Results for 'David Rodr��guez-Arias'

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  1.  26
    “Nudging” Deceased Donation Through an Opt-Out System: A Libertarian Approach or Manipulation?David Rodrıguez-Arias & Myfanwy Morgan - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):25-28.
  2.  24
    La virtù dell'epicheia: Teoria, storia e applicazione:(II): Dal Cursus theologicus dei Salmanticenses fino ai nostri Giorni.'.Angel Rodrıguez Luno - 1998 - Acta Philosophica 7 (1):65-88.
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  3.  22
    On Popper-Miller's Proof of the Impossibility of Inductive Probability.Andr�Srivadulla Rodr�Guez - 1987 - Erkenntnis 27 (3):353-357.
  4. Use of Cenograms in Mammalian Palaeoecology.J. Rodrıguez - 1999 - A Critical Review. Lethaia 32:331-347.
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  5.  27
    The Role of the Family in Deceased Organ Procurement: A Guide for Clinitians and Policymakers.Janet Delgado, Alberto Molina Pérez, David M. Shaw & David Rodríguez-Arias - 2019 - Transplantation 103 (5):e112-e118.
    Families play an essential role in deceased organ procurement. As the person cannot directly communicate his or her wishes regarding donation, the family is often the only source of information regarding consent or refusal. We provide a systematic description and analysis of the different roles the family can play, and actions the family can take, in the organ procurement process across different jurisdictions and consent systems. First, families can inform or update healthcare professionals about a person’s donation wishes. Second, families (...)
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  6. Mastering Chess and Shogi by Self-Play with a General Reinforcement Learning Algorithm.David Silver, Thomas Hubert, Julian Schrittwieser, Ioannis Antonoglou, Matthew Lai, Arthur Guez, Marc Lanctot, Laurent Sifre, Dharshan Kumaran, Thore Graepel, Timothy Lillicrap, Karen Simonyan & Demis Hassabis - 2017 - .
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  7.  82
    Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule.David Rodríguez-Arias, Maxwell J. Smith & Neil M. Lazar - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):36-43.
    Despite continuing controversies regarding the vital status of both brain-dead donors and individuals who undergo donation after circulatory death (DCD), respecting the dead donor rule (DDR) remains the standard moral framework for organ procurement. The DDR increases organ supply without jeopardizing trust in transplantation systems, reassuring society that donors will not experience harm during organ procurement. While the assumption that individuals cannot be harmed once they are dead is reasonable in the case of brain-dead protocols, we argue that the DDR (...)
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  8.  16
    How Can You Be Transparent About Labeling the Living as Dead?David Rodríguez-Arias, Dominic Wilkinson & Stuart Youngner - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (5):24-25.
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  9. A Bio-Logical Theory of Animal Learning.David Guez - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (2):148-158.
    This article provides the foundation for a new predictive theory of animal learning that is based upon a simple logical model. The knowledge of experimental subjects at a given time is described using logical equations. These logical equations are then used to predict a subject’s response when presented with a known or a previously unknown situation. This new theory suc- cessfully anticipates phenomena that existing theories predict, as well as phenomena that they cannot. It provides a theoretical account for phenomena (...)
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  10.  13
    Death Determination and Clinicians’ Epistemic Authority.David Rodríguez-Arias, Alberto Molina-Pérez & Gonzalo Díaz-Cobacho - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):44-47.
    Requiring family authorization for apnea testing subtracts health professionals control over death determination, a procedure that has traditionally been considered a matter of clinical expertise alone. In this commentary, we first provide evidence showing that health professionals’ (HPs) disposition to act on death determination without family’s prior consent could be much lower than that referred to by Berkowitz and Garrett (2020). We hypothesize that HPs may have reservations about their own expertise as regards death, and may thus hesitate to impose (...)
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  11.  14
    How Do People Use ‘Killing’, ‘Letting Die’ and Related Bioethical Concepts? Contrasting Descriptive and Normative Hypotheses.David Rodríguez‐Arias, Blanca Rodríguez López, Anibal Monasterio‐Astobiza & Ivar R. Hannikainen - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (5):509-518.
  12.  16
    Casting Light and Doubt on Uncontrolled DCDD Protocols.David Rodríguez-Arias, Iván Ortega-Deballon, Maxwell J. Smith & Stuart J. Youngner - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (1):27-30.
  13. La finalidad de los" Comentarios a los XXXI primeros salomos de David", de Benito Arias Montano.María Asunción Sánchez Manzano - 1998 - Ciudad de Dios 211 (1):51-125.
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  14.  12
    Is Reasoning in Rats Really Unreasonable? Revisiting Recent Associative Accounts.David Guez & Gregory Stevenson - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
    Beckers et al. (2006) published intriguing results, obtained in the rat fear condi- tioning paradigm, challenging classical associativist theories of learning. One of the main findings of Beckers et al. (2006) is that what they called subad- ditive pretraining abolished the expres- sion of blocking. Haselgrove (2010) proposed an expla- nation, based on the well known Rescorla- Wagner Model (Rescorla and Wagner, 1972). We will demonstrate here that the account offered by Haselgrove (2010) is contradictory to the basic assumptions of (...)
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  15.  18
    Organoids and the Genetically Encoded Self-Assembly of Embryonic Stem Cells.David A. Turner, Peter Baillie-Johnson & Alfonso Martinez Arias - 2016 - Bioessays 38 (2):181-191.
  16.  9
    Ethical Issues in Pediatric Organ Transplantation.David Rodríguez-Arias, Aviva Goldberg & Rebecca Greenberg (eds.) - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    This book offers a theoretical and practical overview of the specific ethical and legal issues in pediatric organ transplantation. Written by a team of leading experts, Ethical Issues in Pediatric Organ Transplantation addresses those difficult ethical questions concerning clinical, organizational, legal and policy issues including donor, recipient and allocation issues. Challenging topics, including children as donors, donation after cardiac death, misattributed paternity, familial conflicts of interest, developmental disability as a listing criteria, small bowel transplant, and considerations in navigating the media (...)
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  17. Diseño Y construcción de un brazo mecánico de tres grados de libertad.Jes S. Otero Yugat, Sagid Enrique Rodr Guez & Jos Javier Guti Rrez - 2008 - Scientia 14.
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  18. The Death Debates: A Call for Public Deliberation.David Rodríguez-Arias & Carissa Véliz - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):34-35.
    In this issue of the Report, James L. Bernat proposes an innovative and sophisticated distinction to justify the introduction of permanent cessation as a valid substitute standard for irreversible cessation in death determination. He differentiates two approaches to conceptualizing and determining death: the biological concept and the prevailing medical practice standard. While irreversibility is required by the biological concept, the weaker criterion of permanence, he claims, has always sufficed in the accepted standard medical practice to declare death. Bernat argues that (...)
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  19.  45
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Donation After Circulatory Death: Burying the Dead Donor Rule”.David Rodríguez-Arias, Maxwell J. Smith & Neil M. Lazar - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):W4-W6.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page W4-W6, August 2011.
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  20. Ateísmo en el siglo XVII: Análisis del Theophrastus Redivivus.Marcelino RodrÍ, Guez DonÍ & S. - 2003 - Agora 22 (1):155-176.
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  21. Espiritualidad laica y modernidad.Fernando RodrÍ, Guez GenovÉ & S. - 1999 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 18:163-168.
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  22. Oídos sordos, culturas y diferencias : de la exclusión al orgullo.Fernando RodrÍ, Guez GenovÉ & S. - 2003 - Daimon: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 28:85-94.
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  23.  2
    Advance Directives and the Family: French and American Perspectives.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2005 - Clinical Ethics 2 (3):139-145.
    Several studies have explored differences between North American and European doctor patient relationships. They have focused primarily on differences in philosophical traditions and historic and socioeconomic factors between these two regions that might lead to differences in behaviour, as well as divergent concepts in and justifications of medical practice. However, few empirical intercultural studies have been carried out to identify in practice these cultural differences. This lack of standard comparative empirical studies led us to compare differences between France and the (...)
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  24.  64
    Public Knowledge and Attitudes Towards Consent Policies for Organ Donation in Europe. A Systematic Review.Alberto Molina Pérez, David Rodríguez-Arias, Janet Delgado-Rodríguez, Myfanwy Morgan, Mihaela Frunza, Gurch Randhawa, Jeantine Reiger-Van de Wijdeven, Eline Schiks, Sabine Wöhlke & Silke Schicktanz - 2019 - Transplantation Reviews 33 (1):1-8.
    Background: Several countries have recently changed their model of consent for organ donation from opt-in to opt-out. We undertook a systematic review to determine public knowledge and attitudes towards these models in Europe. Methods: Six databases were explored between 1 January 2008 and 15 December 2017. We selected empirical studies addressing either knowledge or attitudes towards the systems of consent for deceased organ donation by lay people in Europe, including students. Study selection, data extraction, and quality assessment were conducted by (...)
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  25.  21
    Avoiding Violation of the Dead Donor Rule: The Costs to Patients.Maxwell J. Smith, David Rodríguez-Arias & Ivan Ortega - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (6):15-17.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 6, Page 15-17, June 2012.
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  26. From Cognition to Consciousness: A Discussion About Learning, Reality Representation and Decision Making.David Guez - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (2):136-141.
    The scientific understanding of cognition and consciousness is currently hampered by the lack of rigorous and universally accepted definitions that permit comparative studies. This paper proposes new functional and un- ambiguous definitions for cognition and consciousness in order to provide clearly defined boundaries within which general theories of cognition and consciousness may be developed. The proposed definitions are built upon the construction and manipulation of reality representation, decision making and learning and are scoped in terms of an underlying logical structure. (...)
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  27.  20
    From Cognition to Consciousness: A Discussion About Learning, Reality Representation, and Decision Making.David Guez - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (2):136-141.
    The scientific understanding of cognition and consciousness is currently hampered by the lack of rigorous and universally accepted definitions that permit comparative studies. This article proposes new functional and unambiguous definitions for cognition and consciousness in order to provide clearly defined boundaries within which general theories of cognition and consciousness may be developed. The proposed definitions are built upon the construction and manipulation of reality representation, decision making, and learning and are scoped in terms of an underlyinglogical structure. It is (...)
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  28. Pluralismo en torno al significado de la muerte cerebral y/o revisión de la regla del donante fallecido Pluralism about the meaning of brain death and/or the revision of the dead donor rule.David Rodríguez-Arias Vailhen & Alberto Molina Pérez - 2007 - Laguna 21.
    Since 1968, the irreversible loss of functioning of the whole brain, called brain death, is assimilated to individual’s death. The almost universal acceptance of this neurological criterion of death had decisive consequences for the contemporary medicine, such as the withdrawal of mechanical ventilation in these patients and organ retrieval for transplantation. The new criterion was successfully accepted in part because the assimilation of brain death state to death was presented by medicine --and acritically assumed by most of societies-- as a (...)
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  29. Una cuestión de vida o muerte: la extracción de órganos como problema bioético.David Rodríguez-Arias Vailhen - 2011 - Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad de Costa Rica 50 (127):103-118.
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  30.  11
    Absolutely Right and Relatively Good: Consequentialists See Bioethical Disagreement in a Relativist Light.Hugo Viciana, Ivar R. Hannikainen & David Rodríguez-Arias - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (3):190-205.
  31.  12
    Introduction: Literary Into Cultural Translation.José María Rodríguez-García, RodrÍ, JosÉ Guez-Garc&A. & Mar&Iac - 2004 - Diacritics 34 (3):3-30.
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  32.  9
    The Regime of Translation in Miguel Antonio Caro's Colombia.José María Rodríguez-García, Rodr&, Iacute, Jos& Guez-Garc&A., Eacute, Mar& & Iac - 2004 - Diacritics 34 (3):143-174.
  33.  14
    The Regime of Translation in Miguel Antonio Caro's Colombia.José María Rodríguez-García, RodrÍ, JosÉ Guez-Garc&A. & Mar&Iac - 2004 - Diacritics 34 (3):143-175.
  34.  28
    Do Publics Share Experts’ Concerns About Brain–Computer Interfaces? A Trinational Survey on the Ethics of Neural Technology.Matthew Sample, Sebastian Sattler, David Rodriguez-Arias, Stefanie Blain-Moraes & Eric Racine - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 2019 (6):1242-1270.
    Since the 1960s, scientists, engineers, and healthcare professionals have developed brain–computer interface (BCI) technologies, connecting the user’s brain activity to communication or motor devices. This new technology has also captured the imagination of publics, industry, and ethicists. Academic ethics has highlighted the ethical challenges of BCIs, although these conclusions often rely on speculative or conceptual methods rather than empirical evidence or public engagement. From a social science or empirical ethics perspective, this tendency could be considered problematic and even technocratic because (...)
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  35.  56
    Should Individuals Choose Their Definition of Death?A. Molina, David Rodriguez-Arias & Stuart J. Youngner - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (9):688-689.
    Alireza Bagheri supports a policy on organ procurement where individuals could choose their own definition of death between two or more socially accepted alternatives. First, we claim that such a policy, without any criterion to distinguish accepted from acceptable definitions, easily leads to the slippery slope that Bagheri tries to avoid. Second, we suggest that a public discussion about the circumstances under which the dead donor rule could be violated is more productive of social trust than constantly moving the line (...)
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  36.  6
    Hegemonía imperial, diplomacia y Guerra Fría: Los intelectuales costarricenses y la neutralidad perpetua, 1982-1986.David Díaz-Arias - 2019 - Dialogos 23 (1):151.
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  37.  4
    Examining Public Trust in Categorical Versus Comprehensive Triage Criteria.Jon Rueda, Ivar R. Hannikainen, Joaquín Hortal-Carmona & David Rodriguez-Arias - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):106-109.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 106-109.
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  38.  26
    A Review Of: “Timothy F. Murphy. 2004. Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics”: Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 368 Pp. $29.00, Paperback. [REVIEW]David Rodríguez-Arias & Christian Hervé - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):64-66.
  39.  15
    A Review Of:“Timothy F. Murphy. 2004. Case Studies in Biomedical Research Ethics” Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 368 Pp. $29.00, Paperback. [REVIEW]David Rodríguez-Arias & Christian Hervé - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (2):64-66.
  40. Controversias actuales sobre el consentimiento para la donación de órganos.David Rodríguez-Arias & Antonio Casado da Rocha - 2009 - In López de la Vieja & Ma Teresa (eds.), Ensayos Sobre Bioética. Universidad de Salamanca.
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  41.  19
    Dying and Multiplying Life.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (5):inside front cover-inside front.
  42. La Mort Encéphalique: Actualités Et Controverses. Approche Comparative En Europe.David Rodríguez-Arias - unknown
     
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  43.  18
    Ni vivo ni muerto, sino todo lo contrario. Reflexiones sobre la muerte cerebral.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2013 - Arbor 189 (763):a067.
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  44.  12
    The Dead Donor Rule as Policy Indoctrination.David Rodríguez-Arias - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):S39-S42.
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  45.  3
    To the Editor.David Rodríguez‐Arias - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (2):7-8.
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  46.  14
    Reducción de operaciones en la solución de sistemas de ecuaciones lineales de gran escala aplicando Simulated Annealing.Jorge Mario Arias Palacio, Julián David González Hoyos & Ramón Alfonso Gallego Rendón - forthcoming - Scientia.
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  47.  7
    Redefinición Y transvaloración Del concepto de historia.Leonardo David Arias Cuéllar - 2012 - Cuadernos de Filosofía Latinoamericana 33 (107).
    En el presente escrito, se da a conocer una interpretación _“personal”_, no por ello arbitraria, del texto _Sobre el concepto de historia _o _Tesis de filosofía de la historia_, _Über den Begriff der Geschichte_ de Walter Benjamín, leído de manera situada, una lectura cuya óptica pretende ser _desde_ América Latina. Se insistirá en la excepcionalidad crítica de la obra de Benjamín, sugiriendo que su propuesta alcanza una re-definición y transvaloración del concepto de historia, aquel que de manera habitual nos determina, (...)
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  48.  14
    Uncontrolled DCD: When Should We Stop Trying to Save the Patient and Focus on Saving the Organs?Iván Ortega‐Deballon & David Rodríguez‐Arias - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S4):S33-S35.
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  49.  32
    La Experiencia Americana y la Terapeutica En Los Secretos de Chirurgia de Pedro Arias de Benavides by Jose Luis Fresquet Febrer; Nuevos Materiales y Noticias Sobre la Historia de Las Plantas de Nueva Espana, de Francisco Hernandez by Jose Maria Lopez Pinero; Jose Pardo Tomas; Las Primeras Noticias Sobre Plantas Americanas En Las Relaciones de Viajes y Cronicas de Indias by Jose Pardo Tomas; Maria Luz Lopez Terrada.David Goodman - 1995 - Isis 86:637-638.
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  50.  25
    La experiencia americana y la terapeutica en los Secretos de chirurgia de Pedro Arias de Benavides. Jose Luis Fresquet FebrerNuevos materiales y noticias sobre la Historia de las plantas de Nueva Espana, de Francisco Hernandez. Jose Maria Lopez Pinero, Jose Pardo TomasLas primeras noticias sobre plantas americanas en las relaciones de viajes y cronicas de Indias . Jose Pardo Tomas, Maria Luz Lopez Terrada. [REVIEW]David Goodman - 1995 - Isis 86 (4):637-638.
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