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David Machek
University of Bern
  1.  51
    “Emotions That Do Not Move”: Zhuangzi and Stoics on Self-Emerging Feelings.David Machek - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (4):521-544.
    This essay develops a comparison between the Stoic and Daoist theories of emotions in order to provide a new interpretation of the emotional life of the wise person according to the Daoist classic Zhuangzi 莊子, and to shed light on larger divergences between the Greco-Roman and Chinese intellectual traditions. The core argument is that both Zhuangzi and the Stoics believed that there is a peculiar kind of emotional responses that emerge by themselves and are therefore wholly natural, since they do (...)
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  2.  11
    Did Seneca Accede to Μετριοπάθεια in His Consolatory Texts?David Machek - 2018 - Ancient Philosophy 38 (2):383-407.
  3.  19
    Stoics and Daoists on Freedom as Doing Necessary Things.David Machek - 2017 - Philosophy East and West 68 (1):174-200.
    Comparisons between early Chinese Daoism and ancient Greco-Roman Stoicism have recently become quite popular with scholars working in Sino-Western comparative philosophy. It has been pointed out that there are fundamental similarities between the two schools in their commitment to the ideal of "following nature" or in their views about emotional detachment. In this comparative article, I would like to suggest that these similarities are even deeper than has so far been acknowledged, and that the existing differences between the two schools, (...)
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  4.  33
    Beyond Sincerity and Pretense: Role-Playing and Unstructured Self in the Zhuangzi.David Machek - 2016 - Asian Philosophy 26 (1):52-65.
    ABSTRACTThis article engages with a recent view that the Daoist Classic Zhuangzi advances an alternative to the Confucian role-ethics. According to this view, Zhuangzi opposes the Confucian idea that we should play our social roles with sincerity and instead argues that we should take the liberty to detach ourselves from the roles we play and ‘pretend’ them. It is argued in this article that Zhuangzi’s ideal of role-playing is based neither on sincerity nor on pretense. Instead, it is akin to (...)
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  5.  28
    The Doubleness of Craft: Motifs of Technical Action in Life Praxis According to Aristotle and Zhuangzi.David Machek - 2011 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (4):507-526.
    This article offers a philosophical reflection on ambivalences inherent in the notion of craft analogy in the thought of Zhuangzi and Aristotle. Does it make sense to establish the analogy between the structure of the good conduct of life and the structure of the successful performance of craft? In turn, what are the reasons for rejecting this analogy? This study shows that both philosophers had strong reasons both for their commitment to some aspects of the analogy and for its decisive (...)
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  6. As a Form of Intellect, Emotions Like Substance. Plútarchova Theory of Moral Virtue in Virtue De Morali.David Machek - 2012 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 43:3-31.
    The article offers a critical analysis Plútarchovy moral theory in the work De Morali Virtue in its historical context and monitors while the more general philosophical question: what problems they must address philosophical theory of action that is motivated by the need to prove it is a substantial difference between reason and emotion as two sources of motivation, as Plutarch sought for it in this polemic against stoikům? In the first part, the author reconstructs Plútarchovo concept with special attention to (...)
     
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  7.  6
    Aristotle on Enkratic Ignorance.David Machek - 2020 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 58 (4):655-678.
    in book six of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle famously argues that the excellences of the rational and nonrational parts of the soul, that is, practical wisdom and character virtue, are interdependent: "it is not possible to possess virtue in the primary sense [κυρίως] without wisdom, nor to be wise without virtue of character."1 The latter part of this claim—that it is impossible to be practically wise without character virtue—has been a particular topic of attention in the scholarship. While Aristotle does (...)
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  8.  95
    Aristotle on the Goodness of Unhappy Lives.David Machek - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Philosophy.
    For Aristotle, the happy life is the highest human good. But could even unhappy human lives have a grain of intrinsic goodness? Aristotle’s views about the value of the “mere living,” in contrast to the good living, have been neglected in the scholarship, in spite of his recurrent preoccupation with this question. Offering a close reading of a passage from Nicomachean Ethics IX.9, I argue that, for Aristotle, all human lives are intrinsically good by virtue of fully satisfying the definition, (...)
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  9. Book Review. [REVIEW]David Machek - 2010 - Reflexe: Filosoficky Casopis 38:146-156.
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  10.  16
    Carving, Taming or Gardening? Plutarch on Emotions, Reason and Virtue.David Machek - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (2):255-275.
    This article attempts to provide an overview and discussion of Plutarch’s views in his Moralia about emotions and their relation to moral virtue and reason. By tracking different clusters of imagery – artisanal, zoological and botanic – that Plutarch uses in his essays to articulate the relationship between emotions and reason, it explores three philosophical perspectives on emotions: emotions of a virtuous person are likened to a well-shaped piece of material; to animals that need to be guided or reined in (...)
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  11. Freunde aufgrund des Lebens.David Machek - 2021 - Zeitschrift Für Praktische Philosophie 8 (1).
    Zusammenfassung: Freundschaft ist ein wichtiges Thema der aristotelischen Moraltheorie. Aristoteles versteht unter Freundschaft die optimale Form der Beziehung, in der sich die Beteiligten gegenseitig schätzen und Wohltaten leisten. Im Rahmen seiner Freundschaftstheorie hat Aristoteles auch eine Auffassung der Freundschaft zwischen Eltern und Kindern entworfen. Im Vergleich zu seiner allge-meinen Freundschaftstheorie haben seine Ansätze zur Freundschaft zwischen Eltern und Kindern sowohl in der historischen als auch in der systematischen Forschung wenig Aufmerksamkeit gefunden. Das Ziel dieses Artikels ist es, die Auffassung dieser (...)
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  12.  80
    Is the Life of a Mediocre Philosopher Better Than the Life of an Excellent Cobbler? Aristotle On the Value of Activity in Nicomachean Ethics X.4-8.David Machek - forthcoming - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-17.
    Insofar as living well is, for Aristotle, the ultimate end of human life, and insofar as our life can be understood as comprising different (energeiai), the key prerequisite for living well is to rank and choose different activities according to their real value. The objective of this article is to identify and discuss different considerations that determine an value in ethics. Focusing on selected passages from Nicomachean Ethics X, I argue that the structure of an value displays considerable heterogeneity. An (...)
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  13.  19
    Lee, Jung H., The Ethical Foundations of Early Daoism: Zhuangzi’s Unique Moral Vision: New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014, 186 Pages.David Machek - 2017 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 16 (1):129-132.
  14.  10
    Mengzi on Nourishing the Heart by Having Few Desires.David Machek - 2021 - Philosophy East and West 71 (2):393-413.
  15.  5
    Čínské myšlení zevnitř: čítanka tradičních komentářů ke knize Zhuangzi [Chinese Thought From Within: A Reader of Traditional Chinese Commentaries on the Zhuangzi. Translation, Commentary and Interpretation].David Machek - 2016 - Prague: Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Karlovy.
    Kniha předkládá výbor a komentovaný překlad čtyř tradičních komentářů k vybraným pasážím významného díla klasického taoismu z období Válčících států (ca 4.-3. stol. př. n. l.). Komentáře pocházejí ze čtyř různých období čínských dějin od raného středověku až po poslední dynastii císařské Číny. Cílem práce je představit komentáře jako texty, které zasluhují bližší pozornost jednak proto, že nechávají nahlédnout do různorodých dějinných kontextů, jednak proto, že jde o svébytné a filosoficky originální interpretace jednoho z nejvýznačnějších textů čínského myšlení. Komentáře nesou (...)
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  16.  27
    Two Stoic Accounts of Conflict Between Reason and Passion.David Machek - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (2):389-409.
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  17.  12
    Using Our Selves: An Interpretation of the Stoic Four-Personae Theory in Cicero’s De Officiis I.David Machek - 2016 - Apeiron 49 (2).
  18.  1
    Introduction.Máté Veres & David Machek - 2021 - Rhizomata 9 (2):151-156.
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