Results for 'David C. Blackburn'

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  1. Finding Our Way through Phenotypes.Andrew R. Deans, Suzanna E. Lewis, Eva Huala, Salvatore S. Anzaldo, Michael Ashburner, James P. Balhoff, David C. Blackburn, Judith A. Blake, J. Gordon Burleigh, Bruno Chanet, Laurel D. Cooper, Mélanie Courtot, Sándor Csösz, Hong Cui, Barry Smith & Others - 2015 - PLoS Biol 13 (1):e1002033.
    Despite a large and multifaceted effort to understand the vast landscape of phenotypic data, their current form inhibits productive data analysis. The lack of a community-wide, consensus-based, human- and machine-interpretable language for describing phenotypes and their genomic and environmental contexts is perhaps the most pressing scientific bottleneck to integration across many key fields in biology, including genomics, systems biology, development, medicine, evolution, ecology, and systematics. Here we survey the current phenomics landscape, including data resources and handling, and the progress that (...)
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  2.  12
    Nursing Home Chain Affiliation and Its Impact on Specialty Service Designation for Alzheimer Disease.Justin Blackburn, Qing Zheng, David C. Grabowski, Richard Hirth, Orna Intrator, David G. Stevenson & Jane Banaszak-Holl - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801878799.
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  3.  82
    The British difference.David Papineau, Simon Blackburn, A. C. Grayling, Ted Honderich & Richard Norman - 2002 - The Philosophers' Magazine 18 (18):37-38.
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  4.  12
    The British difference.David Papineau, Simon Blackburn, A. C. Grayling, Ted Honderich, Richard Norman & David Conway - 2002 - The Philosophers' Magazine 18:37-38.
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  5. The paradox of the preface.David C. Makinson - 1965 - Analysis 25 (6):205-207.
    By means of an example, shows the possibility of beliefs that are separately rational whilst together inconsistent.
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  6.  29
    The computational complexity of hybrid temporal logics.C. Areces, P. Blackburn & M. Marx - 2000 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 8 (5):653-679.
    In their simplest form, hybrid languages are propositional modal languages which can refer to states. They were introduced by Arthur Prior, the inventor of tense logic, and played an important role in his work: because they make reference to specific times possible, they remove the most serious obstacle to developing modal approaches to temporal representation and reasoning. However very little is known about the computational complexity of hybrid temporal logics.In this paper we analyze the complexity of the satisfiability problem of (...)
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  7. ch. 6. Machiavelli and Machiavellianism.David C. Hendrickson - 2016 - In Timothy Fuller (ed.), Machiavelli's legacy: The Prince after five hundred years. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
     
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  8.  7
    Sadness as Beauty.David C. Drake - 2011-12-09 - In Fritz Allhoff, Jesse R. Steinberg & Abrol Fairweather (eds.), Blues–Philosophy for Everyone. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 66–74.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Nature of Beauty Truth, Goodness, and Beauty Beauty and the Blues Notes.
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  9. Ardeshir, M., Ruitenburg, W. and Salehi, S., Intuitionistic.C. Areces, P. Blackburn, M. Marx, S. Cook, A. Kolokolova, T. Coquand, G. Sambin, J. Smith, S. Valentini & P. Dybjer - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 124:301.
  10.  5
    Natural Necessity, Objective Chances and Causal Powers.C. Behan McCullagh - 1998 - The Paideia Archive: Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 10:78-83.
    Are the relations between the property of a thing and its related disposition to react in certain ways, and between the triggering of that disposition and the consequent effect, necessary? Harré and Madden, in their analysis of causal powers, said they are, but their arguments are not persuasive. Humeans like Simon Blackburn deny it. I criticize the Humean position, and argue afresh for their necessity. I note that David Lewis' analysis of causation requires their necessity, though as a (...)
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  11.  12
    Francis Bacon.David C. Innes - 2019 - Phillipsburg, New Jersey: P&R Publishing.
  12.  7
    Civility and its development: the experiences of China and Taiwan.David C. Schak - 2018 - Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
    This is the first book-length study of the development of civility in Chinese societies. Although some social scientists and political philosophers have discussed civility, none has defined it as an analytical tool to systematically measure attitudes and behavior, and few have applied it to a non-Western society. By comparing the development of civility in mainland China and Taiwan, Civility and Its Development: The Experiences of China and Taiwan analyzes the social conditions needed for civility to become established in a society. (...)
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  13.  2
    Political Economy, Moral Reasoning, and Global Warming.David C. Rose - 2024 - In Peter Róna, Laszlo Zsolnai & Agnieszka Wincewicz-Price (eds.), Homo Curator: Towards the Ethics of Consumption. Springer Nature Switzerland. pp. 79-96.
    Many worry that global warming may produce dire consequences not just for humankind, but for many other living organisms on the planetEarth. This has raised concerns about the desirability of the political and economic policies that brought us to this point in history, a period of markedly higher levels of consumptionConsumption that produce higher levels of CO2. That, in turn, has raised new concerns about the ideologies and theoretical paradigms upon which such political and economic policies are based. Many now (...)
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  14. How do self-attributed and implicit motives differ?David C. McClelland, Richard Koestner & Joel Weinberger - 1989 - Psychological Review 96 (4):690-702.
  15.  47
    Problems of multi-species organisms: endosymbionts to holobionts.David C. Queller & Joan E. Strassmann - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (6):855-873.
    The organism is one of the fundamental concepts of biology and has been at the center of many discussions about biological individuality, yet what exactly it is can be confusing. The definition that we find generally useful is that an organism is a unit in which all the subunits have evolved to be highly cooperative, with very little conflict. We focus on how often organisms evolve from two or more formerly independent organisms. Two canonical transitions of this type—replicators clustered in (...)
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  16.  16
    Understanding normal and impaired word reading: Computational principles in quasi-regular domains.David C. Plaut, James L. McClelland, Mark S. Seidenberg & Karalyn Patterson - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (1):56-115.
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  17. On selected issues and challenges in dendroclimatology.Jan Esper, David C. Frank & Jurg Luterbacher - 2007 - In Felix Kienast, Otto Wildi & S. Ghosh (eds.), A changing world: challenges for landscape research. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.
     
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  18.  23
    On the accuracy of personality judgment: A realistic approach.David C. Funder - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (4):652-670.
  19.  79
    The creation myth and its symbolism in classical taoism.David C. Yu - 1981 - Philosophy East and West 31 (4):479-500.
  20.  30
    Event memory: A theory of memory for laboratory, autobiographical, and fictional events.David C. Rubin & Sharda Umanath - 2015 - Psychological Review 122 (1):1-23.
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  21.  22
    The Nature of Selection: Evolutionary Theory in Philosophical Focus. Elliott Sober.David C. Culver - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):645-646.
  22. Conditional Probability in the Light of Qualitative Belief Change.David C. Makinson - 2011 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 40 (2):121 - 153.
    We explore ways in which purely qualitative belief change in the AGM tradition throws light on options in the treatment of conditional probability. First, by helping see why it can be useful to go beyond the ratio rule defining conditional from one-place probability. Second, by clarifying what is at stake in different ways of doing that. Third, by suggesting novel forms of conditional probability corresponding to familiar variants of qualitative belief change, and conversely. Likewise, we explain how recent work on (...)
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  23.  23
    The Archaic Treaties between the Spartans and their Allies.David C. Yates - 2005 - Classical Quarterly 55 (01):65-76.
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  24.  13
    The Role of Cato the Younger in Caesar’s Bellum Civile.David C. Yates - 2011 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 104 (2):161-174.
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  25.  7
    Pindar, Aristotle, and Homer: A Study in Ancient Criticism.David C. Young - 1983 - Classical Antiquity 2 (1):156-170.
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  26.  18
    Pindar and Horace Against the Telchines (Ol. 7.53 & Carm. 4.4. 33).David C. Young - 1987 - American Journal of Philology 108 (1).
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  27.  5
    The Text of Pindar Isthmian 8.70.David C. Young - 1973 - American Journal of Philology 94 (4):319.
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  28.  14
    Guide to Chinese Religion.David C. Yu - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (2):201-203.
  29.  11
    Guide to Chinese Religion.David C. Yu - 1987 - Philosophy East and West 37 (3):333-334.
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  30.  17
    Li: Rites and Propriety in Literature and Life: A Perspective for a Cultural History of Ancient Csina.David C. Yu & Noah Edward Fehl - 1974 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 94 (4):516.
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  31.  39
    Skill-in-means and the buddhism of Tao-Sheng: A study of a chinese reaction to mahāyāna of the fifth century.David C. Yu - 1974 - Philosophy East and West 24 (4):413-427.
  32. “They Did Not Walk the Green Talk!:” How Information Specificity Influences Consumer Evaluations of Disconfirmed Environmental Claims.Davide C. Orazi & Eugene Y. Chan - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 163 (1):107-123.
    While environmental claims are increasingly used by companies to appeal consumers, they also attract greater scrutiny from independent parties interested in consumer protection. Consumers are now able to compare corporate environmental claims against external, often disconfirming, information to form their brand attitudes and purchase intentions. What remains unclear is how the level of information specificity of both the environmental claims and external disconfirming information interact to influence consumer reactions. Two experiments address this gap in the CSR communication literature. When specific (...)
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  33.  15
    Individual and developmental differences in semantic priming: Empirical and computational support for a single-mechanism account of lexical processing.David C. Plaut & James R. Booth - 2000 - Psychological Review 107 (4):786-823.
  34. What is Experimental about Thought Experiments?David C. Gooding - 1992 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1992:280 - 290.
    I argue that thought experiments are a form of experimental reasoning similar to real experiments. They require the same ability to participate by following a narrative as real experiments do. Participation depends in turn on using what we already know to visualize, manipulate and understand what is unfamiliar or problematic. I defend the claim that visualization requires embodiment by an example which shows how tacit understanding of the properties of represented objects and relations enables us to work out how such (...)
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  35.  51
    William James and the Metaphysics of Experience.David C. Lamberth - 1999 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    William James is frequently considered one of America's most important philosophers, as well as a foundational thinker for the study of religion. Despite his reputation as the founder of pragmatism, he is rarely considered a serious philosopher or religious thinker. In this new interpretation David Lamberth argues that James's major contribution was to develop a systematic metaphysics of experience integrally related to his developing pluralistic and social religious ideas. Lamberth systematically interprets James's radically empiricist world-view and argues for an (...)
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  36. Are There “Aesthetic” Judgments?David C. Sackris & Rasmus Rosenberg Larsen - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-19.
    In philosophy of aesthetics, scholars commonly express a commitment to the premise that there is a distinctive type of judgment that can be meaningfully labeled “aesthetic”, and that these judgments are distinctively different from other types of judgments. We argue that, within an Aristotelian framework, there is no clear avenue for meaningfully differentiating “aesthetic” judgment from other types of judgment, and, as such, we aim to question the assumption that aesthetic judgment does in fact constitute a distinctive kind of judgment (...)
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  37.  15
    Social Science in the Cold War.David C. Engerman - 2010 - Isis 101 (2):393-400.
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  38.  16
    Kin Selection and Its Discontents.David C. Queller - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):861-872.
    Kin selection is a core aspect of social evolution theory, but a small number of critics have recently challenged it. Here I address these criticisms and show that kin selection remains an important explanation for much social evolution. I show how many of the criticisms rest on historical idiosyncrasies of the way the field happened to develop, rather than on the real logic and evidence.
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  39.  55
    A gene’s eye view of Darwinian populations: Review of Peter Godfrey-Smith's Darwininan populations and natural selection. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009.David C. Queller - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (6):905-913.
    Biologists and philosophers differ on whether selection should be analyzed at the level of the gene or of the individual. In Peter Godfrey-Smith’s book, Darwinian Populations and Natural Selection, he argues that individuals can be good members of Darwinian populations, whereas genes rarely can. I take issue with parts of this view, and suggest that Godfrey-Smith’s scheme for thinking about Darwinian populations is also applicable to populations of genes.
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  40.  32
    One hundred years of forgetting: A quantitative description of retention.David C. Rubin & Amy E. Wenzel - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (4):734-760.
  41.  15
    Sex differences in behavioral and hormonal response to social threat: Commentary on Taylor et al. (2000).David C. Geary & Mark V. Flinn - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (4):745-750.
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  42.  22
    Respectable Challenges to Respectable Theory: Cognitive Dissonance Theory Requires Conceptualization Clarification and Operational Tools.David C. Vaidis & Alexandre Bran - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    Despite its long tradition in social psychology, we consider that Cognitive Dissonance Theory presents serious flaws concerning its methodology which question the relevance of the theory, limit breakthroughs, and hinder the evaluation of its core hypotheses. In our opinion, these issues are mainly due to operational and methodological weaknesses that have not been sufficiently addressed since the beginnings of the theory. We start by reviewing the ambiguities concerning the definition and conceptualization of the term cognitive dissonance. We then review the (...)
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  43.  22
    Enough Wiggle RoomBalancing Act: The New Medical Ethics of Medicine's New Economics.David C. Hadorn & E. Haavi Morreim - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (6):43.
    Book reviewed in this article: Balancing Act: The New Medical Ethics of Medicine's New Economics. By E. Haavi Morreim.
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  44. Philosophy of medicine as the source for medical ethics.David C. Thomasma & Edmund D. Pellegrino - 1981 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 2 (1):5-11.
    The article offers an approach to inquiry about, the foundation of medical ethics by addressing three areas of conceptual presupposition basic to medical ethical theory. First, medical ethics must presuppose a view about the nature of medicine. it is argued that the view required by a cogent medical morality entails that medicine be seen both as a healing relationship and as a practical art. Three ways in which medicine inherently involves values and valuation are presented as important, i.e., in being (...)
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  45.  98
    Parting with illusions in evolutionary ethics.David C. Lahti - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):639-651.
    I offer a critical analysis of a view that has become a dominant aspect of recent thought on the relationship between evolution and morality, and propose an alternative. An ingredient in Michael Ruse's 'error theory' (Ruse 1995) is that belief in moral (prescriptive, universal, and nonsubjective) guidelines arose in humans because such belief results in the performance of adaptive cooperative behaviors. This statement relies on two particular connections: between ostensible and intentional types of altruism, and between intentional altruism and morality. (...)
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  46.  92
    The Influence of the Internet on Plagiarism Among Doctoral Dissertations: An Empirical Study.David C. Ison - 2015 - Journal of Academic Ethics 13 (2):151-166.
    Plagiarism has been a long standing concern within higher education. Yet with the rapid rise in the use and availability of the Internet, both the research literature and media have raised the notion that the online environment is accelerating the decline in academic ethics. The majority of research that has been conducted to investigate such claims have involved self-report data from students. This study sought to collect empirical data to investigate the potential influence the prevalence of the Internet has had (...)
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  47.  18
    Locating object knowledge in the brain: Comment on Bowers’s (2009) attempt to revive the grandmother cell hypothesis.David C. Plaut & James L. McClelland - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (1):284-288.
  48.  4
    What Exactly is Wrong with Telling Someone You Believe Them When You Don’t? A Reply to Luxemburg-Peck.David C. Spewak Jr - 2023 - Social Epistemology Review and Reply Collective 12 (12):1-8.
  49.  9
    Human Life in the Balance.David C. Thomasma & John B. Cobb - 1990 - Westminster John Knox Press.
  50.  55
    On an inferential semantics for classical logic.David C. Makinson - 2014 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 22 (1):147-154.
    We seek a better understanding of why an inferential semantics devised by Tor Sandqvist yields full classical logic, by providing and analysing a direct proof via a suitable maximality construction.
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