Results for 'David S. Clarke'

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  1.  79
    David S. Clarke, Some Pragmatist Themes. [REVIEW]Andrew Howat - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (1):143-149.
    David S. Clarke is clearly passionate about pragmatism. In this short, compelling book he explores what he calls “two fundamental claims” of pragmatism. He does this, he explains, with the “conviction that if pragmatism is to continue as a viable force in contemporary philosophy it must incorporate advances in philosophical method introduced by the linguistic philosophers of the past century” (xi). -/- The two fundamental claims that interest Clarke are as follows: -/- that cognitive inquiry and belief (...)
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  2. David S. Clarke, Ed., Panpsychism: Past and Recent Selected Readings Reviewed By.Phillip H. Wiebe - 2005 - Philosophy in Review 25 (4):242-244.
     
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  3. Panpsychism and the Philosophy of Charles Hartshorne.David S. Clarke - 2002 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 16 (3):151-166.
    This article summarizes the principal arguments for panpsychism given by Charles Hartshorne by separating it from Whitehead's event metaphysics and Hartshorne's natural theology. It sorts out the plausible reasons for panpsychism given by Hartshorne from those less plausible. Among the plausible reasons are those based on analogical reasoning and the impossibility of explaining how mentality originated. Among the implausible ones are those that postulate a type of psychic causation between wholes and parts. The conclusion is that the plausible reasons tip (...)
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  4.  15
    Where's the Example?David J. Kaup & Thomas L. Clarke - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):210-210.
    Lewis has missed an excellent opportunity to concisely demonstrate that a dynamical system can provide a bridge between emotion theory and neurobiology.
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  5.  4
    Milking It for All It’s Worth: Unpalatable Practices, Dairy Cows and Veterinary Work?Caroline Clarke & David Knights - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    Viewing animals as a disposable resource is by no means novel, but does milking the cow for all its worth now represent a previously unimaginable level of exploitation? New technology has intensified milk production fourfold over the last 50 years, rendering the cow vulnerable to various and frequent clinical interventions deemed necessary to meet the demands for dairy products. A major question is whether or not the veterinary code of practice fits, or is in ethical tension, with the administration of (...)
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  6.  73
    Music, Phenomenology, Time Consciousness: Meditations After Husserl.David Clarke - 2011 - In David Clarke & Eric F. Clarke (eds.), Music and Consciousness: Philosophical, Psychological, and Cultural Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 1-28.
    David Clarke examines the complex relationship between phenomenological and semiological understandings of music and consciousness through the window of time. He also explores the polar tension between Husserl's phenomenology and Derrida's critique of it, considering what the experience of music might have to offer in response to the crucial question of what is most primordial or essential to consciousness: the unceasing, differential movement of meaning, or some pure flow of subjectivity that underpins all our experience.
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  7.  9
    Meeting Goodpaster's Challenge: A Smithian Approach to Goodpaster's Paradox.David Gray & Peter Clarke - 2005 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 14 (2):119–126.
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  8.  10
    Meeting Goodpaster's Challenge: A Smithian Approach to Goodpaster's Paradox.David Gray & Peter Clarke - 2005 - Business Ethics: A European Review 14 (2):119-126.
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  9.  5
    The Port Orford, Oregon, Meteorite Mystery by Roy S. Clarke[REVIEW]David King - 1997 - Isis 88:346-347.
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  10.  6
    The Port Orford, Oregon, Meteorite Mystery. Roy S. Clarke, Jr.David A. Kring - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):346-347.
  11.  32
    The Central Problem of David Hume's Philosophy. An Essay Towards a Phenomenological Interpretation of the First Book of the Treatise of Human Nature.Mary E. Clarke - 1930 - Journal of Philosophy 27 (21):575-579.
  12. Hume’s Treatise and the Clarke-Collins Controversy.Paul Russell - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (1):95-115.
    The philosophy of Samuel Clarke is of central importance to Hume’s Treatise. Hume’s overall attitude to Clarke’s philosophy may be characterized as one of systematic scepticism. The general significance of this is that it sheds considerable light on Hume’s fundamental “atheistic” or anti-Christian intentions in the Treatise. These are all claims that I have argued for elsewhere.’ In this paper I am concerned to focus on a narrower aspect of this relationship between the philosophies of Clarke and (...)
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  13. The Music and Thought of Michael Tippett: Modern Times and Metaphysics.David Clarke - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    Tippett is often cast as a composer with a strong visionary streak, but what does that mean for a twentieth-century artist? In this multi-faceted study, David Clarke explores Tippett's complex creative imagination - its dialogue between a romantic's aspirations to the ideal and absolute, and a modernist's sceptical realism. He shows how the musical formations of works such as The Midsummer Marriage, King Priam, and The Vision of Saint Augustine resonate with the aesthetic and theoretical ideas of key (...)
     
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  14.  27
    Heidegger, Hermeneutics and History: Undermining Jeff Malpas’s Philosophy of Place.David Clarke - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (3):571-591.
    Most works about the philosophy of Martin Heidegger either disregard Heidegger’s attachment to National Socialism or assume the ‘minimalist’ view that his attachment was a brief political aberration of no consequence for his philosophy. This paper contends that the minimalist view is not only factually wrong but also that its assumption promotes methodological errors and poor philosophy. To assess this contention we examine two important texts from one of the more fertile fields in current philosophy: Jeff Malpas’s Heidegger’s Topology: Being, (...)
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  15.  14
    Peter Trawny, Freedom to Fail: Heidegger’s Anarchy, Trans. Ian Alexander Moore & Christopher Turner.David Clarke - 2015 - Philosophia 43 (4):917-924.
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  16.  29
    The Icon and the Index: Modes of Invoking The Body’s Presence.David Clarke - 1992 - American Journal of Semiotics 9 (1):49-82.
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  17.  79
    Peer Review Versus Editorial Review and Their Role in Innovative Science.Georg Steinhauser, Wolfram Adlassnig, Jesaka Ahau Risch, Serena Anderlini, Petros Arguriou, Aaron Zolen Armendariz, William Bains, Clark Baker, Martin Barnes, Jonathan Barnett, Michael Baumgartner, Thomas Baumgartner, Charles A. Bendall, Yvonne S. Bender, Max Bichler, Teresa Biermann, Ronaldo Bini, Eduardo Blanco, John Bleau, Anthony Brink, Darin Brown, Christopher Burghuber, Roy Calne, Brian Carter, Cesar Castaño, Peter Celec, Maria Eugenia Celis, Nicky Clarke, David Cockrell, David Collins, Brian Coogan, Jennifer Craig, Cal Crilly, David Crowe, Antonei B. Csoka, Chaza Darwich, Topiciprin del Kebos, Michele DeRinaldi, Bongani Dlamini, Tomasz Drewa, Michael Dwyer, Fabienne Eder, Raúl Ehrichs de Palma, Dean Esmay, Catherine Evans Rött, Christopher Exley, Robin Falkov, Celia Ingrid Farber, William Fearn, Sophie Felsmann, Jarl Flensmark, Andrew K. Fletcher, Michaela Foster, Kostas N. Fountoulakis, Jim Fouratt, Jesus Garcia Blanca, Manuel Garrido Sotelo, Florian Gittler, Georg Gittler & Go - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (5):359-376.
    Peer review is a widely accepted instrument for raising the quality of science. Peer review limits the enormous unstructured influx of information and the sheer amount of dubious data, which in its absence would plunge science into chaos. In particular, peer review offers the benefit of eliminating papers that suffer from poor craftsmanship or methodological shortcomings, especially in the experimental sciences. However, we believe that peer review is not always appropriate for the evaluation of controversial hypothetical science. We argue that (...)
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  18.  42
    Dreams Rise in Darkness: The White Magic of Cinema.David B. Clarke - 2010 - Film-Philosophy 14 (2):21-40.
    This paper considers Baudrillard’s thought in relation to cinema. It begins with a discussion of the way in which Baudrillard’s work typically invokes film and of the consequent paucity of Baudrillardian studies of cinema, making reference to the literature on Blade Runner and The Matrix . It proceeds to excavate a fuller account of Baudrillard’s conception of cinema, drawing, initially, on Baudrillard’s use of the 1926 German silent film, The Student of Prague , in his conclusion to The Consumer Society (...)
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  19.  12
    Complexity in Organoleptic Paths of Motion in the Genre of Craft Beer Reviews: A Comparative Study of Spanish and English.David Clarke - 2019 - Dissertation, Dublin City University
    The study of how languages differ in their portrayal of motion events has received much attention since Talmy provided the first detailed account of the phenomenon. Interest has extended from real, or factive motion, to imagined or fictive motion, and from there to metaphorical motion, in which experience in one sensory domain is understood in terms of motion. Studies of metaphorical motion have, however, concentrated so far on a limited number of sensory domains, principally vision, and drawn data from a (...)
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  20. Clarke's 'Almighty Space' and Hume's Treatise.Paul Russell - 1997 - Enlightenment and Dissent 16:83-113.
    The philosophy of Samuel Clarke is of central importance for an adequate understanding of Hume’s Treatise.2 Despite this, most Hume scholars have either entirely overlooked Clarke’s work, or referred to it in a casual manner that fails to do justice to the significance of the Clarke-Hume relationship. This tendency is particularly apparent in accounts of Hume’s views on space in Treatise I.ii. In this paper, I argue that one of Hume’s principal objectives in his discussion of space (...)
     
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  21. Wiggins on Practical Knowledge.Henry Clarke - 2016 - Disputatio 8 (42):113-124.
    Wiggins’ (2012) argument against propositional accounts of knowing how is based on a development of some considerations taken from Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle argued that the knowledge needed for participation in an ethos cannot be codified in propositional form so as to let it be imparted to someone who did not already have it. This is because any putative codification would be incomplete, and require that knowledge in order to extend it to novel cases. On a reasonable interpretation of his (...)
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  22.  71
    Shepherd on Hume’s Argument for the Possibility of Uncaused Existence.David Landy - 2020 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 2 (1):13.
    Shepherd’s argument against Hume’s thesis that an object can begin its existence uncaused has received short shrift in the secondary literature. I argue that the key to understanding that argument’s success is understanding its dialectical context. Shepherd sees the dialectical situation as follows. Hume presents an argument against Locke and Clarke the conclusion of which is that an object can come into existence uncaused. An essential premise of that argument is Hume’s theory of mental representation. Hume’s theory of mental (...)
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  23.  20
    Are Rules and Entries Enough? Historical Reflections on a Longstanding Controversy.Brigitte Nerlich & David D. Clarke - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):1032-1033.
    For language to function we clearly need two formal ordering principles: lexical entries and rules. Clahsen's target article provides multiple empirical evidence for this distinction, but this may be simply to overconfirm the undeniable and to overlook the hidden motor of language use and language development, namely, function. Since at least 1859, linguists have argued for the primacy of function, and these arguments are worth rediscovering today.
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  24.  20
    Doubly Monstrous?: Female and Disabled.Julie Joy Clarke - 2008 - Essays in Philosophy 9 (1):3.
    In this article I consider instances in visual culture in which artists and filmmakers aestheticize women with damaged, missing or anomalous limbs. I focus upon Joel Peter Witkin’s photomontage Las Meninas , Peter Greenaway’s film “A Zed and Two Noughts” , Alison Lapper Pregnant a statue by Marc Quinn, Mathew Barney’s film “Cremaster” , David Cronenberg’s “Crash” , Luis Buñuel’s “Tristana” and David Lynch’s short film “The Amputee” . I argue that although the artists and filmmakers reveal, rather (...)
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  25.  93
    The Reality of Field’s Epistemological Challenge to Platonism.David Liggins - 2018 - Erkenntnis 83 (5):1027-1031.
    In the introduction to his Realism, mathematics and modality, and in earlier papers included in that collection, Hartry Field offered an epistemological challenge to platonism in the philosophy of mathematics. Justin Clarke-Doane Truth, objects, infinity: New perspectives on the philosophy of Paul Benacerraf, 2016) argues that Field’s challenge is an illusion: it does not pose a genuine problem for platonism. My aim is to show that Clarke-Doane’s argument relies on a misunderstanding of Field’s challenge.
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  26.  30
    Christian Ethics as Witness: Barth's Ethics for a World at Risk. By David Haddorff. Pp. Xxii, 482, Cambridge, James Clarke, 2010, £28, $58, €40.99. Ethics with Barth: God, Metaphysics and Morals. By Matthew Rose. Pp. Viii, 226, Farnham, Surrey, Ashgate, 2. [REVIEW]Paul Brazier - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (4):722-723.
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  27.  60
    Rousseau, Clarke, Butler and Critiques of Deism.Robin Attfield - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (3):429 – 443.
    Rousseau’s stance on natural religion, revealed religion and their relation are outlined (section 1), and then his agreements and disagreements with Samuel Clarke (section 2). After a survey of Joseph Butler's critique of deism (section 3), Rousseau’s arguments emerge as capable of supplying a counter-critique sufficient to show that deism could claim to have survived the eighteenth-century undefeated (section 4). If the attempted refutation of theistic arguments on the parts of David Hume and of Immanuel Kant was inconclusive (...)
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  28.  13
    Rousseau, Clarke, Butler and Deism.Robin Attfield - unknown
    Rousseau’s stance on natural religion, revealed religion and their relation are outlined, and then his agreements and disagreements with Samuel Clarke. After a survey of Joseph Butler's critique of deism, Rousseau’s arguments emerge as capable of supplying a counter-critique sufficient to show that deism could claim to have survived the eighteenth-century undefeated. If the attempted refutation of theistic arguments on the parts of David Hume and of Immanuel Kant was inconclusive, then the survival of deism up to the (...)
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  29.  56
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]N. C. A. Costa, David Harrah, Michael Tye, D. S. Clarke, Jeffrey Olen, Robert Young, Richard Campbell, Michael McKinsey, John Peterson, Alex C. Michalos, John Glucker, John T. Blackmore, Eileen Bagus & Barbara Goodwin - 1985 - Philosophia 15 (1-2):279-281.
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  30.  37
    Review of Raison Et Déraison d'État. Théoriciens Et Theories de la Raison d'État aux XVIe Et XVIIe Siécles Sous la Direction de Yves Charles Zarka Paris, Presses Universitaires de France, 1994 Pp. 436, 248 FF. ISBN 9-782130-461616; Beverly C. Southgate: 'Covetous of Truth': The Life and Work of Thomas White, 1593-1676 Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1993. 189 Pp. £60.00 ISBN 0-7923-1926-5; George Dicker: Descartes: An Analytical and Historical Introduction Oxford University Press, 1993 £14.95 Pbk. ISBN 0-19-507590-0; Theo Verbeek: Descartes and the Dutch: Early Reactions to Cartesian Philosophy, 1637-1650. Carbondale and Edwardsville, Southern Illinois University Press, 1992, X + 168 Pp. $30.00 ISBN 0-8093-1617-X; David Berman: George Berkeley: Idealism and the Man Oxford University Press, 1994. £27.50 ISBN 0-19-826746-0; Joseph Mali: The Rehabilitation of Myth: Vico's New Science Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992. Pp. Xv + 275. £35.00 ISBN 0-521-41952-2; R. C. Solomon. [REVIEW]Luc Foisneau, John Brooke, Katherine Morris, Desmond Clarke & John Stephens - 1995 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 3 (2):441-472.
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  31.  32
    Knowledge as Fact-Tracking True Belief.Fred Adams, John A. Barker & Murray Clarke - 2017 - Manuscrito 40 (4):1-30.
    ABSTRACT Drawing inspiration from Fred Dretske, L. S. Carrier, John A. Barker, and Robert Nozick, we develop a tracking analysis of knowing according to which a true belief constitutes knowledge if and only if it is based on reasons that are sensitive to the fact that makes it true, that is, reasons that wouldn’t obtain if the belief weren’t true. We show that our sensitivity analysis handles numerous Gettier-type cases and lottery problems, blocks pathways leading to skepticism, and validates the (...)
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  32.  5
    General Philosophy.David Evans - 2004 - Philosophical Books 45 (3):238-240.
    Book reviewed:D. S. Clarke, Philosophy’s Second Revolution.
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  33.  64
    In Defense of Non-Causal Libertarianism.David Widerker - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (1):1-14.
    Non-Causal Libertarianism (NCL) is a libertarian position which aims to provide a non-causal account of action and freedom to do otherwise. NCL has been recently criticized from a number of quarters, notably from proponents of free will skepticism and agent-causation. The main complaint that has been voiced against NCL is that it does not provide a plausible account of an agent’s control over her action, and therefore, the account of free action it offers is inadequate. Some critics (mainly agent-causationists) have (...)
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  34.  14
    Higher Education in the Ancient World.S. Usher & M. L. Clarke - 1972 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 92 (1):214-214.
  35.  24
    Three Paradoxes Concerning Causality and Time: Parmenides, Leibniz, Einstein/Schrödinger.David Hyder - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (5):490-509.
    Parmenides’ Poem on Nature contains a proof that the world could not have come into being in time, because no explanation could be given for why it would do so at a given time. This same proof reappears in the Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence, where it is directed against Newtonian absolute time. Newtonians, Leibniz explains, believe that time is homogeneous and absolute, but this makes it inexplicable how God could have chosen to create the world on a given day. Similarly, in (...)
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  36.  43
    The Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence: Together with Extracts From Newton's Principia and Opticks.Samuel Clarke - 1956 - Barnes & Noble.
    This book presents extracts from Leibniz's letters to Newtonian scientist Samuel Clarke.
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  37.  54
    In defense of common sense. David Hume on ‘Is’ and ‘Ought’.Szymon Osmola - 2017 - Semina Scientiarum 16:194-210.
    In the article the author rejects traditional, logical interpretation of the famous “Is-Ought Paragraph” from David Hume’s A Treatise of Human Nature. He argues that most of the interpreters failed to grasp the wide philosophical background of the IsOP, which is, generally speaking, a passionate discussion between ethical rationalists and ethical anti-rationalists in the 17th and 18th century British philosophy. The author shows that the Hume’s main aim in the IsOP is to strengthen his previous arguments against ethical rationalism (...)
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  38. Essence and Properties.David S. Oderberg - unknown
    The distinction between the essence of an object and its properties has been obscured in contemporary discussion of essentialism. Locke held that the properties of an object are exclusively those features that ‘flow’ from its essence. Here he follows the Aristotelian theory, leaving aside Locke’s own scepticism about the knowability of essence. I defend the need to distinguish sharply between essence and properties, arguing that essence must be given by form and that properties flow from form. I give a precise (...)
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  39. The Correspondence of Samuel Clarke and Anthony Collins, 1707-08.Samuel Clarke & Anthony Collins - 2011 - Broadview Press.
    An important work in the debate between materialists and dualists, the public correspondence between Anthony Collins and Samuel Clarke provided the framework for arguments over consciousness and personal identity in eighteenth-century Britain. In Clarke's view, mind and consciousness are so unified that they cannot be compounded into wholes or divided into parts, so mind and consciousness must be distinct from matter. Collins, by contrast, was a perceptive advocate of a materialist account of mind, who defended the possibility that (...)
     
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  40. Being in America: Sixty Years of the Metaphysical Society.Brian G. Henning & David Kovacs (eds.) - 2014 - Editions Rodopi.
    Since its founding in 1950, the Metaphysical Society of America has remained a pluralistic community dedicated to rigorous philosophical inquiry into the most basic metaphysical questions. At each year’s conference, the presidential address offers original insights into metaphysical questions. Both the insights and the questions are as perennial as they are relevant to contemporary philosophers. This volume collects eighteen of the finest representatives from those presidential addresses, including contributions from George Allan, Richard Bernstein, Norris Clarke, Vincent Colapietro, Frederick Ferré, (...)
     
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  41. The Ways of Confucianism Investigations in Chinese Philosophy.David S. Nivison & Bryan W. Van Norden - 1996
  42.  7
    New Light on Robert Recorde.David Eugene Smith & Frances Marguerite Clarke - 1926 - Isis 8 (1):50-70.
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  43. A Collection of Papers, Which Passed Between the Late Learned Mr. Leibnitz and Dr. Clarke in the Years 1715 and 1716 Relating to the Principles of Natural Philosophy and Religion : With an Appendix : To Which Are Added, Letters to Dr. Clarke Concerning Liberty and Necessity, From a Gentleman of the University of Cambridge, with the Doctor's Answers to Them : Also, Remarks Upon a Book, Entituled, a Philosophical Enquiry Concerning Human Liberty. [REVIEW]Samuel Clarke & Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - 1717 - Printed for James Knapton.
  44.  16
    A Distributed Connectionist Production System.David S. Touretzky & Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (3):423-466.
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  45.  26
    Review: Some Pragmatist Themes. [REVIEW]Andrew Howat - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (1):143-149.
    David S. Clarke is clearly passionate about pragmatism. In this short, compelling book he explores what he calls "two fundamental claims" of pragmatism. He does this, he explains, with the "conviction that if pragmatism is to continue as a viable force in contemporary philosophy it must incorporate advances in philosophical method introduced by the linguistic philosophers of the past century" (xi). The two fundamental claims that interest Clarke are as follows: that cognitive inquiry and belief are to (...)
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  46.  11
    The World of Thought in Ancient China.David S. Nivison - 1988 - Philosophy East and West 38 (4):411-419.
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  47.  37
    Hippocampus, Space, and Memory.David S. Olton, James T. Becker & Gail E. Handelmann - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (3):313-322.
    We examine two different descriptions of the behavioral functions of the hippocampal system. One emphasizes spatially organized behaviors, especially those using cognitive maps. The other emphasizes memory, particularly working memory, a short-term memory that requires iexible stimulus-response associations and is highly susceptible to interference. The predictive value of the spatial and memory descriptions were evaluated by testing rats with damage to the hippocampal system in a series of experiments, independently manipulating the spatial and memory characteristics of a behavioral task. No (...)
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  48. Clinical Applications of Machine Learning Algorithms: Beyond the Black Box.David S. Watson, Jenny Krutzinna, Ian N. Bruce, Christopher E. M. Griffiths, Iain B. McInnes, Michael R. Barnes & Luciano Floridi - 2019 - British Medical Journal 364:I886.
  49.  25
    The explanation game: a formal framework for interpretable machine learning.David S. Watson & Luciano Floridi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-32.
    We propose a formal framework for interpretable machine learning. Combining elements from statistical learning, causal interventionism, and decision theory, we design an idealised explanation game in which players collaborate to find the best explanation for a given algorithmic prediction. Through an iterative procedure of questions and answers, the players establish a three-dimensional Pareto frontier that describes the optimal trade-offs between explanatory accuracy, simplicity, and relevance. Multiple rounds are played at different levels of abstraction, allowing the players to explore overlapping causal (...)
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  50.  83
    Coincidence Under a Sortal.David S. Oderberg - 1996 - Philosophical Review 105 (2):145-171.
    The question whether two things can be in the same place at the same time is an ambiguous one. At least three distinct questions could be meant: Can two things simpliciter be in the same place at the same time? Can two things of the same kind be in the same place at the same time? Can two substances of the same kind be in the same place at the same time? The answers to these questions vary. In what follows, (...)
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