Results for 'Daniel K. Palmer'

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  1.  33
    On the Organism-Environment Distinction in Psychology.Daniel K. Palmer - 2004 - Behavior and Philosophy 32 (2):317 - 347.
    Most psychology begins with a distinction between organism and environment, where the two are implicitly (and sometimes explicitly) conceptualized as flipsides of a skin-severed space. This paper examines that conceptualization. Dewey and Bentley's (1949) account of firm naming is used to show that psychologists have, in general, (1) employed the skin as a morphological criterion for distinguishing organisms from backgrounds, and (2) equated background with environment. This two-step procedure, which in this article is named the morphological conception of organism, is (...)
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  2.  27
    Specifying Psychology's Observable Units: Toward an Integration of Kantor's "Behavior Segment", Skinner's "Operant", and Lee's "Deed".Daniel K. Palmer - 2003 - Behavior and Philosophy 31:81 - 110.
    Psychologists sometimes discuss the need to refine clear designations of the observable units comprising their subject matter. This paper links such discussions to (a) Dewey and Bentley's (1949) account of specification as relatively accurate unit-designation, and (b) the logical base of scientific classifications and abstractions in observable particulars. The paper then reviews, clarifies, evaluates, and contrasts the psychological units proposed by Kantor (behavior segment), Skinner (operant), and Lee (deed). Overall, Lee's deed is found to be the sharpest, least ambiguous designation, (...)
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  3.  27
    Regular Articles Perceiving Temporal Regularity in Music* 1 Edward W. Large, Caroline Palmer Memory for Goals: An Activation-Based Model* 39 Erik M. Altmann, J. Gregory Trafton. [REVIEW]John R. Anderson, Deb K. Roy, Alex P. Pentland, Vincent Awmm Aleven, Kenneth R. Koedinger, Yafen Lo, Ashley Sides, Joseph Rozelle, Daniel Osherson & Bruno Laeng - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (837):839.
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  4.  25
    Confucianism: A Very Short Introduction.Daniel K. Gardner - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    Daniel K. Gardner explores the major philosophical ideas of the Confucian tradition, showing the profound social and political impact it had and continues to have in China.
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  5.  20
    Moral Psychology.Daniel K. Lapsley - 1996 - Westview Press.
    Moral functioning is a defining feature of human personhood and human social life. Moral Psychology provides an integrative and evaluative overview of the theoretical and empirical traditions that have attempted to make sense of moral cognition, prosocial behavior, and the development of virtuous character.This is the first book to integrate a comprehensive review of the psychological literatures with allied traditions in ethics. Moral rationality and decisionmaking; the development of the sense of fairness and justice, and of prosocial dispositions; as well (...)
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  6.  39
    On Dual Processing and Heuristic Approaches to Moral Cognition.Daniel K. Lapsley & Patrick L. Hill - 2008 - Journal of Moral Education 37 (3):313-332.
    We examine the implications of dual?processing theories of cognition for the moral domain, with particular emphasis upon ?System 1? theories: the Social Intuitionist Model (Haidt), moral heuristics (Sunstein), fast?and?frugal moral heuristics (Gigerenzer), schema accessibility (Lapsley & Narvaez) and moral expertise (Narvaez). We argue that these theories differ from each other in important ways and should be carefully distinguished. We examine these theories in the light of the ?Berkowitz Rule? with respect to educational practice and conclude with some thoughts about the (...)
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  7.  7
    The Four Books: The Basic Teachings of the Later Confucian Tradition.Daniel K. Gardner - 2007 - Hackett Publishing Company.
    In this engaging volume, Daniel Gardner explains the way in which the Four Books--_Great Learning_, _Analects_, _Mencius_, and _Maintaining Perfect Balance_--have been read and understood by the Chinese since the twelfth century. Selected passages in translation are accompanied by Gardner's comments, which incorporate selections from the commentary and interpretation of the renowned Neo-Confucian thinker, Zhu Xi. This study provides an ideal introduction to the basic texts in the Confucian tradition from the twelfth through the twentieth centuries. It guides the (...)
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  8.  62
    Ethics and Epidemics.Daniel K. Sokol - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):28 – 29.
  9.  48
    Absolute Music and the Construction of Meaning.Daniel K. L. Chua - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is born out of two contradictions: first, it explores the making of meaning in a musical form that was made to lose its meaning at the turn of the nineteenth century; secondly, it is a history of a music that claims to have no history - absolute music. The book therefore writes against that notion of absolute music which tends to be the paradigm for most musicological and analytical studies. It is concerned not so much with what music (...)
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  10.  7
    The Development of the Moral Personality.Daniel K. Lapsley & Patrick L. Hill - 2009 - In Darcia Narvaez & Daniel Lapsley (eds.), Personality, Identity, and Character. Cambridge University Press. pp. 185--213.
  11. Truth-Telling in the Doctor–Patient Relationship: A Case Analysis.Daniel K. Sokol - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (3):130-134.
    Using a real-life case involving an accidental discovery of misattributed paternity as a springboard for discussion, I reflect on several practical and theoretical issues surrounding truth-telling in the doctor-patient relationship. I present the moral dilemma and identify arguments in favour of and against disclosure. I then examine the theoretical difficulties in balancing conflicting reasons and in establishing what constitutes the 'truth'. I conclude that withholding the information from the patients would be ethically permissible and, more generally, that honesty is not (...)
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  12.  20
    To Give or Sell Human Gametes - the Interplay Between Pragmatics, Policy and Ethics.K. R. Daniels - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (3):206-211.
    The ever-growing acceptance and use of assisted human reproduction techniques has caused demand for “donated” sperm and eggs to outstrip supply. Medical professionals and others argue that monetary reward is the only way to recruit sufficient numbers of “donors”. Is this a clash between pragmatics and policy/ethics? Where monetary payments are the norm, alternative recruitment strategies used successfully elsewhere may not have been considered, nor the negative consequences of commercialism on all participants thought through. Considerations leading some countries to ban (...)
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  13. Dissecting “Deception”.Daniel K. Sokol - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):457-464.
    edited by Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry, welcomes contributions on the conceptual and theoretical dimensions of bioethics.
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  14.  8
    Ghosts and Spirits in the Sung Neo-Confucian World: Chu Hsi on Kuei-Shen.Daniel K. Gardner - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (4):598-611.
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  15.  35
    Preserving the Right to Future Children: An Ethical Case Analysis.Gwendolyn P. Quinn, Daniel K. Stearsman, Lisa Campo-Engelstein & Devin Murphy - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):38-43.
    We report on the case of a 2-year-old female, the youngest person ever to undergo ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC). This patient was diagnosed with a rare form of sickle cell disease, which required a bone-marrow transplant, and late effects included high risk of future infertility or complete sterility. Ethical concerns are raised, as the patient's mother made the decision for OTC on the patient's behalf with the intention that this would secure the option of biological childbearing in the future. Based (...)
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  16.  19
    Rethinking Cyber War.Daniel K. Rosenfield - 2009 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 21 (1):77-90.
    ABSTRACT Cybernetic attacks have been wrongly perceived as weapons of physical destruction rather than of disruption. Because modern, post?industrial societies have become critically dependent on computer networks to function on a day?to?day basis, disruption of those networks could have serious social and economic consequences. In order to better protect society, policymakers will have to re?orient their approach toward cyber security so as to emphasize the genuine cybernetic threat, which is network disruption rather than physical destruction.
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  17.  3
    Assessing Benefits in Clinical Research: Why Diversity in Benefit Assessment Can Be Risky.Larry R. Churchill, Daniel K. Nelson, Gail E. Henderson, Nancy M. P. King, Arlene M. Davis, Erin Leahey & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2003 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 25 (3):1.
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  18.  11
    Did That Just Happen? Event Segmentation Influences Enumeration and Working Memory for Simple Overlapping Visual Events.Joan Danielle K. Ongchoco & Brian J. Scholl - 2019 - Cognition 187:188-197.
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  19.  11
    Zhu Xi's Reading of the Analects: Canon, Commentary, and the Classical Tradition.Edward Slingerland & Daniel K. Gardner - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (3):677.
  20.  12
    Moral Personality: Themes, Questions, Futures.Darcia Narvaez & Daniel K. Lapsley - 2009 - In Darcia Narvaez & Daniel Lapsley (eds.), Personality, Identity, and Character. Cambridge University Press. pp. 441.
  21.  15
    Achaeans and Indo-Europeans. An Inaugural Lecture Delivered Before the University of Oxford on 4 November 1954. [REVIEW]W. K. Matthews & L. R. Palmer - 1956 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 76:145-146.
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  22.  17
    Sports Medicine and Ethics.Daniela Testoni, Christoph P. Hornik, P. Brian Smith, Daniel K. Benjamin & Ross E. McKinney - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):4 - 12.
    Physicians working in the world of competitive sports face unique ethical challenges, many of which center around conflicts of interest. Team-employed physicians have obligations to act in the club's best interest while caring for the individual athlete. As such, they must balance issues like protecting versus sharing health information, as well as issues regarding autonomous informed consent versus paternalistic decision making in determining whether an athlete may compete safely. Moreover, the physician has to deal with an athlete's decisions about performance (...)
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  23.  36
    Gardner, Daniel K., Trans., The Four Books: The Basic Teachings of the Later Confucian Tradition.Bryan W. Van Norden - 2008 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 7 (1):103-106.
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  24.  18
    Killing on the Frontier: Meat Eating as an Extreme Case for Christian Ethics.Daniel K. Miller - 2012 - Modern Theology 28 (1):53-80.
    This article argues that killing animals for food represents an extreme case within Christian moral thinking comparable to Karl Barth's Grenzfall argument against such violent acts as suicide, abortion, killing in self‐defense, capital punishment, and war. This position is in contrast to the view of many environmental philosophers who hold human hunting to be comparable to animal predation. It also disputes the language of substitutionary sacrifice prevalent in some Christian discussions of meat eating.
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  25.  1
    Latent Inhibition in the Autoshaping Paradigm.Daniel K. Tranberg & Mark Rilling - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 11 (5):273-276.
  26.  19
    The Scientific Life in the Alpine: Recreation and Moral Life in the Field.Danielle K. Inkpen - 2018 - Isis 109 (3):515-537.
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  27. Learning to Be a Sage: Selections From the Conversations of Master Chu, Arranged Topically.Daniel K. Gardner (ed.) - 1990 - University of California Press.
    Students and teachers of Chinese history and philosophy will not want to miss Daniel Gardner's accessible translation of the teachings of Chu Hsi —a luminary of the Confucian tradition who dominated Chinese intellectual life for centuries. Homing in on a primary concern of our own time, Gardner focuses on Chu Hsi's passionate interest in education and its importance to individual development. For hundreds of years, every literate person in China was familiar with Chu Hsi's teachings. They informed the curricula (...)
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  28.  17
    Intensity of Mystical Experiences Occasioned by 5-MeO-DMT and Comparison With a Prior Psilocybin Study.Joseph Barsuglia, Alan K. Davis, Robert Palmer, Rafael Lancelotta, Austin-Marley Windham-Herman, Kristel Peterson, Martin Polanco, Robert Grant & Roland R. Griffiths - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  46
    How to Father a Child When Dead.Daniel K. Sokol - 2004 - Think 3 (7):89-90.
    Is it right for a wife to take sperm from a dying husband in order to create a child posthumously? Daniel Sokol discusses a recent case.
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  30.  5
    Roles for Models in Understanding Neural Networks.Daniel K. Hartline - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (4):551-552.
  31. The Moral Dynamics of Economic Life: An Extension and Critique of Caritas in Veritate.Daniel K. Finn (ed.) - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    Caritas in veritate (Charity in Truth) is the ''social'' encyclical of Pope Benedict XVI, one of many papal encyclicals over the last 120 years that address economic life. This volume, based on discussions at a symposium co-sponsored by the Institute for Advanced Catholic Studies and the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, analyzes the situation of the Church and the theological basis for Benedict's thinking about the person, community, and the globalized economy.
     
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  32.  11
    The Promise of Interdisciplinary Engagement: Christian Ethics and Economics as a Test Case.Daniel K. Finn - 2010 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 30 (2):3-18.
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  33. Daniel K. Finn, The Moral Ecology of Markets: Assessing Claims About Markets and Justice.J. Foster - 2007 - Philosophy in Review 27 (2):110.
     
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  34.  7
    On the Alleged Degeneration of the Kohlbergian Research Program.Daniel K. Lapsley & Ronald C. Serlin - 1984 - Educational Theory 34 (2):157-169.
  35.  13
    The Moral Ecology of South Africa's Township Youth.Daniel K. Lapsley - 2010 - Journal of Moral Education 39 (3):403-405.
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  36.  7
    John R. Searle, Freedom and Neurobiology: Reflections on Free Will, Language, and Political Power Reviewed By.Daniel K. Silber - 2010 - Philosophy in Review 30 (1):63-65.
  37. Perspectives-What Is False Hope?Daniel K. Sokol - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (4):368.
     
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  38.  31
    Reflecting on Our 'Yuk!'.Daniel K. Sokol - 2005 - Think 3 (9):39-41.
    Is a suitable basis for making moral decisions?
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  39.  8
    What is False Hope?Daniel K. Sokol - 2006 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 17 (4):367.
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  40. Drifting : The Dialectics of Adorno's Philosophy of New Music.Daniel K. L. Chua - 2006 - In Berthold Hoeckner (ed.), Apparitions: New Perspectives on Adorno and Twentieth Century Music. Routledge.
  41.  27
    What is a Surgical Complication?Daniel K. Sokol Æ James Wilson - unknown
    In preparing for a lecture on the ethics of surgical complications, it became apparent that confusion exists about the definition of a ‘‘surgical complication.’’ Is it, as one medical website states, ‘‘any undesirable result of surgery?’’ [1]. In the European Journal of Surgery, Veen et al. [2] provide a more elaborate definition: ‘‘every unwanted development in the illness of the patient or in the treatment of the patient’s illness that occurs in the clinic’’ [2]. An esteemed historian of science suggests (...)
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  42. Diagnosis, Health Beliefs, and Risk of HIV Infection in Psychiatric Patients.Daniel K. Winstead - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (2).
     
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  43.  8
    Consent Forms and the Therapeutic Misconception.Nancy M. P. King, Gail E. Henderson, Larry R. Churchill, Arlene M. Davis, Sara Chandros Hull, Daniel K. Nelson, P. Christy Parham-Vetter, Barbra Bluestone Rothschild, Michele M. Easter & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (1):1-7.
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  44. The Policy and Ethics of Surrogacy in New Zealand: Who is Left Holding the Baby.K. R. Daniels & K. Hargreaves - 1997 - Otago Bioethics Report 6 (2):1-4.
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  45.  56
    The Anomaly Called Psi: Recent Research and Criticism.K. Ramakrishna Rao & John Palmer - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (4):539-51.
    Over the past hundred years, a number of scientific investigators claim to have adduced experimental evidence for phenomena information” seems to behave like a weak signal that has to compete for the information-processing resources of the organism, a reduction of ongoing sensorimotor activity may facilitate ESP detection. Such a meaningful convergence of results suggests that psi phenomena may represent a unitary, coherent process whose nature and compatibility with current physical theory have yet to be determined. The theoretical implications and potential (...)
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  46.  29
    Reaching for the Unknown: Multiple Target Encoding and Real-Time Decision-Making in a Rapid Reach Task.Craig S. Chapman, Jason P. Gallivan, Daniel K. Wood, Jennifer L. Milne, Jody C. Culham & Melvyn A. Goodale - 2010 - Cognition 116 (2):168-176.
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  47.  6
    Emotion Norms, Display Rules, and Regulation in the Akan Society of Ghana: An Exploration Using Proverbs.Vivian A. Dzokoto, Annabella Osei-Tutu, Jane J. Kyei, Maxwell Twum-Asante, Dzifa A. Attah & Daniel K. Ahorsu - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  48.  48
    Bridging the Gap Between Theory and Practice: Using the 1991 Federal Sentencing Guidelines as a Paradigm for Ethics Training. [REVIEW]Daniel E. Palmer & Abe Zakhem - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):77 - 84.
    Although Business Ethics has become a topic of wide discussion in both academia and the corporate world, questions remain as how to present ethical issues in a manner that will effectively influence the decisions and behavior of business employees. In this paper we argue that the Federal Sentencing Guidelines (FSG) offer a unique opportunity for bridging the gap between the theory and practice of business ethics. We first explain what the FSG are and how they apply to organizations. We then (...)
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  49. IAO-Intel: An Ontology of Information Artifacts in the Intelligence Domain.Barry Smith, Tatiana Malyuta, Ron Rudnicki, William Mandrick, David Salmen, Peter Morosoff, Danielle K. Duff, James Schoening & Kesny Parent - 2013 - In Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Semantic Technologies for Intelligence, Defense, and Security (STIDS), CEUR, vol. 1097. pp. 33-40.
    We describe on-going work on IAO-Intel, an information artifact ontology developed as part of a suite of ontologies designed to support the needs of the US Army intelligence community within the framework of the Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS-A). IAO-Intel provides a controlled, structured vocabulary for the consistent formulation of metadata about documents, images, emails and other carriers of information. It will provide a resource for uniform explication of the terms used in multiple existing military dictionaries, thesauri and metadata registries, (...)
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  50.  31
    Telling the Patient's Story: Using Theatre Training to Improve Case Presentation Skills.Rachel R. Hammer, Johanna D. Rian, Jeremy K. Gregory, J. Michael Bostwick, Candace Barrett Birk, Louise Chalfant, Paul D. Scanlon & Daniel K. Hall-Flavin - 2011 - Medical Humanities 37 (1):18-22.
    A medical student's ability to present a case history is a critical skill that is difficult to teach. Case histories presented without theatrical engagement may fail to catch the attention of their intended recipients. More engaging presentations incorporate ‘stage presence’, eye contact, vocal inflection, interesting detail and succinct, well organised performances. They convey stories effectively without wasting time. To address the didactic challenge for instructing future doctors in how to ‘act’, the Mayo Medical School and The Mayo Clinic Center for (...)
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