17 found
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  1. Creating Frugal Citizens. The Liberal Egalitarian Case for Teaching Frugality.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2015 - Theory and Research in Education 13 (3):286-307.
    According to Agenda 21, the United Nation’s action plan for sustainable development, ‘Governments and private sector organisations should promote more positive attitudes towards sustainable consumption through education, public awareness programmes and other means’. But some could wonder whether the cultivation of frugal consumption habits in schools is compatible with basic liberal principles. This article argues that, in societies like ours, liberal egalitarian theories of justice should permit and even advocate teaching frugality in educational institutions. Liberal egalitarianism expects educational institutions to (...)
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  2.  37
    Autonomy-Based Reasons for Limitarianism.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (5):1181-1204.
    This paper aims to provide autonomy-based reasons in favour of limitarianism. Limitarianism affirms it is of primary moral importance that no one gets too much. The paper challenges the standard assumption that having more material resources always increases autonomy. It expounds five mechanisms through which having too much material wealth might undermine autonomy. If these hypotheses are true, a theory of justice guided by a concern for autonomy will support a limitarian distribution of wealth. Finally, the paper discusses two issues (...)
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  3.  22
    Should Future Generations Be Content with Plastic Trees and Singing Electronic Birds?Danielle Zwarthoed - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (2):219-236.
    The aim of this paper is to determine whether the present generation should preserve non-human living things for future generations, even if in the future all the contributions these organisms currently make to human survival in decent conditions were performed by adequate technology and future people's preferences were satisfied by this state of affairs. The paper argues it would be wrong to leave a world without non-human living plants, animals and other organisms to future generations, because such a world would (...)
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  4.  28
    Cheap Preferences and Intergenerational Justice.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2015 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 16 (1):69-101.
    This paper focuses on a specific challenge for welfarist theories of intergenerational justice. Subjective welfarism permits and even requires that a generation, G1, inculcates cheap preferences in the next generation, G2. This would allow G1 to deplete resources instead of saving them, which seems to contradict the ideal of sustainability. The aim of the paper is to show that, even if subjective welfarism requires the cultivation of cheap preferences among future generations, it can accommodate two major objections to cheap preferences (...)
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  5.  22
    Political Representation of Future Generations.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2018 - In Marcus Düwell, Gerhard Bos & Naomi van Steenbergen (eds.), Towards the Ethics of a Green Future. The Theory and Practice of Human Rights for Future People. New York: Routledge. pp. 79-109.
    This chapter aims to present a theoretical survey of political representation of future generations. The chapter focuses on two main normative justifications of representation of future generations. The first appeals to intergenerational justice and the second to democratic legitimacy. Then, the chapter addresses possible objections to the representation of future generations. These objections are: first, we should prevent the inflation of representation; second, representation of future people is not really political representation; third, representation of future people is unnecessary. The next (...)
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  6.  57
    On the Limited Appeal of Human Engineering as a Response to Climate Change.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2014 - Bioethica Forum 7 (3):87-89.
    If bioethics should care about the environment, this could be, among other ways, by reflecting on certain radical solutions, such as biomedical human engineering. In a recent article, Liao, Sandberg and Roache consider reducing human size through biomedical treatments in order to mitigate climate change. In this viewpoint, we point out that the various methods used to reduce human height, be they sophisticated tech­ nologies or mere undernutrition, seem all subject to highly undesirable consequences. This is to show that one (...)
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  7.  20
    H. Brighouse & A. Swift Family Values. The Ethics of Parent–Child Relationships. [REVIEW]Danielle Zwarthoed - 2017 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 14 (5):597-600.
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  8.  10
    Introduction: Education and Migration.Julian Culp & Danielle Zwarthoed - 2018 - Journal of Global Ethics 14 (1):5-10.
    This introduction expounds educational problems that arise from transnational migration. It argues that it is high time to critically analyze normative issues of and in education under conditions of globalization because dominant approaches in normative philosophy of education tend to suffer from both a nationalist bias and a sedentary bias. The contributions to this special issue address normative problems pertaining to migration-related education from a variety of ethical and philosophical perspectives, including analytic applied ethics, continental philosophy, care ethics, Hegelian philosophy, (...)
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  9.  24
    Parental Education and Expensive Consumption Habits.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy (2).
    The aim of this article is to investigate the general and special obligations of parents with respect to the shaping of consumption habits, from a liberal egalitarian perspective. The article argues that, in virtue of them being well placed to shape the next generation's consumption habits, parents have a duty of justice to prevent their children from developing expensive consumption habits in order to enable them to leave their fair share to others. In virtue of the special relationship they have (...)
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  10.  11
    The Principle of Sufficient Autonomy and Mandatory Autonomy Education.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2017 - Law, Ethics and Philosophy 5:175-188.
    This essay discusses two contributions of the principle of sufficient autonomy to educational justice. In Just Enough, Liam Shields criticizes instrumental accounts of autonomy. According to these accounts, autonomy is valuable insofar as it contributes to well-being. Shields argues that instrumental arguments fail to support mandatory autonomy education in all cases, while his non-instrumental principle of sufficient autonomy does support this. This essay develops a version of the instrumental argument and argues this version can do the work of supporting mandatory (...)
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  11.  6
    Parental Education and Expensive Consumption Habits.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (4):825-843.
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  12.  11
    La rationalité des préférences : à propos de l’interprétation de l’incomplétude dans les travaux d’Amartya Sen.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2012 - Noesis 20:229-253.
    Si l’apport d’Amartya Sen à la critique de la rationalité économique est reconnu, la relation entre sa contribution formelle et le raisonnement informel qu’elle sous-tend est parfois mal comprise. Dans cet article, nous proposons une analyse de la propre interprétation que donne Sen de ses travaux formels sur l’incomplétude des préférences. Cette réflexion sur les propriétés mathématiques de la relation de préférence en théorie du choix social met en évidence la volonté de Sen d’enrichir la représentation formelle des activités humaines (...)
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  13.  10
    Why Sustainability Principles Should Integrate Global Justice Concerns.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (3):251-254.
    Curren and Metzger develop a normative account of sustainability without prejudging the relationships between sustainability and global justice. This commentary propounds an alternative methodology whereby sustainability principles are determined in conjunction with principles of global justice. I suggest this methodology is better equipped to address two issues Living well raises. First, the authors’ sufficiency view involves an inescapable tension between permitting a generation to consume more than the threshold of opportunities to live well and securing an equivalent threshold for other (...)
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  14.  7
    Alumni Involvement and Long-Termist University Governance.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2016 - In Iñigo González-Ricoy & Axel Gosseries (eds.), Institutions for Future Generations. Oxford University Press. pp. 366-384.
    The proposal consists in involving former students, or alumni, in university governance. The governing body of the university determines its strategy and its missions and is responsible for financial decisions, audit, estate, and human resources. I suggest that, in order to take long-termist decisions, the governing body should include a significant proportion of current and former students (say, 50 per cent), in addition to professional administrators, faculty members, researchers, and support staff representatives. To be considered an alumnus, one should have (...)
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  15. Generations and Global Justice.Axel Gosseries & Danielle Zwarthoed - 2016 - In David Held & Pietro Maffettone (eds.), Global Political Theory. Polity. pp. Chapter 14.
  16. Comprendre la pauvreté. John Rawls, Amartya Sen.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2009 - Presses Universitaires de France.
    Reconstruction théorique magistrale de nos intuitions communes à propos de la justice sociale, la Théorie de la Justice de John Rawls se devait de prendre en compte les plus défavorisés : c’est chose faite avec le principe de différence qui répartit les biens à l’avantage de ces derniers. Mais qui sont-ils exactement ? Comment les définir objectivement ? Pour Rawls, l’objectivité morale est garantie par l’expérience de pensée de la position originelle, caractérisée par le voile d’ignorance qui masque les intérêts (...)
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  17. La justice intergénérationnelle.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2017 - In Gilles Campagnolo & Jean-Sébastien Gharbi (eds.), Philosophie économique. Editions Matériologiques. pp. 215-257.
    Résumé: Ce chapitre porte sur les théories de la justice distributive entre générations. La première partie discute trois défis à la possibilité même de parler d’obligations de justice intergénérationnelle : le problème de la non-existence, le problème de la non-identité, la conclusion répugnante. La deuxième partie discute la justification et la définition des obligations de justice à l’égard des générations futures, à partir de trois théories : le suffisantisme, le welfarisme, le principe de juste épargne de Rawls. Cette discussion conclut (...)
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