Results for 'David E. Fried'

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  1.  48
    No Evidence of Intelligence Improvement After Working Memory Training: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study.Thomas S. Redick, Zach Shipstead, Tyler L. Harrison, Kenny L. Hicks, David E. Fried, David Z. Hambrick, Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):359.
  2. Kant E Fries: Legittimità E Significato Della "Svolta Antropologica".Davide Roberto - 2007 - Unicopli.
  3.  52
    Wittgenstein, Heidegger and Humility: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (279):105-123.
    In 1929, doubtless to the discomfort of his logical positivist host Moritz Schlick, Wittgenstein remarked, ‘To be sure, I can understand what Heidegger means by Being and Angst ’ . I return to what Heidegger meant and Wittgenstein could understand later. I begin with that remark because it has had an instructive career. When the passage which it prefaced was first published in 1965, the editors left it out—presumably to protect a hero of ‘analytic’ philosophy from being compromised by an (...)
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  4. Jakob Friedrich Fries (1773-1843): Eine Philosophie der Exakten Wissenschaften.Kay Herrmann - 1994 - Tabula Rasa. Jenenser Zeitschrift Für Kritisches Denken (6).
    Jakob Friedrich Fries (1773-1843): A Philosophy of the Exact Sciences -/- Shortened version of the article of the same name in: Tabula Rasa. Jenenser magazine for critical thinking. 6th of November 1994 edition -/- 1. Biography -/- Jakob Friedrich Fries was born on the 23rd of August, 1773 in Barby on the Elbe. Because Fries' father had little time, on account of his journeying, he gave up both his sons, of whom Jakob Friedrich was the elder, to the Herrnhut Teaching (...)
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  5.  28
    Technology: Liberation or Enslavement?: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 38:7-18.
    The week, twenty-five years ago, of the Apollo spacecraft's return visit to the moon was described by Richard Nixon as the greatest since the Creation. Across the Atlantic, a French Academician judged the same event to matter less than the discovery of a lost etching by Daumier. Attitudes to technological achievement, then, differ. And they always have. Chuang-Tzu, over 2,000 years ago, relates an exchange between a Confucian passer-by and a Taoist gardener watering vegetables with a bucket drawn from a (...)
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  6.  84
    Problems for Moral/Natural Supervenience: DAVID E. ALEXANDER.David E. Alexander - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):73-84.
    ???Everyone agrees that the moral features of things supervene on their natural features??? , 22). Everyone is wrong, or so I will argue. In the first section, I explain the version of moral supervenience that Smith and others argue everyone should accept. In the second section, I argue that the mere conceptual possibility of a divine command theory of morality is sufficient to refute the version of moral supervenience under consideration. Lastly, I consider and respond to two objections, showing, among (...)
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  7.  4
    Philosophical Hermeneutics. Transl., Ed., (Intr.) by David E. Linge.David E. Linge (ed.) - 1977 - University of California Press.
    This excellent collection contains 13 essays from Gadamer's _Kleine Schriften, _dealing with hermeneutical reflection, phenomenology, existential philosophy, and philosophical hermeneutics. Gadamer applies hermeneutical analysis to Heidegger and Husserl's phenomenology, an approach that proves critical and instructive.
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  8.  40
    Metaphors We Live By: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1984 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 18:43-58.
    Aside from aperçus of Kant, Nietzsche, and of course, Aristotle, metaphor has not, until recently, received its due. The dominant view has been Hobbes': metaphors are an ‘abuse’ of language, less dangerous than ordinary equivocation only because they ‘profess their inconstancy’.
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  9.  30
    The Free Man: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:131-145.
    Not long after the historian, Seeley, had defined ‘perfect liberty’ as ‘the absence of all government’, Oscar Wilde wrote that a man can be totally free even in that granite embodiment of governmental constraint, prison. Ten years after Mill's famous defence of civil freedoms, On Liberty , Richard Wagner declaimed: I'll put up with everything—police, soldiers, muzzling of the press, limits on parliament… Freedom of the spiriti is the only thing for men to be proud of and which raises them (...)
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  10.  99
    Facilitation in Recognizing Pairs of Words: Evidence of a Dependence Between Retrieval Operations.David E. Meyer & Roger W. Schvaneveldt - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):227.
  11.  88
    Visions of Philosophy: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:1-13.
    Characterizations of philosophy abound. It is ‘the queen of the sciences’, a grand and sweeping metaphysical endeavour; or, less regally, it is a sort of deep anthropology or ‘descriptive metaphysics’, uncovering the general presuppositions or conceptual schemes that lurk beneath our words and thoughts. A different set of images portray philosophy as a type of therapy, or as a spiritual exercise, a way of life to be followed, or even as a special branch of poetry or politics. Then there is (...)
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  12. The Probability of Conditionals: The Psychological Evidence.David E. Over & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):340–358.
    The two main psychological theories of the ordinary conditional were designed to account for inferences made from assumptions, but few premises in everyday life can be simply assumed true. Useful premises usually have a probability that is less than certainty. But what is the probability of the ordinary conditional and how is it determined? We argue that people use a two stage Ramsey test that we specify to make probability judgements about indicative conditionals in natural language, and we describe experiments (...)
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  13. A Philosophy of Gardens.David E. Cooper - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Why do gardens matter so much and mean so much to people? That is the intriguing question to which David Cooper seeks an answer in this book. Given the enthusiasm for gardens in human civilization ancient and modern, Eastern and Western, it is surprising that the question has been so long neglected by modern philosophy. Now at last there is a philosophy of gardens. David Cooper identifies garden appreciation as a special human phenomenon distinct from both from the (...)
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  14.  29
    Simulating a Skilled Typist: A Study of Skilled Cognitive‐Motor Performance.David E. Rumelhart & Donald A. Norman - 1982 - Cognitive Science 6 (1):1-36.
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  15.  14
    Models for the Speed and Accuracy of Aimed Movements.David E. Meyer, J. E. Smith & Charles E. Wright - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (5):449-482.
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  16.  47
    An Interactive Activation Model of Context Effects in Letter Perception: II. The Contextual Enhancement Effect and Some Tests and Extensions of the Model.David E. Rumelhart & James L. McClelland - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (1):60-94.
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  17.  21
    The Mythical Number Two.David E. Melnikoff & John A. Bargh - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (4):280-293.
  18.  19
    Optimality in Human Motor Performance: Ideal Control of Rapid Aimed Movements.David E. Meyer, Richard A. Abrams, Sylvan Kornblum & Charles E. Wright - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):340-370.
  19.  75
    Deflationism and Referential Indeterminacy.David E. Taylor - 2017 - Philosophical Review 126 (1):43-79.
    This essay argues that deflationism is incompatible with the phenomenon of referential indeterminacy. This puts the deflationist in the difficult position of having to deny the possibility of what otherwise seems like a manifest and theoretically important phenomenon. Section 1 provides background on deflationism. Section 2 considers an intuitive argument by Stephen Leeds to the effect that deflationism precludes RI; the essay argues that this argument does not succeed. The rest of the essay presents its own, distinct argument for the (...)
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  20. What in the World Is Semantic Indeterminacy?David E. Taylor & Alexis Burgess - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (4):298-317.
    Discussions of “indeterminacy” customarily distinguish two putative types: semantic indeterminacy (SI)—indeterminacy that’s somehow the product of the semantics of our words/concepts—and metaphysical indeterminacy (MI)—indeterminacy that exists as a mind/language-independent feature of reality itself. A popular and influential thought among philosophers is that all indeterminacy must be SI. In this paper we challenge this thought. Our challenge is guided by the question: What, exactly, does it take for a case of indeterminacy to count as SI? We argue that the only satisfactory (...)
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  21.  73
    The Measure of Things: Humanism, Humility, and Mystery.David E. Cooper - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    David Cooper explores and defends the view that a reality independent of human perspectives is necessarily indescribable, a "mystery." Other views are shown to be hubristic. Humanists, for whom "man is the measure" of reality, exaggerate our capacity to live without the sense of an independent measure. Absolutists, who proclaim our capacity to know an independent reality, exaggerate our cognitive powers. In this highly original book Cooper restores to philosophy a proper appreciation of mystery-that is what provides a measure (...)
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  22.  9
    Figuratively Speaking.David E. Cooper - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (2):471-473.
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  23. Personal Values' Influence on the Ethical Dimension of Decision Making.David Fritzsche & E. Oz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
    Personal values have long been associated with individual decision behavior. The role played by personal values in decision making within an organization is less clear. Past research has found that managers tend to respond to ethical dilemmas situationally. This study examines the relationship between personal values and the ethical dimension of decision making using Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis. The study examines personal values as they relate to five types of ethical dilemmas. We found a significant positive contribution of altruistic (...)
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  24.  57
    New Paradigm Psychology of Reasoning.David E. Over - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):431-438.
  25.  38
    Reactionary Modernism: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:291-304.
    ‘Reactionary modernism’ is a term happily coined by the historian and sociologist Jeffrey Herf to refer to a current of German thought during the interwar years. It indicates the attempt to ‘reconcil[e] the antimodernist, romantic and irrationalist ideas present in German nationalism’ with that ‘most obvious manifestation of means–ends rationality … modern technology’. Herf's paradigm examples of this current of thought are two best-selling writers of the period: Oswald Spengler, author of the massive domesday scenario The Decline of the West (...)
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  26.  14
    Feature Discovery by Competitive Learning.David E. Rumelhart & David Zipser - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):75-112.
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  27. Regret in Decision Making Under Uncertainty.David E. Bell - 1982 - Operations Research 30 (5):961–81.
  28. Life and Meaning.David E. Cooper - 2005 - Ratio 18 (2):125–137.
  29.  46
    Schopenhauer: A Biography.David E. Cartwright - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    In his quest to solve 'the ever-disquieting riddle of existence', Schopenhauer explored almost every dimension of human existence, developing a darkly compelling worldview that found deep resonance in contemporary literature, music, philosophy, and psychology. This is the first comprehensive biography of Schopenhauer written in English. Placing him in his historical and philosophical contexts, David E. Cartwright tells the story of Schopenhauer's life to convey the full range of his philosophy. He offers a fully documented portrait in which he explores (...)
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  30.  2
    Philosophical Hermeneutics, 30th Anniversary Edition.David E. Linge (ed.) - 1976 - University of California Press.
    This excellent collection contains 13 essays from Gadamer's _Kleine Schriften, _dealing with hermeneutical reflection, phenomenology, existential philosophy, and philosophical hermeneutics. Gadamer applies hermeneutical analysis to Heidegger and Husserl's phenomenology, an approach that proves critical and instructive.
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  31.  8
    A Computational Theory of Executive Cognitive Processes and Multiple-Task Performance: Part I. Basic Mechanisms.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (1):3-65.
  32.  11
    The Ethics of Culture.David E. Cooper - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (1):233-235.
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  33.  85
    Compassion and Solidarity with Sufferers: The Metaphysics of Mitleid.David E. Cartwright - 2008 - European Journal of Philosophy 16 (2):292-310.
  34.  7
    Visual Masking and Visual Integration Across Saccadic Eye Movements.David E. Irwin, Joseph S. Brown & Jun-shi Sun - 1988 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 117 (3):276-287.
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  35.  19
    Postmetaphysical Thinking: Philosophical Essays.David E. Cooper, Jurgen Habermas & William Mark Hohengarten - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):572.
    This collection of Habermas's recent essays on philosophical topics continues the analysis begun in The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. In a short introductory essay, he outlines the sources of twentieth-century philosophizing, its major themes, and the range of current debates. The remainder of the essays can be seen as his contribution to these debates.Habermas's essay on George Herbert Mead is a focal point of the book. In it he sketches a postmetaphysical, intersubjective approach to questions of individuation and subjectivity. In (...)
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  36. Moral Relativism.David E. Cooper - 1978 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1):97-108.
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  37.  55
    Mentoring and Research Misconduct: An Analysis of Research Mentoring in Closed ORI Cases.David E. Wright, Sandra L. Titus & Jered B. Cornelison - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):323-336.
    We are reporting on how involved the mentor was in promoting responsible research in cases of research misconduct. We reviewed the USPHS misconduct files of the Office of Research Integrity. These files are created by Institutions who prosecute a case of possible research misconduct; ORI has oversight review of these investigations. We explored the role of the mentor in the cases of trainee research misconduct on three specific behaviors that we believe mentors should perform with their trainee: review source data, (...)
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  38.  46
    Partnership in U.K. Biobank: A Third Way for Genomic Property?David E. Winickoff - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (3):440-456.
    A property analysis of the U.K. Biobank reveals a new imagination of the genomic biobank as a national commonpool resource. U.K. Biobank's treatment of property and governance exhibit both strengths and weaknesses that may be instructive to genome project planners around the world.
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  39.  37
    An Interactive Activation Model of Context Effects in Letter Perception: I. An Account of Basic Findings.James L. McClelland & David E. Rumelhart - 1981 - Psychological Review 88 (5):375-407.
  40.  8
    A Computational Theory of Executive Cognitive Processes and Multiple-Task Performance: Part 2. Accounts of Psychological Refractory-Period Phenomena.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (4):749-791.
  41.  8
    Levels Indeed! A Response to Broadbent.David E. Rumelhart & James L. McClelland - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 114 (2):193-197.
  42.  5
    On Evaluating Story Grammars.David E. Rumelhart - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (3):313-316.
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  43.  46
    Mo Tzu and the Foundations of Morality.David E. Soles - 1999 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 26 (1):37-48.
  44.  41
    Verstehen, Holism and Fascism: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1996 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 41:95-107.
    A subtitle for this paper might have been ‘The ugly face of Verstehen ’, for it asks whether the theory of Verstehen has, to switch metaphors, ‘dirty hands’. By the theory of Verstehen, I mean the constellation of concepts—life, experience, expression, interpretative understanding—which, according to Wilhelm Dilthey, are essential for the study of human affairs, thereby showing that ‘the methodology of the human studies [Geisteswissenschafteri] is … different from that of the physical sciences’ :1 for in the latter, these concepts (...)
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  45.  55
    Constructing and Testing Theological Models.David E. Klemm & William H. Klink - 2003 - Zygon 38 (3):495-528.
  46. Existentialism: A Reconstruction.David E. Cooper - 1999 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    First published in 1990, _Existentialism_ is widely regarded as a classic introductory survey of the topic, and has helped to renew interest in existentialist philosophy. The author places existentialism within the great traditions of philosophy, and argues that it deserves as much attention from analytic philosophers as it has always received on the continent.
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  47.  53
    A Minimal Characterization of Indeterminacy.David E. Taylor - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18.
    The current literature on indeterminacy centers around two projects. One concerns the logic of indeterminacy; the other concerns its nature or source. The aim of this paper is to introduce, motivate and go some way toward addressing a new, third project: that of providing what I call a minimal characterization of indeterminacy. An MC, to a first approximation, is a relatively pre-theoretical characterization of indeterminacy that is neutral between the various substantive theories of the nature and logic of indeterminacy. An (...)
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  48.  12
    Partnership in U.K. Biobank: A Third Way for Genomic Property?David E. Winickoff - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (3):440-456.
    Although scientific and commercial excitement about genomic biobanks has subsided since the biotech bust in 2000, they continue to fascinate life scientists, bioethicists, and politicians alike. Indeed, these assemblages of personal health information, human DNA, and heterogeneous capital have become and remain important events in the ethics and politics of the life sciences. For starters, they continue to reveal and produce the central scientific, technological, and economic paradigms so ascendant in biology today: genome, infotech, and market. Biobanks also illustrate what (...)
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  49.  30
    Persistence and Accommodation in Short-Term Priming and Other Perceptual Paradigms: Temporal Segregation Through Synaptic Depression.David E. Huber & Randall C. O'Reilly - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (3):403-430.
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  50.  13
    Assessing the Effect of Government Surveillance on Firm Supererogation: The Case of the U.S. Automobile Industry.David E. Cavazos, Matthew Rutherford & Shawn L. Berman - 2018 - Business Ethics: A European Review 27 (2):156-163.
    This study builds on prior research investigating the antecedents of firm supererogation. Examining vehicle recalls in the U.S. automobile industry from 1966 to 2010 reveals that surveillance-based government enforcement programs can have widespread industry effects on a specific type of supererogatory action, firm volunteerism. Specifically, increases in government surveillance are associated with firms going beyond what is legally required of them by initiating voluntary product recalls for defects not covered in existing government regulation. Such effects are shown to be unique (...)
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