Results for 'David L. Gilbertson'

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  1.  29
    Ethical Principles Vs. Ethical Rules: The Moderating Effect of Moral Development on Audit Independence Judgments.Terri L. Herron & David L. Gilbertson - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (3):499-523.
    Recent calls have been made to move professional standards to a more principles-based perspective, supposing that emphasizing broad principles would eliminate the legalistic focus that rules may encourage, and accountants’ behavior would be more ethical and uniformly so. However, this supposition has yet to be empirically tested. The AICPA Code of Professional Conduct provides guidance in both forms: principles and rules. This experiment examines how the form of the Code affects independence judgments in a client acceptance context. We also examine (...)
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  2.  33
    Ethical Principles Vs. Ethical Rules: The Moderating Effect of Moral Development on Audit Independence Judgments.Terri L. Herron & David L. Gilbertson - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (3):499-523.
    Recent calls have been made to move professional standards to a more principles-based perspective, supposing that emphasizing broad principles would eliminate the legalistic focus that rules may encourage, and accountants’ behavior would be more ethical and uniformly so. However, this supposition has yet to be empirically tested. The AICPA Code of Professional Conduct provides guidance in both forms: principles and rules. This experiment examines how the form of the Code affects independence judgments in a client acceptance context. We also examine (...)
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  3.  28
    The Political Jurisprudence of Affirmative Action: DAVID L. KIRP.David L. Kirp - 1987 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (1):223-248.
    The headlines at the outset of 1987 told of Howard Beach, where a group of blacks had been chased, and one killed, because they had unwittingly entered a white enclave in New York City. And they told of Forsythe County, Georgia, where the mere presence of civil rights marchers, in a place from which blacks had been driven three-quarters of a century earlier, brought out depths of antagonism unknown since an earlier era of civil rights marches. Behind both events – (...)
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  4.  51
    The Polis and its Analogues in the Thought of Hannah Arendt: David L. Marshall.David L. Marshall - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):123-149.
    Criticized as a nostalgic anachronism by those who oppose her version of political theory and lauded as symbol of direct democratic participation by those who favor it, the Athenian polis features prominently in Hannah Arendt's account of politics. This essay traces the origin and development of Arendt's conception of the polis as a space of appearance from the early 1950s onward. It makes particular use of the Denktagebuch, Arendt's intellectual diary, in order to shed new light on the historicity of (...)
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  5.  22
    Physicalism and Immortality: DAVID L. MOUTON.David L. Mouton - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (1):45-53.
    To many it seems obvious that any reduction of the nature of man to purely physical components involves an indirect attack on the doctrine of human immortality. To so reduce human nature, it may be argued, is to eliminate the soul and it is this essential component of man, rather than his body, which is the foundation of his immortality. This seems to me an altogether mistaken notion. My purpose in this paper, therefore, is to clarify the relation of physicalism (...)
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  6.  88
    Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life.David L. Hull - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):435-438.
  7.  26
    The Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1973 - London: Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and many other branches of the biological sciences. The volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. The issues considered include the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project).
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  8.  4
    Philosophy of Biological Science.David L. Hull - 1974 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
    Compares classic and contemporary theories of genetics and evolution and explores the role of teleological thought in biology.
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  9. A Matter of Individuality.David L. Hull - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):335-360.
    Biological species have been treated traditionally as spatiotemporally unrestricted classes. If they are to perform the function which they do in the evolutionary process, they must be spatiotemporally localized individuals, historical entities. Reinterpreting biological species as historical entities solves several important anomalies in biology, in philosophy of biology, and within philosophy itself. It also has important implications for any attempt to present an "evolutionary" analysis of science and for sciences such as anthropology which are devoted to the study of single (...)
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  10.  64
    Thinking Through Confucius.David L. Hall & Roger T. Ames - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (2):241-254.
  11.  33
    Are Species Really Individuals?David L. Hull - 1976 - Systematic Zoology 25:174-191.
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  12. The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy—Two Thousand Years of Stasis.David L. Hull - 1964 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 15 (60):314-326.
  13.  29
    The Moral Individualism of Henry David Thoreau: David L. Norton.David L. Norton - 1985 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 19:239-253.
    Henry Thoreau boasted that he was widely travelled in Concord, Massachusetts. He was born there on 12 July 1817, and he died there on 6 May 1862, of tuberculosis, at the age of forty-four years. In 1837 he graduated from Harvard College, and in 1838 he joined Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, and others in the informal group that became known as the New England Transcendentalists. The author of four books, many essays and poems, and a voluminous journal, he is (...)
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  14.  5
    Individuality and Selection.David L. Hull - 1980 - Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11:311-332.
  15.  38
    The Metaphysics of Evolution.David L. Hull - 1989 - State University of New York Press.
    Extreme variation in the meaning of the term “species” throughout the history of biology has often frustrated attempts of historians, philosophers and biologists to communicate with one another about the transition in biological thinking from the static species concept to the modern notion of evolving species. The most important change which has underlain all the other fluctuations in the meaning of the word “species” is the change from it denoting such metaphysical entities as essences, Forms or Natures to denoting classes (...)
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  16.  23
    In Defense of the Somatic Mutation Theory of Cancer.David L. Vaux - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (5):341-343.
  17. The Effect of Essentialism on Taxonomy—Two Thousand Years of Stasis.David L. Hull - 1965 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (61):1-18.
  18.  52
    Science and Selection: Essays on Biological Evolution and the Philosophy of Science.David L. Hull - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    One way to understand science is as a selection process. David Hull, one of the dominant figures in contemporary philosophy of science, sets out in this 2001 volume a general analysis of this selection process that applies equally to biological evolution, the reaction of the immune system to antigens, operant learning, and social and conceptual change in science. Hull aims to distinguish between those characteristics that are contingent features of selection and those that are essential. Science and Selection brings (...)
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  19.  25
    Cell Phone-Induced Failures of Visual Attention During Simulated Driving.David L. Strayer, Frank A. Drews & William A. Johnston - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (1):23.
  20.  29
    Beyond Realism and Antirealism: John Dewey and the Neopragmatists.David L. Hildebrand - 2003 - Vanderbilt University Press.
    “Hildebrand has constructed a well-paced and historically informative evaluation of neopragmatism. . . . This book makes an excellent companion for courses in both contemporary epistemology and American philosophy.” –Choice How faithful are the Neopragmatists' reformulations of Classical Pragmatism? Can their Neopragmatisms work? In examining the difficulties in Neopragmatism, David L. Hildebrand is able to propose some distinct directions for Pragmatism.
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  21.  76
    Book Review: David L. Clough and Brian Stiltner, Faith and Force: A Christian Debate About War (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2007). 304 Pp. US$26.95/£15.95 (Pb), ISBN 978—1—58901—165—6. [REVIEW]David Haddorff - 2009 - Studies in Christian Ethics 22 (2):229-232.
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  22.  29
    Massively Parallel Parsing: A Strongly Interactive Model of Natural Language Interpretation.David L. Waltz & Jordan B. Pollack - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):51-74.
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  23. Units of Evolution: A Metaphysical Essay.David L. Hull - 1981 - In Uffe Juul Jensen & Rom Harré (eds.), The Philosophy of Evolution. St. Martin's Press. pp. 23--44.
     
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  24.  27
    Darwin’s Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life.David L. Hull - 1995 - Ethics 107 (1):170-174.
  25. On Human Nature.David L. Hull - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:3-13.
    If species are the things that evolve at least in large part through the action of natural selection, then both genetic and phenotypic variability are essential to biological species. If all species are variable, then Homo sapiens must be variable. Hence, it is very unlikely that the human species as a biological species can be characterized by a set of invariable traits. It might be the case that at this moment in evolutionary history, all human beings happen to possess a (...)
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  26.  50
    Phonological Recoding and Self-Teaching: Sine Qua Non of Reading Acquisition.David L. Share - 1995 - Cognition 55 (2):151-218.
  27.  38
    Central Subjects and Historical Narratives.David L. Hull - 1975 - History and Theory 14 (3):253-274.
    A central subject is the main strand around which the fabric of an historical narrative is woven. Such a subject must possess both spatial and temporal continuity. It is integrated into an historical entity through the relationship between those properties which make it an individual, and their interaction with the historical event. Scientific theory is useful in the reconstruction of past events and the definition of the central subject. Ideas used as central subjects present the problem of finding internal principles (...)
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  28.  43
    From Critical Sociology to Public Intellectual: Pierre Bourdieu and Politics. [REVIEW]David L. Swartz - 2003 - Theory and Society 32 (5-6):791-823.
  29.  92
    A General Account of Selection: Biology, Immunology, and Behavior.David L. Hull, Rodney E. Langman & Sigrid S. Glenn - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3):511-528.
    Authors frequently refer to gene-based selection in biological evolution, the reaction of the immune system to antigens, and operant learning as exemplifying selection processes in the same sense of this term. However, as obvious as this claim may seem on the surface, setting out an account of “selection” that is general enough to incorporate all three of these processes without becoming so general as to be vacuous is far from easy. In this target article, we set out such a general (...)
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  30.  49
    An Empirical Study of Environmental Awareness and Practices in SMEs.David L. Gadenne, Jessica Kennedy & Catherine McKeiver - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (1):45-63.
    With increasing awareness of environmental issues, there has been rising demand for environmental-friendly business practices. Prior research has shown that the implementation of environmental management practices is influenced by existing and potential stakeholder groups in the form of external pressures from legislators, environmental groups, financial institutions and suppliers, as well as internally by employees and owner/manager attitudes and knowledge. However, it has been reported that despite business owner/managers having strong “green” attitudes, the level of implementation of environmental-friendly practices is low. (...)
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  31.  11
    Vico and the Transformation of Rhetoric in Early Modern Europe.David L. Marshall - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Considered the most original thinker in the Italian philosophical tradition, Giambattista Vico has been the object of much scholarly attention but little consensus. In this new interpretation, David L. Marshall examines the entirety of Vico's oeuvre and situates him in the political context of early modern Naples. He demonstrates Vico's significance as a theorist who adapted the discipline of rhetoric to modern conditions. Marshall presents Vico's work as an effort to resolve a contradiction. As a professor of rhetoric at (...)
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  32.  59
    A Mechanism and its Metaphysics: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science. [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):123-155.
    The claim that conceptual systems change is a platitude. That our conceptual systems are theory-laden is no less platitudinous. Given evolutionary theory, biologists are led to divide up the living world into genes, organisms, species, etc. in a particular way. No theory-neutral individuation of individuals or partitioning of these individuals into natural kinds is possible. Parallel observations should hold for philosophical theories about scientific theories. In this paper I summarize a theory of scientific change which I set out in considerable (...)
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  33. Reduction in Genetics--Biology or Philosophy?David L. Hull - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):491-499.
    A belief common among philosophers and biologists alike is that Mendelian genetics has been or is in the process of being reduced to molecular genetics, in the sense of formal theory reduction current in the literature. The purpose of this paper is to show that there are numerous empirical and conceptual difficulties which stand in the way of establishing a systematic inferential relation between Mendelian and molecular genetics. These difficulties, however, have little to do with the traditional objections which have (...)
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  34.  23
    Separating Perceptual and Linguistic Effects of Context Shifts Upon Absolute Judgments.David L. Krantz & Donald T. Campbell - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (1):35.
  35.  37
    Pragmatic Objectivity in History, Journalism and Philosophy.David L. Hildebrand - 2011 - Southwest Philosophy Review 27 (1):1-20.
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  36.  29
    Genealogical Actors in Ecological Roles.David L. Hull - 1987 - Biology and Philosophy 2 (2):168-184.
  37. A Widely Accepted but Nonetheless Astonishingly Flimsy Argument Against Analytical Behaviorism.David L. Boyer - 1984 - Philosophia 14 (1-2):153-172.
  38.  31
    Genuine Doubt and the Community in Peirce’s Theory of Inquiry.David L. Hildebrand - 1996 - Southwest Philosophy Review 12 (1):33-43.
  39.  27
    The Metaphysics of Evolution.David L. Hull - 1967 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (4):309-337.
    Extreme variation in the meaning of the term “species” throughout the history of biology has often frustrated attempts of historians, philosophers and biologists to communicate with one another about the transition in biological thinking from the static species concept to the modern notion of evolving species. The most important change which has underlain all the other fluctuations in the meaning of the word “species” is the change from it denoting such metaphysical entities as essences, Forms or Natures to denoting classes (...)
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  40. Chuang-Tzu: The Seven Inner Chapters and Other Writings From the Book Chuang-tzuChuang-Tzu: Textual Notes to a Partial Translation.David L. Hall & A. C. Graham - 1984 - Philosophy East and West 34 (3):329.
  41. On the Plurality of Species: Questioning the Party Line.David L. Hull - 1999 - In R. Wilson (ed.), Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. MIT Press. pp. 23-48.
  42.  24
    Factors Influencing the Latency of Simple Reaction Time.David L. Woods, John M. Wyma, E. William Yund, Timothy J. Herron & Bruce Reed - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  43.  90
    Bayes Not Bust! Why Simplicity Is No Problem for Bayesians.David L. Dowe, Steve Gardner & and Graham Oppy - 2007 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 58 (4):709 - 754.
    The advent of formal definitions of the simplicity of a theory has important implications for model selection. But what is the best way to define simplicity? Forster and Sober ([1994]) advocate the use of Akaike's Information Criterion (AIC), a non-Bayesian formalisation of the notion of simplicity. This forms an important part of their wider attack on Bayesianism in the philosophy of science. We defend a Bayesian alternative: the simplicity of a theory is to be characterised in terms of Wallace's Minimum (...)
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  44.  43
    Linking Social Issues to Organizational Impact: The Role of Infomediaries and the Infomediary Process.David L. Deephouse & Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):541-553.
    When do organizations decide to ‘adopt’ a given social issue such that they come to acknowledge it in their patterns of action and communication? Traditional answers to this question have focused either on the characteristics of the issue itself, or on the traits of the focal organization. In many cases, however, a firm’s decision to adopt or ignore an issue is not a straightforward function of firm or issue characteristics. Instead, we view issue adoption as a socially constructed process of (...)
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  45.  39
    A Period of Development: A Response.David L. Hull - 1988 - Biology and Philosophy 3 (2):241-263.
  46.  78
    What Philosophy of Biology is Not.David L. Hull - 1969 - Synthese 20 (2):157 - 184.
  47.  35
    A Twelve‐Step Program for Evolving Multicellularity and a Division of Labor.David L. Kirk - 2005 - Bioessays 27 (3):299-310.
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  48.  9
    Cognitive Emissions of 1/F Noise.David L. Gilden - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):33-56.
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  49.  51
    Perceiving Persons and Groups.David L. Hamilton & Steven J. Sherman - 1996 - Psychological Review 103 (2):336-355.
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  50. Interpretation the Poetry of Meaning; [Essays] Edited by Stanley Romaine Hopper and David L. Miller.Stanley Romaine Hopper & David L. Miller - 1967 - Harcourt, Brace & World.
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