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David Smith
University of New England (United States)
  1.  89
    Less Than Human: Why We Demean, Enslave, and Exterminate Others.David Livingstone Smith - 2011 - St. Martins Press.
  2. Paradoxes of Dehumanization.David Livingstone Smith - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (2):416-443.
    In previous writings, I proposed that we dehumanize others by attributing the essence of a less-than-human creature to them, in order to disable inhibitions against harming them. However, this account is inconsistent with the fact that dehumanizers implicitly, and often explicitly, acknowledge the human status of their victims. I propose that when we dehumanize others, we regard them as simultaneously human and subhuman. Drawing on the work of Ernst Jentsch, Mary Douglas, and Noël Carroll, I argue that the notion of (...)
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  3.  48
    Self-Deception: A Teleofunctional Approach.David Livingstone Smith - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (1):181-199.
    This paper aims to offer an alternative to the existing philosophical theories of self-deception. It describes and motivates a teleofunctional theory that models self-deception on the subintentional deceptions perpetrated by non-human organisms. Existing theories of self-deception generate paradoxes, are empirically implausible, or fail to account for the distinction between self-deception and other kinds of motivated irrationality. Deception is not a uniquely human phenomenon: biologists have found that many non-human organisms deceive and are deceived. A close analysis of the pollination strategy (...)
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  4.  74
    Dehumanization, Essentialism, and Moral Psychology.David Livingstone Smith - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (11):814-824.
    Despite its importance, the phenomenon of dehumanization has been neglected by philosophers. Since its introduction, the term “dehumanization” has come to be used in a variety of ways. In this paper, I use it to denote the psychological stance of conceiving of other human beings as subhuman creatures. I draw on an historical example – Morgan Godwyn's description of 17th century English colonists' dehumanization of African slaves and use this to identify three explanatory desiderata that any satisfactory theory of dehumanization (...)
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  5. Indexically Yours: Why Being Human is More Like Being Here Than It is Like Being Water.David Livingstone Smith - 2013 - In Raymond Corbey Annette Lanjouw (ed.), The Politics of Species:Reshaping Our Relationships With Other Animals. Cambridge University Press. pp. 40-52.
  6.  10
    Horror sanguinis.David Livingstone Smith & Ioana Panaitiu - 2016 - Common Knowledge 22 (1):69-80.
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  7.  23
    Aiming at Self-Deception: Deflationism, Intentionalism, and Biological Purpose.David Livingstone Smith - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):37-38.
    Deflationists about self-deception understand self-deception as the outcome of biased information processing, but in doing so, they lose the normative distinction between self-deception and wishful thinking. Von Hippel & Trivers (VH&T) advocate a deflationist approach, but they also want preserve the purposive character of self-deception. A biologically realistic analysis of deception can eliminate the contradiction implicit in their position.
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  8.  23
    Freud's Philosophy of the Unconscious.David Livingstone Smith - 1999 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  9. Apeing the Human Essence: Simianization as Dehumanization.David Livingstone Smith & Ioana Panaitiu - 2016 - In Wulf Hund, Charles Mills & Sylvia Sebastiani (eds.), Simianization: Apes, Gender, Class, and Race. Lit Verlag. pp. 77-104.
    Representing members of racial minorities as apes or monkeys is a special case of dehumanization and cannot be properly understood outside of a general theory of dehumanization. We argue that to fully understand any particular case of dehumanization it is mandatory to consider the intersection of its psychological, cultural, and political determinants: the psychological component explains the distinctive form of dehumanizing thinking, the cultural component explains the significance of the choice of animal with which members of the dehumanized population are (...)
     
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  10.  24
    Interrogating the Westermarck Hypothesis: Limitations, Problems, and Alternatives.David Livingstone Smith - 2007 - Biological Theory 2 (3):307-316.
    Westermarck’s Hypothesis is widely accepted by evolutionary scientists as the best explanation for human incest avoidance. However, its explanatory shortcomings have been largely ignored and it has never been pitted against alternative biological hypotheses. Although WH may account for incest avoidance between co-reared kin, it cannot explain other forms of incest avoidance, and cannot account for the differential incidence of sibling-sibling, mother-son, father-daughter and other forms of incest. WH also faces problems adequately addressing phenomena within its explanatory domain. Neither of (...)
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  11. The Palgrave Handbook of Philosophy and Public Policy.David Boonin, Katrina L. Sifferd, Tyler K. Fagan, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Michael Huemer, Daniel Wodak, Derk Pereboom, Stephen J. Morse, Sarah Tyson, Mark Zelcer, Garrett VanPelt, Devin Casey, Philip E. Devine, David K. Chan, Maarten Boudry, Christopher Freiman, Hrishikesh Joshi, Shelley Wilcox, Jason Brennan, Eric Wiland, Ryan Muldoon, Mark Alfano, Philip Robichaud, Kevin Timpe, David Livingstone Smith, Francis J. Beckwith, Dan Hooley, Russell Blackford, John Corvino, Corey McCall, Dan Demetriou, Ajume Wingo, Michael Shermer, Ole Martin Moen, Aksel Braanen Sterri, Teresa Blankmeyer Burke, Jeppe von Platz, John Thrasher, Mary Hawkesworth, William MacAskill, Daniel Halliday, Janine O’Flynn, Yoaav Isaacs, Jason Iuliano, Claire Pickard, Arvin M. Gouw, Tina Rulli, Justin Caouette, Allen Habib, Brian D. Earp, Andrew Vierra, Subrena E. Smith, Danielle M. Wenner, Lisa Diependaele, Sigrid Sterckx, G. Owen Schaefer, Markus K. Labude, Harisan Unais Nasir, Udo Schuklenk, Benjamin Zolf & Woolwine (eds.) - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
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  12. The Form and Function of Self-Deception.David Livingstone Smith - 2013 - Sistemi Intelligenti 25 (3):565-579.
     
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  13. Beyond Good and Evil: Variations on Some Freudian Themes.David Livingstone Smith - 2013 - In A. C. Bohart B. S. Held & E. Mendelowitz K. J. Schneider (eds.), Humanity's Dark Side: Evil, Destructive Experience, and Psychotherapy. American Psychological Association. pp. 193-212.
    The paper critically interrogates the claim that Freudian theory is morally nihillistic.
     
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  14. How Biology Shapes Philosophy: New Foundations for Naturalism.David Livingstone Smith (ed.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    How Biology Shapes Philosophy is a seminal contribution to the emerging field of biophilosophy. It brings together work by philosophers who draw on biology to address traditional and not so traditional philosophical questions and concerns. Thirteen essays by leading figures in the field explore the biological dimensions of ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, gender, semantics, rationality, representation, and consciousness, as well as the misappropriation of biology by philosophers, allowing the reader to critically interrogate the relevance of biology for philosophy. Both rigorous and (...)
     
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