Results for 'David Howie'

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  1.  4
    David Howie: Interpreting Probability: Controversies and Developments in the Early Twentieth Century. [REVIEW]Branden Fitelson - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (3):643-646.
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  2.  15
    Review of David Howie, Interpreting Probability: Controversies and Developments in the Early Twentieth Century[REVIEW]Colin Howson - 2003 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (2).
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  3. Interpreting Probability: Controversies and Developments in the Early Twentieth Century.David Howie - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    The term probability can be used in two main senses. In the frequency interpretation it is a limiting ratio in a sequence of repeatable events. In the Bayesian view, probability is a mental construct representing uncertainty. This 2002 book is about these two types of probability and investigates how, despite being adopted by scientists and statisticians in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Bayesianism was discredited as a theory of scientific inference during the 1920s and 1930s. Through the examination of a (...)
     
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  4. David Lamb, Teifion Davies, and Marie Roberts, Eds., Explorations in Medicine, Vol. 1. [REVIEW]John Howie - 1989 - Philosophy in Review 9 (1):30-32.
     
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  5. Ethical Issues in Contemporary Society.John Howie & George Schedler (eds.) - 1995 - Southern Illinois University Press.
    In this volume of Leys Lectures, the third collection of Wayne Leys Memorial Lectures, six distinguished essayists demonstrate the relevance of ethics to contemporary concerns by constructively exploring major ethical issues deeply embedded in our society. The essays, written by noted scholars Tom Regan, Carol C. Gould, James Rachels, James P. Sterba, Louis P. Pojman, and David L. Norton, focus on issues of feminism, the exploitation of animals, economic injustice, racial prejudice, naive moral relativism, and the failure of public (...)
     
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  6.  6
    Ethical Principles for Social Philosophy.David Weinberger - 1985 - Idealistic Studies 15 (1):83-84.
    According to John Howie, who compiled these first six annual Wayne Leys Memorial Lectures, “These essays invite the reader to discover the relevance of clearly stated, balanced, and reasonable ethical principles to controversial issues of our time.” Although the essays are indeed clearly stated, balanced, and reasonable, it is unlikely the book’s purchasers will be discovering for the first time that philosophy has something to say about social issues. But an anthology such as this will be bought and appreciated (...)
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  7.  46
    Interpreting Probability: Controversies and Developments in the Early Twentieth Century.James M. Joyce - 2004 - Philosophical Review 113 (3):438-441.
    Philosophers can learn a lot about scientific methodology when great scientists square off to debate the foundations of their discipline. The Leibniz/newton controversy over the nature of physical space and the Einstein/bohr exchanges over quantum theory provide paradigm examples of this phenomenon. David Howie’s splendid recent book describes another philosophically laden dispute of this sort. Throughout the 1930s, R. A. Fisher and Harold Jeffries squabbled over the methodology for the nascent discipline of statistics. Their debate has come to (...)
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  8. David Lincicum: A Previously Unknown Letter From H. E. G. Paulus to Karl Joseph Hieronymus Windischmann.David Lincicum - 2018 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 25 (1-2):152-155.
    This edition presents a letter from Heinrich Eberhard Gottlob Paulus to Karl Joseph Hieronymus Windischmann, dated 13 February 1804, in which Paulus thanks Windischmann for his translation of Plato, discuses philosophy, and mentions the pending appointment of Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher.
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  9. David Lincicum: Fighting Germans with Germans: Victorian Theological Translations Between Anxiety and Influence.David Lincicum - 2017 - Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte 24 (2):153-201.
    Between 1825 and 1895, Victorian Britain witnessed a significant blossoming of interest in foreign theological literature. Much of this interest, together with a concomitant anxiety, focused on the negotiation of German biblical criticism and the new challenges and possibilities this criticism introduced. This article thematizes this transnational literary and theological encounter, paying particular attention both to the major book series that undertook to mediate criticism to Britain, and to the burgeoning periodical literature that supplied ’foreign intelligence’ and short translations. Translation (...)
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  10.  21
    Direct Measurements of Stacking-Fault Energies From Observations of Dislocation Nodes.A. Howie & P. R. Swann - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (70):1215-1226.
  11.  11
    Consumer Participation in Cause-Related Marketing: An Examination of Effort Demands and Defensive Denial.Katharine M. Howie, Lifeng Yang, Scott J. Vitell, Victoria Bush & Doug Vorhies - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 147 (3):679-692.
    This article presents two studies that examine cause-related marketing promotions that require consumers’ active participation. Requiring a follow-up behavior has very valuable implications for maximizing marketing expenditures and customer relationship management. Theories related to ethical behavior, like motivated reasoning and defensive denial, are used to explain when and why consumers respond negatively to these effort demands. The first study finds that consumers rationalize not participating in CRM by devaluing the sponsored cause. The second study identifies a tactic marketers can utilize (...)
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  12. Between Feminism and Materialism: A Question of Method.Gillian Howie - 2010 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Between Feminism and Materialism is a bold attempt to make sense of the relationship between feminist theory and capitalism. Addressing a number of philosophical problems that have engaged feminists over the last few decades--universals and reason, nature and essentialism, identity and non-identity, sex and gender, power and patriarchy, local and global--this innovative book breaks through feminist waves and explains the paradoxes of feminist theory by demonstrating the on-going relevance of dialectics and the concepts of exploitation, ideology, and reification. Drawing on (...)
     
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  13.  5
    Approximations of the Dynamical Theory of Diffraction Contrast.A. Howie & Z. S. Basinski - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (149):1039-1063.
  14. Conceptual Analysis and Reductive Explanation.David J. Chalmers & Frank Jackson - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (3):315-61.
    Is conceptual analysis required for reductive explanation? If there is no a priori entailment from microphysical truths to phenomenal truths, does reductive explanation of the phenomenal fail? We say yes . Ned Block and Robert Stalnaker say no.
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  15.  57
    Law as a Private Good: A Response to Tyler Cowen on the Economics of Anarchy: David D. Friedman.David D. Friedman - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):319-327.
  16. The Philosophical Works of David Hume Including All the Essays, and Exhibiting the More Important Alterations and Corrections in the Successive Editions Published by the Author.David Hume - 1826 - Black & Tait.
  17.  10
    The Electrical Resistivity of Stacking Faults.A. Howie - 1960 - Philosophical Magazine 5 (51):251-271.
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  18. Review of Thomas S. Kuhn The Essential Tension: Selected Studies in Scientific Tradition and Change. [REVIEW]David Zaret - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (1):146.
  19.  38
    Becoming-Woman: A Flight Into Abstraction.Gillian Howie - 2008 - Deleuze and Guatarri Studies 2 (Suppl):83-106.
    In this paper I argue that the idea ‘becoming-woman’ is an attempt to transform embodied experience but, because it is unable to concern itself with mechanisms, structures and processes of sexual differentiation, fails in this task. In the first section I elaborate the relationship between becoming-woman and Deleuze's ‘superior’ or ‘transcendental’ empiricism and suggest that problems can be traced back to an underlying Humean empiricism. Along with Hume, Deleuze, it seems, presumes a bundle model of the object which dissolves things (...)
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  20.  12
    Positioning Theory: Vygotsky, Wittgenstein and Social Constructionist Psychology.Dorothy Howie & Michael Peters - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (1):51-64.
  21.  23
    Educational Theory and Practice in St. Augustine.George Howie - 1969 - New York: Teachers College Press.
  22.  63
    Nonidentity, Negative Experience and the Pre‐Reflective Cogito.Gillian Howie - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):589-607.
    This paper contributes to the current academic debate on the nature of embodied, intentional consciousness, specifically the attempt to inaugurate a rapprochement between phenomenological existentialism and critical theory. This is accomplished through a critical comparison of the concepts of negative experience and nonidentity in Theodor Adorno's negative dialectics and Jean-Paul Sartre's early phenomenology. By comparing how each engages with Hegel, I suggest that Sartre offers a broad, anthropological account of negative experience and nonidentity helpful to critical theorists but that there (...)
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  23.  6
    Column Approximation Effects in High Resolution Electron Microscopy Using Weak Diffracted Beams.A. Howie & C. H. Sworn - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 22 (178):861-864.
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  24.  7
    Diffraction Channelling of Fast Electrons and Positrons in Crystals.A. Howie - 1966 - Philosophical Magazine 14 (128):223-237.
  25.  34
    Real Essences and Natural Kinds in Feminist Theory: A Revisionist Account.Gillian Howie - 2006 - Contemporary Political Theory 5 (3):238-258.
    This paper examines the problem of natural kinds, a key problem within feminist theory, and argues for a non-instrumental realist account of group identity. I suggest that a reconstructed theory of essence helps to make sense of group membership because it combines a conventional account of groups with a realist commitment to there being something responsible for the appearance of regularities in the world. The claim that natural kind membership is a matter of similarity relationships manages to avoid metaphysical, universal (...)
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  26.  6
    The Nature of Deformation Stacking Faults in F.C.C. Alloys.A. Howie & U. Valdrè - 1963 - Philosophical Magazine 8 (95):1981-1984.
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  27.  71
    David Hume: Common-Sense Moralist, Sceptical Metaphysician.John Immerwahr - 1982 - Philosophical Review 93 (3):444-446.
  28. Understanding Belief Reports.David Braun - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (4):555-595.
    In this paper, I defend a well-known theory of belief reports from an important objection. The theory is Russellianism, sometimes also called `neo-Russellianism', `Millianism', `the direct reference theory', `the "Fido"-Fido theory', or `the naive theory'. The objection concernssubstitution of co-referring names in belief sentences. Russellianism implies that any two belief sentences, that differ only in containing distinct co-referring names, express the same proposition (in any given context). Since `Hesperus' and `Phosphorus' both refer to the planet Venus, this view implies that (...)
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  29.  33
    MacLachlan The Age of Grace: Charis in Early Greek Poetry. Princeton UP, 1993. £21.50. 0691069743.J. G. Howie - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:151-152.
  30.  32
    A World of Strong Privacy: Promises and Perils of Encryption: David Friedman.David Friedman - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (2):212-228.
    A major theme in discussions of the influence of technology on society has been the computer as a threat to privacy. It now appears that the truth is precisely the opposite. Three technologies associated with computers—public-key encryption, networking, and virtual reality—are in the process of giving us a level of privacy never known before. The U.S. government is currently intervening in an attempt, not to protect privacy, but to prevent it.
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  31.  45
    A Bayesian Treatment of Duhem's Thesis: The Case of the ‘Farm Problem’ in Agricultural Economics: David Dearmont and David A. Bessler.David Dearmont - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (2):149-158.
    In this paper we consider a Bayesian treatment of ‘Duhem's thesis’, the proposition that theories are never refuted on empirical grounds because they cannot be tested in isolation from auxiliary hypotheses about initial conditions or the operation of scientific instruments. Sawyer, Beed, and Sankey consider Duhem's thesis and its role in hypothesis testing, using four theories from economics and finance as examples. Here we consider Duhem's thesis in the context of theory choice, econometric results, and the ‘farm problem’ in agricultural (...)
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  32.  27
    The Political Jurisprudence of Affirmative Action: DAVID L. KIRP.David L. Kirp - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):223-248.
    The headlines at the outset of 1987 told of Howard Beach, where a group of blacks had been chased, and one killed, because they had unwittingly entered a white enclave in New York City. And they told of Forsythe County, Georgia, where the mere presence of civil rights marchers, in a place from which blacks had been driven three-quarters of a century earlier, brought out depths of antagonism unknown since an earlier era of civil rights marches. Behind both events – (...)
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  33.  11
    Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior by Elliott Sober; David Sloan Wilson. [REVIEW]David Rudge - 2001 - Isis 92:379-380.
  34.  32
    Brand Blanshard and Gewirth: Ethics and Rights.John Howie - 1990 - Idealistic Studies 20 (2):155-168.
    Gewirth's view that ethics is based on human rights is contrasted to Blanshard's view that human rights derive their support from ethics. For Blanshard intrinsic good is comprised of whatever both satisfies and fulfills human nature. Human rights and correlated duties depend entirely upon whether or not they foster this intrinsic good. For Gewirth, by contrast, human claim-rights, such as freedom and well-being, are the foundation of human agency required for moral action of any sort. Such rights, properly conceived, are (...)
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  35.  4
    Bibilography: Brand Blanshard, 1980-1987.John Howie - 1990 - Idealistic Studies 20 (2):169-170.
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  36.  28
    Bibilography.John Howie - 1990 - Idealistic Studies 20 (2):169-170.
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  37.  36
    Creativity in American Philosophy.John Howie - 1987 - Idealistic Studies 17 (1):76-77.
    This is an interesting book in many ways. But, it is not a study of creativity in American philosophy. It is more accurate to call it a labyrinth through which Charles Hartshorne’s view of creativity finally emerges. It is a sketch of how Hartshorne reacted to those in the philosophical tradition to whom he was exposed and, more specifically, what he found worthwhile or enduring, from his perspective, in their philosophical outlooks. There is more candor and objectivity to his approach (...)
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  38.  19
    Metaphysical Elements of Creativity In the Philosophy of W. E. Hocking, Part II.John Howie - 1973 - Idealistic Studies 3 (1):52-71.
    In relation to this world of fact, how is the self creative? In relation to this conservative system of physical nature, how is the self creative? By creative, in this context, Hocking means “making a difference in physical nature: inserting something that would not otherwise be there.” Can the self make such a difference?
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  39.  19
    Metaphysical Elements of Creativity In the Philosophy of W. E. Hocking, Part I.John Howie - 1972 - Idealistic Studies 2 (3):249-264.
    William Ernest Hocking has been described as “the people’s philosopher,” “the last of the Golden Age of American philosophy,” and “the dean of American philosophers.” These labels reflect something of the sensitivity of the man and the magnitude of his achievements. Hocking’s own words illustrate the appropriateness of the diverse labels. “Philosophy is the common man’s business,” he once remarked, “and until it reaches the common man and answers his questions it is not doing its duty.” “Philosophic thinking, stirred to (...)
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  40.  26
    System and History in Philosophy: On the Unity of Thought and Time, Text and Explanation, Solitude and Dialogue, Rhetoric and Truth in the Practice of Philosophy and its History. [REVIEW]John Howie - 1990 - Idealistic Studies 20 (2):174-175.
    What seems to bring the systematic and historical approaches into harmony is “philosophical conscience.” By this is meant “evaluating consciousness” that is “self-distancing” and prompts further searching and more careful expression of ideas. “The experience of thinking referred to here—the tension between the practice of verbal experiments and the nonverbal ‘conscience’ with which this practice tries to coincide—corresponds to the way in which we experience moral, aesthetic, and religious realities”. In brief, “a philosopher who tries to think radically … takes (...)
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  41.  29
    The Role of Consciousness in the Physical World.John Howie - 1983 - Idealistic Studies 13 (1):79-80.
    Embodying the major presentations given at the January, 1979, American Association for the Advancement of Science annual meeting held at Houston, Texas, the seven contributors explore the function of consciousness in quantum mechanics, cosmology, psychology, engineering, information science, and technological policy. Central questions that span the sprawling array of topics considered are: How, if at all, does the observer and user of the universe alter what is observed and used? Can significant experiments be formulated and executed to ascertain this possible (...)
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  42.  11
    The Psychology of Philosophy: Associating Philosophical Views with Psychological Traits in Professional Philosophers.David B. Yaden & Derek E. Anderson - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-35.
    Do psychological traits predict philosophical views? We administered the PhilPapers Survey, created by David Bourget and David Chalmers, which consists of 30 views on central philosophical topics (e.g., epistemology, ethics, metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of language) to a sample of professional philosophers (N = 314). We extended the PhilPapers survey to measure a number of psychological traits, such as personality, numeracy, well-being, lifestyle, and life experiences. We also included non-technical ‘translations’ of these views for eventual use (...)
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  43.  7
    ttingen: Vandenhoeck.J. G. Howie - 1994 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 114:182.
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  44. David Hume, Contractarian.David Gauthier - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):3-38.
  45. The Letters of David Hume: Volume 1.David Hume & J. Y. T. Greig (eds.) - 1932 - Clarendon Press.
    This classic edition presents the correspondence of one of the great thinkers of the 18th century, and offers a rich picture of the man and his age. This first volume contains David Hume's letters from 1727 to 1765. Hume's correspondents include such famous public figures as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, James Boswell, and Benjamin Franklin.
     
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  46.  11
    Interpretation of Electron Micrographs and Diffraction Patterns of Amorphous Materials.A. Howie, O. L. Krivanek & M. L. Rudee - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 27 (1):235-255.
  47.  46
    Naturalizing the Mind.David Sosa & Fred Dretske - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (3):429.
    Aware that the representational thesis is more plausible for the attitudinal than for the phenomenal, Dretske courageously focuses on sensory experience, where progress in our philosophical understanding of the mental has lagged. His view, essentially, is that what makes any mental state what it is is not so much what it's like as what it's about.
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  48.  31
    Metaphor in Context. [REVIEW]David Hills - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (3):473-478.
    The unit of metaphor isn’t always a complete sentence; often it is a single word or phrase. In such a case, the word or phrase in question makes a nonstandard, metaphorically determined contribution to the propositional content of the sentence in which it appears, a content whose other ingredients are determined in routine ways by routine recursive procedures of truth-conditional semantics. In this respect, metaphor belongs to semantics. In other respects, it doesn’t belong to semantics at all. To identify what (...)
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  49.  55
    Rational Choice and Moral Agency.David Copp - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (2):297.
    The “ultimate objective” of this book, says David Schmidtz, “is to examine the degree to which being moral is co-extensive with being rational”. For Schmidtz, an “end” gives us a reason for action provided that its pursuit is not undercut by some other end. Morality has a two-part structure. A person’s goal is “moral” if “pursuing it helps [her] to develop in a reflectively rational way,” provided its pursuit does not violate “interpersonal moral constraints”. Interpersonal constraints are imposed by (...)
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  50.  30
    David Hume: The Newtonian Philosopher.Michael Williams - 1975 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):391-394.
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