Results for 'David Dodell-Feder'

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  1.  52
    The Neural Bases of Directed and Spontaneous Mental State Attributions to Group Agents.Anna Jenkins, David Dodell-Feder, Rebecca Saxe & Joshua Knobe - 2014 - PLoS ONE 9.
    In daily life, perceivers often need to predict and interpret the behavior of group agents, such as corporations and governments. Although research has investigated how perceivers reason about individual members of particular groups, less is known about how perceivers reason about group agents themselves. The present studies investigate how perceivers understand group agents by investigating the extent to which understanding the ‘mind’ of the group as a whole shares important properties and processes with understanding the minds of individuals. Experiment 1 (...)
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  2. Economy and Ecology: Federal Populism and the Devil in the Details of Universal Basic Income.David Pan - 2020 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 2020 (191):137-162.
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  3.  16
    Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings.David Benatar, Cheshire Calhoun, Louise Collins, John Corvino, Yolanda Estes, John Finnis, Deirdre Golash, Alan Goldman, Greta Christina, Raja Halwani, Christopher Hamilton, Eva Feder Kittay, Howard Klepper, Andrew Koppelman, Stanley Kurtz, Thomas Mappes, Joan Mason-Grant, Janice Moulton, Thomas Nagel, Jerome Neu, Martha Nussbaum, Alan Soble, Sallie Tisdale, Alan Wertheimer, Robin West & Karol Wojtyla - 2007 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This book's thirty essays explore philosophically the nature and morality of sexual perversion, cybersex, masturbation, homosexuality, contraception, same-sex marriage, promiscuity, pedophilia, date rape, sexual objectification, teacher-student relationships, pornography, and prostitution. Authors include Martha Nussbaum, Thomas Nagel, Alan Goldman, John Finnis, Sallie Tisdale, Robin West, Alan Wertheimer, John Corvino, Cheshire Calhoun, Jerome Neu, and Alan Soble, among others. A valuable resource for sex researchers as well as undergraduate courses in the philosophy of sex.
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  4.  18
    Federal Politics & Finite God: Images of God in United States Theology.David Nicholls - 1988 - Modern Theology 4 (4):373-400.
  5.  10
    Women and Moral Theory.Eva Feder Kittay, Carol Gilligan, Annette C. Baier, Michael Stocker, Christina H. Sommers, Kathryn Pyne Addelson, Virginia Held, Thomas E. Hill Jr, Seyla Benhabib, George Sher, Marilyn Friedman, Jonathan Adler, Sara Ruddick, Mary Fainsod, David D. Laitin, Lizbeth Hasse & Sandra Harding - 1987 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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  6.  9
    Présentation : la Fédération Internationale des Langues et Littératures modernes.David A. Wells - 2002 - Diogène 198 (2):111.
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  7. The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government.David K. Johnson - 2004
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  8.  9
    The Role of Public Argument in Emerging Democracies: A Case Study of the 12 December 1993 Elections in the Russian Federation. [REVIEW]David Cratis Williams, John T. Ishiyama, Marilyn J. Young & Michael K. Launer - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (2):179-194.
    The authors argue that in the 1993 Duma elections it was the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, led by Gennady Zyuganov, that incorporated rhetorical values and audience adaptation into its campaign strategy. Finding its discursive ground limited by history, the CPRF gradually shifted its rhetorical posture and argumentative strategies, redefining itself in the process. This evolution allowed the CPRF to employ the ideographs of ’democracy‘, ‘will of the people‘, ’citizen‘, and other key terms of Western-style democracy, while retaining, albeit (...)
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  9.  23
    Closing Loopholes in the Federal Research Regulations: Some Practical Problems.David B. Resnik - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):6 – 8.
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  10.  29
    Book Review: Anita Silvers, David Wasserman, and Mary B. Mahowald. Disability, Difference, and Discrimination: Perspectives on Justice in Bioethics and Public Policy. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998. [REVIEW]Eva Feder Kittay - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (1):209-213.
  11.  11
    Lorenza Tromboni, ed., Inter omnes Plato et Aristoteles: Gli appunti filosofici di Girolamo Savonarola. Introduzione, edizione critica e commento. Porto: Fédération Internationale des Instituts d’Études Médiévales, 2012. Pp. xviii, 326. €49. ISBN: 978-2-503-54803-6. [REVIEW]David A. Lines - 2015 - Speculum 90 (3):861-862.
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  12.  22
    Antonin Scalia, A Matter of Interpretation: Federal Courts and the Law:A Matter of Interpretation: Federal Courts and the Law.David O. Brink - 1999 - Ethics 109 (3):673-675.
  13. Editorial Preface to Presentations by the Member Associations of the International Federation for Modern Languages and Literatures.David A. Wells - 2003 - Diogenes 50 (2):91-94.
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  14. The Historikerstreit the Self-Understanding of the Federal Republic and the Self-Understanding of a Generation: Jürgen Habermas and Günter Grass.David Roberts - 1991 - Thesis Eleven 30 (1):33-55.
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  15.  18
    Michaelangiola Marchiaro, La Biblioteca di Pietro Crinito: Manoscritti E Libri a Stampa Della Raccolta Libraria di Un Umanista Fiorentino. Porto: Fédération Internationale des Instituts D’Études Médiévales, 2013. Pp. 343; 100 Black-and-White Figures and 50 Tables. €55. ISBN: 978-2-503-54949-1. [REVIEW]David Rundle - 2015 - Speculum 90 (3):837-839.
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  16. Socrate pour tous. Enseigner la philosophie aux non-philosophes, Actes du Colloque de Copenhague de la Fédération internationale des sociétés de philosophie, coll. « Pour demain ».Jean Ferrari, Peter Kemp, David Evans & Nelly Robinet-bruyère - 2004 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 194 (4):472-473.
     
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  17. Refounding of the Activity Concept? Towards a Federative Paradigm for Modeling and Simulation.Alexandre Muzy, Franck Varenne, Bernard P. Zeigler, Jonathan Caux, Patrick Coquillard, Luc Touraille, Dominique Prunetti, Philippe Caillou, Olivier Michel & David R. C. Hill - 2013 - Simulation - Transactions of the Society for Modeling and Simulation International 89 (2):156-177.
    Currently, the widely used notion of activity is increasingly present in computer science. However, because this notion is used in specific contexts, it becomes vague. Here, the notion of activity is scrutinized in various contexts and, accordingly, put in perspective. It is discussed through four scientific disciplines: computer science, biology, economics, and epistemology. The definition of activity usually used in simulation is extended to new qualitative and quantitative definitions. In computer science, biology and economics disciplines, the new simulation activity definition (...)
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  18.  20
    How Did Physician Ownership Become a Federal Case? The Stark Amendments and Their Prospects.Sarah M. Stout & David C. Warner - 2003 - HEC Forum 15 (2):171-187.
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  19.  12
    Repentance as Rebuke: Betrayal and Moral Injury in Safety Engineering.David D. Woods, Mark D. Layson & Sidney W. A. Dekker - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-13.
    Following other contributions about the MAX accidents to this journal, this paper explores the role of betrayal and moral injury in safety engineering related to the U.S. federal regulator’s role in approving the Boeing 737MAX—a plane involved in two crashes that together killed 346 people. It discusses the tension between humility and hubris when engineers are faced with complex systems that create ambiguity, uncertain judgements, and equivocal test results from unstructured situations. It considers the relationship between moral injury, principled outrage (...)
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  20.  6
    Philosophy and Rhetoric in Lincoln's First Inaugural Address.David Zarefsky - 2012 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 45 (2):165-188.
    Lincoln's First Inaugural Address was not designed to coax the seceded states back into the Union, because he never conceded that they had left. Rather, he sought to define the situation so that, if war broke out, the seceders would be cast as the aggressors and the federal government as acting in self-defense. To this end, he presented a principled case against the legitimacy or even possibility of secession while applying the arguments to the exigence at hand. He identifies the (...)
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  21.  11
    Identification of Ethics Committees Based on Authors’ Disclosures: Cross-Sectional Study of Articles Published in the European Journal of Anaesthesiology and a Survey of Ethics Committees.Davide Zoccatelli, Martin R. Tramèr & Nadia Elia - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):57.
    Since 2010, the European Journal of Anaesthesiology has required the reporting of five items concerning ethical approval in articles describing human research: ethics committee’s name and address, chairperson’s name, study’s protocol number and approval date. We aimed to assess whether this requirement has helped to identify and to contact the referenced ethics committees. In this cross-sectional study, we analysed articles requiring ethical approval, according to the Swiss federal law for human research and published in the European Journal of Anaesthesiology in (...)
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  22. Forged Consensus: Science, Technology, and Economic Policy in the United States, 1921-1953.David M. Hart - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    In this thought-provoking book, David Hart challenges the creation myth of post--World War II federal science and technology policy. According to this myth, the postwar policy sprang full-blown from the mind of Vannevar Bush in the form of Science, the Endless Frontier. Hart puts Bush's efforts in a larger historical and political context, demonstrating in the process that Bush was but one of many contributors to this complex policy and not necessarily the most successful one. Herbert Hoover, Karl Compton, (...)
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  23.  1
    Psychoanalysis Comparable and Incomparable: The Evolution of a Method to Describe and Compare Psychoanalytic Approaches.David Tuckett - 2008 - Routledge.
    How do we know when what is happening between two people should be called psychoanalysis? What is a psychoanalytic process and how do we know when one is taking place? _Psychoanalysis Comparable and Incomparable_ describes the rationale and ongoing development of a six year programme of highly original meetings conducted by the European Psychoanalytic Federation Working Party on Comparative Clinical Methods. The project comprises over seventy cases discussed by more than five hundred experienced psychoanalysts over the course of sixty workshops. (...)
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  24.  15
    Minor Changes to Previously Approved Research: A Study of IRB Policies.David B. Resnik, Gwen Babson & Gregg E. Dinse - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (4):9-14.
    We examined institutional review board policies from the top U.S. research universities to determine how many have policies that define or provide examples of what constitutes a “minor change” to previously approved research. We sought to describe differences among definitions and to ascertain whether funding level, accreditation, public versus private status, and geographic region impact the inclusion of a definition or example of this term. Of the 184 universities that we obtained policies from, 52.2% defined “minor change,” 43.5% gave examples (...)
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  25. The Freedom of Information Act and the Press: Obstruction or Transparency?David T. Barstow - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):805-810.
    When government officials can look you in the eye and invoke the Federal Freedom of Information Act, they know full well that they have donned a cloak of invisibility. They are saying, in effect, "You can't touch me," and they are calculating that you will get the message and go away. Worse yet, they are putting a premium on "access" journalism—they are elevating the importance of access, of authorized leaks, of journalists currying favor with the right government officials to get (...)
     
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  26.  13
    Tench Coxe and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms, 1787-1823.David B. Kopel & Stephen P. Halbrook - unknown
    Tench Coxe, a member of the second rank of this nation's Founders and a leading proponent of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, wrote prolifically about the right to keep and bear arms. In this Article, the authors trace Coxe's story, from his early writings in support of the Constitution, through his years of public service, to his political writings in opposition to the presidential campaigns of John Adams and John Quincy Adams. The authors note that Coxe described the (...)
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  27.  2
    Purpose and Cognition: Edward Tolman and the Transformation of American Psychology.David W. Carroll - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book discusses the development of Edward Tolman's purposive behaviourism from the 1920s to the 1950s, highlighting the tension between his references to cognitive processes and the dominant behaviourist trends. It shows how Tolman incorporated concepts from European scholars, including Egon Brunswik and the Gestalt psychologists, to justify a more purposive form of behaviourism and how the theory evolved in response to the criticisms of his contemporaries. The manuscript also discusses Tolman's political activities, culminating in his role in the California (...)
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  28.  38
    Poverty Knowledge, Coercion, and Social Rights: A Discourse Ethical Contribution to Social Epistemology.David Ingram - unknown
    In today’s America the persistence of crushing poverty in the midst of staggering affluence no longer incites the righteous jeremiads it once did. Resigned acceptance of this paradox is fueled by a sense that poverty lies beyond the moral and technical scope of government remediation. The failure of experts to reach agreement on the causes of poverty merely exacerbates our despair. Are the causes internal to the poor – reflecting their more or less voluntary choices? Or do they emanate from (...)
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  29.  15
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Labor Policy in the Disunited States of America.David Jacobs & Robbin Derry - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:142-150.
    This essay re-examines and challenges the conventional wisdom regarding American laissez-faire capitalism, illuminates the extent of government activism and the currents of social democracy, and underscores the significance of the federal structure of the United States political system. We propose Critical Institutionalism to facilitate understanding of the complex, dynamic and contested nature of our political economy.
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  30.  19
    Limiting Gebser: Institutional Liability for Non-Harassment Sex Discrimination Under Title IX.David S. Cohen - manuscript
    In Gebser v. Lago Vista Independent School District, the Supreme Court set an exacting standard for establishing institutional liability under Title IX for a teacher sexually harassing a student. That standard, rejecting the simple application of agency principles and instead requiring a student to notify the school of the harassment and then the school to be deliberately indifferent to the student's complaints, has been inconsistently applied by lower courts faced with other, non-harassment forms of sex discrimination under Title IX. In (...)
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  31.  54
    Formalism, Realism, and the War on Drugs.David Cole - unknown
    One of the ways our legal system has avoided confronting this ugly reality is through a commitment to legal formalism. Legal formalism allows us to ignore the social determinants that my AUSA friend saw every day as he prosecuted federal drug cases. As my colleague Professor Michael Seidman has suggested, legal formalism, which has been effectively critiqued and displaced by legal realism in many other areas of law, continues to exercise considerable influence over the way we think about criminal law. (...)
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  32. Planning a Trip to Italy, Arriving in Holland: The Delusion of Choice in Planning a Family.Eva Feder Kittay - 2010 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 3 (2):9.
    The title of this paper deserves an explanation—or rather two explanations, one for the portion preceding the colon, the other for that following as the subtitle. The first part is derived from a short essay by Emily Perl Kingsley, written in 1987 in response to questions she had received about what it is like to raise a child with Down Syndrome.1 Kingsley suggests that planning for a child is like planning a trip to some wonderful destination—in her example, Italy. She (...)
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  33. Special Section: Moving Forward in Animal Research Ethics Guest Editorial Reassessing Animal Research Ethics.David DeGrazia - 2015 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 24 (4):385-389.
    Animal research has long been a source of biomedical aspirations and moral concern. Examples of both hope and concern are abundant today. In recent months, as is common practice, monkeys have served as test subjects in promising preclinical trials for an Ebola vaccine or treatment 1 , 2 , 3 and in controversial maternal deprivation studies. 4 The unresolved tension between the noble aspirations of animal research and the ethical controversies it often generates motivates the present issue of the Cambridge (...)
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  34.  21
    Agricultural Debt Restructuring, Accounting, and Public Policy: A Study of the Farmers Home Administration. [REVIEW]David B. Pariser & Adolph A. Neidermeyer - 1991 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (4):56-71.
    Federal credit policies toward agriculture reflect the human values of maintaining the farm production sector largely as an industry characterized by small-scale, family farms. The Farmers Home Administration has implemented various credit programs designed to carry out this policy objective. As a result of the prolonged financial crisis in the farm economy, the agricultural community is becoming more aware of the controversies surrounding the mission of FmHA and its debt restructuring program. This paper discusses the debt restructuring program administered by (...)
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  35.  10
    Civic Friendship and Democratic Education.David Blacker - 2003 - In Kevin McDonough & Walter Feinberg (eds.), Citizenship and Education in Liberal-Democratic Societies: Teaching for Cosmopolitan Values and Collective Identities. Oxford University Press.
    This is the third of the four essays in Part II of the book on liberalism and traditionalist education; all four are by authors who would like to find ways for the liberal state to honour the self-definitions of traditional cultures and to find ways of avoiding a confrontation with differences. David Blacker’s essay on civic friendship and democratic education develops a Rawlsian conception of civic friendship, the scaffolding of which is necessarily provided by the wide range of comprehensive (...)
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  36.  1
    Total Digital Photography: The Shoot to Print Workflow Handbook.Serge Timacheff & David Karlins - 2004 - Wiley.
    This full-color title is designed to be a classic reference for the millions of photographers going to digital, from enthusiasts shooting family events and vacations with their SLRs, to professionals creating journalistic prints and fine art. It?s the only book on the market with a focus on complete, end-to-end workflow from shoot to print. It?s tied to Adobe?s latest version of Photoshop, which boasts an installed base of 4 million! Serge Timacheff is a professional photographer living in Pacific Northwest. He (...)
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  37.  21
    The Legislative Process Is Not Fit for the Abortion Debate.David Orentlicher - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (4):13-14.
    In the wake of Republican gains in November 2010, anti-abortion bills were common and aggressive during the 2011 legislative sessions.1 State general assemblies passed statutes that include provisions to (a) block abortions after twenty weeks of gestation, (b) require doctors to tell pregnant women that fetuses feel pain at or before twenty weeks of gestation, (c) prevent state or federal health care dollars from reaching clinics and physician groups that provide abortions as part of their services,2 and (d) require doctors (...)
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  38.  9
    The United States and Alternative Energies Since 1980: Technological Fix or Regime Change?David E. Nye - 2014 - Theory, Culture and Society 31 (5):103-125.
    Awareness of global warming has been widespread for two decades, yet the American political system has been slow to respond. This essay examines, first, political explanations for policy failure, focusing at the federal level and outlining both short-term partisan and structural explanations for the stalemate. The second section surveys previous energy regimes and the transitions between them, and policy failure is explained by the logic of Thomas Hughes’s ‘technological momentum’. The third section moves to an international perspective, using the Kaya (...)
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  39.  35
    Agricultural Real Estate Loans and Secondary Markets.David B. Pariser - 1987 - Agriculture and Human Values 4 (2-3):29-39.
    As a result of financial difficulties confronting American agriculture, public debate is focusing on longterm options for restoring economic stability and growth to the agricultural economy. Many believe that just as homeowners in small communities throughout the nation have been served by the development of a secondary market for residential mortgages sponsored by the federal government, farmers throughout the country would similarly benefit from the development of a secondary market for farm real estate mortgages. This paper discusses issues relating to (...)
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  40.  19
    Crisis in Swedish Farmland Preservation Strategy.David Vail - 1986 - Agriculture and Human Values 3 (4):24-31.
    Since the late 1960's, a mix of government policies has prevented the loss of farmland in Sweden, “either to forest or asphalt”; these policies have also ensured the maintenance of soil fertility and groundwater resources. However, in Sweden as in several other European nations, a chronic and growing “grain glut” in recent years has undermined the economic logic of import protection and farm price supports—the principle means of promoting a sustainable agriculture. Mainstream economists, imbued with urban-biased and production-centered values, have (...)
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  41.  13
    A Response to Commentators on "Should Children Decide Whether They Are Enrolled in Nonbeneficial Research?".David Wendler & Seema Shah - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):37-38.
    The U.S. federal regulations require investigators conducting nonbeneficial research to obtain the assent of children who are capable of providing it. Unfortunately, there has been no analysis of which children are capable of assent or even what abilities ground the capacity to give assent. Why should investigators be required to obtain the positive agreement of some children, but not others, before enrolling them in research that does not offer a compensating potential for direct benefit? We argue that the scope of (...)
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  42.  37
    Should Children Decide Whether They Are Enrolled in Nonbeneficial Research?David Wendler & Seema Shah - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):1 – 7.
    The U.S. federal regulations require investigators conducting nonbeneficial research to obtain the assent of children who are capable of providing it. Unfortunately, there has been no analysis of which children are capable of assent or even what abilities ground the capacity to give assent. Why should investigators be required to obtain the positive agreement of some children, but not others, before enrolling them in research that does not offer a compensating potential for direct benefit? We argue that the scope of (...)
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  43.  48
    Business Ethics After Citizens United: A Contractualist Analysis.David Silver - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (2):385-397.
    In Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission , the US Supreme Court sharply curtailed the ability of the state to limit political speech by for-profit corporations. This new legal situation elevates the question of corporate political involvement: in what manner and to what extent is it ethical for for-profit corporations to participate in the political process in a liberal democratic society? Using Scanlon’s version of contractualism, I argue for a number of substantive and procedural constraints on the political activities of (...)
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  44. From Confrontation to Collaboration: Collegial Accountability and the Expanding Role of Pharmacists in the Management of Chronic Pain.David B. Brushwood - 2001 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 29 (1):69-93.
    Federal and state laws create a tightly controlled system for distribution of those drugs that have recognized value in therapy, but also have the potential for abuse. The challenges pharmacists face in keeping controlled substances within the closed system are many and complex. Drug abusers and drug dealers have at times seen pharmacists as easy marks for access to abusable drugs. Unfortunately, pharmacists often find themselves in a game with criminals, who use both sophisticated and dangerous methods of inducing pharmacists (...)
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  45.  15
    Bioethics of Fish Production: Energy and the Environment. [REVIEW]David Pimentel, Roland E. Shanks & Jason C. Rylander - 1996 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 9 (2):144-164.
    Aquatic ecosystems are vital to the structure and function of all environments on earth. Worldwide, approximately 95 million metric tons of fishery products are harvested from marine and freshwater habitats. A major problem in fisheries around the world is the bioethics of overfishing. A wide range of management techniques exists for fishery, managers and policy-makers to improve fishery production in the future. The best approach to limit overfishing is to have an effective, federally regulated fishery, based on environmental standards and (...)
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  46.  30
    Between Transparency and Surveillance: Politics of the Secret.David M. Rasmussen, Volker Kaul & Alessandro Ferrara - 2016 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 42 (4-5):456-464.
    The recent wave of whistleblowers and cyber-dissidents, from Julian Assange to Edward Snowden, has declared war against surveillance. In this context, transparency is presented as an attainable political goal that can be delivered in flesh and bones by spectacular and quasi-messianic moments of disclosure. The thesis of this article is that, despite its progressive promise, the project of releasing classified documents is in line with the Orwellian cold war trope of Big Brother rather than with the complex geography of surveillance (...)
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  47.  14
    An Affair to Remember: America's Brief Fling with the University as a Public Good.David F. Labaree - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (1):20-36.
    American higher education rose to fame and fortune during the Cold War, when both student enrollments and funded research shot upward. Prior to World War II, the federal government showed little interest in universities and provided little support. The war spurred a large investment in defence-based scientific research in universities, and the emergence of the Cold War expanded federal investment exponentially. Unlike a hot war, the Cold War offered an extended period of federally funded research public subsidy for expanding student (...)
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  48.  17
    Through the Quarantine Looking Glass: Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis and Public Health Governance, Law, and Ethics.David P. Fidler, Lawrence O. Gostin & Howard Markel - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):616-628.
    The incident in May-June 2007 involving a U.S. citizen traveling internationally while infected with drug-resistant tuberculosis involved the U.S. federal government's application of its quarantine and isolation powers. The incident and the isolation order raised numerous important issues for public health governance, law, and ethics. This article explores many of these issues by examining how the exercise of quarantine powers provides a powerful lens through which to understand how societies respond to and attempt to govern threats posed by dangerous, contagious (...)
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  49.  56
    Advertising Agency-Client Attitudes Towards Ethical Issues in Political Advertising.David S. Waller - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 36 (4):347 - 354.
    Political advertising has long been a target for criticism regarding unethical behaviour. This study looks at the attitudes of Australian advertising agency executives and politicians towards ethical issues relating to political advertising. A sample of 101 advertising agency executives and 46 federal politicians were compared and some attitudinal differences were found, which could be areas of tension in the agency-client relationship.
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  50.  33
    Risk Standards for Pediatric Research: Rethinking The.David Wendler - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (2):187-198.
    : In Grimes v. Kennedy Krieger Institute (KKI), the Maryland Court of Appeals, while noting that U.S. federal regulations include risk standards for pediatric research, endorses its own risk standards. The Grimes case has implications for the debate over whether the minimal risk standard should be interpreted based on the risks in the daily lives of most children (the objective interpretation) or the risks in the daily lives of the children who will be enrolled in a given study (the subjective (...)
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