Results for 'David E. Diamondstone'

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  1.  38
    Π 1 0 Classes, Peano Arithmetic, Randomness, and Computable Domination.David E. Diamondstone, Damir D. Dzhafarov & Robert I. Soare - 2010 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (1):127-159.
    We present an overview of the topics in the title and of some of the key results pertaining to them. These have historically been topics of interest in computability theory and continue to be a rich source of problems and ideas. In particular, we draw attention to the links and connections between these topics and explore their significance to modern research in the field.
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  2.  33
    Promptness Does Not Imply Superlow Cuppability.David Diamondstone - 2009 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 74 (4):1264 - 1272.
    A classical theorem in computability is that every promptly simple set can be cupped in the Turing degrees to some complete set by a low c.e. set. A related question due to A. Nies is whether every promptly simple set can be cupped by a superlow c.e. set, i. e. one whose Turing jump is truth-table reducible to the halting problem θ'. A negative answer to this question is provided by giving an explicit construction of a promptly simple set that (...)
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  3.  36
    Strengthening prompt simplicity.David Diamondstone & Keng Meng Ng - 2011 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (3):946 - 972.
    We introduce a natural strengthening of prompt simplicity which we call strong promptness, and study its relationship with existing lowness classes. This notion provides a ≤ wtt version of superlow cuppability. We show that every strongly prompt c.e. set is superlow cuppable. Unfortunately, strong promptness is not a Turing degree notion, and so cannot characterize the sets which are superlow cuppable. However, it is a wtt-degree notion, and we show that it characterizes the degrees which satisfy a wtt-degree notion very (...)
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  4.  14
    Understanding Unprofessional Conduct of Faculty.David E. Desplaces, Laura Beauvais, Avi Kay & Susan Bosco - 2024 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 43 (1):1-26.
    Although researchers have paid much attention to the widespread cheating by students during their college careers and the possible sources behind such unethical behaviors, there has been less attention given to the unethical behaviors of faculty. Research on the types of unethical behaviors of faculty has pointed out the unique nature of higher education and the particular pressures placed on faculty as potential drivers of such behavior. In this paper, we examine the factors and underlying cognitive processes that may drive (...)
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  5.  10
    Philosophy: The Classic Readings.David E. Cooper & Peter S. Fosl (eds.) - 2009 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Philosophy: The Classic Readings_ provides a comprehensive, single-volume collection of the greatest works of philosophy from ancient to modern times. Draws on both Eastern and Western philosophical traditions Arranged chronologically within parts on Ethics, Epistemology, Metaphysics, Philosophy of Religion, and Political Philosophy Features original readings from more than a hundred of the world's great philosophers - from Lao Tzu, Confucius, the Buddha, Plato, Śamkara, Aquinas, al-Ghazāli, Kant, and Kierkegaard, to Wittgenstein, Heidegger, Sartre, Arendt, and Quine and many others Provides an (...)
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  6.  3
    The philosophy of Albert Camus.David E. Denton - 1967 - Boston,: Prime Publishers.
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  7.  12
    Irony and 'the essence of writing'.David E. Cooper - 1989 - Philosophical Papers 18 (1):53-73.
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  8.  2
    Emmanuel Levinas: entre la filosofía y el judaísmo.David E. Kronzonas - 2015 - Buenos Aires: Editorial Biblos.
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  9.  19
    Philosophy: The Classic Readings.David E. Cooper & Peter S. Fosl (eds.) - 2010 - San Diego, CA, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    Philosophy: The Classic Readings is a collection of accessible readings from the history of philosophy specifically focused on metaphysics and epistemology. The philosophers include Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, Locke, Hume, Russell and Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia.
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  10.  9
    Compassion and Solidarity with Sufferers: The Metaphysics of Mitleid.David E. Cartwright - 2010-02-19 - In Robert Stern, Alex Neill & Christopher Janaway (eds.), Better Consciousness. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 138–156.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Motivational Pluralism Compassion The First Metaphysics of Mitleid The Second Metaphysics of Mitleid Naturalizing Compassion The Solidarity With Sufferers and Different Worlds References.
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  11.  7
    Conscience and Catholic health care: from clinical contexts to government mandates.David E. DeCosse (ed.) - 2017 - Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books.
    In this volume, leading scholars in ethics, theology, and health care address conscience and how it relates to Catholic health care. Topics addressed include end-of-life care, abortion, and sterilization. The book is particularly useful for ethics boards and chaplains in Catholic hospitals, especially those merging with non-Catholic chains.
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  12.  4
    Thomas Merton--evil and why we suffer: from purified soul theodicy to Zen.David E. Orberson - 2018 - Eugene, Oregon: Cascade Books.
    Thomas Merton is one of the most important spiritual voices of the last century. He has never been more relevant as new generations look to him for guidance in addressing some of life's biggest questions: how can we find God, how should we engage with other faiths, and how can we oppose violence and injustice? Looking carefully, one can find, tucked away in Merton's prodigious writings, his response to another timeless question: Why do we suffer? Why does an all-powerful and (...)
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  13.  2
    The Works of Bishop Butler.David E. White (ed.) - 2006 - Boydell & Brewer.
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  14.  19
    The philosophic roots of modern ideology: liberalism, conservativism, marxism, fascism, nazism, islamism, feminism.David E. Ingersoll - 2017 - Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY: Sloan Publishing.
  15. Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: Evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations.David E. Meyer & Roger W. Schvaneveldt - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):227.
  16.  54
    Making hard choices in journalism ethics: cases and practice.David E. Boeyink - 2010 - New York, NY: Routledge. Edited by Sandra L. Borden.
    This book teaches students how to make the difficult ethical decisions that journalists routinely face.
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  17.  30
    Models for the speed and accuracy of aimed movements.David E. Meyer, J. E. Smith & Charles E. Wright - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (5):449-482.
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  18.  3
    Conscience and Catholicism: rights, responsibilities, and institutional responses.David E. DeCosse (ed.) - 2015 - Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books.
    In this volume leading ethicists and theologians address conscience, a term with loaded meaning and controversy in the Catholic Church in recent decades around issues like political participation, human sexuality, war and institutional violence, and theological dissent. Many essays in this challenging and far-ranging volume focus on the tension between the primacy of conscience (codified at Vatican II) and the processes and cultures of Catholic institutions, including schools, hospitals, and medical research facilities.
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  19.  5
    Science and political controversy: a reference handbook.David E. Newton - 2014 - Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO.
    A shrewd and compelling examination of how political figures throughout history have used scientific findings to achieve their objectives--just as scientists have often put political forces to work to achieve their own goals.
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  20.  41
    Optimality in human motor performance: Ideal control of rapid aimed movements.David E. Meyer, Richard A. Abrams, Sylvan Kornblum & Charles E. Wright - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):340-370.
  21.  69
    Social Media in Disaster Risk Reduction and Crisis Management.David E. Alexander - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (3):717-733.
    This paper reviews the actual and potential use of social media in emergency, disaster and crisis situations. This is a field that has generated intense interest. It is characterised by a burgeoning but small and very recent literature. In the emergencies field, social media (blogs, messaging, sites such as Facebook, wikis and so on) are used in seven different ways: listening to public debate, monitoring situations, extending emergency response and management, crowd-sourcing and collaborative development, creating social cohesion, furthering causes (including (...)
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  22.  44
    Calvinism and the Problem of Evil.David E. Alexander & Daniel M. Johnson (eds.) - 2016 - Wipf & Stock.
    Contrary to what many philosophers believe, Calvinism neither makes the problem of evil worse nor is it obviously refuted by the presence of evil and suffering in our world. Or so most of the authors in this book claim. While Calvinism has enjoyed a resurgence in recent years amongst theologians and laypersons, many philosophers have yet to follow suit. The reason seems fairly clear: Calvinism, many think, cannot handle the problem of evil with the same kind of plausibility as other (...)
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  23.  50
    Philosophical Hermeneutics, 30th Anniversary Edition.David E. Linge (ed.) - 2008 - University of California Press.
    Published in German during the last 15 years, the 13 essays in this volume provide readers with valuable knowledge of the much discussed theme of hermeneutics today. Gadamer was an early student of Martin Heidegger and has been a lifelong friend and interpreter. These essays are an outgrowth of Gadamer's Truth and Method. They can be understood, however, independently of it. Gadamer's standpoint is a blend of Hegel's and Heidegger's, with his own independent development in part. The book contains a (...)
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  24.  70
    An interactive activation model of context effects in letter perception: II. The contextual enhancement effect and some tests and extensions of the model.David E. Rumelhart & James L. McClelland - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (1):60-94.
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  25. Personal values' influence on the ethical dimension of decision making.David Fritzsche & E. Oz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
    Personal values have long been associated with individual decision behavior. The role played by personal values in decision making within an organization is less clear. Past research has found that managers tend to respond to ethical dilemmas situationally. This study examines the relationship between personal values and the ethical dimension of decision making using Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis. The study examines personal values as they relate to five types of ethical dilemmas. We found a significant positive contribution of altruistic (...)
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  26.  26
    A computational theory of executive cognitive processes and multiple-task performance: Part I. Basic mechanisms.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (1):3-65.
  27.  99
    Problems for moral/natural supervenience: DAVID E. ALEXANDER.David E. Alexander - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):73-84.
    ???Everyone agrees that the moral features of things supervene on their natural features??? , 22). Everyone is wrong, or so I will argue. In the first section, I explain the version of moral supervenience that Smith and others argue everyone should accept. In the second section, I argue that the mere conceptual possibility of a divine command theory of morality is sufficient to refute the version of moral supervenience under consideration. Lastly, I consider and respond to two objections, showing, among (...)
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  28.  56
    An interactive activation model of context effects in letter perception: I. An account of basic findings.James L. McClelland & David E. Rumelhart - 1981 - Psychological Review 88 (5):375-407.
  29. Regret in decision making under uncertainty.David E. Bell - 1982 - Operations Research 30 (5):961–81.
  30.  9
    Neoliberalism Stretched Thin? Analytic Vagaries of an Indispensable Concept.David E. Meens - 2019 - Philosophy of Education 75:538-543.
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  31.  81
    New paradigm psychology of reasoning.David E. Over - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):431-438.
  32.  40
    Postmetaphysical Thinking: Philosophical Essays.David E. Cooper, Jurgen Habermas & William Mark Hohengarten - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):572.
    This collection of Habermas's recent essays on philosophical topics continues the analysis begun in The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. In a short introductory essay, he outlines the sources of twentieth-century philosophizing, its major themes, and the range of current debates. The remainder of the essays can be seen as his contribution to these debates.Habermas's essay on George Herbert Mead is a focal point of the book. In it he sketches a postmetaphysical, intersubjective approach to questions of individuation and subjectivity. In (...)
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  33.  22
    A computational theory of executive cognitive processes and multiple-task performance: Part 2. Accounts of psychological refractory-period phenomena.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (4):749-791.
  34.  42
    Simulating a Skilled Typist: A Study of Skilled Cognitive‐Motor Performance.David E. Rumelhart & Donald A. Norman - 1982 - Cognitive Science 6 (1):1-36.
    We review the major phenomena of skilled typing and propose a model for the control of the hands and fingers during typing. The model is based upon an Activation‐Trigger‐Schema system in which a hierarchical structure of schemata directs the selection of the letters to be typed and, then, controls the hand and finger movements by a cooperative, relaxation algorithm. The interactions of the patterns of activation and inhibition among the schemata determine the temporal ordering for launching the keystrokes. To account (...)
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  35.  33
    Pain and Suffering.David E. Boeyink - 1974 - Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (1):85 - 98.
    Though related, pain and suffering are two distinct entities and are defined accordingly. An examination of their natures suggests alterations in personal attitudes, particularly in a more positive evaluation of the functions of pain. The evidence provides partial clarification of debates within medical ethics which discuss pain and suffering. Certain concrete changes in the practice of medicine are proposed, especially in the therapeutic treatment of suffering.
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  36.  90
    The Impact of Business Education on Moral Judgment Competence: An Empirical Study.David E. Desplaces, David E. Melchar, Laura L. Beauvais & Susan M. Bosco - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):73-87.
    This study uses theories of moral reasoning and moral competence to investigate how university codes of ethics, perceptions of ethical culture, academic pressure from significant others, and ethics pedagogy are related to the moral development of students. Results suggest that ethical codes and student perceptions of such codes affect their perceptions of the ethical nature of the cultures within these institutions. In addition, faculty and student discussion of ethics in business courses is significantly and positively related to moral competence among (...)
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  37.  54
    The Origins of Stoic Cosmology.David E. Hahm - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):620-623.
  38.  7
    Evolution and religion in American eduation: an ethnography.David E. Long - 2011 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Evolution and Religion in American Education shines a light into one of America’s dark educational corners, exposing the regressive pedagogy that can invade science classrooms when school boards and state overseers take their eyes off the ball. It sets out to examine the development of college students’ attitudes towards biological evolution through their lives. The fascinating insights provided by interviewing students about their world views adds up to a compelling case for additional scrutiny of the way young people’s educational experiences (...)
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  39.  27
    Feature discovery by competitive learning.David E. Rumelhart & David Zipser - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):75-112.
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  40. The probability of conditionals: The psychological evidence.David E. Over & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):340–358.
    The two main psychological theories of the ordinary conditional were designed to account for inferences made from assumptions, but few premises in everyday life can be simply assumed true. Useful premises usually have a probability that is less than certainty. But what is the probability of the ordinary conditional and how is it determined? We argue that people use a two stage Ramsey test that we specify to make probability judgements about indicative conditionals in natural language, and we describe experiments (...)
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  41. Problems for moral/natural supervenience.David E. Alexander - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):73 - 84.
    'Everyone agrees that the moral features of things supervene on their natural features' (Smith (1994), 22). Everyone is wrong, or so I will argue. In the first section, I explain the version of moral supervenience that Smith and others argue everyone should accept. In the second section, I argue that the mere conceptual possibility of a divine command theory of morality (DCT) is sufficient to refute the version of moral supervenience under consideration. Lastly, I consider and respond to two objections, (...)
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  42. Existentialism: A Reconstruction.David E. Cooper - 1990 - Malden, Mass.: Wiley-Blackwell.
    First published in 1990, _Existentialism_ is widely regarded as a classic introductory survey of the topic, and has helped to renew interest in existentialist philosophy. The author places existentialism within the great traditions of philosophy, and argues that it deserves as much attention from analytic philosophers as it has always received on the continent.
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  43. What in the World Is Semantic Indeterminacy?David E. Taylor & Alexis Burgess - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (4):298-317.
    Discussions of “indeterminacy” customarily distinguish two putative types: semantic indeterminacy (SI)—indeterminacy that’s somehow the product of the semantics of our words/concepts—and metaphysical indeterminacy (MI)—indeterminacy that exists as a mind/language-independent feature of reality itself. A popular and influential thought among philosophers is that all indeterminacy must be SI. In this paper we challenge this thought. Our challenge is guided by the question: What, exactly, does it take for a case of indeterminacy to count as SI? We argue that the only satisfactory (...)
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  44.  17
    Perception and preference in short-term word priming.David E. Huber, Richard M. Shiffrin, Keith B. Lyle & Kirsten I. Ruys - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):149-182.
  45.  25
    Augustine and Wittgenstein.David E. Zoolalian - 1978 - Augustinian Studies 9:25-33.
  46. A Philosophy of Gardens.David E. Cooper - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Why do gardens matter so much and mean so much to people? That is the intriguing question to which David Cooper seeks an answer in this book. Given the enthusiasm for gardens in human civilization ancient and modern, Eastern and Western, it is surprising that the question has been so long neglected by modern philosophy. Now at last there is a philosophy of gardens. David Cooper identifies garden appreciation as a special human phenomenon distinct from both from the (...)
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  47. Religion and the Human Future: An Essay on Theological Humanism.David E. Klemm - 2008 - Blackwell. Edited by William Schweiker.
    The shape of theological humanism -- Ideas and challenges -- The humanist imagination -- Thinking of God -- The logic of Christian humanism -- On the integrity of life -- The task of theological humanism -- Our endangered garden -- A school of conscience -- Masks of mind -- Religion and spiritual integrity -- Living theological humanism.
     
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  48.  14
    The Role of a Mental Model in Learning to Operate a Device.David E. Kieras & Susan Bovair - 1984 - Cognitive Science 8 (3):255-273.
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  49.  15
    Democratic Education versus Smithian Efficiency: Prospects for a Deweyan Ideal in the “Neoliberal Age”.David E. Meens - 2016 - Educational Theory 66 (1-2):211-226.
    In this essay, David Meens examines the viability of John Dewey's democratic educational project, as presented in Democracy and Education, under present economic and political conditions. He begins by considering Democracy and Education's central themes in historical context, arguing that Dewey's proposal for democratic education grew out of his recognition of a conflict between how political institutions had traditionally been understood and organized on the one hand, and, on the other, emerging requirements for personal and social development in the (...)
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  50.  82
    Mentoring and Research Misconduct: An Analysis of Research Mentoring in Closed ORI Cases.David E. Wright, Sandra L. Titus & Jered B. Cornelison - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):323-336.
    We are reporting on how involved the mentor was in promoting responsible research in cases of research misconduct. We reviewed the USPHS misconduct files of the Office of Research Integrity. These files are created by Institutions who prosecute a case of possible research misconduct; ORI has oversight review of these investigations. We explored the role of the mentor in the cases of trainee research misconduct on three specific behaviors that we believe mentors should perform with their trainee: (1) review source (...)
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