Results for 'Darby Vickers'

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Darby Vickers
University of California, Irvine
  1.  19
    Statistically Responsible Artificial Intelligences.Smith Nicholas & Darby Vickers - 2021 - Ethics and Information Technology 23 (3):483-493.
    As artificial intelligence becomes ubiquitous, it will be increasingly involved in novel, morally significant situations. Thus, understanding what it means for a machine to be morally responsible is important for machine ethics. Any method for ascribing moral responsibility to AI must be intelligible and intuitive to the humans who interact with it. We argue that the appropriate approach is to determine how AIs might fare on a standard account of human moral responsibility: a Strawsonian account. We make no claim that (...)
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  2. Philosophies for an Age of Globalization-Interview with Tom Darby.F. Novosad & T. Darby - 1999 - Filozofia 54 (3):186-195.
     
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  3.  34
    Rights, Race, and Recognition.Derrick Darby - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is the source of rights? Rights have been grounded in divine agency, human nature, and morally justified claims, and have been used to assess the moral status of legal and customary social practices. The orthodoxy is that some of our rights are a species of unrecognized or natural rights. For example, black slaves in antebellum America were said to have such rights, and this was taken to provide a basis for establishing the immorality of slavery. Derrick Darby exposes (...)
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  4. Modelling Deep Indeterminacy.George Darby & Martin Pickup - 2021 - Synthese 198:1685–1710.
    This paper constructs a model of metaphysical indeterminacy that can accommodate a kind of ‘deep’ worldly indeterminacy that arguably arises in quantum mechanics via the Kochen-Specker theorem, and that is incompatible with prominent theories of metaphysical indeterminacy such as that in Barnes and Williams (2011). We construct a variant of Barnes and Williams's theory that avoids this problem. Our version builds on situation semantics and uses incomplete, local situations rather than possible worlds to build a model. We evaluate the resulting (...)
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  5.  20
    Understanding Inconsistent Science.Peter Vickers - 2013 - Oxford University Press.
    Peter Vickers examines 'inconsistent theories' in the history of science--theories which, though contradictory, are held to be extremely useful. He argues that these 'theories' are actually significantly different entities, and warns that the traditional goal of philosophy to make substantial, general claims about how science works is misguided.
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  6.  15
    Sublocales in Formal Topology.Steven Vickers - 2007 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 72 (2):463 - 482.
    The paper studies how the localic notion of sublocale transfers to formal topology. For any formal topology (not necessarily with positivity predicate) we define a sublocale to be a cover relation that includes that of the formal topology. The family of sublocales has set-indexed joins. For each set of base elements there are corresponding open and closed sublocales, boolean complements of each other. They generate a boolean algebra amongst the sublocales. In the case of an inductively generated formal topology, the (...)
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  7.  33
    Darby, Derrick . Rights, Race, and Recognition . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009 . Pp. 194. $90.00 (Cloth); $32.99 (Paper).John A. Berteaux - 2010 - Ethics 120 (3):592-595.
  8. The Feast: Meditations on Politics and Time.Tom Darby - 1982.
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  9.  86
    Conceptual Fragmentation and the Rise of Eliminativism.Henry Taylor & Peter Vickers - 2017 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 7 (1):17-40.
    Pluralist and eliminativist positions have proliferated within both science and philosophy of science in recent decades. This paper asks the question why this shift of thinking has occurred, and where it is leading us. We provide an explanation which, if correct, entails that we should expect pluralism and eliminativism to transform other debates currently unaffected, and for good reasons. We then consider the question under what circumstances eliminativism will be appropriate, arguing that it depends not only on the term in (...)
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  10.  34
    Peter Vickers: Understanding Inconsistent Science. [REVIEW]Mathias Frisch - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):913-918.
  11.  26
    Brian Vickers, Editor. "Rhetoric Revalued: Papers From the International Society for the History of Rhetoric". [REVIEW]Gary Shapiro - 1987 - New Vico Studies 5:195.
  12. VICKERS, J. M. "Belief and Probability". [REVIEW]B. Carr - 1980 - Mind 89:452.
  13. Miraculous Success? Inconsistency and Untruth in Kirchhoff’s Diffraction Theory.Juha Saatsi & Peter Vickers - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (1):29-46.
    Kirchhoff’s diffraction theory is introduced as a new case study in the realism debate. The theory is extremely successful despite being both inconsistent and not even approximately true. Some habitual realist proclamations simply cannot be maintained in the face of Kirchhoff’s theory, as the realist is forced to acknowledge that theoretical success can in some circumstances be explained in terms other than truth. The idiosyncrasy (or otherwise) of Kirchhoff’s case is considered.
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  14.  33
    Circumcision, Autonomy and Public Health.Brian D. Earp & Robert Darby - 2019 - Public Health Ethics 12 (1):64-81.
    Male circumcision—partial or total removal of the penile prepuce—has been proposed as a public health measure in Sub-Saharan Africa, based on the results of three randomized control trials showing a relative risk reduction of approximately 60 per cent for voluntary, adult male circumcision against female-to-male human immunodeficiency virus transmission in that context. More recently, long-time advocates of infant male circumcision have argued that these findings justify involuntary circumcision of babies and children in dissimilar public health environments, such as the USA, (...)
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  15.  25
    Francis Bacon, Feminist Historiography, and the Dominion of Nature.Brian Vickers - 2008 - Journal of the History of Ideas 69 (1):117-141.
  16.  17
    Chemical Trust: Oxytocin Oxymoron?Darby Penney & Glenn McGee - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (3):1 – 2.
  17.  8
    The Vickers Key to Bacon’s Works: Francis Bacon: The Major Works. Edited by Brian Vickers. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008, 864pp, £12.99, $18.95 PB.Rose-Mary Sargent - 2013 - Metascience 22 (1):149-153.
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  18. Relational Holism and Humean Supervenience.George Darby - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (4):773-788.
    It has been widely noted that Humean supervenience , according to which everything supervenes on intrinsic properties of point-sized things and the spatiotemporal relations between them, is at odds with the nonlocal character of quantum mechanics, according to which not everything supervenes on intrinsic properties of point-sized things and the spatiotemporal relations between them. In particular, a standard view is that the parts of a composite quantum system instantiate further relations which are not accounted for in Lewis's Humean mosaic. But (...)
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  19.  21
    Peter Vickers: Understanding Inconsistent Science. [REVIEW]Bryson Brown - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):413-418.
  20. Darby Lewes.Middle-Class Edens - 1993 - Utopian Studies 4 (1):14.
  21. Reclaiming the Ancient One: Addressing the Conflicts Between American Indians and Archaeologists Over Protection of Cultural Places.Darby C. Stapp & Julia G. Longenecker - 2005 - In Claire Smith & Hans Martin Wobst (eds.), Indigenous Archaeologies: Decolonizing Theory and Practice. Routledge. pp. 171--184.
     
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  22.  25
    Lewis's Principle of Recombination: Reply to Efird and Stoneham.Duncan Watson George Darby - 2010 - Dialectica 64 (3):435-445.
    According to Lewis's modal realism, all ways the world could be are represented by possible worlds, and all possible worlds represent some way the world could be. That there are just the right possible worlds to represent all and only the ways the world could be is to be guaranteed by the principle of recombination. Lewis sketches the principle , but does not spell out a precise version that generates just the right possibilities. David Efird and Tom Stoneham have offered (...)
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  23.  40
    Geoffrey Vickers: Philosopher of Responsibility.Garrath Williams - 2005 - Systems Research and Behavioral Science 22 (4):291-8.
    In this article I discuss Geoffrey Vickers’ ideas from the perspective of moral and political philosophy. His thought is presented through three key terms, which I suggest can encapsulate his philosophy: (i) our human capacity to respond aptly to our situation; (ii) the analysis of modern society in terms of institutions; and (iii) the moral importance of responsibility to the maintenance of human culture and cooperation.
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  24.  53
    In Defense of the Metaphysics of Entanglement.David Glick & George Darby - forthcoming - In David Glick, George Darby & Anna Marmodoro (eds.), The Foundation of Reality: Fundamentality, Space, and Time. Oxford University Press.
    Quantum entanglement has long been thought to be have deep metaphysical consequences. For example, it has been claimed to show that Humean supervenience is false or to involve a novel form of ontological holism. One way to avoid confronting the metaphysical consequences is to adopt some form of antirealism. In this paper we discuss two prominent strands in recent literature—wavefunction realism and “Super-Humeanism”—that appear quite different, but, as we see it, are instances of a more general strategy. In effect, what (...)
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  25.  17
    Brian Vickers, Editor, "Occult and Scientific Mentalities in the Renaissance". [REVIEW]Richard H. Popkin - 1987 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 25 (4):598.
  26.  9
    M. Vickers: Pots and Pans. A Colloquium on Precious Metals and Ceramics in the Muslim, Chinese and Graeco-Roman Worlds, Oxford 1985. Pp. 223; 120 Plates, 3 Tables. Oxford University Press , 1985. Paper, £15. [REVIEW]John Healy - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (1):179-179.
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  27.  55
    Brian Vickers on Alchemy and the Occult: A Response.William R. Newman - 2009 - Perspectives on Science 17 (4):pp. 482-506.
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  28.  33
    M. Vickers: Pots and Pans. A Colloquium on Precious Metals and Ceramics in the Muslim, Chinese and Graeco-Roman Worlds, Oxford 1985. (Oxford Studies in Islamic Art, 3.) Pp. 223; 120 Plates, 3 Tables. Oxford University Press (for Board of the Faculty of Oriental Studies, University of Oxford), 1985. Paper, £15. [REVIEW]John F. Healy - 1988 - The Classical Review 38 (01):179-.
  29.  14
    Vickers Indentation of Thin GaAs Samples.G. Patriarche †, L. Largeau, J. P. Rivière & E. Le Bourhis - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (30):3281-3298.
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  30. Quantum Mechanics and Metaphysical Indeterminacy.George Darby - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (2):227-245.
    There has been recent interest in formulating theories of non-representational indeterminacy. The aim of this paper is to clarify the relevance of quantum mechanics to this project. Quantum-mechanical examples of vague objects have been offered by various authors, displaying indeterminate identity, in the face of the famous Evans argument that such an idea is incoherent. It has also been suggested that the quantum-mechanical treatment of state-dependent properties exhibits metaphysical indeterminacy. In both cases it is important to consider the details of (...)
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  31.  1
    Brian Vickers, Appropriating Shakespeare: Contemporary Critical Quarrels.James Hamilton - 1995 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 53 (3):331-332.
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  32.  12
    Brian Vickers, Ed. Occult and Scientific Mentalities in the Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Pp. Xiv + 408. ISBN 0-521-25879. £27.50, $39.50. [REVIEW]Peter Dear - 1986 - British Journal for the History of Science 19 (2):201-203.
  33.  11
    Vickers, Kakhidze Pichvnari. Results of Excavations Conducted by the Joint British–Georgian Pichvnari Expedition. Volume I. Pichvnari 1998–2002. Greeks and Colchians on the East Coast of the Black Sea. Part 1: Text. Pp. 280, B/W & Colour Pls. Oxford: The Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford/Batumi: The Batumi Archaeological Museum, 2004. Cased. No ISBN. [REVIEW]Balbina BÄbler - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (2):462-464.
  34. Are There No Things That Are Scientific Theories?Steven French & Peter Vickers - 2011 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 62 (4):771-804.
    The ontological status of theories themselves has recently re-emerged as a live topic in the philosophy of science. We consider whether a recent approach within the philosophy of art can shed some light on this issue. For many years philosophers of aesthetics have debated a paradox in the (meta)ontology of musical works (e.g. Levinson [1980]). Taken individually, there are good reasons to accept each of the following three propositions: (i) musical works are created; (ii) musical works are abstract objects; (iii) (...)
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  35.  90
    The Child's Right to an Open Future: Is the Principle Applicable to Non-Therapeutic Circumcision?Robert J. L. Darby - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (7):463-468.
    The principle of the child's right to an open future was first proposed by the legal philosopher Joel Feinberg and developed further by bioethicist Dena Davis. The principle holds that children possess a unique class of rights called rights in trust—rights that they cannot yet exercise, but which they will be able to exercise when they reach maturity. Parents should not, therefore, take actions that permanently foreclose on or pre-empt the future options of their children, but leave them the greatest (...)
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  36.  5
    Positivity Relations on a Locale.Francesco Ciraulo & Steven Vickers - 2016 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 167 (9):806-819.
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  37.  9
    Topology Via Logic.P. T. Johnstone & Steven Vickers - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1101.
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  38.  28
    Vickers (M.), Kakhidze (A.) Pichvnari. Results of Excavations Conducted by the Joint British–Georgian Pichvnari Expedition. Volume I. Pichvnari 1998–2002. Greeks and Colchians on the East Coast of the Black Sea. Part 1: Text. Pp. 280, B/W & Colour Pls. Oxford: The Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford/Batumi: The Batumi Archaeological Museum, 2004. Cased. No ISBN. [REVIEW]Balbina Bäbler - 2006 - The Classical Review 56 (02):462-.
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  39.  98
    Book Review: Theology In America: Christian Thought From the Age of the Puritans to the Civil WarTheology In America: Christian Thought From the Age of the Puritans to the Civil WarbyBrooks HolifiedE.Yale University Press, New Haven, 2003617 Pp. $35.00 . ISBN 0-300-09574-0. [REVIEW]Jason Vickers - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (1):78-81.
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  40.  56
    Beyond the Sins of the Fathers: Responsibility for Inequality.Derrick Darby & Nyla R. Branscombe - 2014 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 38 (1):121-137.
  41.  96
    A Confrontation of Convergent Realism.Peter Vickers - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (2):189-211.
  42.  2
    Brian Vickers. "In Defence of Rhetoric". [REVIEW]Nancy S. Struever - 1989 - New Vico Studies 7:101.
  43.  4
    Brian Vickers . English Science, Bacon to Newton . Cambridge, London, New York, New Rochelle, Melbourne, Sydney: Cambridge University Press, 1987. Pp. Xii + 244. ISBN 0-521-30408-3, £27·50 ; 0-521-31683-9, £9·95. [REVIEW]Jan Golinski - 1988 - British Journal for the History of Science 21 (3):362-363.
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  44.  40
    Conceptual Fragmentation and the Rise of Eliminativism.J. H. Taylor & Peter Vickers - unknown
    Pluralist and eliminativist positions in philosophy – and other disciplines – have proliferated in recent decades. This paper emphasises the sheer scale of this movement: we start by summarising twenty debates which have been affected, thus illustrating how often debates have been transformed by the introduction of pluralist and/or eliminativist thinking. We then provide an explanation of why this shift of philosophical terrain has occurred, an explanation which in turn predicts that its reach will extend to other debates currently unaffected, (...)
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  45. The Recovery of Rhetoric: Petrarch, Erasmus, Perelman.Brian Vickers - 1990 - History of the Human Sciences 3 (3):415-441.
  46.  68
    Understanding the Selective Realist Defence Against the PMI.Peter Vickers - 2017 - Synthese 194 (9):3221-3232.
    One of the popular realist responses to the pessimistic meta-induction is the ‘selective’ move, where a realist only commits to the ‘working posits’ of a successful theory, and withholds commitment to ‘idle posits’. Antirealists often criticise selective realists for not being able to articulate exactly what is meant by ‘working’ and/or not being able to identify the working posits except in hindsight. This paper aims to establish two results: sometimes a proposition is, in an important sense, ‘doing work’, and yet (...)
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  47.  64
    History and the Contemporary Scientific Realism Debate.Timothy D. Lyons & Peter Vickers - 2021 - In Timothy D. Lyons & Peter Vickers (eds.), Contemporary Scientific Realism: The Challenge from the History of Science. Oxford University Press.
  48.  2
    Peter Vickers: Understanding Inconsistent Science: Oxford University Press, Oxford 2013, 288 Pp, £40.00, ISBN: 978-0-19-969202-6. [REVIEW]Bryson Brown - 2015 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 46 (2):413-418.
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  49.  37
    Peter Darby and Faith Wallis, Eds., Bede and the Future. Farnham, Surrey, UK, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2014. Pp. Xv, 269. $117. ISBN: 978-1-4094-5182-2. [REVIEW]George Hardin Brown - 2015 - Speculum 90 (3):794-795.
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  50.  23
    Steven Vickers. Topology Via Logic. Cambridge Tracts in Theoretical Computer Science, No. 5. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Etc. 1989, Xiii + 200 Pp. [REVIEW]P. T. Johnstone - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1101-1102.
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