel. Almost nothing happens. In the course of more than five hundred pages (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  52
    Is health care a human right?Daniel Brudney - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (4):249-257.
  21.  19
    Patients, doctors and the good life.Daniel Brudney - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):733-735.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  38
    Two links of law and morality.Daniel Brudney - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):280-301.
  23. Justification and Radicalism in the 1844 Marx.Daniel Brudney - 2002 - Political Theory 30 (1):156-163.
  24.  17
    Daniel Brudney replies.Daniel Brudney - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (4):6-6.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  23
    On Productivity Holism.Daniel Brudney - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):1092-1109.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  10
    A Less Perfect Union.Daniel Brudney - 2020 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 63 (4):616-622.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  25
    Concepts at the Bedside: Variations on the Theme of Autonomy.Daniel Brudney - 2019 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (2):257-272.
    Let’s start with three cases of refusal of treatment.[A] 24-year old graduate student is brought to the emergency room by a friend. Previously in good health, he is complaining of a severe headache and stiff neck. Physical examination shows a somnolent patient without focal neurologic signs but with a temperature of 39.5 degrees centigrade and nuchal rigidity. Examination of spinal fluid reveals cloudy fluid with a white blood cell count of 2000; Gram stain of the fluid shows many Gram-positive diplococcic. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  52
    Daniel Brudney replies.Daniel Brudney - 2009 - Hastings Center Report 39 (4):6-6.
  29.  7
    Decisional Capacity: Two Philosophical Issues.Daniel Brudney - 2022 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 33 (4):333-346.
    In this article I note two ways in which current assessments of patients’ decisional capacity rest on disputable philosophical assumptions. The first disputable assumption concerns the nature of practical reason; the second concerns patients’ articulation of their preferences. I do not argue that clinical practice should be changed. Still, relying on disputable philosophical assumptions can distort the description of such practice. It would be good for philosophers and philosophically oriented clinicians to work with a philosophically accurate account of clinical practice. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  29
    Gemeinschaft als Ergänzung.Daniel Brudney - 2010 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 58 (2):195-219.
    Communitarians have long criticized John Rawls′ theory of justice as fairness. In this paper I sketch a picture of communal relationships and use it to examine the nature of community in Rawls′ theory. In the first section I extract a picture of communal relationships from Karl Marx′s work of 1844; in the second section I argue for this picture′s distinctiveness; finally, I look at a shift in the nature of Rawlsian community between A Theory of Justice and Rawls′ later book, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  23
    Grand ideals: Mill's two perfectionisms.Daniel Brudney - 2008 - History of Political Thought 29 (3):485-515.
    argue that there are two forms of perfectionism in John Stuart Mill's work, two ideals of the person. One, the self-development ideal, is found in On Liberty. The other, the strong identification ideal, is tied to Mill's advocacy of a 'religion of humanity' and is found in Utilitarianism, 'Utility of Religion', and other texts. My first concern is to show that Mill's work contains this latter ideal. Next, I situate the strong identification ideal historically. Finally, I ask whether both ideals (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  72
    Justifying a Conception of the Good Life.Daniel Brudney - 2001 - Political Theory 29 (3):364-394.
  33.  8
    Justification and Radicalism in the 1844 Marx: A Response to Professor Abbey.Daniel Brudney - 2002 - Philosophy Today 30 (1):156-163.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Just deserts? Reply.Daniel Brudney - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (3):6-6.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  78
    Marlow's morality.Daniel Brudney - 2003 - Philosophy and Literature 27 (2):318-340.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Philosophy and Literature 27.2 (2003) 318-340 [Access article in PDF] Marlow's Morality Daniel Brudney "Good is a transcendent reality" means that virtue is the attempt to pierce the veil of selfish consciousness and join the world as it really is. —Iris Murdoch, The Sovereignty of Good I THE REPUTATION OF Conrad's sailor-narrator, Charlie Marlow, has risen and fallen through the years. Initially seen as a simple master mariner or (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  18
    Marx’ neuer Mensch.Daniel Brudney - 2009 - In Christopher F. Zurn & Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch (eds.), Anerkennung. Berlin, Germany: Akademie Verlag. pp. 145-180.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  7
    Nostromo and Negative Longing.Daniel Brudney - 2023 - Philosophy and Literature 46 (2):369-397.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Nostromo and Negative LongingDaniel BrudneyWhat, as the upshot of this exhibition of human motive and attitude, do we feel Conrad himself to endorse? What are his positives? It is easier to say what he rejects or criticizes.—F. R. Leavis, The Great Tradition1IWriters, playwrights, filmmakers have often seen their work as political. In this essay I discuss one way in which a narrative might be political. My proof text will (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Practical Wisdom, Rules, and the Patient-Doctor Conversation.Daniel Brudney - 2021 - In John D. Lantos (ed.), The ethics of shared decision making. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Styles of selfishness.Daniel Brudney - 2007 - In Garry Hagberg & Walter Jost (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  7
    Styles of Self‐Absorption.Daniel Brudney - 2010 - In Garry L. Hagberg & Walter Jost (eds.), A Companion to the Philosophy of Literature. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 300–327.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Literature and the Moral Life David Lurie Moses Herzog The Category of Orientation.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41.  8
    Zur Rechtfertigung einer Konzeption des guten Lebens beim frühen Marx.Daniel Brudney - 2002 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 50 (3).
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark