Results for 'David H. Johnson'

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  1.  66
    Helga Wanglie Revisited: Medical Futility and the Limits of Autonomy.David H. Johnson - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (2):161.
    There is little to indicate from, her circumstances that events would propel Helga Wanglie, an 86-year-old Minneapolis woman, into the center of public controversy. We know little of her life prior to the events that removed her from the world of conscious, sentient beings. By the time of her death on 4 July 1991, Mrs. Wanglie had become the focus of a nationwide public and professional debate on the rights of a patient in a persistent vegetative state to receive aggressive (...)
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  2. Begging the Question.David H. Sanford - 1972 - Analysis 32 (6):197-199.
    A primary purpose of argument is to increase the degree of reasonable confidence that one has in the truth of the conclusion. A question begging argument fails this purpose because it violates what W. E. Johnson called an epistemic condition of inference. Although an argument of the sort characterized by Robert Hoffman in his response (Analysis 32.2, Dec 71) to Richard Robinson (Analysis 31.4, March 71) begs the question in all circumstances, we usually understand the charge that an argument (...)
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  3.  82
    Determinates Vs. Determinables.David H. Sanford - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Everything red is colored, and all squares are polygons. A square is distinguished from other polygons by being four-sided, equilateral, and equiangular. What distinguishes red things from other colored things? This has been understood as a conceptual rather than scientific question. Theories of wavelengths and reflectance and sensory processing are not considered. Given just our ordinary understanding of color, it seems that what differentiates red from other colors is only redness itself. The Cambridge logician W. E. Johnson introduced the (...)
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  4.  35
    Age Differences in Age Perceptions and Developmental Transitions.William J. Chopik, Ryan H. Bremner, David J. Johnson & Hannah L. Giasson - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  5.  49
    Socrates and Alcibiades - M. Johnson, H. Tarrant Alcibiades and the Socratic Lover-Educator. Pp. X + 254, Figs. London: Bristol Classical Press, 2012. Cased, £50. Isbn: 978-0-7156-4086-9. [REVIEW]David Johnson - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):58-60.
  6. Love and Society Essays in the Ethics of Paul Ramsey.James Turner Johnson & David H. Smith - 1974
     
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  7.  30
    Emergent Behavior in Two Complex Cellular Automata Rule Sets.Christopher J. Hazard, Kyle R. Kimport & David H. Johnson - 2005 - Complexity 10 (5):45-55.
  8.  55
    Rome and the North: The Early Reception of Gregory the Great in Germanic EuropeRolf H. Bremmer, Jr. Kees Dekker David F. Johnson[REVIEW]Carole Straw - 2004 - Speculum 79 (3):742-744.
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  9.  15
    A Reply to Johnson.David H. Carey - 1993 - Metaphilosophy 24 (1-2):91-96.
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  10.  49
    King Arthur in the Medieval Low CountriesGeert H. M. Claassens David F. Johnson.Keith Busby - 2003 - Speculum 78 (2):482-483.
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  11.  24
    Notes on "Beowulf.". P. J. Cosijn, Rolf H. Bremmer, Jr., Jan van den Berg, David F. Johnson.Howell Chickering - 1993 - Speculum 68 (3):737-738.
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  12.  52
    Dutch Romances, 3: Five Interpolated Romances From the "Lancelot Compilation". David F. Johnson, Geert H. M. Claassens, Katty De Bundel, Geert Pallemans. [REVIEW]Hermina Joldersma - 2005 - Speculum 80 (3):897-898.
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  13.  28
    Manifest Rationality Reconsidered: Reply to My Fellow Symposiasts. [REVIEW]Ralph H. Johnson - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (3):311-331.
    In this paper, I respond to papers on my Manifest Rationality (2000) by Leo Groarke, Hans Hansen, David Hitchcock, and Christopher Tindale presented at the meetings of the Ontario Philosophical Society, October 2000. From the many useful challenges they have directed at my position, I have chosen to focus on two. The dominant issue raised by their papers concerns my definition of argument, and particularly problems with the idea of a dialectical tier. I have selected that as the first (...)
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  14.  24
    ΠGarey Michael R. And Johnson David S.. Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco 1979, X + 338 Pp. [REVIEW]Harry R. Lewis - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
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  15.  31
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]E. H. F. Metzgar, Margaret A. Laughlin, Jerome F. Megna, Royal T. Fruehling, Nancy R. King, Mike Szymczuk, F. C. Rankine, Lawanda Aretta Johnson, Joseph A. Browde, B. Cutney, Dorothy Huenecke, Mary P. Hoy, Colucci Jr & L. David Weller - 1982 - Educational Studies 13 (1):86-1193.
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  16.  58
    Review of David Newsome's "The Convert Cardinals: J. H. Newman and H. E. Manning". [REVIEW]Paul Johnson - 1994 - The Chesterton Review 20 (1):127-129.
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  17.  39
    Another Perspective on the Speckled Hen.David Martel Johnson - 1971 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 1 (December):235-244.
    Philosophers in the tradition of Berkeley say that the first step in gaining knowledge from perception is to report or describe one's perceptual data, or that which one sees ‘immediately'. Further, perceptual data are existing things of some sort, and always are exactly as they appear to be since, as H. H. Price says, “in the sphere of the given … what seems, is”. However, these two claims about perceptual data are sometimes incompatible, as the following case shows. Suppose a (...)
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  18. Ethics, Literature, and Theory: An Introductory Reader.Wayne C. Booth, Dudley Barlow, Orson Scott Card, Anthony Cunningham, John Gardner, Marshall Gregory, John J. Han, Jack Harrell, Richard E. Hart, Barbara A. Heavilin, Marianne Jennings, Charles Johnson, Bernard Malamud, Toni Morrison, Georgia A. Newman, Joyce Carol Oates, Jay Parini, David Parker, James Phelan, Richard A. Posner, Mary R. Reichardt, Nina Rosenstand, Stephen L. Tanner, John Updike, John H. Wallace, Abraham B. Yehoshua & Bruce Young (eds.) - 2005 - Sheed & Ward.
    Do the rich descriptions and narrative shapings of literature provide a valuable resource for readers, writers, philosophers, and everyday people to imagine and confront the ultimate questions of life? Do the human activities of storytelling and complex moral decision-making have a deep connection? What are the moral responsibilities of the artist, critic, and reader? What can religious perspectives—from Catholic to Protestant to Mormon—contribute to literary criticism? Thirty well known contributors reflect on these questions, including iterary theorists Marshall Gregory, James Phelan, (...)
     
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  19.  24
    Ethics of Spying: A Reader for the Intelligence Professional, Vol. I.Joel H. Rosenthal, J. E. Drexel Godfrey, R. V. Jones, Arthur S. Hulnick, David W. Mattausch, Kent Pekel, Tony Pfaff, John P. Langan, John B. Chomeau, Anne C. Rudolph, Fritz Allhoff, Michael Skerker, Robert M. Gates, Andrew Wilkie, James Ernest Roscoe & Lincoln P. Bloomfield Jr (eds.) - 2006 - Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press.
    This is the first book to offer the best essays, articles, and speeches on ethics and intelligence that demonstrate the complex moral dilemmas in intelligence collection, analysis, and operations. Some are recently declassified and never before published, and all are written by authors whose backgrounds are as varied as their insights, including Robert M. Gates, former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency; John P. Langan, the Joseph Cardinal Bernardin Professor of Catholic Social Thought at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown (...)
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  20.  16
    Causation and Intelligibility: David H. Sanford.David H. Sanford - 1994 - Philosophy 69 (267):55-67.
    I shall venture to affirm, as a general proposition which admits of no exception, that the knowledge of this relation is not, in any instance, attained by reasonings a priori, but arises entirely from experience, when we find that any particular objects are constantly conjoined with each other.
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  21.  39
    Ralph H. Johnson (2000), Manifest Rationality. A Pragmatic Theory of Argument.M. A. Van Rees - 2001 - Argumentation 15 (2):231-237.
  22.  58
    Philanthropy as Strategy When Corporate Charity “Begins at Home”.David H. Saiia, Archie B. Carroll & Ann K. Buchholtz - 2003 - Business and Society 42 (2):169-201.
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  23.  30
    Review of R Eal Time.David H. Sanford - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (2):289.
  24.  15
    Threshold Theories of Signal Detection.David H. Krantz - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (3):308-324.
  25. The Problem of the Many, Many Composition Questions, and Naive Mereology.David H. Sanford - 1993 - Noûs 27 (2):219-228.
    Naive mereology studies ordinary, common-sense beliefs about part and whole. Some of the speculations in this article on naive mereology do not bear directly on Peter van Inwagen's "Material Beings". The other topics, (1) and (2), both do. (1) Here is an example of Peter Unger's "Problem of the Many". How can a table be a collection of atoms when many collections of atoms have equally strong claims to be that table? Van Inwagen invokes fuzzy sets to solve this problem. (...)
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  26.  13
    Conjoint-Measurement Analysis of Composition Rules in Psychology.David H. Krantz & Amos Tversky - 1971 - Psychological Review 78 (2):151-169.
  27.  18
    Improvements in Human Reasoning and an Error in L. J. Cohen's.David H. Krantz - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (3):340-340.
  28.  47
    A Learning Algorithm for Boltzmann Machines.David H. Ackley, Geoffrey E. Hinton & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):147-169.
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  29.  15
    Flow and Structure of Time Experience – Concept, Empirical Validation and Implications for Psychopathology.David H. V. Vogel, Christine M. Falter-Wagner, Theresa Schoofs, Katharina Krämer, Christian Kupke & Kai Vogeley - 2020 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 19 (2):235-258.
    We present a conceptual framework on the experience of time and provide a coherent basis on which to base further inquiries into qualitative approaches concerning time experience. We propose two Time-Layers and two Time-Formats forming four Time-Domains. Micro-Flow and Micro-Structure represent the implicit phenomenal basis, from which the explicit experiences of Macro-Flow and Macro-Structure emerge. Complementary to this theoretical proposal, we present empirical results from qualitative content analysis obtained from 25 healthy participants. The data essentially corroborate the theoretical proposal. With (...)
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  30.  12
    Calvinism and the Problem of Evil.David E. Alexander & Daniel M. Johnson (eds.) - 2016 - Wipf & Stock.
    Contrary to what many philosophers believe, Calvinism neither makes the problem of evil worse nor is it obviously refuted by the presence of evil and suffering in our world. Or so most of the authors in this book claim. While Calvinism has enjoyed a resurgence in recent years amongst theologians and laypersons, many philosophers have yet to follow suit. The reason seems fairly clear: Calvinism, many think, cannot handle the problem of evil with the same kind of plausibility as other (...)
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  31.  10
    Recalibrating Gender Perception: Face Aftereffects and the Perceptual Underpinnings of Gender-Related Biases.David J. Lick & Kerri L. Johnson - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (3):1259-1276.
  32.  15
    Disturbed Experience of Time in Depression—Evidence From Content Analysis.David H. V. Vogel, Katharina Krämer, Theresa Schoofs, Christian Kupke & Kai Vogeley - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  33. For Facts as Causes and Effects.David H. Mellor - 2004 - In Ned Hall, L. A. Paul & John Collins (eds.), Causation and Counterfactuals. Cambridge: Mass.: Mit Press. pp. 309--23.
     
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  34. The Conscious Self: The Immaterial Center of Subjective States.David H. Lund - 2005 - Humanity Books.
    Self-consciousness and the self -- Diachronic unity, diachronic singularity, and the subject of consciousness -- A modal argument for immateriality -- Intelligibility concerns and causal objections -- Concluding remarks.
     
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  35.  14
    Taboo or Not Taboo: Is That the Question?David H. Spain - 1988 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 16 (3):285-301.
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  36. The Direction of Causation and the Direction of Conditionship.David H. Sanford - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (8):193-207.
    I criticize and emend J L Mackie's account of causal priority by replacing ‘fixity’ in its central clause by 'x is a causal condition of y, but y is not a causal condition of x'. This replacement works only if 'is a causal condition of' is not a symmetric relation. Even apart from our desire to account for causal priority, it is desirable to have an account of nonsymmetric conditionship. Truth, for example, is a condition of knowledge, but knowledge is (...)
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  37.  12
    Flow and structure of time experience – concept, empirical validation and implications for psychopathology.David H. V. Vogel, Christine M. Falter-Wagner, Theresa Schoofs, Katharina Krämer, Christian Kupke & Kai Vogeley - 2018 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-24.
    We present a conceptual framework on the experience of time and provide a coherent basis on which to base further inquiries into qualitative approaches concerning time experience. We propose two Time-Layers and two Time-Formats forming four Time-Domains. Micro-Flow and Micro-Structure represent the implicit phenomenal basis, from which the explicit experiences of Macro-Flow and Macro-Structure emerge. Complementary to this theoretical proposal, we present empirical results from qualitative content analysis obtained from 25 healthy participants. The data essentially corroborate the theoretical proposal. With (...)
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  38.  18
    From Folk Psychology to Cognitive Science: The Case Against Belief.David H. Sanford - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (1):149-154.
  39.  70
    Competing Semantics of Vagueness: Many Values Versus Super-Truth.David H. Saford - 1976 - Synthese 33 (2-4):195--210.
    A semantics of vagueness should reject the principle that every statement has a truth-value yet retain the classical tautologies. A many-value, non-truth-functional semantics and a semantics of super-valuations each have this result. According to the super-valuation approach, 'if a man with n hairs on his head is bald, then a man with n plus one hairs on his head is also bald' is false because it comes out false no matter how the vague predicate 'is bald' is appropriately made precise. (...)
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  40.  54
    The Daulistic, Discarnate Picture That Haunts the Cognitive Science of Reli- Gion.David H. Nikkel - 2015 - Zygon 50 (3):621-646.
    A dualistic, discarnate picture haunts contemporary cognitive science of religion. Cognitive scientists of religion generally assert or assume a reductive physicalism, primarily through unconscious mental mechanisms that detect supernatural agency where none exists and a larger purpose to life when none exists. Accompanying this focus is a downplaying of conscious reflection in religious belief and practice. Yet the mind side of dualism enters into CSR in interesting ways. Some cognitive scientists turn practitioners of religion into dualists who allegedly believe in (...)
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  41. Fusion Confusion.David H. Sanford - 2003 - Analysis 63 (1):1–4.
    Two fusions can be in the same place at the same time. So long as a house made of Tinkertoys is intact, the fusion of all its Tinkertoys parts coincides with the fusion of it walls and its roof. If none of the Tinkertoys is destroyed, their fusion persists through the complete disassembly of the house. (So the house is not a fusion of its Tinkertoy parts.) The fusion of the walls and roof does not persist through the complete disassembly (...)
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  42.  75
    Locke, Leibniz, and Wiggins on Being in the Same Place at the Same Time.David H. Sanford - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (1):75-82.
    Locke thought it was a necessary truth that no two material bodies could be in the same place at the same time. Leibniz wasn't so sure. This paper sides with Leibniz. I examine the arguments of David Wiggins in defense of Locke on this point (Philosophical Review, January 1968). Wiggins’ arguments are ineffective.
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  43.  36
    Dopaminergic-Neuropeptide Interactions in the Social Brain.David H. Skuse & Louise Gallagher - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (1):27-35.
  44.  15
    Begging the Question as Involving Actual Belief and Inconceivable Without It.David H. Sanford - 1988 - Metaphilosophy 19 (1):32–37.
    This article answers John Biro's "Knowability, Believability, and Begging the Question: a Reply to Sanford" in "Metaphilosophy" 15 (1984). Biro and I agree that of two argument instances with the same form and content, one but not the other can beg the question, depending on other factors. These factors include actual beliefs, or so I maintain (against Biro) with the help of some analysed examples. Brief selections from Archbishop Whatley and J S Mill suggest that they also regard reference to (...)
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  45.  71
    Infinity and Vagueness.David H. Sanford - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (4):520-535.
    Many philosophic arguments concerned with infinite series depend on the mutual inconsistency of statements of the following five forms: (1) something exists which has R to something; (2) R is asymmetric; (3) R is transitive; (4) for any x which has R to something, there is something which has R to x; (5) only finitely many things are related by R. Such arguments are suspect if the two-place relation R in question involves any conceptual vagueness or inexactness. Traditional sorites arguments (...)
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  46. Necessities and Universals in Natural Laws.David H. Mellor - 1980 - In D. H. Mellor (ed.), Science, Belief and Behaviour. Cambridge University Press. pp. 105--25.
     
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  47.  17
    Do Infants Possess an Evolved Spider-Detection Mechanism?David H. Rakison & Jaime Derringer - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):381-393.
  48. Causal Necessity and Logical Necessity.David H. Sanford - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (2):185 - 194.
    Myles Brand and Marshall Swain advocate the principle that if A is the set of conditions individually necessary and jointly sufficient for the occurrence of B, then if C is a set of conditions individually necessary for the occurrence of B, every member of C is a member of A. I agree with John Barker and Risto Hilpinen who each argue that this principle is not true for causal necessity and sufficiency, but I disagree with their claim that it is (...)
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  49.  11
    David Martel Johnson , Three Prehistoric Inventions That Shaped Us . Reviewed By.Ronald de Sousa - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (2):99-101.
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  50. David Marter Johnson and Christina D. Erneling, Editors, the Future of the Cognitive Revolution. [REVIEW]Josefa Toribio - 2000 - Dialogue 39 (1):183-185.
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