Results for 'David Brian Martens'

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  1. On the Possibility of Indeterminacy.David Brian Barnett - 2003 - Dissertation, New York University
    Intuitively, a question is indeterminate just in case it is unsettled, not merely epistemically, but metaphysically. We ordinarily ascribe indeterminacy by saying that there is no fact of the matter. We say for instance that there is no fact of the matter how many clouds exist. The distribution of water droplets in the sky would appear to settle that there are some clouds, but not how many. ;On the one hand, it seems obvious that certain questions are indeterminate. On the (...)
     
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  2. Walking in the Light the Confessions of St. Augustine for the Modern Reader.David Brian Winter & Augustine - 1986
     
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  3.  49
    Confidence in Unwarranted Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2006 - Erkenntnis 65 (2):143 - 164.
    Epistemic minimalism affirms that mere true belief is sufficient for propositional knowledge. I construct a taxonomy of some specific forms of minimalism and locate within that taxonomy the distinct positions of various advocates of minimalism, including Alvin Goldman, Jaakko Hintikka, Crispin Sartwell, Wolfgang Lenzen, Franz von Kutschera, and others. I weigh generic minimalism against William Lycan’s objection that minimalism is incompatible with plausible principles about relations between knowledge, belief, and confidence. I argue that Lycan’s objection fails for equivocation but that (...)
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  4.  34
    Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status.Brian Luke & David DeGrazia - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):300.
    David DeGrazia’s stated purposes for Taking Animals Seriously are to apply a coherentist methodology to animal ethics, to do the philosophical work necessary for discussing animal minds, and to fill in some of the gaps in the existing literature on animal ethics.
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  5.  8
    Points of View.David B. Martens - 2000 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 61 (2):488-491.
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  6. Two-Dimensional Semantics and the Nesting Problem.David J. Chalmers & Brian Rabern - 2014 - Analysis 74 (2):210-224.
    Graeme Forbes (2011) raises some problems for two-dimensional semantic theories. The problems concern nested environments: linguistic environments where sentences are nested under both modal and epistemic operators. Closely related problems involving nested environments have been raised by Scott Soames (2005) and Josh Dever (2007). Soames goes so far as to say that nested environments pose the “chief technical problem” for strong two-dimensionalism. We call the problem of handling nested environments within two-dimensional semantics “the nesting problem”. We show that the two-dimensional (...)
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  7.  46
    Replication, Falsification, and the Crisis of Confidence in Social Psychology.Brian D. Earp & David Trafimow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  8.  63
    David Chalmers’s The Conscious Mind. [REVIEW]Brian Loar - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):465 - 472.
    David Chalmers’s book is impressive in many ways. I admire the great skill, incisiveness and breadth of vision with which he conducts his argument. Many of his controversial theses and intuitions I find congenial. Unfortunately I do not believe the book’s central thesis, namely, that facts about consciousness are not physical facts. Much of the book is devoted either to establishing this, or to considering how things stand in the light of it. Let me quote a passage in which (...)
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  9.  52
    David Chalmers’s The Conscious Mind. [REVIEW]Brian Loar - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (2):465-472.
    David Chalmers’s book is impressive in many ways. I admire the great skill, incisiveness and breadth of vision with which he conducts his argument. Many of his controversial theses and intuitions I find congenial. Unfortunately I do not believe the book’s central thesis, namely, that facts about consciousness are not physical facts. Much of the book is devoted either to establishing this, or to considering how things stand in the light of it. Let me quote a passage in which (...)
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  10. David Lewis.Brian Weatherson - 2009 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  11.  8
    Preregistration Is Hard, And Worthwhile.Brian A. Nosek, Emorie D. Beck, Lorne Campbell, Jessica K. Flake, Tom E. Hardwicke, David T. Mellor, Anna E. van ’T. Veer & Simine Vazire - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (10):815-818.
  12.  64
    William Heytesbury and the Conditions for Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2010 - Theoria 76 (4):355-374.
    Ivan Boh affirms and Robert Pasnau denies that William Heytesbury holds merely true belief to be sufficient for knowledge in the broad sense. I argue that Boh is correct and Pasnau is mistaken, and that there is a long-running orthodox medieval tradition agreeing with Heytesbury about the conditions for knowledge. I offer a hypothesis about the origins, continuance and demise of that medieval tradition, and some remarks about the tradition's significance.
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  13. On the Matter of Robot Minds.Brian P. McLaughlin & David Rose - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Experimental Philosophy.
    The view that phenomenally conscious robots are on the horizon often rests on a certain philosophical view about consciousness, one we call “nomological behaviorism.” The view entails that, as a matter of nomological necessity, if a robot had exactly the same patterns of dispositions to peripheral behavior as a phenomenally conscious being, then the robot would be phenomenally conscious; indeed it would have all and only the states of phenomenal consciousness that the phenomenally conscious being in question has. We experimentally (...)
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  14.  14
    “Yielding Ground to None”: Normative Perspectives on African Philosophy and its Curricula.David B. Martens - 2016 - South African Journal of Philosophy 35 (4):383-400.
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  15. David E. Cooper, Meaning Reviewed By.David B. Martens - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24 (6):396-397.
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  16. David E. Cooper, Meaning. [REVIEW]David Martens - 2004 - Philosophy in Review 24:396-397.
     
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  17. A Puzzle for Particulars?David S. Brown & Richard Brian Davis - 2008 - Axiomathes 18 (1):49-65.
    In this paper we examine a puzzle recently posed by Aaron Preston for the traditional realist assay of property (quality) instances. Consider Socrates (a red round spot) and red1—Socrates’ redness. For the traditional realist, both of these entities are concrete particulars. Further, both involve redness being `tied to’ the same bare individuator. But then it appears that red1 is duplicated in its ‘thicker’ particular (Socrates), so that it can’t be predicated of Socrates without redundancy. According to Preston, this suggests that (...)
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  18.  20
    Expanding the Scope of Research Ethics Consultation Services in Safeguarding Research Integrity: Moving Beyond the Ethics of Human Subjects Research.David B. Resnik, Brian C. Martinson & Zubin Master - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (1):55-57.
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  19. Dogmatism, Probability, and Logical Uncertainty.David Jehle & Brian Weatherson - 2012 - In Greg Restall & Gillian Kay Russell (eds.), New Waves in Philosophical Logic. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 95--111.
    Many epistemologists hold that an agent can come to justifiably believe that p is true by seeing that it appears that p is true, without having any antecedent reason to believe that visual impressions are generally reliable. Certain reliabilists think this, at least if the agent’s vision is generally reliable. And it is a central tenet of dogmatism (as described by Pryor (2000) and Pryor (2004)) that this is possible. Against these positions it has been argued (e.g. by Cohen (2005) (...)
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  20.  8
    Self-Knowledge, Externalism, and Skepticism.Brian P. Mclaughlin & David Owens - 2000 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes( 74:93-142.
    [Brian P. McLaughlin] In recent years, some philosophers have claimed that we can know a priori that certain external world skeptical hypotheses are false on the basis of a priori knowledge that we are in certain kinds of mental states, and a priori knowledge that those mental states are individuated by contingent environmental factors. Appealing to a distinction between weak and strong a priority, I argue that weakly a priori arguments of this sort would beg the question of whether (...)
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  21.  24
    Mellow Monday and Furious Friday: The Approach-Related Link Between Anger and Time Representation.David J. Hauser, Margaret S. Carter & Brian P. Meier - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (6):1166-1180.
    (2009). Mellow Monday and furious Friday: The approach-related link between anger and time representation. Cognition & Emotion: Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 1166-1180.
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  22. Self-Knowledge, Externalism, and Skepticism.Brian Mclaughlin & David Owens - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (74):93-142.
    In recent years, some philosophers have claimed that we can know a priori that certain external world skeptical hypotheses are false on the basis of a priori knowledge that we are in certain kinds of mental states, and a priori knowledge that those mental states are individuated by contingent environmental factors. Appealing to a distinction between weak and strong a priority, I argue that weakly a priori arguments of this sort would beg the question of whether the skeptical hypothesis under (...)
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  23.  44
    Review of Forrest Clingerman, Brian Treanor, Martin Drenthen and David Utsler , Interpreting Nature: The Emerging Field of Environmental Hermeneutics[REVIEW]Brian Onishi - 2015 - Environmental Values 24 (5):695-697.
  24.  36
    Modeling Two‐Channel Speech Processing With the EPIC Cognitive Architecture.David E. Kieras, Gregory H. Wakefield, Eric R. Thompson, Nandini Iyer & Brian D. Simpson - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (1):291-304.
    An important application of cognitive architectures is to provide human performance models that capture psychological mechanisms in a form that can be “programmed” to predict task performance of human–machine system designs. Although many aspects of human performance have been successfully modeled in this approach, accounting for multitalker speech task performance is a novel problem. This article presents a model for performance in a two-talker task that incorporates concepts from psychoacoustics, in particular, masking effects and stream formation.
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  25.  26
    Phenomenology.David Herman, Jean-Francois Lyotard & Brian Beakley - 1993 - Substance 22 (1):112.
  26.  44
    A Late Medieval Dispute About the Conditions for Knowledge.David B. Martens - 2011 - Philosophical Papers 40 (3):421-438.
    Philosophical Papers, Volume 40, Issue 3, Page 421-438, November 2011.
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  27.  42
    Review: Review Essays: Demonstratives, Descriptions, and Knowledge: A Critical Study of Three Recent Books. [REVIEW]David B. Martens - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (4):947 - 963.
  28.  22
    International Handbook of Philosophy of Education.Ann Chinnery, Nuraan Davids, Naomi Hodgson, Kai Horsthemke, Viktor Johansson, Dirk Willem Postma, Claudia W. Ruitenberg, Paul Smeyers, Christiane Thompson, Joris Vlieghe, Hanan Alexander, Joop Berding, Charles Bingham, Michael Bonnett, David Bridges, Malte Brinkmann, Brian A. Brown, Carsten Bünger, Nicholas C. Burbules, Rita Casale, M. Victoria Costa, Brian Coyne, Renato Huarte Cuéllar, Stefaan E. Cuypers, Johan Dahlbeck, Suzanne de Castell, Doret de Ruyter, Samantha Deane, Sarah J. DesRoches, Eduardo Duarte, Denise Egéa, Penny Enslin, Oren Ergas, Lynn Fendler, Sheron Fraser-Burgess, Norm Friesen, Amanda Fulford, Heather Greenhalgh-Spencer, Stefan Herbrechter, Chris Higgins, Pádraig Hogan, Katariina Holma, Liz Jackson, Ronald B. Jacobson, Jennifer Jenson, Kerstin Jergus, Clarence W. Joldersma, Mark E. Jonas, Zdenko Kodelja, Wendy Kohli, Anna Kouppanou, Heikki A. Kovalainen, Lesley Le Grange, David Lewin, Tyson E. Lewis, Gerard Lum, Niclas Månsson, Christopher Martin & Jan Masschelein (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    This handbook presents a comprehensive introduction to the core areas of philosophy of education combined with an up-to-date selection of the central themes. It includes 95 newly commissioned articles that focus on and advance key arguments; each essay incorporates essential background material serving to clarify the history and logic of the relevant topic, examining the status quo of the discipline with respect to the topic, and discussing the possible futures of the field. The book provides a state-of-the-art overview of philosophy (...)
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  29.  33
    Knowledge, True Belief, and Virtuous Fallibilism.David Martens - 2010 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (2):14-24.
  30.  6
    Immersive Virtual Reality Field Trips Facilitate Learning About Climate Change.David M. Markowitz, Rob Laha, Brian P. Perone, Roy D. Pea & Jeremy N. Bailenson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  31. Moore’s Notes on Wittgenstein’s Lectures, Cambridge 1930-1933: Text, Context, and Content.David G. Stern, Gabriel Citron & Brian Rogers - 2013 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review (1):161-179.
    Wittgenstein’s writings and lectures during the first half of the 1930s play a crucial role in any interpretation of the relationship between the Tractatus and the Philosophical Investigations . G. E. Moore’s notes of Wittgenstein’s Cambridge lectures, 1930-1933, offer us a remarkably careful and conscientious record of what Wittgenstein said at the time, and are much more detailed and reliable than previously published notes from those lectures. The co-authors are currently editing these notes of Wittgenstein’s lectures for a book to (...)
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  32.  12
    Words and Deeds.Brian Loar & David Holdcroft - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (2):303.
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  33. Combination, Convention, and Possibility.David B. Martens - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):577-586.
  34.  73
    David Hume as a Social Theorist.Brian Barry - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (4):369-392.
    This article examines Russell Hardin's interpretation of Hume's argument that great social order depends on coordination convention. The main argument shows that despite an apparent move in that direction Hume's main argument is that justice and the other convention-based virtues rest on a cooperative convention which solves a prisoner's dilemma problem and that states are required when a society exceeds some small size because only states can solve the large number prisoner's dilemma problems that constitute the 'problem of social order'. (...)
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  35.  5
    The Challenge for the Comprehensive School, Culture, Curriculum and Community.Brian Simon & David H. Hargreaves - 1983 - British Journal of Educational Studies 31 (1):75.
  36. A Holistic Approach to Language.Brian D. Josephson & David G. Blair - 1982 - International Philsophical Preprint Exchange (IPPE).
    The following progress report views language acquisition as primarily the attempt to create processes that connect together in a fruitful way linguistic input and other activity. The representations made of linguistic input are thus those that are optimally effective in mediating such interconnections. An effective Language Acquisition Device should contain mechanisms specific to the task of creating the desired interconnection processes in the linguistic environment in which the language learner finds himself or herself. Analysis of this requirement gives clear indications (...)
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  37. Close Enough to Reference.David B. Martens - 1993 - Synthese 95 (3):357 - 377.
    This paper proposes a response to the duplication objection to the descriptive theory of singular mental reference. This objection involves hypothetical cases in each of which there are a pair of qualitatively indistinguishable objects and a thought that apparently refers to only one of the pair, despite the descriptive indistinguishability of the two objects. I identify a concept of reference-likeness or closeness to reference, which is related to the concept of genuine singular reference as the concept of truthlikeness or closeness (...)
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  38.  40
    Kierkegaard’s Journals and Notebooks, Vol. 7. Edited by Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, Bruce H. Kirmmse, David D. Possen, Joel D. S. Rasmussen, Vanessa Rumble, and K. Brian Söderquist. [REVIEW]Brian Gregor - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 68 (4):857-859.
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  39.  19
    Kierkegaard’s Journals and Notebooks, Vol. 6: Journals NB11–NB14. Edited by Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, David Kangas, Bruce H. Kirmmse, George Pattison, Joel D.S. Rasmussen, Vanessa Rumble, and K. Brian Söderquist. [REVIEW]Brian Gregor - 2015 - International Philosophical Quarterly 55 (2):254-256.
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  40.  62
    Niels Jørgen Cappelørn, Alastair Hannay, David Kangas, Bruce H. Kirmmse, George Pattison, Vanessa Rumble, and K. Brian Söderquist, Eds. , Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks Volume 3: Notebooks 1-15 . Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Brian Gregor - 2011 - Philosophy in Review 31 (2):107-110.
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  41.  39
    Niels Jørgen Cappelørn , Alastair Hannay, David Kangas, Bruce H. Kirmmse, George Pattison, Joel D. S. Rasmussen, Vanessa Rumble, & K. Brian Söderquist, Eds., Kierkegaard's Journals and Notebooks Vol 5: Journals NB6—NB10 . Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Brian Gregor - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (6):485-488.
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  42.  7
    Paragrammatisms.Brian Butterworth & David Howard - 1987 - Cognition 26 (1):1-37.
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  43.  71
    Characteristics of Juvenile Offenders Admitting to Sexual Activity with Nonhuman Animals.Brian Jory, David Burton & William Fleming - 2002 - Society and Animals 10 (1):31-45.
    This study compared the family characteristics, victimization histories, and number of perpetration offenses of juvenile offenders who admitted to having had sex with animals to juvenile offenders who did not. The study found that 96% of the juveniles who had engaged in sex with nonhuman animals also admitted to sex offenses against humans and reported more offenses against humans than other sex offenders their same age and race. Those juveniles who had engaged in sex with animals were similar to other (...)
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  44.  5
    Naming and Reference: The Link of Word to Object.David B. Martens - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (180):389-391.
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  45.  89
    Imperialism and Internationalism in the Discipline of International Relations.David Long & Brian C. Schmidt (eds.) - 2005 - State University of New York Press.
    This book reconstructs in detail some of the formative episodes of the field's early development and arrives at the conclusion that, in actuality, the early ...
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  46.  42
    Choosing a Doctor: An Exploratory Study of Factors Influencing Patients' Choice of a Primary Care Doctor.Brian H. Bornstein, David Marcus & William Cassidy - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (3):255-262.
  47. Response to David Armstrong.Brian Ellis - 1999 - In Howard Sankey (ed.), Causation and Laws of Nature. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 39--43.
  48.  27
    The Anglo-Norman Lyric: An Anthology.David L. Jeffrey, Brian J. Levy.Brian Merrilees - 1992 - Speculum 67 (2):431-433.
  49. Wittgenstein: Lectures, Cambridge 1930–1933: From the Notes of G. E. Moore.David G. Stern, Brian Rogers & Gabriel Citron (eds.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    This edition of G. E. Moore's notes taken at Wittgenstein's seminal Cambridge lectures in the early 1930s provides, for the first time, an almost verbatim record of those classes. The presentation of the notes is both accessible and faithful to their original manuscripts, and a comprehensive introduction and synoptic table of contents provide the reader with essential contextual information and summaries of the topics in each lecture. The lectures form an excellent introduction to Wittgenstein's middle-period thought, covering a broad range (...)
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  50.  2
    Ecological Research and Conservation Management in the Cape Floristic Region Between 1945 and 2015: History, Current Understanding and Future Challenges. [REVIEW]Brian W. van Wilgen, Jane Carruthers, Richard M. Cowling, Karen J. Esler, Aurelia T. Forsyth, Mirijam Gaertner, M. Timm Hoffman, Frederick J. Kruger, Guy F. Midgley, Guy Palmer, Genevieve Q. K. Pence, Domitilla C. Raimondo, David M. Richardson, Nicola J. van Wilgen & John R. U. Wilson - 2016 - Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 71 (3):207-303.
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