Results for 'David Marshall Smith'

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  1.  50
    Geography and Ethics: Journeys in a Moral Terrain.James D. Proctor & David Marshall Smith (eds.) - 1999 - Routledge.
    Geography and Ethics examines the place of geography in ethics and of ethics in geography by drawing together specially commissioned contributors from distinguished scholars from around the world.
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  2.  55
    On Newton’s Method: William L. Harper: Isaac Newton’s Scientific Method: Turning Data Into Evidence About Gravity and Cosmology. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012, 360pp, $75 HB. [REVIEW]Nick Huggett, George E. Smith, David Marshall Miller & William Harper - 2013 - Metascience 22 (2):215-246.
  3.  50
    Qualitative Methods in Human Geography.John Eyles & David Marshall Smith (eds.) - 1988 - Barnes & Noble.
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  4.  39
    Adam Smith and the Theatricality of Moral Sentiments.David Marshall - 1984 - Critical Inquiry 10 (4):592-613.
    In Smith’s view, the dédoublement that structures any act of sympathy is internalized and doubled within the self. In endeavoring to “pass sentence” upon one’s own conduct, Smith writes, “I divide myself, as it were, into two persons; and … I, the examiner and judge, represent a different character from that other I, the person whose conduct is examined into and judged of” . Earlier in his book, Smith claims that in imagining someone else’s sentiments, we “imagine (...)
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  5. Voluntary National Tests Would Improve Education.Marshall S. Smith, David L. Stevenson & Christine P. Li - 2008 - In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge.
     
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  6.  8
    David Wootton, Power, Pleasure and Profit. Insatiable Appetites From Machiavelli to Madison.Catherine Marshall - 2019 - Revue D’Études Benthamiennes 15.
    David Wootton’s latest book is an attempt to show how “Power, Pleasure and Profit” – each related in turn to Machiavelli, Hobbes and Smith’s works – have shaped our modern world because they are “three goods which can be pursued without limits”. Based on a series of six Carlyle Lectures entitled “Power and Pleasure, 1513-1776”, given at the University of Oxford in 2014, the book attempts a major reinterpretation of the ideas of the thinkers of the period from (...)
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  7.  1
    Representing Space in the Scientific Revolution.David Marshall Miller - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    The novel understanding of the physical world that characterized the Scientific Revolution depended on a fundamental shift in the way its protagonists understood and described space. At the beginning of the seventeenth century, spatial phenomena were described in relation to a presupposed central point; by its end, space had become a centerless void in which phenomena could only be described by reference to arbitrary orientations. David Marshall Miller examines both the historical and philosophical aspects of this far-reaching development, (...)
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  8.  88
    Qualities, Properties, and Laws in Newton’s Induction.David Marshall Miller - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (5):1052-1063.
    Newton’s argument for universal gravitation in the Principia eventually rested on the third “Rule of Philosophizing,” which warrants the generalization of “qualities of bodies.” An analysis of the rule and the history of its development indicate that the term ‘quality’ should be taken to include both inherent properties of bodies and relations among systems of bodies, generalized into `laws'. By incorporating law‐induction into the rule, Newton could legitimately rebuff objections to his theory by claiming that universal gravitation was justified by (...)
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  9.  13
    Models for the Speed and Accuracy of Aimed Movements.David E. Meyer, J. E. Smith & Charles E. Wright - 1982 - Psychological Review 89 (5):449-482.
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  10.  28
    The Thirty Years War and the Galileo Affair.David Marshall Miller - 2008 - History of Science 46 (1):49-74.
    All too often, historians of the ‘Galileo Affair’ fail to recognize the dynamic – indeed, tumultuous – nature of the political landscape surrounding Galileo’s condemnation and the events leading to it. This was a landscape rent by the Thirty Years War, which dominated the affairs of Europe’s rulers, including Galileo’s patrons. In fact, Galileo’s publication of the Dialogo in 1632 could not have come at a more ill-advised moment: in the aftermath of the battle of Breitenfeld, the nadir of Catholicism (...)
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  11.  27
    The Rationality of Science. [REVIEW]David Christensen & W. H. Newton-Smith - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (3):471.
  12. Seeing and Believing: Galileo, Aristotelians, and the Mountains on the Moon.David Marshall Miller - 2013 - In Daniel De Simone & John Hessler (eds.), The Starry Messenger. Levenger Press. pp. 131-145.
    Galileo’s telescopic lunar observations, announced in Siderius Nuncius (1610), were a triumph of observational skill and ingenuity. Yet, unlike the Medicean stars, Galileo’s lunar “discoveries” were not especially novel. Indeed, Plutarch had noted the moon’s uneven surface in classical times, and many other renaissance observers had also turned their gaze moonward, even (in Harriot’s case) aided by telescopes of their own. Moreover, what Galileo and his contemporaries saw was colored by the assumptions they already had. Copernicans assumed the moon was (...)
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  13.  40
    Ethics Consultation: A Practical Guide. [REVIEW]John La Puma, David Schiedermayer & Mary Faith Marshall - 1994 - HEC Forum 6 (3):163-169.
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  14. History and Philosophy of Science History.David Marshall Miller - 2011 - In Tad M. Schmaltz & Seymour Mauskopf (eds.), Integrating History and Philosophy of Science, Problems and Prospects. Springer. pp. 29-48.
    Science lies at the intersection of ideas and society, at the heart of the modern human experience. The study of past science should therefore be central to our humanistic attempt to know ourselves. Nevertheless, past science is not studied as an integral whole, but from two very different and divergent perspectives: the intellectual history of science, which focuses on the development of ideas and arguments, and the social history of science, which focuses on the development of science as a social (...)
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  15. Ontology and Geographic Objects: An Empirical Study of Cognitive Categorization.David M. Mark, Barry Smith & Barbara Tversky - 1999 - In C. Freksa & David M. Mark (eds.), Spatial Information Theory. Cognitive and Computational Foundations of Geographic Information Science (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1661). pp. 283-298.
    Cognitive categories in the geographic realm appear to manifest certain special features as contrasted with categories for objects at surveyable scales. We have argued that these features reflect specific ontological characteristics of geographic objects. This paper presents hypotheses as to the nature of the features mentioned, reviews previous empirical work on geographic categories, and presents the results of pilot experiments that used English-speaking subjects to test our hypotheses. Our experiments show geographic categories to be similar to their non-geographic counterparts in (...)
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  16.  48
    Importance of and Approaches to Incorporating Ethics Into the Accounting Classroom.David S. Kerr & L. Murphy Smith - 1995 - Journal of Business Ethics 14 (12):987 - 995.
    Accounting educators are being called on to provide a greater emphasis on ethics education. This paper examines three important issues concerning ethics education in accounting. First, the question of whether ethics can indeed be taught is examined. Next, several innovative approaches are presented which have been used by accounting educators to integrate ethics into the classroom. Finally, results of a survey of students concerning their perspectives of ethical issues in accounting education, the accounting profession, and society at large are presented (...)
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  17.  11
    The Opinion of Mankind: Sociability and the Theory of the State From Hobbes to Smith by Paul Sagar.Danielle Charette - 2019 - Hume Studies 42 (1):248-251.
    Paul Sagar's The Opinion of Mankind serves as an excellent synthesis of the topics of sociability and sovereignty in the history of modern political thought. The main thrust of the book is to marshal David Hume's and Adam Smith's resources as first-rate philosophers on behalf of a first-rate political theory. According to Sagar, Hume's and Smith's rich accounts of human sociability, sentiment, and historical contingency provide the foundations for what Sagar calls "the state without sovereignty". By this, (...)
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  18.  27
    The Parallelogram Rule From Pseudo-Aristotle to Newton.David Marshall Miller - 2017 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 71 (2):157-191.
    The history of the Parallelogram Rule for composing physical quantities, such as motions and forces, is marked by conceptual difficulties leading to false starts and halting progress. In particular, authors resisted the required assumption that the magnitude and the direction of a quantity can interact and are jointly necessary to represent the quantity. Consequently, the origins of the Rule cannot be traced to Pseudo-Aristotle or Stevin, as commonly held, but to Fermat, Hobbes, and subsequent developments in the latter part of (...)
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  19.  51
    The Polis and its Analogues in the Thought of Hannah Arendt: David L. Marshall.David L. Marshall - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):123-149.
    Criticized as a nostalgic anachronism by those who oppose her version of political theory and lauded as symbol of direct democratic participation by those who favor it, the Athenian polis features prominently in Hannah Arendt's account of politics. This essay traces the origin and development of Arendt's conception of the polis as a space of appearance from the early 1950s onward. It makes particular use of the Denktagebuch, Arendt's intellectual diary, in order to shed new light on the historicity of (...)
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  20.  43
    Adaptation to Global Warming: Do Climate Models Tell Us What We Need to Know?Naomi Oreskes, David A. Stainforth & Leonard A. Smith - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):1012-1028.
  21.  17
    Gene Ontology Annotations: What They Mean and Where They Come From.P. Hill David, Barry Smith, S. McAndrews-Hill Monica & A. Blake Judith - 2008 - BMC Bioinformatics 9 (Suppl 5):S2.
    The computational genomics community has come increasingly to rely on the methodology of creating annotations of scientific literature using terms from controlled structured vocabularies such as the Gene Ontology (GO). We here address the question of what such annotations signify and of how they are created by working biologists. Our goal is to promote a better understanding of how the results of experiments are captured in annotations in the hope that this will lead to better representations of biological reality through (...)
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  22. Rethinking Geographical Inquiry Essays by John U. Marshall ... [Et Al.].J. David Wood, John U. Marshall & Atkinson College - 1982
     
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  23.  25
    Using Representations of Space to Study Early Modern Physical Science: An Example of Philosophy in the Service of History.David Marshall Miller - manuscript
    Most historians of science eagerly acknowledge that the early modern period witnessed a shift from a prevailing Aristotelian, spherical, centered conception of space to a prevailing Cartesian, rectilinear, oriented spatial framework. Indeed, this shift underlay many of the important advances for which the period is celebrated. However, historians have failed to engage the general conceptual shift, focusing instead on the particular explanatory developments that resulted. This historical lacuna can be attributed to a historiographical problem: the lack of an adequate unit (...)
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  24.  8
    David Marshall Miller. Representing Space in the Scientific Revolution. Reviewed By.Alessandro Giostra - 2018 - Philosophy in Review 38 (4):148-150.
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  25.  5
    David Marshall Miller. Representing Space in the Scientific Revolution. Xiii + 235 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. £55. [REVIEW]Delphine Bellis - 2016 - Isis 107 (1):172-173.
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  26.  6
    David Marshall Lang. Armenia: Cradle of Civilisation. Pp. 320. £12.50. [REVIEW]Eileen Barker - 1980 - Religious Studies 16 (1):124.
  27.  10
    David Marshall Miller. Representing Space in the Scientific Revolution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Pp. Xiii+235. $90.00. [REVIEW]Patrick J. Boner - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):172-173.
  28.  15
    Oculomotor Involvement in Spatial Working Memory is Task-Specific.Keira Ball, David G. Pearson & Daniel T. Smith - 2013 - Cognition 129 (2):439-446.
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  29.  6
    David Woodruff Smith Et Amy L. Thomasson (Dir.), Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005, 322 pagesDavid Woodruff Smith Et Amy L. Thomasson (Dir.), Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005, 322 Pages. [REVIEW]Raphael Van Riel - 2009 - Philosophiques 36 (1):257-259.
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  30.  32
    Galileo’s Impractical Science: Matteo Valleriani: Galileo Engineer. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 269. Dordrecht: Springer, 2010, Xxii+320pp, €99.95 HB.David Marshall Miller - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):223-225.
    Galileo’s impractical science Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9534-4 Authors David Marshall Miller, Department of Philosophy, Duke University, 201 West Duke, Durham, NC 27708, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  31.  59
    David Woodruff Smith, Husserl: Routledge, New York, 2007 , US-$100.00 , US-$27.95 ; €67.27 , €20.99 , ISBN 978-0-415-28975-7.Thane Naberhaus - 2009 - Husserl Studies 25 (1):81-88.
  32.  12
    David Woodruff Smith: 'Husserl' New York: Routledge, 2007, Xiv + 467 Pp. Doi:10.1017/S0012217309090180. [REVIEW]Kimberly Jaray - 2009 - Dialogue 48 (1):227.
  33.  20
    David M. Smith, Ed., The Heads of Religious Houses, England and Wales, 3: 1377–1540. Cambridge, Eng., and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. Xciv, 817. $240.Richard W. Pfaff - 2009 - Speculum 84 (4):1111-1112.
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  34.  53
    David Woodruff Smith and Ronald McIntyre, Husserl and Intentionality: A Study of Mind, Meaning, and Language. [REVIEW]George Berger - 1983 - Theoria 49 (3):184-188.
  35. David L. Smith,(2002). Fearfully and Wonderfully Made: The History of Duquesne University's Graduate Psychology Programs (1959-1999): A Human Science Psychology: An Existential-Phenomenological Approach. [REVIEW]S. Halling - 2004 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 35 (1):115-120.
  36. David Woodruff Smith and Ronald McIntyre, Husserl and Intentionality. A Study of Mind, Meaning, and Language. [REVIEW]Author unknown - 1986 - Critica 18 (52):121-126.
  37.  33
    Extending the Value Chain to Incorporate Privacy by Design Principles.Julie Smith David & Marilyn Prosch - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):295-318.
    Morgan et al. examine the notion of corporate citizenship and suggest that for it to be effective companies need to minimize harm and maximize benefits through its activities and, in so doing, take account of and be responsive to a full range of stakeholders. Specifically, they call for a “next generation” approach to corporate citizenship that embeds structures, systems, processes and policies into and across the company’s value chain. We take this notion of corporate citizenship and apply it to Privacy (...)
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  38.  3
    David Nowell Smith. On Voice in Poetry: The Work of Animation. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. 202 Pp. [REVIEW]Jonathan Culler - 2017 - Critical Inquiry 43 (4):896-897.
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  39.  8
    David M. Smith, Ed., English Episcopal Acta, 1: Lincoln, 1067–1185. London and New York: Oxford University Press, for the British Academy, 1980. Pp. Lxiv, 257; 4 Black-and-White Plates. $125. [REVIEW]Fredric L. Cheyette - 1981 - Speculum 56 (1):222.
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  40.  10
    David M. Smith, Guide to Bishops' Registers of England and Wales: A Survey From the Middle Ages to the Abolition of Episcopacy in 1646. London: Royal Historical Society, 1981. Pp. Xvi, 286. £15. [REVIEW]R. H. Helmholz - 1982 - Speculum 57 (3):687.
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  41.  18
    Friedman, Galileo, and Reciprocal Iteration.David Marshall Miller - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1293-1305.
    In Dynamics of Reason (2001), Michael Friedman uses the example of Galilean rectilinear inertia to support his defense of scientific rationality against post-positivist skepticism. However, Friedman’s treatment of the case is flawed, such that his model of scientific change fails to fit the historical evidence. I present the case of Galileo, showing how it supports Friedman’s view of scientific knowledge, but undermines his view of scientific change. I then suggest reciprocal iteration as an amendment of Friedman’s view that better accounts (...)
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  42.  56
    Michael J. Sauter. The Spatial Reformation: Euclid Between Man, Cosmos, and God. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019. Pp. 327. $89.95 (Cloth). ISBN 978-0-812-25066-4. [REVIEW]David Marshall Miller - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
  43.  19
    Models of Intelligibility in Galileo's Mechanical Science.David Marshall Miller - 2017 - In Marcus Adams, Zvi Biener, Uljana Feest & Jaqueline Sullivan (eds.), Eppur Si Muove: Doing History and Philosophy of Science with Peter Machamer, A Collection of Essays in Honor of Peter Machamer. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 39-54.
    Based on an examination of Galileo’s mechanics, Peter Machamer and Andrea Woody (and Machamer alone in subsequent articles) proposed the scientific use of what they call models of intelligibility. As they define it, a model of intelligibility (MOI) is a concrete phenomenon that guides scientific understanding of problematic cases. This paper extends Machamer and Woody’s analysis by elaborating the semantic function of MOIs. MOIs are physical embodiments of theoretical representations. Therefore, they eliminate the interpretive distance between theory and phenomena, creating (...)
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  44. O Male Factum: Rectilinearity and Kepler's Discovery of the Ellipse.David Marshall Miller - 2008 - Journal for the History of Astronomy 39.
    In 1596, in the Mysterium Cosmographicum, a twenty-five-year-old Johannes Kepler rashly banished lines from the universe. They “scarcely admit of order,” he wrote, and God himself could have no use for them in this “well-ordered universe.” Twenty-five years later, though, Kepler had come to repent the temerity of his youth. “O male factum!” he lamented in a 1621 second edition of the Mysterium – “O what a mistake” it was to dismiss lines, for linearity is revealed in those most perfect (...)
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  45.  21
    Regressus and Empiricism in the Controversy About Galileo’s Lunar Observations.David Marshall Miller - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (3):293-324.
    One of the distinctive features of modern science is a commitment to empiricism—a fundamental expectation that theoretical hypotheses will survive encounters with observations. Those that comport with the theory's explanations and predictions confirm the theory. Anomalous observations that do not fit theoretical expectations disconfirm it. Moreover, experiments can be contrived to generate observations that might serve to confirm or disconfirm a theory. Philosophers of science may disagree as to how exactly all of this is supposed to work, but the basic (...)
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  46.  9
    Review of Eileen Reeves and Albert Van Helden, Trans., On Sunspots. [REVIEW]David Marshall Miller - 2012 - Aestimatio 9:97-102.
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  47.  33
    Review of Stephen Gaukroger, The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity 1210-1685[REVIEW]David Marshall Miller - 2008 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (3).
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  48. The Cambridge History of Philosophy of the Scientific Revolution.David Marshall Miller & Dana Jalobeanu (eds.) - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    The early modern era produced the Scientific Revolution, which originated our present understanding of the natural world. Concurrently, philosophers established the conceptual foundations of modernity. This rich and comprehensive volume surveys and illuminates the numerous and complicated interconnections between philosophical and scientific thought as both were radically transformed from the late sixteenth to the mid-eighteenth century. The chapters explore reciprocal influences between philosophy and physics, astronomy, mathematics, medicine, and other disciplines, and show how thinkers responded to an immense range of (...)
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  49.  25
    Exploring Modality Switching Effects in Negated Sentences: Further Evidence for Grounded Representations.Lea A. Hald, Ian Hocking, David Vernon, Julie-Ann Marshall & Alan Garnham - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
    heories of embodied cognition (e.g., Perceptual Symbol Systems Theory; Barsalou, 1999, 2009) suggest that modality specific simulations underlie the representation of concepts. Supporting evidence comes from modality switch costs: participants are slower to verify a property in one modality (e.g., auditory, BLENDER-loud) after verifying a property in a different modality (e.g., gustatory, CRANBERRIES-tart) compared to the same modality (e.g., LEAVES-rustling, Pecher et al., 2003). Similarly, modality switching costs lead to a modulation of the N400 effect in event-related potentials (ERPs; Collins (...)
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  50.  26
    Book Review:Participation in Social and Political Activities. David Horton Smith[REVIEW]Jan Smith - 1983 - Ethics 93 (2):411-.
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