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David Gauthier [84]David P. Gauthier [25]David J. Gauthier [1]
  1. Morals by Agreement.David Gauthier - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    Is morality rational? In this book Gauthier argues that moral principles are principles of rational choice. He proposes a principle whereby choice is made on an agreed basis of cooperation, rather than according to what would give an individual the greatest expectation of value. He shows that such a principle not only ensures mutual benefit and fairness, thus satisfying the standards of morality, but also that each person may actually expect greater utility by adhering to morality, even though the choice (...)
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  2.  1
    Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.David Gauthier - 2019 - Cornell University Press.
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  3.  94
    Assure and Threaten.David Gauthier - 1994 - Ethics 104 (4):690-721.
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  4.  43
    Twenty-Five On.David Gauthier - 2013 - Ethics 123 (4):601-624.
  5.  8
    Trust Within Reason.David Gauthier - 2001 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):487-490.
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  6. Morality and Advantage.David P. Gauthier - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (4):460-475.
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  7. David Hume, Contractarian.David Gauthier - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):3-38.
  8. The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1969 - Clarendon Press.
    I THE NATURE OF MAN To understand morals and politics, understand man. Leviathan , 'that mortal god, to which we owe under the immortal God, our peace and ...
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  9.  58
    The Politics Of The Homeless Spirit: Heidegger And Levinas On Dwelling And Hospitality.Cecil Eubanks & David Gauthier - 2011 - History of Political Thought 32 (1):125-146.
    In this article, the authors examine the Heidegger-Levinas debate on dwelling and hospitality and assess its larger philosophical and political implications. Although Heidegger and Levinas are both critical of the subjectivist stance that engenders the rise of the homeless spirit, they posit different solutions to the Hegelian problematic, with Heidegger advocating an ontology of dwelling and Levinas propounding an ethic of hospitality. After a discussion of the larger political ramifications of their respective projects, we conclude with a critical assessment of (...)
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  10. The Social Contract as Ideology.David Gauthier - 1977 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (2):130-164.
    The conception of social relationships as contractual lies at the core of our ideology. Indeed, that core is constituted by the intersection of this conception with the correlative conceptions of human activity as appropriate and of rationality as utility-maximizing. My concern is to clarify this thesis and to enhance its descriptive plausibility as a characterization of our ideology, but to undermine its normative plausibility as ideologically effective.
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  11. Why Contractarianism?David Gauthier - 1998 - In James Rachels (ed.), Ethical Theory 2: Theories About How We Should Live. Oxford University Press.
     
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  12. Resolute Choice and Rational Deliberation: A Critique and a Defense.David Gauthier - 1997 - Noûs 31 (1):1-25.
  13.  37
    Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.David P. Gauthier - 1990 - Cornell University Press.
  14.  64
    Public Reason.David Gauthier - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):19-42.
    Law is the expression of public reason. I want to explicate and justify this assertion, which lies at the core of a normative theory of law. Primarily, I want to focus on the concept of public reason, showing what it is, relating it to private or individual reason, and finding its rationale in that relation. I shall then argue that public reason exhausts the normative space where law may be found. Appealing to public reason, I shall show that the authority (...)
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  15.  43
    Reason and Maximization.David Gauthier - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):411 - 433.
    Economic man seeks to maximize utility. The rationality of economic man is assumed, and is identified with the aim of utility-maximization. But may rational activity correctly be identified with maximizing activity? The object of this essay is to explore, and in part to answer, this question.This is not an issue solely, or perhaps even primarily, about the presuppositions of economics. The two great modern schools of moral and political thought in the English-speaking world, the contractarian and the utilitarian, identify rationality (...)
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  16.  66
    Deterrence, Maximization, and Rationality.David Gauthier - 1984 - Ethics 94 (3):474-495.
  17. The Unity of Reason: A Subversive Reinterpretation of Kant.David Gauthier - 1985 - Ethics 96 (1):74-88.
  18. Political Contractarianism.David Gauthier - 1997 - Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (2):132–148.
  19.  94
    Hobbes: The Laws of Nature.David Gauthier - 2001 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 82 (3-4):258-284.
    Are Hobbes's laws of nature to be understood primarily as theorems of reason, or as commands of God, or as commands of the civil sovereign? Each of these accounts can be given textual support; each identifies a role that the laws may be thought to play. Examining the full range of textual references, discussing the place of the laws of nature in Hobbes's argument, and considering how the laws may be known, give strongest support to the first of the three (...)
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  20. Thomas Hobbes: Moral Theorist.David Gauthier - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (10):547-559.
  21. Rethinking the Toxin Puzzle.David Gauthier - 1998 - In Jules L. Coleman, Christopher W. Morris & Gregory S. Kavka (eds.), Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47--58.
     
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  22.  60
    Coordination.David Gauthier - 1975 - Dialogue 14 (2):195-221.
  23. Practical Reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1963 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
  24.  49
    Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement.David Gauthier - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):373-378.
  25.  79
    Breaking Up: An Essay on Secession.David Gauthier - 1994 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):357 - 371.
    Current discussion of the normative issues surrounding secession is both helped and hindered by the existence of but one philosophic treatment of these issues sufficiently systematic and comprehensive to qualify as a theory of secession - Allen Buchanan’s. He provides the unique focal point, and so simplifies the task of those who seek to begin from the present state of the art. But in providing the unique focal point, Buchanan complicates the task of those who view, or think they view, (...)
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  26.  97
    Rational Cooperation.David Gauthier - 1974 - Noûs 8 (1):53-65.
  27.  51
    Justice and Natural Endowment: Toward a Critique of Rawls’ Ideological Framework.David Gauthier - 1974 - Social Theory and Practice 3 (1):3-26.
  28. Three Against Justice: The Foole, the Sensible Knave, and the Lydian Shepherd.David Gauthier - 1982 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):11-29.
  29. Practical Reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1965 - Mind 74 (293):116-125.
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  30.  40
    XII—In the Neighbourhood of the Newcomb-Predictor.David Gauthier - 1988 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89 (1):179-194.
  31.  55
    Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave.David Gauthier - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):401-427.
  32.  32
    Moral Artifice.David Gauthier - 1988 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):385 - 418.
    Towards the ends of their reviews, Annette Baier and Jean Hampton allow, if only momentarily, the real spectres to surface. Baier writes, ‘Gauthier rightly sees the dangers of exploitation and subjection inherent in a kin-based and affection-dependent morality, so purports to try for something totally different. Even if our moral natures cannot recognize themselves in Gauthier’s version of them, the problem that drives the attempt [for an individualist and unsentimental morality] is a real one, and so far, I think, an (...)
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  33.  10
    Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave.David Gauthier - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):401-28.
  34. Practical Reasoning the Structure and Foundations of Prudential and Moral Arguments and Their Exemplification in Discourse.David P. Gauthier - 1963 - Clarendon Press.
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  35. Hobbes's Social Contract.David Gauthier - 1988 - In G. A. J. Rogers & Alan Ryan (eds.), Perspectives on Thomas Hobbes. Oxford University Press. pp. 71-84.
  36.  68
    Hobbes on Demonstration and Construction.David P. Gauthier - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (4):509-521.
    Hobbes on Demonstration and Construction DAVID GAUTHIER 1~ IN 1656 Hobbes published Six Lessons to the Professors of Mathematics, with an Epistle Dedicatory to the Marquis of Dorchester, Lord Pierrepont. In this Epistle, Hobbes distinguishes the demonstrable from the indemonstrable arts: "demonstrable are those the construction of the subject whereof is in the power of the artist himself, who, in his demonstration, does no more but deduce the consequences of his own operation" . Although this passage, with the explication Hobbes (...)
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  37. The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1979 - Oxford University Press.
    The Logic of Leviathan The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.
     
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  38.  51
    Why Ought One Obey God? Reflections on Hobbes and Locke.David Gauthier - 1977 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):425 - 446.
    Lastly, those are not at all to be tolerated who deny the being of a God. Promises, covenants, and oaths, which are the bonds of human society, can have no hold upon an atheist. The taking away of God, though but even in thought, dissolves all.These words, from Locke's Letter Concerning Toleration, ring unconvincingly in our ears. They affirm that the bonds of human society hold only those who believe in God. This affirmation breaks into two propositions: the bonds of (...)
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  39.  35
    Levinas and the Politics of Hospitality.David Gauthier - 2007 - History of Political Thought 28 (1):158-180.
    This article presents an examination of the political implications of Levinas' concept of hospitality (hospitalité). As described by Levinas, hospitality operates in two distinct realms, the ethical and the political. In the ethical realm, the self is morally compelled to welcome the individual stranger into the private space of the home. In the public realm, the self is politically obligated to welcome the whole of humanity into the public space of the homeland. However, since politics is violent and totalizing, the (...)
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  40. The Logic of Leviathan. The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1971 - Studia Leibnitiana 3 (4):293-296.
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  41.  24
    Morality, Rational Choice, and Semantic Representation.David Gauthier - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (2):173.
    In his recent paper, “Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical,” John Rawls makes use of a footnote to disown what to many readers must have seemed one of the most striking and original underlying ideas of his theory of justice, that it “is a part, perhaps the most significant part, of the theory of rational choice.” That Rawls should issue this disclaimer indicates, at least in my view, that he has a much clearer understanding of his theory, and its relationship (...)
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  42. The Impossibility of Rational Egoism.David Gauthier - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (14):439-456.
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  43. Martin Heidegger, Emmanuel Levinas, and the Politics of Dwelling.David J. Gauthier - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    This book explores the ethical and political implications of the debate between Martin Heidegger and Emmanuel Levinas on the question of Place. It relates their debate to larger disagreements concerning ontology and ethics, the status of humanism, and the relationship between worldliness and transcendence. Ultimately, in an epoch characterized by tribalism and globalization, the Heidegger-Levinas debate illuminates the need for a contemporary politics of place that enables human beings to dwell and practice hospitality.
     
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  44. Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract Themes From Morals by Agreement.David P. Gauthier & Robert Sugden - 1993
  45. Reason to Be Moral?David Gauthier - 1987 - Synthese 72 (1):5 - 27.
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  46.  74
    Symposium Papers, Comments and an Abstract: Hobbes's Social Contract.David Gauthier - 1988 - Noûs 22 (1):71-82.
  47. Rationality and the Rational Aim.David Gauthier - 1997 - In J. Dancy (ed.), Reading Parfit. Blackwell. pp. 24--41.
     
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  48.  21
    Economic Rationality and Moral Constraints.David Gauthier - 1978 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1):75-96.
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  49.  98
    Rule-Utilitarianism and Randomization.David P. Gauthier - 1965 - Analysis 25 (3):68 - 69.
  50.  33
    Are We Moral Debtors? [REVIEW]David Gauthier - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):162–168.
    Feiffer expresses my deep feeling of unease with Scanlon’s view of morality. Scanlon claims that if I’m for something because it’s right, or against it because it’s wrong, the ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ are to be understood in terms of what we owe to each other. And I reject the idea that, at the deepest level, a core part of morality is to be understood in terms of what is owed. The fundamental moral idea, I think, is that of not taking (...)
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