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Daniel Schulthess
Université de Neuchâtel
  1. Bergson, Truth-Making, and the Retrograde Movement of the True.Daniel Schulthess - 2011 - Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan.
    Henri Bergson (1859-1941) was one of the main exponents of evolutionary thinking in the later nineteenth and early twentieth century. He gave that kind of thinking an unprecedented metaphysical turn. In consequence of his versatility he also encountered the notion of truth-making, which he connected with his ever-present concerns about time and duration. Eager to stress the dimension of radical change and of novelty in the nature of things, he rejected (in one form) what he called “the retrograde movement of (...)
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  2.  23
    Ammonius and the Seabattle: Texts, Commentary, and Essays.Gerhard Seel, Jean-Pierre Schneider & Daniel Schulthess (eds.) - 2001 - De Gruyter.
    II ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This book is the fruit of a long lasting co-operation of scholars from different countries who contributed to it either directly or by ...
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  3.  5
    La place des exigences éthiques dans la crise de la politique.Daniel Schulthess - 2018 - Diogène 1:124.
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  4.  25
    Modes et modalités dans le système de droit naturel de Samuel Pufendorf (1632-1694).Daniel Schulthess - 2014 - In Julien Dutant, Davide Fassio & Anne Meylan (eds.), Liber Amicorum Pascal Engel. Genève: Université de Genève. pp. 878-891.
    The article deals with the question of the relationship between physical modes and moral modes in Samuel Pufendorf’s theory of natural law. By distinguishing these two kinds of modes (which are both modes of natural substances) Pufendorf anticipates the “law of Hume”, according to which the is and the ought are incommensurable. According to Pufendorf, Grotius and Hobbes’ conception of the state of nature is at fault because these authors make natural law a fact that would not be accompanied by (...)
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  5.  12
    La transfiguration du sentiment selon Denis de Rougement.Daniel Schulthess - 2018 - In Nicole Hatem (ed.), Denis de Rougement et l'essai en philosophie (actes du colloque organisé à l'université Saint-Joseph en décembre 2017). Beyrouth: Éditions de l'Université Saint-Joseph. pp. 81-93.
    The question of whether the phenomenon of passionate love is a natural phenomenon, as for naturalist psychologists, or rather a cultural product of Western civilization, was asked already by Nietzsche. This article deals with Denis de Rougemont’s essay L’amour et l’occident, in which the Swiss French intellectual answers the question decidedly in the sense of the second alternative. According to Rougement, passionate love finds its source in the movement of Catharism, which developed in Southern France in the 12th and 13th (...)
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  6.  23
    L'école écossaise et la philosophie d'expression française: le rôle de Pierre Prevost (Genève, 1751-1839).Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - Annales Benjamin Constant 18:97-105.
    The article reconstructs the diffusion of the ideas of the Scottish philosophical school (Reid, Smith, Stewart) in France in the early nineteenth century and the role played by the Geneva philosopher Pierre Prevost. Prevost emphasizes the originality of the Scottish school compared with the French and German school in his writing “Reflections after my translation of the posthumous works of Adam Smith” of 1797. From at least 1792 already Prevost had begun a correspondence with Dugald Stewart, which lasted until the (...)
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  7.  10
    The Correspondence of Dugald Stewart, Pierre Prevost, and Their Circle, 1794–1829.Claire Etchegaray, Knud Haakonssen, Daniel Schulthess, David Stauffer & Paul Wood - 2012 - History of European Ideas 38 (1):19-73.
    The letters published here belong to the ‘Fonds Pierre Prevost’ held by the Library of Geneva. Our presentation of the letters is modelled on that of the published correspondences of Adam Smith and Thomas Reid. Our aim in transcribing the letters that follow has been to establish a clean and reliable text with minimal editorial intervention. We have made no attempt to normalise the spellings, capitalisation, and apparently aberrant usage found in the letters or to modernise the punctuation, and we (...)
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  8.  9
    Maine de Biran, interprète et critique de Thomas Reid.Daniel Schulthess - 2007 - In Elisabetta Arosio & Michel Malherbe (eds.), Philosophie française et philosophie écossaise, 1750-1850. Paris: Vrin. pp. 39-51.
    The article focuses on the relationship between the psychology of Maine de Biran and the work of Thomas Reid. Maine de Biran confronts especially with the Inquiry of Reid, by adopting some central aspects of it but by criticizing and radicalizing it. Continuity is to be found in the distinction, adopted by Maine de Biran, that Reid makes between sensations and perceptions, the latter being the basis of judgements of externality. But according to Maine de Biran Reid’s analysis of the (...)
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  9.  18
    L’ontologie du monde social chez Samuel Pufendorf et John R. Searle.Daniel Schulthess - 2010 - In A. Chenoufi, T. Cherif & S. Mosbah (eds.), L’Universel et le devenir de l’humain – Actes du XXXIIe Congrès de l’Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Tunis-Carthage,28-1er septembre 2008. Tunis: Association Tunisienne des Etudes Philosophiques. pp. p. 171-175..
    The article proposes a comparison between certain aspects of Samuel Pufendorf's (1632-1694) conception of natural law and certain aspects of John Searle's social ontology. As in Pufendorf the entia moralia are superimposed on the entia physica, of which they constitute modes that ground systems of norms (natural or positive), so in Searle the institutional facts that are created by certain speech acts of the performative type are superimposed on the physical facts. The difference between Pufendorf and Searle is that the (...)
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  10.  17
    Le Mouvement Rétrograde du Vrai Et du Possible Chez Bergson.Daniel Schulthess - 2017 - In J. Ferrari, S. Grapotte & A. Lahjomri (eds.), Le possible et l’impossible – Actes du XXXVe Congrès de l’Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Rabat, 26-30 août 2014. Paris: Vrin. pp. 345-348.
    The article proposes a comparison between the “retrograde” conception that Bergson has of truth and his atypical interpretation of the concept of possibility. These conceptions are developed in two articles collected in La pensée et le mouvant. The “retrograde” conception of truth starts from the observation of the temporal gap between an event and the formulation of the judgment that relates it and finds its condition of truth in it. The retrograde movement consists in putting aside the temporality proper to (...)
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  11.  17
    Une généalogie de l’imperfection : la situation de l’homme au physique et au moral selon Charles Secrétan.Daniel Schulthess - 2015 - In Nicole Hatem (ed.), Charles Secrétan philosophe de la liberté. Beyrouth: Publications l’Université Saint-Joseph-Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines. pp. 63-74.
    The article focuses on the Philosophy of Freedom of the Swiss philosopher Charles Secrétan (1815-1895) and on the attempt to reconcile freedom as the fundamental experience for the human being with the alleged necessitarianism that would result from the positive sciences. The notion of “fall” as it is found in the Christian tradition allows Secrétan to rediscover an original dimension from which we can conceive the laws of nature as contingent. It is space and time that impose their constraints and (...)
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  12.  7
    Impacts agrégés et politique du risque environnemental.Daniel Schulthess - 2001 - In Jean-Paul Harpes & Lukas K. Sosoe (eds.), La démocratie en discussion. Münster: LIT. pp. p.305-315..
    The causal texture of environmental problems is very different from the causal aspects which are relevant in other cases of moral or legal significance. The author suggest to take account of this in environmental matters. He takes the various instruments of environmental policy Under scrutiny: regulations, taxes and labels. He argues that labels have strong advantages over the two others instruments: they somehow map the texture of environmental problems and have interesting motivational properties.
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  13.  8
    Contraintes Globales Et Responsabilité Individuelle.Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - In La nature: thèmes philosophiques, thèmes d'actualité - Actes du XXVe Congrès de l'ASPLF, Lausanne, 25-28 août 1994. Lausanne, Genève, Neuchâtel: Cahiers de la Revue de théologie et de philosophie, no.18. pp. p.350-354..
    Is the classical model of action, damage, and responsibility, which is based on the idea that it is always possible to individuate the direct or indirect damages resulting from a certain individual or collective action, still valid in the case of the environmental consequences of industrial production and mass consumption? We argue that the absence of a classical plaintiff in these cases implies that we have to conceive of the consequences of our individual actions (as consumers of industrial goods for (...)
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  14.  9
    Antoine Arnauld Et Thomas Reid, Défenseurs des Certitudes Perceptives, Communes Et Critiques des Entités Représentatives in Sens Commun.Daniel Schulthess - 1986 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 40 (158):276-291.
    The article proposes a comparison between the critique that Antoine Arnault (1612-1694) raises against Malebranche’s views on perception and the critique that Thomas Reid (1710-1796) moves against the theory of ideas defended by Berkeley and Hume. Both Arnault and Reid advocate a position according to which our perceptions allow us to have direct knowledge of material objects existing independently of us and not only of representations of them. Arnault proposes different arguments to refute Malebranche. In doing that he doesn’t completely (...)
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  15.  14
    L'impact de la philosophie écossaise sur la dialectique enseignée à Genève: un cours latin inédit (1793-1794) de Pierre Prevost.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - In Denis Knoepfler (ed.), Nomen latinum: Mélanges offerts à André Schneider, Neuchâtel, Faculté des lettres. Genève: Droz. pp. 383-390.
    The article is about a course of dialectic in Latin language that Pierre Prevost (1751-1839) had prepared for the use of the students of the Académie de Genève. This document testifies to the reception of the Scottish philosophy, especially of Reid, by Prevost. On the model of the Logique de Port-Royal the course is articulated in a part on the art of exposing truths already reached (the dialectic properly speaking: ideas, judgements, reasoning) and in a part on the discovery of (...)
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  16.  7
    Philosophie et sens commun chez Thomas Reid (1710-1796).Daniel Schulthess - 1983 - Berne: Editions P. Lang.
    Table des Matières: -/- Introduction; -/- Chapitre Premier: La conception de la philosophie chez Thomas Reid; -/- Chapitre 2: Le Rôle épistémologique du sens commun; -/- Chapitre 3: La justification des principes du sens commun; -/- Chapitre 4: La perception sensible; -/- Chapitre 5: La perception sensible (suite); -/- Chapitre 6: Les facultés intellectuelles autres que la perception sensible; -/- Chapitre 7: Les facultés actives; -/- Chapitre 8: Le "common sense" chez Reid et quelques conceptions antérieures de la raison naturelle; (...)
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  17.  12
    "Ah ! comme c’est fin" : réflexions sur l’esthétique de l’humour.Daniel Schulthess - 2018 - In Petru Bejan & Daniel Schulthess (eds.), Le Beau – Actes du XXXVIe Congrès de l’Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Iaşi, 23-27 août 2016. Iaşi: Editura Universităţii A. I. Cuza. pp. 391-397.
    The article deals with the aesthetic dimension of humour. The author starts with Hannah Arendt’s distinction between labour as a set of tasks necessary for the reproduction of biological life and praxis as an expression of freedom. In the same way the humour would be detached from the “working communication” of everyday life. Humour represents a “break” with ordinary modes of communication. This is done through “transpositions”, which can take the form of objectual transpositions (which play on the equivocal references (...)
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  18.  20
    Reid and Lehrer: Metamind in History.Daniel Schulthess - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 40 (1):135-147.
    The contrast between Thomas Reid's epistemological concerns and a common core of the classical approach to epistemology is the following one: Reid abandons the classical use for criteria of knowledge and pushes the problem of the justification of beliefs to the level of the mental faculties from which the beliefs arise. A similar shift plays various roles in Keith Lehrer's coherentist epistemology. However, this shift raises several difficulties: (i) the impact of epistemological concerns on actual intellectual inquiries gets lost; (ii) (...)
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  19.  9
    Fernand Brunner, Philosophe (1920-1991).Daniel Schulthess - 1992 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 42:1.
    In commemoration of Ferdinand Brunner (1929-1991), a short biography of this important figure in Swiss and French intellectual life.
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  20.  5
    Did Reid Hold Coherentist Views ?Daniel Schulthess - 1989 - In M. Dalgarno & Eva Matthews (eds.), The Philosophy of Thomas Reid. Dordrecht: Reidel. pp. p.193-203..
    The article criticizes the interpretation of Thomas Reid’s philosophy as a form of coherentism put forward by Lehrer and Smith. In the author’s view Reid’s “first principles”, which govern the activities of our faculties, rely on a correspondence theory of truth. At the same time the rightness of our first principles in conjunction with the fact that the world is structured in such a way that true judgements about it do not lead to contradiction entails that our “doxastic system” (i.e. (...)
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  21.  26
    Éléments et parties des systèmes: Note sur l'interprétation temporelle des deux relations.Daniel Schulthess - 1991 - Dialectica 45 (2‐3):181-189.
    The part‐whole and element‐system relations are usually not given a temporal interpretation. Taking a thesis of Father Bochenski as a starting point , the author first gives an adequate temporal interpretation of this thesis. Then, he shows that a divergence arises, in non‐static systems, between the system itself and the mereological sum corresponding to it at a certain instant. Therefore, any reductionism has to confront the generally neglected problem of this divergence. Résumé Les relations partie‐tout et élément‐système ne sont pas (...)
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  22.  9
    Introduction aux Lettres Morales de J.J. Rousseau.Daniel Schulthess - 2012 - In R. Trousson & F. Eigeldinger (eds.), Œuvres complètes de Jean Jacques Rousseau, t. XVII. Genève-Paris: Slatkine-Champion. pp. p. 327-331, annotation du texte,.
    The text shortly introduces Rousseau’s Lettres Morales, which result from the conversations he had with Mme Houdetot in the years 1757-1758. It is interesting to notice that in contrast to other important philosophical works based on a love relationship (one can think of Plato’s Symposium and the role of Diotima, but also of Boethius’s Philosophia in the Consolatio or Dante’s Beatrice in the Divine Comedy), in Rousseau’s letters it is the man who has the leading role, whereas the woman figure, (...)
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  23.  9
    Dialectique et histoire de la philosophie.Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - In Philip Muller (ed.), Problèmes actuels de la dialectique (Colloque Jonas Cohn du Centre d'études hégéliennes et dialectiques, Neuchâtel, 23-24 juin 1995). Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme. pp. p.50-55..
    The author, referring in particular to Jonas Cohn’s Theorie der Dialektik, interprets Hegel’s dialectic in the light of the Aristotelian principle of the priority of actuality over potentiality. The principle finds application especially in the field of the Hegelian conception of the history of philosophy, which is thought from the point of view of Absolute Knowledge as actuality of the Spirit. In this regard the main issue is to understand the nature of the limitations that Spirit encounters on the way (...)
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  24.  9
    Réalisme, critique du langage et inventivité conceptuelle.Daniel Schulthess - 2001 - In Jean-Pierre Cotten & Benoît Hufschmitt (eds.), Repérer, formaliser, traduire les concepts philosophiques: Actes du colloque de Besançon des 23-24 juin 1999. Besançon: Presses universitaires franc-comtoises. pp. p.219-221..
    Platonic realism has little place for conceptual invention. The possibilities of conceptual inventivity are assessed in the paper.
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  25.  13
    Psychologie et épistémologie de la croyance selon Hume.Daniel Schulthess - 1993 - Dialectica 47 (2‐3):255-267.
    RésuméDans son Traité, Hume a voulu, en un premier temps, dégager une conception purement psychologique et naturaliste de la croyance, et ainsi en exclure l'éaluation par une épistémologie normative. Dans un second temps toutefois, il réintroduisit une dimension épistémologique originale, s'écartant par là de son programme psychologique initial.
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  26.  9
    L'enseignement philosophique à l'Université de Neuchâtel (1910-1963).Daniel Schulthess - 2002 - In R. Scheurer (ed.), Histoire de l'Université de Neuchâtel, t.III. Neuchâtel: Université, Editions G. Attinger. pp. p. 400-406.
    The article sketches the biographies of the professors for Philosophy and Psychology at the University of Neuchâtel since its foundation in the year 1909, against the background of the intellectual climate in protestant French Switzerland.
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  27.  9
    Amiel et l’exigence de la justesse.Daniel Schulthess - 2017 - In Nicole Hatem (ed.), Amiel et le Journal philosophique. Beyrouth: Publications l’Université Saint-Joseph-Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines. pp. 47-61.
    The article deals with the concept of “justness” as it is treated by the Genevan psychologist Henri-Fréderic Amiel (1821-1881) in his Journal. Justness has its seat in the domain of “doing” rather than in the domain of “saying” or “thinking”: its non-propositional nature entails that one can “do just” while having false beliefs and vice-versa. The virtue of justness concerns the sphere of interpersonal interactions and goes hand in hand with moderation as virtue concerning the sphere of personal action. In (...)
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  28.  24
    L'idée d'une doctrine cohérentiste de la justification épistémique.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 129 (2):127-139.
    In the philosophical tradition marked by Descartes and empiricism, the idea of epistemic justification was most often seen in terms of construction on foundations that would be as many immediately justified starting points. The article exposes a completely different approach to the question, due to the philosopher Keith Lehrer. In this approach the epistemic justification derives from a coherence relationship between beliefs that are never immediately justified starting points. What is then decisive for the justification of a belief is to (...)
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  29.  8
    Humour, éthique et communication indirecte: Réflexions à partir de S. Kierkegaard.Daniel Schulthess - 2014 - Studia Philosophica 73:119-131.
    The authors begins with the observation that jokes can have a different moral import: some may even be edifying. Is humor therefore to be integrated into an overall moral perspective? One of the leading philosophers of the 19th century, S. Kierkegaard, pleaded for such an integration. The best way to understand why he took such a stand is to articulate the edifying jokes - or rather the humor that underlies them - in terms of Kierkegaard's notion of indirect communication. However, (...)
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  30.  8
    Les Limites À l'Avancement de la Science Selon Nicholas Rescher.Daniel Schulthess - 1981 - In M. Schaffter, M. Borel & P. Muller (eds.), Réflexions en hommage au Professeur Philippe Muller. Neuchâtel: Editions Messeiller. pp. p.163-183.
    The article discusses in detail Nicholas Rescher’s book Scientific Progess: A Philosophical Essay on the Economics of Research in Natural Science (1978). Rescher discusses the possibilities of further progress for science. According to Rescher there are no limits by principles to scientific progress. Among the positions which postulate an end of scientific progress there are some which see the reason in the finiteness of nature, others in the finitude of our intellectual resources. According to Rescher science arises from the interaction (...)
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  31.  8
    Nietzsche métaéthicien.Daniel Schulthess - 2015 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 147:45-65.
    The author gives an account of how a set of themes that we nowadays call metaethics contributes to shaping Nietzsche’s approach to morality. Initially, moral judgement, or value judgement, in order to be acceptable for the philosopher, should be similar to a judgement made in the field of natural sciences. The impossibility of moral judgement to satisfy such a requirement precipitates the loss of morality, at least in Nietzsche’s “first way” (in Human too Human). The position thus joined comes with (...)
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  32.  8
    Reid in Europe.Daniel Schulthess - 1999 - Reid Studies 2 (2):p.19-30.
    Thomas Reid’s influence on continental and especially on French philosophy at the beginning of the 19th century has to be considered against the background of the crisis of the philosophical project of the moderns. This project, which is intimately related to the rise of the modern scientific world image, has one of its major tenets in the so called “theory of ideas” introduced by Descartes and developed further by Locke. By emphasizing the role of our active faculties in the formulation (...)
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  33.  8
    De soi aux choses: la référence selon R. Chisholm.Daniel Schulthess - 1987 - Travaux du Centre de Recherches Sémiologiques (Université de Neuchâtel):p.111-120..
    The article provides a critical overview of the main theses contained in the book The First Person by Roderick Chisholm. Chisholm's main thesis is that of the priority of the reference de se over reference de re. Chisholm develops firstly a theory of properties according to which these must be able to remain unexemplified. This excludes from the outset that we can reinterpret the indexical term “I” (the first person) in the sense of a property, since an indexical term always (...)
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  34.  7
    La paille et la poutre: notes sur l'éthique de la condamnation morale.Daniel Schulthess - 1993 - Studia Philosophica 52:173-182.
    We often have judgments of moral condemnation on our fellow men. When we take seriously our individual and collective experience of moral judgment, we realize, however, that, in order to be properly brought to bear, judgments of moral condemnation must satisfy certain standards that are most often implicit. These norms form what we will call an "ethics of moral condemnation". Once unveiled, these standards surprise us with their rigor.
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  35.  7
    Adam Smith et le compte rendu (1756) du Discours sur l’inégalité parmi les hommes de Rousseau.Daniel Schulthess - 2012 - In Michel-E. Slatkine (ed.), Vitam Impendere Vero : Hommage à Raymond Trousson et Frédéric S. Eigeldinger. Genève-Paris: Slatkine-Champion. pp. 263-274.
    The article is about Adam Smith’s short account of J. J. Rousseau’s Deuxième Discours in a Letter to the Edinburgh Review (1756). Special attention is payed to how the report deals with its subject. Smith proposes a surprising rapprochement between Rousseau and Mandeville. Both deny the natural sociability of man (while recognizing his aptitude to pity others) and show the biased nature of the principles of civil life. The difference would be only “stylistic”: whereas the “aristocrat” Mandeville makes the apologue (...)
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  36.  7
    Hast Du aufgehoert, Deinen Vater zu schlagen? (Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum II.135) - Was wir von einer Fangfrage lernen koennen.Daniel Schulthess - 2002 - In Helmut Linneweber & Georg Mohr (eds.), Interpretation und Argument: Festschrift Gerhard Seel zum 60. Geburtstag. Wuerzburg: Koenigshausen und Neumann. pp. p.93-102.
    The article confronts one of the ἄποpοι λόγοι discussed in ancient Eristic-Stoic logic: the famous “cuckold” (κερατίνης), where an interrogator has his respondent to admit to have been or still be cuckolded. The source of the problem is a principle of dialectics related to the principle of the excluded-middle according to which a question admits only a positive or a negative answer. To the question “Have you ceased to be cuckolded?” both answers seem to presuppose that the respondent has been (...)
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  37.  7
    Zur Infinitisierung der Automaten: Descartes Und Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - In J. Soering & R. Sorgg (eds.), Die Androiden: Zur Poetologie der Automaten. Francfort: P. Lang. pp. p.85-98..
    The article compares Descartes’ and Leibniz’ use of the concept of a machine. For Descartes, the activity of the engineers rises to become the model for the scientific enterprise: one proceeds from the simple and the familiar to explain the complex. In this way one can escape the sheer astonishment about the complexity of the machines and their effects. This mechanical model is extended also to the explanation of the living beings. Also Leibniz regards living beings as machines. The difference (...)
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  38.  7
    Le 'cornu': Notes sur un problème de logique éristico-stoïcienne.Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - Recherches sur la Philosophie et le Language (Grenoble) 18:201-228.
    The article confronts one of the ἄποpοι λόγοι discussed in ancient Eristic-Stoic logic: the famous “cuckold” (κερατίνης), where an interrogator has his respondent to admit to have been or still be cuckolded. The source of the problem is a principle of dialectics related to the principle of the excluded-middle according to which a question admits only a positive or a negative answer. To the question “Have you ceased to be cuckolded?” both answers seem to presuppose that the respondent has been (...)
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  39.  6
    Alphonse Guillebert (1792-1861).Daniel Schulthess - 1988 - In R. Scheurer (ed.), Histoire de l'Université de Neuchâtel, t.I: La première Académie (1838-1848). Neuchâtel: Université, et Editions G. Attinger. pp. p.305-317.
    Alphonse Guillebert (1792-1861), pastor, teacher and politician, was one of the leading figures of the Academy of Neuchâtel, founded in 1838 and opened to students in the autumn of 1840. In this article, we will first offer a brief biography, then indications on the various facets of the written work of our author. We have used only a part of the available sources and we are therefore aware that further study would be worthwhile. In the following, we describe the philosophy (...)
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  40.  6
    Introduction à De l’imitation théâtrale de J.J. Rousseau.Daniel Schulthess - 2012 - In R. Trousson & F. Eigeldinger (eds.), Œuvres complètes de Jean Jacques Rousseau, t. XVI. Genève-Paris: Slatkine-Champion. pp. p. 651-655, annotation du texte,.
    The text shortly introduces Rousseau’s De l’imitation théatrale (1764). Rousseau’s writing is basically a translation of the first pages of Book X of Plato’s Republic. On the one hand, Rousseau shares with Plato the ethical rigor that, in view of a certain political project, leads to the moral condemnation of theatrical practices. On the other hand, the metaphysical assumptions on which Plato’s critique relies are much heavier than those of Rousseau, whose sensualistic nominalism is incompatible with the metaphysical realism about (...)
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  41.  6
    Entre ignorance et savoir : le rôle des questions dans la connaissance humaine.Daniel Schulthess - 2013 - In M. Malaguti & W. Tega (eds.), L'Action : penser l'action, agir la pensée - Actes du XXXIIIe Congrès de l'Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Venise, 17-21 août 2010. Paris: Vrin. pp. 543-547.
    The article deals with the role of questions in the process of acquiring knowledge. Starting from the classical definition of knowledge as true and justified opinion, the author shows how the justification of our opinions is based on an epistemic practice in which questions play a fundamental role. Before knowledge we have the stages of ignorance and uncertainty. The latter shows a disjunctive structure that is similar to that of questions. In order for questions to be asked a dimension of (...)
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  42.  6
    La sémantique des déclarations concernant les items publics selon Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 2006 - In Herbert Breger, Jürgen Herbst & Sven Erdner (eds.), Einheit in der Vielheit: VIII. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress, Hannover, 24, 29 Juli 2006. Hannover: G.W. Leibniz-Gesellschaft. pp. p. 945-950.
    The article deals with the issue of public items (objects, processes, events) in the philosophy of Leibniz. Starting from the famous passage of the Monadology which illustrates his conception of the substance by the image of a city perceived from different perspectives, the author shows how Leibniz conceives the public character of certain items, i.e. the reality of the phenomena that express them, not only in disagreement with the causal model, according to which public items would be the causal source (...)
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  43.  6
    Réflexions sur l'indisponibilité de la paix.Daniel Schulthess - 2002 - In Walter Tega (ed.), La Philosophie et la Paix - Actes du XXVIIIe Congrès de l'ASPLF, Bologne, 29 août-2 septembre 2000. Paris: Vrin. pp. p. 643-648.
    Starting from the recognition of the difficulty of establishing peace and the observation that several attempts to terminate conflicts end in failure, the author puts forward the argument that peace is a state that is essentially a by-product, according to the definition given by Jon Elster in his homonymous paper of 1981. Such states are characterized by the fact that they can only be brought about by actions aimed at other ends, i.e. non-intentionally. According to the author it is in (...)
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  44.  6
    Troubles with Common Sense.Daniel Schulthess - 1993 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 75:p.83-88.
    The articles critically discusses K. Lehrer’s book Thomas Reid (1989). In particular, the author criticizes some central aspects of Reid’s epistemology of common sense. Two points are particularly problematic: 1) the identification of common sense beliefs: how are the contents of common sense beliefs specified or individuated? The author shows that there are two possibilities for the identification of common sense beliefs – on one understandings these beliefs are explicit, on the other they are implicit and have to be made (...)
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  45.  15
    The Context of the Stewart–Prevost Correspondence.Claire Etchegaray, Knud Haakonssen, Daniel Schulthess, David Stauffer & Paul Wood - 2012 - History of European Ideas 38 (1):5-18.
    Summary The correspondence in this issue of History of European Ideas has not previously been published. It is the surviving part of the epistolary exchange between Dugald Stewart and the Genevan professor and man of letters Pierre Prevost (1751?1839) from the 1790s to the 1820s. To this are added several closely connected letters to and from their associates. This correspondence is striking evidence of the republic of letters continuing to flourish in the aftermath of the French Revolution, illustrating the transmission (...)
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  46.  5
    Nécessaire sagesse? Essai sur l'assignation des valeurs.Daniel Schulthess - 1988 - Studia Philosophica 47:87-97.
    The article deals with the problem of the so-called “axiological neutrality” which characterizes modern science. Starting from a psychological conception of intrinsic value as that which is perceived worth being pursued, the author first shows that science can study values only indirectly. There are two senses in which science must remain axiologically neutral: on the one hand, it must avoid all ontological evaluation of its objects (ontological neutrality); on the other hand, it must keep separate the evaluation of its results (...)
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  47.  5
    Questionner, savoir, ignorer: réflexions sur les dialogues socratiques de Platon (leçon inaugurale à l'Université de Neuchâtel).Daniel Schulthess - 1986-1987 - Annales de l'Université de Neuchâtel:p.256-272.
    The author focuses on the role that the epistemic practice of questioning, as it is presented in the Platonic dialogues, plays by Socrates. A comparison with Hintikka’s theory of questioning in proposed: in Hintikka’s account it is the questioner who endeavours to obtain new knowledge by asking someone who presumptively possesses that knowledge, whereas Socrates questions his interlocutors to wake in them the awareness of a knowledge they don’t know to possess. The origin of this knowledge is to be searched (...)
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  48.  5
    L'intentionnalité de Se Et le Problème de L'Individuation.Daniel Schulthess - 2006 - In P. Billouet, J. Gaubert, N. Robinet & A. Stanguennec (eds.), L'Homme et la réflexion - Actes du XXXe Congrès de l'Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Nantes, 24-28 août 2004. Paris: Vrin. pp. p. 367-371.
    Starting from an anecdote reported by Ernst Mach in the Analysis of Sensations, the author shows how the distinction between intentionality de re and intentionality de se can contribute to solving the individuation problem, at least for those individuals who are capable of self-referentiality. Intentionality is expressed linguistically in the form of the oratio obliqua, in the context of which the subordinate can be false even when the whole is true. The analysis of the conditions of falsity of the subordinate (...)
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  49.  5
    Obligation et connaissance.Daniel Schulthess - 1991 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 123:1.
    In the concrete exercise of practical reason, certain pieces of knowledge are required: they relate to the obligations to which the agent is committed (according to the deontological orientation in practical philosophy), to the actions themselves, as well as to the situations in which the agent operates. It appears that these pieces of knowledge are themselves required by what may be called here “second-order obligations”. The purpose of the article is to identify the place of these obligations and to show (...)
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  50.  4
    Esquisse d’une critique de la raison humoristique.Daniel Schulthess - 2013 - Bulletin de la Société Française de Philosophie 107:36 p.
    Among the salient aspects of laughter; I retain its aptitude to administer a kind of punishment – albeit of a relatively mild character. Henri Bergson did not hesitate to adopt for himself the traditional formula that "laughter chastises the ways of life" (Laughter, I.2). I maintain that laughter, seen under this angle, simultaneously conveys an evaluation (commonly a depreciative one) and an immediately implemented punishment. This twofold nature makes of laughter a very specific kind of behavior. The starting point of (...)
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