Results for 'Daniel R��nnedal'

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  1.  1
    Reading Texts, Reading Lives: Essays in the Tradition of Humanistic Cultural Criticism in Honor of Daniel R. Schwarz.Daniel R. Schwarz, Helen Morin Maxson & Daniel Morris (eds.) - 2012 - University of Delaware Press.
    Distinguished contributors take up eminent scholar Daniel R. Schwarz’s reading of modern fiction and poetry as mediating between human desire and human action. The essayists follow Schwarz’s advice, “always the text, always historicize,” thus making this book relevant to current debates about the relationships between literature, ethics, aesthetics, and historical contexts.
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  2.  33
    Social Versus Reproductive Success: The Central Theoretical Problem of Human Sociobiology.Daniel R. Vining - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):167-187.
    The fundamental postulate of sociobiology is that individuals exploit favorable environments to increase their genetic representation in the next generation. The data on fertility differentials among contemporary humans are not cotvietent with this postulate. Given the importance ofHomo sapiensas an animal species in the natural world today, these data constitute particularly challenging and interesting problem for both human sociobiology and sociobiology as a whole.The first part of this paper reviews the evidence showing an inverse relationship between reproductive fitness and “endowment” (...)
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  3.  28
    „Just Health: Meeting Health Needs Fairly“*: Autorendiskussion MIT Norman Daniels, 02./03. Oktober 2007 Am Ethik-Zentrum der Universität Zürich. [REVIEW]Daniel R. Friedrich - 2008 - Ethik in der Medizin 20 (1):64-68.
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  4.  77
    Expressive‐assertivism.Daniel R. Boisvert - 2008 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (2):169-203.
    : Hybrid metaethical theories attempt to incorporate essential elements of expressivism and cognitivism, and thereby to accrue the benefits of both. Hybrid theories are often defended in part by appeals to slurs and other pejoratives, which have both expressive and cognitivist features. This paper takes far more seriously the analogy between pejoratives and moral predicates. It explains how pejoratives work, identifies the features that allow pejoratives to do that work, and models a theory of moral predicates on those features. The (...)
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  5.  71
    Food Sovereignty, Urban Food Access, and Food Activism: Contemplating the Connections Through Examples From Chicago. [REVIEW]Daniel R. Block, Noel Chávez, Erika Allen & Dinah Ramirez - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (2):203-215.
    The idea of food sovereignty has its roots primarily in the response of small producers in developing countries to decreasing levels of control over land, production practices, and food access. While the concerns of urban Chicagoans struggling with low food access may seem far from these issues, the authors believe that the ideas associated with food sovereignty will lead to the construction of solutions to what is often called the “food desert” issue that serve and empower communities in ways that (...)
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  6.  10
    Expressive-assertivism.R. Boisvert Daniel - 2008 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (2):169-203.
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  7.  20
    Mindfulness Increases Prosocial Responses Toward Ostracized Strangers Through Empathic Concern.Daniel R. Berry, Athena H. Cairo, Robert J. Goodman, Jordan T. Quaglia, Jeffrey D. Green & Kirk Warren Brown - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (1):93-112.
  8.  16
    Becoming Mead: The Social Process of Academic Knowledge.Daniel R. Huebner - 2014 - University of Chicago Press.
    In short, he is known in a discipline in which he did not teach for a book he did not write. In Becoming Mead, Daniel R. Huebner traces the ways in which knowledge has been produced by and about the famed American philosopher.
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  9.  26
    Asking More of Our Metaphors: Narrative Strategies to End the “War on Alzheimer's” and Humanize Cognitive Aging.Daniel R. George, Erin R. Whitehouse & Peter J. Whitehouse - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):22-24.
  10.  9
    Associations Between Aerobic Fitness and Cognitive Control in Adolescents.Daniel R. Westfall, Anne K. Gejl, Jakob Tarp, Niels Wedderkopp, Arthur F. Kramer, Charles H. Hillman & Anna Bugge - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  11. Nietzsche as Cultural Physician.Daniel R. Ahern - 1995 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    From Nietzsche's early writings to those marking the end of his intellectual life, the dynamics of what he called "physiology" permeate virtually every facet of his philosophical enterprise. In the following investigation, these dynamics are explored as an interpretive key to not only the dominant themes but also the philosophical motive underlying Nietzsche's philosophy. This motive is described in terms of his diagnosis and attempted cure for the disease of nihilism. In this we maintain that Nietzsche's foremost philosophical task is (...)
     
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  12.  20
    Informed Consent Documents: Increasing Comprehension by Reducing Reading Level.Daniel R. Young, Donald T. Hooker & Fred E. Freeberg - 1990 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 12 (3):1.
  13.  20
    Postracial Fantasies and the Reproduction of Scientific Racism.Daniel R. Morrison & Patrick Ryan Grzanka - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (9):65-67.
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  14.  50
    Inconsistency of Quantum—Classical Dynamics, and What It Implies.Daniel R. Terno - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 36 (1):102-111.
    A new proof of the impossibility of a universal quantum-classical dynamics is given. It has at least two consequences. The standard paradigm “quantum system is measured by a classical apparatus” is untenable, while a quantum matter can be consistently coupled only with a quantum gravity.
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  15.  11
    Listening to the Calls of the Wild: The Role of Experience in Linking Language and Cognition in Young Infants.Danielle R. Perszyk & Sandra R. Waxman - 2016 - Cognition 153:175-181.
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  16.  3
    Wading Knee-Deep Into the Rubicon: Escalation and the Morality of Limited Strikes.Daniel R. Brunstetter - 2020 - Ethics and International Affairs 34 (2):161-173.
    Limited strikes are arguably different from war insofar as they are more circumscribed, less destructive, and cost less in blood and treasure to employ. However, what they can achieve is also considerably more circumscribed than what is set out by the goals of war. How do we morally evaluate limited strikes? As part of the roundtable, “The Ethics of Limited Strikes,” this essay argues that we need to turn to the ethics of limited of force, orjus ad vim, to do (...)
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  17. Corporate Strategy and the Search for Ethics.R. Edward Freeman & Daniel R. Gilbert - 1992 - Journal of Business Ethics 11 (7):514-554.
  18.  42
    Engagement for Transformation: Value Webs for Local Food System Development. [REVIEW]Daniel R. Block, Michael Thompson, Jill Euken, Toni Liquori, Frank Fear & Sherill Baldwin - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (3):379-388.
    Engagement happens when academics and non-academics form partnerships to create mutual understanding, and then take action together. An example is the “value web” work associated with W. K. Kellogg Foundation’s Food Systems Higher Education–Community Partnership. Partners nationally work on local food systems development by building value webs. “Value chains,” a concept with considerable currency in the private sector, involves creating non-hierarchical relationships among otherwise disparate actors and entities to achieve collective common goals. The value web concept is extended herein by (...)
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  19.  18
    The Impact of Expert Visual Guidance on Trainee Visual Search Strategy, Visual Attention and Motor Skills.Daniel R. Leff, David R. C. James, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Ka-Wai Kwok, Loi Wah Sun, George Mylonas, Thanos Athanasiou, Ara W. Darzi & Guang-Zhong Yang - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  20.  30
    Corporate Strategy and Ethics.Daniel R. Gilbert - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (2):137 - 150.
    Corporate Strategy has emerged as a central metaphor for private-sector enterprise. Given inherent imperfections in markets, one important question to consider is how well the practice of Corporate Strategy contributes to social welfare. An account of the implicit morality of free markets is developed as a standard against which two particular, second best solutions to market imperfections — namely, American federal antitrust policy and Corporate Strategy — are compared. Corporate Strategy is subsequently evaluated in terms of the fundamental principles of (...)
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  21.  10
    Exploring Layers of Meaning with Deep Brain Stimulation Patients.Daniel R. Morrison & Mark J. Bliton - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (1):26-28.
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  22.  6
    Influences of Intentional and Unintentional Forgetting on False Memories.Daniel R. Kimball & Robert A. Bjork - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (1):116-130.
  23.  66
    Entropy and Information in Evolving Biological Systems.Daniel R. Brooks, John Collier, Brian A. Maurer, Jonathan D. H. Smith & E. O. Wiley - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):407-432.
    Integrating concepts of maintenance and of origins is essential to explaining biological diversity. The unified theory of evolution attempts to find a common theme linking production rules inherent in biological systems, explaining the origin of biological order as a manifestation of the flow of energy and the flow of information on various spatial and temporal scales, with the recognition that natural selection is an evolutionarily relevant process. Biological systems persist in space and time by transfor ming energy from one state (...)
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  24.  18
    Transfer and Expertise.Daniel R. Kimball & Keith J. Holyoak - 2000 - In Endel Tulving (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Memory. Oxford University Press. pp. 109--122.
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  25.  51
    Francis Bacon.Daniel R. Coquillette - 1992 - Stanford University Press.
    This is the first modern book to describe Francis Bacon's jurisprudence. He has long been famous as a scientist, philosopher, politician and literary giant, but his career as one of England's greatest lawyers and jurists has been largely overlooked. Bacon's major contribution to Anglo-American jurisprudence is presented in such a way as to be suitable to specialists and non-specialists alike. The purpose is to restore Bacon to his rightful place as England's first true critical and analytical jurist, and to describe (...)
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  26.  28
    Evolutionary Epidemiology.Daniel R. Wilson - 1993 - Acta Biotheoretica 41 (3):205-218.
    Epidemiology is a science of disease which specifies rates (illness prevalences, incidences, distributions, etc.). Evolution is a science of life which specifies changes (gene frequencies, generations, forms, function, etc.). Evolutionary Epidemiology is a synthesis of these two sciences which combines the empirical power of classical methods in genetical epidemiology with the interpretive capacities of neo-darwinian evolutionary genetics. In particular, prevalence rates of genetical diseases are important data points when reformulated for the purpose of analysis in terms of their evolutionary frequencies. (...)
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  27. The Smile of Tragedy: Nietzsche and the Art of Virtue.Daniel R. Ahern - 2012 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In _The Smile of Tragedy_, Daniel Ahern examines Nietzsche’s attitude toward what he called “the tragic age of the Greeks,” showing it to be the foundation not only for his attack upon the birth of philosophy during the Socratic era but also for his overall critique of Western culture. Through an interpretation of “Dionysian pessimism,” Ahern clarifies the ways in which Nietzsche sees ethics and aesthetics as inseparable and how their theoretical separation is at the root of Western nihilism. (...)
     
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  28. Expressive-Assertivism.By Daniel R. Boisvert - 2008 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 89 (2):169–203.
    Hybrid metaethical theories attempt to incorporate essential elements of expressivism and cognitivism, and thereby to accrue the benefits of both. Hybrid theories are often defended in part by appeals to slurs and other pejoratives, which have both expressive and cognitivist features. This paper takes far more seriously the analogy between pejoratives and moral predicates. It explains how pejoratives work, identifies the features that allow pejoratives to do that work, and models a theory of moral predicates on those features. The result (...)
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  29.  42
    Evolutionary Epidemiology.Daniel R. Wilson - 1992 - Acta Biotheoretica 40 (1):87-90.
    Epidemiology is a science of disease which specifies rates . Evolution is a science of life which specifies changes . ‘Evolutionary Epidemiology’ is a synthesis of these two sciences which combines the empirical power of classical methods in genetical epidemiology with the interpretive capacities of neo-darwinian evolutionary genetics. In particular, prevalence rates of genetical diseases are important data points when reformulated for the purpose of analysis in terms of their evolutionary frequencies. Traits which exceedprevalences beyond the rates of mutation or (...)
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  30.  7
    The fSAM Model of False Recall.Daniel R. Kimball, Troy A. Smith & Michael J. Kahana - 2007 - Psychological Review 114 (4):954-993.
  31.  16
    Changes Across the Psychometric Function Following Perceptual Learning of an RSVP Reading Task.Daniel R. Coates & Susana T. L. Chung - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  32.  17
    The Construction of Ignorance.Daniel R. DeNicola - 2017 - The Philosophers' Magazine 79:19-21.
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  33.  30
    Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Different Axioms of Evolution.Daniel R. Brooks & Richard T. O'Grady - 1986 - Acta Biotheoretica 35 (1-2):77-106.
    Proponents of two axioms of biological evolutionary theory have attempted to find justification by reference to nonequilibrium thermodynamics. One states that biological systems and their evolutionary diversification are physically improbable states and transitions, resulting from a selective process; the other asserts that there is an historically constrained inherent directionality in evolutionary dynamics, independent of natural selection, which exerts a self-organizing influence. The first, the Axiom of Improbability, is shown to be nonhistorical and thus, for a theory of change through time, (...)
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  34.  53
    The Trouble with Harrison's 'the Trouble with Tarski'.Daniel R. Boisvert - 1999 - Philosophical Quarterly 49 (196):376-383.
    In ‘The Trouble with Tarski’, The Philosophical Quarterly, 48 (1998), pp. 1–22, Jonathan Harrison attacks ‘Tarski‐style’ truth theories for both formalized and natural languages, on the grounds that (1) truth cannot be a property of sentences; (2) if it could be, T‐sentences would have to be necessary truths, which they are not; and (3) T‐sentences are not necessarily true and can even can be false. I reply that (1) cannot be an objection to Tarskian truth theories, since these can be (...)
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  35. Scale in Geography.Daniel R. Montello - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 13501--13504.
     
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  36.  19
    Short-Term Memory Scanning Viewed as Exemplar-Based Categorization.Robert M. Nosofsky, Daniel R. Little, Christopher Donkin & Mario Fific - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (2):280-315.
  37.  34
    A Critique and a Retrieval of Management and the Humanities.Daniel R. Gilbert - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):23 - 35.
    The use of literature, and other sources from the humanities, in management education has become more prominent in recent years. But, there is reason to question the ethical justifications by which the marriage of Management and the Humanities is customarily defended. This paper is a critique of Management and the Humanities as it is practiced through the use of literature. By means of a liberal pragmatist kind of criticism, and a case analysis about a hypothetical Grand Theory of Management called (...)
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  38.  18
    A Critique and A Retrieval of Management and the Humanities.Daniel R. Gilbert - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (1):23-35.
    The use of literature, and other sources from the humanities, in management education has become more prominent in recent years. But, there is reason to question the ethical justifications by which the marriage of Management and the Humanities is customarily defended. This paper is a critique of Management and the Humanities as it is practiced through the use of literature. By means of a liberal pragmatist kind of criticism, and a case analysis about a hypothetical Grand Theory of Management called (...)
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  39.  8
    Logical-Rule Models of Classification Response Times: A Synthesis of Mental-Architecture, Random-Walk, and Decision-Bound Approaches.Mario Fific, Daniel R. Little & Robert M. Nosofsky - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):309-348.
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  40.  36
    Tensions of Modernity: Las Casas and His Legacy in the French Enlightenment.Daniel R. Brunstetter - 2012 - Routledge.
    Modernity and the other: a story of inequality -- Locating the other in the political debates of early modernity -- Thinking and rethinking the equality of the other: Vitoria, Sepúlveda and the true barbarians -- Las Casas and the other: the tension between equality and cultural othercide -- From the civilizing mission to irreconcilable alterity: the changing perception of the Indians in the French Enlightenment -- The other side of modernity: legitimizing the transition from cultural othercide to physical othercide -- (...)
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  41.  2
    The Timeliness of George Herbert Mead.Hans Joas & Daniel R. Huebner (eds.) - 2016 - University of Chicago Press.
    George Herbert Mead is widely considered one of the most influential American philosophers of the twentieth century, and his work remains vibrant and relevant to many areas of scholarly inquiry today. The Timeliness of George Herbert Mead brings together a range of scholars who provide detailed analyses of Mead’s importance to innovative fields of scholarship, including cognitive science, environmental studies, democratic epistemology, and social ethics, non-teleological historiography, and the history of the natural and social sciences. Edited by well-respected Mead scholars (...)
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  42.  4
    The Liberty Bell: Nietzsche's Philosophy of Culture.Daniel R. White & Gert Hellerich - 1999 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 18:1-54.
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  43.  26
    Conducting Industrial and Organizational Psychological Research: Institutional Review of Research in Work Organizations.Daniel R. Ilgen & Bradford S. Bell - 2001 - Ethics and Behavior 11 (4):395 – 412.
    Although informed consent is a primary mechanism for ensuring the ethical treatment of human participants in research, both federal guidelines and American Psychological Association ethical standards recognize that exceptions to it are reasonable under certain conditions. However, agreement about what constitutes a reasonable exception to informed consent is sometimes lacking. We presented the same protocols to samples of respondents drawn from 4 populations: Institutional review board (IRB) members, managers, employees, and university faculty who were not members of IRBs. Differences in (...)
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  44.  79
    Values and the Foundations of Strategic Management.R. Edward Freeman, Daniel R. Gilbert & Edwin Hartman - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (11):821 - 834.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the role of values in strategic management. We discuss recent criticisms of the concept of strategy and argue that the concept of value helps reconcile these criticisms with traditional models of strategy. We show that Andrews' model of corporate strategy rightly takes morally significant values to be essential to effective management. We show how the notion of value can be clarified and used in research into various conceptions of corporate morality.
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  45.  27
    The Social Regulation of Emotion: An Integrative, Cross-Disciplinary Model.Crystal Reeck, Daniel R. Ames & Kevin N. Ochsner - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (1):47-63.
  46. Spatial Cognition.Daniel R. Montello - 2001 - In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. pp. 7--14771.
  47.  53
    The Mastodon in the Room: How Darwinian is Neo-Darwinism?Daniel R. Brooks - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (1):82-88.
    Failing to acknowledge substantial differences between Darwinism and neo-Darwinism impedes evolutionary biology. Darwin described evolution as the outcome of interactions between the nature of the organism and the nature of the conditions, each relatively autonomous but both historically and spatially intertwined. Furthermore, he postulated that the nature of the organism was more important than the nature of the conditions, leading to natural selection as an inevitable emergent product of biological systems. The neo-Darwinian tradition assumed a creative rather than selective view (...)
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  48.  26
    The Contributions of Convergent Thinking, Divergent Thinking, and Schizotypy to Solving Insight and Non-Insight Problems.Margaret E. Webb, Daniel R. Little, Simon J. Cropper & Kayla Roze - 2017 - Thinking and Reasoning 23 (3):235-258.
    The ability to generate diverse ideas is valuable in solving creative problems ; yet, however advantageous, this ability is insufficient to solve the problem alone and requires the ability to logically deduce an assessment of correctness of each solution. Positive schizotypy may help isolate the aspects of divergent thinking prevalent in insight problem solving. Participants were presented with a measure of schizotypy, divergent and convergent thinking tasks, insight problems, and non-insight problems. We found no evidence for a relationship between schizotypy (...)
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  49.  42
    Continued Wilderness Participation: Experience and Identity as Long-Term Relational Phenomena.Jeffrey Brooks & Daniel R. Williams - 2012 - In David N. Cole (ed.), Wilderness visitor experiences: Progress in research and management; April 4-7, 2011 (pp. 21-36); Missoula, MT. Proceedings RMRS-P-66. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. Fort Collins, CO, USA: USDA Forest service. pp. 21-36.
    Understanding the relationship between wilderness outings and the resulting experience has been a central theme in resource-based, outdoor recreation research for nearly 50 years. The authors provide a review and synthesis of literature that examines how people, over time, build relationships with wilderness places and express their identities as consequences of multiple, ongoing wilderness engagements (i.e., continued participation). The paper reviews studies of everyday places and those specifically protected for wilderness and backcountry qualities. Beginning with early origins and working through (...)
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  50.  11
    Sociobiological Theory and Contemporary Humans.Daniel R. Vining - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):680-681.
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