Results for 'David A. Pollack'

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  1.  47
    Ethics and value strategies used in prioritizing mental health services in oregon.David A. Pollack, Bentson H. McFarland, Robert A. George & Richard H. Angell - 1993 - HEC Forum 5 (5):322-339.
    The authors describe the ethical considerations underlying the inclusion of mental health services into a prioritized health care system. The Oregon Health Plan is a process for defining and delivering basic health services to an entire state. As the plan was developed, the mental health community needed to decide whether or not to participate in the process and, if so, how. Lengthy discussions among mental health consumers, family members, and providers led to a strategy that emphasized the integration of mental (...)
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  2.  48
    Massively Parallel Parsing: A Strongly Interactive Model of Natural Language Interpretation.David L. Waltz & Jordan B. Pollack - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):51-74.
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  3.  6
    Religions and Extraterrestrial Life: How Will We Deal With It?David A. Weintraub - 2014 - Cham: Imprint: Springer.
    In the twenty-first century, the debate about life on other worlds is quickly changing from the realm of speculation to the domain of hard science. Within a few years, as a consequence of the rapid discovery by astronomers of planets around other stars, astronomers very likely will have discovered clear evidence of life beyond the Earth. Such a discovery of extraterrestrial life will change everything. Knowing the answer as to whether humanity has company in the universe will trigger one of (...)
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  4.  8
    The visual control of object manipulation.David A. Westwood - 2008 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford handbook of human action. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 88--103.
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  5. Syntactic transformations on distributed representations.David J. Chalmers - 1990 - Connection Science 2:53-62.
    There has been much interest in the possibility of connectionist models whose representations can be endowed with compositional structure, and a variety of such models have been proposed. These models typically use distributed representations that arise from the functional composition of constituent parts. Functional composition and decomposition alone, however, yield only an implementation of classical symbolic theories. This paper explores the possibility of moving beyond implementation by exploiting holistic structure-sensitive operations on distributed representations. An experiment is performed using Pollack’s (...)
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  6.  6
    Myth, Metaphysics and Dialectic in Plato's Statesman.David A. White - 2007 - Routledge.
    Plato's dialogue "The Statesman" has often been found structurally puzzling because of its apparent diffuseness and disjointed transitions. This book interprets the dialogue in ways which account for this problematic structure, and which also connect the primary themes of the dialogue with two subsequent dialogues "The Philebus" and "The Laws.".
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  7.  18
    Painting outside the Lines: Patterns of Creativity in Modern Art.Matthew Ziff & David W. Galenson - 2004 - Journal of Aesthetic Education 38 (3):123.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Painting Outside the Lines: Patterns of Creativity in Modern ArtMatthew ZiffPainting Outside the Lines: Patterns of Creativity in Modern Art, by David W. Galenson. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001, 272 pp., $29.95.The relationship between the market value of paintings and the chronological point in an artist's working life when the paintings were produced is the driving mechanism for exploring creativity and innovation in David W. Galenson's (...)
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  8.  32
    Locating Agency.David A. Wallace - 2010 - Journal of Information Ethics 19 (1):172-189.
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  9.  25
    Memory impairment in the aged: Storage versus retrieval deficit.David A. Drachman & Janet Leavitt - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):302.
  10.  23
    The MacKay-Skinner debate: A case for “nothing buttery”.David A. Washburn - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (4):473 – 479.
    Donald M. MacKay believed that freedom of action and human dignity are compatible with a science of behavior. In 1971 he argued this position with B.F. Skinner in a televised debate. After a brief biography of MacKay, several major points from this debate will be reviewed. The discussion serves to emphasize the correspondence rather than competition between levels of analysis, whether the levels are disciplinary (e.g. psychology, neuroscience, physics) or a matter of perspective (inside story, outside story).
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  11.  59
    Brain and Mind.David A. Oakley (ed.) - 1985 - New York: Methuen.
  12. Trinity and creation in the theology of St. Thomas aquinas.David A. Walker - 1993 - The Thomist 57 (3):443-455.
     
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  13. Ritual and Memory in the Ottonian Reich: The Ceremony of Adventus.David A. Warner - 2001 - Speculum 76 (2):255-283.
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  14.  46
    Transformed Religion.David A. Ward - 2001 - Renascence 53 (2):97-117.
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  15.  8
    Transformed Religion.David A. Ward - 2001 - Renascence 53 (2):97-117.
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  16.  12
    Under his microscope: Donald M. MacKay.David A. Washburn & Michael J. Rulon - 1997 - Philosophical Psychology 10 (4):471 – 472.
  17. A behavioral analysis of degree of reinforcement and ease of shifting to new responses in a Weigl-type card-sorting problem.David A. Grant & Esta Berg - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):404.
  18.  56
    Rationales for organ donation: Charity or duty?David A. Peters - 1986 - Journal of Medical Humanities 7 (2):106-121.
    Media appeals encouraging people to sign organ donor cards suggest that donating one's own organs after death or donating the organs of a deceased family member is an act of charity, i.e., something which it would be meritorious for people to do but not wrong to avoid. This paper argues to the contrary that posthumous organ donation is a moral duty, a duty of the type that rests at the base of recently enacted state “Good Samaritan” laws which require a (...)
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  19.  77
    The intelligence of the moral intuitions: A comment on Haidt (2001).David A. Pizarro & Paul Bloom - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (1):193-196.
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  20.  42
    Relationships and Health: The Critical Role of Affective Science.David A. Sbarra & James A. Coan - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (1):40-54.
    High-quality social relationships predict a range of positive health outcomes, but no broadly accepted theory can explain the mechanisms of action in this area. The central argument of this article is that affective science can provide keys for integrating the diverse array of theoretical models concerning relationships and health. From nine prominent theories, we cull four components of relational affect that link social resources to health-related outcomes. This component model holds promise for integrating research from the different theoretical perspectives and (...)
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  21.  56
    Judgments of cause and blame: The effects of intentionality and foreseeability.David A. Lagnado & Shelley Channon - 2008 - Cognition 108 (3):754-770.
  22.  37
    The Evidential Foundations of Probabilistic Reasoning.David A. Schum - 1994 - New York, NY, USA: Wiley-Interscience.
    A detailed treatment regarding the diverse properties and uses of evidence and the judgmental tasks they entail. Examines various processes by which evidence may be developed or discovered. Considers the construction of arguments made in defense of the relevance and credibility of individual items and masses of evidence as well as the task of assessing the inferential force of evidence. Includes over 100 numerical examples to illustrate the workings of diverse probabilistic expressions for the inferential force of evidence and the (...)
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  23. Causal Responsibility and Counterfactuals.David A. Lagnado, Tobias Gerstenberg & Ro'I. Zultan - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (6):1036-1073.
    How do people attribute responsibility in situations where the contributions of multiple agents combine to produce a joint outcome? The prevalence of over-determination in such cases makes this a difficult problem for counterfactual theories of causal responsibility. In this article, we explore a general framework for assigning responsibility in multiple agent contexts. We draw on the structural model account of actual causation (e.g., Halpern & Pearl, 2005) and its extension to responsibility judgments (Chockler & Halpern, 2004). We review the main (...)
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  24. A Spatial Logic Based on Regions and Connection.David Randell, Cui A., Cohn Zhan & G. Anthony - 1992 - KR 92:165--176.
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  25.  17
    New Ways to Explore the Relationship–Emotion–Health Connection.David A. Sbarra & James A. Coan - 2018 - Emotion Review 10 (1):76-78.
    The commentaries by Rimé and Scherer underscore and extend many of the central themes discussed in our target article. This response filters the commentaries through the lens of our review article and highlights the core idea that relationships provide a vital context for the types of emotional responding outlined in the commentaries, including the social sharing of emotion as well as the link between emotional competence and physical health.
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  26. Multistable phenomena: Changing views in perception.David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (7):254-264.
    Traditional explanations of multistable visual phenomena (e.g. ambiguous figures, perceptual rivalry) suggest that the basis for spontaneous reversals in perception lies in antagonistic connectivity within the visual system. In this review, we suggest an alternative, albeit speculative, explanation for visual multistability – that spontaneous alternations reflect responses to active, programmed events initiated by brain areas that integrate sensory and non-sensory information to coordinate a diversity of behaviors. Much evidence suggests that perceptual reversals are themselves more closely related to the expression (...)
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  27.  65
    A theory of reasons for action.David A. J. Richards - 1971 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
  28. Activity changes in early visual cortex reflect monkeys' percepts during binocular rivalry.David A. Leopold & Nikos K. Logothetis - 1996 - Nature 379 (6565):549-553.
  29.  49
    Legal idioms: a framework for evidential reasoning.David A. Lagnado, Norman Fenton & Martin Neil - 2013 - Argument and Computation 4 (1):46 - 63.
    (2013). Legal idioms: a framework for evidential reasoning. Argument & Computation: Vol. 4, Formal Models of Reasoning in Cognitive Psychology, pp. 46-63. doi: 10.1080/19462166.2012.682656.
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  30.  21
    A general model of consensus and accuracy in interpersonal perception.David A. Kenny - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (2):155-163.
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  31.  14
    Kant, Hegel and the Possibility of a Speculative Logic.David A. Duquette - 1990 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 10:1-16.
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  32.  34
    A theory of anaphoric information.David A. H. Elworthy - 1995 - Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (3):297 - 332.
  33.  44
    “Equality Theory” as a Counterbalance to Equity Theory in Human Resource Management.David A. Morand & Kimberly K. Merriman - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 111 (1):133-144.
    This conceptual paper revisits the concept of equality as a base of distributive justice and contends that it is underspecified, both theoretically and in terms of its ethical and pragmatic application to human resource management (HRM) within organizations. Prior organizational literature focuses primarily upon distributive equality of remunerative outcomes within small groups and implicitly employs an equity-based conception of inputs to define equality. In contrast, through exposition of the philosophical roots of equality principles, we reconceptualize inputs as de facto equal (...)
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  34. Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism.David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Olivier Furrer, Min-Hsun Kuo, Yongjuan Li, Florian Wangenheim, Marina Dabic, Irina Naoumova, Katsuhiko Shimizu, María Teresa Garza Carranza, Ping Ping Fu, Vojko V. Potocan, Andre Pekerti, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Erna Szabo, Arif Butt, Ian Palmer, Prem Ramburuth, David M. Brock, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Ilya Grison, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Malika Richards, Philip Hallinger, Francisco B. Castro, Jaime Ruiz-Gutiérrez, Laurie Milton, Mahfooz Ansari, Arunas Starkus, Audra Mockaitis, Tevfik Dalgic, Fidel León-Darder, Hung Vu Thanh, Yong-lin Moon, Mario Molteni, Yongqing Fang, Jose Pla-Barber, Ruth Alas, Isabelle Maignan, Jorge C. Jesuino, Chay-Hoon Lee, Joel D. Nicholson, Ho-Beng Chia, Wade Danis, Ajantha S. Dharmasiri & Mark Weber - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2):283–306.
    Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based behavioral analysis indicates that values at the individual-level make a more significant contribution to (...)
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  35.  30
    Moving Forward with the Concept of Responsible Leadership: Three Caveats to Guide Theory and Research. [REVIEW]David A. Waldman - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (S1):75-83.
    The concept of responsible leadership has garnered increased attention in recent years. Indeed, irresponsibility on the part of organizational leaders appears to represent an area of growing concern to the greater public. Accordingly, it is appropriate that increased scholarly attention be devoted to an understanding of this concept. But with that said, the purpose of this article is to identify three caveats about which researchers and practitioners should be concerned as work in this area proceeds. These caveats pertain to: (1) (...)
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  36.  11
    When Corporate Social Responsibility Meets Organizational Psychology: New Frontiers in Micro-CSR Research, and Fulfilling a Quid Pro Quo through Multilevel Insights.David A. Jones, Chelsea R. Willness & Ante Glavas - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  37.  74
    A critique of the technological interpretation of historical materialism.David A. Duquette - 1992 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (2):157-186.
    This essay examines and criticizes G. A. Cohen's interpretation of Marx's materialistic conception of history as presented in Cohen's book Karl Marx's Theory of History. In particular, the author attacks Cohen's Primacy Thesis, the claim that (for Marx) human technology is the primary explanatory factor for economic and social change and for historical development generally. The focus of the attack is Cohen's way of distinguishing between the material and social characteristics, or the content and form, of a system of production. (...)
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  38.  19
    The engram found? Role of the cerebellum in classical conditioning of nictitating membrane and eyelid responses.David A. Mccormick, David G. Lavond, Gregory A. Clark, Ronald E. Kettner, Christina E. Rising & Richard F. Thompson - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (3):103-105.
  39. Animal awareness, consciousness, and self-image.David A. Oakley - 1985 - In Brain and Mind. Methuen.
     
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  40.  64
    A social actor conception of organizational identity and its implications for the study of organizational reputation.David A. Whetten & Alison Mackey - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (4):393-414.
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  41.  30
    Animal psychology and ethology in Britain and the emergence of professional concern for the concept of ethical cost.David A. H. Wilson - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (2):235-262.
    It has been argued that if an animal is psychologically like us, there may be more scientific reason to experiment upon it, but less moral justification to do so. Some scientists deny the existence of this dilemma, claiming that although there are scientifically valuable similarities between humans and animals that make experimentation worthwhile, humans are at the same time unique and fundamentally different. This latter response is, ironically, typical of pre-Darwinian beliefs in the relationship between human and non-human animals. Another (...)
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  42.  47
    The Relations Among Religion, Motivation, and College Cheating: A Natural Experiment.David A. Rettinger & Augustus E. Jordan - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (2):107-129.
    A natural experiment was conducted studying the relations among student cheating, motivation, religiosity, and attitudes toward cheating. Students enrolled in a dual religious/college curriculum were surveyed regarding their cheating behavior, attitudes toward cheating, religiosity, and learning/grade motivations toward classes. Business and liberal arts college students were represented. Results strongly support the following conclusions. First, grade orientation is associated with increases in self-reported cheating. Second, among these religious students, more religiosity correlates with reduced reports of cheating in all courses. This result (...)
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  43.  46
    The Effects of Person–Organization Ethical Fit on Employee Attraction and Retention: Towards a Testable Explanatory Model.David A. Coldwell, Jon Billsberry, Nathalie van Meurs & Philip J. G. Marsh - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):611-622.
    An exploratory model is presented as a heuristic to indicate how individual perceptions of corporate reputation (before joining) and corporate ethical values (after joining) generate specific individual organizational senses of fit. The paper suggests that an ethical dimension of person-organization fit may go some way in explaining superior acquisition and retention of staff by those who are attracted to specific organizations by levels of corporate social performance consonant with their ethical expectations, or who remain with them by virtue of better (...)
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  44.  20
    The Effects of Person–Organization Ethical Fit on Employee Attraction and Retention: Towards a Testable Explanatory Model.David A. Coldwell, Jon Billsberry, Nathalie van Meurs & Philip J. G. Marsh - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (4):611-622.
    An exploratory model is presented as a heuristic to indicate how individual perceptions of corporate reputation (before joining) and corporate ethical values (after joining) generate specific individual organizational senses of fit. The paper suggests that an ethical dimension of person-organization fit may go some way in explaining superior acquisition and retention of staff by those who are attracted to specific organizations by levels of corporate social performance consonant with their ethical expectations, or who remain with them by virtue of better (...)
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  45.  40
    A Social & Political Critique of Capitalism.David A. Duquette - 1996 - Social Philosophy Today 12:219-231.
  46.  11
    A Social & Political Critique of Capitalism.David A. Duquette - 1996 - Social Philosophy Today 12:219-231.
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  47.  88
    Self-Knowledge and the Self.David A. Jopling - 2000 - Routledge.
    In this clear and reasoned discussion of self- knowledge and the self, the author asks whether it is really possible to know ourselves as we really are. He illuminates issues about the nature of self-identity which are of fundamental importance in moral psychology, epistemology and literary criticism. Jopling focuses on the accounts of Stuart Hampshire, Jean-Paul Sartre and Richard Rorty, and dialogical philosophical psychology and illustrates his argument with examples from literature, drama and psychology.
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  48.  21
    Advances in Employee-Focused Micro-Level Research on Corporate Social Responsibility: Situating New Contributions Within the Current State of the Literature.David A. Jones, Alexander Newman, Ruodan Shao & Fang Lee Cooke - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (2):293-302.
    This editorial outlines the articles included in the special thematic symposium on corporate social responsibility and employees and highlights their contributions to the literature. In doing so, it highlights the novel theoretical and empirical insights provided by the articles, how the articles inform and expand the methods and research designs researchers can use to study phenomena in this area, and identifies promising directions for future research.
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  49. The distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic properties.David A. Denby - 2006 - Mind 115 (457):1-17.
    I propose an analysis of the metaphysically important distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic properties, and, in the process, provide a neglected model for the analysis of recalcitrant distinctions generally. First, I recap some difficulties with Kim's well-known (1982) proposal and its recent descendants. Then I define two independence relations among properties and state a ‘quasi-logical’ analysis of the distinction in terms of them. Unusually, my proposal is holistic, but I argue that it is in a certain kind of equilibrium and (...)
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  50. Societal-Level Versus Individual-Level Predictions of Ethical Behavior: A 48-Society Study of Collectivism and Individualism.David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Olivier Furrer, Min-Hsun Kuo, Yongjuan Li, Florian Wangenheim, Marina Dabic, Irina Naoumova, Katsuhiko Shimizu & María Teresa de la Garza Carranza - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 122 (2):283–306.
    Is the societal-level of analysis sufficient today to understand the values of those in the global workforce? Or are individual-level analyses more appropriate for assessing the influence of values on ethical behaviors across country workforces? Using multi-level analyses for a 48-society sample, we test the utility of both the societal-level and individual-level dimensions of collectivism and individualism values for predicting ethical behaviors of business professionals. Our values-based behavioral analysis indicates that values at the individual-level make a more significant contribution to (...)
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