48 found
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  1.  35
    Replication, Falsification, and the Crisis of Confidence in Social Psychology.Brian D. Earp & David Trafimow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  2. The Socratic Note Taking Technique.Mark Walker, David Trafimow & Jamie Bronstein - 2017 - Teaching Philosophy.
    The notion of Socratic Note Taking is introduced to enhance students’ learning from assigned readings. SNT features students asking questions and answering their own questions while doing the readings. To test the effectiveness of SNT, half the students from two sections of a philosophy course were assigned SNT on alternating weeks. Quizzes each week alternated between the two classes as either high or low stakes in a counterbalanced format. The design was a 2 x 2 x 2 within-participants factorial. On (...)
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  3.  32
    Manipulating the Alpha Level Cannot Cure Significance Testing.David Trafimow, Valentin Amrhein, Corson N. Areshenkoff, Carlos J. Barrera-Causil, Eric J. Beh, Yusuf K. Bilgiç, Roser Bono, Michael T. Bradley, William M. Briggs, Héctor A. Cepeda-Freyre, Sergio E. Chaigneau, Daniel R. Ciocca, Juan C. Correa, Denis Cousineau, Michiel R. de Boer, Subhra S. Dhar, Igor Dolgov, Juana Gómez-Benito, Marian Grendar, James W. Grice, Martin E. Guerrero-Gimenez, Andrés Gutiérrez, Tania B. Huedo-Medina, Klaus Jaffe, Armina Janyan, Ali Karimnezhad, Fränzi Korner-Nievergelt, Koji Kosugi, Martin Lachmair, Rubén D. Ledesma, Roberto Limongi, Marco T. Liuzza, Rosaria Lombardo, Michael J. Marks, Gunther Meinlschmidt, Ladislas Nalborczyk, Hung T. Nguyen, Raydonal Ospina, Jose D. Perezgonzalez, Roland Pfister, Juan J. Rahona, David A. Rodríguez-Medina, Xavier Romão, Susana Ruiz-Fernández, Isabel Suarez, Marion Tegethoff, Mauricio Tejo, Rens van de Schoot, Ivan I. Vankov, Santiago Velasco-Forero, Tonghui Wang, Yuki Yamada, Felipe C. M. Zoppino & Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  4.  6
    Hypothesis Testing and Theory Evaluation at the Boundaries: Surprising Insights From Bayes's Theorem.David Trafimow - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (3):526-535.
  5.  36
    An a Priori Solution to the Replication Crisis.David Trafimow - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (8):1188-1214.
    ABSTRACTPossibly, the replication crisis constitutes the most important problem in psychology. It calls into question whether psychology is a science. Existing conceptualizations of replicability depend on effect sizes; the larger the population effect size, the greater the probability of replication. This is problematic and contributes to the replication crisis. A different conceptualization, not dependent on population effect sizes, is desirable. The proposed solution features the closeness of sample means to their corresponding population means, in both the original and replication experiments. (...)
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  6.  18
    Implications of an Initial Empirical Victory for the Truth of the Theory and Additional Empirical Victories.David Trafimow - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (4):415-437.
    Psychologists take two propositions for granted. Specifically, empirical verification of predictions derived from a theory support that the theory is more likely to be true and support that additional predictions derived from the theory have an increased probability of being sustained if subjected to empirical testing. In contrast, I argue that both propositions depend strongly on whether auxiliary assumptions are taken into account. When auxiliary assumptions are not taken into account, the first proposition is valid but the second is not. (...)
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  7. The Implications of Meaning for the Validity of Diagnostic Categories.David Trafimow - 2010 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 3 (1):23-24.
    Rodrigues and Banzato related the validity of diagnostic categories to their meaningfulness and I wish to explore this relation further without attempting to make criticisms. To commence, if a diagnostic category is to be valid, it must mean something.
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  8.  4
    Potential Performance Theory : A General Theory of Task Performance Applied to Morality.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):447-462.
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  9. Specific Mechanisms Versus General Theories in the Classification of Disorders.David Trafimow - 2011 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 4 (1):16-17.
    Oulis pointed out that there is a great deal of interest in specific mechanisms relating to mental disorders and that these mechanisms should play a role in classification. Although specific mechanisms are important, more attention should be given to general theories. The following example from Salmon illustrates the difference.
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  10.  4
    The Ubiquitous Laplacian Assumption: Reply to Lee and Wagenmakers.David Trafimow - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):669-674.
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  11.  27
    Known Versus Unknown Threats to Internal Validity: A Response to Edwards.Stephen Rice & David Trafimow - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):20-21.
  12.  6
    Popperian or Not: Replicable Observations Still Matter.David Trafimow - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (2):124-126.
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  13. Science and Mysticism: A Complex Distinction.David Trafimow - 2012 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 5 (2):55.
    In their interesting article, Trevors and Saier strongly distinguished between science and mysticism. I quote the last two sentences of their conclusion: "Science has allowed some humans to understand the universe at a profound level. Other have decided that the best way to understand the universe is through supernatural entities." Although there is a difference between the two, the difference is less clear than Trevors and Saier make it out to be.
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  14.  3
    Predictive Brain Implants Are Unlikely to Decrease Patients' Autonomy.David Trafimow - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (4):22-24.
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  15.  47
    Evolutionary Influences on Attribution and Affect.Jennie Brown & David Trafimow - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  16. Descriptive Richness and Abstract Theorizing Pertaining to Schizophrenic Disorders.David Trafimow - 2012 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 5 (1):29-30.
    Gaetano commented on the problems that exist in diagnosing schizophrenia and argues that more effort should be devoted to understanding relevant subjective experiences. I am not convinced that this is necessarily so. I have argued previously that diagnosis of clinical disorders is unlikely to work well in the absence of a theory on which the diagnostic system can be based. At present, there is very little theory concerning schizophrenic disorders, or at least very little theory that elicits wide agreement and (...)
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  17.  22
    Exemptions From Influenza Vaccinations for Health Care Personnel Based on Self or Identity Issues: Are They Justified?David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):44-46.
  18.  90
    Should Investigations of Consciousness Wait for Better Theory?David Trafimow - 2013 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 6 (2):78-79.
    Di Francesco and Marraffa performed a well-organized exploration of the literature concerned with consciousness. They described how interest in the issue dates back to ancient Greek philosophers, and continues to be of interest. Researchers invest impressive amounts of resources into investigating the issue. My goal is to question whether this is optimal.
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  19.  19
    Inferences About Character and Motive Influence Intentionality Attributions About Side Effects.Jamie S. Hughes & David Trafimow - 2012 - British Journal of Social Psychology 51:661-673.
    In two studies, we predicted and found that inferences about motive and character influence intentionality attributions about foreseeable consequences of action (i.e., side effects). First, we show that inferences about intentionality are greater for good side effects than bad side effects when a target person's character is described positively. In Study 2, we manipulated information about a target person and found that inferences about intentionality were greater when side effects were consistent with a target person's character and motives. Overall, our (...)
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  20.  6
    Augmenting the Argument Against Indirect Medical Advertising.David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):21-23.
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  21.  16
    The Relevance of Auxiliary Assumptions in Falsification.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):22-24.
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  22.  26
    Korn and Freidlin's Misunderstanding of the Null Hypothesis Significance Testing Procedure.Stephen Rice & David Trafimow - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):15-16.
    (2011). Korn and Freidlin's Misunderstanding of the Null Hypothesis Significance Testing Procedure. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 15-16.
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  23.  20
    Distinguishing Psychological Issues From Scientific Issues.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):29-30.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 29-30, August 2011.
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  24.  19
    Why I Do Not Agree That Neurointervention Is Less Ethical Than Incarceration.David Trafimow - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (3):144-146.
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  25.  10
    Why Successful Replications Across Contexts and Operationalizations Might Not Be Good for Theory Building or Testing.David Trafimow - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (3):359-368.
    Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, EarlyView.
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  26.  2
    Attributing Motives to Other People.Glenn D. Reeder & David Trafimow - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. HodgeS (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press. pp. 106--123.
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  27.  12
    The Invalidity of the Distinction Between Inherent and Noninherent Ethical Concerns.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (1):41-42.
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  28.  13
    Non Causal Theories and Using Auxiliary Assumptions to Handle Situation‐Specificity.David Trafimow - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (2):154-158.
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  29.  32
    The Concept of Unit Coherence and Its Application to Psychology Theories.David Trafimow - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (2):131-154.
    Philosophers and scientists agree that an important characteristic of theories is their internal coherence. I propose that there is a particular type of internal coherence, termed “unit coherence,” that has received insufficient attention from psychologists. When psychologists theorize about the mechanisms that bring about human behavior, the units in which the variables are expressed need to be consistent throughout the theory; this is unit coherence. The theory of reasoned action is an example of a unit incoherent theory. I explain why (...)
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  30.  8
    More Reasons Why Diffuse Tensor Imaging Is Problematic in Medicolegal Settings.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (2):39-41.
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  31.  7
    The Invalidity of Drawing Bioethical Conclusions From Statistically Significant Differences Between Male and Female Samples Pertaining to the Use of Neurological Information.David Trafimow - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (3):187-189.
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  32.  1
    Conceptual Replications in Different Frames.David Trafimow - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (1):62-64.
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  33.  29
    Why the Empirical Literature Fails to Support or Disconfirm Modular or Dual-Process Models.David Trafimow - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):283-284.
    Barbey & Sloman (B&S) present five models that account for performance in Bayesian inference tasks, and argue that the data disconfirm four of them but support one model. Contrary to B&S, I argue that the cited data fail to provide strong confirmation or disconfirmation for any of the models.
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  34.  10
    The Intelligibility of R or R2 as an Effect Size Statistic: Dichotomous Variables.David Trafimow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  35.  14
    The Interaction Between Research Consent and Random Error.David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):49 - 50.
    (2013). The Interaction Between Research Consent and Random Error. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 49-50. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2013.767956.
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  36.  5
    Using Priming Methods to Address Self-Concept Problems That Arise From Deep Brain Stimulation.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):52-53.
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  37.  13
    The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions: Problems With the Diversity Argument.David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):53 - 55.
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  38.  11
    Trait Attributions Within the Morality Domain.Holly R. Hackett & David Trafimow - 2012 - International Journal of Ethics 8 (3).
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  39.  4
    How Likely Are Impressive Benefits to Ensue From Simulation-Driven Big Neuroscience?David Trafimow - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):26-28.
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  40.  5
    A Close Consideration of Effect Sizes Reviewed by Jussim.David Trafimow & Yogesh J. Raut - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  41.  6
    Non Causal Theories and Using Auxiliary Assumptions to Handle Situation‐Specificity.David Trafimow - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4).
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  42.  3
    Rational Decision Making With Regard to Taking Methylphenidate.Stephen Rice & David Trafimow - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (2):31-33.
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  43.  3
    Artificial Enhancement of Motivation Is Typically Not a Bioethical Problem.David Trafimow - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):44-45.
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  44.  3
    Virtue Engineering Engenders Potential Benefits at a Fundamental Level.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4):15-17.
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  45.  7
    On Speaking Up and Alcohol and Drug Testing for Health Care Professionals.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (12):44-46.
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  46.  5
    Parents Do Not Always Have to Get Their Way: Why Critical Congenital Heart Disease Screening for Newborns Should Be Mandatory.David Trafimow - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):35-37.
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  47.  3
    The Implication of the Coefficient of Centrality for Assessing the Meaning of the Mean.David Trafimow - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  48.  2
    Is It Inevitable That Societies Exploit Useful Technologies?David Trafimow - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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