20 found
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David M. Williams [20]David Monte Williams [1]David Morris Williams [1]
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  1.  41
    Relationships Between Implicit and Explicit Uncertainty Monitoring and Mindreading: Evidence From Autism Spectrum Disorder.Toby Nicholson, David M. Williams, Catherine Grainger, Sophie E. Lind & Peter Carruthers - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 70:11-24.
  2.  1
    Affective Determinants of Physical Activity: A Conceptual Framework and Narrative Review.Courtney J. Stevens, Austin S. Baldwin, Angela D. Bryan, Mark Conner, Ryan E. Rhodes & David M. Williams - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The literature on affective determinants of physical activity is growing rapidly. The present paper aims to provide greater clarity regarding the definition and distinctions among the various affect-related constructs that have been examined in relation to PA. Affective constructs are organized according to the Affect and Health Behavior Framework, including: affective response to PA; incidental affect; affect processing; and affectively charged motivational states. After defining each category of affective construct, we provide examples of relevant research showing how each construct may (...)
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  3.  27
    Linking Metacognition and Mindreading: Evidence From Autism and Dual-Task Investigations.Toby Nicholson, David M. Williams, Sophie E. Lind, Catherine Grainger & Peter Carruthers - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 150 (2):206-220.
    Questions of how we know our own and other minds, and whether metacognition and mindreading rely on the same processes, are longstanding in psychology and philosophy. In Experiment 1, children/adolescents with autism (who tend to show attenuated mindreading) showed significantly lower accuracy on an explicit metacognition task than neurotypical children/adolescents, but not on an allegedly metacognitive implicit one. In Experiment 2, neurotypical adults completed these tasks in a single-task condition or a dual-task condition that required concurrent completion of a secondary (...)
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  4.  9
    Current Emotion Research in Health Behavior Science.David M. Williams & Daniel R. Evans - 2014 - Emotion Review 6 (3):277-287.
    In the past two to three decades health behavior scientists have increasingly emphasized affect-related concepts in their attempts to understand and facilitate change in important health behaviors, such as smoking, eating, physical activity, substance abuse, and sex. This article provides a narrative review of this burgeoning literature, including relevant theory and research on affective response, incidental affect, affect processing, and affectively charged motivation. An integrative dual-processing framework is presented that suggests pathways through which affect-related concepts may interrelate to influence health (...)
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  5.  91
    A New Cladistics of Cladists.Malte C. Ebach, Juan J. Morrone & David M. Williams - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):153-156.
  6.  7
    The Exercise–Affect–Adherence Pathway: An Evolutionary Perspective.Harold H. Lee, Jessica A. Emerson & David M. Williams - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  7. Milestones in Systematics.David M. Williams & Peter L. Forey - 2005 - Journal of the History of Biology 38 (1):165-167.
     
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  8.  36
    Adolf Naef (1883–1949): On Foundational Concepts and Principles of Systematic Morphology. [REVIEW]Olivier Rieppel, David M. Williams & Malte C. Ebach - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (3):445-510.
    During the early twentieth century, the Swiss Zoologist Adolf Naef (1883–1949) established himself as a leader in German comparative anatomy and higher level systematics. He is generally labeled an ‘idealistic morphologist’, although he himself called his research program ‘systematic morphology’. The idealistic morphology that flourished in German biology during the first half of the twentieth century was a rather heterogeneous movement, within which Adolf Naef worked out a special theoretical system of his own. Following a biographical sketch, we present an (...)
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  9.  10
    Model-Free Metacognition.Peter Carruthers & David M. Williams - 2022 - Cognition 225:105117.
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  10.  18
    Metacognitive Monitoring and Control Processes in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Diminished Judgement of Confidence Accuracy.Catherine Grainger, David M. Williams & Sophie E. Lind - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:65-74.
  11.  60
    Confusion in Philosophy: A Comment on Williams (1992).David M. Williams, Robert W. Scotland, Christopher J. Humphries & Darrell J. Siebert - 1996 - Synthese 108 (1):127 - 136.
    Patricia Williams made a number of claims concerning the methods and practise of cladistic analysis and classification. Her argument rests upon the distinction of two kinds of hierarchy: a divisional hierarchy depicting evolutionary descent and the Linnean hierarchy describing taxonomic groups in a classification. Williams goes on to outline five problems with cladistics that lead her to the conclusion that systematists should eliminate cladism as a school of biological taxonomy and to replace it either with something that is philosophically coherent (...)
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  12.  12
    Self-Referential Memory in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Typical Development: Exploring the Ownership Effect.Emma Grisdale, Sophie E. Lind, Madeline J. Eacott & David M. Williams - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 30:133-141.
  13.  11
    What's New for You?: Interlocutor-Specific Perspective-Taking and Language Interpretation in Autistic and Neuro-Typical Children.Kirsten Abbot-Smith, David M. Williams & Danielle Matthews - forthcoming - Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
    Background: Studies have found that children with Autism Spectrum Disorder are more likely to make errors in appropriately producing referring expressions than are controls but comprehend them with equal facility. We tested whether this anomaly arises because comprehension studies have focused on manipulating perspective-taking at a ‘generic speaker’ level. Method: We compared 24 autistic eight- to eleven-year-olds with 24 well-matched neuro-typical controls. Children interpreted requests in contexts which would be ambiguous if perspective-taking were not utilized. In the interlocutor-specific perspective-taking condition, (...)
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  14.  80
    Metacognition May Be More Impaired Than Mindreading in Autism.David M. Williams, Sophie E. Lind & Francesca Happé - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):162-163.
    This commentary focuses on evidence from autism concerning the relation between metacognition and mindreading. We support Carruthers' rejection of models 1 (independent systems) and 3 (metacognition before mindreading), and provide evidence to strengthen his critique. However, we also present evidence from autism that we believe supports model 2 (one mechanism, two modes of access) over model 4 (mindreading is prior).
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  15.  21
    A Cladist is a Systematist Who Seeks a Natural Classification: Some Comments on Quinn.David M. Williams & Malte C. Ebach - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (1-2):10.
    In response to Quinn we identify cladistics to be about natural classifications and their discovery and thereby propose to add an eighth cladistic definition to Quinn’s list, namely the systematist who seeks to discover natural classifications, regardless of their affiliation, theoretical or methodological justifications.
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  16.  15
    Cognitive Underpinnings of Irony Understanding in Children.Maria Katarzyna Zajączkowska, Kirsten Abbot-Smith & David M. Williams - unknown
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  17.  12
    An Outline of the Foundations of Systematics and Biogeography.Malte C. Ebach & David M. Williams - 2007 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 29 (1):87 - 91.
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  18.  9
    How Social Vs. Visual Perspective-Taking Determine the Interpretation of Linguistic Reference by 8-11-Year-Olds with ASD and Age-Matched Peers. [REVIEW]Kirsten Abbot-Smith, David M. Williams, Danielle Matthews, Lucy Pettifor & Nicola Vince - unknown
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  19.  9
    A Devil's Glossary for Biological Systematics.Malte C. Ebach & David M. Williams - 2011 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 33 (2):249.
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  20.  2
    Zangerl and the "Zeitgeist".Malte C. Ebach1 & David M. Williams - 2006 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 28 (1):67 - 70.