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David M. Pena-Guzman [14]David Marcelo Peña-Guzmán [3]David Peña-Guzmán [2]
  1. The Harm of Ableism: Medical Error and Epistemic Injustice.David M. Peña-Guzmán & Joel Michael Reynolds - 2019 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 29 (3):205-242.
    This paper argues that epistemic errors rooted in group- or identity- based biases, especially those pertaining to disability, are undertheorized in the literature on medical error. After sketching dominant taxonomies of medical error, we turn to the field of social epistemology to understand the role that epistemic schemas play in contributing to medical errors that disproportionately affect patients from marginalized social groups. We examine the effects of this unequal distribution through a detailed case study of ableism. There are four primary (...)
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  2. The Philosophers' Brief on Chimpanzee Personhood.Kristin Andrews, Gary Comstock, Gillian Crozier, Sue Donaldson, Andrew Fenton, Tyler John, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert Jones, Will Kymlicka, Letitia Meynell, Nathan Nobis, David Pena-Guzman, James Rocha, Bernard Rollin, Jeff Sebo, Adam Shriver & Rebecca Walker - 2018 - Proposed Brief by Amici Curiae Philosophers in Support of the Petitioner-Appelllant Court of Appeals, State of New York,.
    In this brief, we argue that there is a diversity of ways in which humans (Homo sapiens) are ‘persons’ and there are no non-arbitrary conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can include all humans and exclude all nonhuman animals. To do so we describe and assess the four most prominent conceptions of ‘personhood’ that can be found in the rulings concerning Kiko and Tommy, with particular focus on the most recent decision, Nonhuman Rights Project, Inc v Lavery.
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  3. Chimpanzee Rights: The Philosophers' Brief.Kristin Andrews, Gary Comstock, G. K. D. Crozier, Sue Donaldson, Andrew Fenton, Tyler John, L. Syd M. Johnson, Robert Jones, Will Kymlicka, Letitia Meynell, Nathan Nobis, David M. Pena-Guzman & Jeff Sebo - 2018 - London: Routledge.
    In December 2013, the Nonhuman Rights Project (NhRP) filed a petition for a common law writ of habeas corpus in the New York State Supreme Court on behalf of Tommy, a chimpanzee living alone in a cage in a shed in rural New York (Barlow, 2017). Under animal welfare laws, Tommy’s owners, the Laverys, were doing nothing illegal by keeping him in those conditions. Nonetheless, the NhRP argued that given the cognitive, social, and emotional capacities of chimpanzees, Tommy’s confinement constituted (...)
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  4.  9
    Bergson’s philosophical method: At the edge of phenomenology and mathematics.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2020 - Continental Philosophy Review 53 (1):85-101.
    This article highlights the mathematical structure of Henri Bergson’s method. While Bergson has been historically interpreted as an anti-scientific and irrationalist philosopher, he modeled his philosophical methodology on the infinitesimal calculus developed by Leibniz and Newton in the seventeenth century. His philosophy, then, rests on the science of number, at least from a methodological standpoint. By looking at how he conscripted key mathematical concepts into his philosophy, this article invites us to re-imagine Bergson’s place in the history of Western philosophy.
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  5.  22
    Genetic Integrity, Conservation Biology and the Ethics of Non-Intervention.David M. Peña-Guzmán, G. K. D. Peña-Guzmán & Albrecht Schulte-Hostedde - 2015 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 18 (3):259-261.
  6.  62
    Deweyan Multicultural Democracy, Rortian Solidarity, and the Popular Arts: Krumping Into Presence.Deborah Seltzer-Kelly, Sean J. Westwood & David M. Peña-Guzman - 2010 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (5):441-457.
    Curiously, while the efficacy of the arts for the development of multicultural understandings has long been theorized, empirical studies of this effect have been lacking. This essay recounts our combined empirical and philosophical study of this issue. We explicate the philosophical considerations that shaped the development of the arts course we studied, which was grounded in rather traditional humanist educational thought, informed by Deweyan considerations for pedagogy and multiculturalism. We also provide an overview of the course and of the study (...)
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  7.  19
    Pathetic Normativity.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2013 - Chiasmi International 15:361-384.
    Inspired by the genetic phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and the historical epistemology of Georges Canguilhem, this paper defends a theory of normativity grounded in pathos rather than logos. Proceeding from the double assumption that accounts of the origins of normativity circulated in antiquity and modernity are unsatisfactory, and the determinacy of norms remains a central problem not only for moral theory but also for epistemology, political theory, and even medicine, the author contends that the realm of lived experience can help (...)
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  8.  1
    Not Phenomenology’s ‘Other’: Historical Epistemology’s Critique and Expansion of Phenomenology.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2020 - In Iulian Apostolescu (ed.), The Subject of Phenomenology. Rereading Husserl. Springer. pp. 355-380.
    While there are important tensions between French historical epistemology and classical phenomenology as modes of thought, fixation on these differences has obstructed recognition of their similarities. Using the writings of Jean Cavaillès and Gaston Bachelard as case studies, this chapter shows that historical epistemology may be read as simultaneously critiquing and expanding the phenomenological project originated by Husserl in the early twentieth century. The author rebuffs the widespread conception that historical epistemology is phenomenology’s ‘Other’ and calls for further research on (...)
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  9.  36
    Beauvoir's Reading of Biology in The Second Sex.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2016 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 24 (2):259-285.
    This article offers a systematic treatment of Beauvoir's reading of biology in The Second Sex. Following Gatens 's suggestion that this chapter has not received the scholarly consideration it demands and deserves, it explains key aspects of Beauvoir's relationship to biological reason by re-telling the story of Beauvoir's early life from the perspective of her scientific education, rationally reconstructing her argument in the chapter on "Biological Data," and exploring the philosophical orientation of her argument using the Frankfurt School model of (...)
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  10.  19
    The Nineteenth Century in Ruins: A Genealogy of French Historical Epistemology.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2016 - Foucault Studies 21:159-183.
    This article investigates the historical and philosophical background of the French tradition of historical epistemology. As a sort of ‘historical epistemology of historical epistemology,’ it traces some of the forces, incidents, and events that made possible the emergence of a new way of doing epistemology in the first half of the twentieth century in France. Three developments that occupy a position privilege in this narrative are: the collapse of German idealism, the birth of French positivism, and what the author calls (...)
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  11.  7
    French Historical Epistemology: Discourse, Concepts, and the Norms of Rationality.David M. Peña-Guzmán - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  12.  19
    A Legal-Political Framework for Feminist Bioethics: The Case of International Gestational Surrogacy.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2017 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 10 (1):50-77.
    In “The Critical Turn in Feminist Bioethics,” Margrit Shildrick argues that, while “the question of what constitutes a specifically feminist bioethics is far from self-evident”, a characteristically “feminist” approach to bioethical investigation must navigate the rapid waters of medical and clinical practice while avoiding two equally harmful tendencies that have the power to disarm feminist bioethics from within: first, the tendency to trade the concrete, pragmatic, and embodied dimensions of ethical life for abstract principles “far removed from the material and (...)
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  13.  14
    What is Psychology?David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2016 - Foucault Studies 21:200-213.
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  14.  13
    Pathetic Normativity: Canguilhem and Merleau-Ponty’s Philosophy of Norms.David M. Peña-Guzmán - 2013 - Chiasmi International 15:361-384.
    Inspired by the genetic phenomenology of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and the historical epistemology of Georges Canguilhem, this paper defends a theory of normativity grounded in pathos rather than logos. Proceeding from the double assumption that accounts of the origins of normativity circulated in antiquity and modernity are unsatisfactory, and the determinacy of norms remains a central problem not only for moral theory but also for epistemology, political theory, and even medicine, the author contends that the realm of lived experience can help (...)
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  15.  1
    Peirce's Philosophy of Mathematical Education: Fostering Reasoning Abilities for Mathematical Inquiry.Deborah Seltzer-Kelly, Sean J. Westwood & David M. Pena-Guzman - 2010 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (5):441-457.
    Curiously, while the efficacy of the arts for the development of multicultural understandings has long been theorized, empirical studies of this effect have been lacking. This essay recounts our combined empirical and philosophical study of this issue. We explicate the philosophical considerations that shaped the development of the arts course we studied, which was grounded in rather traditional humanist educational thought, informed by Deweyan considerations for pedagogy and multiculturalism. We also provide an overview of the course and of the study (...)
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  16.  2
    Review: Jennifer Mensch, Kant’s Organicism: Epigenesis and the Development of Critical Theory, Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 2013. [REVIEW]David Peña-Guzmán - 2015 - Con-Textos Kantianos 1:365-369.
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