Results for 'Daniel Edward Shapiro'

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  1.  30
    Ethical and Legal Issues in E-Mail Therapy.Daniel Edward Shapiro & Charles Eric Schulman - 1996 - Ethics and Behavior 6 (2):107 – 124.
    Psychologists and psychiatrists recently started using electronic mail (e-mail) to conduct therapy. This article explores relevant ethical and legal issues including, among others, the nature of the professional relationship, boundaries of competence, informed consent, treating minors, confidentiality, and the duty to warn and protect. To illustrate these complex issues, two services currently operating are discussed. To address potential hazards to clients and the profession, a new ethical standard for e-mail therapists is offered.
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  2.  2
    Climate Engineering: A Normative Perspective.Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    Should we research, develop, and deploy climate engineering technology? Drawing upon contemporary moral and political theory, this book offers a normative perspective on such questions, ultimately making the case in favor of research and regulation guided by norms of legitimacy, distributive justice, and procedural justice.
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  3.  36
    The Slippery Slope Argument Against Geoengineering Research.Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 36 (4):675-687.
    With the lack of progress there has been so far on climate change, some have begun researching the potential of geoengineering to allay future climatic harms. However, others contend that such research should be abandoned. One of the most‐cited reasons as to why research into geoengineering should be abandoned is the idea that such research sits at the top of slippery slope. The Slippery Slope Argument warns that even mere research into geoengineering will create institutional momentum, ultimately leading to the (...)
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  4.  45
    Institutional Legitimacy and Geoengineering Governance.Daniel Edward Callies - 2018 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 21 (3):324-340.
    ABSTRACT: There is general agreement amongst those involved in the normative discussion about geoengineering that if we are to move forward with significant research, development, and certainly any future deployment, legitimate governance is a must. However, while we agree that the abstract concept of legitimacy ought to guide geoengineering governance, agreement surrounding the appropriate conception of legitimacy has yet to emerge. Relying upon Allen Buchanan’s metacoordination view of institutional legitimacy, this paper puts forward a conception of legitimacy appropriate for geoengineering (...)
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  5.  36
    The Ethical Landscape of Gene Drive Research.Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (9):1091-1097.
    Gene drive technology has immense potential. The ability to bypass the laws of Mendelian inheritance and almost ensure the transmission of specific genetic material to future generations creates boundless possibilities. But alongside these boundless possibilities are major social and ethical issues. This article aims to introduce gene drive technology, some of its potential applications, and some of the social and ethical issues that arise during research into the technology. For example, is investigation into gene drives hubristic? Would applications of gene (...)
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  6.  13
    The Ethics of Climate Engineering: Solar Radiation Management and Non-Ideal Justice. [REVIEW]Daniel Edward Callies - 2019 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 22 (1):100-102.
    Volume 22, Issue 1, March 2019, Page 100-102.
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  7.  20
    Brain Drain, Contracts, and Moral Obligation.Daniel Edward Callies - 2016 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 3 (1).
    In this paper I first argue that when answering the question of whether or not governments may restrict emigration, Brock and Blake are staking out positions not astronomically far from one another. Despite the ostensibly large philosophical gap between the two, both think that certain governments may restrict emigration when such restriction is agreed to in a morally binding contract. Secondly, both authors think that there are specific “circumstances” or “conditions” under which a contract that restricts emigration can be morally (...)
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  8.  16
    Assessing Climate Policies: Catastrophe Avoidance and the Right to Sustainable Development.Darrel Moellendorf & Daniel Edward Callies - 2021 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 20 (2):127-150.
    With the significant disconnect between the collective aim of limiting warming to well below 2°C and the current means proposed to achieve such an aim, the goal of this paper is to offer a moral assessment of prominent alternatives to current international climate policy. To do so, we’ll outline five different policy routes that could potentially bring the means and goal in line. Those five policy routes are: exceed 2°C; limit warming to less than 2°C by economic de-growth; limit warming (...)
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  9.  18
    The Ethics of Climate Governance. [REVIEW]Daniel Edward Callies - 2017 - Environmental Ethics 39 (1):97-100.
  10. The Human Element in Literature.Daniel Edward Phillips - 1940 - Port Washington, N.Y., Kennikat Press.
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  11.  5
    Daniel Edward Callies: Climate Engineering: A Normative Perspective.Patrick Taylor Smith - 2019 - Environmental Ethics 41 (3):283-286.
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  12.  10
    Climate Engineering: For and Against. [REVIEW]Daniel Edward Callies - 2015 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 8 (2).
  13.  15
    Justifying an Intentional Species Extinction: The Case of Anopheles Gambiae.Daniel Edward Callies & Yasha Rohwer - forthcoming - Environmental Values.
    Each year, over 200 million people are infected with the malaria parasite, nearly half a million of whom succumb to the disease. Emerging genetic technologies could, in theory, eliminate the burden of malaria throughout the world by intentionally eradicating the mosquitoes that transmit the disease. In this paper, we offer an ethical examination of the intentional eradication of Anopheles gambiae, the main malaria vector of sub-Saharan Africa. In our evaluation, we focus on two main considerations: the benefit of alleviating the (...)
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  14. On the Adequacy of Prototype Theory as a Theory of Concepts.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1981 - Cognition 9 (1):35-58.
  15.  35
    Combining Prototypes: A Selective Modification Model.Edward E. Smith, Daniel N. Osherson, Lance J. Rips & Margaret Keane - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (4):485-527.
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  16.  4
    Well-Being: The Foundations of Hedonic Psychology.Daniel Kahneman, Edward Diener & Norbert Schwarz (eds.) - 1999 - Russell Sage Foundation.
    The nature of well-being is one of the most enduring and elusive subjects of human inquiry. Well-Being draws upon the latest scientific research to transform our understanding of this ancient question. With contributions from leading authorities in psychology, social psychology, and neuroscience, this volume presents the definitive account of current scientific efforts to understand human pleasure and pain, contentment and despair. The distinguished contributors to this volume combine a rigorous analysis of human sensations, emotions, and moods with a broad assessment (...)
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  17.  14
    Consequences of the Serial Nature of Linguistic Input for Sentenial Complexity.Daniel Grodner & Edward Gibson - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (2):261-290.
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  18.  15
    Category-Based Induction.Daniel N. Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Ormond Wilkie & Alejandro López - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (2):185-200.
  19.  25
    Conceptual Combination with Prototype Concepts.Edward E. Smith & Daniel N. Osherson - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (4):337-361.
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  20.  16
    Liberalism, Basic Rights, and Free Exchange.Daniel Shapiro - 1995 - Journal of Social Philosophy 26 (2):103-126.
  21.  37
    Pupillary, Heart Rate, and Skin Resistance Changes During a Mental Task.Daniel Kahneman, Bernard Tursky, David Shapiro & Andrew Crider - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):164.
  22.  45
    Computer Science and Metaphysics: A Cross-Fertilization.Edward N. Zalta, Christoph Benzmüller & Daniel Kirchner - 2019 - Open Philosophy 2 (1):230-251.
    Computational philosophy is the use of mechanized computational techniques to unearth philosophical insights that are either difficult or impossible to find using traditional philosophical methods. Computational metaphysics is computational philosophy with a focus on metaphysics. In this paper, we develop results in modal metaphysics whose discovery was computer assisted, and conclude that these results work not only to the obvious benefit of philosophy but also, less obviously, to the benefit of computer science, since the new computational techniques that led to (...)
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  23.  16
    Gradedness and Conceptual Combination.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1982 - Cognition 12 (3):299-318.
  24.  13
    From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Edward Stein, Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):130.
    In the months preceding the writing of this review, bioethics has been in the news a great deal. In congressional and public policy debates surrounding stem cell research, human cloning, and the Human Genome Project, bioethics and bioethicists have gained national attention and been subject to public scrutiny. Commentators have asked who these self-appointed moral experts are to tell us what is right and wrong.
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  25.  41
    Matching Bias in Syllogistic Reasoning: Evidence for a Dual-Process Account From Response Times and Confidence Ratings.Edward J. N. Stupple, Linden J. Ball & Daniel Ellis - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (1):54 - 77.
    (2013). Matching bias in syllogistic reasoning: Evidence for a dual-process account from response times and confidence ratings. Thinking & Reasoning: Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 54-77. doi: 10.1080/13546783.2012.735622.
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  26.  26
    Impartial Institutions, Pathogen Stress and the Expanding Social Network.Daniel Hruschka, Charles Efferson, Ting Jiang, Ashlan Falletta-Cowden, Sveinn Sigurdsson, Rita McNamara, Madeline Sands, Shirajum Munira, Edward Slingerland & Joseph Henrich - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (4):567-579.
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  27.  25
    Free Speech, Free Exchange, and Rawlsian Liberalism.Daniel Shapiro - 1991 - Social Theory and Practice 17 (1):47-68.
  28. Mechanizing Principia Logico-Metaphysica in Functional Type Theory.Daniel Kirchner, Christoph Benzmüller & Edward N. Zalta - manuscript
    *Principia Logico-Metaphysica* (a developing, online manuscript) contains a foundational logical theory for metaphysics, mathematics, and the sciences. It contains a canonical development of Abstract Object Theory [AOT], a metaphysical theory (inspired by ideas of Ernst Mally, formalized by Zalta) that differentiates between ordinary and abstract objects. -/- This article reports on recent work in which AOT has been successfully represented and partly automated in the proof assistant system Isabelle/HOL. Initial experiments within this framework reveal a crucial but overlooked fact: a (...)
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  29.  16
    Some Origins of Belief.Daniel N. Osherson, Edward E. Smith & Eldar B. Shafir - 1986 - Cognition 24 (3):197-224.
  30.  19
    Mechanizing Principia Logico-Metaphysica in Functional Type Theory.Daniel Kirchner, Christoph Benzmüller & Edward N. Zalta - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-13.
    Principia Logico-Metaphysica contains a foundational logical theory for metaphysics, mathematics, and the sciences. It includes a canonical development of Abstract Object Theory [AOT], a metaphysical theory that distinguishes between ordinary and abstract objects. This article reports on recent work in which AOT has been successfully represented and partly automated in the proof assistant system Isabelle/HOL. Initial experiments within this framework reveal a crucial but overlooked fact: a deeply-rooted and known paradox is reintroduced in AOT when the logic of complex terms (...)
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  31.  26
    On Typicality and Vagueness.Daniel Osherson & Edward E. Smith - 1997 - Cognition 64 (2):189-206.
  32.  5
    Reading Relative Clauses in English.Edward Gibson, Timothy Desmet, Daniel Grodner, Duane Watson & Kara Ko - 2005 - Cognitive Linguistics 16 (2).
  33.  27
    Default Probability.Daniel N. Osherson, Joshua Stern, Ormond Wilkie, Michael Stob & Edward E. Smith - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (2):251-269.
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  34. Number as a Cognitive Technology: Evidence From Pirahã Language and Cognition.Michael C. Frank, Daniel L. Everett, Evelina Fedorenko & Edward Gibson - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):819-824.
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  35.  79
    Extrapolating Human Probability Judgment.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Tracy S. Myers, Eldar Shafir & Michael Stob - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (2):103-129.
    We advance a model of human probability judgment and apply it to the design of an extrapolation algorithm. Such an algorithm examines a person's judgment about the likelihood of various statements and is then able to predict the same person's judgments about new statements. The algorithm is tested against judgments produced by thirty undergraduates asked to assign probabilities to statements about mammals.
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  36.  20
    Pigeons Acquire Multiple Categories in Parallel Via Associative Learning: A Parallel to Human Word Learning?Edward A. Wasserman, Daniel I. Brooks & Bob McMurray - 2015 - Cognition 136:99-122.
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  37.  12
    Zhu Xi's Reading of the Analects: Canon, Commentary, and the Classical Tradition.Edward Slingerland & Daniel K. Gardner - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (3):677.
  38. Corporate Strategy and the Search for Ethics.R. Edward Freeman & Daniel R. Gilbert - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):514-554.
  39.  42
    Daniel, Stephen H. The Philosophy of Jonathan Edwards: A Study in Divine Semiotics. [REVIEW]Rem B. Edwards - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):396-399.
  40. Solar Geoengineering and Democracy.Joshua Horton, Jesse Reynolds, Holly Jean Buck, Daniel Edward Callies, Stefan Schaefer, David Keith & Steve Rayner - 2018 - Global Environmental Politics 3 (18):5-24.
    Some scientists suggest that it might be possible to reflect a portion of incoming sunlight back into space to reduce climate change and its impacts. Others argue that such solar radiation management (SRM) geoengineering is inherently incompatible with democracy. In this article, we reject this incompatibility argument. First, we counterargue that technologies such as SRM lack innate political characteristics and predetermined social effects, and that democracy need not be deliberative to serve as a standard for governance. We then rebut each (...)
     
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  41.  69
    Research Led by Participants: A New Social Contract for a New Kind of Research.Effy Vayena, Roger Brownsword, Sarah Jane Edwards, Bastian Greshake, Jeffrey P. Kahn, Navjoyt Ladher, Jonathan Montgomery, Daniel O'Connor, Onora O'Neill, Martin P. Richards, Annette Rid, Mark Sheehan, Paul Wicks & John Tasioulas - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (4):216-219.
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  42.  11
    The Influence of Contextual Contrast on Syntactic Processing: Evidence for Strong-Interaction in Sentence Comprehension.Daniel Grodner, Edward Gibson & Duane Watson - 2005 - Cognition 95 (3):275-296.
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  43.  34
    Edwards, Berkeley, and Ramist Logic.Stephen H. Daniel - 2001 - Idealistic Studies 31 (1):55-72.
    I will suggest that we can begin to see why Edwards and Berkeley sound so much alike by considering how both think of minds or spiritual substances notas things modeled on material bodies but as the acts by which things are identified. Those acts cannot be described using the Aristotelian subject-predicatelogic on which the metaphysics of substance, properties, attributes, or modes is based because subjects, substances, etc. are themselves initially distinguishedthrough such acts. To think of mind as opposed to matter, (...)
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  44.  24
    A Source of Bayesian Priors.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Eldar Shafir, Antoine Gualtierotti & Kevin Biolsi - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (3):377-405.
  45.  18
    The Neurochemistry and Social Flow of Singing: Bonding and Oxytocin.Jason R. Keeler, Edward A. Roth, Brittany L. Neuser, John M. Spitsbergen, Daniel J. M. Waters & John-Mary Vianney - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  46.  7
    Social Comparison and Distributive Justice: East Asia Differences.Tae-Yeol Kim, Jeffrey R. Edwards & Debra L. Shapiro - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (2):401-414.
    Using a survey of 393 employees who were natives and residents of China, Japan, and South Korea, we examined the extent to which employees from different countries within East Asia experience distributive justice when they perceived that their work outcomes relative to a referent other were equally poor, equally favorable, more poor, or more favorable. As predicted, we found that when employees perceived themselves relative to a referent other to be recipients of more favorable outcomes, Chinese and Korean employees were (...)
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  47.  18
    Extracting the Coherent Core of Human Probability Judgement: A Research Program for Cognitive Psychology.Daniel Osherson, Eldar Shafir & Edward E. Smith - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):299-313.
  48.  42
    An Invitation to Cognitive Science: Visual Cognition. 2.Daniel N. Osherson & Edward E. Smith (eds.) - 1990 - MIT Press.
    The volumes are self contained and can be used individually in upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses ranging from introductory psychology, linguistics, ...
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  49.  48
    Why Rawlsian Liberals Should Support Free Market Capitalism.Daniel Shapiro - 1995 - Journal of Political Philosophy 3 (1):58–85.
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  50. Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds Without Content, by Daniel D. Hutto and Erik Myin.Lawrence A. Shapiro - 2014 - Mind 123 (489):213-220.
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