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David Hunter
Ryerson University
David Leslie Harold Hunter
University of Birmingham
  1.  78
    Research Exceptionalism.James Wilson & David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):45-54.
    Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a (...)
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  2. Alienated Belief.David Hunter - 2011 - Dialectica 65 (2):221-240.
    This paper argues that it is possible to knowingly believe something while judging that one ought not to believe it and (so) viewing the belief as manifesting a sort of failure. I offer examples showing that such ‘alienated belief’ has several potential sources. I contrast alienated belief with self-deception, incontinent (or akratic) belief and half-belief. I argue that the possibility of alienated belief is compatible with the so-called ‘transparency’ of first-person reflection on belief, and that the descriptive and expressive difficulties (...)
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  3.  13
    Are Generational Welfare Trades Always Unjust?Walter Veit, Julian Savulescu, David Hunter, Brian D. Earp & Dominic Wilkinson - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (9):70-72.
    Volume 20, Issue 9, September 2020, Page 70-72.
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  4.  49
    Rule-Following and Realism. [REVIEW]David Hunter - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):425.
    Ebbs’s aim is to “come to terms with and move beyond currently entrenched ways of looking at central topics in the philosophy of language and mind”. The entrenched perspectives are Metaphysical Realism, the view that “we can make ‘objective’ assertions only if we can ‘grasp’ metaphysically independent ‘truth conditions”’, and Scientific Naturalism, “Quine’s view that ‘it is within science itself that reality is to be identified and described”’. Ebbs intends to replace these with what he calls the “Participant Perspective,” from (...)
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  5. Understanding and Belief.David Hunter - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):559-580.
    A natural view is that linguistic understanding is a source of justification or evidence: that beliefs about the meaning of a text or speech act are prima facie justified when based on states of understanding. Neglect of this view is largely due to the widely held assumption that understanding a text or speech act consists in knowledge or belief. It is argued that this assumption rests, in part, on confusing occurrent states of understanding and dispositions to understand. It is then (...)
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  6. Soames and Widescopism.David Hunter - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 123 (3):231 - 241.
    Widescopism, as I call it, holds that names are synonymous with descriptions that are required to take wide scope over modal adverbs. Scott Soames has recently argued that Widescopism is false. He identifies an argument that is valid but which, he claims, a defender of Widescopism must say has true premises and a false conclusion. I argue, first, that a defender of Widescopism need not in fact say that the target arguments conclusion is false. Soames argument that she must confuses, (...)
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  7.  27
    Understanding and Belief.David Hunter - 1998 - Philosophical and Phenomenological Research 58 (3):559-580.
    A natural view is that linguistic understanding is a source of justification or evidence: that beliefs about the meaning of a text or speech act are prima facie justified when based on states of understanding. Neglect of this view is largely due to the widely held assumption that understanding a text or speech act consists in knowledge or belief. It is argued that this assumption rests, in part, on confusing occurrent states of understanding and dispositions to understand. It is then (...)
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  8.  61
    Guidance and Belief.David Hunter - 2009 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 39 (S1):63-90.
  9.  32
    The Metaphysics of Responsible Believing.David Hunter - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):255-285.
    Contemporary philosophy of mind has tended to make the believer disappear. In response, Matt Boyle and Pamela Hieronymi have argued that believing is an act or activity, not a mental state. I argue that this response fails to fully critique contemporary accounts of believing. Such accounts assume that states of believing are particulars; with semantic properties; that we attend to in reflection and act on in inference; and with a rich causal life of their own. Together, these assumptions leave no (...)
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  10.  8
    The Roles of Research Ethics Committees: Implications for Membership.David Hunter - 2007 - Research Ethics 3 (1):24-26.
    In this brief paper I intend to make some distinctions between the activities that research ethics committees are required to undertake as part of their role in protecting research participants. These functions are, identifying ethical issues and risks within research projects, providing advice on how to resolve these issues and risks without compromising the validity of the research and finally, when this cannot be achieved, deciding whether the research should still be allowed to go ahead. Distinguishing these distinct functions allows (...)
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  11.  15
    Is There a Nocebo Response That Results From Disease Awareness Campaigns and Advertising in Australia, and Can This Effect Be Mitigated?Stuart Benson & David Hunter - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (9):621-625.
    Direct-to-consumer advertising is banned in Australia, and instead pharmaceutical companies use disease awareness campaigns as a strategy to raise public awareness of conditions for which the company produces a treatment. This practice has been justified by promoting individual autonomy and public health, but it has attracted criticism regarding medicalisation of normal health and ageing, and exaggeration of the severity of the condition in question, imbalanced reporting of risks and benefits, and damaging the patient–clinician relationship. While there are benefits of disease (...)
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  12.  16
    How to Object to Radically New Technologies on the Basis of Justice: The Case of Synthetic Biology.David Hunter - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (8):426-434.
    A recurring objection to the exploration, development and deployment of radical new technologies is based on their implications with regards to social justice. In this article, using synthetic biology as an example, I explore this line of objection and how we ought to think about justice in the context of the development and introduction of radically new technologies. I argue that contrary to popular opinion, justice rarely provides a reason not to investigate, develop and introduce radical new technologies, although it (...)
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  13. Belief and Agency.David Hunter (ed.) - 2011 - University of Calgary Press.
  14. Is Thinking an Action?David Hunter - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (2):133-148.
    I argue that entertaining a proposition is not an action. Such events do not have intentional explanations and cannot be evaluated as rational or not. In these respects they contrast with assertions and compare well with perceptual events. One can control what one thinks by doing something, most familiarly by reciting a sentence. But even then the event of entertaining the proposition is not an action, though it is an event one has caused to happen, much as one might cause (...)
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  15.  19
    Practical Reasoning and the First Person.David Hunter - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):677-700.
    I argue that while practical reasoning is essentially first personal it does not require having essentially first personal thoughts. I start with an example of good practical reasoning. Because there is debate about what practical reasoning is, I discuss how different sides in those debates can accommodate my example. I then consider whether my example involves essentially first personal thoughts. It is not always clear what philosophers who would claim that it must have in mind. I identify two features of (...)
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  16. Knowledge and Understanding.David Hunter - 2001 - Mind and Language 16 (5):542–546.
    Some philosophical proposals seem to die hard. In a recent paper, Jason Stanley has worked to resurrect the description theory of reference, at least as it might apply to natural kind terms like ‘elm’ (Stanley, 1999). The theory’s founding idea is that to understand ‘elm’ one must know a uniquely identifying truth about elms. Famously, Hilary Putnam showed that ordinary users of ‘elm’ may understand it while lacking such knowledge, and may even be unable to distinguish elms from beeches (Putnam, (...)
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  17.  18
    Editorial: The Publication of Unethical Research.David Hunter - 2012 - Research Ethics 8 (2):67-70.
  18.  14
    Is There a Case for a Distinction Between Ethics and Policy?David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):24-25.
  19.  13
    How Not to Argue Against Mandatory Ethics Review.David Hunter - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (8):521-524.
    There is considerable controversy about the mandatory ethics review of research. This paper engages with the arguments offered by Murray Dyck and Gary Allen against mandatory review, namely, that this regulation fails to reach the standards that research ethics committees apply to research since it is harmful to the ethics of researchers, has little positive evidence base, leads to significant harms (through delaying valuable research) and distorts the nature of research. As these are commonplace arguments offered by researchers against regulation (...)
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  20.  36
    Davidson on Practical Knowledge.David Hunter - 2015 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 3 (9).
    Did Donald Davidson agree with G.E.M. Anscombe that action requires a distinctive form of agential awareness? The answer is No, at least according to the standard interpretation of Davidson’s account of action. A careful study of Davidson’s early writings, however, reveals a much more subtle conception of the role of agential belief in action. While the role of the general belief in Davidson’s theory is familiar and has been much discussed, virtually no attention has been paid to the singular belief. (...)
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  21.  72
    Belief and Self‐Consciousness.David Hunter - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (5):673 – 693.
    This paper is about what is distinctive about first-person beliefs. I discuss several sets of puzzling cases of first-person belief. The first focus on the relation between belief and action, while the second focus on the relation of belief to subjectivity. I argue that in the absence of an explanation of the dispositional difference, individuating such beliefs more finely than truth conditions merely marks the difference. I argue that the puzzles reveal a difference in the ways that I am disposed (...)
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  22.  62
    Introduction.David Hunter & Gurpreet Rattan - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (5-6):515-517.
    (2013). Introduction. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 43, Essays on the Nature of Propositions, pp. 515-517.
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  23. Finding True Love Online.David Hunter - 2011 - Research Ethics 7 (2):71-71.
  24.  14
    Rationing and Evidence‐Based Medicine.David J. Hunter - 1996 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (1):5-8.
  25.  8
    We Could Be Heroes: Ethical Issues with the Pre-Recruitment of Research Participants.David Hunter - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):557-558.
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  26.  77
    Belief Ascription and Context Dependence.David Hunter - 2011 - Philosophy Compass 6 (12):902-911.
    This article considers the question whether belief ascriptions exhibit context dependence. I first distinguish two potential forms of context dependence in belief ascription. Propositional context dependence concerns what the subject believes, whereas attitudinal context dependence concerns what it is to believe a proposition. I then discuss three potential sources of PCD and two potential sources of ACD. Given the nature of this article, my discussion will provide only an overview of these various forms and sources of context dependence. Along the (...)
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  27. Mind-Brain Identity and the Nature of States.David Hunter - 2001 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):366 – 376.
  28.  11
    Can Research Ethics Committees Stop Unethical International Trials?David Hunter - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (2):66-68.
  29.  10
    SUPPORT Case Commentary.David Hunter - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (1):60-61.
  30.  11
    Placebos and Moral Perils for Participants.David Hunter - 2006 - Research Ethics 2 (2):71-72.
    Research ethics committees should ensure that there has been a direct enquiry into research participants' moral and spiritual beliefs so as to ensure that volunteers are not inadvertently being led into doing things that might contravene their beliefs.
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  31.  17
    Acknowledgement of External Reviewers for 2002.Sven Arvidson, John Barresi, Tim Bayne, Pierre Bovet, Andrew Brook, Andy Clark, Lester Embree, William Friedman, Peter Goldie & David Hunter - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (95):151-152.
  32. Contextualism, Skepticism and Objectivity.David Hunter - 2007 - In R. Stainton & C. Viger (eds.), Compositionality, Context, and Semantic Values: Essays in Honor of Ernie Lepore.
    In this paper, I try to make sense of the idea that true knowledge attributions characterize something that is more valuable than true belief and that survives even if, as Contextualism implies, contextual changes make it no longer identifiable by a knowledge attribution. I begin by sketching a familiar, pragmatic picture of assertion that helps us to understand and predict how the words “S knows that P” can be used to draw different epistemic distinctions in different contexts. I then argue (...)
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  33.  5
    Effective Practice.David J. Hunter - 1995 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1 (2):131-134.
  34.  99
    Understanding, Justification and the a Priori.David Hunter - 1997 - Philosophical Studies 87 (2):119-141.
    What I wish to consider here is how understanding something is related to the justification of beliefs about what it means. Suppose, for instance, that S understands the name “Clinton” and has a justified belief that it names Clinton. How is S’s understanding related to that belief’s justification? Or suppose that S understands the sentence “Clinton is President”, or Jones’ assertive utterance of it, and has a justified belief that that sentence expresses the proposition that Clinton is President, or that (...)
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  35.  19
    An Alternative University-Wide Model for the Ethical Review of Human Subject Research.David Hunter - 2006 - Research Ethics 2 (2):47-50.
    This paper is, in part, a response to the model of university-based human subjects ethics review described by Bryn Williams-Jones and Soren Holm in Research Ethics Review [1] and the current ethical review process at the University of Ulster [2]. In this paper the two predominant systems of ethical review within UK universities are described. It is argued that each of these systems has significant deficiencies. Having suggested why these two models are less than ideal, a “third way’ of ethical (...)
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  36.  11
    Commentary on Guarini.David Hunter - unknown
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  37.  5
    Bioethics and Vulnerability: A Latin American View – By Florencia Luna.David Hunter - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (3):242-243.
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  38.  6
    Using the Community of Inquiry Methodology in Teaching Bioethics: A Focus on Skills Development.David L. Hunter - 2008 - Monash Bioethics Review 27 (1-2):33.
    The community of inquiry methodology was developed by Professor Matthew Lipman to enable the teaching of philosophy in schools. Lipman felt that inquiry-based learning was essential in schools because:Education should empower children to be thoughtful about the lives they lead, and doing philosophy is important to that goalThe community of inquiry is a powerful pedagogical tool to foster student engagement, critical thinking, and collaborative and affective skills development As such it can be useful in the bioethics dassroom. This article describes (...)
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  39.  42
    Gabriel Segal's a Slim Book About Narrow Content. [REVIEW]David Hunter - 2003 - Noûs 37 (4):724–745.
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  40.  16
    Binocular Summation and Suppression of Contrast Sensitivity in Strabismus, Fusion and Amblyopia.Michael Dorr, MiYoung Kwon, Luis Andres Lesmes, Alexandra Miller, Melanie Kazlas, Kimberley Chan, David G. Hunter, Zhong-Lin Lu & Peter J. Bex - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13.
  41. The Oxford Handbook of Early Christian Studies.Susan Ashbrook Harvey & David G. Hunter (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    A wide-ranging collection of authoritative accounts covering all major areas of current research in Early Christian studies by a distinguished team of international authors. It is thematically arranged to encompass the inter-disciplinary nature of the field, examining history, literature, thought, practices, and material culture.
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  42.  12
    An Apple a Day Keeps the Research Ethics Committee Away?David Hunter - 2015 - Research Ethics 11 (1):2-3.
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  43.  10
    Augustine’s Doubts on Divorce.David G. Hunter - 2017 - Augustinian Studies 48 (1):161-182.
    Augustine’s teaching on the indissolubility of marriage profoundly influenced the Western Christian tradition on the matter of divorce and remarriage. Augustine famously insisted that while divorce was allowed in limited circumstances, remarriage was prohibited for both the guilty and the innocent parties. Less frequently acknowledged is the degree to which Augustine expressed doubt about the validity of his own teaching. In this essay I argue that even though Augustine offered a strict interpretation of the biblical evidence, he did so only (...)
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  44. Are New Genetic Technologies Unlucky for Luck Egalitarianism.David Hunter - 2012 - Ethical Perspectives 19 (1):33-54.
    New genetic technologies can not only be used to ‘cure’ many significant healthcare conditions, but at least potentially they can be used in ways that either change the user’s identity significantly and/or cause a different person to come into existence. It might be argued that these technologies present a challenge for Luck Egalitarians – the essence of this challenge being the claim that, given a commitment towards luck neutralisation, a Luck Egalitarian ought to be committed to equalisation of talent using (...)
     
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  45.  37
    Augustinian Pessimism?David G. Hunter - 1994 - Augustinian Studies 25:153-177.
  46.  6
    Augustinian Pessimism?: A New Look At Augustine’s Teaching On Sex, Marriage and Celibacy.David G. Hunter - 1994 - Augustinian Studies 25:153-177.
  47. A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do and Believe.David Hunter - 2014 - Wiley.
    A thoroughly updated introduction to the concepts, methods, and standards of critical thinking, _A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do and Believe, Second Edition_ is a unique presentation of the formal strategies used when thinking through reasons and arguments in many areas of expertise. Pursuing an interdisciplinary approach to critical thinking, the book offers a broad conception of critical thinking and explores the practical relevance to conducting research across fields such as, business, education, and the biological sciences. (...)
     
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  48.  24
    Augustine, Sermon 354A: Its Place in His Thought on Marriage and Sexuality.David G. Hunter - 2002 - Augustinian Studies 33 (1):39-60.
  49.  47
    Beliefs and Dispositions.David Hunter - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Research 34:243-262.
    This paper is about the dispositional difference that demonstrative and indexical beliefs make. More specifically, it is about the dispositional difference between my believing that NN is P and my believing that I, myself, am P. Identifying a dispositional difference in this kind of case is especially challenging because those beliefs have the very same truth conditions. My question is this: how can a difference in belief that makes no difference to one’s conception of the world nonetheless make a difference (...)
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  50.  21
    Belief: A Pragmatic Picture By Aaron Z. Zimmerman. [REVIEW]David Hunter - 2019 - Analysis 79 (1):180-183.
    _ Belief: A Pragmatic Picture _ By ZimmermanAaron Z.Oxford University Press, 2018. viii + 180 pp.
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