27 found
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  1.  81
    Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule.David Rodríguez-Arias, Maxwell J. Smith & Neil M. Lazar - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):36-43.
    Despite continuing controversies regarding the vital status of both brain-dead donors and individuals who undergo donation after circulatory death (DCD), respecting the dead donor rule (DDR) remains the standard moral framework for organ procurement. The DDR increases organ supply without jeopardizing trust in transplantation systems, reassuring society that donors will not experience harm during organ procurement. While the assumption that individuals cannot be harmed once they are dead is reasonable in the case of brain-dead protocols, we argue that the DDR (...)
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  2.  8
    Absolutely Right and Relatively Good: Consequentialists See Bioethical Disagreement in a Relativist Light.Hugo Viciana, Ivar R. Hannikainen & David Rodríguez-Arias - forthcoming - AJOB Empirical Bioethics:1-22.
  3.  11
    Death Determination and Clinicians’ Epistemic Authority.David Rodríguez-Arias, Alberto Molina-Pérez & Gonzalo Díaz-Cobacho - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):44-47.
    Requiring family authorization for apnea testing subtracts health professionals control over death determination, a procedure that has traditionally been considered a matter of clinical expertise alone. In this commentary, we first provide evidence showing that health professionals’ (HPs) disposition to act on death determination without family’s prior consent could be much lower than that referred to by Berkowitz and Garrett (2020). We hypothesize that HPs may have reservations about their own expertise as regards death, and may thus hesitate to impose (...)
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  4.  27
    Do Publics Share Experts’ Concerns About Brain–Computer Interfaces? A Trinational Survey on the Ethics of Neural Technology.Matthew Sample, Sebastian Sattler, David Rodriguez-Arias, Stefanie Blain-Moraes & Eric Racine - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 2019 (6):1242-1270.
    Since the 1960s, scientists, engineers, and healthcare professionals have developed brain–computer interface (BCI) technologies, connecting the user’s brain activity to communication or motor devices. This new technology has also captured the imagination of publics, industry, and ethicists. Academic ethics has highlighted the ethical challenges of BCIs, although these conclusions often rely on speculative or conceptual methods rather than empirical evidence or public engagement. From a social science or empirical ethics perspective, this tendency could be considered problematic and even technocratic because (...)
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  5.  16
    Casting Light and Doubt on Uncontrolled DCDD Protocols.David Rodríguez-Arias, Iván Ortega-Deballon, Maxwell J. Smith & Stuart J. Youngner - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):27-30.
  6.  18
    Public Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Consent Policies for Organ Donation in Europe. A Systematic Review.Alberto Molina Pérez, David Rodríguez-Arias, Janet Delgado-Rodríguez, Myfanwy Morgan, Mihaela Frunza, Gurch Randhawa, Jeantine Reiger-Van de Wijdeven, Eline Schiks, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2019 - Transplantation Reviews 33 (1):1-8.
    Background: Several countries have recently changed their model of consent for organ donation from opt-in to opt-out. We undertook a systematic review to determine public knowledge and attitudes towards these models in Europe. Methods: Six databases were explored between 1 January 2008 and 15 December 2017. We selected empirical studies addressing either knowledge or attitudes towards the systems of consent for deceased organ donation by lay people in Europe, including students. Study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were conducted by (...)
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  7.  26
    “Nudging” Deceased Donation Through an Opt-Out System: A Libertarian Approach or Manipulation?David Rodrıguez-Arias & Myfanwy Morgan - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):25-28.
  8.  4
    Examining Public Trust in Categorical Versus Comprehensive Triage Criteria.Jon Rueda, Ivar R. Hannikainen, Joaquín Hortal-Carmona & David Rodriguez-Arias - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):106-109.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 106-109.
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  9.  9
    Ethical Issues in Pediatric Organ Transplantation.David Rodríguez-Arias, Aviva Goldberg & Rebecca Greenberg (eds.) - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
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  10.  16
    How Can You Be Transparent About Labeling the Living as Dead?David Rodríguez-Arias, Dominic Wilkinson & Stuart Youngner - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):24-25.
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  11. The Death Debates: A Call for Public Deliberation.David Rodríguez-Arias & Carissa Véliz - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):34-35.
    In this issue of the Report, James L. Bernat proposes an innovative and sophisticated distinction to justify the introduction of permanent cessation as a valid substitute standard for irreversible cessation in death determination. He differentiates two approaches to conceptualizing and determining death: the biological concept and the prevailing medical practice standard. While irreversibility is required by the biological concept, the weaker criterion of permanence, he claims, has always sufficed in the accepted standard medical practice to declare death. Bernat argues that (...)
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  12.  45
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule”.David Rodríguez-Arias, Maxwell J. Smith & Neil M. Lazar - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):W4-W6.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page W4-W6, August 2011.
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  13.  21
    Avoiding Violation of the Dead Donor Rule: The Costs to Patients.Maxwell J. Smith, David Rodríguez-Arias & Ivan Ortega - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):15-17.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 15-17, June 2012.
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  14.  10
    Testing the Motivational Strength of Positive and Negative Duty Arguments Regarding Global Poverty.Luke Buckland, Matthew Lindauer, David Rodríguez-Arias & Carissa Véliz - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-19.
    Two main types of philosophical arguments have been given in support of the claim that the citizens of affluent societies have stringent moral duties to aid the global poor: “positive duty” arguments based on the notion of beneficence and “negative duty” arguments based on noninterference. Peter Singer’s positive duty argument and Thomas Pogge’s negative duty argument are among the most prominent examples. Philosophers have made speculative claims about the relative effectiveness of these arguments in promoting attitudes and behaviors that could (...)
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  15.  25
    Hans Jonas'contribution to Bioethics: 40 Years After His'philosophical Reflections on Experimenting with Human Subjects'.Antonio Casado da Rocha & David Rodriguez-Arías - 2008 - Appraisal 7 (2).
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  16.  24
    Bioética, Reanimación Cardiopulmonar y Donación de Órganos En Asistolia.Pablo de Lora, Iván Ortega-Deballon, David Rodríguez-Arias, José Antonio Seoane, Alfredo Serrano & Rosana Triviño - 2013 - Dilemata 13:283-296.
    The so-called uncontrolled donation after circulatory determination of death (uDCDD) have been implemented in several countries, including Spain and France, to increase the availability of organs for transplantation. These protocols allow obtaining kidneys, livers and lungs of patients who do not survive cardio-pulmonary resuscitation performed in out-of-hospital settings. Simultaneously with the development and recent proliferation of these protocols, some emergency teams have begun to employ unconventional methods of CPR, with still uncertain but promising results. The coexistence of these two possibilities (...)
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  17.  2
    Addressing Organ Shortage: An Automatic Organ Procurement Model as a Proposal.Marina Morla-González, Clara Moya-Guillem, David Rodríguez-Arias, Íñigo de Miguel Beriain, Alberto Molina-Pérez & Iván Ortega-Deballon - forthcoming - Clinical Ethics:147775092110114.
    Organ shortage constitutes an unsolved problem for every country that offers transplantation as a therapeutic option. Besides the largely implemented donation model and the eventually implemented market model, a theorized automatic organ procurement model has raised a rich debate in the legal, medical and bioethical community, since it could show a higher potential to solve organ shortage. In this paper, we study the main arguments for and against this model. We show how, in the light of empirical data extracted from (...)
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  18.  2
    Determination of Death: A Discussion on Responsible Scholarship, Clinical Practices, and Public Engagement.Eric Racine, Ralf J. Jox, James L. Bernat, Peter Dabrock, Dale Gardiner, Georg Marckmann, Annette Rid, David Rodriguez-Arias, Jürgen in der Schmitten & Bettina Schöne-Seifert - 2015 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 58 (4):444-465.
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  19. Advance Directives and the Family: French and American Perspectives.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2005 - Clinical Ethics 2 (3):139-145.
    Several studies have explored differences between North American and European doctor patient relationships. They have focused primarily on differences in philosophical traditions and historic and socioeconomic factors between these two regions that might lead to differences in behaviour, as well as divergent concepts in and justifications of medical practice. However, few empirical intercultural studies have been carried out to identify in practice these cultural differences. This lack of standard comparative empirical studies led us to compare differences between France and the (...)
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  20.  26
    A Review Of: “Timothy F. Murphy. 2004. Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics”: Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 368 Pp. $29.00, Paperback. [REVIEW]David Rodríguez-Arias & Christian Hervé - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):64-66.
  21.  15
    A Review Of:“Timothy F. Murphy. 2004. Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics” Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 368 Pp. $29.00, Paperback. [REVIEW]David Rodríguez-Arias & Christian Hervé - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):64-66.
  22. Controversias actuales sobre el consentimiento para la donación de órganos.David Rodríguez-Arias & Antonio Casado da Rocha - 2009 - In López de la Vieja & Ma Teresa (eds.), Ensayos Sobre Bioética. Universidad de Salamanca.
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  23.  19
    Dying and Multiplying Life.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (5):inside front cover-inside front.
  24. La Mort Encéphalique: Actualités Et Controverses. Approche Comparative En Europe.David Rodríguez-Arias - unknown
     
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  25.  18
    Ni vivo ni muerto, sino todo lo contrario. Reflexiones sobre la muerte cerebral.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2013 - Arbor 189 (763):a067.
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  26. Reflexiones sobre bioética y virtudes públicas Victoria Camps.David Rodríguez-Arias & Juan Montero - 2009 - Dilemata.
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  27.  12
    The Dead Donor Rule as Policy Indoctrination.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):S39-S42.
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