Results for 'David P. Nichols'

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  1.  5
    Van Gogh Among the Philosophers: Painting, Thinking, Being: Edited by David P. Nichols, Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2018, 264 Pp., $100.00 , ISBN 978-1498531351.Paul Kidder - 2019 - Comparative and Continental Philosophy 11 (3):292-294.
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  2. Transcendence and Film: Cinematic Encounters with the Real.David P. Nichols (ed.) - 2019 - Lexington Books.
    In this book, ten experts in philosophy of film explore the importance of transcendence for cinema as an art form in the films of the great directors, David Cronenberg, Karl Theodor Dreyer, Federico Fellini, Werner Herzog, Stanley Kubrick, David Lynch, Terrence Malick, Yasujiro Ozu, and Martin Scorsese.
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  3.  6
    « Review Of: Mary P. Nichols, Socrates On Friendship And Community: Reflections On Plato’s Symposium, Phaedrus, And Lysis ; And Laurence D. Cooper, Eros In Plato, Rousseau, And Nietzsche: The Politics Of Infinity ».David Konstan - 2010 - Plato Journal 10.
    Mary P. Nichols, Socrates on Friendship and Community: Reflections on Plato’s Symposium, Phaedrus, and Lysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. viii + 229. ISBN 978-0-521-89973-4. Laurence D. Cooper, Eros in Plato, Rousseau, and Nietzsche: The Politics of Infinity. University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2008. Pp. xii + 357. ISBN 978-0-271-03330-3.
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  4.  33
    FRom Hope to Despair in Thessalonica: Situating 1 and 2 Thessalonians. By Colin R Nicholl, Theological Hermeneutics and 1 Thessalonians. By Angus Paddison, Reading Romans Through the Centuries: FRom the Early Church to Karl Barth. Edited by Jeffrey P Greenman and Timothy Larsen, Social-Science Commentary of the Letters of Paul. By Bruce J Malina and John J Pilch, Re-Examining Paul's Letters: The History of the Pauline Correspondence. By Bo Reicke and Edited by David P Moessner and Ingalisa Reicke and a Feminist Companion to Paul. Edited by Amy-Jill Levine. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Turner - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (4):621–625.
  5.  81
    Varieties of Off-Line Simulation.Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. pp. 39-74.
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
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  6.  60
    New Books. [REVIEW]H. H. Price, David Pears, William Kneale, Max Black, A. F. Peters, George E. Hughes, Margaret Macdonald, G. J. Warnock, T. D. Weldon, R. F. Holland, H. D. Lewis, Antony Flew, W. G. Maclagan, J. Harrison, Richard Wollheim, P. L. Heath, Donald Nicholl, Patrick Gardiner & Ernest Gellner - 1951 - Mind 60 (240):550-583.
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  7. Shakespeare's Last Plays: Essays in Literature and Politics.John E. Alvis, Glenn C. Arbery, David N. Beauregard, Paul A. Cantor, John Freeh, Richard Harp, Peter Augustine Lawler, Mary P. Nichols, Nathan Schlueter, Gerard B. Wegemer & R. V. Young - 2002 - Lexington Books.
     
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  8. Living Professionalism: Reflections on the Practice of Medicine.Mona Ahmed, Amy Baernstein, Rick Boyte, Mark G. Brennan, Alison S. Clay, David J. Doukas, Denise Gibson, Andrew P. Jacques, Christian J. Krautkramer, Justin M. List, Sandra McNeal, Gwen L. Nichols, Bonnie Salomon, Thomas Schindler, Kathy Stepien & Norma E. Wagoner (eds.) - 2006 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    A collection of personal narratives and essays, Living Professionalism is designed to help medical students and residents understand and internalize various aspects of professionalism. These essays are meant for personal reflection and above all, for thoughtful discussion with mentors, with peers, with others throughout the health care provider community who care about acting professionally.
     
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  9.  42
    Book Reviews and Notices. [REVIEW]Sita Anantha Raman, Robert Nichols Richard, Joshua Searle-White, Heather T. Frazer, Timothy Lubin, Robin Rinehart, Joel R. Smith, Andrea Pinkney, David Gordon White, John Powers, Phyllis Herman, Lawrence A. Babb, Carl Olson, June McDaniel, Knut A. Jacobsen, John E. Cort, Gregory P. Fields & Jeffrey J. Kripal - 2000 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 4 (2):185-216.
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  10. Socratic Philosophy and its Others.Michael Davis, Catherine H. Zuckert, Gwenda-lin Grewal, Mary P. Nichols, Denise Schaeffer, Christopher A. Colmo, David Corey, Matthew Dinan, Jacob Howland, Evanthia Speliotis, Ronna Burger & Christopher Dustin (eds.) - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    Engaging a broad range of Platonic dialogues, this collection of essays by distinguished scholars in political theory and philosophy explores the relation of Socratic philosophizing to those activities with which it is typically opposed—such as tyranny, sophistry, poetry, and rhetoric. The essays show that the harder one tries to disentangle Socrates’ own activity from that of its apparent opposite, the more entangled they become; yet, it is only by taking this entanglement seriously that the distinctive character of Socratic philosophy emerges. (...)
     
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  11.  34
    Omniprescient Agency: DAVID P. HUNT.David P. Hunt - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (3):351-369.
    The principle that One cannot deliberate over what one already knows is going to happen, when suitably qualified, has seemed to many philosophers to be about as secure a truth as one is likely to find in this life.Fortunately, poses little restriction on human deliberation, since the conditions which would trigger its prohibition seldom arise for us: our knowledge of the future is intermittent at best, and those things of which we do have advance knowledge are not the sorts of (...)
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  12.  18
    The Compatibility of Omniscience and Intentional Action: A Reply to Tomis Kapitan: DAVID P. HUNT.David P. Hunt - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):49-60.
    The paper that follows continues a discussion with Tomis Kapitan in the pages of this journal over the compatibility of divine agency with divine foreknowledge. I had earlier argued against two premises in Kapitan's case for omniscient impotence: that intentionally A-ing presupposes prior acquisition of the intention to A, and that acquiring the intention to A presupposes prior ignorance whether one will A. In response to my criticisms, Kapitan has recently offered new defences for these two premises. I show in (...)
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  13.  61
    Middle Knowledge and the Soteriological Problem of Evil: DAVID P. HUNT.David P. Hunt - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (1):3-26.
    According to the thesis of divine ‘middle knowledge’, first propounded by the Jesuit theologian Luis de Molina in the sixteenth century, subjunctive conditionals stating how free agents would freely respond under counter-factual conditions may be straightforwardly true, and thus serve as the objects of divine knowledge. This thesis has provoked considerable controversy, and the recent revival of interest in middle knowledge, initiated by Anthony Kenny, Robert Adams and Alvin Plantinga in the 1970s, has led to two ongoing debates. One is (...)
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  14. Folk Psychology.Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols - 2002 - In Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Blackwell. pp. 35-71.
    For the last 25 years discussions and debates about commonsense psychology (or “folk psychology,” as it is often called) have been center stage in the philosophy of mind. There have been heated disagreements both about what folk psychology is and about how it is related to the scientific understanding of the mind/brain that is emerging in psychology and the neurosciences. In this chapter we will begin by explaining why folk psychology plays such an important role in the philosophy of mind. (...)
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  15. A Cognitive Theory of Pretense.Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols - 2000 - Cognition 74 (2):115-147.
    Recent accounts of pretense have been underdescribed in a number of ways. In this paper, we present a much more explicit cognitive account of pretense. We begin by describing a number of real examples of pretense in children and adults. These examples bring out several features of pretense that any adequate theory of pretense must accommodate, and we use these features to develop our theory of pretense. On our theory, pretense representations are contained in a separate mental workspace, a Possible (...)
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  16.  23
    Metaphysics and Cognitive Science.Alvin I. Goldman & Brian P. McLaughlin (eds.) - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction Alvin I. Goldman and Brian P. McLaughlin Section I: What Might Be the Role of Cognitive Science in Metaphysics? Chapter 1: Time Lost, Time Regained Craig Callender Chapter 2: Cognitive Science and Metaphysics: Partners in Debunking Jonathan Schaffer Section II: Ethics and Cognitive Science Chapter 3: Moral Metaphysics, Moral Psychology, and the Cognitive Sciences Peter Railton Chapter 4: Debunking and Vindicating in Moral Psychology Shaun Nichols Section III: God and Cognitive Science Chapter 5: On Perceiving God: Prospects for (...)
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  17. Seeing is Believing: The Effect of Brain Images on Judgments of Scientific Reasoning.David P. McCabe & Alan D. Castel - 2008 - Cognition 107 (1):343-352.
  18. Collective Intentionality.David P. Schweikard & Hans Bernhard Schmid - 2012 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  19. Second Thoughts on Simulation.Stephen P. Stich & Shaun Nichols - 1995 - In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell.
    The essays in this volume make it abundantly clear that there is no shortage of disagreement about the plausibility of the simulation theory. As we see it, there are at least three factors contributing to this disagreement. In some instances the issues in dispute are broadly empirical. Different people have different views on which theory is favored by experiments reported in the literature, and different hunches about how future experiments are likely to turn out. In 3.1 and 3.3 we will (...)
     
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  20.  17
    'An Aristocracy of Exalted Spirits': The Idea of the Church in Newman's Tamworth Reading Room by David P. Delio.David P. Deavel - 2017 - Newman Studies Journal 14 (1):78-80.
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  21. Moral Responsibility and Unavoidable Action.David P. Hunt - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 97 (2):195-227.
    The principle of alternate possibilities (PAP), making the ability to do otherwise a necessary condition for moral responsibility, is supposed by Harry Frankfurt, John Fischer, and others to succumb to a peculiar kind of counterexample. The paper reviews the main problems with the counterexample that have surfaced over the years, and shows how most can be addressed within the terms of the current debate. But one problem seems ineliminable: because Frankfurt''s example relies on a counterfactual intervener to preclude alternatives to (...)
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  22. The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1969 - Clarendon Press.
    I THE NATURE OF MAN To understand morals and politics, understand man. Leviathan , 'that mortal god, to which we owe under the immortal God, our peace and ...
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  23.  93
    Moral Responsibility and Buffered Alternatives.David P. Hunt - 2005 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 29 (1):126–145.
  24. Sociosexuality From Argentina to Zimbabwe: A 48-Nation Study of Sex, Culture, and Strategies of Human Mating.David P. Schmitt - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):247-275.
    The Sociosexual Orientation Inventory (SOI; Simpson & Gangestad 1991) is a self-report measure of individual differences in human mating strategies. Low SOI scores signify that a person is sociosexually restricted, or follows a more monogamous mating strategy. High SOI scores indicate that an individual is unrestricted, or has a more promiscuous mating strategy. As part of the International Sexuality Description Project (ISDP), the SOI was translated from English into 25 additional languages and administered to a total sample of 14,059 people (...)
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  25. Morality and Advantage.David P. Gauthier - 1967 - Philosophical Review 76 (4):460-475.
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  26.  4
    Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes From Morals by Agreement.David P. Gauthier & Robert Sugden - 1993
    Here a group of philosophers, economists and political theorists discuss the work of David Gauthier, which seeks to show that rational individuals would accept certain moral constraints on their choices. The possibilities and limitations of a contractarian approach to issues of justice is analyzed.
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  27.  38
    Moral Dealing: Contract, Ethics, and Reason.David P. Gauthier - 1990 - Cornell University Press.
  28. Practical Reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1963 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
     
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  29.  18
    Divine Providence: The Molinist Account.David P. Hunt - 1998 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 47 (1):62-64.
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  30. Frankfurt Counterexamples: Some Comments on the Widerker-Fischer Debate.David P. Hunt - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (3):395-401.
    One strategy in recent discussions of theological fatalism is to draw on Harry Frankfurt’s famous counterexamples to the principle of alternate possibilities to defend human freedom from divine foreknowledge. For those who endorse this line, “Frankfurt counterexamples” are supposed to show that PAP is false, and this conclusion is then extended to the foreknowledge case. This makes it critical to determine whether Frankfurt counterexamples perform as advertised, an issue recently debated in this journal via a pair of articles by (...) Widerker and John Martin Fischer. I suggest that this debate can be avoided: divine foreknowledge is itself aparadigmatic counterexample to PAP, requiring no support from suspect Frankfurt counterexamples. (shrink)
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  31. Category Theory and Concrete Universals.David P. Ellerman - 1988 - Erkenntnis 28 (3):409 - 429.
  32.  2
    The Logic of Leviathan: The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.David P. Gauthier - 1969 - Oxford University Press.
    The Logic of Leviathan The Moral and Political Theory of Thomas Hobbes.
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  33.  49
    Intellectual Trespassing as a Way of Life: Essays in Philosophy, Economics, and Mathematics.David P. Ellerman - 1995 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Dramatic changes or revolutions in a field of science are often made by outsiders or 'trespassers,' who are not limited by the established, 'expert' approaches. Each essay in this diverse collection shows the fruits of intellectual trespassing and poaching among fields such as economics, Kantian ethics, Platonic philosophy, category theory, double-entry accounting, arbitrage, algebraic logic, series-parallel duality, and financial arithmetic.
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  34.  37
    Do Action Systems Resist Visual Illusions?David P. Carey - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (3):109-113.
  35. Locke on Persons and Personal Identity.David P. Behan - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):53 - 75.
    Criticism of Locke's account of personal identity has proceeded cumulatively. Three years after the publication of the chapter “Of Identity and Diversity”, John Sergeant raised an objection which, in Bishop Butler's hands, was to become famous as the dictum that “one should really think it self-evident that consciousness of personal identity presupposes, and therefore cannot constitute, personal identity: any more than knowledge, in any other case, can constitute truth, which it presupposes”. Berkeley added, in effect, that when consciousness is taken (...)
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  36.  14
    The New International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for International Law and Public Health.David P. Fidler & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):85-94.
    The World Health Assembly adopted the new International Health Regulations on May 23, 2005. The new IHR represent the culmination of a decade-long revision process and an historic development for international law and public health. The new IHR appear at a moment when public health, security, and democracy have become intertwined, addressed at the highest levels of government. The United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan, for example, identified IHR revision as a priority for moving humanity toward “larger freedom.” This article analyzes (...)
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  37. Practical Reasoning.David P. Gauthier - 1965 - Mind 74 (293):116-125.
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  38.  18
    Relationships Between Shame and Guilt in the Socializing Process.David P. Ausubel - 1955 - Psychological Review 62 (5):378-390.
  39. Divine Providence and Simple Foreknowledge.David P. Hunt - 1993 - Faith and Philosophy 10 (3):394-414.
  40. Category Theory and Set Theory as Theories About Complementary Types of Universals.David P. Ellerman - 2017 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 26 (2):1-18.
    Instead of the half-century old foundational feud between set theory and category theory, this paper argues that they are theories about two different complementary types of universals. The set-theoretic antinomies forced naïve set theory to be reformulated using some iterative notion of a set so that a set would always have higher type or rank than its members. Then the universal u_{F}={x|F(x)} for a property F() could never be self-predicative in the sense of u_{F}∈u_{F}. But the mathematical theory of categories, (...)
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  41.  15
    Through the Quarantine Looking Glass: Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis and Public Health Governance, Law, and Ethics.David P. Fidler, Lawrence O. Gostin & Howard Markel - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):616-628.
    The incident in May-June 2007 involving a U.S. citizen traveling internationally while infected with drug-resistant tuberculosis involved the U.S. federal government's application of its quarantine and isolation powers. The incident and the isolation order raised numerous important issues for public health governance, law, and ethics. This article explores many of these issues by examining how the exercise of quarantine powers provides a powerful lens through which to understand how societies respond to and attempt to govern threats posed by dangerous, contagious (...)
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  42.  35
    On the Validity of Remember–Know Judgments: Evidence From Think Aloud Protocols.David P. McCabe, Lisa Geraci, Jeffrey K. Boman, Amanda E. Sensenig & Matthew G. Rhodes - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1625-1633.
    The use of remember–know judgments to assess subjective experience associated with memory retrieval, or as measures of recollection and familiarity processes, has been controversial. In the current study we had participants think aloud during study and provide verbal reports at test for remember–know and confidence judgments. Results indicated that the vast majority of remember judgments for studied items were associated with recollection from study , but this correspondence was less likely for high-confidence judgments . Instead, high-confidence judgments were more likely (...)
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  43.  85
    The New International Health Regulations: An Historic Development for International Law and Public Health.David P. Fidler & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (1):85-94.
    The adoption of the new International Health Regulations in May 2005 represents an historic development for international law and public health. This article describes the IHR revision process and analyzes why the new IHR constitute an advance in global health governance.
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  44.  52
    On Augustine’s Way Out.David P. Hunt - 1999 - Faith and Philosophy 16 (1):3-26.
    This paper seeks to rehabilitate St. Augustine’s widely dismissed response to the alleged incompatibility of divine foreknowledge and free will. This requires taking a fresh look at his analysis in On Free Choice of the Will, and arguing its relevance to the current debate. Along the way, mistaken interpretations of Augustine are rebutted, his real solution is developed and defended, a reason for his not anticipating Boethius’s a temporalist solution is suggested, a favorable comparison with Ockham is made, rival solutions (...)
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  45.  15
    The Phytotronist and the Phenotype: Plant Physiology, Big Science, and a Cold War Biology of the Whole Plant.David P. D. Munns - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 50:29-40.
  46.  13
    Sheaves of Structures and Generalized Ultraproducts.David P. Ellerman - 1974 - Annals of Mathematical Logic 7 (2):163.
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  47.  7
    Through the Quarantine Looking Glass: Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis and Public Health Governance, Law, and Ethics.David P. Fidler, Lawrence O. Gostin & Howard Markel - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):616-628.
    Dramatic events involving dangerous microbes often focus attention on isolation and quarantine as policy instruments. The incident in May-June 2007 involving Andrew Speaker and drug-resistant tuberculosis joins other communicable disease crises that have forced contemplation or actual application of quarantine powers. Implementation of quarantine powers, which encompasses authority for both isolation and quarantine actions, is important not only for the handling of a specific event but also because the use of such authority provides a window on broader issues of public (...)
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  48.  17
    Gene Ontology Annotations: What They Mean and Where They Come From.P. Hill David, Barry Smith, S. McAndrews-Hill Monica & A. Blake Judith - 2008 - BMC Bioinformatics 9 (Suppl 5):S2.
    The computational genomics community has come increasingly to rely on the methodology of creating annotations of scientific literature using terms from controlled structured vocabularies such as the Gene Ontology (GO). We here address the question of what such annotations signify and of how they are created by working biologists. Our goal is to promote a better understanding of how the results of experiments are captured in annotations in the hope that this will lead to better representations of biological reality through (...)
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  49.  53
    Sexual Strategies Theory: An Evolutionary Perspective on Human Mating.David M. Buss & David P. Schmitt - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (2):204-232.
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  50.  35
    In Defense of Verbal Learning.David P. Ausubel - 1961 - Educational Theory 11 (1):15-25.
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