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Profile: David McNaughton (Florida State University)
  1. Moral Vision: An Introduction to Ethics.David McNaughton - 1988 - Blackwell.
    This book introduces the reader to ethics by examining a current and important debate. During the last fifty years the orthodox position in ethics has been a broadly non-cognitivist one: since there are no moral facts, moral remarks are best understood, not as attempting to describe the world, but as having some other function - such as expressing the attitudes or preferences of the speaker. In recent years this position has been increasingly challenged by moral realists who maintain that there (...)
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  2.  56
    III-In Defence of Unconditional Forgiveness.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2003 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):39-60.
    In this paper, the principal objections to unconditional forgiveness are canvassed, primarily that it fails to take wrongdoing seriously enough, and that it displays a lack of self-respect. It is argued that these objections stem from a mistaken understanding of what forgiveness actually involves, including the erroneous view that forgiveness involves some degree of condoning of the offence, and is incompatible with blaming the offender or punishing him. Two positive reasons for endorsing unconditional forgiveness are considered: respect for persons and (...)
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  3. Forgiveness.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2010 - Routledge.
    Forgiveness usually gets a very good press in our culture: we are deluged with self-help books and television shows all delivering the same message, that forgiveness is good for everyone, and is always the right thing to do. But those who have suffered seriously at the hands of others often and rightly feel that this boosterism about forgiveness is glib and facile. Perhaps forgiveness is not always desirable, especially where the wrongdoing is terrible or the wrongdoer unrepentant. In this book, (...)
     
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  4.  90
    Unprincipled Ethics.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 1988 - In Brad Hooker & Margaret Olivia Little (eds.), Moral Particularism. Clarendon Press.
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  5. In Defence of Unconditional Forgiveness.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2002 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 103 (1):39–60.
    In this paper, the principal objections to unconditional forgiveness are canvassed, primarily that it fails to take wrongdoing seriously enough, and that it displays a lack of self-respect. It is argued that these objections stem from a mistaken understanding of what forgiveness actually involves, including the erroneous view that forgiveness involves some degree of condoning of the offence, and is incompatible with blaming the offender or punishing him. Two positive reasons for endorsing unconditional forgiveness are considered: respect for persons and (...)
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  6. Normative Ethics.R. G. Frey, Brad Hooker, F. M. Kamm, Thomas E. Hill Jr, Geoffrey Sayre-McCord, David McNaughton, Jan Narveson, Michael Slote, Alison M. Jaggar & William R. Schroeder - 2000 - In Hugh LaFollette - (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory. Blackwell.
     
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  7.  86
    An Unconnected Heap of Duties?David McNaughton - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (185):433-447.
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  8. On Defending Deontology.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 1998 - Ratio 11 (1):37–54.
    This paper comprises three sections. First, we offer a traditional defence of deontology, in the manner of, for example, W.D. Ross (1965). The leading idea of such a defence is that the right is independent of the good. Second, we modify the now standard account of the distinction, in terms of the agent-relative/agentneutral divide, between deontology and consequentialism. (This modification is necessary if indirect consequentialism is to count as a form of consequentialism.) Third, we challenge a value-based defence of deontology (...)
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  9.  54
    Agent-Relativity and the Doing-Happening Distinction.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 63 (2):167 - 185.
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  10.  36
    Honoring and Promoting Values.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 1992 - Ethics 102 (4):835-843.
  11.  58
    Mapping Moral Motivation.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 1998 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 1 (1):45-59.
    In this paper we defend a version of moral internalism and a cognitivist account of motivation against recent criticisms. The internalist thesis we espouse claims that, if an agent believes she has reason to A, then she is motivated to A. Discussion of counter-examples has been clouded by the absence of a clear account of the nature of motivation. While we can only begin to provide such an account in this paper, we do enough to show that our version of (...)
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  12. Achievement, Welfare and Consequentialism.David Mcnaughton & Piers Rawling - 2001 - Analysis 61 (2):156–162.
    significant role for accomplishment thereby admits a ‘Trojan Horse’ (267).1 To abandon hedonism in favour of a conception of well-being that incorporates achievement is to take the first step down a slippery slope toward the collapse of the other two pillars of utilitarian morality: welfarism and consequentialism. We shall argue that Crisp’s arguments do not support these conclusions. We begin with welfarism. Crisp defines it thus: ‘Well-being is the only value. Everything good must be good for some being or beings’ (...)
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  13.  91
    Value and Agent-Relative Reasons.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (1):31.
    In recent years the distinction between agent-relative and agent-neutral reasons has been taken by many to play a key role in distinguishing deontology from consequentialism. It is central to all universalist consequentialist theories that value is determined impersonally; the real value of any state of affairs does not depend on the point of view of the agent. No reference, therefore, to the agent or to his or her position in the world need enter into a consequentialist understanding of what makes (...)
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  14. Can Scanlon Avoid Redundancy by Passing the Buck?David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2003 - Analysis 63 (4):328–331.
    Scanlon suggests a buck-passing account of goodness. To say that something is good is not to give a reason to, say, favour it; rather it is to say that there are such reasons. When it comes to wrongness, however, Scanlon rejects a buck-passing account: to say that j ing is wrong is, on his view, to give a sufficient moral reason not to j. Philip Stratton-Lake 2003 argues that Scanlon can evade a redundancy objection against his (Scanlon’s) view of wrongness (...)
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  15. Naturalism and Normativity.David McNaughton, Piers Rawling & Sabina Lovibond - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):23 - 45.
    Simon Blackburn can be seen as challenging those committed to sui generis moral facts to explain the supervenience of the moral on the descriptive. We (like perhaps Derek Parfit) hold that normative facts in general are sui generis. We also hold that the normative supervenes on the descriptive, and we here endeavour to answer the generalization of Blackburn's challenge. In the course of pursuing this answer, we suggest that Frank Jackson's descriptivism rests on a conception of properties inappropriate to discussions (...)
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  16.  21
    Speak No Evil?1.Eve Garrard & David Mcnaughton - 2012 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):1-17.
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  17. Intuitionism.David McNaughton - 2000 - In Hugh LaFollette - (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to Ethical Theory. Blackwell. pp. 268--87.
     
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  18.  3
    Duty, Rationality, and Practical Reasons.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2004 - In Piers Rawling & Alfred R. Mele (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Rationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 110--131.
    McNaughton and Rawling present a view on which practical reasons are facts, such as the fact that the rubbish bin is full. This is a non-normative fact, but it is a reason for you to do something, namely take the rubbish out. They see rationality as a matter of consistency. And they see duty as neither purely a matter of rationality nor of practical reason: on the one hand, the rational sociopath is immoral; but, on the other, morality does not (...)
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  19. Humility: From Sacred Virtue to Secular Vice?Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - unknown
    Some of the virtues have a very stable place in our understanding of goodness – beneficence and courage are unlikely ever to lose their high standing. But other virtues have something like a life cycle: they move from a marginal status to to a central one, and sometimes they move back again to the margins, or even beyond the domain of virtue altogether. Chastity is one example of this; humility is another. There was a period in which humility wasn’t a (...)
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  20.  58
    Conditional and Conditioned Reasons.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2002 - Utilitas 14 (2):240.
    This paper is a brief reponse to some of Douglas Portmore's criticisms of our version of the agent-relative/agent-neutral distinction.
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  21.  26
    A Distinctively Moral Scepticism?David McNaughton - 2008 - Philosophical Books 49 (3):207-217.
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  22.  88
    Deontology.David McNaughton, Florida State University & Piers Rawling - 2007 - In David Copp (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory. Oup Usa.
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  23. McGinn on Experience of Primary and Secondary Qualities.David McNaughton - 1984 - Analysis 44 (2):78-80.
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  24.  70
    Why Is So Much Philosophy So Tedious?David Mcnaughton - 2009 - Florida Philosophical Review 9 (2):1-13.
    Why is so much philosophy so tedious? Not, or not simply, because it is technical and complex, but because—too often—it displays mere cleverness. Implausible theories are defended against objections by ever more sophisticated technical fiddling with the details. Originality and creativity are in short supply. I argue that this is bad for philosophy, bad for philosophers, and almost inevitable given various structural features of the profession which require early and prolific publication. As a profession we are autonomous—we could change our (...)
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  25.  56
    Forgiving for Good.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 52 (52):43-48.
    The repentant offender has placed himself on the side of right, so to speak – he now stands with the victim against his own previous bad behaviour, which he now rejects. He’s a proper recipient for the gift of forgiveness. It can be morally appropriate to wipe the slate clean for him. But the unrepentant offender has undergone no such change. Why should we wipe the slate clean for such a person?
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  26.  31
    Is God (Almost) a Consequentialist? Swinburne's Moral Theory.David Mcnaughton - 2002 - Religious Studies 38 (3):265-281.
    Swinburne offers a greater-goods defence to the problem of evil within a deontological framework. Yet deontologists characteristically hold that we have no right to inflict great evil on any individual to bring about the greater good. Swinburne accepts that humans generally do not have that right, but argues that God, as the supreme care-giver, does. I contend that Swinburne's argument that care-givers have such a right is flawed, and defend the classical deontological objection to imposing evils that good may come.
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  27.  36
    Reparation and Atonement.David Mcnaughton - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (2):129 - 144.
    Richard Swinburne (in his "Responsibility and Atonement") argues for a sacrificial version of the Atonement, in which the individual penitent offers the life of Christ to God in (partial) reparation for his sins. I argue that any version of this account is both conceptually incoherent and morally unsatisfying and offer in its place a version of the exemplary theory of the Atonement which, I claim, meets the conditions he lays down for any satisfactory account.
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  28.  2
    Joseph Mendola, Human Interests or Ethics for Physicalists , Pp. X + 412.David Mcnaughton - 2017 - Utilitas 29 (1):132-135.
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  29.  51
    Agent-Relativity and Terminological Inexactitudes.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 1995 - Utilitas 7 (2):319.
  30. Conditional Unconditional Forgiveness.Eve Garrad & David McNaughton - 2011 - In Christel Fricke (ed.), The Ethics of Forgiveness: A Collection of Essays. Routledge.
     
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  31.  22
    Deontology and Value.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2000 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 47:197-208.
    Integration and coherence are central values in human existence. It would be a serious objection to any proposed way of life that it led to us being alienated or cut off from others or from some importan part of ourselves. Morality, with the strenuous demands it makes on us, is one area in which alienation is both particularly threatening and peculiarly undesirable. If morality cuts us off from some important part of ourselves then it appears unattractive, and if it cuts (...)
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  32.  41
    E. F. Paul, F. D. Miller Jr and J. Paul , Cultural Pluralism and Moral Knowledge, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994, Pp. 301. [REVIEW]David Mcnaughton - 1999 - Utilitas 11 (2):251.
  33.  36
    Benefits, Holism, and the Aggregation of Value.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2009 - Social Philosophy and Policy 26 (1):354-374.
    We reject Moorean holism about value—the view that the value of the whole does not equal the sum of the values of its parts. We propose an alternative aggregative holism according to which the value of a state of affairs is the sum of the values of its constituent states. But these constituents must be evaluated in situ.
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  34.  33
    Review of Michael Huemer, Ethical Intuitionism[REVIEW]David McNaughton - 2006 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (9).
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  35.  14
    Particularism.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), The International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  36.  8
    On C. D. Broad’s “On the Function of False Hypotheses in Ethics”.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2015 - Ethics 125 (2):512-516.
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  37.  7
    Moral Perception and Particularity by Lawrence A. Blum. [REVIEW]David McNaughton - 1996 - Journal of Philosophy 93 (2):89-92.
  38.  10
    The Importance of Being Human.David McNaughton - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:63-81.
    I wish from my Heart, I could avoid concluding, that since Morality, according to your Opinion as well as mine, is determin'd merely by Sentiment, it regards only human Nature & human Life. … If Morality were determin'd by Reason, that is the same to all rational Beings: But nothing but Experience can assure us, that the Sentiments are the same. What Experience have we with regard to superior Beings? How can we ascribe to them any Sentiments at all? They (...)
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  39.  19
    :Picturing the Human: The Moral Thought of Iris Murdoch.David McNaughton - 2002 - Ethics 112 (4):818-820.
    Iris Murdoch has long been known as one of the most deeply insightful and morally passionate novelists of our time. This attention has often eclipsed Murdoch's sophisticated and influential work as a philosopher, which has had a wide-ranging impact on thinkers in moral philosophy as well as religious ethics and political theory. Yet it has never been the subject of a book-length study in its own right. Picturing the Human seeks to fill this gap. In this groundbreaking book, author Maria (...)
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  40.  9
    Naturalism And Normativity: Reply to McNaughton and Rawling.David McNaughton, Piers Rawling & Sabina Lovibond - 2004 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 104 (1):187-203.
    McNaughton and Rawling's anti-reductionist intentions are to be welcomed, but are not well served by their continuing adherence to a neo-Humean notion of the 'descriptive'. Their too-willing acceptance of this notion is reflected in a denial of appropriate dialectical weight to considerations about the way 'pattern' disappears from the domain of value when we try to characterize the constituent features of the latter in non-evaluative terms. The need for a satisfactory account of the immanence of value in nature is real (...)
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  41.  9
    Response to Diamond.David McNaughton - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:85-86.
    Where two people differ about the application of some term to a particular object, to what can they appeal to settle their disagreement? In my paper I suggested that the disputants can legitimately draw attention to various features of the contested case to try to show the continuity, or lack of it, between this case and other instances that fall under the concept. In so doing they are offering reasons to justify their judgement in this particular case.
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  42.  17
    Kant's System of Rights.David Mcnaughton - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (1):17-19.
  43.  15
    Thick Concepts Revisited: A Reply to Burton.Eve Garrard & David McNaughton - 1993 - Analysis 53 (1):57 - 58.
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  44.  7
    Philosophy News.David McNaughton, Christopher Chern, How Many Selves Make Me, Stephen Rl, He is Like & Ilham Dilman - forthcoming - Cogito.
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  45.  4
    J. Skorupski (Ed.),The Routledge Companion to Ethics (Abingdon: Routledge, 2010), 850 Pages. ISBN: 9780415413626 (Hbk); 9780415415163 (Pbk). Hardback $225; Paperback $50. [REVIEW]David McNaughton - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (3):368-370.
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  46.  6
    Contours of the Practical.David Mcnaughton & Piers Rawling - 2013 - In David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.), Thinking About Reasons: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Dancy. Oxford University Press. pp. 240.
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  47.  1
    From Darkness Into Light? Reflections on Wandering in Darkness.David McNaughton - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (3):123--135.
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  48.  1
    Naturalism and Normativity.David Mcnaughton - 2003 - Supplement to the Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 77 (1):23-45.
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  49.  9
    Constancy and the Ethics of Jane Austen's Mansfield Park (Review).David McNaughton - 2011 - Philosophy and Literature 35 (2):410-412.
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  50.  2
    I—David McNaughton and Piers Rawling: Descriptivism, Normativity and the Metaphysics of Reasons.David McNaughton & Piers Rawling - 2003 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 77 (1):23-45.
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