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Daniel Cohen
Colby College
Daniel B Cohen
Charles Sturt University
  1.  71
    Introduction: Virtues and Arguments.Andrew Aberdein & Daniel H. Cohen - 2016 - Topoi 35 (2):339-343.
    It has been a decade since the phrase virtue argumentation was introduced, and while it would be an exaggeration to say that it burst onto the scene, it would be just as much of an understatement to say that it has gone unnoticed. Trying to strike the virtuous mean between the extremes of hyperbole and litotes, then, we can fairly characterize it as a way of thinking about arguments and argumentation that has steadily attracted more and more attention from argumentation (...)
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  2.  29
    Virtue, In Context.Daniel H. Cohen - 2013 - Informal Logic 33 (4):471-485.
    Virtue argumentation theory provides the best framework for accommodating the notion of an argument that is “fully satisfying” in a robust and integrated sense. The process of explicating the notion of fully satisfying arguments requires expanding the concept of arguers to include all of an argument’s participants, including judges, juries, and interested spectators. And that, in turn, requires expanding the concept of an argument itself to include its entire context.
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  3. Decision Theory for Agents with Incomplete Preferences.Adam Bales, Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield - 2014 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 92 (3):453-70.
    Orthodox decision theory gives no advice to agents who hold two goods to be incommensurate in value because such agents will have incomplete preferences. According to standard treatments, rationality requires complete preferences, so such agents are irrational. Experience shows, however, that incomplete preferences are ubiquitous in ordinary life. In this paper, we aim to do two things: (1) show that there is a good case for revising decision theory so as to allow it to apply non-vacuously to agents with incomplete (...)
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  4.  9
    Arguments That Backfire.Daniel H. Cohen - 2005 - In D. Hitchcock & D. Farr (eds.), The Uses of Argument. OSSA. pp. 58-65.
    One result of successful argumentation – able arguers presenting cogent arguments to competent audiences – is a transfer of credibility from premises to conclusions. From a purely logical perspective, neither dubious premises nor fallacious inference should lower the credibility of the target conclusion. Nevertheless, some arguments do backfire this way. Dialectical and rhetorical considerations come into play. Three inter-related conclusions emerge from a catalogue of hapless arguers and backfiring arguments. First, there are advantages to paying attention to arguers and their (...)
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  5. Finking Frankfurt.Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 135 (3):363--74.
    Michael Smith has resisted Harry Frankfurt's claim that moral responsibility does not require the ability to have done otherwise. He does this by claiming that, in Frankfurt cases, the ability to do otherwise is indeed present, but is a disposition that has been `finked' or masked by other factors. We suggest that, while Smith's account appears to work for some classic Frankfurt cases, it does not work for all. In particular, Smith cannot explain cases, such as the Willing Addict, where (...)
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  6.  19
    Virtue Epistemology and Argumentation Theory.Daniel H. Cohen - 2007 - In David Hitchcock (ed.), Dissensus and the search for common ground. OSSA.
    Virtue epistemology was modeled on virtue ethics theories to transfer their ethical insights to epistemology. VE has had great success: broadening our perspective, providing new answers to traditional questions, and raising exciting new questions. I offer a new argument for VE based on the concept of cognitive achievements, a broader notion than purely epistemic achievements. The argument is then extended to cognitive transformations, especially the cognitive transformations brought about by argumentation.
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  7.  14
    Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy.Daniel Cohen - 2004 - University Press of America.
    In this book, Daniel Cohen explores the connections between arguments and metaphors, most pronounced in philosophy because philosophical discourse is both thoroughly metaphorical and replete with argumentation. Cohen covers the nature of arguments, their modes and structures, and the principles of their evaluation, and addresses the nature of metaphors, their place in language and thought, and their connections to arguments, identifying and reconciling arguments' and metaphors' respective roles in philosophy.
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  8. Rational Capacities, Resolve, and Weakness of Will.Daniel Cohen & Toby Handfield - 2010 - Mind 119 (476):907 - 932.
    In this paper we present an account of practical rationality and weakness of will in terms of rational capacities. We show how our account rectifies various shortcomings in Michael Smith's related theory. In particular, our account is capable of accommodating cases of weak-willed behaviour that are not `akratic', or otherwise contrary to the agent's better judgement. Our account differs from Smith's primarily by incorporating resolve: a third rational capacity for resolute maintenance of one's intentions. We discuss further two ways to (...)
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  9.  16
    Responsibility From the Margins, by David Shoemaker: New York: Oxford University Press, 2015, Pp. Xv + 262, US$50.Daniel Cohen - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (4):840-841.
  10.  5
    Has Smith Solved the Moral Problem?Wylie Breckenridge & Daniel Blair Cohen - forthcoming - Acta Analytica:1-10.
    Michael Smith attempts to solve the moral problem by arguing that our moral beliefs constitute a rational constraint on our desires. In particular, Smith defends the ‘practicality requirement’, which says that rational agents who believe that an action is right must have some desire to perform that action. We clarify and examine Smith’s argument. We argue that, for the argument to be sound, it must make two crucial assumptions about the rational agent in question: that facts about her desires are (...)
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  11.  47
    Argument is War... And War is Hell: Philosophy, Education, and Metaphors for Argumentation.Daniel H. Cohen - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (2):177-188.
    The claim that argumentation has no proper role in either philosophy or education, and especially not in philosophical education, flies in the face of both conventional wisdom and traditional pedagogy. There is, however, something to be said for it because it is really only provocative against a certain philosophical backdrop. Our understanding of the concept "argument" is both reflected by and molded by the specific metaphor that argument-is-war, something with winners and losers, offensive and defensive moments, and an essentially adversarial (...)
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  12. Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility.Nick Trakakis & Daniel Cohen (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
  13.  31
    What Virtue Argumentation Theory Misses: The Case of Compathetic Argumentation.Daniel H. Cohen & George Miller - 2016 - Topoi 35 (2):451-460.
    While deductive validity provides the limiting upper bound for evaluating the strength and quality of inferences, by itself it is an inadequate tool for evaluating arguments, arguing, and argumentation. Similar remarks can be made about rhetorical success and dialectical closure. Then what would count as ideal argumentation? In this paper we introduce the concept of cognitive compathy to point in the direction of one way to answer that question. It is a feature of our argumentation rather than my argument or (...)
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  14.  48
    Openness, Accidentality and Responsibility.Daniel Cohen - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 127 (3):581-597.
    In this paper, I present a novel argument for scepticism about moral responsibility. Unlike traditional arguments, this argument doesn’t depend on contingent empirical claims about the truth or falsity of causal determinism. Rather, it is argued that the conceptual conditions of responsibility are jointly incompatible. In short, when an agent is responsible for an action, it must be true both that the action was non-accidental, and that it was open to the agent not to perform that action. However, as I (...)
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  15.  29
    Evaluating Arguments and Making Meta-Arguments.Daniel H. Cohen - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (2).
    This paper explores the outlines of a framework for evaluating arguments. Among the factors to take into account are the strength of the arguers' inferences, the level of their engagement with objections raised by other interlocutors, and their effectiveness in rationally persuading their target audiences. Some connections among these can be understood only in the context of meta-argumentation and meta-rationality. The Principle of Meta-Rationality (PMR)--that reasoning rationally includes reasoning about rationality-is used to explain why it can be rational to resist (...)
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  16.  4
    The Attraction of the Ideal has No Traction on the Real: On Adversariality and Roles in Argument.Katharina Stevens & Daniel Cohen - 2018 - Argumentation and Advocacy:forthcoming.
    If circumstances were always simple and all arguers were always exclusively concerned with cognitive improvement, arguments would probably always be cooperative. However, we have other goals and there are other arguers, so in practice the default seems to be adversarial argumentation. We naturally inhabit the heuristically helpful but cooperation-inhibiting roles of proponents and opponents. We can, however, opt for more cooperative roles. The resources of virtue argumentation theory are used to explain when proactive cooperation is permissible, advisable, and even mandatory (...)
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  17.  45
    The Virtuous Troll: Argumentative Virtues in the Age of Argumentative Pluralism.Daniel Cohen - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (2):179-189.
    Technology has made argumentation rampant. We can argue whenever we want. With social media venues for every interest, we can also argue about whatever we want. To some extent, we can select our opponents and audiences to argue with whomever we want. And we can argue however we want, whether in carefully reasoned, article-length expositions, real-time exchanges, or 140-character polemics. The concepts of arguing, arguing well, and even being an arguer have evolved with this new multiplicity and diversity; theory needs (...)
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  18.  59
    Creating the Best Possible World: Some Problems From Parfit.Daniel Cohen - 2009 - Sophia 48 (2):143-150.
    It is sometimes argued that if God were to exist, then the actual world would be the best possible world. However, given that the actual world is clearly not the best possible world, then God doesn’t exist. In response, some have argued that the world could always be improved with the creation of new people and that there is thus no best possible world. I argue that this reasoning gives rise to an instance of Parfit’s mere addition paradox and should (...)
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  19.  26
    The Problem of Counterpossibles.Daniel H. Cohen - 1987 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 29 (1):91-101.
  20.  29
    Putnam, Truth and Informal Logic.Jeffrey L. Kasser & Daniel Cohen - 2002 - Philosophica 70:85-108.
  21.  48
    A Reply to Cahn.Daniel H. Cohen - 1988 - Analysis 48 (2):109 - 110.
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  22.  6
    Commentary on Finocchiaro.Daniel H. Cohen - unknown
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  23.  10
    If P, Then Q: Conditionals and the Foundations of Reasoning. David H. Sanford.Daniel H. Cohen - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):331-332.
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  24.  34
    Reply to My Commentator - Cohen.Daniel H. Cohen - unknown
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  25.  26
    A New Axiomatization of Belnap's Conditional Assertion.Daniel H. Cohen - 1986 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 27 (1):124-132.
  26.  20
    Argumentative Virtues as Conduits for Reason’s Causal Efficacy: Why the Practice of Giving Reasons Requires That We Practice Hearing Reasons.Daniel H. Cohen - forthcoming - Topoi:1-8.
    Psychological and neuroscientific data suggest that a great deal, perhaps even most, of our reasoning turns out to be rationalizing. The reasons we give for our positions are seldom either the real reasons or the effective causes of why we have those positions. We are not as rational as we like to think. A second, no less disheartening observation is that while we may be very effective when it comes to giving reasons, we are not that good at getting reasons. (...)
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  27.  63
    The Hate That Dare Not Speak its Name: Pornography Qua Semi-Political Speech. [REVIEW]Daniel I. A. Cohen - 1994 - Law and Philosophy 13 (2):195 - 239.
    In this essay we shall examine the contemporary jurisprudential thinking and legal precedents surrounding the issue of the sanctionability of pornography. We shall catalogue them by their logical presumptions, such as whether they view pornography as speech or act, whether they view pornography as obscenity, political hate-speech or anomalous other, whether they would scrutinize legislation governing pornography by a balancing of the harm of repression against the harm of permission, and who exactly they view as the victims.We shall take a (...)
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  28.  58
    Why a Victim's Age is Irrelevant When Assessing the Wrongness of Killing.Daniel Cohen & Morgan Luck - 2009 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (4):396-401.
    abstract Intuitively, all killings are equally wrong, no matter how old one's victim. In this paper we defend this claim — The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis — against a challenge presented by Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen. Lippert-Rasmussen shows The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis to be incompatible with two further theses: The Unequal Wrongness of Renderings Unconscious Thesis and The Equivalence Thesis. Lippert-Rasmussen argues that, of the three, The Equal Wrongness of Killings Thesis is the least defensible. He suggests that the (...)
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  29.  21
    Commentary On: Katharina von Radziewsky's "The Virtuous Arguer: One Person, Four Characters".Daniel H. Cohen - 2013 - In Dima Mohammed & Marcin Lewinsky (eds.), Virtues of Argumentation: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Ontario Society forthe Study of Argumentation. OSSA.
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  30.  20
    Putting Paradoxes to Pedagogical Use in Philosophy.Daniel H. Cohen - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (4):309-317.
  31.  47
    Review of Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology. [REVIEW]Daniel Cohen - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (3):444 – 445.
    Review: Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology. Agency and Responsibility: A Common-Sense Moral Psychology Jeanette Kennett New York Oxford University Press 2001 viii + 229 Hardback US$45 By Jeanette Kennett. Oxford University Press. New York. Pp. viii + 229. Hardback:US$45.
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  32. Computability and Logic.Daniel E. Cohen - 1987 - Halsted Press.
  33.  24
    Paul Boghossian - Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism.Daniel H. Cohen - 2007 - Informal Logic 27 (2):229-232.
    Paul Boghossian’s recent book, Fear of Knowledge offers an extended argument against some forms of contemporary anti-realism and, by implication, an argument for realism. The intended audience is philosophers with metaphysical and epistemological interests, argumentation theorists might be most engaged by it because while the book is flawed as an argument, it makes a positive contribution when read as a discourse about argument. The main flaw is the uncharitable readings of Kuhn, Rorty, and Later Wittgenstein that can drive even wannabe (...)
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  34.  18
    Just and Unjust Wars - and Just and Unjust Arguments.Daniel H. Cohen - 2003 - In IL@25: Proceedings of the 2003 Meetings of the Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
    For all its problems, there is still much to be gleaned from the argument-is-war paradigm. Much of the conceptual vocabulary that we use to talk about wars is commonly applied to arguments. Other concepts in the war-cluster can also be readily adapted to arguments. Some parts, of course, do not seem to apply so easily, if at all. Of most interest here are those war-concepts that have not been deployed in thinking about arguments but really should be because of the (...)
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  35.  26
    Informal Logic and the Surprise Exam.Daniel H. Cohen - 2002 - Informal Logic 22 (2).
  36.  17
    Arguing With God.Daniel H. Cohen - manuscript
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  37.  22
    The End of Keynesianism.Daniel Cohen - 1985 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1985 (63):139-147.
    Are Keynesian policies doomed? The experience of both Chirac and Mauroy might make one think so. Yet too severe a judgment would overlook an important counter-example: the actual economic recovery in the United States. As happened under the Kennedy-Johnson administration 20 years ago, the United States is experiencing a recovery that follows the textbook precepts of Keynesianism: an increase in military spending and a decrease in taxes, all of which is accompanied by (as predicted by the theory) an increase in (...)
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  38.  19
    The Word as Will and Idea.Daniel H. Cohen - 1988 - Philosophical Studies 32:126-140.
    According to the semantics in Wittgenstein's Tractatus, a picture and what is pictured must have the same logical form. However necessary that may be, it cannot suffice to make one fact a picture of another. The grounds for the pictorial relation, it is argued, must be found in the transcendental will. Following a suggestion by Ramsey, the semantic resources of the Tractatus are used to construct a new interpretation of propositions as equivalence classes of facts. The nature of the involvement (...)
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  39.  37
    Nonsensical Representation and Senseless Interpretation: Wittgenstein on Nonsense Judgments.Daniel H. Cohen - 1993 - Philosophia 22 (3-4):407-424.
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  40.  16
    Fogelin's Walking the Tightrope of Reason: The Precarious Life of a Rational Animal by Robert Fogelin.Daniel H. Cohen - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (1).
  41.  12
    Review: Richard Routley, Val Plumwood, Robert K. Meyer, Ross T. Brady, Relevant Logics and Their Rivals. Part I. The Basic Philosophical and Semantical Theory. [REVIEW]Daniel H. Cohen - 1989 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):293-296.
  42.  12
    Finocchiaro, Maurice., Meta-Argumentation: An Approach to Logic and Argumentation Theory. [REVIEW]Daniel Cohen - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (2):428-430.
  43.  25
    Real Materialism and Other Essays. [REVIEW]Daniel Cohen - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (4):758-759.
  44.  23
    Book Review:If P, Then Q: Conditionals and the Foundations of Reasoning David H. Sanford. [REVIEW]Daniel H. Cohen - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):331-.
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  45.  11
    Are There Methods of Informal Logic?Hans V. Hansen & Daniel H. Cohen - unknown
    This presentation seeks to understand informal logic as a set of methods for the logical evaluation of natural language arguments. Some of the methods identified are the fallacies method, deductivism, warrantism and argument schemes. A framework for comparing the adequacy of the methods is outlined consisting of the following categories: learner- and user-efficiency, subjective and objective reliability, and scope. Within this framework, it is also possible to compare informal and formal logic.
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  46.  23
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Jeremy D. Bendik‐Keymer, Thom Brooks, Daniel B. Cohen, Michael Davis, Sara Goering, Barbara V. Nunn, Michael J. Stephens, James C. Taggart, Roy T. Tsao & Lori Watson - 2003 - Ethics 113 (2):456-462.
  47. A Reply to Steven M Cahn on Divestiture.Daniel H. Cohen - 1988 - Analysis 48 (2):109-110.
    Steven m cahn, In the june 1987 issue of "analysis", Asks how a principled divesture of stocks is possible. Selling stock requires a buyer, So no net reduction of objectionable economic behavior results. Is divestiture merely self-Righteous cleansing of one's own hands? not necessarily. It is argued that divesture as a means to influence corporate behavior, And not just as a means to a clean portfolio, Can be justified.
     
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  48.  9
    Traduction des Textes Sur la Doctrine Stoïcienne du Mélange Total.Nicolette Brout, Michèle Broze, Daniel Cohen, Bernard Collette, Lambros Couloubaritsis, Sylvain Delcomminette, Sabrina Inowlocki, Joachim Lacrosse, Mihaïl Nasta & Annick Stevens - 2006 - Revue de Philosophie Ancienne 24 (2):61-92.
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  49.  9
    Degree Problems for Modular Machines.Daniel E. Cohen - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (3):510-528.
  50.  5
    Review of If P, Then Q: Conditionals and the Foundations of Reasoning by David H. Sanford. [REVIEW]Daniel Cohen - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (2):331-332.
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