Results for 'Daniel Jurafsky'

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  1.  22
    A Probabilistic Model of Lexical and Syntactic Access and Disambiguation.Daniel Jurafsky - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (2):137-194.
    The problems of access—retrieving linguistic structure from some mental grammar —and disambiguation—choosing among these structures to correctly parse ambiguous linguistic input—are fundamental to language understanding. The literature abounds with psychological results on lexical access, the access of idioms, syntactic rule access, parsing preferences, syntactic disambiguation, and the processing of garden‐path sentences. Unfortunately, it has been difficult to combine models which account for these results to build a general, uniform model of access and disambiguation at the lexical, idiomatic, and syntactic levels. (...)
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  2.  67
    On the Validity of Simulating Stagewise Development by Means of PDP Networks: Application of Catastrophe Analysis and an Experimental Test of Rule‐Like Network Performance.Risto Miikkulainen, Regina Vollmeyer, Bruce D. Burns, Keith J. Holyoak, Maartje E. J. Raijmakers, Sylvester van Koten, Peter C. M. Molenaar, Daniel Jurafsky, Gerhard Weber & Giuseppe Mantovani - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (1):101-136.
    This article addresses the ability of Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) networks to generate stagewise cognitive development in accordance with Piaget's theory of cognitive epigenesis. We carried out a replication study of the simulation experiments by McClelland (1989) and McClelland and Jenkins (1991) in which a PDP network learns to solve balance scale problems. In objective tests motivated from catastrophe theory, a mathematical theory of transitions in epigenetical systems, no evidence for stage transitions in network performance was found. It is concluded (...)
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  3.  11
    Idealization in epistemology: a modest modeling approach.Daniel Greco - 2023 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    It's standard in epistemology to approach questions about knowledge and rational belief using idealized, simplified models. But while the practice of constructing idealized models in epistemology is old, metaepistemological reflection on that practice is not. Greco argues that the fact that epistemologists build idealized models isn't merely a metaepistemological observation that can leave first-order epistemological debates untouched. Rather, once we view epistemology through the lens of idealization and model-building, the landscape looks quite different. Constructing idealized models is likely the best (...)
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  4. Foucault and Neoliberalism.Daniel Zamora (ed.) - 2015 - Malden, MA: Polity.
  5. Right practical reason: Aristotle, action, and prudence in Aquinas.Daniel Westberg - 1994 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book is a study of the role of intellect in human action as described by Thomas Aquinas. One of its primary aims is to compare the interpretation of Aristotle by Aquinas with the lines of interpretation offered in contemporary Aristotelian scholarship. The book seeks to clarify the problems involved in the appropriation of Aristotle's theory by a Christian theologian, including such topics as the practical syllogism and the problems of akrasia. Westberg argues that Aquinas was much closer to Aristotle (...)
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  6. Science, Community and the Transformation of American Philosophy 1860-1930.Daniel J. Wilson - 1991 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 27 (3):376-389.
     
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  7.  40
    Causation and Experimentation.Daniel M. Hausman - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):143 - 154.
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  8.  15
    Exploring the Yogasutra: philosophy and translation.Daniel Raveh - 2012 - New York: Continuum. Edited by Patañjali.
    Philosophical exploration of the Yogasutra, looking at themes of freedom, self-identity, time and transcendence, and translation - between languages, cultures and eras.
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  9.  55
    How to prove it: a structured approach.Daniel J. Velleman - 1994 - Cambridge ; New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Geared to preparing students to make the transition from solving problems to proving theorems, this text teachs them the techniques needed to read and write proofs. The book begins with the basic concepts of logic and set theory, to familiarize students with the language of mathematics and how it is interpreted. These concepts are used as the basis for a step-by-step breakdown of the most important techniques used in constructing proofs. To help students construct their own proofs, this new edition (...)
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  10.  12
    Escalas de localización e historias de la filosofía en Colombia.Daniel Mugnier Zuluaga, Carlos Arturo López Jiménez & Luis Miguel Viaña Pérez - 2024 - Revista Disertaciones 13 (1):3-8.
    En los escenarios universitarios cada vez resulta menos extraño toparse con investigaciones que indagan por la escritura filosófica proveniente de centros no hegemónicos de producción de conocimiento. Nosotros, que hemos tenido la oportunidad de acercarnos al pasado del ejercicio de la filosofía en el actual territorio colombiano, quisimos hacer una convocatoria pública de escritos dedicados a identificar temas, preguntas y formas en que la variopinta comunidad de la filosofía local está escribiendo su propia historia.
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  11.  8
    Péguy critico della ragione storica, L'inglorioso verticale.Daniel Bensaïd - 1992 - Idee 21:63-87.
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  12.  38
    Relational ethics and virtue theory.Daniel Putman - 1991 - Metaphilosophy 22 (3):231-238.
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  13. Torture and judgments of guilt.Daniel M. Wegner & Kurt Gray - unknown
    Although torture can establish guilt through confession, how are judgments of guilt made when tortured suspects do not confess? We suggest that perceived guilt is based inappropriately upon how much pain suspects appear to suffer during torture. Two psychological theories provide competing predictions about the link between pain and perceived blame: cognitive dissonance, which links pain to blame, and moral typecasting, which links pain to innocence. We hypothesized that dissonance might characterize the relationship between torture and blame for those close (...)
     
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  14.  35
    Environmental Intergenerational Justice and the Nonidentity Problem.Daniel Loewe - 2019 - Environmental Ethics 41 (4):333-345.
    A moral Kantian approach can be developed to deal with the nonidentity problem with regard to environmental intergenerationl justice—at least in cases of depletion or risky policy. Being a duty-oriented moral theory, this approach allows both that people coming into existence in a nonidentity situation can be glad to exist while simultaneously taking into account depletion or risky policy, to which their existence is causally related, as possibly being morally wrong because of a violation of moral duties.
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  15.  19
    A New View of “Fundamentality” for Time Asymmetries in Modern Physics.Daniel Wohlfarth - 2013 - In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), EPSA11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer. pp. 281--292.
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  16. Introduction.Daniel Whiting - 2009 - In The later Wittgenstein on language. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 1-16.
  17.  45
    A World of Fields.Daniel von Wachter - 2000 - In Jan Faye, Uwe Scheffler & Max Urchs (eds.), Things, Facts and Events. Rhodopi. pp. 305-325.
    Trope ontology is exposed and confronted with the question where one trope ends and another begins. It is argued that tropes do not have determinate boundaries, it is arbitrary how tropes are carved up. An ontology, which I call field ontology, is proposed which takes this into account. The material world consists of a certain number of fields, each of which is extended over all of space. It is shown how field ontology can also tackle the problem of determin-able properties (...)
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  18.  26
    Global–local interference modulated by communication between the hemispheres.Daniel H. Weissman & Marie T. Banich - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (3):283.
  19.  19
    Exploring Layers of Meaning with Deep Brain Stimulation Patients.Daniel R. Morrison & Mark J. Bliton - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (1):26-28.
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  20.  39
    On Threats and Punishments.Daniel M. Farrell - 1989 - Social Theory and Practice 15 (2):125-154.
  21.  62
    Meaning- theories and the principle of humanity.Daniel Whiting - 2006 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (4):697-716.
    In this paper, I briefly outline the notion of a truth-conditional meaning-theory and introduce two prominent problems it faces. The“extensionality problem” arises because not all correct specifications of truth-conditions are meaning-giving. The “explanatory problem”concerns the extent to which truth-conditional meaning-theories can contribute to the task of clarifying the nature of linguistic meaning.The “principle of humanity” is supposed to resolve both issues simultaneously. I argue that it fails to do so.
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  22.  37
    Responses to My Critics.Daniel M. Hausman, Herbert A. Simon & Hilldale - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2):164-175.
    This essay responds to the helpful criticisms of Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering, which have been offered by Elselijn Kingma, Adam Oliver, Anna Alexandrova, Alex Voorhoeve, Erik Nord and James Wilson. I am extremely grateful to Jonathan Wolf and especially James Wilson for arranging a one-day conference on my book, Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering [Hausman, D.. Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom, and Suffering. Oxford: Oxford University Press.], and for publishing this symposium. I am also grateful to the wonderful (...)
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  23.  71
    Rousseau’s Emile, or the Fear of Passions.Daniel Tröhler - 2012 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (5):477-489.
    Notwithstanding the general accepted understanding that Rousseau is the master of modern education reflecting the progress by enlightenment this articles suggests that Rousseau’s Emile is—as most of Rousseau’s other writings are, too—testimony to a brilliant and passionate writer expressing thoughts about his concern how to deal with passions—passion being one of the most disputed concepts in late seventeenth and in eighteenth century. The reading of Emile has therefore take into account polemic as a literary trope in Rousseau’s style of writing.
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  24. Aristotle against (unqualified) self-motion: Physics VII 1 α241b35-242a49 / β241b25-242a15.Daniel Coren - forthcoming - Ancient Philosophy.
    It is well known that Aristotle tries to make room for self-motion – an idea he inherits to some extent from Plato – within his other commitments to causal determinism while at the same time modifying the idea. However, one argument in Physics VII 1 seems to pose a problem for the bare possibility of self-motion; in it he seems to argue that everything that moves must be moved by something else. The text in which this argument appears is itself (...)
     
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  25.  22
    Anti-fat discrimination in marriage more clearly explains the poverty–obesity paradox.Daniel J. Hruschka & Seung-Yong Han - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  26.  14
    Structural Stigma, Legal Epidemiology, and COVID-19: The Ethical Imperative to Act Upstream.Daniel S. Goldberg - 2020 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 30 (3):339-359.
    The primary claim of this paper is that COVID-19 stigma must be understood as a structural phenomenon. Doing so will inform the interventions we select and prioritize for the amelioration of such stigma. Thinking about stigma as a macrosocial determinant of health driven by structural factors suggests that downstream remedies are unlikely to be effective in significantly reducing stigma. This paper develops and defends this claim, setting up a recommendation to use a “bundle” of legal and policy levers at meso- (...)
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  27.  72
    Cloning: Then and Now.Daniel Callahan - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (2):141-144.
    The possibility of human cloning first surfaced in the 1960s, stimulated by the report that a salamander had been cloned. James D. Watson and Joshua Lederberg, distinguished Nobel laureates, speculated that the cloning of human beings might one day be within reach; it was only a matter of time. Bioethics was still at that point in its infancybioethicsand cloning immediately caught the eye of a number of those beginning to write in the field. They included Paul Ramsey, Hans Jonas, and (...)
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  28.  67
    Is there a Moral Case for Nationalism?Daniel M. Weinstock - 1996 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (1):87-100.
    ABSTRACT Recent writings by philosophers such as David Miller and Yael Tamir have undertaken to provide nationalism with a normative foundation, a task which has been all but ignored by post‐War English‐language political philosophy. I identify and criticise three lines of argument which have been deployed in their writings. First, it is argued by Miller that the universalism and abstraction of rationalist moral theories have made them suspicious of ‘particularisms’ such as nationalism, but that they stem from a faulty metaethics. (...)
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  29.  1
    Hisṭoryah shel ha-psikhologyah =.Daniel Algom - 2019 - Raʻananah: Bet ha-hotsaʼah la-or shel ha-Universiṭah ha-petuḥah.
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  30. I'm a Map, I'm a Green Tree.Daniel Anderson - 2010 - Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy 15 (1):n1.
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  31.  6
    ʻAl śefat ha-heʼarah =.Daniel Arel - 2017 - Ḥefah: Pardes, sifrut ʻIvrit mitḳademet.
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  32.  4
    Un parent seul, ça n’existe pas!Daniel Coum - 2018 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 2:37-48.
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  33.  3
    Pascal et notre coeur.Henri Daniel-Rops - 1948 - Strasbourg,: F. X. Le Roux.
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  34.  62
    Instead of a review.Daniel Dennett - manuscript
    forthcoming in Artificial Intelligence Journal.
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  35. Philosophy and education, an essay..Daniel Bell Leary - 1921 - [Buffalo] University of Buffalo,:
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  36. Ethik der Lebenskunst: zur Nietzsche-Rezeption in der evangelischen Theologie.Daniel Mourkojannis - 2000 - Münster: Lit.
  37.  3
    Pierre Bourdieu und die Kulturwissenschaften: zur Aktualität eines undisziplinierten Denkens.Daniel Šuber, Hilmar Schäfer & Sophia Prinz (eds.) - 2011 - Konstanz: UVK Verlagsgesellschaft.
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  38.  13
    Civil Rights: Prisoners' Right to Treatment Information under Pabon v. Wright.Daniel P. Wilansky - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):831-832.
    In Pabon v. Wright, the Second Circuit held that the Fourteenth Amendment right to refuse medical treatment contained a corollary right to the information necessary to make an informed decision. Plaintiff, William Pabon, was an inmate at Green Haven Correctional Facility in New York. He named two groups of defendants: his doctors and nurses at Green Haven and his doctors at Dutchess Gastroenterologists, P.C..In October 1996, a laboratory test indicated that Plaintiff may have contracted Hepatitis C. The Green Haven doctors (...)
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  39.  16
    On Division of Reason in Kant: The Rupture with the Absolute Rationality System.Daniel Labrador Montero - 2018 - Journal of Humanities of Valparaiso 11:39-74.
    This article intends to show how the philosophy of Kant supposes a rupture with the doctrines based on a system of absolute rationality, where the most important element is the unity of reason. In this way, it will try to underline the main critiques of the Prussian philosopher to theories based on the unity of reason and direct access to reality, as well as exposing the Kantian proposal of a unitary formal rational structure, but with several irreconcilable uses.
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  40.  31
    On Partisan Compromise.Daniel Weinstock - 2019 - Political Theory 47 (1):90-96.
  41.  15
    Reason and Right in Hobbes' "Leviathan".Daniel M. Farrell - 1984 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 1 (3):297 - 314.
  42.  33
    Modeling the development process of dialogical critical thinking in pupils aged 10 to 12 years.Marie-France Daniel, Louise Lafortune, Richard Pallascio, Laurance Splitter, Christina Slade & Teresa de la Garza - unknown
    This research project investigated manifestations of critical thinking in pupils 10 to 12 years of age during their group discussions held in the context of Philosophy for Children Adapted to Mathematics. The objective of the research project was to examine, through the pupils' discussions, the development of dialogical critical thinking processes. The research was conducted during an entire school year. The research method was based on the Grounded Theory approach; the material used consisted of transcripts of verbal exchanges among the (...)
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  43.  26
    The More Who Die, the Less We Care Psychic Numbing and Genocide.Daniel Västfjäll & Paul Slovic - 2015 - In David Kim & Susanne Kaul (eds.), Imagining Human Rights. De Gruyter. pp. 55-68.
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  44. Personal Identity and the Methodology of Imaginary Cases.Daniel Cohnitz - 2003 - In Klaus Petrus (ed.), Human Persons. Ontos.
  45.  22
    Brain death: A durable consensus?Daniel Wikler - 1993 - Bioethics 7 (2-3):239-246.
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  46.  38
    Weshalb analytische Urteile kontingent und a posteriori sind.Daniel von Wachter - 1996 - In Alfred Schramm (ed.), Philosophie in Österreich 1996. Hölder-Pichler-Tempsky. pp. 227-230.
    Analytic judgements are contingent and a posteriori.
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  47.  10
    Last call: humanity hanging from a cross of iron and our escape to another planet.Daniel R. Altschuler - 2022 - New Jersey: World Scientific.
    This book tries to look at human thought and action from a scientific perspective, and in the process, acquaints the reader with essential concepts about science and its history. It takes a broad look at our present troubles without overlooking some crucial historical, religious, and political causes but places science at the center stage. The author applies what he has learned throughout his career to go beyond science. After an introduction setting the scene and a review of the "scientific temper" (...)
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  48. The" Clatter of Triplicity". Adorno's Reception of Hegel.Daniel Althof - forthcoming - Hegel-Studien.
     
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  49.  12
    Humanismo latino e opiniões acerca da pena de morte.Daniel Alves & Mauro Meirelles - 2004 - In Luiz Carlos Bombassaro, Arno Dal Ri Júnior & Jayme Paviani (eds.), As interfaces do humanismo latino. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS. pp. 265--76.
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  50.  20
    Lo Transindividual: de Simondon a Marx.Daniel Alvaro - 2016 - Trans/Form/Ação 39 (4):153-172.
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