45 found
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  1.  95
    Replication, falsification, and the crisis of confidence in social psychology.Brian D. Earp & David Trafimow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  2.  15
    Hypothesis testing and theory evaluation at the boundaries: Surprising insights from Bayes's theorem.David Trafimow - 2003 - Psychological Review 110 (3):526-535.
  3.  63
    An a priori solution to the replication crisis.David Trafimow - 2018 - Philosophical Psychology 31 (8):1188-1214.
    ABSTRACTPossibly, the replication crisis constitutes the most important problem in psychology. It calls into question whether psychology is a science. Existing conceptualizations of replicability depend on effect sizes; the larger the population effect size, the greater the probability of replication. This is problematic and contributes to the replication crisis. A different conceptualization, not dependent on population effect sizes, is desirable. The proposed solution features the closeness of sample means to their corresponding population means, in both the original and replication experiments. (...)
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  4.  23
    Implications of an initial empirical victory for the truth of the theory and additional empirical victories.David Trafimow - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (4):415-437.
    Psychologists take two propositions for granted. Specifically, empirical verification of predictions derived from a theory support that the theory is more likely to be true and support that additional predictions derived from the theory have an increased probability of being sustained if subjected to empirical testing. In contrast, I argue that both propositions depend strongly on whether auxiliary assumptions are taken into account. When auxiliary assumptions are not taken into account, the first proposition is valid but the second is not. (...)
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  5.  59
    Manipulating the Alpha Level Cannot Cure Significance Testing.David Trafimow, Valentin Amrhein, Corson N. Areshenkoff, Carlos J. Barrera-Causil, Eric J. Beh, Yusuf K. Bilgiç, Roser Bono, Michael T. Bradley, William M. Briggs, Héctor A. Cepeda-Freyre, Sergio E. Chaigneau, Daniel R. Ciocca, Juan C. Correa, Denis Cousineau, Michiel R. de Boer, Subhra S. Dhar, Igor Dolgov, Juana Gómez-Benito, Marian Grendar, James W. Grice, Martin E. Guerrero-Gimenez, Andrés Gutiérrez, Tania B. Huedo-Medina, Klaus Jaffe, Armina Janyan, Ali Karimnezhad, Fränzi Korner-Nievergelt, Koji Kosugi, Martin Lachmair, Rubén D. Ledesma, Roberto Limongi, Marco T. Liuzza, Rosaria Lombardo, Michael J. Marks, Gunther Meinlschmidt, Ladislas Nalborczyk, Hung T. Nguyen, Raydonal Ospina, Jose D. Perezgonzalez, Roland Pfister, Juan J. Rahona, David A. Rodríguez-Medina, Xavier Romão, Susana Ruiz-Fernández, Isabel Suarez, Marion Tegethoff, Mauricio Tejo, Rens van de Schoot, Ivan I. Vankov, Santiago Velasco-Forero, Tonghui Wang, Yuki Yamada, Felipe C. M. Zoppino & Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  6.  7
    Implications of the TASI taxonomy for understanding inconsistent effects pertaining to free will beliefs.Tom St Quinton & David Trafimow - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    Whether people possess free will has been a long-lasting philosophical debate. Recent attention in social psychology has been given to the behavioral consequences of believing in free will. Research has demonstrated that manipulating free will beliefs has implications for many social behaviors. For example, free will belief manipulations have been associated with cheating, aggressiveness, and prejudice. Despite this work, some of these findings have failed to replicate. Testing theoretical predictions, such as whether believing in free will influences behavior, depends on (...)
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  7.  12
    Potential performance theory (PPT): A general theory of task performance applied to morality.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (2):447-462.
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  8.  9
    The ubiquitous Laplacian assumption: Reply to Lee and Wagenmakers (2005).David Trafimow - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):669-674.
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  9.  11
    A Taxonomy of Major Premises and Implications for Falsification and Verification.David Trafimow - 2020 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 33 (4):211-229.
    Both naïve and sophisticated falsification arguments depend upon using the logic of modus tollens to employ empirical defeats to conclude that the theory is not true or that t...
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  10. The Socratic Note Taking Technique.Mark Walker, David Trafimow & Jamie Bronstein - 2017 - Teaching Philosophy.
    The notion of Socratic Note Taking is introduced to enhance students’ learning from assigned readings. SNT features students asking questions and answering their own questions while doing the readings. To test the effectiveness of SNT, half the students from two sections of a philosophy course were assigned SNT on alternating weeks. Quizzes each week alternated between the two classes as either high or low stakes in a counterbalanced format. The design was a 2 x 2 x 2 within-participants factorial. On (...)
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  11.  34
    Known Versus Unknown Threats to Internal Validity: A Response to Edwards.Stephen Rice & David Trafimow - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):20-21.
  12.  7
    The role of free will beliefs in social behavior: Priority areas for future research.Tom St Quinton, David Trafimow & Oliver Genschow - 2023 - Consciousness and Cognition 115 (C):103586.
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  13.  11
    Augmenting the Argument Against Indirect Medical Advertising.David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (5):21-23.
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  14.  31
    Exemptions From Influenza Vaccinations for Health Care Personnel Based on Self or Identity Issues: Are They Justified?David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (9):44-46.
  15.  21
    The Relevance of Auxiliary Assumptions in Falsification.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (12):22-24.
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  16.  24
    True Consumer Autonomy: A Formalization and Implications.Michael R. Hyman, Alena Kostyk & David Trafimow - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 183 (3):841-863.
    Consumer autonomy is a fundamental topic for marketing ethics scholars. Nonetheless, autonomy’s philosophical treatment may have compromised its conceptual clarity. After reviewing the relevant ethics literature on consumer autonomy, the benefits of formally defining consumer autonomy are illustrated, and a novel formalization is adapted from potential performance theory mathematics. The goal is to transfigure a hitherto amorphous topic via a mathematical formalization that defines true autonomy, actual autonomy, reliability of wills, and reliability of product choice. The crucial and surprising result: (...)
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  17.  54
    Evolutionary Influences on Attribution and Affect.Jennie Brown & David Trafimow - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  18.  19
    Trait attributions within the morality domain.Holly R. Hackett & David Trafimow - 2012 - Ethics 8 (3).
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  19.  8
    Attributing motives to other people.Glenn D. Reeder & David Trafimow - 2005 - In B. Malle & S. HodgeS (eds.), Other Minds: How Humans Bridge the Gap Between Self and Others. Guilford Press. pp. 106--123.
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  20.  11
    A close consideration of effect sizes reviewed by Jussim.David Trafimow & Yogesh J. Raut - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  21.  6
    Conceptual replications in different frames.David Trafimow - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (1):62-64.
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  22.  34
    Distinguishing Psychological Issues From Scientific Issues.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (8):29-30.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 8, Page 29-30, August 2011.
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  23.  13
    Is it inevitable that societies exploit useful technologies?David Trafimow - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  24.  36
    Korn and Freidlin's Misunderstanding of the Null Hypothesis Significance Testing Procedure.Stephen Rice & David Trafimow - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (3):15-16.
    (2011). Korn and Freidlin's Misunderstanding of the Null Hypothesis Significance Testing Procedure. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 15-16.
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  25.  11
    Non Causal Theories and Using Auxiliary Assumptions to Handle Situation‐Specificity.David Trafimow - 2016 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 46 (4).
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  26.  20
    Non Causal Theories and Using Auxiliary Assumptions to Handle Situation‐Specificity.David Trafimow - 2017 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 47 (2):154-158.
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  27.  15
    On Speaking Up and Alcohol and Drug Testing for Health Care Professionals.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (12):44-46.
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  28.  19
    Parents Do Not Always Have to Get Their Way: Why Critical Congenital Heart Disease Screening for Newborns Should Be Mandatory.David Trafimow - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (1):35-37.
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  29.  15
    Popperian or not: Replicable observations still matter.David Trafimow - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (2):124-126.
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  30.  48
    The Concept of Unit Coherence and Its Application to Psychology Theories.David Trafimow - 2012 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 42 (2):131-154.
    Philosophers and scientists agree that an important characteristic of theories is their internal coherence. I propose that there is a particular type of internal coherence, termed “unit coherence,” that has received insufficient attention from psychologists. When psychologists theorize about the mechanisms that bring about human behavior, the units in which the variables are expressed need to be consistent throughout the theory; this is unit coherence. The theory of reasoned action is an example of a unit incoherent theory. I explain why (...)
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  31.  25
    The Ethics of PGD for Intersex Conditions: Problems With the Diversity Argument.David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (10):53 - 55.
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  32.  17
    The Interaction Between Research Consent and Random Error.David Trafimow - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):49 - 50.
    (2013). The Interaction Between Research Consent and Random Error. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 49-50. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2013.767956.
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  33.  10
    The implication of the coefficient of centrality for assessing the meaning of the mean.David Trafimow - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  34.  16
    The intelligibility of r or r2 as an effect size statistic: dichotomous variables.David Trafimow - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  35.  28
    Why I Do Not Agree That Neurointervention Is Less Ethical Than Incarceration.David Trafimow - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 9 (3):144-146.
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  36.  36
    Why the empirical literature fails to support or disconfirm modular or dual-process models.David Trafimow - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):283-284.
    Barbey & Sloman (B&S) present five models that account for performance in Bayesian inference tasks, and argue that the data disconfirm four of them but support one model. Contrary to B&S, I argue that the cited data fail to provide strong confirmation or disconfirmation for any of the models.
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  37.  10
    Predictive Brain Implants Are Unlikely to Decrease Patients' Autonomy.David Trafimow - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (4):22-24.
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  38.  8
    Rational Decision Making With Regard to Taking Methylphenidate.Stephen Rice & David Trafimow - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (2):31-33.
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  39.  9
    Artificial Enhancement of Motivation Is Typically Not a Bioethical Problem.David Trafimow - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):44-45.
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  40.  6
    How Likely Are Impressive Benefits to Ensue From Simulation-Driven Big Neuroscience?David Trafimow - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (1):26-28.
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  41.  14
    More Reasons Why Diffuse Tensor Imaging Is Problematic in Medicolegal Settings.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (2):39-41.
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  42.  17
    The Invalidity of the Distinction Between Inherent and Noninherent Ethical Concerns.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (1):41-42.
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  43.  13
    The Invalidity of Drawing Bioethical Conclusions From Statistically Significant Differences Between Male and Female Samples Pertaining to the Use of Neurological Information.David Trafimow - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 7 (3):187-189.
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  44.  10
    Using Priming Methods to Address Self-Concept Problems That Arise From Deep Brain Stimulation.David Trafimow - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 5 (4):52-53.
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  45.  7
    Virtue Engineering Engenders Potential Benefits at a Fundamental Level.David Trafimow & Stephen Rice - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 2 (4):15-17.
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