Results for 'Daphne Koller'

282 found
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  1. Asymptotic Conditional Probabilities: The Non-Unary Case.Adam J. Grove, Joseph Y. Halpern & Daphne Koller - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (1):250-276.
    Motivated by problems that arise in computing degrees of belief, we consider the problem of computing asymptotic conditional probabilities for first-order sentences. Given first-order sentences φ and θ, we consider the structures with domain {1,..., N} that satisfy θ, and compute the fraction of them in which φ is true. We then consider what happens to this fraction as N gets large. This extends the work on 0-1 laws that considers the limiting probability of first-order sentences, by considering asymptotic conditional (...)
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  2. Asian Philosophies.John M. Koller - 2005 - Philosophy East and West 55 (4):624.
     
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  3.  8
    The Concept of Law and Its Conceptions.Peter Koller - 2006 - Ratio Juris 19 (2):180-196.
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  4. On Buddhist Views of Devouring Time.John M. Koller - 1974 - Philosophy East and West 24 (2):201-208.
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  5.  12
    Bildung and Radical Plurality: Towards a Redefinition of Bildung with Reference to J.-F. Lyotard.Hans-Christoph Koller - 2003 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 35 (2):155–165.
  6.  27
    The Constraint Language for Lambda Structures.Markus Egg, Alexander Koller & Joachim Niehren - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (4):457-485.
    This paper presents the Constraint Language for Lambda Structures(CLLS), a first-order language for semantic underspecification thatconservatively extends dominance constraints. It is interpreted overlambda structures, tree-like structures that encode -terms. Based onCLLS, we present an underspecified, uniform analysis of scope,ellipsis, anaphora, and their interactions. CLLS solves a variablecapturing problem that is omnipresent in scope underspecification andcan be processed efficiently.
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  7. Law, Morality, and Virtue.Peter Koller - 2007 - In Rebecca L. Walker & P. J. Ivanhoe (eds.), Working Virtue: Virtue Ethics and Contemporary Moral Problems. Oxford University Press.
     
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  8. Theorie des Rechts Eine Einführung.Peter Koller - 1997 - Böhlau Verlag.
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  9.  12
    Exploiting Listener Gaze to Improve Situated Communication in Dynamic Virtual Environments.Konstantina Garoufi, Maria Staudte, Alexander Koller & Matthew W. Crocker - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (7):1671-1703.
    Beyond the observation that both speakers and listeners rapidly inspect the visual targets of referring expressions, it has been argued that such gaze may constitute part of the communicative signal. In this study, we investigate whether a speaker may, in principle, exploit listener gaze to improve communicative success. In the context of a virtual environment where listeners follow computer-generated instructions, we provide two kinds of support for this claim. First, we show that listener gaze provides a reliable real-time index of (...)
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  10.  10
    Philosophical Aspects of Maoist Thought.John M. Koller - 1974 - Studies in Soviet Thought 14 (1-2):47-59.
    Mao has responded to the challenge of adapting Marxism to traditional Chinese thought through his two 'creative developments' of Marxism: the ideological definition of class and the concept of permanent revolution, based on intra-personal class-struggle.
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  11. A Sourcebook in Asian Philosophy.John M. Koller - 1991
     
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  12.  19
    On the Nature of Norms.Peter Koller - 2014 - Ratio Juris 27 (2):155-175.
    This paper deals with the question of how norms are to be conceived of in order to understand their role as guidelines for human action within various normative orders, particularly in the context of law on the one hand and conventional morality on the other. After some brief remarks on the history of the term “norm,” the author outlines the most significant general features of actually existing social norms, including legal and conventional norms, from which he arrives at two basic (...)
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  13.  44
    Put My Galakmid Coin Into the Dispenser and Kick It: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game. [REVIEW]Alexander Koller, Ralph Debusmann, Malte Gabsdil & Kristina Striegnitz - 2004 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):187-206.
    We combine state-of-the-art techniques from computational linguisticsand theorem proving to build an engine for playing text adventures,computer games with which the player interacts purely through naturallanguage. The system employs a parser for dependency grammar and ageneration system based on TAG, and has components for resolving andgenerating referring expressions. Most of these modules make heavy useof inferences offered by a modern theorem prover for descriptionlogic. Our game engine solves some problems inherent in classical textadventures, and is an interesting test case for (...)
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  14.  9
    Rationalität und Moral.Peter Koller - 1983 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 20:265-305.
    Ausgehend von einer minimalen, mit unterschiedlichen moralisehen Vorstellungen verträglichen Bestimmung des Begriffs der Moral, die im wesentlichen an eine Explikation von Stephan Körner anknüpft, wird die Möglichkeit einer rationalen, intersubjektiv konsensfähigen Begründung moralischer Standards erörtert. Dabei werden zwei verschiedenartige Konzeptionen einer solchen Begründung unterschieden, nämlich die individualistische und die universalistische Konzeption, denen jeweils verschiedene Konzepte praktischer Rationalität zugrundeliegen: das Konzept individueller und das Konzept universeller praktischer Rationalität. Während die individualistische Konzeption (z.B. vertreten von Hobbes, Hume, Mackie) eine Begründung der Moral (...)
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  15.  11
    ""Do" Image Enhancement" Functions Really Enhance X-Ray Image Interpretation?Stefan Michel, Saskia M. Koller, Markus Ruh & Adrian Schwaninger - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
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  16.  19
    Dharma: An Expression of Universal Order.John M. Koller - 1972 - Philosophy East and West 22 (2):131-144.
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  17.  9
    José L. Zalabardo : Wittgenstein’s Early Philosophy.Jürgen Koller - 2014 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 67 (4):387-395.
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  18. Ideologiekritik Und Demokratietheorie Bei Hans Kelsen.Werner Krawietz, Ernst Topitsch & Peter Koller - 1982
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  19.  22
    Studies in Vedanta.John M. Koller - 2007 - Teaching Philosophy 30 (3):332-335.
  20.  8
    Privacy of Patients in the Forensic Department of a Psychiatric Clinic: A Phenomenological Study.K. Koller & V. Hantikainen - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (4):347-360.
    This study, based on the phenomenological approach, was aimed at exploring the meaning of privacy for forensic psychiatric patients. The narratives of two such patients, diagnosed with schizophrenia and hospitalized on a forensic unit because of a killing offence, were analysed by means of qualitative content analysis. The study was conducted in a Swiss psychiatric clinic with forensic units. The results demonstrated that ‘privacy’ is not a question of luxury but a very basic human right. The ethical implications for nurses (...)
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  21.  21
    Equal Treatment and Equalization as Competing Models of Justice. A Systematic Analysis.Peter Koller - 1988 - Philosophy and History 21 (1):10-13.
  22.  8
    Investigating Training and Transfer Effects Resulting From Recurrent CBT of X-Ray Image Interpretation.Saskia M. Koller, Diana Hardmeier, Stefan Michel & Adrian Schwaninger - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  23.  29
    Rawls' Differenzprinzip Und Seine Deutungen.Peter Koller - 1983 - Erkenntnis 20 (1):1 - 25.
    Rawls's difference principle, according to which social and economic inequalities are justified only if they achieve the greatest benefit of the least advantaged, has been often interpreted as a maximin-principle, in order to make it fit into the frame of welfare economics. Under this interpretation, however, the difference principle is subject to such grave objections, that it can hardly serve as a principle of justice. In order to avoid these difficulties, modifications of the difference principle have been proposed by Sen (...)
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  24.  7
    Moral Conduct Under Conditions of Moral Imperfection.Peter Koller - 1994 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 2:93-112.
    Shakespeare’s Hamlet best illustrates the problem with which a thoughtful and morally motivated person is confronted if crime, dishonesty and betrayal flourish in his or her social surroundings. The Danish prince finds himself in a genuine moral dilemma upon learning that his father, the former king, died not of natural causes but was insidiously murdered by his own brother, Hamlet’s uncle, Claudius, who now reigns over Denmark and shares the bed of the victim’s widow, Hamlet’s mother. Hamlet vacillates for some (...)
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  25.  20
    Jürgen Habermas über Moral, Staat und Politik. Anmerkungen zu "Die Einbeziehung des Anderen. Studien zur politischen Theorie".Peter Koller - 1998 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 52 (2):257 - 267.
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  26.  2
    Von der Vergeblichkeit des Bemühens, Die Ethik Auf Eine Vorstellung Intrinsischer Werte Zu Gründen.Peter Koller - 1986 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 28:275-300.
    Einer der interessantesten der vielfältigen Versuche, die Ethik auf ein festes Fundament zu stellen, ist die Konzeption intrinsischer Werte, die Vorstellung, daß eine objektive Begründung der Ethik vermöge einer intuitiven Erkenntnis des inneren Werts der Dinge möglich sei. Doch diese Vorstellung, die in neuerer Zeit vor allem von Franz Brentano und G.E. Moore vertreten wurde und die heute in Roderick Chisholm ihren prominentesten Anhänger hat, ist nicht zielführend. Dies zu demonstrieren, ist das Ziel des vorliegenden Aufsatzes. Zu diesem Zweck wird (...)
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  27.  11
    Puruṣārthas as Human Aims.John M. Koller - 1968 - Philosophy East and West 18 (4):315-319.
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  28.  27
    Skepticism in Early Indian Thought.John M. Koller - 1977 - Philosophy East and West 27 (2):155-164.
    The purpose of the article is to examine the development of skepticism in indian philosophical thought. A number of important vedic passages are analyzed in order to show that although the authors were concerned with questions about the origins and guarantees of knowledge claims, There was no developed philosophical skepticism in the vedic age. The skepticism of purandara is examined to illustrate the carvaka position. Jayarasi bhatta's thorough-Going skepticism is examined to show that complete skepticism is self-Contradictory--It involves claiming to (...)
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  29.  4
    Oriental Philosophies.John M. Koller - 1970 - New York: Scribner.
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  30.  10
    Eine Neue, Dialogische Theorie Der Sozialen Gerechtigkeit.Peter Koller - 1982 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 18:146-169.
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  31.  23
    Philosophical Aspects of Maoist Thought.John M. Koller - 1974 - Studies in East European Thought 14 (1-2):47-59.
    Mao has responded to the challenge of adapting Marxism to traditional Chinese thought through his two creative developments of Marxism: the ideological definition of class and the concept of permanent revolution, based on intra-personal class-struggle.
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  32.  25
    A Logic of Semantic Representations for Shallow Parsing.Alexander Koller & Alex Lascarides - unknown
    One way to construct semantic representations in a robust manner is to enhance shallow language processors with semantic components. Here, we provide a model theory for a semantic formalism that is designed for this, namely Robust Minimal Recursion Semantics (RMRS). We show that RMRS supports a notion of entailment that allows it to form the basis for comparing the semantic output of different parses of varying depth.
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  33.  22
    Syādvāda as the Epistemological Key to the Jaina Middle Way Metaphysics of Anekāntavāda.John M. Koller - 2000 - Philosophy East and West 50 (3):400-407.
    An analysis of the Jain metaphysics of non-absolutism (anekāntavāda) shows how the epistemological theory of points of view (nayavāda) and the sevenfold schema of predication (saptabhaṅgī) provide a foundation for the central Jain principle of nonviolence (ahiṃsā).
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  34.  12
    Von der Vergeblichkeit des Bemühens, Die Ethik Auf Eine Vorstellung Intrinsischer Werte Zu Gründen.Peter Koller - 1986 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 28:275-300.
    Einer der interessantesten der vielfältigen Versuche, die Ethik auf ein festes Fundament zu stellen, ist die Konzeption intrinsischer Werte, die Vorstellung, daß eine objektive Begründung der Ethik vermöge einer intuitiven Erkenntnis des inneren Werts der Dinge möglich sei. Doch diese Vorstellung, die in neuerer Zeit vor allem von Franz Brentano und G.E. Moore vertreten wurde und die heute in Roderick Chisholm ihren prominentesten Anhänger hat, ist nicht zielführend. Dies zu demonstrieren, ist das Ziel des vorliegenden Aufsatzes. Zu diesem Zweck wird (...)
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  35.  2
    Zur Sozialgeschichte der Gerechtigkeit in der Neuzeit.Peter Koller - 2014 - Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 1 (1):11-50.
    Der Beitrag verfolgt das Ziel, die Entwicklung der Idee der Gerechtigkeit in der Neuzeit im Kontext des sozialen Wandels zu erhellen. Zu diesem Zweck wird nach einer einleitenden Erörterung des dieser Idee zugrundeliegenden Gerechtigkeitsbegriffs zuerst das Projekt einer vertragstheoretischen Begründung einer gerechten staatlichen Ordnung in der frühen Neuzeit vor dem Hintergrund des Herausbildung des modernen Staates behandelt. Im Anschluss werden die theoretischen Leitideen und gesellschaftlichen Triebkräfte des Kampfes um bürgerliche Freiheit und demokratische Teilhabe beleuchtet, wovon ausgehend dann die Entstehung der (...)
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  36.  21
    Sentence Generation as a Planning Problem.Alexander Koller & Matthew Stone - unknown
    We translate sentence generation from TAG grammars with semantic and pragmatic information into a planning problem by encoding the contribution of each word declaratively and explicitly. This allows us to exploit the performance of off-the-shelf planners. It also opens up new perspectives on referring expression generation and the relationship between language and action.
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  37.  5
    Work and Social Justice.Peter Koller - 2009 - Analyse & Kritik 31 (1):5-24.
    In advanced societies, the sphere of work is subject to far-reaching changes which erode the system of gainful employment achieved in the second half of the last century, called ‘typical work’, i.e. full-time employment for an indefinite period with collectively negotiated wages and working conditions. This development has lead to a proliferation of various kinds of ‘atypical work’, most of which amount to poorly rewarded and insecure jobs with bad labour standards, and it has also weakened the traditional systems of (...)
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  38.  18
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]John Grimes, Robin Rinehart, Hillary Rodrigues, John M. Koller, Elaine Craddock, Ludo Rocher, Will Sweetman, Boyd H. Wilson, Edward C. Dimock, Thomas Forsthoefel, Hal W. French, Timothy C. Cahill, William J. Jackson, John Powers, Frederick M. Smith, Gavin Flood, Lelah Dushkin, Sheila McDonough, Frank J. Hoffman, Karni Pal Bhati, Anne E. Monius, Fred Dallmayr, Marcia Hermansen, Joseph A. Bracken, Carl Olson, William P. Harman, Donatella Rossi, Anna B. Bigelow & Jeffrey J. Kripal - 1998 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 2 (2):267-310.
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  39.  7
    Questões de Ética Na Pesquisa Com Crianças E Adolescentes Vítimas de Violência Doméstica; Ethical Issues in Research with Children and Adolescents Victms of Domestic Violence.Carolina Saraiva de Macedo Lisboa & Sílvia Helena Koller - 2000 - Aletheia 11:59-70.
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  40.  4
    Die Grundsätze der Gerechtigkeit.Peter Koller - 2013 - In Otfried Höffe (ed.), John Rawls: Eine Theorie der Gerechtigkeit. De Gruyter. pp. 41-64.
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  41.  4
    3. Grundlegende Ideen des Politischen Liberalismus.Peter Koller - 2015 - In Otfried Höffe (ed.), John Rawls: Politischer Liberalismus. De Gruyter. pp. 47-62.
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  42.  12
    Inner Revolution: Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Real Happiness (Review).John M. Koller - 2001 - Philosophy East and West 51 (1):138-141.
  43.  11
    Ethics in Early Buddhism (Review).John M. Koller - 2000 - Philosophy East and West 50 (4):628-630.
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  44.  6
    Ernst Tugendhat über Menschenrechte-Kontroverse Bemerkungen.Peter Koller - 1993 - Analyse & Kritik 15 (2):115-119.
    In this critical comment on Ernst Tugendhat's paper I dispute his view in two respects: the first refers to the concept, the second to the justification of human rights. As far as the concept of human rights is concerned, I argue that Tugendhat fails to notice that there are different kinds of human rights which are to be distinguished carefully. This conceptual failure prevents him from seeing that different human rights are justified by different reasons. While universal human rights can (...)
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  45.  11
    On the Interrelations Between Domestic and Global (in)Justice.Peter Koller - 2010 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 13 (1):137-158.
  46.  4
    Facetten der Macht.Peter Koller - 1991 - Analyse & Kritik 13 (2):107-133.
    Social power has many facets. This paper aims to illuminate some of these. First of all, it considers the general conceptual framework in which the concept of power is embedded. The author then elaborates on an analysis of the elementary concept of social power resulting in a proposal how to define power. Furthermore, the article deals with complex networks of power relations, namely constellations and structures of power. Another section focuses on some special aspects of the dynamics of power structures. (...)
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  47.  5
    Ronald Dworkin: In Memoriam (1931–2013).Peter Koller - 2013 - Ratio Juris 26 (4):560-564.
  48.  5
    Symposium: What Takes Place in Voluntary Action?J. S. Mann, Pasco Daphne & Bernard Bosanquet - 1889 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 1 (2):61 - 76.
  49.  5
    Recherches récentes au sujet de la logique.Martin Heidegger, Mira Köller & Dominique Séglard - 1997 - Rue Descartes 18:129-149.
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  50.  3
    Studies in Vedanta: Essays in Honour of Professor S. S. Rama Rao Pappu, Ed. P. George Victor and V. V. S. Saibaba.John M. Koller - 2007 - Teaching Philosophy 30 (3):332-335.
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