12 found
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  1. Direct Reference for the Narrow Minded.David Shier - 1996 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 77 (3):225-248.
     
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  2.  70
    The Two-Envelope Paradox Resolved.Timothy J. McGrew, David Shier & Harry S. Silverstein - 1997 - Analysis 57 (1):28–33.
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    Why Kant Finds Nothing Ugly.David Shier - 1998 - British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (4):412-418.
  4.  21
    Can Human Rationality Be Defended "A Priori"?David Shier - 2000 - Behavior and Philosophy 28 (1/2):67 - 81.
    In this paper, I develop two criticisms of L. Jonathan Cohen's influential a priori argument that human irrationality cannot be experimentally demonstrated. The first is that the argument depends crucially on the concept of a normal human but that no such concept suitable for Cohen's purposes is available. The second is that even if his argument were granted, his thesis of an unimpeachable human capacity for reasoning is not a defense of human reasoning, but rather amounts to the claim that (...)
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    How Can Pictures Be Propositions?David Shier - 1997 - Ratio 10 (1):65-75.
  6.  1
    The Temporal Stage Fallacy: A Novel Statistical Fallacy in the Medical Literature. [REVIEW]David Shier & J. Lee Tilson - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (2):243-247.
    Celebrated for disproving the traditional view that lack of oxygen at birth (perinatal asphyxia) contributes significantly to cerebral palsy, a 1986 New England Journal of Medicine article by Karin Nelson and Jonas Ellenberg engineered a new consensus in the medical community: that lack of oxygen at birth rarely causes cerebral palsy. We demonstrate that the article's central argument relies on straightforwardly fallacious statistical reasoning, and we discuss significant implications -- e.g. how carefully fetuses are monitored during labor and delivery, expert (...)
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  7. Freedom and Determinism.Campbell Joseph Keim, O'Rourke Michael & Shier David (eds.) - 2004 - Bradford.
    This collection of contemporary essays by prominent contemporary thinkers on the topics of determinism and free agency concentrates primarily on two areas: the compatibility problem and the metaphysics of moral responsibility. There are also essays on the related fields of determinism and action theory. The book is unique in that it contains up-to-date summaries of the life-work of five influential philosophers: John Earman, Ted Honderich, Keith Lehrer, Robert Kane, and Peter van Inwagen. There are also contributions by other familiar and (...)
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    Law and Social Justice.Joseph Keim Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & David Shier (eds.) - 2005 - MIT Press.
    These essays by leading scholars illustrate the complexity and range of philosophical issues raised by consideration of law and social justice. The contributors to Law and Social Justice examine such broad foundational issues as instrumentalist versus Kantian conceptions of rights as well as such specific problems as the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence of causation in toxic tort cases. They consider a variety of subjects, including the implications of deliberative democracy for privacy rights, equality as a principle of distributive justice, (...)
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  9. Meaning and Truth.J. Campbell, M. O. Rourke & David Shier (eds.) - 2001 - New York: Seven Bridges Press.
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  10. Meaning and Truth - Investigations in Philosophical Semantics.Joseph K. Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & David Shier (eds.) - 2002 - Seven Bridges Press.
  11. Meaning and Truth: Investigations in Philosophical Semantics.Joseph Keim-Campbell, Michael O'Rourke & David Shier (eds.) - 2002 - Seven Bridges Press.
     
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  12. Russellian Non-Parallelism: Direct Reference Without Anti-Individualism.David Shier - 1993 - Dissertation, Wayne State University
    The Direct Reference account of the semantics of singular terms is widely assumed to be inconsistent with the traditional Individualist account of psychological states. Because of this assumption, and because of the weight of the evidence for Direct Reference, Anti-Individualism has found supporters despite its counterintuitiveness. In this dissertation, it is argued that Direct Reference and Individualism are not genuinely inconsistent, but that the inconsistency emerges only with the additional assumption of Propositionalism--the orthodox, proposition-based framework for understanding thought and language. (...)
     
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