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David Hunter
Ryerson University
David Leslie Harold Hunter
University of Birmingham
  1.  84
    Research Exceptionalism.James Wilson & David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):45-54.
    Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a (...)
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  2. Alienated Belief.David Hunter - 2011 - Dialectica 65 (2):221-240.
    This paper argues that it is possible to knowingly believe something while judging that one ought not to believe it and (so) viewing the belief as manifesting a sort of failure. I offer examples showing that such ‘alienated belief’ has several potential sources. I contrast alienated belief with self-deception, incontinent (or akratic) belief and half-belief. I argue that the possibility of alienated belief is compatible with the so-called ‘transparency’ of first-person reflection on belief, and that the descriptive and expressive difficulties (...)
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  3.  85
    Inference as a Mental Act.David Hunter - forthcoming - In Michael Brent (ed.), Mental Action.
    I will argue that a person is causally responsible for believing what she does. Through inference, she can sustain and change her perspective on the world. When she draws an inference, she causes herself to keep or to change her take on things. In a literal sense, she makes up her own mind as to how things are. And, I will suggest, she can do this voluntarily. It is in part because she is causally responsible for believing what she does (...)
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  4.  27
    Are Generational Welfare Trades Always Unjust?Walter Veit, Julian Savulescu, David Hunter, Brian D. Earp & Dominic Wilkinson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (9):70-72.
    Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2020, Page 70-72.
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  5. Understanding and Belief.David Hunter - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):559-580.
    A natural view is that linguistic understanding is a source of justification or evidence: that beliefs about the meaning of a text or speech act are prima facie justified when based on states of understanding. Neglect of this view is largely due to the widely held assumption that understanding a text or speech act consists in knowledge or belief. It is argued that this assumption rests, in part, on confusing occurrent states of understanding and dispositions to understand. It is then (...)
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  6.  49
    Rule-Following and Realism. [REVIEW]David Hunter - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):425.
    Ebbs’s aim is to “come to terms with and move beyond currently entrenched ways of looking at central topics in the philosophy of language and mind”. The entrenched perspectives are Metaphysical Realism, the view that “we can make ‘objective’ assertions only if we can ‘grasp’ metaphysically independent ‘truth conditions”’, and Scientific Naturalism, “Quine’s view that ‘it is within science itself that reality is to be identified and described”’. Ebbs intends to replace these with what he calls the “Participant Perspective,” from (...)
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  7. Directives for Knowledge and Belief.David Hunter - 2018 - In Daniel Whiting, Conor McHugh & Jonathan Way (eds.), Normativity: Epistemic and Practical. Oxford:
     
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  8.  32
    Understanding and Belief.David Hunter - 1998 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):559-580.
    A natural view is that linguistic understanding is a source of justification or evidence: that beliefs about the meaning of a text or speech act are prima facie justified when based on states of understanding. Neglect of this view is largely due to the widely held assumption that understanding a text or speech act consists in knowledge or belief. It is argued that this assumption rests, in part, on confusing occurrent states of understanding and dispositions to understand. It is then (...)
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  9. Soames and Widescopism.David Hunter - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 123 (3):231 - 241.
    Widescopism, as I call it, holds that names are synonymous with descriptions that are required to take wide scope over modal adverbs. Scott Soames has recently argued that Widescopism is false. He identifies an argument that is valid but which, he claims, a defender of Widescopism must say has true premises and a false conclusion. I argue, first, that a defender of Widescopism need not in fact say that the target arguments conclusion is false. Soames argument that she must confuses, (...)
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  10.  41
    The Metaphysics of Responsible Believing.David Hunter - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):255-285.
    Contemporary philosophy of mind has tended to make the believer disappear. In response, Matt Boyle and Pamela Hieronymi have argued that believing is an act or activity, not a mental state. I argue that this response fails to fully critique contemporary accounts of believing. Such accounts assume that states of believing are particulars; with semantic properties; that we attend to in reflection and act on in inference; and with a rich causal life of their own. Together, these assumptions leave no (...)
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  11.  19
    Facebook Emotional Contagion Experiment Controversy.David Hunter & Nicholas Evans - 2016 - Research Ethics 12 (1):2-3.
  12.  68
    Guidance and Belief.David Hunter - 2009 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (S1):63-90.
  13. Lacking, Needing, and Wanting.David Hunter - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
    In this paper I offer a novel conception of the nature of wanting. According to it, wanting is simply lacking something one needs. Lacking has no direct connection to goodness but needing does, and that is how goodness figures in to wanting. What a thing needs derives from what it is to be a good thing of its kind. In people, wanting is connected to both knowledge and choice, since a person can know that she wants something and can act (...)
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  14.  8
    The Roles of Research Ethics Committees: Implications for Membership.David Hunter - 2007 - Research Ethics 3 (1):24-26.
    In this brief paper I intend to make some distinctions between the activities that research ethics committees are required to undertake as part of their role in protecting research participants. These functions are, identifying ethical issues and risks within research projects, providing advice on how to resolve these issues and risks without compromising the validity of the research and finally, when this cannot be achieved, deciding whether the research should still be allowed to go ahead. Distinguishing these distinct functions allows (...)
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  15.  38
    Davidson on Practical Knowledge.David Hunter - 2015 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 3 (9).
    Did Donald Davidson agree with G.E.M. Anscombe that action requires a distinctive form of agential awareness? The answer is No, at least according to the standard interpretation of Davidson’s account of action. A careful study of Davidson’s early writings, however, reveals a much more subtle conception of the role of agential belief in action. While the role of the general belief in Davidson’s theory is familiar and has been much discussed, virtually no attention has been paid to the singular belief. (...)
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  16. Knowledge and Understanding.David Hunter - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (5):542–546.
    Some philosophical proposals seem to die hard. In a recent paper, Jason Stanley has worked to resurrect the description theory of reference, at least as it might apply to natural kind terms like ‘elm’ (Stanley, 1999). The theory’s founding idea is that to understand ‘elm’ one must know a uniquely identifying truth about elms. Famously, Hilary Putnam showed that ordinary users of ‘elm’ may understand it while lacking such knowledge, and may even be unable to distinguish elms from beeches (Putnam, (...)
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  17.  17
    How to Object to Radically New Technologies on the Basis of Justice: The Case of Synthetic Biology.David Hunter - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (8):426-434.
    A recurring objection to the exploration, development and deployment of radical new technologies is based on their implications with regards to social justice. In this article, using synthetic biology as an example, I explore this line of objection and how we ought to think about justice in the context of the development and introduction of radically new technologies. I argue that contrary to popular opinion, justice rarely provides a reason not to investigate, develop and introduce radical new technologies, although it (...)
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  18.  63
    Introduction.David Hunter & Gurpreet Rattan - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5-6):515-517.
    (2013). Introduction. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 515-517.
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  19. Is Thinking an Action?David Hunter - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):133-148.
    I argue that entertaining a proposition is not an action. Such events do not have intentional explanations and cannot be evaluated as rational or not. In these respects they contrast with assertions and compare well with perceptual events. One can control what one thinks by doing something, most familiarly by reciting a sentence. But even then the event of entertaining the proposition is not an action, though it is an event one has caused to happen, much as one might cause (...)
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  20. Finding True Love Online.David Hunter - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (2):71-71.
  21.  9
    Belief and Agency.David Hunter (ed.) - 2011 - University of Calgary Press.
    "Most of the papers in this volume (all except for those by Steinberg, Haase, and Street) were presented at a conference...at Ryerson University in October of 2010."--p. xvii.
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  22.  15
    Is There a Nocebo Response That Results From Disease Awareness Campaigns and Advertising in Australia, and Can This Effect Be Mitigated?Stuart Benson & David Hunter - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):621-625.
    Direct-to-consumer advertising is banned in Australia, and instead pharmaceutical companies use disease awareness campaigns as a strategy to raise public awareness of conditions for which the company produces a treatment. This practice has been justified by promoting individual autonomy and public health, but it has attracted criticism regarding medicalisation of normal health and ageing, and exaggeration of the severity of the condition in question, imbalanced reporting of risks and benefits, and damaging the patient–clinician relationship. While there are benefits of disease (...)
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  23.  83
    Belief Ascription and Context Dependence.David Hunter - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (12):902-911.
    This article considers the question whether belief ascriptions exhibit context dependence. I first distinguish two potential forms of context dependence in belief ascription. Propositional context dependence concerns what the subject believes, whereas attitudinal context dependence concerns what it is to believe a proposition. I then discuss three potential sources of PCD and two potential sources of ACD. Given the nature of this article, my discussion will provide only an overview of these various forms and sources of context dependence. Along the (...)
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  24. Are New Genetic Technologies Unlucky for Luck Egalitarianism.David Hunter - 2012 - Ethical Perspectives 19 (1):33-54.
    New genetic technologies can not only be used to ‘cure’ many significant healthcare conditions, but at least potentially they can be used in ways that either change the user’s identity significantly and/or cause a different person to come into existence. It might be argued that these technologies present a challenge for Luck Egalitarians – the essence of this challenge being the claim that, given a commitment towards luck neutralisation, a Luck Egalitarian ought to be committed to equalisation of talent using (...)
     
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  25.  21
    Practical Reasoning and the First Person.David Hunter - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):677-700.
    I argue that while practical reasoning is essentially first personal it does not require having essentially first personal thoughts. I start with an example of good practical reasoning. Because there is debate about what practical reasoning is, I discuss how different sides in those debates can accommodate my example. I then consider whether my example involves essentially first personal thoughts. It is not always clear what philosophers who would claim that it must have in mind. I identify two features of (...)
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  26.  12
    Can Research Ethics Committees Stop Unethical International Trials?David Hunter - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (2):66-68.
  27.  14
    Is There a Case for a Distinction Between Ethics and Policy?David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):24-25.
  28.  19
    Editorial: The Publication of Unethical Research.David Hunter - 2012 - Research Ethics 8 (2):67-70.
  29. Mind-Brain Identity and the Nature of States.David Hunter - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):366 – 376.
  30.  13
    How Not to Argue Against Mandatory Ethics Review.David Hunter - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):521-524.
    There is considerable controversy about the mandatory ethics review of research. This paper engages with the arguments offered by Murray Dyck and Gary Allen against mandatory review, namely, that this regulation fails to reach the standards that research ethics committees apply to research since it is harmful to the ethics of researchers, has little positive evidence base, leads to significant harms (through delaying valuable research) and distorts the nature of research. As these are commonplace arguments offered by researchers against regulation (...)
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  31.  74
    Belief and Self‐Consciousness.David Hunter - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (5):673 – 693.
    This paper is about what is distinctive about first-person beliefs. I discuss several sets of puzzling cases of first-person belief. The first focus on the relation between belief and action, while the second focus on the relation of belief to subjectivity. I argue that in the absence of an explanation of the dispositional difference, individuating such beliefs more finely than truth conditions merely marks the difference. I argue that the puzzles reveal a difference in the ways that I am disposed (...)
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  32.  14
    Rationing and Evidence‐Based Medicine.David J. Hunter - 1996 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (1):5-8.
  33. Editor's Choice: Issue 3, 2011.David Hunter - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (3):81-81.
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  34. Risks Versus Benefits is Like Apples Versus Oranges.David Hunter - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (3):79-80.
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  35. Facebook Recruitment: A Hypothetical Study.David Hunter - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (1):28-28.
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  36.  9
    We Could Be Heroes: Ethical Issues with the Pre-Recruitment of Research Participants.David Hunter - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):557-558.
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  37. New Beginnings — Part Two.David Hunter - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (4):119-119.
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  38.  61
    Consciousness and Conceivability, a Critical Notice of John Perry's *Knowledge, Possibility and Consciousness*. [REVIEW]David A. Hunter - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (2):285-304.
    The thesis that anything conceivable is possible plays a central role in philosophical debates about the self. Discussions about free will have focused, at least in the last hundred years, on whether a free yet determined action is conceivable. If it is, and if anything conceivable is possible, then a deterministic physics would by itself pose no obstacle to human freedom. Current debates about the nature and value of personal survival turn on whether it is conceivable for a person to (...)
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  39.  41
    Augustinian Pessimism?: A New Look At Augustine’s Teaching On Sex, Marriage and Celibacy.David G. Hunter - 1994 - Augustinian Studies 25:153-177.
  40.  11
    Placebos and Moral Perils for Participants.David Hunter - 2006 - Research Ethics 2 (2):71-72.
    Research ethics committees should ensure that there has been a direct enquiry into research participants' moral and spiritual beliefs so as to ensure that volunteers are not inadvertently being led into doing things that might contravene their beliefs.
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  41.  10
    SUPPORT Case Commentary.David Hunter - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (1):60-61.
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  42. Webnote: The Work of Phase I Ethics Committees: Expert and Lay Membership.David Hunter - 2013 - Research Ethics 9 (3):146-146.
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  43.  18
    Acknowledgement of External Reviewers for 2002.Sven Arvidson, John Barresi, Tim Bayne, Pierre Bovet, Andrew Brook, Andy Clark, Lester Embree, William Friedman, Peter Goldie & David Hunter - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (95):151-152.
  44.  3
    Lacking, Needing, and Wanting.David Hunter - forthcoming - Analytic Philosophy.
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  45. New Beginnings.David Hunter & Sarah Edwards - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (1):1-3.
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  46. Contextualism, Skepticism and Objectivity.David Hunter - 2007 - In R. Stainton & C. Viger (eds.), Compositionality, Context, and Semantic Values: Essays in Honor of Ernie Lepore.
    In this paper, I try to make sense of the idea that true knowledge attributions characterize something that is more valuable than true belief and that survives even if, as Contextualism implies, contextual changes make it no longer identifiable by a knowledge attribution. I begin by sketching a familiar, pragmatic picture of assertion that helps us to understand and predict how the words “S knows that P” can be used to draw different epistemic distinctions in different contexts. I then argue (...)
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  47.  83
    Editorial: Research Ethics in Space.David Hunter - 2013 - Research Ethics 9 (4):150-152.
  48. Common Ground and Modal Disagreement.David Hunter - 2007 - In H. V. Hanson (ed.), Dissensus and the Search for Common Ground. pp. 134-143.
    The common ground in an inquiry consists of what the participants agree on, at least for the sake of the inquiry. The relations between the factual and linguistic components of common ground are notoriously difficult to trace. I clarify them by exploring how modal disagreements – disagreements about how things might be – interact with the linguistic and the factual common ground. I argue that modal agreement is essential to common ground of any kind.
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  49. Definition in Frege's' Foundations of Arithmetic'.David A. Hunter - 1996 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 77 (2):88-107.
  50.  50
    Beliefs and Dispositions.David Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Research 34:243-262.
    This paper is about the dispositional difference that demonstrative and indexical beliefs make. More specifically, it is about the dispositional difference between my believing that NN is P and my believing that I, myself, am P. Identifying a dispositional difference in this kind of case is especially challenging because those beliefs have the very same truth conditions. My question is this: how can a difference in belief that makes no difference to one’s conception of the world nonetheless make a difference (...)
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