66 found
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  1. Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.Daniel Little - 1991 - Westview Press.
    Professor Little presents an introduction to the philosophy of social science with an emphasis on the central forms of explanation in social science: rational-intentional, causal, functional, structural, materialist, statistical and interpretive. The book is very strong on recent developments, particularly in its treatment of rational choice theory, microfoundations for social explanation, the idea of supervenience, functionalism, and current discussions of relativism.Of special interest is Professor Little’s insight that, like the philosophy of natural science, the philosophy of social science can profit (...)
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  2.  21
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
  3.  6
    Logical-Rule Models of Classification Response Times: A Synthesis of Mental-Architecture, Random-Walk, and Decision-Bound Approaches.Mario Fific, Daniel R. Little & Robert M. Nosofsky - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):309-348.
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  4.  15
    Short-Term Memory Scanning Viewed as Exemplar-Based Categorization.Robert M. Nosofsky, Daniel R. Little, Christopher Donkin & Mario Fific - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):280-315.
  5. Bayesian Computation and Mechanism: Theoretical Pluralism Drives Scientific Emergence.David K. Sewell, Daniel R. Little & Stephan Lewandowsky - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (4):212-213.
    The breadth-first search adopted by Bayesian researchers to map out the conceptual space and identify what the framework can do is beneficial for science and reflective of its collaborative and incremental nature. Theoretical pluralism among researchers facilitates refinement of models within various levels of analysis, which ultimately enables effective cross-talk between different levels of analysis.
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  6. Microfoundations, Method and Causation on the Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1998
  7.  6
    Varieties of Social Explanation.Daniel Little - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):404-406.
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  8. New Directions in the Philosophy of Social Science: The Heterogeneous Social.Daniel Little - 2016 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    An accessible introduction to the latest developments and debates in the philosophy of social science.
     
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  9.  16
    “Aha!” is Stronger When Preceded by a “Huh?”: Presentation of a Solution Affects Ratings of Aha Experience Conditional on Accuracy.Margaret E. Webb, Simon J. Cropper & Daniel R. Little - 2019 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (3):324-364.
    Insight has been investigated under the assumption that participants solve insight problems with insight processes and/or experiences. A recent trend has involved presenting participants with the solution and analysing the resultant experience as if insight has taken place. We examined self-reports of the aha experience, a defining aspect of insight, before and after feedback, along with additional affective components of insight. Classic insight problems, compound remote associates, and non-insight problems were randomly interleaved and presented to participants. Solution feedback increased ratings (...)
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  10. Causal Mechanisms in the Social Realm.Daniel Little - 2011 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press. pp. 273.
     
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  11.  18
    The Contributions of Convergent Thinking, Divergent Thinking, and Schizotypy to Solving Insight and Non-Insight Problems.Margaret E. Webb, Daniel R. Little, Simon J. Cropper & Kayla Roze - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (3):235-258.
    The ability to generate diverse ideas is valuable in solving creative problems ; yet, however advantageous, this ability is insufficient to solve the problem alone and requires the ability to logically deduce an assessment of correctness of each solution. Positive schizotypy may help isolate the aspects of divergent thinking prevalent in insight problem solving. Participants were presented with a measure of schizotypy, divergent and convergent thinking tasks, insight problems, and non-insight problems. We found no evidence for a relationship between schizotypy (...)
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  12.  10
    Mill on Liberty.Daniel Little - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):434.
  13. 12 Philosophy of Sociology.Daniel Little - 2010 - In Fritz Allhoff (ed.), Philosophies of the Sciences. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 293.
     
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  14.  28
    Mechanisms and Method.Daniel Little - 2015 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 45 (4-5):462-480.
    Causal mechanisms theory has provided an important contribution to the theory of social explanation. This article considers whether CMT also makes a contribution to improvement of social science methodology. Methodology serves as a guide to the construction of research questions and explanatory hypotheses. Research is guided by background assumptions about the ontology of the domain of investigation. CMT provides a valuable ontology for social science research. Furthermore, it provides a valuable research heuristic: “seek out the causal mechanisms that underlie an (...)
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  15.  13
    Fallibilism and Ontology in Tuukka Kaidesoja’s Critical Realist Social Ontology.Daniel Little - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (2):349-358.
    This article addresses Tuukka Kaidesoja’s critique of the philosophical presuppositions of Roy Bhaskar’s theories of critical realism. The article supports Kaidesoja’s naturalistic approach to the philosophy of the social sciences, including the field of social ontology. The article discusses the specific topics of fallibilism, emergence, and causal powers. I conclude that Kaidesoja’s book is a valuable contribution to current debates over critical realism.
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  16.  8
    The Scientific Marx.Daniel Little - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (3):421-423.
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  17.  53
    On the Scope and Limits of Generalizations in the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1993 - Synthese 97 (2):183 - 207.
    This article disputes the common view that social science explanations depend on discovery of lawlike generalizations from which descriptions of social outcomes can be derived. It distinguishes between governing and phenomenal regularities, and argues that social regularities are phenomenal rather than governing. In place of nomological deductive arguments, the article maintains that social explanations depend on the discovery of causal mechanisms underlying various social processes. The metaphysical correlate of this argument is that there are no social kinds: types of social (...)
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  18.  27
    The Heterogeneous Social : New Thinking About the Foundations of the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 2009 - In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 154--78.
  19.  6
    Rethinking Democracy: Freedom and Social Cooperation in Politics, Economy, and Society.Daniel Little & Carol C. Gould - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (4):672.
  20.  2
    Social Ontology De-Dramatized.Daniel Little - forthcoming - Philosophy of the Social Sciences:004839312091614.
    The article responds to Richard Lauer’s “Is Social Ontology Prior to Social Scientific Methodology?” The article concurs that “social ontology matters” for the conduct of research and theory in social science. It argues, however, that neither of the interpretations of the status of social ontology offered by Lauer is satisfactory. The article argues for a naturalized, fallibilist, and realist interpretation of the claims of social ontology and presents the field of social ontology as the most abstract edge of social-science theorizing, (...)
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  21.  58
    Explaining Large-Scale Historical Change.Daniel Little - 2000 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 30 (1):89-112.
    A prominent historiographic theme in the past decade has been a movement away from causal explanation of large-scale processes and outcomes and toward narrative interpretation of singular historical processes. This article argues for the continued vitality of large-scale historical inquiry and surveys the historiographic issues that arise in large-scale historical explanation. The article proceeds through an examination of several important recent examples of large-scale history: comparative history of Europe and China, the history of alternative forms of industrial organization, and the (...)
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  22.  49
    Causal Explanation in the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1995 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 34 (S1):31-56.
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  23.  35
    The Social Theory of Practices: Tradition, Tacit Knowledge, and Presuppositions.Daniel Little - 1996 - Ethics 106 (3):665-666.
  24.  51
    Reflective Equilibrium and Justification.Daniel Little - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):373-387.
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  25.  15
    Reconstructing Marxism: Essays on Explanation and the Theory of History.Daniel Little, Erik Olin Wright, Andrew Levine & Elliott Sober - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (1):199.
  26.  14
    Reason in Action: Essays in the Philosophy of Social Science.Daniel Little - 1997 - Ethics 108 (1):211-212.
  27.  11
    Maximal Mutual Information, Not Minimal Entropy, for Escaping the “Dark Room”.Daniel Ying-Jeh Little & Friedrich Tobias Sommer - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):220-221.
    A behavioral drive directed solely at minimizing prediction error would cause an agent to seek out states of unchanging, and thus easily predictable, sensory inputs (such as a dark room). The default to an evolutionarily encoded prior to avoid such untenable behaviors is unsatisfying. We suggest an alternate information theoretic interpretation to address this dilemma.
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  28.  17
    Beyond Subjective Morality: Ethical Reasoning and Political Philosophy. James S. Fishkin.Daniel Little - 1984 - Ethics 96 (1):187-188.
  29.  1
    Organizations as Actors: Microfoundations of Organizational Intentionality.Daniel Little - 2020 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 50 (3):260-279.
    The article addresses the topic of “group agency” with respect to large organizations. It undertakes to analyze some of the concrete micro- and meso-level processes through which large organizations arrive at collective “knowledge” and “action.” The article makes use of the theory of strategic action fields to analyze processes of knowledge and the implementation of organizational intentions. The article describes some of the dysfunctions and disunities that should be expected from these individual-level processes, including principal–agent problems, conflicts of interests and (...)
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  30.  88
    Historical Materialism and Capital.Daniel Little - 1986 - Topoi 5 (2):187-196.
    It is commonly supposed that Marx's Capital is part and parcel of his theory of historical materialism. It is argued here, however, that this view is incorrect, and that Capital is distinguished from the more general theory of historical materialism in its standing as a work of social science. This conclusion rests on several grounds. First, Capital is substantially more specialized than the theory of historical materialism, since it is concerned only with one aspect of one mode of production. As (...)
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  31.  13
    Evidence and Objectivity in the Social Sciences.Daniel Little - 1993 - Social Research 60:363-396.
  32.  22
    Marxism and Popular Politics: The Microfoundations of Class Conflict.Daniel Little - 1989 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 19 (sup1):163-204.
  33.  4
    Reflective Equilibrium and Justification.Daniel Little - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):373-387.
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  34.  21
    Logical-Rules and the Classification of Integral Dimensions: Individual Differences in the Processing of Arbitrary Dimensions.Anthea G. Blunden, Tony Wang, David W. Griffiths & Daniel R. Little - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  35. On the Reliability of Economic Models Essays in the Philosophy of Economics.Daniel Little - 1995
     
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  36.  10
    Entangling the Social: Comments on Alexander Wendt, Quantum Mind and Social Science.Daniel Little - 2018 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 48 (2):167-176.
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  37.  15
    Socialist Morality: Towards a Political Philosophy for Democratic Socialism*: Daniel Little.Daniel Little - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):1-24.
    There has been much discussion in recent years of the role of moral ideas within Marxism. Marx's stringent criticisms of purely philosophical inquiry impose rather narrow limits on the form which a Marxian moral philosophy might take. For Marx often holds that moral ideas and moral theorizing are irremediably ideological. By this Marx appears to mean that moral ideas are part and parcel of a system of class domination, a way of preserving class domination through internalized norms. As many recent (...)
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  38. Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Daniel E. Little - 1999 - In Robert Audi (ed.), The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 2--704.
  39.  42
    Collective Action and the Traditional Village.Daniel Little - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (1):41-58.
    This article considers the dispute between moral economy and rational peasant theories of agrarian societies in application to problems of collective action. The moral-economy theory holds that traditional peasant society is organized cooperatively through shared moral values and communal institutions; while the rational-peasant theory maintains that peasant society shows the mark of rational individual calculation, leading to free-rider problems that undermine successful collective action. This article offers an abstract model of a traditional village and assesses the applicability of recent qualifications (...)
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  40.  9
    Set Size Slope Still Does Not Distinguish Parallel From Serial Search.Daniel R. Little, Ami Eidels, Joseph W. Houpt & Cheng-Ta Yang - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  41.  6
    Marx's Theory of Scientific Knowledge.Daniel Little - 1989 - Philosophical Books 30 (1):29-30.
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  42.  6
    Replication is Already Mainstream: Lessons From Small-N Designs.Daniel R. Little & Philip L. Smith - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  43.  11
    Abstraction and Theory.Daniel Little - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):441-452.
  44.  24
    Countervailing Tendencies and Falsifiability in Capital.Daniel Little - 1981 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 42 (2):283-291.
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  45.  19
    Socialist Morality: Towards a Political Philosophy for Democratic Socialism.Daniel Little - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 6 (2):1.
    There has been much discussion in recent years of the role of moral ideas within Marxism. Marx's stringent criticisms of purely philosophical inquiry impose rather narrow limits on the form which a Marxian moral philosophy might take. For Marx often holds that moral ideas and moral theorizing are irremediably ideological. By this Marx appears to mean that moral ideas are part and parcel of a system of class domination, a way of preserving class domination through internalized norms. As many recent (...)
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  46.  22
    Philosophy of History.Daniel Little - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  47.  6
    Explanatory Autonomy and Coleman’s Boat.Daniel Little - 2012 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 27 (2):137-151.
    The paper addresses the question of whether an actor-centered social ontology can admit of relatively autonomous social causal explanations. It offers an alternative to the theory of social causation represented by Coleman’s Boat, according to which all macro-explanations must proceed through micro-level processes. The paper argues instead that the examples of other special sciences demonstrate the validity of the idea of “relative explanatory autonomy” in the case of social causal reasoning. These considerations provide a basis for affirming the legitimacy of (...)
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  48.  16
    Abstraction and Theory Marx's Method for Social Science.Daniel Little - 1982 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 20 (4):441-452.
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  49.  8
    Marxist Theory and Soviet Practice: "Ernest Gellner's Appraisal of Contemporary Soviet Ethnography".Daniel Little - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):238.
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  50.  7
    Collective Action and the Traditional Village.Daniel Little - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (1):41-58.
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