Results for 'Daniel Stuart'

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  1.  83
    John Stuart Mill's Philosophy of Economics.Daniel M. Hausman - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (3):363-385.
    John Stuart Mill regards economics as an inexact and separate science which employs a deductive method. This paper analyzes and restates Mill's views and considers whether they help one to understand philosophical peculiarities of contemporary microeconomic theory. The author concludes that it is philosophically enlightening to interpret microeconomics as an inexact and separate science, but that Mill's notion of a deductive method has only a little to contribute.
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  2.  13
    Generality and Specificity in the Effects of Musical Expertise on Perception and Cognition.Daniel Carey, Stuart Rosen, Saloni Krishnan, Marcus T. Pearce, Alex Shepherd, Jennifer Aydelott & Frederic Dick - 2015 - Cognition 137:81-105.
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  3. Utilitarianism Without Consequentialism: The Case of John Stuart Mill.Daniel Jacobson - 2008 - Philosophical Review 117 (2):159-191.
    This essay argues, flouting paradox, that Mill was a utilitarian but not a consequentialist. First, it contends that there is logical space for a view that deserves to be called utilitarian despite its rejection of consequentialism; second, that this logical space is, in fact, occupied by John Stuart Mill. The key to understanding Mill's unorthodox utilitarianism and the role it plays in his moral philosophy is to appreciate his sentimentalist metaethics—especially his account of wrongness in terms of fitting guilt (...)
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  4.  7
    Embedded Ethics Could Help Implement the Pipeline Model Framework for Machine Learning Healthcare Applications.Amelia Fiske, Daniel Tigard, Ruth Müller, Sami Haddadin, Alena Buyx & Stuart McLennan - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (11):32-35.
    The field of artificial intelligence ethics has exploded in recent years, with countless academics, organizations, and influencers rushing to consider how AI technology can be developed and im...
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  5.  16
    How Does the Physiology Change with Symptom Exacerbation and Remission in Schizophrenia?George G. Dougherty, Stuart R. Steinhauer, Joseph Zubin & Daniel P. van Kammen - 1991 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (1):25-26.
  6.  19
    Yogācāra Substrata? Precedent Frames for Yogācāra Thought Among Third-Century Yoga Practitioners in Greater Gandhāra.Daniel Stuart - 2018 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 46 (2):193-240.
    The connection between early yogācāras, or practitioners of yoga, and later Yogācāra-vijñānavāda philosophy has long preoccupied scholars. But these connections remain obscure. This article suggests that a text that has received little attention in modern scholarship, the Saddharmasmṛtyupasthānasūtra, may shed light on aspects of early yogācāra contemplative cultures that gave rise to some of the formative dynamics of Yogācāra-vijñānavāda thought. I show how traditional Buddhist meditative practice and engagement with Abhidharma theoretics come together in the Saddharmasmṛtyuasthānasūtra to produce a novel (...)
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  7. Reduced Amygdala Response in Youths With Disruptive Behavior Disorders and Psychopathic Traits: Decreased Emotional Response Versus Increased Top-Down Attention to Nonemotional Features.Stuart F. White, Abigail A. Marsh, Katherine A. Fowler, Julia C. Schechter, Christopher Adalio, Kayla Pope, Stephen Sinclair, Daniel S. Pine & R. James R. Blair - 2012 - American Journal of Psychiatry 169 (7):750-758.
    Youths with disruptive behavior disorders and psychopathic traits showed reduced amygdala responses to fearful expressions under low attentional load but no indications of increased recruitment of regions implicated in top- down attentional control. These findings suggest that the emotional deficit observed in youths with disruptive behavior disorders and psychopathic traits is primary and not secondary to increased top- down attention to nonemotional stimulus features.
     
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  8.  21
    Daniel M. Fox & Christopher Lawrence. Photographing Medicine: Images and Power in Britain and America Since 1840. New York, Westport, London: Greenwood Press, 1988. Pp. 357. ISBN 0-313-23719-0. £36.50. [REVIEW]Stuart Blume - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (3):364-365.
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  9.  5
    'Natural Death': Clarifying the Definition.Stuart M. Brown, Paul Ramsey, Charles L. Y. Cheng & Daniel Callahan - 1977 - Hastings Center Report 7 (6):39.
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  10.  39
    John Stuart Mill on Liberty and Control, And: Mill's Moral, Political and Legal Philosophy (Review).Daniel E. Palmer - 2001 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (2):308-311.
  11. Glyn Edmund Daniel, 1914-1986.Stuart Piggott - 1989 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 74: 1988. pp. 351-359.
     
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  12.  21
    Book Review:The Genius of American Politics. Daniel J. Boorstin. [REVIEW]Stuart Gerry Brown - 1954 - Ethics 65 (1):66-.
  13. Abortion and the Status of the Fetus.William B. Bondesson, H. Tristram Englehardt, Stuart Spicker & Daniel H. Winship (eds.) - 1983 - D. Reidel.
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  14.  11
    Public Reporting and Pay-for-Performance: Safety-Net Hospital Executives' Concerns and Policy Suggestions.L. Elizabeth Goldman, Stuart Henderson, Daniel P. Dohan, Jason A. Talavera & R. Adams Dudley - 2007 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 44 (2):137-145.
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  15.  15
    The Genius of American Politics. By Stuart Gerry Brown. [REVIEW]Daniel J. Boorstin - 1954 - Ethics 65:66.
  16. In Memoriam, a Memorial Discourse in Honour of John Stuart Mill.Moncure Daniel Conway - 1873
     
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  17.  40
    Economics as Separate and Inexact: Daniel M. Hausman.Daniel M. Hausman - 1996 - Economics and Philosophy 12 (2):207-220.
    The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics offers an overview of standard microeconomics and general equilibrium theory. These are not the whole of orthodox economics, and orthodox economics is not the whole of economics. But orthodox economics dominates the profession, and the theoretical core of microeconomics and general equilibrium theory – what I called ‘equilibrium theory’ – is central to most orthodox economics. Unlike many methodological works, which focus almost exclusively on the empirical problems of equilibrium theory and its applications, (...)
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  18.  26
    A Cycle of Cathay. The Chinese Vogue in England During the Seventeenth and Elighteenth CenturiesThe Musical Experience of Composer, Performer, ListenerA Picture Book of Ancient Art.William A. Appleton, Roger Sessions, Stuart Piggott & Glyn E. Daniel - 1952 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 10 (3):288.
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  19.  33
    The Composition of Economic Causes.Daniel M. Hausman - 1995 - The Monist 78 (3):295-307.
    Discusses the composition of economic causes. Applications of John Stuart Mill’s inductive method to economics; Problems with the deductive method; Effect of multiple causal factors in economics; Derivation of economic laws; Mill’s arguments for deductive economics.
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  20. Qualitative Utilitarianism.Daniel Holbrook - 1988 - Upa.
    This text offers an interpretation of John Stuart Mill's ethical theory, Qualitatively-Hedonistic Utilitarianism, as well as a discussion, analysis and solution of problems that have arisen in the theory since the initial publication of Utilitarianism in 1861.
     
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  21.  1
    Foucault as Translator of Binswanger and von Weizsäcker.Stuart Elden - forthcoming - Theory, Culture and Society:026327642095045.
    Foucault’s Introduction to a translation of Ludwig Binswanger’s essay ‘Dream and Existence’ was published in late 1954. The translation was credited to Jacqueline Verdeaux, with Foucault acknowledged for the notes. Yet Verdeaux herself indicates the intensely collaborative nature of their working process and the translation. In 1958, Victor von Weizsäcker’s Der Gestaltkreis was published in French as Le Cycle de la structure, translated by Foucault and Daniel Rocher. Foucault went on to translate and introduce Immanuel Kant’s Anthropology as his (...)
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  22. Toward a Science of Human Nature Essays on the Psychologies of Mill, Hegel, Wundt and James.Daniel N. Robinson (ed.) - 1982 - Columbia Univ. Pr..
     
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  23. The Ethics of Capitalism: An Introduction.Daniel Halliday & John Thrasher - 2020 - Oup Usa.
    This is an undergraduate-level textbook that introduces classical political philosophy as a framework to evaluate the ethics of capitalism up to the present day. It is rooted in historical eighteenth- and nineteenth-century defenses of capitalism, as written by key proponents such as Adam Smith and John Stuart Mill, and applies these arguments to contemporary issues such as wage inequality, global trade, climate change, and the welfare state. The authors aim to engage students in debating the ethics of economic systems-specifically (...)
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  24.  22
    Making Sense of Mill. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Weinstock - 1996 - Dialogue 35 (4):791-804.
    Wendy Donner's The Liberal Self: John Stuart Mill's Moral and Political Philosophy is an important and thought-provoking addition to the growing body of literature seeking to rescue Mill's practical philosophy from the rather lowly place it occupied in the estimation of many philosophers earlier this century, and to present him as a philosopher whose views form a coherent, systematic whole that can still contribute significantly to numerous moral and political debates. The book proposes an interpretation of the whole of (...)
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  25.  39
    Explanation in the Special Science: The Case of Biology and History.Marie I. Kaiser, Oliver Scholz, Daniel Plenge & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.) - 2014 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Contents 1 Introduction – Points of Contact between Biology and History Marie I. Kaiser and Daniel Plenge Part I General Issues on Explanation 2 The Ontic Account of Scientific Explanation, Carl F. Craver Part II Explanation in the Biological Sciences 3 Causal Graphs and Biological Mechanisms, Alexander Gebharter and Marie I. Kaiser 4 Semiotic Explanation in the Biological Sciences, Ulrich Krohs 5 Mechanisms, Pathomechanisms, and Disease in Scientific Clinical Medicine, Gerhard Müller-Strahl 6 The Generalizations of Biology: Historical and Contingent? (...)
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  26.  17
    Grand Ideals: Mill's Two Perfectionisms.Daniel Brudney - 2008 - History of Political Thought 29 (3):485-515.
    argue that there are two forms of perfectionism in John Stuart Mill's work, two ideals of the person. One, the self-development ideal, is found in On Liberty. The other, the strong identification ideal, is tied to Mill's advocacy of a 'religion of humanity' and is found in Utilitarianism, 'Utility of Religion', and other texts. My first concern is to show that Mill's work contains this latter ideal. Next, I situate the strong identification ideal historically. Finally, I ask whether both (...)
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  27.  17
    Cómo hacer cosas con la libertad de expresión.Daniel Gamper - 2007 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 16 (2):98-115.
    In “Two Concepts of Liberty”, I. Berlin asserts, referring to Mill, that there is no necessary link between freedom as non-interference and freedom as self-government. If, by contrast, we focus our attention on freedom of expression, the assertion of Berlin loses its footing. Freedom of expression is, according to Mill, a public good:either because it serves to control the rulers, or because it allows the collective search for truth. Non-interference in the consciousness of individuals is not an end in itself, (...)
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  28. Autonomy (The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism).Daniel Groll - 2013 - In James Crimmins (ed.), The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of Utilitarianism. Bloomsbury Academic.
  29.  37
    The Misplaced Role of “Utilitarianism” in John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism.David Wright - unknown
    This thesis aims to provide the appropriate historical context for interpreting John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism. The central question considered here concerns two views of Mill's intentions for Utilitarianism, and whether the work should be read as Mill arguing for his own version of utilitarianism, or as an ecumenical document expressing and defending the views of many utilitarians. The first view, labeled the orthodox view, as defended by Roger Crisp, is probably the most commonly held view as to how to (...)
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  30. Why Modal Fictionalism is Not Self-Defeating.Richard Woodward - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 139 (2):273 - 288.
    Gideon Rosen’s [1990 Modal fictionalism. Mind, 99, 327–354] Modal Fictionalist aims to secure the benefits of realism about possible-worlds, whilst avoiding commitment to the existence of any world other than our own. Rosen [1993 A problem for fictionalism about possible worlds. Analysis, 53, 71–81] and Stuart Brock [1993 Modal fictionalism: A response to Rosen. Mind, 102, 147–150] both argue that fictionalism is self-defeating since the fictionalist is tacitly committed to the existence of a plurality of worlds. In this paper, (...)
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  31.  86
    Lifelines: Biology Beyond Determinism.Steven P. R. Rose - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Reductionism--understanding complex processes by breaking them into simpler elements--dominates scientific thinking around the world and has certainly proved a powerful tool, leading to major discoveries in every field of science. But reductionism can be taken too far, especially in the life sciences, where sociobiological thinking has bordered on biological determinism. Thus popular science writers such as Richard Dawkins, author of the highly influential The Selfish Gene, can write that human beings are just "robot vehicles blindly programmed to preserve the selfish (...)
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  32. Risks of Artificial Intelligence.Vincent C. Müller (ed.) - 2016 - CRC Press - Chapman & Hall.
    Papers from the conference on AI Risk (published in JETAI), supplemented by additional work. --- If the intelligence of artificial systems were to surpass that of humans, humanity would face significant risks. The time has come to consider these issues, and this consideration must include progress in artificial intelligence (AI) as much as insights from AI theory. -- Featuring contributions from leading experts and thinkers in artificial intelligence, Risks of Artificial Intelligence is the first volume of collected chapters dedicated to (...)
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  33.  51
    From Greece to Babylon:The Political Thought of Andrew Michael Ramsay (1686–1743).Doohwan Ahn - 2011 - History of European Ideas 37 (4):421-437.
    This paper explores the political thought of Andrew Michael Ramsay with particular reference to his highly acclaimed book called A New Cyropaedia, or the Travels of Cyrus (1727). Dedicated to Prince Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender, to whom he was tutor, this work has been hitherto viewed as a Jacobite imitation of the Telemachus, Son of Ulysses(1699) of his eminent teacher archbishop Fénelon of Cambrai. By tracing the dual legacy of the first Persian Emperor Cyrus in Western thought, (...)
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  34.  2
    Explaining the Origins of Multicellularity: Between Evolutionary Dynamics and Developmental Mechanisms.A. C. Love - 2016 - In K. J. Niklas & S. A. Newman (eds.), Multicellularity: Origins and Evolution. MIT press. pp. 279–295.
    Overview The evolution of multicellularity raises questions regarding genomic and developmental commonalities and discordances, selective advantages and disadvantages, physical determinants of development, and the origins of morphological novelties. It also represents a change in the definition of individuality, because a new organism emerges from interactions among single cells. This volume considers these and other questions, with contributions that explore the origins and consequences of the evolution of multicellularity, addressing a range of topics, organisms, and experimental protocols. Each section focuses on (...)
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  35. Intercourse and Moral Responsibility for the Fetus.Holly M. Smith - 1983 - In William B. Bondesson, H. Tristram Englehardt, Stuart Spicker & Daniel H. Winship (eds.), Abortion and the Status of the Fetus. D. Reidel.
    in Abortion and the Status of the Fetus, Volume XIII of the series, “Philosophy of Medicine,” eds. William B. Bondeson, H. Tristram Englehardt, Stuart Spicker, and Daniel H. Winship (Dordrecht, Holland/Boston, Massachusetts: D. Reidel, 1983), pp. 229-245.
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  36. The Collected Works of John Stuart Mill.John Stuart Mill - 2006 - Liberty Fund.
  37. The Philosophy of John Stuart Mill: Ethical, Political, and Religious.John Stuart Mill - 1961 - New York: Modern Library.
    Bentham.--Coleridge.--M. de Tocqueville on democracy in America.--On liberty.--Utilitarianism.--From Considerations on representative government.--From An examination of Sir William Hamilton's philosophy, volume 1.--From Three essays on religion.--John Stuart Mill, a select bibliography (p. [525]-530).
     
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  38. Essential Works of John Stuart Mill.John Stuart Mill & Max Lerner - 1965 - Bantam Books.
     
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  39. Autobiography of John Stuart Mill.John Stuart Mill - 1960 - Columbia University Press.
     
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  40. The Correspondence of John Stuart Mill and Auguste Comte.John Stuart Mill, Auguste Comte & Oscar A. Haac - 1995
     
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  41. Hedonism and Welfare Economics: Daniel M. Hausman.Daniel M. Hausman - 2010 - Economics and Philosophy 26 (3):321-344.
    This essay criticizes the proposal recently defended by a number of prominent economists that welfare economics be redirected away from the satisfaction of people's preferences and toward making people happy instead. Although information about happiness may sometimes be of use, the notion of happiness is sufficiently ambiguous and the objections to identifying welfare with happiness are sufficiently serious that welfare economists are better off using preference satisfaction as a measure of welfare. The essay also examines and criticizes the position associated (...)
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  42.  2
    Elizabeth Stuart Phelps: A Good Feminist Woman Doing Bad Theology?Elizabeth Stuart - 2001 - Feminist Theology 9 (26):70-82.
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  43. John Stuart Mill's "the Subjection of Women" His Contemporary and Modern Critics.Lesley A. Jacobs, Richard Vandewetering & John Stuart Mill - 1999
  44. The Autobiography of John Stuart Mill.John Stuart Mill & A. O. J. Cockshut - 1992
     
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  45. Embodiment and Self-Ownership: Daniel C. Russell.Daniel C. Russell - 2010 - Social Philosophy and Policy 27 (1):135-167.
    Many libertarians believe that self-ownership is a separate matter from ownership of extra-personal property. “No-proviso” libertarians hold that property ownership should be free of any “fair share” constraints, on the grounds that the inability of the very poor to control property leaves their self-ownership intact. By contrast, left-libertarians hold that while no one need compensate others for owning himself, still property owners must compensate others for owning extra-personal property. What would a “self” have to be for these claims to be (...)
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  46. Preference Satisfaction and Welfare Economics: Daniel M. Hausman and Michael S. McPherson.Daniel M. Hausman - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):1-25.
    The tenuous claims of cost-benefit analysis to guide policy so as to promote welfare turn on measuring welfare by preference satisfaction and taking willingness-to-pay to indicate preferences. Yet it is obvious that people's preferences are not always self-interested and that false beliefs may lead people to prefer what is worse for them even when people are self-interested. So welfare is not preference satisfaction, and hence it appears that cost-benefit analysis and welfare economics in general rely on a mistaken theory of (...)
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  47. Collected Works of John Stuart Mill, Volume X, Essays on Ethics, Religion and Society.John Stuart Mill, J. M. Robson, F. E. L. Priestley & D. P. Dryer - 1970 - Philosophy 45 (173):252-254.
     
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  48. The Six Great Humanistic Essays of John Stuart Mill.John Stuart Mill - 1963 - New York: Washington Square Press.
    Thoughts on poetry and its vbarieties.--Bentham.--Coleridge.--On liberty.--Utilitarianism.--Inaugural address at Saint Andrews.
     
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  49.  20
    Standards: Daniel M. Hausman & Michael S. McPherson.Daniel M. Hausman - 1988 - Economics and Philosophy 4 (1):1-7.
  50. Problems with Realism in Economics: Daniel M. Hausman.Daniel M. Hausman - 1998 - Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):185-213.
    This essay attempts to distinguish the pressing issues for economists and economic methodologists concerning realism in economics from those issues that are of comparatively slight importance. In particular I shall argue that issues concerning the goals of science are of considerable interest in economics, unlike issues concerning the evidence for claims about unobservables, which have comparatively little relevance. In making this argument, this essay raises doubts about the two programs in contemporary economic methodology that raise the banner of realism. In (...)
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