Results for 'David S. Bright'

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  1.  73
    Reconsidering Virtue: Differences of Perspective in Virtue Ethics and the Positive Social Sciences.David S. Bright, Bradley A. Winn & Jason Kanov - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 119 (4):1-16.
    This paper describes differences in two perspectives on the idea of virtue as a theoretical foundation for positive organizational ethics (POE). The virtue ethics perspective is grounded in the philosophical tradition, has classical roots, and focuses attention on virtue as a property of character. The positive social science perspective is a recent movement (e.g., positive psychology and positive organizational scholarship) that has implications for POE. The positive social science movement operationalizes virtue through an empirical lens that emphasizes virtuous behaviors. From (...)
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  2.  46
    The Amplifying and Buffering Effects of Virtuousness in Downsized Organizations.David S. Bright, Kim S. Cameron & Arran Caza - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 64 (3):249-269.
    Virtuousness refers to the pursuit of the highest aspirations in the human condition. It is characterized by human impact, moral goodness, and unconditional societal betterment. Several writers have recently argued that corporations, in addition to being concerned with ethics, should also emphasize an ethos of virtuousness in corporate action. Virtuousness emphasizes actions that go beyond the “do no harm” assumption embedded in most ethical codes of conduct. Instead, it emphasizes the highest and best of the human condition. This research empirically (...)
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  3.  5
    Big and Bright: A History of the McDonald Observatory. David S. Evans, J. Derral Mulholland.Donald E. Osterbrock - 1987 - Isis 78 (3):441-442.
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  4.  20
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Richard A. Brosio, Ann Franklin, Erskine S. Dottin, David Slive, Milton K. Reimer, Thomas A. Brindley, F. C. Rankine, Stephen K. Miller, Clifford A. Hardy, Roy L. Cox, John T. Zepper, Paul W. Beals, William E. Roweton, Cheryl G. Kasson, George W. Bright & Robert Newton Barger - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (3):328-349.
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  5.  31
    Book Reviews Section 3.James L. Jarrett, Walter P. Krolikowski, Charles R. Estes, Hugh C. Black, Charles S. Benson, John Lipkin, Gerald T. Kowitz, Anthony Scarangello, Langston C. Bannister, David N. Campbell, Christine C. Swarm, Steven I. Miller, David H. Ford, William J. Mathis, Don Kauchak, Paul R. Klohr, George W. Bright, Joyce Ann Rich, Edward F. Dash & Marvin Willerman - 1973 - Educational Studies 4 (3):155-168.
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  6.  11
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Jerry Miner, George A. Male, George W. Bright, Cole S. Brembeck, Ronald E. Hull, Roger R. Woock, Ralph J. Erickson, Oliver S. Ikenberry, William F. O'neill, William H. Hay, David Neil Silk, Gail Zivin & David Conrad - unknown
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  7.  4
    Continental Drift: Colliding Continents, Converging Cultures. [REVIEW]David Oldroyd - 2002 - Isis 93:345-346.
    This is an interesting and charming book—even if not strictly an essay in the history of science. The dissident author studied earth sciences in Romania during the beastly Ceauşescu regime but managed to get out by attending a conference in Newcastle and never returning until after the end of Eastern European communism. Yet he remained a Romanian patriot and is presently a professor honoris causa in Bucharest, while residing with his family in salubrious Glyndebourne.Constantin Roman must, by his account, surely (...)
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  8.  32
    Extending the Value Chain to Incorporate Privacy by Design Principles.Julie Smith David & Marilyn Prosch - 2010 - Identity in the Information Society 3 (2):295-318.
    Morgan et al. examine the notion of corporate citizenship and suggest that for it to be effective companies need to minimize harm and maximize benefits through its activities and, in so doing, take account of and be responsive to a full range of stakeholders. Specifically, they call for a “next generation” approach to corporate citizenship that embeds structures, systems, processes and policies into and across the company’s value chain. We take this notion of corporate citizenship and apply it to Privacy (...)
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  9.  1
    Interpretation Pitfalls to Avoid in Void Interpretation From Ground-Penetrating Radar Imaging.David C. Nobes - 2018 - Interpretation: SEG 6 (4):SL21-SL28.
    Voids are features that occur commonly in near-surface geophysical imaging. They are usually readily identified in ground penetrating radar imaging because of the strong reflection amplitudes, akin to the “bright spot” in oil and gas exploration. However, voids are often misidentified. Some voids are missed, and other anomalous features are misinterpreted as voids, when in fact they are not. We evaluate s ome examples of features will be presented from glacial imaging and engineering geophysics that were misinterpreted as voids, (...)
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  10. Essence and Properties.David S. Oderberg - unknown
    The distinction between the essence of an object and its properties has been obscured in contemporary discussion of essentialism. Locke held that the properties of an object are exclusively those features that ‘flow’ from its essence. Here he follows the Aristotelian theory, leaving aside Locke’s own scepticism about the knowability of essence. I defend the need to distinguish sharply between essence and properties, arguing that essence must be given by form and that properties flow from form. I give a precise (...)
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  11. The Ways of Confucianism Investigations in Chinese Philosophy.David S. Nivison & Bryan W. Van Norden - 1996
  12.  16
    A Distributed Connectionist Production System.David S. Touretzky & Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (3):423-466.
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  13.  11
    The World of Thought in Ancient China.David S. Nivison - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (4):411-419.
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  14.  37
    Hippocampus, Space, and Memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):313-322.
    We examine two different descriptions of the behavioral functions of the hippocampal system. One emphasizes spatially organized behaviors, especially those using cognitive maps. The other emphasizes memory, particularly working memory, a short-term memory that requires iexible stimulus-response associations and is highly susceptible to interference. The predictive value of the spatial and memory descriptions were evaluated by testing rats with damage to the hippocampal system in a series of experiments, independently manipulating the spatial and memory characteristics of a behavioral task. No (...)
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  15. Clinical Applications of Machine Learning Algorithms: Beyond the Black Box.David S. Watson, Jenny Krutzinna, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher E. M. Griffiths, Iain B. McInnes, Michael R. Barnes & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - British Medical Journal 364:I886.
  16.  25
    The explanation game: a formal framework for interpretable machine learning.David S. Watson & Luciano Floridi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-32.
    We propose a formal framework for interpretable machine learning. Combining elements from statistical learning, causal interventionism, and decision theory, we design an idealised explanation game in which players collaborate to find the best explanation for a given algorithmic prediction. Through an iterative procedure of questions and answers, the players establish a three-dimensional Pareto frontier that describes the optimal trade-offs between explanatory accuracy, simplicity, and relevance. Multiple rounds are played at different levels of abstraction, allowing the players to explore overlapping causal (...)
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  17.  83
    Coincidence Under a Sortal.David S. Oderberg - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):145-171.
    The question whether two things can be in the same place at the same time is an ambiguous one. At least three distinct questions could be meant: Can two things simpliciter be in the same place at the same time? Can two things of the same kind be in the same place at the same time? Can two substances of the same kind be in the same place at the same time? The answers to these questions vary. In what follows, (...)
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  18.  62
    Being and Goodness.David S. Oderberg - unknown
    The old scholastic principle of the "convertibility" of being and goodness strikes nearly all moderns as either barely comprehensible or plain false. "Convertible" is a term of art meaning "interchangeable" in respect of predication, where the predicates can be exchanged salva veritate albeit not salva sensu: their referents are, as the maxim goes, really the same albeit conceptually different. The principle seems, at first blush, absurd. Did the scholastics literally mean that every being is good? Is that supposed to include (...)
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  19.  42
    Death, Unity and the Brain.David S. Oderberg - 2019 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 40 (5):359-379.
    The Dead Donor Rule holds that removing organs from a living human being without their consent is wrongful killing. The rule still prevails in most countries, and I assume it without argument in order to pose the question: is it possible to have a metaphysically correct, clinically relevant analysis of human death that makes organ donation possible? I argue that the two dominant criteria of death, brain death and circulatory death, are both empirically and metaphysically inadequate as definitions of human (...)
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  20. A Puzzle for Particulars?David S. Brown & Richard Brian Davis - 2008 - Axiomathes 18 (1):49-65.
    In this paper we examine a puzzle recently posed by Aaron Preston for the traditional realist assay of property (quality) instances. Consider Socrates (a red round spot) and red1—Socrates’ redness. For the traditional realist, both of these entities are concrete particulars. Further, both involve redness being `tied to’ the same bare individuator. But then it appears that red1 is duplicated in its ‘thicker’ particular (Socrates), so that it can’t be predicated of Socrates without redundancy. According to Preston, this suggests that (...)
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  21.  15
    Comparative Analysis of Episodic Memory.David S. Olton - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (2):250.
  22. Hylemorphic Dualism.David S. Oderberg - 2005 - Social Philosophy and Policy 22 (2):70-99.
    To the extent that dualism is even taken to be a serious option in contemporary discussions of personal identity and the philosophy of mind, it is almost exclusively either Cartesian dualism or property dualism that is considered. The more traditional dualism defended by Aristotelians and Thomists, what I call hylemorphic dualism, has only received scattered attention. In this essay I set out the main lines of the hylemorphic dualist position, with particular reference to personal identity. First I argue that overemphasis (...)
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  23.  52
    The Immanence of Thought: Hegel’s Critique of Foundationalism.David S. Stern - 1990 - The Owl of Minerva 22 (1):19-33.
    From Kierkegaard’s famous polemic against Hegel’s system, and Marx’s rejection of the “mysticism” of reason, to Heidegger’s claim that Hegel completes the tradition of western metaphysics, and contemporary critics’ identification of Hegel as the authoritative spokesman — the “Master” — for the principles of unity and identity, a standard view has governed interpretations and evaluations of Hegel’s philosophy. Though familiarity with the positions just cited reveals considerable disparity, one does not need an especially discerning eye to recognize the common features (...)
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  24.  95
    Further Clarity on Cooperation and Morality.David S. Oderberg - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (4):192-200.
    I explore the increasingly important issue of co-operation in immoral actions, particularly in connection with health care. Conscientious objection, especially as pertains to religious freedom in health care, has become a pressing issue in the light of the US Supreme Court judgment in Hobby Lobby. Section 2 outlines a theory of co-operation inspired by Catholic moral theologians such as those cited by the Court. The theory has independent plausibility and is at least worthy of serious consideration – in part because (...)
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  25.  11
    Coincidence Under a Sortal.David S. Oderberg - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):145-171.
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  26. Finality Revived: Powers and Intentionality.David S. Oderberg - 2017 - Synthese 194 (7):2387-2425.
    Proponents of physical intentionality argue that the classic hallmarks of intentionality highlighted by Brentano are also found in purely physical powers. Critics worry that this idea is metaphysically obscure at best, and at worst leads to panpsychism or animism. I examine the debate in detail, finding both confusion and illumination in the physical intentionalist thesis. Analysing a number of the canonical features of intentionality, I show that they all point to one overarching phenomenon of which both the mental and the (...)
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  27. Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Disclosures: An Alternative Explanation for Increased Disclosure. [REVIEW]David S. Gelb & Joyce A. Strawser - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (1):1 - 13.
    Researchers and practitioners have devoted considerable attention to firms'' policies regarding discretionary disclosures. Prior studies argue that firms increase demand for their debt and equity issues and, thus, lower their cost of capital, by providing more informative disclosures. However, empirical research has generally not been able to document significant benefits from increased disclosure.This paper proposes an alternative explanation – firms disclose because it is the socially responsible thing to do. We argue that companies have incentives to engage in stakeholder management (...)
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  28.  41
    Merit and Responsibility: A Study in Greek Values. Arthur W. H. Adkins.David S. Scarrow - 1962 - Ethics 72 (2):144-146.
  29. Applied Ethics: A Non-Consequentialist Approach.David S. Oderberg - 2000 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Most of these books, however, defend approaches that are consequentialist or specifically utilitarian in nature.
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  30. The World is Not an Asymmetric Graph.David S. Oderberg - unknown
    mix of the concrete and the abstract (if we include universals, laws, propositions and the like), but whichever of these is the case, the world is not purely abstract, as a formal structure is. One might claim, however, that the world is a structure1 in the sense that it instantiates a structure and is nothing else. In other words, all there is to the..
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  31.  9
    A Re-Examination of the Role of Hippocampus in Working Memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):352-365.
  32.  26
    David Bentley Hart's The Beauty of the Infinite: Critical Responses.David S. Cunningham - 2007 - New Blackfriars 88 (1017):581-584.
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  33.  15
    The Anthropology of Justice: Law as Culture in Islamic Society.David S. Powers & Lawrence Rosen - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (4):790.
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  34.  28
    Is Form Structure?David S. Oderberg - 2014 - In D. D. Novotny & L. Novak (eds.), Neo-Aristotelian Perspectives in Metaphysics. pp. 164-180.
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  35.  12
    Opting Out: Conscience and Cooperation in a Pluralistic Society.David S. Oderberg - 2018 - In Opting Out: Conscience and Cooperation in a Pluralistic Society. pp. 1-155.
    We live in a liberal, pluralistic, largely secular society where, in theory, there is fundamental protection for freedom of conscience generally and freedom of religion in particular. There is, however, both in statute and common law, increasing pressure on religious believers and conscientious objectors to act in ways that violate their sincere, deeply held beliefs. This is particularly so in health care, where conscientious objection is coming under extreme pressure. I argue that freedom of religion and conscience need to be (...)
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  36. Computers and Intractability. A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness.Michael R. Garey & David S. Johnson - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (2):498-500.
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  37. All for the Good.David S. Oderberg - 2015 - Philosophical Investigations 38 (1-2):72-95.
    The Guise of the Good thesis has received much attention since Anscombe's brief defence in her book Intention. I approach it here from a less common perspective - indirectly, via a theory explaining how it is that moral behaviour is even possible. After setting out how morality requires the employment of a fundamental test, I argue that moral behaviour involves orientation toward the good. Immoral behaviour cannot, however, involve orientation to evil as such, given the theory of evil as privation. (...)
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  38.  19
    Reconstructing Physical Symbol Systems.David S. Touretzky & Dean A. Pomerleau - 1994 - Cognitive Science 18 (2):345-353.
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  39. Moral Theory: A Non-Consequentialist Approach.David S. Oderberg - 2000 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Moral Theory_ sets out the basic system used to solve moral problems, the system that consequentialists deride as 'traditional morality'. The central concepts, principles and distinctions of traditional morality are explained and defended: rights; justice; the good; virtue; the intention/foresight distinction; the acts/omissions distinction; and, centrally, the fundamental value of human life.
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  40.  50
    Plato's Cretan City: A Historical Interpretation of the Laws. Glenn R. Morrow.David S. Scarrow - 1960 - Ethics 72 (3):216-217.
  41.  12
    COVID‐19, History, and Humility.David S. Jones - 2020 - Centaurus 62 (2):370-380.
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  42.  14
    Mr. Aldrich's “Last Word”.David S. Shwayder - 1954 - Philosophical Studies 5 (4):62-64.
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  43.  56
    Referring, Singular Terms, and Presupposition.David S. Schwarz - 1976 - Philosophical Studies 30 (1):63 - 74.
  44.  74
    Could There Be a Superhuman Species?David S. Oderberg - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (2):206-226.
    Transhumanism is the school of thought that advocates the use of technology to enhance the human species, to the point where some supporters consider that a new species altogether could arise. Even some critics think this at least a technological possibility. Some supporters also believe the emergence of a new, improved, superhuman species raises no special ethical questions. Through an examination of the metaphysics of species, and an analysis of the essence of the human species, I argue that the existence (...)
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  45.  4
    Some Comments on John Bright's "History of Israel"A History of Israel.G. W. Ahlström, John Bright & G. W. Ahlstrom - 1975 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 95 (2):236.
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  46.  13
    The Global Language of Human Rights: A Computational Linguistic Analysis.David S. Law - 2018 - The Law and Ethics of Human Rights 12 (1):111-150.
    Human rights discourse has been likened to a global lingua franca, and in more ways than one, the analogy seems apt. Human rights discourse is a language that is used by all yet belongs uniquely to no particular place. It crosses not only the borders between nation-states, but also the divide between national law and international law: it appears in national constitutions and international treaties alike. But is it possible to conceive of human rights as a global language or lingua (...)
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  47. “Truth in Advertising”: The Beginning of Advertising Ethics in Australia.David S. Waller - 2012 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 27 (1):46-56.
    In Australia, as in many countries, the early advertising industry had a poor reputation for honesty. However, in 1920 ?truth in advertising? and raising ethical behavior became the focus of the Second Convention of Advertising Men of Australasia, held in Sydney. This was a major event in Australia's advertising history and was seen as a way to legitimize the industry in the eyes of those who doubted advertising's honesty. This paper will look at the Sydney Advertising Convention, with particular reference (...)
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  48.  76
    Modal Properties, Moral Status, and Identity.David S. Oderberg - 1997 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 26 (3):259-276.
  49. Moral Theory: A Non-Consequentialist Approach.David S. Oderberg - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (204):408-411.
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  50. The Makings of a Heroic Mistake: Richard Wright’s “Bright and Morning Star,” Communism, and the Contradictions of Emergent Subjectivity.Joseph G. Ramsey - 2016 - Mediations 30 (1).
    Joseph G. Ramsey argues that Richard Wright’s 1940 novella “Bright and Morning Star” has been consistently misunderstood. What has been almost universally read as a narrative of communist heroism stages instead a heroic mistake. “Bright and Morning Star” is not a story primarily about heroic individual sacrifice, but about the ways collective struggle can fail.
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