80 found
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  1. Natural Moralities:A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism: A Defense of Pluralistic Relativism.David B. Wong - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    David B. Wong proposes that there can be a plurality of true moralities, moralities that exist across different traditions and cultures, all of which address facets of the same problem: how we are to live well together. Wong examines a wide array of positions and texts within the Western canon as well as in Chinese philosophy, and draws on philosophy, psychology, evolutionary theory, history, and literature, to make a case for the importance of pluralism in moral life, and to establish (...)
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  2. Naturalizing Ethics.Owen Flanagan, Hagop Sarkissian & David Wong - 2016 - In Kelly James Clark (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Naturalism. London, UK: pp. 16-33.
    In this essay we provide (1) an argument for why ethics should be naturalized, (2) an analysis of why it is not yet naturalized, (3) a defense of ethical naturalism against two fallacies—Hume’s and Moore’s—that ethical naturalism allegedly commits, and (4) a proposal that normative ethics is best conceived as part of human ecology committed to pluralistic relativism. We explain why naturalizing ethics both entails relativism and also constrains it, and why nihilism about value is not an especially worrisome for (...)
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  3.  45
    Review Essay: Ethics and the Limits of PhilosophyEthics and the Limits of Philosophy.David B. Wong & Bernard Williams - 1989 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 49 (4):721.
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  4. Naturalizing Ethics.Owen Flanagan, Hagop Sarkissian & David Wong - 2007 - In Walter Sinnott Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology, Vol. 1: The Evolution of Morality: Adaptations and Innateness. Cambridge, MA, USA: pp. 1-26.
    In this essay we provide (1) an argument for why ethics should be naturalized, (2) an analysis of why it is not yet naturalized, (3) a defense of ethical naturalism against two fallacies—Hume’s and Moore’s—that ethical naturalism allegedly commits, and (4) a proposal that normative ethics is best conceived as part of human ecology committed to pluralistic relativism. We explain why naturalizing ethics both entails relativism and also constrains it, and why nihilism about value is not an especially worrisome for (...)
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  5.  3
    Moral Relativity.David B. Wong - 1984 - University of California Press.
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  6.  66
    Early Confucian Philosophy and the Development of Compassion.David B. Wong - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (2):157-194.
    Metaphors of adorning, crafting, water flowing downward, and growing sprouts appear in the Analects , the Mencius , and the Xunzi 荀子. They express and guide thinking about what there is in human nature to cultivate and how it is to be cultivated. The craft metaphor seems to imply that our nature is of the sort that must be disciplined and reshaped to achieve goodness, while the adorning, water, and sprout metaphors imply that human nature has an inbuilt directionality toward (...)
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  7. Is There a Distinction Between Reason and Emotion in Mencius?David B. Wong - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (1):31-44.
  8. Chinese Ethics.David Wong - 2008 - In Edward Zalta (ed.), Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  9. Three Kinds of Incommensurability.David B. Wong - 1989 - In M. Krausz (ed.), Relativism: Interpretation and Confrontation. Notre Dame University Press. pp. 140--58.
  10.  67
    Comparative Philosophy: Chinese and Western.David Wong - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  11. Universalism Versus Love with Distinctions: An Ancient Debate Revived.David B. Wong - 1989 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 16 (3-4):251-272.
  12. The Meaning of Detachment in Daoism, Buddhism, and Stoicism.David B. Wong - 2006 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 5 (2):207-219.
  13. Moral Reasons: Internal and External.David B. Wong - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 72 (3):536 - 558.
    The view defended is one sense externalist on the relation between moral reasons and motivation: A's having a moral reason to do X does not necessarily imply that A has a motivation that would support A's doing X via some appropriate deliberative route. However, it is in another sense externalist in holding that there are the kind of moral reasons there are only if the relevant motivational capacities are "generally present" in human beings, if not in all individuals. The process (...)
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  14.  54
    Confucian Ethics: A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community.Kwong-Loi Shun & David B. Wong (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Chinese ethical tradition has often been thought to oppose Western views of the self as autonomous and possessed of individual rights with views that emphasize the centrality of relationship and community to the self. The essays in this collection discuss the validity of that contrast as it concerns Confucianism, the single most influential Chinese school of thought. Alasdair MacIntyre, the single most influential philosopher to articulate the need for dialogue across traditions, contributes a concluding essay of commentary. This is (...)
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  15.  82
    Zhuangzi and the Obsession with Being Right.David B. Wong - 2005 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 22 (2):91 - 107.
  16.  56
    Relational and Autonomous Selves.David B. Wong - 2004 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 31 (4):419–432.
  17. Pluralistic Relativism.David B. Wong - 1995 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 20 (1):378-399.
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  18.  30
    Fieldwork in Familiar Places: Morality, Culture, & Philosophy.David B. Wong - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (3):716-720.
    Readers should be aware that the present author’s views are criticized in Moody-Adams’ book. Very few moral theorists escape criticism in this interesting alternative to relativist and realist approaches in contemporary ethical theory. Moody-Adams rejects the relativist claim that there are irresolvable moral disagreements, but does not rest that rejection on the idea of an independently existing moral reality. Indeed, she resolutely rejects attempts to explain moral differences based on the idea that some cultures have a lesser access to a (...)
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  19.  93
    What is the Nature of Morality? A Response to Casebeer, Railton and Ruse.Hagop Sarkissian, Owen J. Flanagan & David Wong - 2007 - In Walter Sinnott Armstrong (ed.), Moral Psychology, Vol.1: The Evolution of Morality: Adaptations and Innateness. Cambridge, MA, USA: pp. 45-52.
    A response to comments by William Casebeer, Peter Railton, and Michael Ruse on "Naturalizing Ethics" (2007).
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  20.  18
    Constructive Skepticism and Being a Mirror in the Zhuangzi.David B. Wong - 2017 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 44 (1-2):53-70.
    The Zhuangzi text deploys two epistemic themes to accomplish its ends of combatting human pretensions to know the world and to prompting us to rediscover the world through fresh eyes. To get us to shed our arrogant dispositions it applies a constructive skepticism to whatever it is that human beings claim to know. To point towards a more constructive relationship with Nature, it articulates the stance of being a mirror to nature. This essay will explain how the text does this (...)
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  21.  50
    Coping with Moral Conflict and Ambiguity.David B. Wong - 1992 - Ethics 102 (4):763-784.
  22. Saliva Ontology: An Ontology-Based Framework for a Salivaomics Knowledge Base.Jiye Ai, Barry Smith & David Wong - 2010 - BMC Bioinformatics 11 (1):302.
    The Salivaomics Knowledge Base (SKB) is designed to serve as a computational infrastructure that can permit global exploration and utilization of data and information relevant to salivaomics. SKB is created by aligning (1) the saliva biomarker discovery and validation resources at UCLA with (2) the ontology resources developed by the OBO (Open Biomedical Ontologies) Foundry, including a new Saliva Ontology (SALO). We define the Saliva Ontology (SALO; http://www.skb.ucla.edu/SALO/) as a consensus-based controlled vocabulary of terms and relations dedicated to the salivaomics (...)
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  23.  15
    Cultivating the Self in Concert with Others.David Wong - 2013 - In Amy Olberding (ed.), Dao Companion to the Analects. Springer.
    The Analects is a series of glimpses into how Confucius and his students engaged in their projects of moral self-cultivation. This chapter seeks to describe the way in which the outlines of a moral psychology arises from the text and how the text poses issues that came to be central to the Chinese philosophical tradition. It will be argued that the text provides exemplars of moral self-cultivation, that it makes emotion central to virtue and therefore makes emotional self-cultivation a central (...)
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  24. Growing Virtue: The Theory and Science of Developing Compassion From a Mencian Perspective.David Wong - 2015 - In Brian Bruya (ed.), The Philosophical Challenge from China. Cambridge: MIT.
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  25.  34
    Integrating Philosophy with Anthropology in an Approach to Morality.David Wong - 2014 - Anthropological Theory 14 (3).
    Philosophy and anthropology need to integrate their accounts of what a morality is. I identify three desiderata that an account of morality should satisfy: (1) it should recognize significant diversity and variation in the major kinds of value, (2) it should specify a set of criteria for what counts as a morality, and (3) it should indicate the basis for distinguishing between more or less justifiable moralities, or true and false moralities. I will discuss why these three desiderata are hard (...)
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  26.  52
    A Relational Approach to Environmental Ethics.Marion Hourdequin & David B. Wong - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (1):19–33.
  27.  60
    On Moral Realism Without Foundations.David Wong - 1986 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 24 (S1):95-113.
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  28. Constructing Normative Objectivity in Ethics: David B. Wong.David B. Wong - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):237-266.
    This essay explains the inescapability of moral demands. I deny that the individual has genuine reason to comply with these demands only if she has desires that would be served by doing so. Rather, the learning of moral reasons helps to shape and channel self- and other-interested motivations so as to facilitate and promote social cooperation. This shaping happens through the “embedding” of reasons in the intentional objects of motivational propensities. The dominance of the instrumental conception of reason, according to (...)
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  29.  38
    Conserving Nature; Preserving Identity.Nicole J. Hassoun & David B. Wong - 2015 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 42 (1-2):176-196.
    There are two broad approaches to environmental ethics. The “conservationist” approach on which we should conserve the environment when it is in our interest to do so and the “preservationist” approach on which we should preserve the environment even when it is not in our interest to do so. We propose a new “relational” approach that tells us to preserve nature as part of what makes us who we are or could be. Drawing from Confucian and Daoist texts, we argue (...)
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  30.  10
    Living Morally: A Psychology of Moral Character.David B. Wong - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (3):695.
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  31.  25
    Leibniz's Theory of Relations.David Wong - 1980 - Philosophical Review 89 (2):241-256.
  32.  15
    Quandaries and Virtues: Against Reductivism in Ethics.David B. Wong - 1991 - Noûs 25 (1):116-120.
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  33. How Are Moral Conversions Possible?David B. Wong - 2011 - In Ruth Weissbourd Grant (ed.), In Search of Goodness. University of Chicago Press.
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  34. Emotion and the Cognition of Reasons in Moral Motivation.David B. Wong - 2009 - Philosophical Issues 19 (1):343-367.
  35. Bioinformatics Advances in Saliva Diagnostics.Ji-Ye Ai, Barry Smith & David T. W. Wong - 2012 - International Journal of Oral Science 4 (2):85--87.
    There is a need recognized by the National Institute of Dental & Craniofacial Research and the National Cancer Institute to advance basic, translational and clinical saliva research. The goal of the Salivaomics Knowledge Base (SKB) is to create a data management system and web resource constructed to support human salivaomics research. To maximize the utility of the SKB for retrieval, integration and analysis of data, we have developed the Saliva Ontology and SDxMart. This article reviews the informatics advances in saliva (...)
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  36.  25
    On Flourishing and Finding One's Identity in Community.David B. Wong - 1988 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 13 (1):324-341.
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  37.  41
    Taoism and the Problem of Equal Respect.David Wong - 1984 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 11 (2):165-183.
  38.  8
    Chapter Nine. Reconciling the Tension Between Similarity and Difference in Critical Hermeneutics.David B. Wong - 2014 - In Ming Xie (ed.), The Agon of Interpretations: Towards a Critical Intercultural Hermeneutics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 165-184.
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  39.  20
    Response to Craig Ihara's Discussion.David B. Wong - 1991 - Philosophy East and West 41 (1):55-58.
  40.  7
    Responses to Commentators.David B. Wong - 2015 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14 (2):225-233.
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  41.  22
    On Learning What Happiness Is.David B. Wong - 2013 - Philosophical Topics 41 (1):81-101.
    I explore conceptions of happiness in classical Chinese philosophers Mengzi and Zhuangzi. In choosing to frame my question with the word ‘happiness’, I am guided by the desire to draw some comparative lessons for Western philosophy. ‘Happiness’ has been a central concept in Western ethics, and especially in Aristotelian and utilitarian ethics. The early Chinese concept most relevant to discussion of Mengzi and Zhuangzi concerns a specific form of happiness designated by the word le, which is best rendered as ‘contentment’. (...)
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  42.  33
    Commentary on Sayre-McCord's “Being a Realist About Relativism”.David B. Wong - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 61 (1-2):177 - 186.
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  43.  47
    Identifying with Nature in Early Daoism.David B. Wong - 2009 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 36 (4):568-584.
  44.  9
    Integrity and Moral Relativism.David B. Wong - 1994 - Ethics 104 (4):882-883.
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  45.  26
    Cultural Pluralism and Moral Identity.David B. Wong - 2009 - In Darcia Narvaez & Daniel Lapsley (eds.), Personality, Identity, and Character. Cambridge University Press. pp. 79.
  46.  6
    Cartesian Deduction.David B. Wong - 1982 - Philosophy Research Archives 8:1-19.
    The objective of the article is twofold: to advance an interpretation of Descartes’ position on the problem of explaining how deduction from universal propositions to their particular instances can be both legitimate and useful for discovery of truth; and to argue that his position is a valuable contribution to the philosophy of logic. In Descartes’ view. the problem in question is that syllogistic deductions from universal propositions to their particular instances is circular and hence useless as a means for discovery (...)
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  47. “Moral Relativism” Revised Version.David B. Wong - 2001 - In Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.), Encyclopedia of Ethics. Routledge. pp. 2--1164.
     
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  48.  19
    Cartesian Deduction.David B. Wong - 1982 - Philosophy Research Archives 8:1-19.
    The objective of the article is twofold: to advance an interpretation of Descartes’ position on the problem of explaining how deduction from universal propositions to their particular instances can be both legitimate and useful for discovery of truth; and to argue that his position is a valuable contribution to the philosophy of logic. In Descartes’ view. the problem in question is that syllogistic deductions from universal propositions to their particular instances is circular and hence useless as a means for discovery (...)
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  49.  81
    Towards a Body Fluids Ontology: A Unified Application Ontology for Basic and Translational Science.Jiye Ai, Mauricio Barcellos Almeida, André Queiroz De Andrade, Alan Ruttenberg, David Tai Wai Wong & Barry Smith - 2011 - Second International Conference on Biomedical Ontology , Buffalo, Ny 833:227-229.
    We describe the rationale for an application ontology covering the domain of human body fluids that is designed to facilitate representation, reuse, sharing and integration of diagnostic, physiological, and biochemical data, We briefly review the Blood Ontology (BLO), Saliva Ontology (SALO) and Kidney and Urinary Pathway Ontology (KUPO) initiatives. We discuss the methods employed in each, and address the project of using them as starting point for a unified body fluids ontology resource. We conclude with a description of how the (...)
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  50.  32
    Book Review:Integrity and Moral Relativism. Samuel Fleischacker. [REVIEW]David B. Wong - 1994 - Ethics 104 (4):882-.
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