Results for 'David E. Kieras'

994 found
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  1.  7
    A Computational Theory of Executive Cognitive Processes and Multiple-Task Performance: Part I. Basic Mechanisms.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (1):3-65.
  2.  8
    A Computational Theory of Executive Cognitive Processes and Multiple-Task Performance: Part 2. Accounts of Psychological Refractory-Period Phenomena.David E. Meyer & David E. Kieras - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (4):749-791.
  3.  41
    Wittgenstein, Heidegger and Humility: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (279):105-123.
    In 1929, doubtless to the discomfort of his logical positivist host Moritz Schlick, Wittgenstein remarked, ‘To be sure, I can understand what Heidegger means by Being and Angst ’ . I return to what Heidegger meant and Wittgenstein could understand later. I begin with that remark because it has had an instructive career. When the passage which it prefaced was first published in 1965, the editors left it out—presumably to protect a hero of ‘analytic’ philosophy from being compromised by an (...)
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  4.  25
    Technology: Liberation or Enslavement?: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 38:7-18.
    The week, twenty-five years ago, of the Apollo spacecraft's return visit to the moon was described by Richard Nixon as the greatest since the Creation. Across the Atlantic, a French Academician judged the same event to matter less than the discovery of a lost etching by Daumier. Attitudes to technological achievement, then, differ. And they always have. Chuang-Tzu, over 2,000 years ago, relates an exchange between a Confucian passer-by and a Taoist gardener watering vegetables with a bucket drawn from a (...)
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  5.  77
    Problems for Moral/Natural Supervenience: DAVID E. ALEXANDER.David E. Alexander - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (1):73-84.
    ???Everyone agrees that the moral features of things supervene on their natural features??? , 22). Everyone is wrong, or so I will argue. In the first section, I explain the version of moral supervenience that Smith and others argue everyone should accept. In the second section, I argue that the mere conceptual possibility of a divine command theory of morality is sufficient to refute the version of moral supervenience under consideration. Lastly, I consider and respond to two objections, showing, among (...)
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  6.  26
    The Free Man: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1983 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 15:131-145.
    Not long after the historian, Seeley, had defined ‘perfect liberty’ as ‘the absence of all government’, Oscar Wilde wrote that a man can be totally free even in that granite embodiment of governmental constraint, prison. Ten years after Mill's famous defence of civil freedoms, On Liberty , Richard Wagner declaimed: I'll put up with everything—police, soldiers, muzzling of the press, limits on parliament… Freedom of the spiriti is the only thing for men to be proud of and which raises them (...)
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  7.  43
    An Interactive Activation Model of Context Effects in Letter Perception: II. The Contextual Enhancement Effect and Some Tests and Extensions of the Model.David E. Rumelhart & James L. McClelland - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (1):60-94.
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  8.  80
    Visions of Philosophy: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:1-13.
    Characterizations of philosophy abound. It is ‘the queen of the sciences’, a grand and sweeping metaphysical endeavour; or, less regally, it is a sort of deep anthropology or ‘descriptive metaphysics’, uncovering the general presuppositions or conceptual schemes that lurk beneath our words and thoughts. A different set of images portray philosophy as a type of therapy, or as a spiritual exercise, a way of life to be followed, or even as a special branch of poetry or politics. Then there is (...)
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  9.  38
    Metaphors We Live By: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1984 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 18:43-58.
    Aside from aperçus of Kant, Nietzsche, and of course, Aristotle, metaphor has not, until recently, received its due. The dominant view has been Hobbes': metaphors are an ‘abuse’ of language, less dangerous than ordinary equivocation only because they ‘profess their inconstancy’.
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  10.  27
    Simulating a Skilled Typist: A Study of Skilled Cognitive‐Motor Performance.David E. Rumelhart & Donald A. Norman - 1982 - Cognitive Science 6 (1):1-36.
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  11.  89
    Facilitation in Recognizing Pairs of Words: Evidence of a Dependence Between Retrieval Operations.David E. Meyer & Roger W. Schvaneveldt - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):227.
  12.  7
    Levels Indeed! A Response to Broadbent.David E. Rumelhart & James L. McClelland - 1985 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 114 (2):193-197.
  13.  30
    Reactionary Modernism: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:291-304.
    ‘Reactionary modernism’ is a term happily coined by the historian and sociologist Jeffrey Herf to refer to a current of German thought during the interwar years. It indicates the attempt to ‘reconcil[e] the antimodernist, romantic and irrationalist ideas present in German nationalism’ with that ‘most obvious manifestation of means–ends rationality … modern technology’. Herf's paradigm examples of this current of thought are two best-selling writers of the period: Oswald Spengler, author of the massive domesday scenario The Decline of the West (...)
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  14.  12
    Feature Discovery by Competitive Learning.David E. Rumelhart & David Zipser - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):75-112.
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  15.  13
    Models for the Speed and Accuracy of Aimed Movements.David E. Meyer, J. E. Smith & Charles E. Wright - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (5):449-482.
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  16.  12
    Process of Recognizing Tachistoscopically Presented Words.David E. Rumelhart & Patricia Siple - 1974 - Psychological Review 81 (2):99-118.
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  17. Existentialism: A Reconstruction.David E. Cooper - 1999 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    First published in 1990, _Existentialism_ is widely regarded as a classic introductory survey of the topic, and has helped to renew interest in existentialist philosophy. The author places existentialism within the great traditions of philosophy, and argues that it deserves as much attention from analytic philosophers as it has always received on the continent.
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  18.  16
    Optimality in Human Motor Performance: Ideal Control of Rapid Aimed Movements.David E. Meyer, Richard A. Abrams, Sylvan Kornblum & Charles E. Wright - 1988 - Psychological Review 95 (3):340-370.
  19.  4
    Meaning.David E. Cooper - 2003 - Carleton University Press.
    Philosophers have traditionally approached questions of meaning as part of the philosophy of language. In this book David Cooper broadens the analysis beyond linguistic meaning to offer a an account of meaning in general. He shows that not only words, sentences, and utterances in the linguistic domain can be described as meaningful but also items in such domains as art, ceremony, social action, and bodily gesture. Unlike much of the recent work in the philosophy of meaning, Cooper is not (...)
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  20.  20
    The Mythical Number Two.David E. Melnikoff & John A. Bargh - 2018 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 22 (4):280-293.
  21. What in the World Is Semantic Indeterminacy?David E. Taylor & Alexis Burgess - 2015 - Analytic Philosophy 56 (4):298-317.
    Discussions of “indeterminacy” customarily distinguish two putative types: semantic indeterminacy (SI)—indeterminacy that’s somehow the product of the semantics of our words/concepts—and metaphysical indeterminacy (MI)—indeterminacy that exists as a mind/language-independent feature of reality itself. A popular and influential thought among philosophers is that all indeterminacy must be SI. In this paper we challenge this thought. Our challenge is guided by the question: What, exactly, does it take for a case of indeterminacy to count as SI? We argue that the only satisfactory (...)
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  22.  52
    Mentoring and Research Misconduct: An Analysis of Research Mentoring in Closed ORI Cases.David E. Wright, Sandra L. Titus & Jered B. Cornelison - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (3):323-336.
    We are reporting on how involved the mentor was in promoting responsible research in cases of research misconduct. We reviewed the USPHS misconduct files of the Office of Research Integrity. These files are created by Institutions who prosecute a case of possible research misconduct; ORI has oversight review of these investigations. We explored the role of the mentor in the cases of trainee research misconduct on three specific behaviors that we believe mentors should perform with their trainee: review source data, (...)
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  23.  56
    New Paradigm Psychology of Reasoning.David E. Over - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):431-438.
  24. Personal Values' Influence on the Ethical Dimension of Decision Making.David Fritzsche & E. Oz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (4):335 - 343.
    Personal values have long been associated with individual decision behavior. The role played by personal values in decision making within an organization is less clear. Past research has found that managers tend to respond to ethical dilemmas situationally. This study examines the relationship between personal values and the ethical dimension of decision making using Partial Least Squares (PLS) analysis. The study examines personal values as they relate to five types of ethical dilemmas. We found a significant positive contribution of altruistic (...)
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  25.  43
    Schopenhauer: A Biography.David E. Cartwright - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    In his quest to solve 'the ever-disquieting riddle of existence', Schopenhauer explored almost every dimension of human existence, developing a darkly compelling worldview that found deep resonance in contemporary literature, music, philosophy, and psychology. This is the first comprehensive biography of Schopenhauer written in English. Placing him in his historical and philosophical contexts, David E. Cartwright tells the story of Schopenhauer's life to convey the full range of his philosophy. He offers a fully documented portrait in which he explores (...)
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  26.  5
    On Evaluating Story Grammars.David E. Rumelhart - 1980 - Cognitive Science 4 (3):313-316.
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  27.  69
    The Measure of Things: Humanism, Humility, and Mystery.David E. Cooper - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    David Cooper explores and defends the view that a reality independent of human perspectives is necessarily indescribable, a "mystery." Other views are shown to be hubristic. Humanists, for whom "man is the measure" of reality, exaggerate our capacity to live without the sense of an independent measure. Absolutists, who proclaim our capacity to know an independent reality, exaggerate our cognitive powers. In this highly original book Cooper restores to philosophy a proper appreciation of mystery-that is what provides a measure (...)
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  28.  22
    Learning and Connectionist Representations.David E. Rumelhart & Peter M. Todd - 1993 - In David E. Meyer & Sylvan Kornblum (eds.), Attention and Performance Xiv. MIT Press. pp. 3--30.
  29.  45
    Making Hard Choices in Journalism Ethics: Cases and Practice.David E. Boeyink - 2010 - Routledge.
    This book teaches students how to make the difficult ethical decisions that journalists routinely face.
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  30.  14
    Postmetaphysical Thinking: Philosophical Essays.David E. Cooper, Jurgen Habermas & William Mark Hohengarten - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):572.
    This collection of Habermas's recent essays on philosophical topics continues the analysis begun in The Philosophical Discourse of Modernity. In a short introductory essay, he outlines the sources of twentieth-century philosophizing, its major themes, and the range of current debates. The remainder of the essays can be seen as his contribution to these debates.Habermas's essay on George Herbert Mead is a focal point of the book. In it he sketches a postmetaphysical, intersubjective approach to questions of individuation and subjectivity. In (...)
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  31.  97
    A Philosophy of Gardens.David E. Cooper - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    Why do gardens matter so much and mean so much to people? That is the intriguing question to which David Cooper seeks an answer in this book. Given the enthusiasm for gardens in human civilization ancient and modern, Eastern and Western, it is surprising that the question has been so long neglected by modern philosophy. Now at last there is a philosophy of gardens. David Cooper identifies garden appreciation as a special human phenomenon distinct from both from the (...)
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  32. The Probability of Conditionals: The Psychological Evidence.David E. Over & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):340–358.
    The two main psychological theories of the ordinary conditional were designed to account for inferences made from assumptions, but few premises in everyday life can be simply assumed true. Useful premises usually have a probability that is less than certainty. But what is the probability of the ordinary conditional and how is it determined? We argue that people use a two stage Ramsey test that we specify to make probability judgements about indicative conditionals in natural language, and we describe experiments (...)
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  33.  51
    Predictors of Ethical Decisions Regarding Insider Trading.David E. Terpstra, Mario G. C. Reyes & Donald W. Bokor - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (9):699 - 710.
    This paper examines potential predictors of ethical decisions regarding insider trading. An interactionist perspective is taken, in which person variables, situational variables, and the interaction of these two sets of variables are viewed as influencing ethical decisions. The results of our study support such a perspective. Ethical decisions regarding insider trading appear to be a function of a complex set of interacting variables related to both the person and the situation. The implications of these findings are discussed.
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  34.  45
    Partnership in U.K. Biobank: A Third Way for Genomic Property?David E. Winickoff - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (3):440-456.
    A property analysis of the U.K. Biobank reveals a new imagination of the genomic biobank as a national commonpool resource. U.K. Biobank's treatment of property and governance exhibit both strengths and weaknesses that may be instructive to genome project planners around the world.
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  35.  26
    Evolution and the Psychology of Thinking: The Debate.David E. Over (ed.) - 2003 - Psychology Press.
    In this collection, leading experts evaluate the status of this controversial field, providing a critical analysis of its main hypotheses These hypotheses have ...
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  36.  6
    Visual Masking and Visual Integration Across Saccadic Eye Movements.David E. Irwin, Joseph S. Brown & Jun-shi Sun - 1988 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 117 (3):276-287.
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  37.  38
    Locke's Empiricism and the Postulation of Unobservables.David E. Soles - 1985 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 23 (3):339-369.
  38. World Philosophies: A Historical Introduction.David E. Cooper - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    This popular text has now been revised to ensure that it continues to meet the needs of the growing number of people interested in all the main philosophical traditions of the world. Introduces all the main philosophical systems of the world, from ancient times to the present day. Now includes new sections on Indian and Persian thought and on feminist and environmental philosophy. The preface and bibliography have also been updated. Written by a highly successful textbook author.
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  39.  78
    The Impact of Business Education on Moral Judgment Competence: An Empirical Study.David E. Desplaces, David E. Melchar, Laura L. Beauvais & Susan M. Bosco - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 74 (1):73-87.
    This study uses theories of moral reasoning and moral competence to investigate how university codes of ethics, perceptions of ethical culture, academic pressure from significant others, and ethics pedagogy are related to the moral development of students. Results suggest that ethical codes and student perceptions of such codes affect their perceptions of the ethical nature of the cultures within these institutions. In addition, faculty and student discussion of ethics in business courses is significantly and positively related to moral competence among (...)
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  40.  44
    A Minimal Characterization of Indeterminacy.David E. Taylor - 2018 - Philosophers' Imprint 18.
    The current literature on indeterminacy centers around two projects. One concerns the logic of indeterminacy; the other concerns its nature or source. The aim of this paper is to introduce, motivate and go some way toward addressing a new, third project: that of providing what I call a minimal characterization of indeterminacy. An MC, to a first approximation, is a relatively pre-theoretical characterization of indeterminacy that is neutral between the various substantive theories of the nature and logic of indeterminacy. An (...)
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  41. Moral Relativism.David E. Cooper - 1978 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1):97-108.
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  42.  31
    An Interactive Activation Model of Context Effects in Letter Perception: I. An Account of Basic Findings.James L. McClelland & David E. Rumelhart - 1981 - Psychological Review 88 (5):375-407.
  43.  34
    Perspectives on the Study of Work-Life Balance.David E. Guest - 2002 - Social Science Information 41 (2):255-279.
    This article reviews aspects of contemporary theory and research on work-life balance. It starts by exploring why work-life balance has become an important topic for research and policy in some countries and after outlining traditional perspectives examines the concept of balance and its implications for the study of the relation between work and the rest of life. A model outlining the causes, nature and consequences of a more or less acceptable work-life balance is presented and recent research is cited to (...)
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  44.  12
    Partnership in U.K. Biobank: A Third Way for Genomic Property?David E. Winickoff - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (3):440-456.
    Although scientific and commercial excitement about genomic biobanks has subsided since the biotech bust in 2000, they continue to fascinate life scientists, bioethicists, and politicians alike. Indeed, these assemblages of personal health information, human DNA, and heterogeneous capital have become and remain important events in the ethics and politics of the life sciences. For starters, they continue to reveal and produce the central scientific, technological, and economic paradigms so ascendant in biology today: genome, infotech, and market. Biobanks also illustrate what (...)
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  45.  32
    Innateness: Old and New.David E. Cooper - 1972 - Philosophical Review 81 (4):465-483.
  46. Rationality in Reasoning: The Problem of Deductive Competence.Jonathan Evans & David E. Over - unknown - Current Psychology of Cognition 16 (1-2):3-38.
     
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  47.  2
    Physician Thoughts on Unnecessary Noninvasive Imaging and Decision Support Software: A Qualitative Study.David E. Winchester, Ivette M. Freytes, Magda Schmitzberger, Kimberly Findley & Rebecca J. Beyth - 2020 - Clinical Ethics 15 (3):141-147.
    Objective Gather information from physicians about factors contributing to unnecessary noninvasive imaging and impact of possible solutions. Methods Qualitative study of 14 physicians using a phenomenological approach and the Theoretical Domains Framework. Results Most participants self-reported that >10% of the imaging tests they order are unnecessary. External sources of pressure included: peer-review, patient demands, nursing expectations, specialist requests, as well as prior experience with patient advocates, and the compensation and pension system. Internal sources of pressure included reliance on anecdote, self-doubt (...)
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  48.  69
    Imperfect Duties and Corporate Philanthropy: A Kantian Approach.David E. Ohreen & Roger A. Petry - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):367-381.
    Nonprofit organizations play a crucial role in society. Unfortunately, many such organizations are chronically underfunded and struggle to meet their objectives. These facts have significant implications for corporate philanthropy and Kant’s notion of imperfect duties. Under the concept of imperfect duties, businesses would have wide discretion regarding which charities receive donations, how much money to give, and when such donations take place. A perceived problem with imperfect duties is that they can lead to moral laxity; that is, a failure on (...)
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  49.  32
    The Origins of Stoic Cosmology.David E. Hahm - 1978 - Philosophical Review 87 (4):620-623.
  50. Life and Meaning.David E. Cooper - 2005 - Ratio 18 (2):125–137.
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