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  1. Fichte's Republic: Idealism, History and Nationalism.David James - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Addresses to the German Nation is one of Fichte's best-known works. It is also his most controversial work because of its nationalist elements. In this book, David James places this text and its nationalism within the context provided by Fichte's philosophical, educational and moral project of creating a community governed by pure practical reason, in which his own foundational philosophical science or Wissenschaftslehre could achieve general recognition. Rather than marking a break in Fichte's philosophy, the Addresses to the German (...)
     
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  2.  43
    Fichte's Social and Political Philosophy: Property and Virtue.David James - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this study of Fichte's social and political philosophy, David James offers an interpretation of Fichte's most famous writings in this area, including his Foundations of Natural Right and Addresses to the German Nation, centred on two main themes: property and virtue. These themes provide the basis for a discussion of such issues as what it means to guarantee the freedom of all the citizens of a state, the problem of unequal relations of economic dependence between states, and the differences (...)
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  3.  42
    Conceptual Innovation in Fichte's Theory of Property: The Genesis of Leisure as an Object of Distributive Justice.David James - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (3):509-528.
    Fichte's definitions of property appear to diverge from modern common linguistic usage, especially his identification of leisure as the object of an absolute right of property, and they may even appear arbitrary. I argue that these definitions are not in fact arbitrary. Rather, any divergence from common linguistic usage can be explained in terms of a conceptual innovation which consists in expanding or modifying a concept by thinking it through, thereby generating new content. In the case of Fichte's theory of (...)
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  4.  16
    The Impact of Expert Visual Guidance on Trainee Visual Search Strategy, Visual Attention and Motor Skills.Daniel R. Leff, David R. C. James, Felipe Orihuela-Espina, Ka-Wai Kwok, Loi Wah Sun, George Mylonas, Thanos Athanasiou, Ara W. Darzi & Guang-Zhong Yang - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  5.  22
    The Compatibility of Freedom and Necessity in Marx's Idea of Communist Society.David James - 2017 - European Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):270-293.
    Taking a well-known passage from the third volume of Capital as my starting point, I explain on what grounds Marx thinks that freedom and necessity will be compatible in a communist society. The necessity in question concerns having to produce to satisfy material needs. Unlike some accounts of this issue, I argue that the compatibility of freedom and necessity in communist society has more to do with how production is organized than with the direct relation of the worker to the (...)
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  6.  56
    Independence and Property in Kant's Rechtslehre.David James - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (2):302-322.
    I argue that the freedom which is to coexist with the freedom of choice of others in accordance with a universal law mentioned in Kant's Rechtslehre is not itself freedom of choice. Rather, it is the independence which is a condition of being able to exercise genuine free choice by not having to act in accordance with the choices of others. Kant's distinction between active and passive citizenship appears, however, to undermine this idea of independence, because the possession of a (...)
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  7.  18
    Self-Mastery and Universal History: Horkheimer and Adorno on the Conditions of a Society ‘in Control of Itself’.David Neil James - 2017 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 43 (9):932-952.
    Horkheimer and Adorno make claims that imply a complete rejection of the idea of a universal history developed in classical German philosophy. Using Kant’s account of universal history, I argue that some features of the idea of a universal history can nevertheless be detected in the Dialectic of Enlightenment and some of Adorno’s remarks on freedom and history. This is done in connection with the kind of rational self-mastery that they associate with the story of Odysseus. Some claims made by (...)
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  8.  18
    Marx's Genealogy of the Idea of Equality.David James - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (4):898-911.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  9.  61
    Hegel and the Transformation of Philosophical Critique.David James - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (3):390-392.
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  10.  39
    From Kant to Sade: A Fragment of the History of Philosophy in the Dialectic of Enlightenment.David James - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (3):557-577.
    In this paper, I set out to consider the extent to which Horkheimer and Adorno's account of the transition from Kant's philosophy to key features of the novels of the Marquis de Sade in the Second Excursus of their Dialectic of Enlightenment can be viewed as a fragment of the ‘history of philosophy’ and to explain this account in a way that allows us to ask whether it succeeds in establishing a necessary connection between Kant's philosophy and Sade's novels. In (...)
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  11.  69
    The Significance of Kierkegaard's Interpretation of Don Giovanni in Relation to Hegel's Philosophy of Art.David James - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 16 (1):147 – 162.
    (2008). The significance of kierkegaard's interpretation of Don Giovanni in relation to Hegel's philosophy of art1. British Journal for the History of Philosophy: Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 147-162.
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  12.  28
    Fichte's Theory of Property.David James - 2010 - European Journal of Political Theory 9 (2):202-217.
    I discuss J. G. Fichte’s theory of property and its implications in relation to the claim made by C. B. Macpherson that, by broadening the meaning of the term ‘property’, it becomes possible to reconcile two principles of liberal democratic theory that seem to be at odds with each other: the right to property, understood as the right to exclude others from the use or benefit of something, and the right to use and develop one’s capacities. I argue that Fichte’s (...)
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  13.  22
    Rousseau on Needs, Language and Pity: The Limits of 'Public Reason'.David James - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (3):372-393.
    The idea of ‘public reason’ has recently been associated with Rousseau’s views on the formation of a general will. Advocates of this idea in the Kantian tradition tend to emphasize reflective acts of rational deliberation which, I suggest, are more suited to written than to spoken language. Rousseau’s accounts of the role of spoken language as a means of expressing human needs and the role of pity in the development of a moral form of reasoning, which allows one properly to (...)
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  14.  29
    Kant on Ideal Friendship in the Doctrine of Virtue.David James - 1995 - Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress 2:557-565.
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  15.  38
    Practical Necessity and the Fulfilment of the Plan of Nature in Kant’s Idea for a Universal History.David James - 2017 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 13 (1):42-65.
    _ Source: _Page Count 25 I explore the role of practical necessity in Kant’s essay _Idea for a Universal History with a Cosmopolitan Aim_. This form of necessity arises on the basis of social and interstate antagonism and Kant appeals to it with the aim of avoiding the introduction of a standpoint that is external to the agents whose attitudes and actions are being described. In connection with the role that Kant accords to practical necessity in the establishment of the (...)
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  16.  37
    Reading Rousseau's Second Discourse in the Light of the Question: What is the Source of Social Inequality?David James - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (1):238-260.
    Rousseau has been cast as someone who is primarily interested in developing a normative social and political philosophy based on the idea of a non-inflamed form of amour-propre, which consists in a desire for equal, as opposed to superior, social standing. On this basis it has been argued that inflamed amour-propre is the principal source of social inequality in his Second Discourse and that the normative aspects of this text can be largely isolated from its descriptive ones. I argue against (...)
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  17.  30
    Suicide and Stoic Ethics in the Doctrine of Virtue.David N. James - 1998 - Kant-Studien 90 (1):40-58.
  18.  94
    The 'Self-Positing' Self in Kierkegaard's The Sickness Unto Death.David James - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (5):587 - 598.
    In response to the claim that Kierkegaard's highly compressed definition of the self, given near the beginning of The Sickness unto Death, should be understood in Hegelian terms, I show that it can be better understood in terms of an earlier development in the history of German idealism, namely, Fichte's theory of self-consciousness. The notion that the self ?posits? itself found in this theory will be used to explain Kierkegaard's definition of the self, including his rejection of the idea that (...)
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  19.  13
    Fichte's Reappraisal of Kant's Theory of Cosmopolitan Right.David James - 2010 - History of European Ideas 36 (1):61-70.
    I argue that although in the Foundations of Natural Right Fichte adopts a theory of cosmopolitan right that is in a number of important respects formally identical to the one developed by Kant, he later came in The Closed Commercial State to reassess his earlier Kantian cosmopolitanism. This work can in fact be seen to identify a problem with Kant's cosmopolitanism, namely, Kant's failure to recognize the possibility of an indirect form of coercion based on unequal relations of economic dependence. (...)
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  20.  19
    Fichte's Ethical Thought, by Allen Wood, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016, 352 Pp. ISBN 9780198766889 Hb £30.00. [REVIEW]David James - 2018 - European Journal of Philosophy 26 (2):893-896.
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  21.  28
    Artificial Insemination: A Reexamination.David N. James - 1988 - Philosophy and Theology 2 (4):305-326.
    This paper is a comprehensive examination of the ethical issues surrounding artificial insemination. The interests of parents, AI children and society are identified and compared, and a variety of arguments for and against AIH and AID are examined. Although various criticisms of the natural law position are offered, this paper comes to the similar conclusion that donor artiricial insemination is not morally justified.
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  22.  7
    Fichte's Jacobinism.David James - 2008 - History of European Ideas 34 (1):104-115.
    I consider the extent to which Fichte might be classed as a German Jacobin. I argue that if we think of the history of Jacobinism as being driven by two main forces, a concern for private rights and a concern for the public good, then Fichte might be classed as a Jacobin because his ethical and political thought combines these two concerns. I also suggest that his argument for the right of existence in the Foundations of Natural Right and his (...)
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  23.  34
    The Acquisition of Virtue.David N. James - 1986 - The Personalist Forum 2 (2):101-121.
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  24.  68
    Rousseau on Dependence and the Formation of Political Society.David James - 2013 - European Journal of Philosophy 21 (3):343-366.
    : I explore Rousseau's account of the problem of dependence by means of an analysis of the distinction he makes between dependence on things and dependence on men. With reference to his Second Discourse, I argue that dependence on things alone exists only in the case of primitive man in the earliest stages of the state of nature, while dependence on men is more properly to be understood as dependence on other human beings as mediated by dependence on things. I (...)
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  25.  18
    On Colorizing Films: A Venture Into Applied Aesthetics.David N. James - 1989 - Metaphilosophy 20 (3-4):332-340.
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  26.  13
    The Friendship Model:A Reply to Illingworth.David N. James - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (2):142–146.
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  27.  6
    From Kant to Sade : A Fragment of the History of Philosophy in the Dialectic of Enlightenment.David James - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (3):557-577.
    In this paper, I set out to consider the extent to which Horkheimer and Adorno's account of the transition from Kant's philosophy to key features of the novels of the Marquis de Sade in the Second Excursus of their Dialectic of Enlightenment can be viewed as a fragment of the ‘history of philosophy’ and to explain this account in a way that allows us to ask whether it succeeds in establishing a necessary connection between Kant's philosophy and Sade's novels. In (...)
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  28. The Absolute Paradox. Kierkegaard’s Argument Against Hegel’s Account of the Relation of Faith to Philosophy.David James - 2007 - Kierkegaardiana 24.
     
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  29.  31
    Twenty Questions: Kant's Applied Ethics.David N. James - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (3):67-87.
  30. The Role Of Modern Irony In Hegel's Philosophy Of Right: Graduate Essay Prize Runner Up.David James - 2004 - Bulletin of the Hegel Society of Great Britain 49:127-138.
     
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  31.  43
    Kant’s Virtue Ethics and the Cultivation of Moral Skills.David N. James - 1991 - Social Philosophy Today 6:29-41.
  32.  39
    Fichte on the Vocation of the Scholar and the (Mis)Use of History.David James - 2010 - Review of Metaphysics 63 (3):539-566.
    In his early Some Lectures concerning the Scholar’s Vocation, J. G. Fichte developed an account of the social role of the scholar. This role concerns the task of furthering human culture and progress, which Fichte considers to be a moral duty for the scholar. In these lectures, Fichte also outlined the capabilities and knowledge that the scholar needs in order to be able to fulfill the task in question, including the possession of historical knowledge. The article argues that the later (...)
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  33.  10
    Art and Ethical Life: The Social and Historical Background to Hegel's Reflections on Ancient and Modern Literature in the MIT- and Nachschriften of His Lectures on Aesthetics.David James - 2010 - Hegel Bulletin 31 (2):83-100.
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  34.  33
    Subjective Freedom and Necessity in Hegel's Philosophy of Right.David James - 2012 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 59 (131):41-63.
    Hegel associates 'subjective' freedom with various rights, all of which concern the subject's particularity, and with the demand that this particularity be accorded proper recognition within the modern state. I show that Hegel's account of subjective freedom can be assimilated to the 'positive' model of freedom that is often attributed to him because of the way in which the objective determinations of right recognise the subject's particularity in the form of individual welfare. To this extent, the practical constraints to which (...)
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  35.  46
    Civil Society and Literature: Hegel and Lukács on the Possibility of a Modern Epic.David James - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (2):205-221.
    It is claimed that Hegel denies the possibility of a modern epic and that his lectures on aesthetics demand the condemnation of all the art of his own time. I use the available student transcripts of his lectures on aesthetics, in conjunction with Lukács's views on the novel, to show that Hegel suggests that the novel might count as a modern epic and that it may perform a significant function in modern ethical life (Sittlichkeit) as presented in his own philosophy (...)
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  36.  26
    The Closed Commercial State: Perpetual Peace and Commercial Society From Rousseau to Fichte.David James - 2014 - The European Legacy 19 (1):122-124.
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  37.  20
    The Concept of Practical Necessity From Thucydides to Marx.David James - 2014 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 61 (138):1-17.
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  38.  20
    From the Age of Heroes to the Prose of Everyday Life: Hegel on the Differences Between the Original and the Modern Epic.David James - 2006 - History of European Ideas 32 (2):190-204.
    I offer an interpretation of Hegel's account of the essential differences between the original epic and the modern epic which supports two claims that have been made on the basis of the available student transcripts of Hegel's lectures on the philosophy of art: Hegel never asserted that art had come to an end in the sense of its having no further significance or interest in the modern world; and Hegel was keen to understand art as a cultural and historical phenomenon, (...)
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  39.  13
    The Transition From Art to Religion in Hegel’s Theory of Absolute Spirit.David James - 2007 - Dialogue 46 (2):265-286.
    ABSTRACT: I relate the aesthetic mediation of reason and the identity of religion and mythology found in the Earliest System-Programme of German Idealism to Hegel’s account of the transition from the ancient Greek religion of art to the revealed religion in his theory ofabsolute spirit. While this transition turns on the idea that the revealed religion mediates reason more adequately in virtue of its form, I argue that Hegel’s account of the limitations of religious representational thought, when taken in conjunction (...)
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  40.  23
    Kant and Hegel on the Right of Rebellion.David James - 2006 - History of Political Thought 27 (2):331-348.
    I compare Kant's position on the issue as to whether there exists a right of rebellion with the position that can be attributed to Hegel on this issue. I argue that while Kant must concede that such a right exists when the state no longer respects what he calls the universal law of right. Hegel offers us grounds for thinking that a right of rebellion may exist even when the state has achieved the form of a Kantian Rechtstaat. I appeal (...)
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  41.  23
    Review: Fichte, Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation. [REVIEW]David James - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):315-317.
  42.  22
    Ectogenesis: A Reply to Singer and Wells.David N. James - 1987 - Bioethics 1 (1):80-99.
    The possibility of achieving ectogenesis, or the growing of a human fetus to term in an artificial womb, is approaching reality as a result of advances in treatment of premature newborns and in in vitro fertilization techniques. In their 1984 book, The Reproductive Revolution, issued in North America as Making Babies, Peter Singer and Deane Wells offered several arguments for ectogenesis. James examines their arguments and rejects two of them, that ectogenesis offers a less problematic alternative to surrogate motherhood, and (...)
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  43.  16
    Enlightenment and the Unconditional Good: From Fichte to the Frankfurt School.David James - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 24 (1):26-44.
    In a series of lectures from 1804–05, Johann Gottlieb Fichte sets out a conception of enlightenment whose basic structure is, I argue, to some extent reproduced in two more famous accounts of enlightenment found in post-Kantian German philosophy: Hegel’s account of the Enlightenment’s struggle with faith in his Phenomenology of Spirit and the conception of enlightenment rationality presented in Horkheimer and Adorno’s Dialectic of Enlightenment. The narrative I offer serves to highlight, moreover, the critical role played by the notion of (...)
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  44.  27
    J.G. Fichte and the Atheism Dispute (1798–1800).David James - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (6):1217-1221.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-4, Ahead of Print.
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  45.  15
    Allen W. Wood , The Free Development of Each: Studies on Freedom, Right, and Ethics in Classical German Philosophy . Reviewed By.David James - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (2):121-123.
  46.  30
    The Transition From Art to Religion in Hegel’s Theory of Absolute Spirit.David James - 2007 - Dialogue 46 (2):265-286.
    I relate the aesthetic mediation of reason and the identity of religion and mythology found in the Earliest System-Programme of German Idealism to Hegel’s account of the transition from the ancient Greek religion of art to the revealed religion (Christianity) in his theory ofabsolute spirit. While this transition turns on the idea that the revealed religion mediates reason more adequately in virtue of its form (i. e., representational thought), I argue that Hegel’s account of the limitations of religious representational thought, (...)
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  47.  25
    The Role of Evil in Kant's Liberalism.David James - 2012 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 55 (3):238-261.
    Abstract Carl Schmitt distinguishes between political theories in terms of whether they rest on the anthropological assumption that man is evil by nature or on the anthropological assumption that man is good by nature, and he claims that liberal political theory is based on the latter assumption. Contrary to this claim, I show how Kant's liberalism is shaped by his theory of the radical evil in human nature, and that his liberalism corresponds to the characterization of liberalism that Schmitt himself (...)
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  48.  10
    Subjective Freedom and Necessity in Hegel's Philosophy of Right.David James - 2012 - Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory 59:41-63.
    Hegel associates 'subjective' freedom with various rights, all of which concern the subject's particularity, and with the demand that this particularity be accorded proper recognition within the modern state. I show that Hegel's account of subjective freedom can be assimilated to the 'positive' model of freedom that is often attributed to him because of the way in which the objective determinations of right recognise the subject's particularity in the form of individual welfare. To this extent, the practical constraints to which (...)
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  49.  16
    Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Attempt at a Critique of All Revelation, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010, Pp. Xxxiv + 158, ISBN: 9780521112796 , 9780521130189. [REVIEW]David James - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):315-317.
  50.  5
    Hegel and Marx on the Necessity of the Reign of Terror.David James - forthcoming - Hegel Bulletin:1-22.
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