Results for 'Daniel G��tzen'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  28
    Models of Ecological Rationality: The Recognition Heuristic.Daniel G. Goldstein & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (1):75-90.
    [Correction Notice: An erratum for this article was reported in Vol 109 of Psychological Review. Due to circumstances that were beyond the control of the authors, the studies reported in "Models of Ecological Rationality: The Recognition Heuristic," by Daniel G. Goldstein and Gerd Gigerenzer overlap with studies reported in "The Recognition Heuristic: How Ignorance Makes Us Smart," by the same authors and with studies reported in "Inference From Ignorance: The Recognition Heuristic". In addition, Figure 3 in the Psychological Review (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   105 citations  
  2. On the Distinction Between Peirce’s Abduction and Lipton’s Inference to the Best Explanation.Daniel G. Campos - 2011 - Synthese 180 (3):419-442.
    I argue against the tendency in the philosophy of science literature to link abduction to the inference to the best explanation (IBE), and in particular, to claim that Peireean abduction is a conceptual predecessor to IBE. This is not to discount either abduction or IBE. Rather the purpose of this paper is to clarify the relation between Peireean abduction and IBE in accounting for ampliative inference in science. This paper aims at a proper classification—not justification—of types of scientific reasoning. In (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   41 citations  
  3.  33
    A Suggested Ethical Framework for Evaluating Corporate Mergers and Acquisitions.Daniel G. Chase, David J. Burns & Gregory A. Claypool - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (16):1753-1763.
    The 1980s witnessed a dramatic increase in hostile takeovers in the United States. Proponents argue that well- planned mergers enhance the value of the firm and the value of the firm to society. Critics typically argue that undesired takeovers ultimately harm society due to external costs not borne by the acquiring firm. To be socially responsible, the manager must consider the effects of the merger/acquisition on all stakeholders. Different traditional ethical frameworks for decision making are proposed and reviewed. A model (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  4. Complete Chemical Synthesis, Assembly, and Cloning of a Mycoplasma Genitalium Genome.Daniel Gibson, Benders G., A. Gwynedd, Cynthia Andrews-Pfannkoch, Evgeniya Denisova, Baden-Tillson A., Zaveri Holly, Stockwell Jayshree, B. Timothy, Anushka Brownley, David Thomas, Algire W., A. Mikkel, Chuck Merryman, Lei Young, Vladimir Noskov, Glass N., I. John, J. Craig Venter, Clyde Hutchison, Smith A. & O. Hamilton - 2008 - Science 319 (5867):1215--1220.
    We have synthesized a 582,970-base pair Mycoplasma genitalium genome. This synthetic genome, named M. genitalium JCVI-1.0, contains all the genes of wild-type M. genitalium G37 except MG408, which was disrupted by an antibiotic marker to block pathogenicity and to allow for selection. To identify the genome as synthetic, we inserted "watermarks" at intergenic sites known to tolerate transposon insertions. Overlapping "cassettes" of 5 to 7 kilobases (kb), assembled from chemically synthesized oligonucleotides, were joined by in vitro recombination to produce intermediate (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  5.  11
    An Overview of KRL, a Knowledge Representation Language.Daniel G. Bobrow & Terry Winograd - 1977 - Cognitive Science 1 (1):3-46.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   77 citations  
  6.  11
    Profits, Layoffs, and Priorities.Daniel G. Arce & Sherry Xin Li - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 101 (1):49 - 60.
    This study examines the deliberations of professional MBA students when presented with a dilemma that weighs the difference between commitments to profit-maximization against concerns for fired workers who would need to seek a new job during a recession. Using content analysis, accounting, economic, and ethically based rationales that differ from the profit-maximizing recommendation are categorized. Results also show that those who make non-profit-maximizing recommendations consider, but ultimately reject the profit-maximizing approach to layoffs.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  7.  11
    Giving Voice to Values as a Leverage Point in Business Ethics Education.Daniel G. Arce & Mary C. Gentile - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 131 (3):535-542.
    The Giving Voice to Values pedagogy and curriculum is described as an example of a powerful leverage point in the integration of business ethics and values-driven leadership across the business curriculum. GVV is post-decision-making in that it identifies an ethical course of action and asks practitioners to identify who are the parties involved and what’s at stake for them; what are the main arguments to be countered; and what levers that can be used to influence those who are in disagreement. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  8.  40
    Reasoning the Fast and Frugal Way: Models of Bounded Rationality.Gerd Gigerenzer & Daniel G. Goldstein - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):650-669.
    Humans and animals make inferences about the world under limited time and knowledge. In contrast, many models of rational inference treat the mind as a Laplacean Demon, equipped with unlimited time, knowledge, and computational might. Following H. Simon's notion of satisficing, the authors have proposed a family of algorithms based on a simple psychological mechanism: one-reason decision making. These fast and frugal algorithms violate fundamental tenets of classical rationality: They neither look up nor integrate all information. By computer simulation, the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   213 citations  
  9.  30
    Imagination, Concentration, and Generalization: Peirce on the Reasoning Abilities of the Mathematician.Daniel G. Campos - 2009 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 45 (2):135-156.
  10.  81
    Peirce on the Role of Poietic Creation in Mathematical Reasoning.Daniel G. Campos - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):470 - 489.
    : C.S. Peirce defines mathematics in two ways: first as "the science which draws necessary conclusions," and second as "the study of what is true of hypothetical states of things" (CP 4.227–244). Given the dual definition, Peirce notes, a question arises: Should we exclude the work of poietic hypothesis-making from the domain of pure mathematical reasoning? (CP 4.238). This paper examines Peirce's answer to the question. Some commentators hold that for Peirce the framing of mathematical hypotheses requires poietic genius but (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  11.  9
    On the Analysis of Performance Operating Characteristics.Donald A. Norman & Daniel G. Bobrow - 1976 - Psychological Review 83 (6):508-510.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   50 citations  
  12.  20
    Assessing the Value of Nature: A Transactional Approach.Daniel G. Campos - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (1):57-74.
    Henry David Thoreau’s discussion of the highest value of wild apples and my own reflection upon my experience, interacting with the sea and enjoying its products during my Central American upbringing, motivate this discussion of how human beings may apprehend nature’s highest worth. I propose that in order to apprehend nature’s highest value it is necessary to understand the complete transaction between human beings and nature—an active transaction that requires from the human being a continuous movement along experience, reflection, and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  13.  9
    When Law is Not Law: Setting Aside Legal Provisions During Declared Emergencies.Daniel G. Orenstein - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):73-76.
    During an emergency, laws serve crucial functions, including clarifying responsibilities, authorizing critical interventions, and protecting vulnerable populations. However, provisions of existing laws designed for normal, non-emergency circumstances may sometimes hinder emergency response efforts, thereby potentially endangering the public's health rather than protecting it. Pursuant to declared states of emergency, disaster, or public health emergency, however, the legal landscape changes in several important ways. Interventions not legally permissible under non-emergency circumstances become available. One key example is authority to temporarily waive legal (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  14.  18
    A Gene for Speed? The Evolution and Function of Α‐Actinin‐3.Daniel G. MacArthur & Kathryn N. North - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (7):786-795.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  15.  11
    Selecting Clinical Diagnoses: Logical Strategies Informed by Experience.Donald Edward Stanley & Daniel G. Campos - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):588-597.
  16.  44
    Peirce’s Philosophy of Mathematical Education: Fostering Reasoning Abilities for Mathematical Inquiry.Daniel G. Campos - 2010 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (5):421-439.
    I articulate Charles S. Peirce’s philosophy of mathematical education as related to his conception of mathematics, the nature of its method of inquiry, and especially, the reasoning abilities required for mathematical inquiry. The main thesis is that Peirce’s philosophy of mathematical education primarily aims at fostering the development of the students’ semeiotic abilities of imagination, concentration, and generalization required for conducting mathematical inquiry by way of experimentation upon diagrams. This involves an emphasis on the relation between theory and practice and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  17.  9
    The Relationship Between Sarbanes–Oxley Policies and Donor Advisories in Nonprofit Organizations.Gregory D. Saxton & Daniel G. Neely - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (2):333-351.
    This study examines the impact of Sarbanes–Oxley on the nonprofit sector. Focusing on three key SOX policies applicable to charities—conflict-of-interest policies, records retention policies, and whistleblower policies—this study tests the relationship between the existence and addition of these policies on subsequent ethical and governance lapses as reflected in the issuance of “donor advisories” by the large third-party ratings agency Charity Navigator. The findings suggest that, controlling for other relevant organizational factors, the three SOX-inspired written policies are related to a reduced (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  67
    The Logic of Medical Diagnosis.Donald E. Stanley & Daniel G. Campos - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):300-315.
  19.  6
    KRL: Another Perspective.Daniel G. Bobrow & Terry Winograd - 1979 - Cognitive Science 3 (1):29-42.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  20.  12
    "Models of Ecological Rationality: The Recognition Heuristic": Clarification on Goldstein and Gigerenzer.Daniel G. Goldstein & Gerd Gigerenzer - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (4):645-645.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  21.  26
    The Framing of the Fundamental Probability Set: A Historical Case Study on the Context of Mathematical Discovery.Daniel G. Campos - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (4):pp. 385-416.
    I address the philosophical debate over whether the mathematical theory of probability arose on the basis of empirical observations or of purely theoretical speculations. The debate tends to pose a strict dichotomy between empirical problem-solving and pure theorizing. I alternatively suggest that, in the case of mathematical probability, an empirical problem-context acted as an enabling condition for the possibility of mathematical innovation, but that the activity of the early mathematical probabilists gradually became the study of a theoretical system of ideas. (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  22.  23
    From Basic Processes to Real-World Problems: How Research on Emotion and Emotion Regulation Can Inform Understanding of Psychopathology, and Vice Versa.Daniel G. Dillon, Christen M. Deveney & Diego A. Pizzagalli - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):74-82.
    Research on emotion and emotion regulation is expected to improve our understanding of psychopathology. However, achieving this understanding requires overcoming several obstacles, including the paucity of objective markers of specific emotions or psychiatric diagnoses, and the fact that emotion regulation is a concept that can be difficult to operationalize. We review affective neuroscience research that has addressed these issues by focusing on psychological and neural mechanisms implicated in approach and avoidance behaviors, as revealed by studies of fear, anxiety, and reward (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  37
    A Free‐Variable Theory of Primitive Recursive Arithmetic.Daniel G. Schwartz - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (2):147-157.
  24.  24
    On the Equivalence Between Logic-Free and Logic-Bearing Systems of Primitive Recursive Arithmetic.Daniel G. Schwartz - 1987 - Zeitschrift fur mathematische Logik und Grundlagen der Mathematik 33 (3):245-253.
  25.  15
    On the Equivalence Between Logic‐Free and Logic‐Bearing Systems of Primitive Recursive Arithmetic.Daniel G. Schwartz - 1987 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 33 (3):245-253.
  26.  15
    Religieus–Historische Studie over Herodotus. By G.C.J. Daniëls. Pp. 202. Antwerp: Standaard-Boekhandel, 1946.E. D. Phillips & G. C. J. Daniels - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:107-108.
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  20
    Grammatical Morphemes and Conceptual Structure in Discourse Processing.Daniel G. Morrow - 1986 - Cognitive Science 10 (4):423-455.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28.  10
    Homeward Bound: A Theology of Migration.C. Daniel G. Groody - 2012 - Journal of Catholic Social Thought 9 (2):409-423.
  29. On the Arts and Humanities in Medical Education.Danielle G. Rabinowitz - 2021 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 16 (1):1-5.
    This paper aims to position the birth of the Medical Humanities movement in a greater historical context of twentieth century American medical education and to paint a picture of the current landscape of the Medical Humanities in medical training. It first sheds light on the model of medical education put forth by Abraham Flexner through the publishing of the 1910 Flexner Report, which set the stage for defining physicians as experimentalists and rooting the profession in research institutions. While this paved (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  10
    The Patient as Consumer: Empowerment or Commodification? Currents in Contemporary Bioethics.Melissa M. Goldstein & Daniel G. Bowers - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (1):162-165.
    Discussions surrounding patient engagement and empowerment often use the terms “patient” and “consumer” interchangeably. But do the two terms hold the same meaning, or is a “patient” a passive actor in the health care arena and a “consumer” an informed, rational decision-maker? Has there been a shift in our usage of the two terms that aligns with the increasing commercialization of health care in the U.S. or has the patient/consumer dynamic always been a part of the buying and selling of (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  31.  51
    Correlated Strategies as Institutions.Daniel G. M. Arce - 1997 - Theory and Decision 42 (3):271-285.
    Two institutions that are often implicit or overlooked in noncooperative games are the assumption of Nash behavior to solve a game, and the ability to correlate strategies. We consider two behavioral paradoxes; one in which maximin behavior rules out all Nash equilibria (‘Chicken’), and another in which minimax supergame behavior leads to an ‘inefficient’ outcome in comparison to the unique stage game equilibrium (asymmetric ‘Deadlock’). Nash outcomes are achieved in both paradoxes by allowing for correlated strategies, even when individual behavior (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  14
    Cardinal Newman's Concept of a Liberal Education.Daniel G. Mulcahy - 1972 - Educational Theory 22 (1):87-98.
  33.  4
    Daniel G. König, Arabic-Islamic Views of the Latin West: Tracing the Emergence of Medieval Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015, Xiv + 436 Pp., ISBN-13: 9780198737193. [REVIEW]Ryan Szpiech - 2019 - Der Islam: Journal of the History and Culture of the Middle East 96 (1):238-242.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  2
    Power and Pluralism: American Protestantism and the American Century.Daniel G. Hummel - 2020 - Modern Intellectual History 17 (3):903-915.
    The study of US foreign relations has been in a protracted “religious turn” for at least a decade. One of the most prominent statements of the turn was Andrew Preston's article in Diplomatic History from 2006, “Bridging the Gap between the Sacred and the Secular in the History of American Foreign Relations.” Preston, a trained diplomatic historian who made an indelible contribution to the turn with his later Sword of Spirit, Shield of Strength: Religion in American War and Diplomacy, called (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  21
    10.5840/Jbee20118128.Daniel G. Arce - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 1 (1):343-347.
  36.  13
    The Indirect Ethics of AIG’s ‘Backdoor Bailout’.Daniel G. Arce & Laura Razzolini - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 148 (1):37-51.
    We experimentally assess the ethics of the U.S. government’s indirect bailout of the bank counterparties of American International Group during the 2008 financial crisis. When the indirect bailout is jointly compared with a counterfactual where the government directly bails out the banks, subjects judge the indirect bailout to be far more unethical. On the other hand, when the two scenarios are judged separately, subjects consider a direct bailout of banks to be more unethical. This suggests that ethical judgments of indirect (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37. Marine Toxins.Daniel G. Baden12, Lora E. Flemingi & Judy A. Bean - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 2--141.
  38. Book Review: The Angry Christian: A Theology for Care and Counseling. [REVIEW]Daniel G. Bagby - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (1):100-102.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Dictionary of Christianity in America.Daniel G. Reid - 1989
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Agent-Oriented Epistemic Reasoning: Subjective Conditions of Knowledge and Belief.Daniel G. Schwartz - 2003 - Artificial Intelligence 148 (1-2):177-195.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  41. Dynamic Reasoning with Qualified Syllogisms.Daniel G. Schwartz - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence 93 (1-2):103-167.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  13
    On Incestuous Attraction and Natural Selection Between Populations.Daniel G. Freedman - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (2):269-269.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  13
    Preculture Versus Culture?Daniel G. Freedman - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):107-108.
  44.  14
    The Many Levels of Attachment.Daniel G. Freedman - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (3):515-515.
  45.  29
    The Social and the Biological: A Necessary Unity.Daniel G. Freedman - 1980 - Zygon 15 (2):117-131.
  46.  30
    Daniel G. Calder, Robert E. Bjork, Patrick K. Ford, and Daniel F. Melia, Transs., Sources and Analogues of Old English Poetry, 2:The Germanic and Celtic Texts in Translation. Cambridge, Eng.: D. S. Brewer; Totowa, N.J.: Barnes & Noble, 1983. Pp. Xxiv, 222; 2 Maps. $42.50. [REVIEW]Donald K. Fry - 1986 - Speculum 61 (1):228-228.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  28
    Semantic Completeness of Free-Variable Theories.Daniel G. Schwartz - 1987 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 33 (5):441-452.
  48.  6
    Open-Field Behavior in Eight Taxa of Muroid Rodents.Daniel G. Webster, Denis J. Baumgardner & Donald A. Dewsbury - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (2):90-92.
  49.  29
    Use of Phylogenetic Analysis to Distinguish Adaptation From Exaptation.Daniel G. Blackburn - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):507-508.
    One important difference between adaptive and nonadaptive explanations can be found in the evolutionary sequence of structural and functional modifications. Phylogenetic analysis (cladistics) provides a powerful methodology for distinguishing exaptation from adaptation, by indicating whether character traits have predated, accompanied, or followed evolution of particular functions. Such analysis yields falsifiable hypotheses that can help to distinguish causal relationships from mere correlation.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  12
    From Beginning to End: The Importance of Evidence-Based Policymaking in Vaccination Mandates.Daniel G. Orenstein & Y. Tony Yang - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (S1):99-102.
    Used appropriately, reliance on science distinguishes public health from policymaking driven more by theory and opinion and enhances trust in public health interventions. Evidence-based vaccine policymaking aims to control communicable disease by urging decision makers to base policies on the best available evidence rather than politics or personal views. The results of this approach, such as smallpox eradication, have been dramatic. Historically, mandatory childhood vaccination has been perhaps the most successful evidence-based tool in combating many epidemics. Philosophically, vaccination mandates correspond (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 1000