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David Gauthier [87]David P. Gauthier [29]David J. Gauthier [1]
  1. Morals by agreement.David P. Gauthier - 1986 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Is morality rational? In this book Gauthier argues that moral principles are principles of rational choice. He proposes a principle whereby choice is made on an agreed basis of cooperation, rather than according to what would give an individual the greatest expectation of value. He shows that such a principle not only ensures mutual benefit and fairness, thus satisfying the standards of morality, but also that each person may actually expect greater utility by adhering to morality, even though the choice (...)
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  2. The logic of Leviathan: the moral and political theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1969 - Oxford,: Clarendon P..
    I THE NATURE OF MAN To understand morals and politics, understand man. Leviathan , 'that mortal god, to which we owe under the immortal God, our peace and ...
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  3. Assure and threaten.David Gauthier - 1994 - Ethics 104 (4):690-721.
  4.  13
    The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1969 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The Logic of Leviathan The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.
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  5.  92
    Twenty-Five On.David Gauthier - 2013 - Ethics 123 (4):601-624.
  6. David Hume, contractarian.David Gauthier - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):3-38.
  7. Morality and advantage.David P. Gauthier - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (4):460-475.
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  8.  23
    Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.David Gauthier - 1990 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    David Gauthier is one of the most outstanding and influential philosophers working in moral theory today, and his book Morals by Agreement has established him as a preeminent defender of contractarian moral theory. This volume brings together a selection of his best essays on contractarianism, many of which have become difficult to find.
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  9.  49
    Moral dealing: contract, ethics, and reason.David P. Gauthier - 1990 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
  10.  62
    Reason and Maximization.David Gauthier - 1975 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (3):411 - 433.
    Economic man seeks to maximize utility. The rationality of economic man is assumed, and is identified with the aim of utility-maximization. But may rational activity correctly be identified with maximizing activity? The object of this essay is to explore, and in part to answer, this question.This is not an issue solely, or perhaps even primarily, about the presuppositions of economics. The two great modern schools of moral and political thought in the English-speaking world, the contractarian and the utilitarian, identify rationality (...)
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  11. The Logic of Leviathan. The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1971 - Studia Leibnitiana 3 (4):293-296.
  12. The social contract as ideology.David Gauthier - 1977 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 6 (2):130-164.
    The conception of social relationships as contractual lies at the core of our ideology. Indeed, that core is constituted by the intersection of this conception with the correlative conceptions of human activity as appropriate and of rationality as utility-maximizing. My concern is to clarify this thesis and to enhance its descriptive plausibility as a characterization of our ideology, but to undermine its normative plausibility as ideologically effective.
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  13. Practical reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1963 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
  14.  93
    Deterrence, maximization, and rationality.David Gauthier - 1984 - Ethics 94 (3):474-495.
  15.  80
    Coordination.David Gauthier - 1975 - Dialogue 14 (2):195-221.
    In the days when the Great Central and the Midland ran competitive services from Leicester to London, I agreed to meet your train when you came up from Leicester. “It arrives at 12.5”, you said in your letter. But you neglected to mention which station, and only on the morning of your journey did each of us realize that this matter had been left open. You intended to travel from Leicester Central, it being more convenient for you than London Road, (...)
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  16. Resolute choice and rational deliberation: A critique and a defense.David Gauthier - 1997 - Noûs 31 (1):1-25.
  17.  1
    Practical reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1963 - Oxford,: Clarendon Press.
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  18. Why Contractarianism?David Gauthier - 1998 - In James Rachels (ed.), Ethical Theory 2: Theories About How We Should Live. Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  19. Public Reason.David Gauthier - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (1):19-42.
    Law is the expression of public reason. I want to explicate and justify this assertion, which lies at the core of a normative theory of law. Primarily, I want to focus on the concept of public reason, showing what it is, relating it to private or individual reason, and finding its rationale in that relation. I shall then argue that public reason exhausts the normative space where law may be found. Appealing to public reason, I shall show that the authority (...)
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  20. Thomas Hobbes: Moral theorist.David Gauthier - 1979 - Journal of Philosophy 76 (10):547-559.
  21. The unity of reason: A subversive reinterpretation of Kant.David Gauthier - 1985 - Ethics 96 (1):74-88.
  22.  94
    Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave.David Gauthier - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):401-427.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave1 David Gauthier Hume's account in the Treatise ofthe artificial virtues, their obligation and motivation, resists easy interpretation. Two passages, taken from his discussion of promises, will introduce, the problems I propose to examine. First: No action can be requir'd of us as our duty, unless there be implanted in human nature some actuating passion or motive, capable of producing the action. This motive (...)
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  23. Practical Reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1965 - Mind 74 (293):116-125.
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  24. Rational cooperation.David Gauthier - 1974 - Noûs 8 (1):53-65.
  25.  89
    Justice and Natural Endowment.David Gauthier - 1974 - Social Theory and Practice 3 (1):3-26.
  26. Political contractarianism.David Gauthier - 1997 - Journal of Political Philosophy 5 (2):132–148.
    I want to enquire into the relationship between the normative claims of a society and the normative stances of its members. I shall develop a contractarian perspective, as the only one available to persons who may neither expect nor require their fellows to share their own orientation to values and norms. Although I only touch on these matters here, I hope to contribute to an interpretation of the clauses on the establishment and exercise of religion in the First Amendment to (...)
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  27. Rethinking the toxin puzzle.David Gauthier - 1998 - In Jules L. Coleman, Christopher W. Morris & Gregory S. Kavka (eds.), Rational Commitment and Social Justice: Essays for Gregory Kavka. Cambridge University Press. pp. 47--58.
     
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  28.  85
    Breaking up: An Essay on Secession.David Gauthier - 1994 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 24 (3):357 - 371.
    Current discussion of the normative issues surrounding secession is both helped and hindered by the existence of but one philosophic treatment of these issues sufficiently systematic and comprehensive to qualify as a theory of secession - Allen Buchanan’s. He provides the unique focal point, and so simplifies the task of those who seek to begin from the present state of the art. But in providing the unique focal point, Buchanan complicates the task of those who view, or think they view, (...)
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  29.  36
    Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave.David Gauthier - 1992 - Hume Studies 18 (2):401-427.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Artificial Virtues and the Sensible Knave1 David Gauthier Hume's account in the Treatise ofthe artificial virtues, their obligation and motivation, resists easy interpretation. Two passages, taken from his discussion of promises, will introduce, the problems I propose to examine. First: No action can be requir'd of us as our duty, unless there be implanted in human nature some actuating passion or motive, capable of producing the action. This motive (...)
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  30. Hobbes: The Laws of Nature.David Gauthier - 2001 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 82 (3-4):258-284.
    Are Hobbes's laws of nature to be understood primarily as theorems of reason, or as commands of God, or as commands of the civil sovereign? Each of these accounts can be given textual support; each identifies a role that the laws may be thought to play. Examining the full range of textual references, discussing the place of the laws of nature in Hobbes's argument, and considering how the laws may be known, give strongest support to the first of the three (...)
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  31.  38
    Morality, Rational Choice, and Semantic Representation.David Gauthier - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (2):173.
    In his recent paper, “Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical,” John Rawls makes use of a footnote to disown what to many readers must have seemed one of the most striking and original underlying ideas of his theory of justice, that it “is a part, perhaps the most significant part, of the theory of rational choice.” That Rawls should issue this disclaimer indicates, at least in my view, that he has a much clearer understanding of his theory, and its relationship (...)
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  32.  36
    Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes from Morals by Agreement.David P. Gauthier & Robert Sugden - 1993
    Here a group of philosophers, economists and political theorists discuss the work of David Gauthier, which seeks to show that rational individuals would accept certain moral constraints on their choices. The possibilities and limitations of a contractarian approach to issues of justice is analyzed.
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  33.  37
    Moral Artifice.David Gauthier - 1988 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):385 - 418.
    Towards the ends of their reviews, Annette Baier and Jean Hampton allow, if only momentarily, the real spectres to surface. Baier writes, ‘Gauthier rightly sees the dangers of exploitation and subjection inherent in a kin-based and affection-dependent morality, so purports to try for something totally different. Even if our moral natures cannot recognize themselves in Gauthier’s version of them, the problem that drives the attempt [for an individualist and unsentimental morality] is a real one, and so far, I think, an (...)
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  34.  47
    XII*—In the Neighbourhood of the Newcomb-Predictor (Reflections on Rationality).David Gauthier - 1989 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 89 (1):179-194.
    David Gauthier; XII*—In the Neighbourhood of the Newcomb-Predictor (Reflections on Rationality), Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 89, Issue 1, 1.
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  35. Three against Justice: The Foole, the Sensible Knave, and the Lydian Shepherd.David Gauthier - 1982 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 7 (1):11-29.
  36.  73
    Bargaining and Justice.David Gauthier - 1985 - Social Philosophy and Policy 2 (2):29.
    My concern in this paper is with the illumination that the theory of rational bargaining sheds on the formulation of principles of justice. I shall first set out the bargaining problem, as treated in the theory of games, and the Nash solution, or solution F. I shall then argue against the axiom, labeled “independence of irrelevant alternatives,” which distinguished solution F, and also against the Zeuthen model of the bargaining process which F formalizes.
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  37. Hobbes's social contract.David Gauthier - 1988 - In Graham Alan John Rogers & Alan Ryan (eds.), Perspectives on Thomas Hobbes. Oxford University Press. pp. 71-84.
  38.  66
    Why Ought One Obey God? Reflections on Hobbes and Locke.David Gauthier - 1977 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 7 (3):425 - 446.
    Lastly, those are not at all to be tolerated who deny the being of a God. Promises, covenants, and oaths, which are the bonds of human society, can have no hold upon an atheist. The taking away of God, though but even in thought, dissolves all.These words, from Locke's Letter Concerning Toleration, ring unconvincingly in our ears. They affirm that the bonds of human society hold only those who believe in God. This affirmation breaks into two propositions: the bonds of (...)
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  39.  59
    Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement.David Gauthier - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):373-378.
  40. The impossibility of rational egoism.David Gauthier - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (14):439-456.
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  41.  32
    Economic rationality and moral constraints.David Gauthier - 1978 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 3 (1):75-96.
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  42. Rousseau: The Sentiment of Existence.David P. Gauthier - 2006 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Rousseau is often portrayed as an educational and social reformer whose aim was to increase individual freedom. In this volume David Gauthier examines Rousseau's evolving notion of freedom, where he focuses on a single quest: can freedom and the independent self be regained? Rousseau's first answer is given in Emile, where he seeks to create a self-sufficient individual, neither materially nor psychologically enslaved to others. His second is in the Social Contract, where he seeks to create a citizen who identifies (...)
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  43.  86
    Symposium papers, comments and an abstract: Hobbes's social contract.David Gauthier - 1988 - Noûs 22 (1):71-82.
  44.  13
    SCIENTIFIC THOUGHT AND ABSOLUTES: for an image of the sciences, between computing and biology.David Gauthier & Giuseppe Longo - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (3):120-130.
    We propose a reflection on the construction of scientific knowledge and in so doing an image of this knowledge. This will allow us to develop a comparative analysis of some of the main principles underpinning the constitution of the different sciences. We will highlight the role of critical thought in science, or even “negative results,” which pose limits and hence open new trajectories. In particular, we will address a misleading point of view, based on some informal concepts taken from computer (...)
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  45.  4
    On the Politics of Chrono-Design: Capture, Time and the Interface.Michael Dieter & David Gauthier - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (2):61-87.
    This article makes a contribution to interface criticism through the notion of chrono-design: the deliberate shaping of experiences of temporality and time through contemporary software techniques and digital technologies. This notion is articulated through discussions of network optimisation, user experience design, behavioural tracking, Hansen’s work on 21st-century media and Hayles’ framework of cognitive assemblages. In particular, the argument considers how contemporary user interfaces complicate conventional notions of the rational, self-reflexive subject by operating beyond consciousness at vast environmental dimensions and accelerated (...)
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  46.  12
    Are We Moral Debtors?David Gauthier - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):162-168.
    Feiffer expresses my deep feeling of unease with Scanlon’s view of morality. Scanlon claims that if I’m for something because it’s right, or against it because it’s wrong, the ‘right’ and ‘wrong’ are to be understood in terms of what we owe to each other. And I reject the idea that, at the deepest level, a core part of morality is to be understood in terms of what is owed. The fundamental moral idea, I think, is that of not taking (...)
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  47. Hobbes.David Gauthier - 2003 - In Robert L. Arrington (ed.), The World's Great Philosophers. Blackwell. pp. 118--125.
     
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  48.  92
    Hobbes on demonstration and construction.David P. Gauthier - 1997 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 35 (4):509-521.
    Hobbes on Demonstration and Construction DAVID GAUTHIER 1~ IN 1656 Hobbes published Six Lessons to the Professors of Mathematics, with an Epistle Dedicatory to the Marquis of Dorchester, Lord Pierrepont. In this Epistle, Hobbes distinguishes the demonstrable from the indemonstrable arts: "demonstrable are those the construction of the subject whereof is in the power of the artist himself, who, in his demonstration, does no more but deduce the consequences of his own operation" . Although this passage, with the explication Hobbes (...)
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  49.  10
    Le Promeneur Solitaire: Rousseau and the Emergence of the Post-Social Self.David Gauthier - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (1):35.
    1. The portrait and the man – each is unique. “Here is the only portrait of a man, painted exactly from nature and completely true to it.” And this man, “it will be myself…. Myself alone…. I am different.” And yet this unique portrait of this unique man, “may be used as the first comparative work in the study of man, which is certainly yet to be begun.”.
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  50. Rationality and the Rational Aim.David Gauthier - 1997 - In J. Dancy (ed.), Reading Parfit. Blackwell. pp. 24--41.
     
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1 — 50 / 117