Results for 'David L. Kurtz'

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  1.  57
    Ethics gap: Comparing marketers with consumers on important determinants of ethical decision-making. [REVIEW]Anusorn Singhapakdi, Scott J. Vitell, C. P. Rao & David L. Kurtz - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 21 (4):317 - 328.
    Studies in marketing ethics often revealed that ethical gaps do exist between marketers and other groups in society. The existence of these ethical gaps could be extremely counterproductive for marketing management. In order to effectively narrow these gaps, a marketing manager must first have a better understanding of causes of these gaps. To this end, this study compares marketing professionals with consumers on some important determinants of the ethical decision-making process. In particular, the marketers and consumers were compared with respect (...)
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  2.  46
    The philosophy of biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1998 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, and many other branches of the biological sciences. The volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. The issues considered include the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project).
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  3.  20
    Vico and the transformation of rhetoric in early modern Europe.David L. Marshall - 2010 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Considered the most original thinker in the Italian philosophical tradition, Giambattista Vico has been the object of much scholarly attention but little consensus. In this new interpretation, David L. Marshall examines the entirety of Vico's oeuvre and situates him in the political context of early modern Naples. He demonstrates Vico's significance as a theorist who adapted the discipline of rhetoric to modern conditions. Marshall presents Vico's work as an effort to resolve a contradiction. As a professor of rhetoric at (...)
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  4.  4
    Science and religion: opposing viewpoints.David L. Bender - 1981 - St. Paul, Minn.: Greenhaven Press. Edited by Bruno Leone.
    Presents opposing viewpoints about the relationship between religion and science, both historically and in the present.
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  5. Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life.David L. Hull - 1997 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 48 (3):435-438.
  6. 'Introduction to part V.David L. Hull - 1998 - In David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.), The philosophy of biology. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 295--299.
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  7. Two Views on the Cognitive Brain.David L. Barack & John Krakauer - 2021 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 22 (6).
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  8.  13
    Curious visions of modernity: enchantment, magic, and the sacred.David L. Martin - 2012 - London Mass.: MIT Press.
    Martin traces the genealogies of what he considers three of the most distinct and historically immediate fields of modern visual culture: the collection, the body, and the mapping of spaces.
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  9.  13
    Curious visions of modernity: enchantment, magic, and the sacred.David L. Martin - 2012 - London Mass.: MIT Press.
    Martin traces the genealogies of what he considers three of the most distinct and historically immediate fields of modern visual culture: the collection, the ...
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  10. Psa 1994 : Proceedings of the 1994 Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association.David L. Association, Michael Hull & R. M. Forbes - 1994
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  11.  42
    Why Did Darwin Fail? The Role of John Stuart Mill.David L. Hull - 1999 - In Richard Creath & Jane Maienschein (eds.), Biology and epistemology. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 48.
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  12.  41
    Science as a Process: An Evolutionary Account of the Social and Conceptual Development of Science.David L. Hull - 1988 - University of Chicago Press.
    "Legend is overdue for replacement, and an adequate replacement must attend to the process of science as carefully as Hull has done. I share his vision of a serious account of the social and intellectual dynamics of science that will avoid both the rosy blur of Legend and the facile charms of relativism.... Because of [Hull's] deep concern with the ways in which research is actually done, Science as a Process begins an important project in the study of science. It (...)
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  13.  21
    Mental machines.David L. Barack - 2019 - Biology and Philosophy 34 (6):63.
    Cognitive neuroscientists are turning to an increasingly rich array of neurodynamical systems to explain mental phenomena. In these explanations, cognitive capacities are decomposed into a set of functions, each of which is described mathematically, and then these descriptions are mapped on to corresponding mathematical descriptions of the dynamics of neural systems. In this paper, I outline a novel explanatory schema based on these explanations. I then argue that these explanations present a novel type of dynamicism for the philosophy of mind (...)
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  14.  85
    The Dynamicist Landscape.David L. Barack - 2023 - Topics in Cognitive Science.
    The dynamical hypothesis states that cognitive systems are dynamical systems. While dynamical systems play an important role in many cognitive phenomena, the dynamical hypothesis as stated applies to every system and so fails both to specify what makes cognitive systems distinct and to distinguish between proposals regarding the nature of cognitive systems. To avoid this problem, I distinguish several different types of dynamical systems, outlining four dimensions along which dynamical systems can vary: total-state versus partial-state, internal versus external, macroscopic versus (...)
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  15.  45
    Philosophy of biological science.David L. Hull - 1974 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J.,: Prentice-Hall.
    Compares classic and contemporary theories of genetics and evolution and explores the role of teleological thought in biology.
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  16.  23
    Mental kinematics: dynamics and mechanics of neurocognitive systems.David L. Barack - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):1091-1123.
    Dynamical systems play a central role in explanations in cognitive neuroscience. The grounds for these explanations are hotly debated and generally fall under two approaches: non-mechanistic and mechanistic. In this paper, I first outline a neurodynamical explanatory schema that highlights the role of dynamical systems in cognitive phenomena. I next explore the mechanistic status of such neurodynamical explanations. I argue that these explanations satisfy only some of the constraints on mechanistic explanation and should be considered pseudomechanistic explanations. I defend this (...)
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  17.  20
    George Herbert Mead: self, language, and the world.David L. Miller - 1980 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  18.  8
    Reliability of “the eye of the beholder”: Effects of sex of the beholder and sex of the beheld.Norbert L. Kerr & Susan Turner Kurtz - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (3):179-181.
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  19.  10
    Rorty and Dewey.David L. Hildebrand - 2020 - In Alan Malachowski (ed.), A companion to Rorty. Hoboken: Wiley. pp. 335–356.
    Definitions of pragmatism increasingly turn on understanding and relating the philosophies of Richard Rorty and John Dewey. Rorty is often the first and most important lens through which many encounter pragmatism or Dewey; thus, it is crucial to know where “Rorty” ends and where “Dewey” begins. To find that line, this chapter answers the question: What did Rorty believe Dewey contributed to pragmatism, to philosophy, and to humanity? After reviewing how Rorty's personal and academic beginnings intertwined with Dewey, preliminary context (...)
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  20. Buddhism : in the footsteps of the Buddha.David L. Haberman - 1998 - In Leslie Forster Stevenson (ed.), Ten theories of human nature. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  21. Confucianism : the way of the sages.David L. Haberman - 1998 - In Leslie Forster Stevenson (ed.), Ten theories of human nature. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  22. Upanishadic Hinduism : quest for ultimate knowledge.David L. Haberman - 1998 - In Leslie Forster Stevenson (ed.), Ten theories of human nature. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  23. A matter of individuality.David L. Hull - 1978 - Philosophy of Science 45 (3):335-360.
    Biological species have been treated traditionally as spatiotemporally unrestricted classes. If they are to perform the function which they do in the evolutionary process, they must be spatiotemporally localized individuals, historical entities. Reinterpreting biological species as historical entities solves several important anomalies in biology, in philosophy of biology, and within philosophy itself. It also has important implications for any attempt to present an "evolutionary" analysis of science and for sciences such as anthropology which are devoted to the study of single (...)
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  24.  30
    The Collected Papers of Charles Darwin.David L. Hull - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):662-663.
  25. A widely accepted but nonetheless astonishingly flimsy argument against analytical behaviorism.David L. Boyer - 1984 - Philosophia 14 (1-2):153-172.
  26.  24
    The mass media and terrorism.David L. Altheide - 2007 - Discourse and Communication 1 (3):287-308.
    The mass media promotes terrorism by stressing fear and an uncertain future. Major changes in US foreign and domestic policy essentially went unreported and unchallenged by the dominant news organizations. Notwithstanding the long relationship in the United States between fear and crime, the role of the mass media in promoting fear has become more pronounced since the United States `discovered' international terrorism on 11 September 2001. Extensive qualitative media analysis shows that political decision-makers quickly adjusted propaganda passages, prepared as part (...)
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  27.  14
    Institutional Responsibility and the Flawed Genomic Biomarkers at Duke University: A Missed Opportunity for Transparency and Accountability.David L. DeMets, Thomas R. Fleming, Gail Geller & David F. Ransohoff - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (4):1199-1205.
    When there have been substantial failures by institutional leadership in their oversight responsibility to protect research integrity, the public should demand that these be recognized and addressed by the institution itself, or the funding bodies. This commentary discusses a case of research failures in developing genomic predictors for cancer risk assessment and treatment at a leading university. In its review of this case, the Office of Research Integrity, an agency within the US Department of Health and Human Services, focused their (...)
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  28. What Is Realistic about Putnam’s Internal Realism?David L. Anderson - 1992 - Philosophical Topics 20 (1):49-83.
    Failure to recognize the "realistic" motivations for Putnam's commitment to internal realism has led to a widely shared misunderstanding of Putnam's arguments against metaphysical realism. Realist critics of these arguments frequently offer rebuttals that fail to confront his arguments. Simply put, Putnam's arguments --the brains in a vat argument as well as the model-theoretic argument -- are "reductios" that are intended to show that "metaphysical realism itself is not sufficiently realistic". If that claim can be substantiated then Putnam can go (...)
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  29. Individuality and Selection.David L. Hull - 1980 - Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11:311-332.
     
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  30.  77
    Are Species Really Individuals?David L. Hull - 1976 - Systematic Zoology 25:174–191.
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  31.  63
    Linking Social Issues to Organizational Impact: The Role of Infomediaries and the Infomediary Process.David L. Deephouse & Pursey P. M. A. R. Heugens - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (4):541-553.
    When do organizations decide to ‘adopt’ a given social issue such that they come to acknowledge it in their patterns of action and communication? Traditional answers to this question have focused either on the characteristics of the issue itself, or on the traits of the focal organization. In many cases, however, a firm’s decision to adopt or ignore an issue is not a straightforward function of firm or issue characteristics. Instead, we view issue adoption as a socially constructed process of (...)
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  32. The effect of essentialism on taxonomy—two thousand years of stasis.David L. Hull - 1964 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 15 (60):314-326.
  33.  57
    Independence of Hot and Cold Executive Function Deficits in High-Functioning Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder.David L. Zimmerman, Tamara Ownsworth, Analise O'Donovan, Jacqueline Roberts & Matthew J. Gullo - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10:170424.
    Individuals with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) display diverse deficits in social, cognitive and behavioral functioning. To date, there has been mixed findings on the profile of executive function deficits for high-functioning adults (IQ >70) with ASD. A conceptual distinction is commonly made between “cold” and “hot” executive functions. Cold executive functions refer to mechanistic higher-order cognitive operations (e.g., working memory), whereas hot executive functions entail cognitive abilities supported by emotional awareness and social perception (e.g., social cognition). This study aimed to (...)
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  34.  54
    The Apocalypse as a Symbolic Transformation of the Worid: A Literary Analssis.David L. Barr - 1984 - Interpretation 38 (1):39-50.
    The hearers of the Apocalypse of John are set in another world in which lambs conquer and suffering rules, where victims have become the victors.
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  35.  7
    Isomorphisms of genetic algorithms.David L. Battle & Michael D. Vose - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 60 (1):155-165.
  36.  53
    Cognitive Recycling.David L. Barack - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):239-268.
    Theories in cognitive science, and especially cognitive neuroscience, often claim that parts of cognitive systems are reused for different cognitive functions. Philosophical analysis of this concept, however, is rare. Here, I first provide a set of criteria for an analysis of reuse, and then I analyse reuse in terms of the functions of subsystems. I also discuss how cognitive systems execute cognitive functions, the relation between learning and reuse, and how to differentiate reuse from related concepts like multi-use, redundancy, and (...)
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  37.  65
    The Essence of Scientific Theories.David L. Hull - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (1):17-19.
  38. Thinking through Confucius.David L. Hall & Roger T. Ames - 1987 - Philosophy East and West 41 (2):241-254.
  39.  47
    The Metaphysics of Evolution: Naqshbandis in the Ottoman World, 1450-1700.David L. Hull - 1989 - State University of New York Press.
    Extreme variation in the meaning of the term “species” throughout the history of biology has often frustrated attempts of historians, philosophers and biologists to communicate with one another about the transition in biological thinking from the static species concept to the modern notion of evolving species. The most important change which has underlain all the other fluctuations in the meaning of the word “species” is the change from it denoting such metaphysical entities as essences, Forms or Natures to denoting classes (...)
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  40.  48
    Massively Parallel Parsing: A Strongly Interactive Model of Natural Language Interpretation.David L. Waltz & Jordan B. Pollack - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):51-74.
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  41.  35
    John G. gagers "kingdom and community": A summary and response.David L. Bartlett - 1978 - Zygon 13 (2):110-122.
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  42.  28
    The Apocalypse of John as Oral Enactment.David L. Barr - 1986 - Interpretation 40 (3):243-256.
    The hearers of the Apocalypse enter another universe, a temporary arena in which the norms and realities of everyday life are laid aside and a vision is opened of the final reign of God.
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  43.  22
    Decent Work: A Psychological Perspective.David L. Blustein, Chad Olle, Alice Connors-Kellgren & A. J. Diamonti - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  44.  53
    The metaphysics of anarchism.David L. Hall - 1983 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 10 (1):49-63.
  45. The effect of essentialism on taxonomy—two thousand years of stasis.David L. Hull - 1965 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (61):1-18.
  46.  80
    Phonological recoding and self-teaching: sine qua non of reading acquisition.David L. Share - 1995 - Cognition 55 (2):151-218.
  47.  24
    Structure‐guided insights on the role of NS1 in flavivirus infection.David L. Akey, W. Clay Brown, Joyce Jose, Richard J. Kuhn & Janet L. Smith - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (5):489-494.
    We highlight the various domains of the flavivirus virulence factor NS1 and speculate on potential implications of the NS1 3D structure in understanding its role in flavivirus pathogenesis. Flavivirus non‐structural protein 1 (NS1) is a virulence factor with dual functions in genome replication and immune evasion. Crystal structures of NS1, combined with reconstructions from electron microscopy (EM), provide insight into the architecture of dimeric NS1 on cell membranes and the assembly of a secreted hexameric NS1‐lipid complex found in patient sera. (...)
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  48.  20
    Thinking from the Han: Self, Truth, and Transcendence in Chinese and Western Culture.David L. Hall & Roger T. Ames - 1998 - SUNY Press.
    Examines the issues of self (including gender), truth, and transcendence in classical Chinese and Western philosophy.
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  49. Units of evolution: a metaphysical essay.David L. Hull - 1981 - In Uffe Juul Jensen & Rom Harré (eds.), The Philosophy of Evolution. St. Martin's Press. pp. 23--44.
     
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  50.  72
    Science and Selection: Essays on Biological Evolution and the Philosophy of Science.David L. Hull - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    One way to understand science is as a selection process. David Hull, one of the dominant figures in contemporary philosophy of science, sets out in this 2001 volume a general analysis of this selection process that applies equally to biological evolution, the reaction of the immune system to antigens, operant learning, and social and conceptual change in science. Hull aims to distinguish between those characteristics that are contingent features of selection and those that are essential. Science and Selection brings (...)
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