74 found
Order:
See also
Daniel Schulthess
Université de Neuchâtel
  1.  7
    Fernand Brunner, Philosophe (1920-1991).Daniel Schulthess - 1992 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 42:1.
    In commemoration of Ferdinand Brunner (1929-1991), a short biography of this important figure in Swiss and French intellectual life.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  12
    Modes et modalités dans le système de droit naturel de Samuel Pufendorf (1632-1694).Daniel Schulthess - 2014 - In Julien Dutant, Davide Fassio & Anne Meylan (eds.), Liber Amicorum Pascal Engel. Genève: Université de Genève. pp. 878-891.
    The article deals with the question of the relationship between physical modes and moral modes in Samuel Pufendorf’s theory of natural law. By distinguishing these two kinds of modes (which are both modes of natural substances) Pufendorf anticipates the “law of Hume”, according to which the is and the ought are incommensurable. According to Pufendorf, Grotius and Hobbes’ conception of the state of nature is at fault because these authors make natural law a fact that would not be accompanied by (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  5
    Amiel et l’exigence de la justesse.Daniel Schulthess - 2017 - In Nicole Hatem (ed.), Amiel et le Journal philosophique. Beyrouth: Publications l’Université Saint-Joseph-Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines. pp. 47-61.
    The article deals with the concept of “justness” as it is treated by the Genevan psychologist Henri-Fréderic Amiel (1821-1881) in his Journal. Justness has its seat in the domain of “doing” rather than in the domain of “saying” or “thinking”: its non-propositional nature entails that one can “do just” while having false beliefs and vice-versa. The virtue of justness concerns the sphere of interpersonal interactions and goes hand in hand with moderation as virtue concerning the sphere of personal action. In (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  8
    L'école écossaise et la philosophie d'expression française: le rôle de Pierre Prevost (Genève, 1751-1839).Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - Annales Benjamin Constant 18:97-105.
    The article reconstructs the diffusion of the ideas of the Scottish philosophical school (Reid, Smith, Stewart) in France in the early nineteenth century and the role played by the Geneva philosopher Pierre Prevost. Prevost emphasizes the originality of the Scottish school compared with the French and German school in his writing “Reflections after my translation of the posthumous works of Adam Smith” of 1797. From at least 1792 already Prevost had begun a correspondence with Dugald Stewart, which lasted until the (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  51
    L’Individuation Selon Brentano.Daniel Schulthess - 1999 - Philosophiques 26 (2):219–230.
    Brentano, expert et continuateur de l’ontologie aristotélicienne, traite du problème métaphysique de l’individuation dans un petit nombre d’écrits . Il retient pour ce problème une solution ordinairement rejetée, l’individuation par le lieu . À ce titre, il occupe une position originale. La notion de lieu, cependant, tout comme plus généralement la notion de l’accident, ressort tout à fait transformée des analyses de Brentano : le lieu devient une détermination substantielle, non accidentelle, des corps. Dans des écrits tardifs, Brentano étend son (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  33
    Bergson, Truth-Making, and the Retrograde Movement of the True.Daniel Schulthess - 2011 - Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan.
    Henri Bergson (1859-1941) was one of the main exponents of evolutionary thinking in the later nineteenth and early twentieth century. He gave that kind of thinking an unprecedented metaphysical turn. In consequence of his versatility he also encountered the notion of truth-making, which he connected with his ever-present concerns about time and duration. Eager to stress the dimension of radical change and of novelty in the nature of things, he rejected (in one form) what he called “the retrograde movement of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  4
    "Ah ! comme c’est fin" : réflexions sur l’esthétique de l’humour.Daniel Schulthess - 2018 - In Petru Bejan & Daniel Schulthess (eds.), Le Beau – Actes du XXXVIe Congrès de l’Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Iaşi, 23-27 août 2016. Iaşi: Editura Universităţii A. I. Cuza. pp. 391-397.
    The article deals with the aesthetic dimension of humour. The author starts with Hannah Arendt’s distinction between labour as a set of tasks necessary for the reproduction of biological life and praxis as an expression of freedom. In the same way the humour would be detached from the “working communication” of everyday life. Humour represents a “break” with ordinary modes of communication. This is done through “transpositions”, which can take the form of objectual transpositions (which play on the equivocal references (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  4
    Antoine Arnauld Et Thomas Reid, Défenseurs des Certitudes Perceptives, Communes Et Critiques des Entités Représentatives in Sens Commun.Daniel Schulthess - 1986 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 40 (158):276-291.
    The article proposes a comparison between the critique that Antoine Arnault (1612-1694) raises against Malebranche’s views on perception and the critique that Thomas Reid (1710-1796) moves against the theory of ideas defended by Berkeley and Hume. Both Arnault and Reid advocate a position according to which our perceptions allow us to have direct knowledge of material objects existing independently of us and not only of representations of them. Arnault proposes different arguments to refute Malebranche. In doing that he doesn’t completely (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  3
    Le Mouvement Rétrograde du Vrai Et du Possible Chez Bergson.Daniel Schulthess - 2017 - In J. Ferrari, S. Grapotte & A. Lahjomri (eds.), Le possible et l’impossible – Actes du XXXVe Congrès de l’Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Rabat, 26-30 août 2014. Paris: Vrin. pp. 345-348.
    The article proposes a comparison between the “retrograde” conception that Bergson has of truth and his atypical interpretation of the concept of possibility. These conceptions are developed in two articles collected in La pensée et le mouvant. The “retrograde” conception of truth starts from the observation of the temporal gap between an event and the formulation of the judgment that relates it and finds its condition of truth in it. The retrograde movement consists in putting aside the temporality proper to (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  3
    Questionner, savoir, ignorer: réflexions sur les dialogues socratiques de Platon (leçon inaugurale à l'Université de Neuchâtel).Daniel Schulthess - 1986-1987 - Annales de l'Université de Neuchâtel:p.256-272.
    The author focuses on the role that the epistemic practice of questioning, as it is presented in the Platonic dialogues, plays by Socrates. A comparison with Hintikka’s theory of questioning in proposed: in Hintikka’s account it is the questioner who endeavours to obtain new knowledge by asking someone who presumptively possesses that knowledge, whereas Socrates questions his interlocutors to wake in them the awareness of a knowledge they don’t know to possess. The origin of this knowledge is to be searched (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  4
    L'enseignement philosophique à l'Université de Neuchâtel (1910-1963).Daniel Schulthess - 2002 - In R. Scheurer (ed.), Histoire de l'Université de Neuchâtel, t.III. Neuchâtel: Université, Editions G. Attinger. pp. p. 400-406.
    The article sketches the biographies of the professors for Philosophy and Psychology at the University of Neuchâtel since its foundation in the year 1909, against the background of the intellectual climate in protestant French Switzerland.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  4
    L'impact de la philosophie écossaise sur la dialectique enseignée à Genève: un cours latin inédit (1793-1794) de Pierre Prevost.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - In Denis Knoepfler (ed.), Nomen latinum: Mélanges offerts à André Schneider, Neuchâtel, Faculté des lettres. Genève: Droz. pp. 383-390.
    The article is about a course of dialectic in Latin language that Pierre Prevost (1751-1839) had prepared for the use of the students of the Académie de Genève. This document testifies to the reception of the Scottish philosophy, especially of Reid, by Prevost. On the model of the Logique de Port-Royal the course is articulated in a part on the art of exposing truths already reached (the dialectic properly speaking: ideas, judgements, reasoning) and in a part on the discovery of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  4
    Une généalogie de l’imperfection : la situation de l’homme au physique et au moral selon Charles Secrétan.Daniel Schulthess - 2015 - In Nicole Hatem (ed.), Charles Secrétan philosophe de la liberté. Beyrouth: Publications l’Université Saint-Joseph-Faculté des lettres et sciences humaines. pp. 63-74.
    The article focuses on the Philosophy of Freedom of the Swiss philosopher Charles Secrétan (1815-1895) and on the attempt to reconcile freedom as the fundamental experience for the human being with the alleged necessitarianism that would result from the positive sciences. The notion of “fall” as it is found in the Christian tradition allows Secrétan to rediscover an original dimension from which we can conceive the laws of nature as contingent. It is space and time that impose their constraints and (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  3
    Dialectique et histoire de la philosophie.Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - In Philip Muller (ed.), Problèmes actuels de la dialectique (Colloque Jonas Cohn du Centre d'études hégéliennes et dialectiques, Neuchâtel, 23-24 juin 1995). Lausanne: L'Age d'Homme. pp. p.50-55..
    The author, referring in particular to Jonas Cohn’s Theorie der Dialektik, interprets Hegel’s dialectic in the light of the Aristotelian principle of the priority of actuality over potentiality. The principle finds application especially in the field of the Hegelian conception of the history of philosophy, which is thought from the point of view of Absolute Knowledge as actuality of the Spirit. In this regard the main issue is to understand the nature of the limitations that Spirit encounters on the way (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  3
    Entre ignorance et savoir : le rôle des questions dans la connaissance humaine.Daniel Schulthess - 2013 - In M. Malaguti & W. Tega (eds.), L'Action : penser l'action, agir la pensée - Actes du XXXIIIe Congrès de l'Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Venise, 17-21 août 2010. Paris: Vrin. pp. 543-547.
    The article deals with the role of questions in the process of acquiring knowledge. Starting from the classical definition of knowledge as true and justified opinion, the author shows how the justification of our opinions is based on an epistemic practice in which questions play a fundamental role. Before knowledge we have the stages of ignorance and uncertainty. The latter shows a disjunctive structure that is similar to that of questions. In order for questions to be asked a dimension of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  3
    Hast Du aufgehoert, Deinen Vater zu schlagen? (Diogenes Laertius, Vitae philosophorum II.135) - Was wir von einer Fangfrage lernen koennen.Daniel Schulthess - 2002 - In Helmut Linneweber & Georg Mohr (eds.), Interpretation und Argument: Festschrift Gerhard Seel zum 60. Geburtstag. Wuerzburg: Koenigshausen und Neumann. pp. p.93-102.
    The article confronts one of the ἄποpοι λόγοι discussed in ancient Eristic-Stoic logic: the famous “cuckold” (κερατίνης), where an interrogator has his respondent to admit to have been or still be cuckolded. The source of the problem is a principle of dialectics related to the principle of the excluded-middle according to which a question admits only a positive or a negative answer. To the question “Have you ceased to be cuckolded?” both answers seem to presuppose that the respondent has been (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  3
    Kierkegaard et le comique.Daniel Schulthess - 2013 - In Nicole Hatem (ed.), Kierkegaard, notre contemporain paradoxal,. Beyrouth: Editions de la Faculté des Lettres de l'Université Saint-Joseph. pp. 29-41.
    The article deals with Kierkegaard's conception of the comic and the role it plays in his thought. The background against which the issue must be tackled is Kierkegaard's critique of modernity: according to Kierkegaard, modernity is characterized by its objectifying tendencies, to which we must oppose the rediscovery of interiority. These two registers correspond to two different linguistic regimes: objectivity to direct communication, interiority to indirect communication. The latter can express itself in the form of the incongruity that grounds the (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  3
    L’ontologie du monde social chez Samuel Pufendorf et John R. Searle.Daniel Schulthess - 2010 - In A. Chenoufi, T. Cherif & S. Mosbah (eds.), L’Universel et le devenir de l’humain – Actes du XXXIIe Congrès de l’Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Tunis-Carthage,28-1er septembre 2008. Tunis: Association Tunisienne des Etudes Philosophiques. pp. p. 171-175..
    The article proposes a comparison between certain aspects of Samuel Pufendorf's (1632-1694) conception of natural law and certain aspects of John Searle's social ontology. As in Pufendorf the entia moralia are superimposed on the entia physica, of which they constitute modes that ground systems of norms (natural or positive), so in Searle the institutional facts that are created by certain speech acts of the performative type are superimposed on the physical facts. The difference between Pufendorf and Searle is that the (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  3
    Nietzsche métaéthicien.Daniel Schulthess - 2015 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 147:45-65.
    The author gives an account of how a set of themes that we nowadays call metaethics contributes to shaping Nietzsche’s approach to morality. Initially, moral judgement, or value judgement, in order to be acceptable for the philosopher, should be similar to a judgement made in the field of natural sciences. The impossibility of moral judgement to satisfy such a requirement precipitates the loss of morality, at least in Nietzsche’s “first way” (in Human too Human). The position thus joined comes with (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  13
    Reid and Lehrer: Metamind in History.Daniel Schulthess - 1991 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 40:135-147.
    The contrast between Thomas Reid's epistemological concerns and a common core of the classical approach to epistemology is the following one: Reid abandons the classical use for criteria of knowledge and pushes the problem of the justification of beliefs to the level of the mental faculties from which the beliefs arise. A similar shift plays various roles in Keith Lehrer's coherentist epistemology. However, this shift raises several difficulties: (i) the impact of epistemological concerns on actual intellectual inquiries gets lost; (ii) (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  21
    L'idée d'une doctrine cohérentiste de la justification épistémique.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 129 (2):127-139.
    In the philosophical tradition marked by Descartes and empiricism, the idea of epistemic justification was most often seen in terms of construction on foundations that would be as many immediately justified starting points. The article exposes a completely different approach to the question, due to the philosopher Keith Lehrer. In this approach the epistemic justification derives from a coherence relationship between beliefs that are never immediately justified starting points. What is then decisive for the justification of a belief is to (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  2
    Alphonse Guillebert (1792-1861).Daniel Schulthess - 1988 - In R. Scheurer (ed.), Histoire de l'Université de Neuchâtel, t.I: La première Académie (1838-1848). Neuchâtel: Université, et Editions G. Attinger. pp. p.305-317.
    Alphonse Guillebert (1792-1861), pastor, teacher and politician, was one of the leading figures of the Academy of Neuchâtel, founded in 1838 and opened to students in the autumn of 1840. In this article, we will first offer a brief biography, then indications on the various facets of the written work of our author. We have used only a part of the available sources and we are therefore aware that further study would be worthwhile. In the following, we describe the philosophy (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  3
    De soi aux choses: la référence selon R. Chisholm.Daniel Schulthess - 1987 - Travaux du Centre de Recherches Sémiologiques (Université de Neuchâtel):p.111-120..
    The article provides a critical overview of the main theses contained in the book The First Person by Roderick Chisholm. Chisholm's main thesis is that of the priority of the reference de se over reference de re. Chisholm develops firstly a theory of properties according to which these must be able to remain unexemplified. This excludes from the outset that we can reinterpret the indexical term “I” (the first person) in the sense of a property, since an indexical term always (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  2
    Esquisse d’une critique de la raison humoristique.Daniel Schulthess - 2013 - Bulletin de la Société Française de Philosophie 107:36 p.
    Among the salient aspects of laughter; I retain its aptitude to administer a kind of punishment – albeit of a relatively mild character. Henri Bergson did not hesitate to adopt for himself the traditional formula that "laughter chastises the ways of life" (Laughter, I.2). I maintain that laughter, seen under this angle, simultaneously conveys an evaluation (commonly a depreciative one) and an immediately implemented punishment. This twofold nature makes of laughter a very specific kind of behavior. The starting point of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  2
    Le bonheur et le hasard.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - Studia Philosophica 56:115-123.
    The article explores the relationship between the (etymologically related) notions of haphazardness and happiness in the history of Western philosophy. Although a certain popular wisdom sees in happiness a product of the vagaries of life, philosophers have rather tried to decouple the pursuit of happiness from the haphazard. We can distinguish two ways: the way of the Ancients tries to redefine the parameters of a happy life so as to remove it from haphazardness as much as possible (Aristotle) or even (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  2
    La psychologie politique d’Adam Smith: Biais cognitifs et différences sociales dans la Théorie des sentiments moraux.Daniel Schulthess - 2009 - Studia Philosophica: Jahrbuch Der Schweizerischen Philosoph Ischen Gesellschaft, Annuaire de la Société Suisse de Philosphie 68:207-218.
    In his Theory of moral Sentiments , Adam Smith does not deal only with interpersonal moral issues. He also addresses some economic and political consequences that tie with his analysis of ‘sympathy’. Interestingly, these socially relevant outcomes do not feature as products of sympathy proper, but rather as byproducts of certain ‘irregularities’ or biases which affect the way sympathy actually works. The stability of a political society through a system of ‘ranks’ which are spontaneously granted a share of authority thus (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  2
    Réalisme, critique du langage et inventivité conceptuelle.Daniel Schulthess - 2001 - In Jean-Pierre Cotten & Benoît Hufschmitt (eds.), Repérer, formaliser, traduire les concepts philosophiques: Actes du colloque de Besançon des 23-24 juin 1999. Besançon: Presses universitaires franc-comtoises. pp. p.219-221..
    Platonic realism has little place for conceptual invention. The possibilities of conceptual inventivity are assessed in the paper.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  2
    Troubles with Common Sense.Daniel Schulthess - 1993 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 75:p.83-88.
    The articles critically discusses K. Lehrer’s book Thomas Reid (1989). In particular, the author criticizes some central aspects of Reid’s epistemology of common sense. Two points are particularly problematic: 1) the identification of common sense beliefs: how are the contents of common sense beliefs specified or individuated? The author shows that there are two possibilities for the identification of common sense beliefs – on one understandings these beliefs are explicit, on the other they are implicit and have to be made (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  2
    Les obstacles à l’acceptation de normes nouvelles: l’apport du Principe responsabilité à une éthique de l’environnement.Daniel Schulthess - 2004 - Contrepointphilosophique.
    The article considers the questions posed by environmental ethics in the light of the work of Hans Jonas, especially his work Das Prinzip Verantwortung. Jonas centers his ethic on the concept of responsibility, which finds its expression in the categorical imperative that enjoins us to take into account the future effects of our actions. The specification of this imperative generates a series of problems: 1) given that the specification rests on complex causal chains, it has an hypothetical character; 2) the (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  1
    Contraintes Globales Et Responsabilité Individuelle.Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - In La nature: thèmes philosophiques, thèmes d'actualité - Actes du XXVe Congrès de l'ASPLF, Lausanne, 25-28 août 1994. Lausanne, Genève, Neuchâtel: Cahiers de la Revue de théologie et de philosophie, no.18. pp. p.350-354..
    Is the classical model of action, damage, and responsibility, which is based on the idea that it is always possible to individuate the direct or indirect damages resulting from a certain individual or collective action, still valid in the case of the environmental consequences of industrial production and mass consumption? We argue that the absence of a classical plaintiff in these cases implies that we have to conceive of the consequences of our individual actions (as consumers of industrial goods for (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31.  1
    Introduction à De l’imitation théâtrale de J.J. Rousseau.Daniel Schulthess - 2012 - In R. Trousson & F. Eigeldinger (eds.), Œuvres complètes de Jean Jacques Rousseau, t. XVI. Genève-Paris: Slatkine-Champion. pp. p. 651-655, annotation du texte,.
    The text shortly introduces Rousseau’s De l’imitation théatrale (1764). Rousseau’s writing is basically a translation of the first pages of Book X of Plato’s Republic. On the one hand, Rousseau shares with Plato the ethical rigor that, in view of a certain political project, leads to the moral condemnation of theatrical practices. On the other hand, the metaphysical assumptions on which Plato’s critique relies are much heavier than those of Rousseau, whose sensualistic nominalism is incompatible with the metaphysical realism about (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32.  1
    Une Conception de l'Objectivité du Mal.Daniel Schulthess - 1986 - In J. Hainard & Rudolf Kaehr (eds.), Le mal et la douleur. Neuchâtel: Musée d'ethnographie. pp. p.171-180.
    The article sketches a possible argument for the objectivity of the evil. In a first stage the author deals with the emotivist thesis according to which evaluative judgments are nothing other than the expression of our positive or negative emotions toward an object. Although this thesis is rejected, the idea that emotions play a central role by the uttering of an evaluative judgement is retained. It is only by critically examining such judgments that one can eviscerate the objective core they (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33.  1
    Did Reid Hold Coherentist Views ?Daniel Schulthess - 1989 - In M. Dalgarno & Eva Matthews (eds.), The Philosophy of Thomas Reid. Dordrecht: Reidel. pp. p.193-203..
    The article criticizes the interpretation of Thomas Reid’s philosophy as a form of coherentism put forward by Lehrer and Smith. In the author’s view Reid’s “first principles”, which govern the activities of our faculties, rely on a correspondence theory of truth. At the same time the rightness of our first principles in conjunction with the fact that the world is structured in such a way that true judgements about it do not lead to contradiction entails that our “doxastic system” (i.e. (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34.  1
    Réflexions sur la motivation économique.Daniel Schulthess - 1998 - In Robert Damien & André Tosel (eds.), L'action collective: coordination, conseil, planification, Vol.12 de la série AGON. Besançon: Annales littéraires de l'Université de Franche-Comté. pp. p.247-257.
    Although, according to the Austrian school, economic competition, since it pushes entrepreneurs to innovations that benefit not only themselves but consumers as well, is supposed to lead to the public good, it is essential to consider also the possibility of cartel formation. In this case a mechanism is set up whereby the prices of goods and services are kept artificially high. The article shows that it is the same entrepreneurial spirit celebrated by the Austrian school that makes that in certain (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  35.  20
    «S'oublier soi-même»?Daniel Schulthess - 2009 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 107 (4):637-646.
    At the end of the XVIIth century Nicholas Malebranche intervened in the «quietist dispute» in his Treatise on the Love of God (1697). This short treatise presents an anti-quietist standpoint based on the philosopher’s systematic analyses in the fields of theology and of psychology of the feelings and of the will. This article shows how Malebranche takes up the challenge of quietism, the logical heart of which, here reconstituted rigorously, is found in other moral philosophies. The requirement of impartiality produces (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36.  1
    Humour, éthique et communication indirecte: Réflexions à partir de S. Kierkegaard.Daniel Schulthess - 2014 - Studia Philosophica 73:119-131.
    The authors begins with the observation that jokes can have a different moral import: some may even be edifying. Is humor therefore to be integrated into an overall moral perspective? One of the leading philosophers of the 19th century, S. Kierkegaard, pleaded for such an integration. The best way to understand why he took such a stand is to articulate the edifying jokes - or rather the humor that underlies them - in terms of Kierkegaard's notion of indirect communication. However, (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  37.  1
    Impacts agrégés et politique du risque environnemental.Daniel Schulthess - 2001 - In Jean-Paul Harpes & Lukas K. Sosoe (eds.), La démocratie en discussion. Münster: LIT. pp. p.305-315..
    The causal texture of environmental problems is very different from the causal aspects which are relevant in other cases of moral or legal significance. The author suggest to take account of this in environmental matters. He takes the various instruments of environmental policy Under scrutiny: regulations, taxes and labels. He argues that labels have strong advantages over the two others instruments: they somehow map the texture of environmental problems and have interesting motivational properties.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  1
    L'intentionnalité de Se Et le Problème de L'Individuation.Daniel Schulthess - 2006 - In P. Billouet, J. Gaubert, N. Robinet & A. Stanguennec (eds.), L'Homme et la réflexion - Actes du XXXe Congrès de l'Association des Sociétés de philosophie de langue française (ASPLF), Nantes, 24-28 août 2004. Paris: Vrin. pp. p. 367-371.
    Starting from an anecdote reported by Ernst Mach in the Analysis of Sensations, the author shows how the distinction between intentionality de re and intentionality de se can contribute to solving the individuation problem, at least for those individuals who are capable of self-referentiality. Intentionality is expressed linguistically in the form of the oratio obliqua, in the context of which the subordinate can be false even when the whole is true. The analysis of the conditions of falsity of the subordinate (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39.  1
    L'acte et l'omission face à la mort humaine présentent-ils des différences moralement significatives ?Daniel Schulthess - 1996 - In M. Vadée (ed.), La vie et la mort: Actes du XXIVe Congrès de l'ASPLF (Poitiers, 1992). Poitiers: Société poitevine de philosophie. pp. p.223-225..
    Although our moral intuitions lead us to distinguish, with regard to euthanasia, between the omission to treat a terminal patient and the act of actively kill him, consequentialists deny that there is such a distinction. The article considers a logico-mathemtical difficulty following from the consequentialist approach to moral problems, arguing thus for the necessity to take into consideration also other philosophical resources to deal with the issue of euthanasia. Indeed, as soon as one considers a population varying both in its (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  1
    L'approche imagée des situations d'incertitude dans 'Le petit Poucet' (1697) de Charles Perrault.Daniel Schulthess - 2000 - In Pierre Centlivres & Isabelle Girod (eds.), Les défis migratoires: Colloque Cluse, Neuchâtel 1998. Zurich: Seismo. pp. p.224-230..
    Our aim is to show how the well-known tale of Charles Perrault, Le Petit Poucet, contains the illustration of two principles of rational choice in a situation of uncertainty, the maximin ("to limit the breakage") and the maximax ("to target the best"). It builds in a targeted and economical way highly fluctuating situations which make inapplicable the first while showing the virtualities of the second principle. As such, this children's story has a new reading, which is not without connection to (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  1
    Les Limites À l'Avancement de la Science Selon Nicholas Rescher.Daniel Schulthess - 1981 - In M. Schaffter, M. Borel & P. Muller (eds.), Réflexions en hommage au Professeur Philippe Muller. Neuchâtel: Editions Messeiller. pp. p.163-183.
    The article discusses in detail Nicholas Rescher’s book Scientific Progess: A Philosophical Essay on the Economics of Research in Natural Science (1978). Rescher discusses the possibilities of further progress for science. According to Rescher there are no limits by principles to scientific progress. Among the positions which postulate an end of scientific progress there are some which see the reason in the finiteness of nature, others in the finitude of our intellectual resources. According to Rescher science arises from the interaction (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  1
    Machines Finies Et Machines Infinies Chez Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 1999 - In Dominique Berlioz & Frédéric Nef (eds.), L'actualité de Leibniz: les deux labyrinthes (Studia leibnitiana, Supplementa 34). Stuttgart: F. Steiner. pp. p.633-642..
    The article develops the conception that Leibniz has of organisms as machines of a particular type, differing from artificial machines because 1. all the parts of an organic machine are in turn composed by smaller machines and thus to infinity; and 2. the maintenance of the individual identity in living machines is provided by the fact that they have folds going to infinity which can unfold and fold back, thus allowing infinite transformations of the body. The author then discusses these (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  1
    Rire de l'ignorance? (Platon, Philèbe 48a-50e).Daniel Schulthess - 2000 - In Marie-Laurence Desclos (ed.), Le rire des Grecs: Anthropologie du rire en Grèce ancienne. Grenoble: Millon. pp. 309-318.
    The article deals with Plato’s analysis of the phenomenon of comedy in the Philebus (48a-50e). The laughter aroused by comic spectacles is an example of a purely psychic pleasure mixed with pain. The analysis is articulated in three stages: a) 48b-c: starting from envy (φθόνος) as a form of pain of the soul, it is shown that one can experience pleasure in the face of the ills of those whom we envy; b) 48c-49c: the ridicule (γελοῖον) of the comic characters (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  1
    Reid in Europe.Daniel Schulthess - 1999 - Reid Studies 2 (2):p.19-30.
    Thomas Reid’s influence on continental and especially on French philosophy at the beginning of the 19th century has to be considered against the background of the crisis of the philosophical project of the moderns. This project, which is intimately related to the rise of the modern scientific world image, has one of its major tenets in the so called “theory of ideas” introduced by Descartes and developed further by Locke. By emphasizing the role of our active faculties in the formulation (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  1
    Zur Infinitisierung der Automaten: Descartes Und Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - In J. Soering & R. Sorgg (eds.), Die Androiden: Zur Poetologie der Automaten. Francfort: P. Lang. pp. p.85-98..
    The article compares Descartes’ and Leibniz’ use of the concept of a machine. For Descartes, the activity of the engineers rises to become the model for the scientific enterprise: one proceeds from the simple and the familiar to explain the complex. In this way one can escape the sheer astonishment about the complexity of the machines and their effects. This mechanical model is extended also to the explanation of the living beings. Also Leibniz regards living beings as machines. The difference (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  9
    Psychologie et épistémologie de la croyance selon Hume.Daniel Schulthess - 1993 - Dialectica 47 (2‐3):255-267.
    RésuméDans son Traité, Hume a voulu, en un premier temps, dégager une conception purement psychologique et naturaliste de la croyance, et ainsi en exclure l'éaluation par une épistémologie normative. Dans un second temps toutefois, il réintroduisit une dimension épistémologique originale, s'écartant par là de son programme psychologique initial.
    Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  1
    Concorde philosophique et réduplication chez Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 2007 - Studia Philosophica 66:211-220.
    Leibniz presents himself, especially in his late correspondence with Remond, as a concordist: in other philosophical views, even distant and ancient ones, he sets out to discover «traces of truth» that are already present there. According to the concordist programme, Leibniz claims, philosophers are right in what they affi rm, and wrong in what they deny. This paradoxical asymmetry is given a logical explanation in the paper, in connection with the topic of «reduplication», i. e. the introduction of qualifi cations (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  10
    Reid and His French Disciples: Aesthetics and Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Daniel Schulthess - 1998 - International Studies in Philosophy 30 (2):138-139.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  5
    The Context of the Stewart–Prevost Correspondence.Claire Etchegaray, Knud Haakonssen, Daniel Schulthess, David Stauffer & Paul Wood - 2012 - History of European Ideas 38 (1):5-18.
    Summary The correspondence in this issue of History of European Ideas has not previously been published. It is the surviving part of the epistolary exchange between Dugald Stewart and the Genevan professor and man of letters Pierre Prevost (1751?1839) from the 1790s to the 1820s. To this are added several closely connected letters to and from their associates. This correspondence is striking evidence of the republic of letters continuing to flourish in the aftermath of the French Revolution, illustrating the transmission (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  5
    The Correspondence of Dugald Stewart, Pierre Prevost, and Their Circle, 1794–1829.Claire Etchegaray, Knud Haakonssen, Daniel Schulthess, David Stauffer & Paul Wood - 2012 - History of European Ideas 38 (1):19-73.
    The letters published here belong to the ‘Fonds Pierre Prevost’ held by the Library of Geneva. Our presentation of the letters is modelled on that of the published correspondences of Adam Smith and Thomas Reid. Our aim in transcribing the letters that follow has been to establish a clean and reliable text with minimal editorial intervention. We have made no attempt to normalise the spellings, capitalisation, and apparently aberrant usage found in the letters or to modernise the punctuation, and we (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
1 — 50 / 74