52 found
Order:
Disambiguations
David Sloan Wilson [51]David Sloane Wilson [1]
  1. Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 1998 - Harvard University Press.
  2.  76
    Reintroducing Group Selection to the Human Behavioral Sciences.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):585.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   50 citations  
  3.  76
    On the Relationship Between Evolutionary and Psychological Definitions of Altruism and Selfishness.David Sloan Wilson - 1992 - Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):61-68.
    I examine the relationship between evolutionary definitions of altruism that are based on fitness effects and psychological definitions that are based on the motives of the actor. I show that evolutionary altruism can be motivated by proximate mechanisms that are psychologically either altruistic or selfish. I also show that evolutionary definitions do rely upon motives as a metaphor in which the outcome of natural selection is compared to the decisions of a psychologically selfish (or altruistic) individual. Ignoring the precise nature (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   37 citations  
  4.  4
    Evolution for Everyone: How Darwin's Theory Can Change the Way We Think About Our Lives.David Sloan Wilson - 2007 - Delacorte Press.
    What is the biological reason for gossip? For laughter? For the creation of art? Why do dogs have curly tails? What can microbes tell us about morality? These and many other questions are tackled by renowned evolutionist David Sloan Wilson in this witty and groundbreaking new book. With stories that entertain as much as they inform, Wilson outlines the basic principles of evolution and shows how, properly understood, they can illuminate the length and breadth of creation, from the origin of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  5. A Critical Review of Philosophical Work on the Units of Selection Problem.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 1994 - Philosophy of Science 61 (4):534-555.
    The evolutionary problem of the units of selection has elicited a good deal of conceptual work from philosophers. We review this work to determine where the issues now stand.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   16 citations  
  6. On the Inappropriate Use of the Naturalistic Fallacy in Evolutionary Psychology.David Sloan Wilson, Eric Dietrich & Anne B. Clark - 2003 - Biology and Philosophy 18 (5):669-81.
    The naturalistic fallacy is mentionedfrequently by evolutionary psychologists as anerroneous way of thinking about the ethicalimplications of evolved behaviors. However,evolutionary psychologists are themselvesconfused about the naturalistic fallacy and useit inappropriately to forestall legitimateethical discussion. We briefly review what thenaturalistic fallacy is and why it is misusedby evolutionary psychologists. Then we attemptto show how the ethical implications of evolvedbehaviors can be discussed constructivelywithout impeding evolutionary psychologicalresearch. A key is to show how ethicalbehaviors, in addition to unethical behaviors,can evolve by natural selection.
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  7.  19
    Pathological Altruism.Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    Pathological Altruism presents a number of new, thought-provoking theses that explore a range of hurtful effects of altruism and empathy.
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  8. Summary Of: ‘Unto Others. The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior'.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):185-206.
    The hypothesis of group selection fell victim to a seemingly devastating critique in 1960s evolutionary biology. In Unto Others (1998), we argue to the contrary, that group selection is a conceptually coherent and empirically well documented cause of evolution. We suggest, in addition, that it has been especially important in human evolution. In the second part of Unto Others, we consider the issue of psychological egoism and altruism -- do human beings have ultimate motives concerning the well-being of others? We (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  9.  51
    Species of Thought: A Comment on Evolutionary Epistemology.David Sloan Wilson - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (1):37-62.
    The primary outcome of natural selection is adaptation to an environment. The primary concern of epistemology is the acquistion of knowledge. Evolutionary epistemology must therefore draw a fundamental connection between adaptation and knowledge. Existing frameworks in evolutionary epistemology do this in two ways; (a) by treating adaptation as a form of knowledge, and (b) by treating the ability to acquire knowledge as a biologically evolved adaptation. I criticize both frameworks for failing to appreciate that mental representations can motivate behaviors that (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  10.  15
    Testing Major Evolutionary Hypotheses About Religion with a Random Sample.David Sloan Wilson - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (4):382-409.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  11.  1
    Unto Others.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):692-696.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  12.  28
    Language as a Community of Interacting Belief Systems: A Case Study Involving Conduct Toward Self and Others. [REVIEW]David Sloan Wilson - 1995 - Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):77-97.
    Words such as selfish and altruistic that describe conduct toward self and others are notoriously ambiguous in everyday language. I argue that the ambiguity is caused, in part, by the coexistence of multiple belief systems that use the same words in different ways. Each belief system is a relatively coherent linguistic entity that provides a guide for human behavior. It is therefore a functional entity with design features that dictate specific word meaning. Since different belief systems guide human behavior in (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  13.  1
    Gossip and Other Aspects of Language as Group-Level Adaptations.David Sloane Wilson, Carolyn Wilczynski, Alexandra Wells & Laura Weiser - 2000 - In Celia Heyes & Ludwig Huber (eds.), The Evolution of Cognition. MIT Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  14.  2
    Multilevel Selection and the Social Transmission of Behavior.David Sloan Wilson & Kevin M. Kniffin - 1999 - Human Nature 10 (3):291-310.
    Many evolutionary models assume that behaviors are caused directly by genes. An implication is that behavioral uniformity should be found only in groups that are genetically uniform. Yet, the members of human social groups often behave in a uniform fashion, despite the fact that they are genetically diverse. Behavioral uniformity can occur through a variety of psychological mechanisms and social processes, such as imitation, consensus decision making, or the imposition of social norms. We present a series of models in which (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  15.  9
    Cognitive Cooperation.David Sloan Wilson, John J. Timmel & Ralph R. Miller - 2004 - Human Nature 15 (3):225-250.
    Cooperation can evolve in the context of cognitive activities such as perception, attention, memory, and decision making, in addition to physical activities such as hunting, gathering, warfare, and childcare. The social insects are well known to cooperate on both physical and cognitive tasks, but the idea of cognitive cooperation in humans has not received widespread attention or systematic study. The traditional psychological literature often gives the impression that groups are dysfunctional cognitive units, while evolutionary psychologists have so far studied cognition (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  16.  36
    Morality and ‘Unto Others': Response to Commentary Discussion.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):257-268.
    We address the following issues raised by the commentators of our target article and book: (1) the problem of multiple perspectives; (2) how to define group selection; (3) distinguishing between the concepts of altruism and organism; (4) genetic versus cultural group selection; (5) the dark side of group selection; (6) the relationship between psychological and evolutionary altruism; (7) the question of whether the psychological questions can be answered; (8) psychological experiments. We thank the contributors for their commentaries, which provide a (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  17.  12
    Emotions and Actions Associated with Norm-Breaking Events.David Sloan Wilson & Rick O'Gorman - 2003 - Human Nature 14 (3):277-304.
    Norms have a strong influence on human social interactions, but the emotions and actions associated with norm-breaking events have not been systematically studied. We asked subjects to imagine themselves in a conflict situation and then to report how they would feel, how they would act, and how they would imagine the feelings and actions of their opponent. By altering the fictional scenario that they were asked to imagine (weak vs. strong norm) and the perspective of the subject (norm-breaker vs. the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  18.  25
    Perspectives and Parameterizations Commentary on Benjamin Kerr and Peter Godfrey-Smith's ``Individualist and Multi-Level Perspectives on Selection in Structured Populations''.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 2002 - Biology and Philosophy 17 (4):529-537.
    We have two main objections to Kerr and Godfrey-Smith's (2002) meticulous analysis. First, they misunderstand the position we took in Unto Others – we do not claim that individual-level statements about the evolution of altruism are always unexplanatory and always fail to capture causal relationships. Second, Kerr and Godfrey-Smith characterize the individual and the multi-level perspectives in terms of different sets of parameters. In particular, they do not allow the multi-level perspective to use the individual fitness parameters i and i. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  19. Health and the Ecology of Altruism.David Sloan Wilson, D. Ph & Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi - 2007 - In Stephen G. Post (ed.), Altruism and Health: Perspectives From Empirical Research. Oup Usa.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  20.  2
    Levels of Selection: An Alternative to Individualism in Biology and the Human Sciences.David Sloan Wilson - 1994 - In E. Sober (ed.), Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology. The Mit Press. Bradford Books.
  21.  23
    Utilities of Gossip Across Organizational Levels.Kevin M. Kniffin & David Sloan Wilson - 2005 - Human Nature 16 (3):278-292.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  8
    The Challenge of Understanding Complexity.David Sloan Wilson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (1):163-164.
    Those who emphasize complexity must show how it can be studied productively. Laland et al.'s target article partially succeeds but at times gets lost in a sea of possibilities. I discuss the challenge of understanding complexity, especially with respect to multilevel evolution.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23.  11
    Human Groups as Adaptive Units.David Sloan Wilson - 2005 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Laurence & Stephen P. Stich (eds.), The Innate Mind. Oxford University Press. pp. 78.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  4
    More on Group Selection and Human Behavior.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):782.
  25.  15
    Evolving the Future: Toward a Science of Intentional Change.David Sloan Wilson, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan & Dennis D. Embry - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):395-416.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Suicide, Beanbag Genetics, and Pleiotropy.David Sloan Wilson - 1980 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 3 (2):283.
  27.  39
    A Critique of R.D. Alexander's Views on Group Selection.David Sloan Wilson - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (3):431-449.
    Group selection is increasingly being viewed as an important force in human evolution. This paper examines the views of R.D. Alexander, one of the most influential thinkers about human behavior from an evolutionary perspective, on the subject of group selection. Alexander's general conception of evolution is based on the gene-centered approach of G.C. Williams, but he has also emphasized a potential role for group selection in the evolution of individual genomes and in human evolution. Alexander's views are internally inconsistent and (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  35
    Multilevel Selection and the Return of Group-Level Functionalism.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (2):305-306.
    We reinforce Thompson's points by providing a second example of the paradox that makes group selection appear counterintuitive and by discussing the wider implications of multilevel selection theory.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  5
    Collaborating on Evolving the Future.David Sloan Wilson, Steven C. Hayes, Anthony Biglan & Dennis D. Embry - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):438-460.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  6
    Sociopathy Within and Between Small Groups.David Sloan Wilson - 1995 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 18 (3):577-577.
    If sociopathy is a biological adaptation, it probably evolved in small social groups in which individuals lacked the social mobility required for a con-man strategy to work. On the other hand, conflicts between groups may have provided a large niche for sociopathy throughout human history.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  5
    Adaptive Misbeliefs Are Pervasive, but the Case for Positive Illusions is Weak.David Sloan Wilson & Steven Jay Lynn - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):539-540.
    It is a foundational prediction of evolutionary theory that human beliefs accurately approximate reality only insofar as accurate beliefs enhance fitness. Otherwise, adaptive misbeliefs will prevail. Unlike McKay & Dennett (M&D), we think that adaptive belief systems rely heavily upon misbeliefs. However, the case for positive illusions as an example of adaptive misbelief is weak.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  19
    Altruism, Evolutionary Psychology, and Learning.David Sloan Wilson & Ralph R. Miller - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):281-282.
    Rachlin's substantive points about the relationship between altruism and self-control are obscured by simplistic and outdated portrayals of evolutionary psychology in relation to learning theory.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  6
    Group Selection: The Theory Replaces the Bogey Man.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):639.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  5
    Religious Groups as Adaptive Units.David Sloan Wilson - 2001 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (3/4):467 - 503.
    This essay provides a sketch of religion as a set of biologically and culturally evolved adaptations that enable human groups to function as adaptive units. Recent developments in evolutionary biology make such a group-level interpretation of religion more plausible than in the past. A brief survey of relevant concepts is followed by a relatively detailed interpretation of Calvinism as a religious system in which explicit behavioral prescriptions, beliefs about God and his relationship with people, and numerous social control mechanisms combined (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  7
    Review: Reply to Commentaries. [REVIEW]David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):711 - 727.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  2
    Groups as Units of Functional Analysis, Individuals as Proximate Mechanisms.David Sloan Wilson - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):279-280.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  6
    Authors' Response.Elliott Sober & David Sloan Wilson - 2001 - Metascience 10 (2):202-208.
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  6
    Review: Précis of Unto Others. [REVIEW]David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):681 - 684.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  2
    Liberal and Conservative Protestant Denominations as Different Socioecological Strategies.Ingrid Storm & David Sloan Wilson - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (1):1-24.
    It is common to portray conservative and liberal Protestant denominations as “strong” and “weak” on the basis of indices such as church attendance. Alternatively, they can be regarded as qualitatively different cultural systems that coexist in a multiple-niche environment. We integrate these two perspectives with a study of American teenagers based on both one-time survey information and the experience sampling method (ESM), which records individual experience on a moment-by-moment basis. Conservative Protestant youth were found to be more satisfied, family-oriented, and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  2
    Historical Overview To See Why Cooperation and Altruism Pose a Prob-Lem for Evolutionary Theory, Consider the Evolution of a Nonsocial Adaptation, Such as Cryptic Color-Ation. Imagine a Population of Moths That Vary In.David Sloan Wilson - 2001 - In C. W. Fox D. A. Roff (ed.), Evolutionary Ecology: Concepts and Case Studies.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  1
    Language and Levels of Selection.Lee Alan Dugatkin & David Sloan Wilson - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):701.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  1
    The Struggle to Evolve Complexity.David Sloan Wilson - 2003 - Bioessays 25 (2):189-190.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43.  1
    Innate Psychology and Open-Ended Processes: Finding the Middle Ground.David Sloan Wilson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):219-219.
    Rolls's mechanistic account of emotion can help to bridge a rift within the field of evolutionary psychology. One side of the rift emphasizes the importance of innate psychological mechanisms that evolved to solve specific problems encountered in the ancestral environment. The other side emphasizes learning, development, and culture as open-ended evolutionary processes in their own right. Rolls shows how these two views can be reconciled, allowing a productive middle ground to be explored.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  1
    Pathology, Evolution, and Altruism.David Sloan Wilson - 2011 - In Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.), Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Does Altruism Exist?: Culture, Genes, and the Welfare of Others.David Sloan Wilson - 2015 - Yale University Press.
    _A powerful treatise that demonstrates the existence of altruism in nature, with surprising implications for human society_ Does altruism exist? Or is human nature entirely selfish? In this eloquent and accessible book, famed biologist David Sloan Wilson provides new answers to this age-old question based on the latest developments in evolutionary science. From an evolutionary viewpoint, Wilson argues, altruism is inextricably linked to the functional organization of groups. “Groups that work” undeniably exist in nature and human society, although special conditions (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Does Altruism Exist?: Culture, Genes, and the Welfare of Others.David Sloan Wilson - 2015 - Yale University Press.
    _A powerful treatise that demonstrates the existence of altruism in nature, with surprising implications for human society_ Does altruism exist? Or is human nature entirely selfish? In this eloquent and accessible book, famed biologist David Sloan Wilson provides new answers to this age-old question based on the latest developments in evolutionary science. From an evolutionary viewpoint, Wilson argues, altruism is inextricably linked to the functional organization of groups. “Groups that work” undeniably exist in nature and human society, although special conditions (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Group Level Evolutionary Processes.David Sloan Wilson - 2009 - In Robin Dunbar & Louise Barrett (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. Précis of Unto Others.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):681-684.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Problems with the Altruism Hypothesis.David Sloan Wilson - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):548.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Reply to Commentaries.David Sloan Wilson & Elliott Sober - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 65 (3):711-727.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 52