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David J. Depew [36]David Depew [29]David Joseph Depew [1]
  1.  35
    The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History.Marjorie Grene & David Depew - 2004 - New York: Cambridge University Press. Edited by David J. Depew.
    Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes, comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy debate, pre-Darwinian geology (...)
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  2.  49
    Evolution and Learning: The Baldwin Effect Reconsidered.Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew (eds.) - 2003 - MIT Press.
    The essays in this book discuss the originally proposed Baldwin effect, how it was modified over time, and its possible contribution to contemporary empirical...
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  3. Darwinism Evolving. System Dynamics and the Genealogy of Natural Selection.David J. Depew, Bruce H. Weber & Ernst Mayr - 1996 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 18 (1):135.
     
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  4.  17
    Darwinism, Democracy, and Race: American Anthropology and Evolutionary Biology in the Twentieth Century.John P. Jackson & David J. Depew - 2017 - New York: Routledge. Edited by David J. Depew.
    Darwinism, Democracy, and Race examines the development and defence of an argument that arose at the boundary between anthropology and evolutionary biology in twentieth-century America. In its fully articulated form, this argument simultaneously discredited scientific racism and defended free human agency in Darwinian terms. The volume is timely because it gives readers a key to assessing contemporary debates about the biology of race. By working across disciplinary lines, the book's focal figures--the anthropologist Franz Boas, the cultural anthropologist Alfred Kroeber, the (...)
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  5. Evolution at a Crossroads: The New Biology and the New Philosophy of Science.David J. Depew & Bruce W. Weber - 1985 - Behaviorism 13 (2):187-190.
  6. Natural selection and self-organization.Bruce H. Weber & David J. Depew - 1996 - Biology and Philosophy 11 (1):33-65.
    The Darwinian concept of natural selection was conceived within a set of Newtonian background assumptions about systems dynamics. Mendelian genetics at first did not sit well with the gradualist assumptions of the Darwinian theory. Eventually, however, Mendelism and Darwinism were fused by reformulating natural selection in statistical terms. This reflected a shift to a more probabilistic set of background assumptions based upon Boltzmannian systems dynamics. Recent developments in molecular genetics and paleontology have put pressure on Darwinism once again. Current work (...)
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  7.  48
    Adaptation as process: the future of Darwinism and the legacy of Theodosius Dobzhansky.David J. Depew - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (1):89-98.
    Conceptions of adaptation have varied in the history of genetic Darwinism depending on whether what is taken to be focal is the process of adaptation, adapted states of populations, or discrete adaptations in individual organisms. I argue that Theodosius Dobzhansky’s view of adaptation as a dynamical process contrasts with so-called “adaptationist” views of natural selection figured as “design-without-a-designer” of relatively discrete, enumerable adaptations. Correlated with these respectively process and product oriented approaches to adaptive natural selection are divergent pictures of organisms (...)
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  8. Entropy, Information and Evolution: New Perspectives on Physical and Biological Evolution.Bruce H. Weber, David J. Depew, James D. Smith & C. Dyke - 1990 - Behavior and Philosophy 18 (2):79-84.
     
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  9.  33
    Adaptation as process: the future of Darwinism and the legacy of Theodosius Dobzhansky.David J. Depew - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (1):89-98.
  10.  82
    The Fate of Darwinism: Evolution After the Modern Synthesis.David J. Depew & Bruce H. Weber - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (1):89-102.
    We trace the history of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis, and of genetic Darwinism generally, with a view to showing why, even in its current versions, it can no longer serve as a general framework for evolutionary theory. The main reason is empirical. Genetical Darwinism cannot accommodate the role of development (and of genes in development) in many evolutionary processes. We go on to discuss two conceptual issues: whether natural selection can be the “creative factor” in a new, more general framework (...)
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  11.  31
    Developmental biology, natural selection, and the conceptual boundaries of the modern evolutionary synthesis.David J. Depew & Bruce H. Weber - 2017 - Zygon 52 (2):468-490.
    Using the evolution of the stickleback family of subarctic fish as a touchstone, we explore the effect of new discoveries about regulatory genetics, developmental plasticity, and epigenetic inheritance on the conceptual foundations of the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis. Identifying the creativity of natural selection as the hallmark of the Modern Synthesis, we show that since its inception its adherents have pursued a variety of research projects that at first seemed to conflict with its principles, but were accommodated. We situate challenges coming (...)
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  12.  52
    Humans and Other Political Animals in Aristotle's History of Animals.David Depew - 1995 - Phronesis 40 (2):156 - 181.
  13.  56
    Humans and Other Political Animals in Aristotle's History of Animals.David Depew - 1995 - Phronesis 40 (2):156-181.
  14. Consequence etiology and biological teleology in Aristotle and Darwin.David J. Depew - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (4):379-390.
    Aristotle’s biological teleology is rooted in an epigenetic account of reproduction. As such, it is best interpreted by consequence etiology. I support this claim by citing the capacity of consequence etiology’s key distinctions to explain Aristotle’s opposition to Empedocles. There are implications for the relation between ancient and modern biology. The analysis reveals that in an important respect Darwin’s account of adaptation is closer to Aristotle’s than to Empedocles’s. They both rely on consequence etiological considerations to evade attributing the purposiveness (...)
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  15.  38
    Consequence etiology and biological teleology in Aristotle and Darwin.David J. Depew - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 39 (4):379-390.
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  16. The rhetoric of the Origin of species.David J. Depew - 2008 - In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge companion to the "Origin of species". New York: Cambridge University Press.
     
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  17.  26
    Richard Lewontin and Theodosius Dobzhansky: Genetics, Race, and the Anxiety of Influence.David Depew - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-17.
    I reconstruct the relationship between the evolutionary geneticists Theodosius Dobzhansky (1900–1975) and Richard Lewontin (1929–2021). Using archival research and published texts, I show that Lewontin inherited his dissertation director’s research program as well as his “biology of democracy.” He did so in circumstances in which the molecular revolution in genetics was threatening both Dobzhansky’s science and his anti-racist social ideals. Lewontin’s sometimes rocky relationship with the person he called “my professor” sprang from his perception that Dobzhansky was not up to (...)
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  18.  18
    Pragmatism: from progressivism to postmodernism.Robert Hollinger & David J. Depew (eds.) - 1995 - Westport, Conn.: Praeger.
    This interdisciplinary and systematic collection of essays explores pragmatism in relation to three key episodes in American culture: Progressivism, Positivism, and Postmodernism.
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  19.  56
    Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Evolution: a philosophical Perspective.David J. Depew - 1986 - Philosophica 37 (19860):27-58.
  20.  33
    The Rhetoric of Evolutionary Theory.David J. Depew - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (4):380-389.
    I argue that Darwinian evolutionary theory has a rhetorical dimension and that rhetorical criticism plays a role in how evolutionary science acquires knowledge. I define what I mean by rhetoric by considering Darwin’s Origin. I use the Modern Evolutionary Synthesis to show how rhetoric conceived as situated and addressed argumentation enters into evolutionary theorizing. Finally, I argue that rhetorical criticism helps judge the success, limits, and failures of these theories.
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  21.  13
    Correction to: Richard Lewontin and Theodosius Dobzhansky: Genetics, Race, and the Anxiety of Influence.David Depew - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-1.
  22.  11
    Aristotle’s De Anima and Marx’s Theory of Man.David J. Depew - 1982 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 8 (1-2):133-187.
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  23. The Habermas - Gadamer debate in Hegelian perspective.David J. Depew - 1981 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 8 (4):426-445.
  24. Aristotle’s De Anima and Marx’s Theory of Man.David J. Depew - 1982 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 8 (1-2):133-187.
  25.  24
    Genetic Biotechnology and Evolutionary Theory: Some Unsolicited Advice to Rhetors.David Depew - 2001 - Journal of Medical Humanities 22 (1):15-28.
    In his book The Biotech Century Jeremy Rifkin makes arguments about the dangers of market-driven genetic biotechnology in medical and agricultural contexts. Believing that Darwinism is too compromised by a competitive ethic to resist capitalist depredations of the genetic commons, and perhaps hoping to pick up anti-Darwinian allies, he turns for support to unorthodox non-Darwinian views of evolution. The Darwinian tradition, more closely examined, contains resources that might better serve his argument. The robust tradition associated with Theodosius Dobzhansky, Ernst Mayr, (...)
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  26.  11
    Prudence: Classical Virtue, Postmodern Practice (review).David J. Depew - 2004 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 37 (2):167-175.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Prudence: Classical Virtue, Postmodern PracticeDavid DepewPrudence: Classical Virtue, Postmodern Practice. Ed. Robert Hariman. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2003. Pp. xi + 337. $65.00, cloth."This volume," writes the editor, "is one contribution to the contemporary revival of interest in the concept of prudence" (ix). What interest? Notably, that of latter-day "virtue ethicists," whose discontents with the algorithmic decision-making procedures of modernism have given wings to a hope (...)
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  27.  8
    as a Case Study and Challenge for Science Pedagogy.David Depew - 2013 - In Kostas Kampourakis (ed.), The Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators. Springer. pp. 1--121.
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  28.  26
    Aristotle, naturalist.David J. Depew - 2002 - Metascience 11 (1):34-42.
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  29.  39
    And now for a few words from the loyal opposition . .David J. Depew - 1997 - Biology and Philosophy 12 (3):399-402.
  30.  32
    Aristotle's "Rhetoric": An Art of Character.David J. Depew - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (3):454-456.
    454 JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY 34:3 JULY x996 Under Ebert appeals to Aristotle's Topics to show that the questioner in a dialectical discussion is not committed to views affirmed by the respondent.4 Yet to avoid the consequence that nothing in such a discussion can be attributed to Socrates , Ebert distinguishes between two kinds of questions: ques- tions that do not commit the questioner to a response and questions that do, such as, "Do you/we agree that p?" - (...)
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  31.  18
    Biology and Pragmatism: The Organism-Environment Bond.David Depew - 2021 - Acta Biotheoretica 69 (4):875-885.
    This review essay provides an analysis of the context and content of Trevor Pearce’s Pragmatism’s Evolution. The work highlights the bond between organisms and their environments.
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  32.  27
    Confronting Aristotle's ethics (review).David Depew - 2008 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 41 (2):pp. 184-189.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Confronting Aristotle's EthicsDavid DepewConfronting Aristotle's Ethics by Eugene Garver Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006. Pp. ix + 290. $49.00, cloth.Readers of this journal are likely to be familiar with Eugene Garver's 1994 Aristotle's Rhetoric: An Art of Character. The main claim advanced in that important book is that for Aristotle rhetoric is an art because it has internal norms and ends. From this, it follows that although (...)
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  33.  10
    D aniel J. N icholson and J ohn D upré, eds., Everything flows: toward a processual philosophy of biology, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018, xv + 386.David Depew - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):42.
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  34.  7
    D aniel J. N icholson and J ohn D upré, eds., Everything flows: toward a processual philosophy of biology, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018, xv + 386.David Depew - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (4):42.
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  35.  13
    Darwin’s Origin: classical analogy and modern metaphor.David Depew - 2022 - Metascience 31 (2):151-155.
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  36.  11
    Eugene Garver, Aristotle's" Rhetoric": An Art of Character.David J. Depew - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (3):454-455.
  37.  25
    Confronting Aristotle's Ethics (review).David Depew - 2008 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 41 (2):184-189.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Confronting Aristotle's EthicsDavid DepewConfronting Aristotle's Ethics by Eugene Garver Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006. Pp. ix + 290. $49.00, cloth.Readers of this journal are likely to be familiar with Eugene Garver's 1994 Aristotle's Rhetoric: An Art of Character. The main claim advanced in that important book is that for Aristotle rhetoric is an art because it has internal norms and ends. From this, it follows that although (...)
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  38.  79
    Is Evolutionary Biology Infected With Invalid Teleological Reasoning?David J. Depew - 2010 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 2 (20130604).
    John Reiss is a practicing evolutionary biologist (herpetology) who by his own account happened to be in the right place (Harvard’s Museum of Comparative Zoology) at the right time (the 1980s) to hear echoes of the debate about sociobiology that had been raging there between E. O. Wilson and, on the other side, Stephen Jay Gould and Richard Lewontin (xiv). Reiss is not concerned with sociobiology, at least in this book, but with the adaptationism that Gould and Lewontin saw in (...)
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  39.  21
    Narrativism, cosmopolitanism, and historical epistemology.David J. Depew - 1985 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 14 (4):357-378.
  40.  25
    Philosophy and the Darwinian Legacy.David J. Depew - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (3):480-481.
  41.  19
    Paul Crook, Darwin's Coat-Tails. Essays on Social Darwinism.David J. Depew - 2009 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 31 (3-4):484.
  42.  13
    Prudence: Classical Virtue, Postmodern Practice (review).David J. Depew - 2004 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 37 (2):167-175.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Prudence: Classical Virtue, Postmodern PracticeDavid DepewPrudence: Classical Virtue, Postmodern Practice. Ed. Robert Hariman. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2003. Pp. xi + 337. $65.00, cloth."This volume," writes the editor, "is one contribution to the contemporary revival of interest in the concept of prudence" (ix). What interest? Notably, that of latter-day "virtue ethicists," whose discontents with the algorithmic decision-making procedures of modernism have given wings to a hope (...)
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  43.  24
    Surprise! Philosophy of science vindicated by hermeneutic phenomenology.David Depew - 2002 - Social Epistemology 16 (4):391 – 398.
  44.  11
    The Greeks and the Good Life: Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Philosophy Symposium, California State University, Fullerton.David J. Depew - 1980 - Hackett Publishing Company.
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  45.  7
    The Modern Evolutionary Synthesis in America and France: The Contribution of Jean Gayon.David Depew - 2023 - In Pierre-Olivier Méthot (ed.), Philosophy, History and Biology: Essays in Honour of Jean Gayon. Springer Verlag. pp. 107-125.
    Jean Gayon’s encounters with American evolutionary biologists and philosophers of biology affected his project of justifying the Darwinian research tradition. He challenged entrenched views about evolution in France by showing how the population-genetic theory of natural selectionSelection removed conceptual blockages that had thwarted the Darwinian research tradition. He taught his American colleagues how important French physiological genetics was to the DarwinismDarwinism of the modern evolutionary synthesis and, with Richard BurianBurian, Richard, stressed the compatibility of the Synthesis with postwar French molecular (...)
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  46.  21
    The New Philosophy of Science and Its Lessons.David Depew - 2001 - Argumentation 15 (1):9-20.
    Discusses philosophy and the science of its lesson. Observation of the perspective that laws of nature exist in theories thereby quantifying statements capable of sustaining counterfactuals; Belief on the confirmation or falsification of theories by treating putative laws as premises of hypothetical argument; Aim of science to use fewer laws to explain greater facts; Similarity between prediction and explanation.
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  47.  20
    Why Aristotle says that Artful Rhetoric can happen in only a few Venues — and why we should too.David Depew - 2013 - Polis 30 (2):305-321.
    This paper explores a possible connection between Aristotle’s defence of rhetoric as an art and his claim that its three kinds, deliberative, forensic and epideictic, necessarily take place in sites where citizens appear to one another as citizens. The argument is that only in such sites, and hence only in poleis, can speakers and audiences distinguish the internal norms of this, and indeed any other, art from external effects that, although they may be called rhetorical, are not artful or technikos (...)
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  48.  27
    The Narrative Act: Point of View in Prose Fiction (review).David J. Depew - 1983 - Philosophy and Literature 7 (1):134-135.
  49.  7
    Persuasion and Rhetoric.Russell Scott Valentino, Cinzia Sartini Blum & David J. Depew (eds.) - 2004 - Yale University Press.
    This translation of Carlo Michelstaedter’s _Persuasion and Rhetoric_ brings the powerful and original work of a seminal cultural figure to English-language readers for the first time. Ostensibly a commentary on Plato’s and Aristotle’s relation to the pre-Socratic philosophers, Michelstaedter’s deeply personal book is an extraordinary rhetorical feat that reflects the author’s struggle to make sense of modern life. This edition includes an introduction discussing his life and work, an extensive bibliography, notes to introduce each chapter, and critical notes illuminating the (...)
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  50. Evolution in thermodynamic perspective: An ecological approach. [REVIEW]Bruce H. Weber, David J. Depew, C. Dyke, Stanley N. Salthe, Eric D. Schneider, Robert E. Ulanowicz & Jeffrey S. Wicken - 1989 - Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):373-405.
    Recognition that biological systems are stabilized far from equilibrium by self-organizing, informed, autocatalytic cycles and structures that dissipate unusable energy and matter has led to recent attempts to reformulate evolutionary theory. We hold that such insights are consistent with the broad development of the Darwinian Tradition and with the concept of natural selection. Biological systems are selected that re not only more efficient than competitors but also enhance the integrity of the web of energetic relations in which they are embedded. (...)
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