Results for 'David Phillips Kaspar'

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  1.  58
    Contractualism and Moral Status.Phillips David - 1998 - Social Theory and Practice 24 (2):183-204.
    Contractualist moral theories are often criticized on the grounds that they have counterintuitive implications for moral status. In this paper I attempt to provide a comprehensive answer to the question: What forms of contractualism face this problem, and how serious is the problem? To do this I develop a classification of different kinds of contractualist theory, based on philosophical motivation.
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  2. Sidgwick’s Argument for Utilitarianism and His Moral Epistemology: A Reply to David Phillips.Anthony Skelton - 2013 - Revue d'Etudes Benthamiennes 12.
    David Phillips’s Sidgwickian Ethics is a penetrating contribution to the scholarly and philosophical understanding of Henry Sidgwick’s The Methods of Ethics. This note focuses on Phillips’s understanding of (aspects of) Sidgwick’s argument for utilitarianism and the moral epistemology to which he subscribes. In § I, I briefly outline the basic features of the argument that Sidgwick provides for utilitarianism, noting some disagreements with Phillips along the way. In § II, I raise some objections to Phillips’s (...)
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  3.  7
    David Phillips, Rossian Ethics: W. D. Ross and Contemporary Moral Theory (New York: Oxford University Press, 2019), Pp. 216. [REVIEW]Robert Shaver - 2020 - Utilitas 32 (4):506-509.
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  4.  31
    David Phillips, Sidgwickian Ethics (Oxford: University Press, 2011), Pp. Xii + 163.Hortense Geninet - 2014 - Utilitas 26 (2):226-229.
  5.  2
    Intuitionism.David Kaspar - 2012 - Continuum.
    Thinking about morality -- Story of contemporary intuitionism -- Moral knowledge -- New challenges to intuitionism -- Grounds of morality -- Right and the good reconsidered -- Intuitionism's rivals -- Being moral: how and why.
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  6. Symposium on David Phillips's Sidgwickian Ethics: Introduction.Anthony Skelton - 2013 - Revue d'Etudes Benthamiennes 12.
    This is a brief introduction to a symposium on David Phillips's Sidgwickian Ethics.
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  7. Review of David Phillips, Sidgwickian Ethics. [REVIEW]Anthony Skelton - 2015 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 12 (6):794-797.
    This is a critical review of David Phillips's Sidgwickian Ethics. The book deserves high praise.
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  8.  8
    The Mind of the Hungry Agent: Hunger, Affect and Appetite.Michele Davide Ombrato & Edgar Phillips - 2020 - Topoi 40 (3):517-526.
    The aim of this paper is to provide an account of how hunger motivates us to seek food and eat. It seems that the way that it feels to be hungry must play some role in it fulfilling this function. We propose that hunger is best viewed as a complex state involving both affective and somatic constituents, as well as, crucially, changes in the way in which the hungry agent’s attention is deployed. We argue that in order to capture the (...)
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  9.  44
    The Niche Construction Perspective: A Critical Appraisal.Thomas C. Scott-Phillips, Kevin N. Laland, David M. Shuker, Thomas E. Dickins & Stuart A. West - unknown
    Niche construction refers to the activities of organisms that bring about changes in their environments, many of which are evolutionarily and ecologically consequential. Advocates of niche construction theory (NCT) believe that standard evolutionary theory fails to recognize the full importance of niche construction, and consequently propose a novel view of evolution, in which niche construction and its legacy over time (ecological inheritance) are described as evolutionary processes, equivalent in importance to natural selection. Here, we subject NCT to critical evaluation, in (...)
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  10.  20
    Sidgwickian Ethics, by David Phillips.Katarzyna De Lazari-Radek - 2014 - Mind 123 (491):951-956.
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  11.  43
    Sidgwickian Ethics.David Phillips - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Sidgwick's metaethics -- Sidgwick's moral epistemology -- Utilitarianism versus dogmatic intuitionism -- Utilitarianism versus egoism.
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  12.  25
    How We Decide in Moral Situations.David Kaspar - 2015 - Philosophy 90 (1):59-81.
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  13.  41
    Corporate Governance and Business Ethics in the Asia-Pacific Region.David Kimber & Phillip Lipton - 2005 - Business and Society 44 (2):178-210.
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  14. Can Morality Do Without Prudence?David Kaspar - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (2):311-326.
    This paper argues that morality depends on prudence, or more specifically, that one cannot be a moral person without being prudent. Ethicists are unaware of this, ignore it, or imply it is wrong. Although this thesis is not obvious from the current perspective of ethics, I believe that its several implications for ethics make it worth examining. In this paper I argue for the prudence dependency thesis by isolating moral practice from all reliance on prudence. The result is that in (...)
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  15. Causal Superseding.Jonathan F. Kominsky, Jonathan Phillips, Tobias Gerstenberg, David Lagnado & Joshua Knobe - 2015 - Cognition 137:196-209.
    When agents violate norms, they are typically judged to be more of a cause of resulting outcomes. In this paper, we suggest that norm violations also affect the causality attributed to other agents, a phenomenon we refer to as "causal superseding." We propose and test a counterfactual reasoning model of this phenomenon in four experiments. Experiments 1 and 2 provide an initial demonstration of the causal superseding effect and distinguish it from previously studied effects. Experiment 3 shows that this causal (...)
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  16.  20
    Foundations of Rational Choice Under Risk.David Phillips - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (3):474-476.
  17.  37
    Fieldwork in Familiar Places: Morality, Culture, and Philosophy.David Phillips & Michele Moody-Adams - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (3):436.
    This book has two principle aims. The first is to criticize moral relativism by criticizing the claim that there are deep and rationally intractable moral disagreements. The second is to develop an account of morality and moral inquiry that allows for moral objectivity of a sort that relativists would deny, without modeling moral inquiry on scientific inquiry.
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  18. David Lewis: On the Plurality of Worlds.Phillip Bricker - 2006 - In John Shand (ed.), Central Works of Philosophy, Vol. 5: The Twentieth Century: Quine and After. Acumen Publishing.
    David Lewis's book 'On the Plurality of Worlds' mounts an extended defense of the thesis of modal realism, that the world we inhabit the entire cosmos of which we are a part is but one of a vast plurality of worlds, or cosmoi, all causally and spatiotemporally isolated from one another. The purpose of this article is to provide an accessible summary of the main positions and arguments in Lewis's book.
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  19.  62
    Sympathy for the Error Theorist: Parfit and Mackie.David Phillips - 2014 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 17 (3):559-566.
    Derek Parfit claims that “Williams and Mackie…do not use the normative concepts that I and other Non-Naturalists use.” Whatever we think of Parfit’s interpretation of Williams, his interpretation of Mackie should be rejected. For understandable historical reasons, Mackie’s texts are ambiguous. But if we apply to the interpretation of Mackie the same principle of charity Parfit employs in interpreting Williams, we find decisive reason to interpret Mackie as using the same normative concepts as Non-Naturalists.
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  20. Between Philosophy and Art.Jennifer A. McMahon, Elizabeth B. Coleman, David Macarthur, James Phillips & Daniel von Sturmer - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Popular Culture 5 (2/3):135-150.
    Similarity and difference, patterns of variation, consistency and coherence: these are the reference points of the philosopher. Understanding experience, exploring ideas through particular instantiations, novel and innovative thinking: these are the reference points of the artist. However, at certain points in the proceedings of our Symposium titled, Next to Nothing: Art as Performance, this characterisation of philosopher and artist respectively might have been construed the other way around. The commentator/philosophers referenced their philosophical interests through the particular examples/instantiations created by the (...)
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  21.  5
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Harvey Neufeldt, Sharon D. Kruse, Carole B. Shmurak, David Gruenwald & Mary Phillips Manke - 1998 - Educational Studies 29 (2):189-209.
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  22.  36
    The Discussion About Proposals to Change the Western Culture Program at Stanford University.Donald Kennedy, John Perky, Carolyn Lougee, Marsh McCall, Paul Robinson, James Gibb, Clara N. Bush, Judith Brown, George Dekker, Bill King, William Chace, Carlos Camargo, J. Martin Evans, Ronald Rebholz, Carl Degler, Barbara Gelpi, Renato Rosaldo, William Mahrt, Halsey Rayden, Herbert Lindenberger, Albert Gelpi, Gregson Davis, Diane Middlebrook, David Kennedy, Dennis Phillips, Harry Papasotiriou, Martin Evans, Ron Rebholz, Bill Chace, Jim van HarveySneehan & David Riggs - 1989 - Minerva 27 (2-3):223-411.
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  23.  13
    Statements Prepared for the Meeting of the Faculty Senate on 18 February, 1988.William Mahrt, Halsey Rayden, Herbert Lindenberger, Albert Gelpi, Gregson Davis, Diane Middlebrook, David Kennedy & Dennis Phillips - forthcoming - Minerva.
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  24.  33
    The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics.David Phillips & Daniel M. Hausman - 1994 - Philosophical Review 103 (2):348.
  25.  13
    The Mystics, Ascetics, and Saints of India. John Campbell Oman.David Phillips - 1907 - International Journal of Ethics 17 (3):395-397.
  26.  14
    General Intelligence Does Not Help Us Understand Cognitive Evolution.David M. Shuker, Louise Barrett, Thomas E. Dickins, Thom C. Scott-Phillips & Robert A. Barton - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  27.  8
    Clarifying Substituted Judgement: The Endorsed Life Approach: Table 1.John Phillips & David Wendler - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (9):723-730.
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  28.  21
    Intuitionism and Nihilism.David Kaspar - 2018 - Philosophia 46 (2):319-336.
    Intuitionism and nihilism, according to nihilists, have key features in common: the same semantics and the same phenomenology. Intuitionism is the object of nihilism’s attack. The central charge nihilism lodges against intuitionism is that its nonnatural moral properties are queer. Here I’ll examine what ‘queer’ might mean in relation to the doctrines nihilism uses to support this charge. My investigation reveals that nihilism’s queerness charge lacks substance and resembles a tautology served with a frown. There’s really nothing to it. After (...)
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  29.  31
    Ethics, Value and Reality.D. Z. Phillips, Aurel Kolnai, Bernard Williams & David Wiggins - 1978 - Philosophical Quarterly 28 (112):277.
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  30. Explorations in Ethics.David Kaspar (ed.) - forthcoming
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  31.  10
    David Kaspar's Intuitionism. [REVIEW]Robert William Fischer - 2014 - Philosophy in Review 34 (1-2):49-51.
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  32.  23
    David Kaspar: Intuitionism: Bloomsbury: London, 2012 Pp. 214. $28.00. [REVIEW]Andrew T. Forcehimes - 2013 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 16 (5):1093-1094.
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  33.  1
    Moral Formation and the Evangelical Voter.David P. Gushee & Justin Phillips - 2006 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 26 (2):23-60.
    THE STRONG SUPPORT OF EVANGELICAL CHRISTIANS FOR PRESIDENT George W. Bush contributed significantly to his reelection in November 2004. This was cause for celebration in some quarters and despair in others. It has led to an avalanche of attention to the perennial issue of the relationship between faith and politics, the role of "moral values" in determining evangelical voting patterns, and the growing political visibility and power of evangelical Christians in the United States. This essay is written by evangelical Christians (...)
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  34. Comment on David Kaspar's Intuitionism.Moti Mizrahi - 2015 - Reason Papers 37 (2):26-35.
    In his book Intuitionism, David Kaspar is after the truth. That is to say, on his view, “philosophy is the search for the whole truth” (p. 7). Intuitionism, then, “reflects that standpoint” (p. 7). My comments are meant to reflect the same standpoint. More explicitly, my aim in these comments is to evaluate the arguments for intuitionism, as I understand them from reading Kaspar’s book. In what follows, I focus on three arguments in particular, which can be (...)
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  35. Mackie on Practical Reason.David Phillips - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (5):457-468.
    I argue that Mackie's approach to practical reasons is attractive and unjustly neglected. In particular I argue that it is much more plausible than the kind of instrumentalist approach famously articulated by Bernard Williams. This matters for Mackie's arguments for moral skepticism. Contra Richard Joyce, I argue that it is a serious mistake to invoke instrumentalism in arguing for moral skepticism.
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  36.  15
    The Individual and the Social: A Comparative Study of Quality of Life, Social Quality and Human Development Approaches.David Phillips - 2011 - International Journal of Social Quality 1 (1):71-89.
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  37.  64
    How to Be a Moral Relativist.David Phillips - 1997 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):393-417.
    I provide a novel kind of argument for moral relativism which combines a general quasi-indexical semantics for the most important thin moral terms with an indeterminacy thesis. I then argue that the version of moral relativism supported by this strategy of argument allows for good rejoinders to the three most important and familiar objections to moral relativism.
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  38.  20
    Conceptions of Scientific Literacy: Identifying and Evaluating Their Programmatic Elements.Stephen P. Norris, Linda M. Phillips & David Burns - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 1317-1344.
    Programmatic concepts have elements that point in a valued direction or name a desired goal. We provide a detailed analysis of the nature of programmatic concepts and cite examples of the programmatic elements found in conceptions of scientific literacy. Next we describe what values underlie these elements and what theories of value might be brought to bear in assessing them. We present an analysis of approximately 70 conceptions of scientific literacy found in the literature since the year 2000. We identify (...)
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  39.  74
    Butler and the Nature of Self-Interest.David Phillips - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (2):421-438.
    Butler’s famous arguments in Sermon XI, designed to refute psychological egoism and to mitigate conflict between self-interest and benevolence, turn out to depend crucially on his own distinctive conception of self-interest. Butler does not notice the availability of several alternative conceptions of self-interest. Some such alternatives are available within the framework of Butler’s moral psychology; others can be developed outside that framework. There are a number of interesting reasons to prefer one or other such account of the ordinary concept of (...)
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  40. Absolute Actuality and the Plurality of Worlds.Phillip Bricker - 2006 - Philosophical Perspectives 20 (1):41–76.
    According to David Lewis, a realist about possible worlds must hold that actuality is relative: the worlds are ontologically all on a par; the actual and the merely possible differ, not absolutely, but in how they relate to us. Call this 'Lewisian realism'. The alternative, 'Leibnizian realism', holds that actuality is an absolute property that marks a distinction in ontological status. Lewis presents two arguments against Leibnizian realism. First, he argues that the Leibnizian realist cannot account for the contingency (...)
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  41.  29
    Jonas Olson, Moral Error Theory: History, Critique, Defence. Reviewed By.David Kaspar - 2015 - Philosophy in Review 35 (3):159-161.
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  42.  8
    Knowing Moral Truth: A Theory of Metaethics and Moral Knowledge. [REVIEW]David Kaspar - 2018 - Review of Metaphysics 72 (2).
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  43.  6
    MacBride, Fraser. 2018. On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy: Oxford: Oxford University Press. 272 pp. $67 Hardback. ISBN: 9780198811251.David Kaspar - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (2):857-860.
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  44.  3
    MacBride, Fraser. 2018. On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy.David Kaspar - 2020 - Philosophia 48 (2):857-860.
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  45.  7
    Robert Kane , Ethics and the Quest for Wisdom . Reviewed By.David Kaspar - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (4):288-290.
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  46.  15
    Richard Kraut, Against Absolute Goodness.David Kaspar - 2013 - Social Theory and Practice 39 (4):718-723.
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  47.  18
    Ross’s Place in the History of Analytic Philosophy.David Kaspar - 2016 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 24 (4):657-674.
    ABSTRACTWith the recent revival of moral intuitionism, the work of W. D. Ross has grown in stature. But if we look at some recent well-regarded histories, anthologies and companions of analytic philosophy, Ross is noticeably absent. This discrepancy of assessments raises the question of Ross’s place in the history of analytic philosophy. Hans-Johann Glock has recently claimed that Ross is not an analytic philosopher at all, but is instead a ‘traditional philosopher’. In this article, I will identify several undeniable features (...)
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  48.  17
    Rethinking the Good: Moral Ideals and the Nature of Practical Reasoning. By Larry S. Temkin. Oxford University Press, 2012, Pp. 640, £45.00 ISBN: 9780199759446. [REVIEW]David Kaspar - 2014 - Philosophy 89 (1):176-180.
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  49.  34
    Synthetic Concerns About Intuitionism.David Kaspar - 2009 - Southwest Philosophy Review 25 (1):119-126.
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  50.  75
    The End of the Sea Battle Story.David Kaspar - 2002 - Philosophia 29 (1-4):277-286.
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